Hinduism Present Gods Not In Vedas Why?

I have received a perceptive comment on the Gods worshiped in the Vedas.

This is it.Vedic Gods Abstract ,Hinduism.jpg Vedic Gods Abstract ,Hinduism.

After completing the Shruti texts, I moved onto the Smritis – the Itihaas and the Purans when my daughter, while reading the draft, commented : No portion of the Veds (including the Upanishads) really talk of Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh, Ganesh, Devi etc. How did the transition take place.?

The Agams do provide a clue but to my mind there are several missing links – especially in the practices as seen from Uttar Pradesh where I come from. Can you throw any light on this?’

I kept the comment pending lest I forget it.

The Vedas  as rightly said do not mention the Trinity Brahma , Vishnu And Shiva as much as the other deities as Indra, Varuna , Agni.

Shiva is not mentioned at all, excepting in Sri Rudram as Sivaaya Ca, Sivadharaya ca.

No mention of Brahma either.

But we have references to Vishnu and Narayana.

Example.Narayna Suktham ,Vishnu Suktham.

Devis Lakshmi and Durga are mentioned , Sri Suktham and Durga Suktham.

Vishnu is mentioned six times, in the Rig Veda

Ganapati Upanishad is found in the Atharva Veda.

As to how the Trinity and other deities we worship today came into play is the human necessity of having a fixed an object for realization with specific attributes that are identical with human attributes.

Vedas speak of Para Brahmanas Nirguna, with out Attributes.

Saguna, Gods with attributes were limited to what we now consider as minor deities, like Indra, Varuna and the others.

More of karma kanda was followed and Bhakthi Bhavam the Path of Devotion does not find a place in the Vedas as much as in the post Vedic period.

Vedic karmas were performed as per the Vedic procedure, were more mantra oriented( the deities are bound by the Mantras) and the Deities like Agni were used as conduits in carrying the oblations and these deities were considered to be the benefactor of human needs.

Howver as the number of these deities were numerous, there was a necessity of establishing  much more powerful deities, who are are in control of these deities.

Thus were the Gods Brahma and others.

As for as Shiva is concerned there are references to Siva in the South. Pre Sanatana Dharma period where He is described as Adhi Shiva and a First Siddha.

I have published a couple of articles on this and more to follow.

So many of the Gods we worship today were not mentioned in the Vedas.

That does not necessarily mean they are Illusions or lies.

As I have mentioned in my earlier Post that Hinduism does not believe in personal God but understands the Human Mind;s necessity og having one.

So it allows the worship of these deities.

As Krishna says,in The Bhagavad Gita

“I shall grant the boons to one who prays  in the Form he worships and in the same manner that Deity would’

Thereby implies the Nirguna Upasna can be supplemented by Saguna worship.

Deities mentioned in the Rig Veda.Numbers indicate the number of times the Gods were mentioned.

  • Indra 289
  • Agni 218
  • Soma 123 (most of them in the Soma Mandala)
  • The Asvins 56
  • Varuna 46 [1]
  • the Maruts 38
  • Mitra 28[1]
  • Ushas 21
  • Vayu (Wind) 12
  • Savitr 11
  • the Rbhus 11
  • Pushan 10
  • the Apris 9
  • Brhaspati 8
  • Surya (Sun) 8
  • Dyaus and Prithivi (Heaven and Earth) 6, plus 5.84 dedicated to Earth alone
  • Apas (Waters) 6
  • Adityas 6
  • Vishnu 6
  • Brahmanaspati 6
  • Rudra 5
  • Dadhikras 4
  • the Sarasvati River / Sarasvati 3
  • Yama
  • Parjanya (Rain) 3
  • Vāc (Speech) 2 (mentioned 130 times, deified e.g. in 10.125)
  • Vastospati 2
  • Vishvakarman 2
  • Manyu 2
  • Kapinjala (the Heathcock, a form of Indra) 2

Minor deities (one single or no dedicated hymn)

  • Manas (Thought), prominent concept, deified in 10.58
  • Dakshina (Reward for priests and poets), prominent concept, deified in 10.107
  • Jnanam (Knowledge), prominent concept, deified in 10.71
  • Purusha (“Cosmic Man” of the Purusha sukta 10.90)
  • Aditi
  • Bhaga
  • Vasukra
  • Atri
  • Apam Napat
  • Ksetrapati
  • Ghrta
  • Nirrti
  • Asamati
  • Urvasi
  • Pururavas
  • Vena
  • Aranyani
  • Mayabheda
  • Tarksya
  • Tvastar

I have taken as a frame of reference as it is the oldest and regarded as most authentic.

