Karna City In Yemen Hindu Temples In Aden Yemen

While  I was researching the Middle wast Sanatana Dharma connection I stumbled into the history of Yemen and the fact that the pre-Islamic ancestors of the Middle east were  the Parthians and Sassanians.( I ssall be posting on these Empires)

The Sassanian Empire..jpg
Asia in 600 CE, showing the Sassanid Empire before the Arab conquest. “Persia 600ad” by Thomas Lessman (Contact!) – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Persia_600ad.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Persia_600ad.jpg

‘During Minaean rule, the capital was at Karna (now known as Sa’dah). Their other important city was Yathill (now known as Baraqish). The Minaean Kingdom was centered in northwestern Yemen, with most of its cities lying along Wādī Madhab. Minaean inscriptions have been found far afield of the Kingdom of Maīin, as far away as al-Ūlā in northwestern Saudi Arabia and even on the island of Delos and Egypt. It was the first of the Yemeni kingdoms to end, and the Minaean language died around 100 C’

Now the Parthians  were from Persia .

Partha is the name of Arjuna and the Puranas state that Arjuna conquered Persia.

The Sassanians were  from the Empire of Iran, Persia before Islam took over.

The Sassanians .

Some of the recent excavations have discovered the Buddhist, Hindu and Jewish religious sites in the empire. Buddhism and Hinduism were competitors of Zoroastrianism inBactria and Margiana.(wiki)

Hence the premise that the Arabs were Nomads and had no known History of Islam is incorrect.

The Arabs were the descendants of Sanatana Dharma, more specifically from Dravida region of India.

I shall be dealing with this when I write on the Pre Islam History of Saudi Arabia..


‘The Indians’ influence can be seen in the architecture of Aden as well as the food, music, and local slang.    An example of such a widely-eaten, Indian food delicacy is zorbian, a spicy rice dish mixed with meat.  Such expressions like “Khabar Dal,” which means “don’t do it again”, “Banis,”  which translates as “cold water” and “Shoki,” or “the police” are all one-time Indian phrases now used commonly.’


Buildings with a distinct Indian character can be spotted in Aden’s old quarters like Tawahi and Crater.

There is also an Indian lane in Crater.

The Alpinaan market, named after an Indian dealer, is widely known within and outside Aden.

In fact, the economic and social impact of the large Indian community so astonished French sociologist Arthur de Gobineau that he remarked about Aden in 1855: “We have seen an Indian city on Arab land.”

According to Massoud Amchosh, professor of comparative literature at the University of Aden, “in the forties of the last century, Aden gained some attributes of Indian cities that distinguish it from the rest of the cities in the Arabian Peninsula”.

1. Shree Hingraj Mataji Mandir: Built sometime in the early 1900s, this temple is located in a picturesque mountainous location in a large cave in the Khusaf Valley, in the Crater area of Aden. This is the only temple in Aden where a regular ‘puja’ or worship is performed by the members of the Indian community every Friday evening. Since the past couple of years a congregation is also held once a month for performing the Ayyappa puja. The day-to-day maintenance of the temple is done by the Indian Association in Aden.

2. ‘Sheikh Othman’ Hanumanji Temple: The temple was built in 1882 and was spread over an area of five acres in the Sheik Othman district. It reportedly used to have a garden with a pool which was used by the devotees for bathing. It also had two lodgings for the Indian community. The temple no longer exists now.

3. Shree Shankar Hanuman Temple: It was built in the nineteenth century and was located inside a large cave in the Dashmi Bazar, Khusaf Valley in the Crater area. The temple no longer exists now.

4. Shree Ramchanderji Temple: This temple was built in 1875 by the Indian military officials and is located near the Police Academy College (Fattha Camp) in the Tawahi district of Aden. The temple is currently in a defence area and is not open to public.

5. Shree Trikamraiji-Haveli Temple: This temple was constructed in 1862 and was located in the Hassan Ali Street of the Crater region. It was called the ‘Haveli Temple’ as it was housed in a double storeyed building with a ‘Bharat Library’ attached to it. Several shops and residences have come up in the area of the temple, but the temple itself is intact and is kept locked.

References and Citation.

Pre -Islamic Arabia

Temple Heritage in Aden

2 thoughts on “Karna City In Yemen Hindu Temples In Aden Yemen

  1. Interesting, but I think you draw the wrong conclusion when you state that the Arabs originated in India. I suspect that you meant that an element of what is now known as an “Arab” migrated from India, and if so, then I agree, whole heartedly. I am referring to the Afar, who even in historical times, dwelt not only in east Africa, but along the southern coast of the Arabian peninsula. I believe they might also be descendants of the ancient Elamites of the Persian gulf. Btw, I truly enjoyed reading your blog, very interesting etc.


    1. Hinduism was present in Arabia much before Islam.{lease check my posts Vikrmdhityas Kingdom,Shiva Ling in Mecca, 786 is flipped OM,Shiva Stuthi(Prayer on Shiva) y Prophet’s Uncle, Ramas Kingdom.Also my posts on Sumeria, Mesapotamia,Elmites and Tamils.Regards


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