Hinduism Is Mathematics Fibonacci Golden Ratio In Meru

Philosophical enquiry needs an  analytic  Mathematical Mind.

One would notice that most of the Great Philosophers of the world have also been great Mathematicians.

Rene Descartes, Leibniz,Spinoza,Siddhas of India,Pingala, Arya Bhatta, Varaha Mihira….

It is easy for a Mathematician to understand Nature which is mathematically constructed.

Every atom to an elephant is made mathematically.

There is Uniformity and Rhythm in Nature.

This applies to actions and reactions.

The term Rta is dealt separately in Hinduism.

This means order.

Please read my post on this.

Another point in Hinduism is what is in Macrocosm is in Microcosm and vice versa.

What is found in the Universe is found in Man.

For example,

The ratio 1:1.618 is a golden ratio which is found all over the cosmos. Stick out your forefinger. The ratio from the first two bones is 1:1.618. Now the ratio between the 2nd middle bone and the third bone terminating at the knuckle is also 1:1.618.  The ration from your navel to top of your head and bottom of your feet is also 1:1.618

This is called the Fibonacci Ratio.

Fibonacci Ratio in Leaves

Arrangements of the leaves

Fibonacci Ration in Leaves.Image.jpg
Fibonacci Ration in Leaves.

Also, many plants show the Fibonacci numbers in the arrangements of the leaves around their stems. If we look down on a plant, the leaves are often arranged so that leaves above do not hide leaves below. This means that each gets a good share of the sunlight and catches the most rain to channel down to the roots as it runs down the leaf to the stem.
The computer generated ray-traced picture here is created by my brother, Brian.

Leaves per turn

The Fibonacci numbers occur when counting both the number of times we go around the stem, going from leaf to leaf, as well as counting the leaves we meet until we encounter a leaf directly above the starting one.

If we count in the other direction, we get a different number of turns for the same number of leaves.

The number of turns in each direction and the number of leaves met are three consecutive Fibonacci numbers!

Fibonacci Number in Mount Meru


Mount Meru is an actual and sacred mountain in Tanzania/Arctic, it is also the name given to the Fibonacci series in the Maatraameru (Mountain of Cadence) written by Pingala in the Chhandah-shastra (Art of Prosody) around 450 BC. In this writing, it was organized as a pyramid, today known as Pascal’s triangle, like this:

Mount Meru In Numbers.photot.jpg
Mount Meru In Numbers

Kubera was revered as the chief of the Guhyakas and was the ‘king of kings’, the ‘god’ and ‘guardian of the North’. The word Guhyakas comes from the word ‘godha’ (root gudh or guh), meaning chameleon – a dragon-serpent. It seems that in Hindu mythology, ‘god’ is a ‘naga’ or ‘dragon serpent’ who lives at the top of Mount Meru and hides a golden treasure.

Thus we find that God is associated in ancient Hindu mythology with the infinite and irrational golden ratio at the center of a Fibonacci spiral symbolized as a mountain, pyramid or perhaps an infinite spiraling vortex (like the Hindu Schwass-tika). Further reading on the subject describes Mt. Meru as home to all of the gods, closely resembling the Biblical concept of a heaven paved with gold.

As one last note, in Vedic astrology, Kubera’s golden treasure is guarded by Shukra, which is the Hindu name for the planet Venus. Shukra is then celebrated in a specific month in the Hindu calendar called JyeshTha, corresponding to May-June.

One would find he same in Carnatic Music and Bharata Natya.

More to follow.


Journal of the American Oriental Society, Volume 33 by E. W. Hopkins, 1918.

2. The Golden Mean and the Physics of Aesthetics, Subhash Kak, Archive of Physics: physics/0411195, 2004

http://www.hinduism.co.za/anahata.htm#Fibonacci Fingers?

3 thoughts on “Hinduism Is Mathematics Fibonacci Golden Ratio In Meru

  1. I really appreciate your post Mr. Ramanan …….. this proved to be really useful to me
    please give some more points I am in an urgent need to create a project.


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