The references found in the Vedic Texts, Vedas, Puranas and the Ithihasa ,Ramayana and Mahabharata offer three levels of understanding .
One is that they are historical, as validated by archaeology and Carbon Dating.
The second is that ,taking into consideration of the Theory of Circular Time, and coordinating the Quantum Theory of Multi Verse, one can say that the events mentioned in the Hindu texts are happening even now simultaneously at the three aspects of Time, Past,present and future.
And there is the third interpretation.
The events narrated in the Hindu texts convey abstract philosophical and Physical truths.
It is in this context I am writing this Post.
There are references to the Tripura Samhara, The Destruction of three cities by Lord Shiva.
As a Historical fact, there are two theories about the location of Tripura.
One is in the Arctic and the another is in Atlantis.
For details read here .
The landmass we find today as Malay Peninsula was a cluster of islands in South-East Asia.
It consists of Malay peninsula, Java, Sumatra, Borneo and other surrounding areas.
They were a single landmass about 22,000 years ago.
Research by Glenn Milne and Graham Hancock have shown that these islands were not islands but were connected as a huge land mass some 22,000 years ago.
The sea level was 150 meters lower than what we find now and hence was inhabited by people.
This land was given the Name Sundaland.
An ancient volcano located in Sundaland erupted about 73,000 years ago caused a wide-spread devastation of mankind and other life.
The scale of devastation was such that the volcanic ash spread as far as the Arabian sea covering most parts of South India by a few meters.
The red spot in the above picture is the location of Mt Toba and the blue spots are the regions where ash deposits have been identified. Due to the wind direction at the time of eruption, the ash had spread towards west of Indonesia.
Recent excavations in Jwalapuram, in Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh showed that this village which had an human dwelling at that time (73,000 years ago) was covered with the ash of Mt Toba.
‘Jwala’ in Sasnkrit means .Tongues of Flame.
Genetic studies reveal that almost all of mankind vanished then but for a small group from which the current population of the globe has come up.
Tripura means three sides or anything that is three. One can explain it at any level – physical, philosophical etc.
But after coming to know of the Sunda land and the eruption of Mt Toba, the story of Tripura Samhara shows a geological event.The names associated with Tripura samhara bear unique resemblance to the way a Super Volcano was maturing to erupt.
There was a Tarakasura who was killed by Karthikeya.
Tara means star.
Karthikeya is derived from a meaning ‘fire’ or ‘cut’.
A star or star like glowing material was absorbed by Fire (Agni) is the import of this.
After the death of Tarakasura, his three sons,
Tarakaksha, Vidyunmali and Makalaksha did penanceto become terrific fortresses.
Tarakaksha means star-eyed, Vidyunmali means one wreathed in lightening and Kamalaksha means lotus eyed (red in colour).
They formed 3 cities which were continuously rotating.
The cities were made of iron at the bottom, silver above that and gold on top.
They were fierce and kept rotating thereby tormenting the people.
They were called the Tripura Asuras.
This description of the Tripura asuras (3 sided asuras) tallies with that of an active volcano.
The initial Volcano, Tarakasura had spewed fire (killed by Karthikeya).
But that was not the end of the Volcano.
It kept being active by being star like sparks (Tarakaksha), lightening (Vidyunmali) and red in color (kamalaksha)…
The magma underneath had been so volatile that it is described as though the 3 layers of molten minerals of iron, silver and gold were rotating all the time…
The Danavas including Maya was present at the time Tripura was fuming!
The torment caused by Tripura was unbearable that the Devas asked Shiva to kill him.
He did so by using a single arrow.
The killing of Tripura by Shiva was described as Tripura samhara.
The exact process of killing is described in the Sangam Tamil text called Paripadal
which is an exact description of the destruction caused by a Volcano.
Paripadal – 5 says
Naaga – snake
naaNaa – as the string (of the bow)
malai – mountain
villaaka – as the bow
moovakai – 3 types
aareyil – walls (fortresses)
Orazal – a single streak of fire
ambin muLiya – at the end of an arrow – killed
Shiva killed Tripura with the mountain as the arrow and the snakes (mantle / magma) as the string, he blew the 3 fortresses of iron, silver and gold (molten material) by shooting a single arrow which has fire at its end.
The snakes – as we told before – personify the magma trying to come out.
This describes the sudden and powerful eruption of fire and mantle from inside the mountain (volcano) which resulted in the complete collapse of the volcano.
To depict it pictorially, here is the image of how a volcano looks when it bursts.
Sundaland (also called the Sundaic region) is a biogeographical region of Southeastern Asia which encompasses the Sunda shelf, the part of the Asian continental shelf that was exposed during the last ice age. The last glacial period, popularly known as the Ice Age, was the most recent glacial period within the current ice age occurring during the last years of the Pleistocene, from approximately 110,000 to 12,000 years ago. It included the Malay Peninsula on the Asian mainland, as well as the large islands of Borneo,Java, and Sumatra and their surrounding islands. The eastern boundary of Sundaland is the Wallace Line, identified by Alfred Russel Wallace as the eastern boundary of the range of Asia’s land mammal fauna, and thus the boundary of the Indomalaya and Australasia ecozones. The islands east of the Wallace line are known as Wallacea, and are considered part of Australasia.
Citation and reference.