Had some one informed our leaders that our current National Motto,Sayameva Jayate, Truth Alone Triumphs, is from Mundaka Upanishad, it might not have been chosen as our emblem!
Such is the attitude to our Motherland, deeply immersed we are in western thoughts.
What do our Scriptures say about Mother Land and our duty to it?
Many, on an overdrive to honour Hinduism, quote,
‘“Janani Janma-bhoomi-scha Swargadapi Gariyasi”
Translated as “Mother and motherland are superior to Heaven.”
It is also reported that this verse appears in the Ramayana in the form of a dialogue between Rama and Lakshmana, and the quote is attributed to Rama(Yudddha Kanda)
This is incorrect.
The verse’s origin is unknown.
It may be noted that this verse is the National Motto of Nepal.
What do Vedas and the Ithihasas, Ramayana and Mahabharata say on Motherland and Patriotism!
The attitude of Sanatana Dharma to world is,
The whole world is Vasudeva’s(Krishna) Family.
Mata ca Parvati Devi Pita Devo Maheswaraha,
Baandavaa Siva Bhaktaasca,
Swadeso Bhuvana thrayam'(Shankaraccharya)
Shiva is my Father,
Parvati, my mother,
devotees of Shiva are my relatives,
The whole world, the three worlds, is Mine’
Tamil, another anient language of India says,
Every land is mine,
Every one is my friend’
Such being the approach, one does not find any direct reference to Motherland.
For Hinduism, even thinking of anything less than the Universe is an aberration.
Every thing in the Universe belongs to every one.
Hence every one must be Happy.
All Shanthi Mantras insist on this point.
It is not just land, but state/society is also praised as mother-goddess by the Veda. The mother says “aham rastrii” in the thirdmantra of Vaagaambhrini sukta (mandala 10, sukta 25 of Rigveda). She further says she causes wellbeing and prosperity of the peoples, all actions of men and gods are inspired by her, and she is the purpose of those actions.
Moreover, Bharatavarsha covered he entire world.
Hindus have the concept of state and society right from remote past. The concept of nation was not prevalent in the world a few centuries ago, except in Bharat. But the sense was not political/ military in nature – it was cultural and spiritual.
Actions of every individual affect the society and every change in the society affects individuals. The actions that are inspired by this awareness are beneficial to individuals as well as the society. If that awareness is lacking, then individual interests alone inspire people’s actions and individuals’ vision becomes narrow. Then, though their actions are apparently beneficial in the short run, in the long run and at a society level their consequences can be harmful. The actions of people treating society as a goddess do not suffer from such shortcomings.
We have Sukhtas devoted to Earth, Bhusuktha, and Neelasuktha.
ELA SARASWATI MAHI TISRO DEVIRMAYO BHUVAHA BARHIHI SEEDANTVA STRIDHAHA ||
|The 3 goddesses Earth, Saraswati and Vani are the givers of happiness who never become less. They are seated on their seats.One should regularly worship your motherland, the basic culture and the mother tongue because they are givers of happiness. That person who has a humanistic approach towards his land, civilization and Vani realises the greatness and he acquires all the happiness. He should indulge in those types of deeds that make the motherland, the culture and language proud.|
(4) GARHAPATYEN SANTYA RITUNA YAGYANIRASI ||
|The householders who can do good work only if he remains like seasons.If a person (householder) moulds himself alike a season and indulges in the Karma of householder then only shall he acquire happiness. One should understand the meaning of seasons and should love his family. As a result he shall benefit monetarily and materially. A householder who practices restraint in taking care of his family only shall acquire family happiness and achieve higher social status.|
(5) DEVAN DEVYATE YAGYA
|A person who desires godliness should worship gods.
A person who desires godliness should respect scholars. By doing so they can attain some knowledge and can be inspired to do good Karma. By attaining godliness one shall be blessed with happiness and growth.
(6) YUVAKU HI SHACHINAM, YUVAKU SUMATINAM BHUYAM VAJADANNAMA ||
May all our energies become one and may all the good thoughts come together and may we become the greatest amongst the mighty.
Scholars who are intelligent, valiant who are brave, and business person who donate food, if come together and have no difference of opinion then the nation shall grow.
The intelligent on the basis of their knowledge shall become mighty and great as a result of the fusion of food and energy.