Valmiki Wrote A Poem In Purananuru?

The interaction between Tamils and Sanatana Dharma is indisputable to those who know both.

I have written quite a few articles on this.

Valmiki .jjpg
Valmiki Maharishi

Now coming to Valmiki the composer of Ramayana, I had written that he was a Siddha.

Link provided before the close of the Post.

Now there some references that speak of Valmiki having written a Verse in Purananuru, belonging to the Sangam Era.

References to Kapila and Valmiki are found in these Tamil Classics.

I shall be writing on Kapila later.

It is a seven line poem found by Dr U.V.Swaminatha Iyer in the old palm leaf compilations of Puranauru. It bears the poet’s name as “Vaanmeekiyaar” or VaanmIkaiyaar” in different palm leaves. Both are the Tamilsed forms of Vaalmiki. As a mark of respect, a suffix “aar” is added to the name. Therefore Valmiki +aar = Valmikiyaar in Tamil. The verse is as follows:

பரிதி சூழ்ந்த விப்பயன்கேழு மாநிலம்
ஒரு பகல் எழுவர் எய்தியற்றே
வையமும் தவமும் தூக்கிற்றவக்துக்
கையவி யனைத்து மாற்றா தாகலிர்
கைவிட்டனரே காதலர் அதனால்
விட்டோரை விடாள் திருவே
விடாதோர் இவள் விடப்பட்டோரே ” Purananuru Verse 358.

Meaning in Tamil

இந்த உலகம் எல்லாப்பக்கங்களிலும் சூரியனால் சூழப்பட்டு, அதாவதுஅதன் ஒளியால் சூழப்பட்டு, அந்த சூரியன் பொருட்டு கொடுக்கப்படும்அவிப்பயனையும் பெற்று, ஒரு பகலில் ஏழு பேர்களால் (ஏழுஓரைகள்) அடையப்படுகிறது. அப்படிப்பட்ட இந்த உலகத்தின்பொருட்டு கிடைக்கின்ற பயனையும், தவத்தின் பயனையும், ஒருதராசில் எடை பார்த்தால், உலக இன்பத்தால் கிடைக்கும் பயன், ஒருவெண்சிறுகடுகளவும் இருக்காது. அதனால் காதலர்கள் (காதலர் = வீடுபேறு விரும்புவோர்). உலக இன்பத்தைக் கைவிட்டனர். அப்படிவிட்டவர்களை திரு என்னும் லக்ஷ்மியானவள் கைவிட மாட்டாள்.ஆனால் உலக இன்பங்களை விடாதவர்களை லக்ஷ்மியானவள் கைவிட்டு விடுவாள்.

In the Tamil grammar rules for poetry, this verse has been classified under the main heading “Householder’s dharma” (Gruhastha dharma) and the sub heading of a diametrically opposite theme of “Asceticism” (Sanyasa Dharma)! The meaning of this verse explains this strange combination. It is as follows:

“This World surrounded on all sides by the brilliance of Sun, accepts the offerings made to the Sun (god) and attains benefits with the efforts of Seven persons (horas) in the day. If we judiciously compare such benefits attained by this World  and the benefits of penance, the benefits got by the World would be trivial. Therefore, lovers (desirous of Eternal bliss or Moksham) would forego Worldly pleasures. Such people are never deserted by Sri (Lakshmi). But those who are after Worldly pleasures, would be deserted by Her”

It is of interst to note that there is a Temple in Thiruvanmiyur, Chennai where the presiding Deity is Vanmikanathar, a form of Shiva.


Lord Marundeeswarar is known so because he imparted sage Agastya on curative properties of various herbs and plants.Since then the Marundeeswarar temple has been a place of worship for people with diseases and various problems with their health. It is said that even The Sage Valmiki, who wrote The Ramayana, came here to The Marundeeswarar temple to worship The Lord.Sage Valmiki was said to be blessed here. After this incident, this place was to be known as Thiruvalmikiyur, the name gradually changed to Thiruvanmiyur. There is a place present in Thiruvanmiyur called Valmiki Nagar in his honour. There is also a temple built for Sage Valmiki in the middle of the East Coast Road, very close to the Marundeeswarar temple. The lingam for which Lord Hanuman performed pooja, The lingam(meenakshi sundareswarar) that cured the curse of Lord Indra, the Lingam for which SaintBharadwaja performed pooja are present here. Markandeyar performed a penance and prayed to Lord Shiva here, Lord Brahma is believed to have conducted a festival here for lord Shiva.


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