I have written as to how the Celts declare themselves as the Tribes/Peoples of Danu, Danube being a River in memory of Danu, wife of Sage Kashyapa.
Also that there is an ancient cave found in Germany, containing the figure of Narasimha,Lord Vishnu’s Avatar.
Now there is more about Hindu Gods and Goddesses in the western Pantheon.
Lord Shiva is worshiped as Goddess Ziva by the Slav People of Poland, Czechoslavakia, East Germany.
She is also called Shiwa,and in modern Polish Sheeva.
Other forms of the names are Sivve, Shiwa, Sieba, Syeba, Siba and Dsiva.(Znayenko, pp. 75, 220).
She is the Goddess of Life Offspring and Fertility .
Fridays are sacred to Her.
Twelve Fridays of a year are marked for Her worship.(Hubbs, p. 117).
The meaning of the word Siva is Auspiciousness, Mangalam.
Shiva is not to be confused with Rudra, as Amsa of Shiva.
Rudra is the chief of the Ekadasa Rudras.
He is described as Ferocious and anger prone.
Sri Rudram starts with,
‘On namo Bhagavate Rudraaya,
My Salutations to Rudra,
who is the embodiment of anger,
My Salutaions to Him’
He is the god of Destruction, while Braham is the God of Creation, Vishnu the Protector.
Shiva is different as Vishnu is different from Narayana.
Shiva has five functions.
Srushti(Creation), Stithi(Protection or Maintanence), Samahara(Destruction). Thirodhaaana(Hiding) and Anugraha( Benevolence).
Shiva is the Kinetic energy while Sakthi is the potentian Energy.
Shiva without Sakthi is useless.
In Tamil there is a saying Shiva without Sakthi(in Tamil this word also means Power) is a Sava, A corpse.
It is Sakthi who contributes to the Power of Shiva.
Lalitha Sahasranama calls Her as,
pancha Pretha Manchaathi Saayini’ one who rests on Five Corpses.
Please read my post onDevi worship on the meaning of this.
This sakthi is a part of Shiva and occupies the Left side of Shiva.
This is seen in Ardhanaareswara Form of Shiva.
Bhavani is an Amsa of Sakthi.
The word Bhavani springs from the Sanskrit word “BHU, BHUVA ,-“to live, be, exist”
It also means “being, existence’
This alludes to Being, Being Born, offspring and fertility.
n Slovakia, the equivalent to Siva is life-goddess Zivena, who is counterposed with chief god Praboh (Jones and Pennick, p. 187). His name means “(original) primitive god” (Konus, p. 906).
Interrelated Sanskrit words:
PRA- (prefix): “before, in front”, and therefore, “first, original”; BHU, #1 BHU’, #2 BHU’: “becoming, being, produced, live”. All are the root words of BHAVA/BHAVANI
—PRA-BHU*, “excelling, powerful, lord”, a name of Shiva.
The name itself means “before-living”, in other words, “original God”.
It obtains the concept of “excelling, powerful” exactly in the same way that Eng. PRIME implies “the best”.
—PRA-BHU/PRA-[root] BHU-, -BHAVATI, “originate from, be powerful/master.”
—PRA-BHAVA*, “excelling, production, origin, Creator (“might, power”=PRA-BHAVA) (Monier-Williams)
A picture of Siva shows her with a sun-disk behind her head (admittedly, not an unusual occurrence for ancient deities). And there is mention of Siwa/Syuna, a goddess of the Western Polabi (Hastings, vol. 11, p. 594).
“There persisted another religious rite more closely related to Procopius’s account of the veneration of nymphs. This religion appears to have had no organized priesthood. It revolved around the goddess called Zhiva by the Elbe Slavs.
The ceremonies were performed by the whole community in the depths of the forests [like the Baiga and Savaras of Northern India, who believe fully in forest spirits. (Hastings, vol. 2, p. 333; vol. 7, p. 214}] and in places where land and water met. (Hubbs, pp.12-13).
“Chroniclers, who confirm Procopius’s earlier observations, refer to the river, lake, and forest nymphs as BEREGINY.” (from BEREGINA, “earth, shore”). BEREGINY represent the fertility goddesses (Ibid, pp.14-15).
The role of diety of guardianship/family/ household is shared by Bhavani, Prabha and the BEREGINY (Kinsley, pp. 109 and 110; Ann and Imel. p. 291; Hubbs, p. 13).
In a similar vein, Shiva-Bhava is the “presiding diety of the waters” (Gupta, p.15).
Banaras/Benares, known as Shiva’s City, is referred to as the center of Earth, “this shore,” on the Ganges River and is an embodiment of the goddess Kashi (“shining, sun”. Cf. Hebrew names Ziva or Zivah, (“shining, radiant”).
Kashi is a counterpart to Bhavani and is a shakti of Shiva (Eck, pp.159, 418). Kashi is said to sit above the earth as a crossing place between earth and the “far shore” of the transcendant Brahman. (Eck, pp. 6, 35).
It is said that, when one dies, Shiva whispers the “ferryboat mantra”, or mantra of the crossing (Eck, p. 331).
This compares with Slavic concepts of the dead traveling across an ocean with a conductor to guide the deceased. Likewise, the Slavic Siva is connected with the life/death cycle. (Ann and Imel, p. 73).
Compare Slavic SHIVAYA/ZHIVAYA VODA (various sources give different spellings), “living water”, which brings dead people back to life; and MERTVAYA VODA, “dying water”, which makes a living person dead (Professor A. Babyonyshev, email).
The “dying water” heals all wounds on the corpse of the deceased, and then the sprinkling of “living water” bring it to life.
And in the Kanjar tribe, Bhavani is worshipped along with the goddess Prabha, “light” (Hastings, vol. 7, p.653).
This word is associated with a sun-disk (Monier-Williams, p. 683).
The Kanjar use a protector-exorcist called a SYAANAA (“wise one”) to propitiate bad spirits (Hastings, vol. 7, p. 653).
Neither the Kanjar nor the followers of Siva had any formal priesthood (Hubbs, pp. 13, 14; Hastings, vol. 7, p
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