Shiva Family Member Pandya King 3 BC Led Elephants Mahabharata

The study of the epigraph found in Tamil Nadu give out a mine of information , not only of the Tamil Kings,Tamil Culture, but of the Sanatana dharma itself.

One of the oldest epigraphy found at Chinnamanur, Tamil Nadu , the epigraph speak of the deeds of the early Pandya Kings.

These Kings ruled between thrid Century BC to 1345.

They refer to the Pandyan Kings s having descended from the Lunar Dynasty.

Chinnamanur epigraph.jpg
Chinnamanur Pplates, Tamil Nadu speaks of Tamil kings and Sanatana Dharma.

* The image states , in Tamil, that the Pandya Kings /Poets conclave Tamil Sangam had established a separate shrine for the Poets in Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple and the Mahabharata was translated in Tamil

They had two fishes as their emblem.

Of fighting with Indra,

Sage Agastya as their family Preceptor.

Lord Shiva ss their Family member,

Defeating Arjuna,

These copper plates are in two languages.

A Portion in Grantha Sanskrit and another Tamil’s earlier form Vattezuthu.

Brahmi script is also found.

‘These are two of the four sets of Pandya copper plate grants discovered so far and are herein published for the first time.  The Velvikudi grant of Parantaka Nedunjadaiyan has been edited by me in the Epigraphia Indica, Vol. XVII, pp. 291 to 309 and the Madras Museum Plates of Jatilavarman, by the late Rai Bahadur V. Venkayya in the Indian Antiquary, Vol. XXII, pp. 57 to 75.  These four, studied together, furnish a genealogy of the Pandyas from the early king Kadungon, who is said to have flourished at the close of the first Sangam of Tamil poets, down to Rajasimha-Pandya the contemporary of the Chola king Parantaka I, who reigned at the commencement of the 10th century A.D.

One of the Pandya kings is said to have occupied the throne of Indra (v. 4) and another to have shared it with that god, and still another, to have caused the Ten-Headed (i.e., Ravana of Lanka) to sue for peace (v. 5).  One was a conqueror of the epic hero Arjuna (v. 7).  Verse 8 refers to a king who cut off his own head in order to protect that of his master and also to a certain Sundara-Pandya who had mastered all the sciences.  Many kings of this family had performed Vedic sacrifices Rajasuya andAsvamedha (v. 9)….

The Tamil portion which begins with line 76 also praises the Pandya kings who belonged to the lunar race and bore the crest of the double fish, had Agastya as their family preceptor and counted the god (Siva) as one of the their family members.

Other deeds.

(1) churning the ocean for nectar ;

(2) bathing in the waters of the four oceans in a single day ;

(3) going round the earth ;

(4) sending embassy to the gods on many occasions;

(5) taking away the necklace of Pakasasana (Indra) ;

(6) mastering the Tamil language of the south ;

(7) driving away the sea by throwing a javelin ;

(8) giving a thousand golden hills (Meru) in charity ;

(9) founding the town of Madura and erecting a wall round it ;

(10) studying Tamil and Sanskrit (vada-moli) as even to excel Pandits ;

(11) leading elephants in the Bharata war against the Maharathas ;

(12) relieving Vijaya (Arjuna) from the curse of vasu ;..

13) engraving the victorious symbols of the fish, the tiger, and the bow on the top of the Northern mountain, i.e., the Himalayas ;

(14) getting huge giants to work for them in building many tanks ;

(15) cutting off the heads of two kings in the battles fought at Chitramayari and Talaiyalanganam ;

(16) getting the Mahabharata translated into Tamil ; and

(17) establishing the Tamil Sangam in the town of Madurai.


The three Pandya kings Perumbidugu Muttaraiyan alias Kuvavan Maran, his son Ilangovadiyaraiyan alias Maran Paramesvaran, and his son Perumbidugu Muttaraiyan alias Suvaran Maran mentioned in the Sendalai pillar inscriptions of about the 8th century A.D. do not appear in this genealogy.  Theyevidently belonged to a subordinate branch of the family and were perhaps kings of the southern Tanjai country, ruling almost independently of the imperial Pandyas at Madras and sometimes fighting with them.  See Ep. Ind., Vol. XIII, pp. 136 and 137.

[2]  Spelt Chinnamanur in the Alphabetical list of villages  in the Madras Presidency.

[3]  Ep. Ind., Vol. VIII, p. 317 f.

[4]  See Ind. Ant., Vol. XXII, p. 59 and foot-note 4.

[5]  The Tamil portion gives many more of such attributes to the Pandya ancestors; see below p. 443.

[6]  Valmiki-Ramayana, Uttarakanda, chapter 34.

[7]  Valmiki-Ramayana, Uttarakanda, chapter 34.

[8]  Dr. Krishnaswami Ayyangar suggest, however, that Vilveli here may probably be synonymous with Pallava, since Tirumangai-alvar in his Periya-Tirumoli makes Villagan synonymous with Pallava.  But it must be noted that Vilveli is different from Villavan.

[9]  Ep. Ind., Vol. XVII, pp.  298 and 295.

2 thoughts on “Shiva Family Member Pandya King 3 BC Led Elephants Mahabharata

  1. I have mentioned that the Muttariars do not belong to the Pandyas,

    ‘The three Pandya kings Perumbidugu Muttaraiyan alias Kuvavan Maran, his son Ilangovadiyaraiyan alias Maran Paramesvaran, and his son Perumbidugu Muttaraiyan alias Suvaran Maran mentioned in the Sendalai pillar inscriptions of about the 8th century A.D. do not appear in this genealogy.’

    I shall check Prodattur.


  2. There is great misconception about MUTHARAIYAR KINGS. Actually Mutharaiyar in Tamil is actually MUTTARASA in Prakrit/Muduraja in Hale Kannada/Mudiraj in early Telugu. Your statement linking Muttaraiyar with Pandiyan kings is grossly incorrect. Please go through MUDI RAJA WEB site.They have quoted importance evidences for considering Muttarasa as a branch of Andhra Cholas. You first of all go through Prodattur inscription of fifth century AD THE FIRST AND FOREMOST ANCIENT TELUGU INSCRIPTION engraved by NALLADI BHIMA CHOLA who claims descendent from Karikala-the builder of dam across River Cauvery URAGAPURI CHIEFTAIN etc., and extensive inscriptions of early Ganga period hailing him as the most honoured KSHATRIA apart from the events of ERIKAL MUTHURASA alias Nalladi Bhima chola. Nalladi was none other than son of Kochenganan. Muttarasa was the title and refer to any person ruling ANDHRA CHOLA KINGDOM. Thus during the period of NANDHIVARMAN III the title passed on to BANA KING and Parantaka conferred this title to Ganga king PRITHVIPATHI. Perumpidugu Muttaraiyan itself suggests that he was vassal of GANGA PALLAVAS and ANDHRA CHOLAS were feudatories of PALLAVAS AS WELL AS CHALUKYAS. Kumarankuja was one of the illustrious vassal of Nadhivarman III. The term Mudu in Kannada means east as wel as ancient which suggests Andhra Cholas were earliest kings of Deccan with two epithets East as well as ancient. this title MDURAJ is available in all Kannda inscriptions –KADAMBA/GANGA/CHALUKYAS. In your over e nthusiasm to glorify PANDIYAS don’t twist history.


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