Thiruvannamalai is about a Billion years old,Tirupati 2100 Million Years, An archeological site near Chennai containing Advanced Tamil Civilization, Agastya crossed Vindhyas around 5000 BC,
Tamil language is estimated to be 74, 0000 years old(It should be dated earlier on the available evidence) and they quote the Vedas, they in turn Tamil!
Yet we would date the Rig Veda around 5000 BC!
Now there is a find in Rakhigarhi, Haryana which is dated around 6000 BC.
Well, some people might be happy to date Indian History by 1600 AD when the British came to India!
Latest research has put the date of the origin of the Indus Valley Civilisation at 6,000 years before Christ, which contests the current theory that the settlements around the Indus began around 3750 BC.
Ever since the excavations at Harappa and Mohenjo-daro in the early 1920s, the civilisation was considered almost as old as those of Egypt and Mesopotamia.
The finding was announced at the “International Conference on Harappan Archaeology”, recently organised by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) in Chandigarh.
Based on their research, BR Mani, ASI joint director general, and KN Dikshit, former ASI joint director general, said in a presentation: “The preliminary results of the data from early sites of the Indo-Pak subcontinent suggest that the Indian civilisation emerged in the 8th millennium BC in the Ghaggar-Hakra and Baluchistan area.”
“On the basis of radio-metric dates from Bhirrana (Haryana), the cultural remains of the pre-early Harappan horizon go back to 7380 BC to 6201 BC.”
Excavations had been carried out at two sites in Pakistan and Bhirrana, Kunal, Rakhigarhi and Baror in India.
The Harappan or Indus Valley Civilisation is one of the three oldest urban civilisations, along with Egypt and Mesopotamia, but it is the least understood. Its script is yet to be deciphered, and the knowledge of social structures and life during that period is scant. Rakhigarhi promises to change this as new discoveries continue to be made. It is one of the few Harappan sites which has an unbroken history of settlement—Early Harappan farming communities from 6000 to 4500 BC, followed by the Early Mature Harappan urbanisation phase from 4500 to 3000 BC, and then the highly urbanised Mature Harappan era from 3000 BC to the mysterious collapse of the civilisation around 1800 BC. That’s more than 4,000 years of ancient human history packed into its rich soil.
Until now, experts believed that Mohenjo-daro in Pakistan was the largest among the 2,000 Harappan sites known to exist in India, Pakistan and Afghanistan. The archaeological remains at Mohenjo-daro extend around 300 hectares. However, with the discovery of two more mounds, adding to the seven mounds already discovered, the total area of the archaeological site of Rakhigarhi now measures 350 hectares. The two newly-discovered mounds spread over 25 hectares each and are situated to the east and west of the main site. Unfortunately, much of the mounds have been destroyed for cultivation.
The Indus Valley Tradition is divided into four eras, and each era can be divided into various phases. A phase is an archaeological unit possessing traits sufficiently characteristic to distinguish it from all other units similarly conceived Each phase can be subdivided into interaction systems.
|Date range (BCE)||Phase||Era|
|7570-6200||Bhirrana (aceramic Neolithic)||Early Food Producing Era|
|7000-5500||Mehrgarh I (aceramic Neolithic)|
|5500-3300||Mehrgarh II-VI (ceramic Neolithic)||Regionalisation Era
|3300-2800||Harappan 1 (Ravi Phase)|
|2800-2600||Harappan 2 (Kot Diji Phase, Nausharo I, Mehrgarh VII, Rakhigarhi)|
|2600-1900||Mature Harappan (Indus Valley Civilization)||Integration Era|
|2600-2450||Harappan 3A (Nausharo II)|
|1900-1300||Late Harappan (Cemetery H); Ochre Coloured Pottery||Localisation Era|
|1300-300||Painted Gray Ware, Northern Black Polished Ware (Iron Age)||Indo-Gangetic Tradition|