I belong to Krishna Yajur.



5 thoughts on “Hinduism Present Gods Not In Vedas Why?

  1. In place of Wiki, I would prefer to read Indian Authors who have done many research, only to be discovered by us! For example, work of Bal Gangadhar Tilak (yes, Lokmanya Tilak) and as recent as by Prof. Romesh Chandra Dutt. I have read his book which is based on his PhD work. I request you to read it, at least.

    I understand that Vedic Culture was nature worshiping, however, upon arrival of Annunakis and their internal feud (e.g. between EnQi i.e. Vishnu and EnLil i.e. Shiva) the things changed. Vedic Culture had their systematic change for pro- Vishnu reverence, as against Tamil (Davidian) Cultural had pro-Shiva reverence. Therefore, the later Vedas has all avataars of Vishnu, ignoring completely Shiva. In the later period when two culture clashed, we had first differences and then acceptance. For example, there were only Kshatriyas and Brahmins strictly based on the work they took up for society; in Vedic Culture. The same upon mixing up with Dravidian Culture has Vaishyas and Shudra added. To quite a considerable time, first two caste were known as white Aryans and last two as dark Dravidians; as white Aryans were victorious over Dravidians. White Aryans fought using horses and their earlier names were indicating Ashwa (horse), which is similar to Singh at present. Dravidians fought on elephants!

    I hope that I have, at least, inspired you to read some more.


  2. The article is another unnecessary obsession/ phobia for MAXMULER/CALDWEL INDOLOGISTS. First of all we have to remember the comments on RIG VEDIC is with reference to SAYNA CLASSIFICATION. Further the present RESEARCH ON HISTORY is highly prejudiced against SAVISM AND SAKTHAM AND TANTHRAM. Actually SUKTHAS are not strictly classified as VEDAS. That is why before SAYANA’S CLASSIFICATION inscriptions throughout SOUTH INDIA SPEAK about TAITTRIUM/SAMAM/CHANDAM/TALAVAKARAM and TAITRIYOPANISHAD includes SRIRUDRAM as a separate part. All the so called VEDIC CEREMONIES are done only through THANTRAM the main thing being PRANAPRATHISHTA as well as MAHANYASAM. The so called PURE VAIDISM does not have anything on APARA. Even giving YAGABALI is interpolation of TANTRAM only since after doing Pranaprathishta TANTRIKS give energy through BALI. Upto recent times MAHESWARAS did sacrifices and the lamentation of SHRI APPAIYA DIKSHITA ABOUT BALI OF SIXTEEN GOATS AS PART OF DIGBANDHA is well known. Somehow Shri Madhwacharya through his MAGNUM OPUS WORK set the trend of making YAGYA as part of NARAYANA WORSHIP deriving authority from PURUSHA SUKTA. However in the early days of ADVAITA SRI VAISHNAVAS were identified as ADVAITINS(KULOTHUNGA CHOL I’S INSCRIPTION AT SRI VARADARAJAWAMY TEMPLE KANCHIPURAM) renouncing DANDA/PURINOOL AND SHIKSHA who were brought back to BRAHMINHOLD BY SRI RAMANUCHARYA which was misinterpreted as conversion of all into BRAHMINS. Let us do not meddle with VEDIC WORSHIP AND THE PRESENT SYSTEM. The so called VAIDK WORSHIP is a branch of TANTRAM AND SAKTAM devoid of PRANAPRATHISHTA and replacement of BALI with AHUTHI OF GOAT AND OTHER ANIMALS.


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