I have posted quite a fe articles on the spread of Sanatana Dharma throughout the world with the help of Archeology and Astronomy.
Considering the fact that Sanskrit being the oldest language of Mankind and th earliest Human literature being the Rig Veda, I am trying to find out the Link between Santana Dharma, Hinduism through Sanskrit Etymology.
I have posted blogs on the close Links between various Civilisations and Cultures with Hinduism.
Now to Etymological connection.
One eats the fruit of tree while the order merely watches its companion without eating.
The pippala tree stands for the body.
The first bird represents a being that regards himself as the jivatman or individual self and the fruit it eats signifies sensual pleasure. In the same body (symbolized by the tree) the second bird is to be understood as the Paramatman.
He is the support of all beings but he does not know sensual pleasure.
Since he does not eat the fruit he naturally does not have the same experience as the jivatman (the first).
The Upanisad speaks with poetic beauty of the two birds.
He who eats the fruit is the individual self, jiva, and he who does not eat is the Supreme Reality, the one who knows himself to be the Atman.
It is this jiva that has come to be called Eve in the Hebrew religious tradition. “Ji” changes to “i” according to a rule of grammar and “ja” to “ya”. We have the example of “Yamuna” becoming “Jamuna” or of “Yogindra” being changed to “Joginder “.
In the biblical story “jiva” is “Eve” and “Atma” (or “Atman”) is “Adam”. “Pippala” has in the same way changed to “apple”.
The Tree of Knowledge is our “bodhi-vrksa”. “Bodha” means “knowledge”.
It is well known that the Budhha attained enlightenment under the bodhi tree. But the pipal (pippala) was known as the bodhi tree even before his time.
The story is from the Mundaka Upanishad.
Some famous verses.
- नायमात्मा प्रवचनेन लभ्यो
- न मेधया न बहुना श्रुतेन।
- यमेवैष वृणुते तेन लभ्य-
- स्तस्यैष आत्मा विवृणुते तनूं स्वाम्॥ ३॥
- nāyamātmā pravacanena labhyo
- na medhayā na bahunā śrutena |
- yamevaiṣa vṛṇute tena labhya-
- stasyaiṣa ātmā vivṛṇute tanūṁ svām || 3||
- This Atman cannot be attained through study of the Vedas,
- nor through intelligence, nor through much learning.
- He who is chosen by Atman—by him alone is Atman attained.
- It is Atman that reveals to the seeker Its true nature.
Mundaka Upanishad 3.2.9:
- ब्रह्म विद् ब्रह्मैव भवति ।
- Brahma vid Brahmaiva bhavati ।
- He who knows Brahman becomes Brahman.
Bibilical Story from Upanishad.Citation.