First Vietnam King A Tamil Thirumaran, Kiu Lien

I have written articles on Sri Lanka,Indonesia, Malaysia,Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, Japan, Fiji,New Zealand and Australian

connection to Tamils/Sanatana Dharma.

The first Vietnam King seems to have been a Tamil Pandya King, Thirumaran.


The spread of Bharatavarsha throughout the world is a fact for those who study History with an open mind.

All the languages of India had/has a agreat role to play in the evolution of Santana Dharma.

As I know only Sanskrit and Tamil, I am writing on the basis of information available in these languages.

Wish I knew more languages!

Flags Of Tamil Kings.jpg
Flags Of Tamil Kings.

Tamil ,as one reads History and Sanskrit from Indian sources, would know, it runs parallel to Sanskrit.

I have written quite a few articles on this subject.

The Tamils were followers of Sanatana Dharam and i m of the view that the Sanatana Dharma of the Dravidas,the South of India,preceded the one in North India.

Please refer my posts on this.

I shall be posting a series on Sanatana Dharma Shiva where I shall deal with this subject in detail.

The Kingdom of the Tamils extended beyond the shores both in the West and the East.

Many Western civilisations have their Tamil roots.

It seems the East has its share too.

I have written articles on  Sri Lanka,Indonesia, Malaysia,Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, Japan, Fiji,New Zealand and Australian

connection to Tamils/Sanatana Dharma.

The first Vietnam King seems to have been a Tamil Pandya King, Thirumaran.

The first king in Vietnam was known by the name Sri Maran. Translated in to Tamil it is Thiru Maran. We knew several Pandya kings by these names through inscriptions and Tamil Cankam literature. The oldest Sanskrit inscription discovered in Vietnam mentions the name Sri Maran. Unfortunately we did not get the complete inscription. Most of it is not legible.
The inscription is known as Vo-Chanh Inscription. It was inscribed on a rock as two parts. This is about the donation made by the family of the king Sri Maran. We have fifteen lines on one part of the rock and seven more lines on the other side. Of these only nine lines are readable. Scholars who took a copy of the inscription say the poetry part is in Vasantha Thilaka metre in Sanskrit and rest is in prose.
The king donated all his property to the people who were close to him and ordered that it should be honoured by the future kings. The inscription ends abruptly. But we could read the words ‘Sri Mara raja kula’ very clearly. Though we couldn’t get much information about this king from other sources, Chinese historians confirmed that the Hindu empire that existed in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia started with Sri Maran.
Chinese historians named Thiru Maran as Kiu Lien and said that he captured Champa following a revolt. Champa was part of modern Vietnam. The French scholars who excavated most of the South East Asian sites have identified Kiu Lien as Sri Maran. All the kings’ names who followed Sri Maran were in Chinese style and beyond recognition. The revolt started in AD 132 against Chinese and Sri Maran ruled from AD 192.But the kings’ names end with Fan (in Chinese) which is nothing but Varman. As a surprising co incidence we have both Varman and Maran names in the Pandyan Kingdom in Tamil Nadu.
There are more than 800 Sanskrit inscriptions in South East Asia. Mula Varman was another king whose inscription was found in the thick jungle of Borneo (Indonesia).
Now let us look at the Tamil literature to get some corroborative evidence. The last king who ruled during the second Tamil Academy (Second Tamil Sangam) was Thiru Maran. When a tsunami struck his capital he moved his capital to the present day Madurai. May be he or his representative might have ruled Vietnam.
Velvikkudi Copper Plate inscription also mentions Thiru Maran, Sri Maran as titles for a few kings. The king who ruled during the days of Tolkappiyar also had the title Thiru. He was Nilam Tharu Thiruvil Pandyan.

Another early Champa king was Bhadravarman, who ruled from 349-361CE. His capital was the citadel of Simhapura or ‘Lion City,’ now called Tra Kieu. Badravarman built a number of temples, conquered his rivals, ruled well and in his final years abdicated his throne and spent his last days in India on the banks of the Ganges River.

Historic Champa was divided into five regions. Indrapura (present-day Dong Duong) served as the religious center of the kingdom; Amaravati is the present day Quong Nam province; Vijya is now Cha Ban; Kauthara is the modern Nha Trang; and Panduranga is known today simply as Phan. Panduranga was the last Cham territory to be conquered by the Sino-Vietnamese.


Author: ramanan50

Retired Senior Management Professional. Lectures on Indian Philosophy,Hinduism, Comparative Religions. Researching Philosophy, Religion. Free lance Writer.Blogger

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