I have written articles on the connection between Anatolia,(Asia Minor), Mesopotamia, Sumeria and Babylon.
Hindu kings of Iraq, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Egypt and Italy,
Mitanni (/mɪˈtæni/; Hittite cuneiform KUR URUMi-ta-an-ni; alsoMittani Mi-it-ta-ni) or Hanigalbat (Assyrian Hanigalbat, Khanigalbatcuneiform Ḫa-ni-gal-bat) or Naharin in ancient Egyptian texts was a Hurrian-speaking state in northern Syria and southeast Anatoliafrom ca. 1500 BC–1300 BC. Founded by an Indo-Aryan ruling class governing a predominantly Hurrian population, Mitanni came to be a regional power after the Hittite destruction of Amorite Babylon and a series of ineffectual Assyrian kings created a power vacuum in Mesopotamia.
The Mittanni was in northern Mesopotamia , roughly from 1500-1300 BC.
At its height the empire extended from Kirkuk (ancient Arrapha) and the Zagros Mountains in the east through Assyria to the Mediterranean Sea in the west.
…These Kings and evena Roman Emperor sported Thiruman, The Vaishnavite marks on their Body.
I had also written on the migration of Shiva with his son Ganesha westwards from the south of Vindhyas, because of a Tsunami.
This was the time Lord Rama’s ancestor Satyavrata Manu migrated to Ayodhya .
Satyavrata manu’s son Ikshvaku founded the Sola dynasty, Ikshvaku.
The traces of Shiva are found everywhere from the Middle east to the Arctic!
The Chola dynasty traces its origins to ikshvaku dynasty of Rama.
The story of Chola King Sibi is narrated in the Vishnu Purana, as the ancestor of Rama.
Apart from the evidence of Hitties being influenced by the Tamils, it might be possible that the Cholas were in Hittie Kingdom,possibly they had a hand in forming the Hittie Empire.
This is a speculation I have in the light of many of the Hitties customs and the depiction of a chariot running over a man.
In the Tamil Classics, King Manu Needhi Chola ran his son down by his chariot because his son ran over a calf and because the cow had complained of this to him by ringing the bell set up by the king for the people to let him know of their problems!
It wasn’t until explorer Charles Texier stumbled upon ruins he had hoped belonged to an ancient Roman city that history would gradually begin to allow the Hittites to take their rightful place. Texier made his discovery in the isolated village of Bogazköy, in central Anatolia, roughly half way between Ankara and Sivas. The year was 1834. Though he didn’t know it at the time, he had in fact discovered the imperial Hittite city of Hattusa. However, the road to understanding the Hittites would prove to be a long one.
Stones covered with mysterious hieroglyphs were being discovered in northern Syria and all over Anatolia and they seemed to relate to the hieroglyphs found at the Hattusa site. Archaeologists were beginning to consider the possibility that these hieroglyphs belonged to an ancient forgotten empire. In 1880, English Assyriologist Archibald Sayce shocked the world with his announcement that this empire and the Hittites of the Old Testament were one and the same people.
Excavations at the site did not start until 1906, and tablets found in the Hittite’s cuneiform language revealed a surprising twist. The language of the Hittites belonged to the Indo-European languages with the Hittite word for water (‘watar’) for instance uncannily resembling English and German, leading to speculation that the Hittites may originally have migrated from Europe. Other theories, however, claim that Indo-European languages originated elsewhere, perhaps even in Anatolia itself. Whatever the truth may be, English and a host of other languages can thus be traced back to a single root hidden somewhere in the darkness of prehistory..
‘Excavations at a mound known as Topraktepe indicate Hittite settlement in the area as early as 2600 BC, though little is known of Sivas’ history prior to its emergence in the Roman period. In 64 BC as part of his reorganization of Asia Minor after the Third Mithridatic War, Pompey the Great founded a city on the site called “Megalopolis”. Numismatic evidence suggests that Megalopolis changed its name in the last years of the 1st century BC to “Sebaste”, which is the feminine form of the Greek name corresponding to Augustus. The name “Sivas” is the Turkish version deriving from the name Sebasteia, as the city was known during late Roman empire. Sebasteia became the capital of the province of Armenia Minor under the emperorDiocletian, was a town of some importance in the early history of the Christian Church; in the 4th century it was the home of Saint Blaise and Saint Peter of Sebaste, bishops of the town, and of Eustathius, one of the early founders of monasticism in Asia Minor. It was also the place of martyrdom of the Forty Martyrs of Sebaste, also 4th century. Justinian I had a fortified wall around it rebuilt in the 6th century…
…’Historian Christopher Scarre describes Hattusa as “a vast fortress-city sprawling over the rocky terrain, with craggy citadels and elaborate temples. It became the center of a powerful empire that covered not only most of Anatolia but also at times extended far to the south, into Syria and the Levant” (206). Hattusa was originally founded by the Hatti (an aboriginal tribe of Anatolia) in 2500 BCE, and their culture may have provided the basis for that of the Hittites. This very important complex and those who built it along with their vast empire, however, remained almost unknown until their writings were discovered, first by the Irish missionary William Wright in 1884 CE, and then by the German archaeologist Hugo Winckler in 1906 CE. By the year 1912 CE, Winckler “had recovered 10,000 clay tablets from the Hittite royal archives” (Scarre & Fagan, 206). These tablets, on which they had recorded their history and transactions, were deciphered relatively quickly.
Sivas (Armenian: Սեբաստիա; Latin: Sebastia, Sebastea, Sebasteia, Sebaste) is a city in central Turkey and the seat of Sivas Province. According to a 2011 estimate, its urban population is 425,297.
The city, which lies at an elevation of 4,193 feet (1,278 m) in the broad valley of the Kızılırmak river, is a moderately-sized trade center and industrial city, although the economy has traditionally been based on agriculture. Rail repair shops and a thriving manufacturing industry of rugs, bricks, cement, and cotton and woolen textiles form the mainstays of the city’s economy. The surrounding region is a cereal-producing area with large deposits of iron ore which are worked at Divriği.
Sivas is also a communications hub for the north-south and east-west trade routes to Iraq and Iran, respectively. With the development of railways, the city gained new economic importance as junction of important rail lines linking the cities of Ankara,Kayseri, Samsun, and Erzurum. The city is linked by air to Istanbul.