Similarities between Vedic literature, Hinduism and Cuture were noted by Sir William Jones in 1786.
A treaty signed by the Hittites and Mitannis dating to the fourteenth century BC calls upon Indara/Indra, Mitras(il)/Mitra, Nasatianna/Nasatya and Uruvanass(il)/Varuna, all known to Rig-Veda and Avesta.
There were similarities in rituals too. In India, upanayana is a ritual by which a boy becomes a full member of his class. Zoroastrians have a similar ceremony called Navjot which is still practiced by Parsis. The Rig-Veda refers to the drink soma which was drunk at sacrifices and which caused invigorating effects. The Avesta gives physical descriptions of the plant haoma which causes similar effects, though the plant identified as haoma by modern Parsis is a bitter herb which does not get your drunk, but just bitter.
Even though there are similar words like haoma (soma), daha(dasa), hepta (sapta), hindu (sindhu), and Ahura (Asura) in Avesta and Rig-Veda, there are reversals in religious concepts and attributes of Gods. Indra and the devas are demonic in Avesta,and Ahura/asura is considered the highest deity.
At the time of composition of the Vedas, Varuna was losing his importance to Indra. In Avesta, Ahura Mazda is the main divinity and some people think that he is thesame as Varuna. Varuna sat with his spies who flew all around the world and bought back reports on the conduct of mortals. He abhorred sin and loathed evil deeds prompted by anger, drink and gambling.”
1) Rama and Vayu are venerated in the Avesta.
2) Bharata was the Elamite king Warad-Sin.
3) Lakša of PF 69 is a namesake of Lakshmana.
4) King Shutruk-Na–hhunte echoes Shatrughna.
5) Dandakran (PF 666) was the true Dandakaranya.
6) Arya-Ram-ana was an early ancestor of Darius-I
7) Ramannuya (PF1855) was close to Darius-I.
8) The Ram Bazrang were a Kurdish tribe of Fars.
9) The Sasanid ancestor Ram-Behist was a Bazrangi
10) Many Sasanian city-names had the prefix ‘Rama‘.
11) Ramakanam is a place-name in PF 1831.
The study of the Persepolis tablets has yielded much information about important figures like Darius and Parnaka yet crucial data remains unknown due to improper prognosis. Even a meticulous scholar like Hallock failed to note the echo of Rama in the name Ramanuya. The name of the Mitannian king Tushratta echoes Dasharatha, Rama’s father. Chedor La’omer of Genesis 14 corresponds to Kudur Laghumar of the Babylonian texts and Raghupati was Rama’s name.
Rama’s presence in the Indus-Saraswati area is unattested although the frequent symbol of the bow-man in the seals may, in fact, stand for Rama. Post-Islamic Iran also ignores him although his name may be hidden in the many Ram-names like Ramadan, Ram-allah etc.
Fortunately, the Sumerian texts provide priceless data about Rama. The Sumerian king-lists show that Rama was the same as Ram-Sin of Larsa (~18th cent. B.C.) who ruledSumer, Elam, and Indus Saraswati. Although Ram-Sin was deified and his memorial has been found at Ur, his relics are unknown from Elam, said to be his homeland. Rim-Sin (also called Ram-Sin) was the longest ruling monarch (60 years) of Sumer. Ram-Sin’s reign is termed the golden era of Sumer by the great Assyriologist C. J. Gadd. Ram-Sin is called anElamite in the Sumerian texts.’
Romilla Thapar obseves,
” Indo-European speakers had central Asia as their habitat and gradually over many centuries they branched out in search of fresh pastures. According to her, it is these central Asian migrants who wrote the Avesta in Iran and Rig-Veda in India. According to Thapar there is an argument that people who migrated to India were dissidents of the Old Iranian, hence you find a significant reversal of meaning in concepts common to both Avesta and Rig-Veda.”
My study indicates, as I have indicated in many articles, that Lord Rama’s ancestor Satyavrata Manu migrated from the South of India with his sons to Ayodhya to found Ikshvaku Kingdom, Ikshvaku is the son of Manu, because of a Tsunami.
Shiva and His son Ganesha left ,traveled through the middle east,what is now Europe, Africa,Americas,to Arctic and the Rig Veda was composed there.
Then a group left the Arctic and traveled through Russia ,Caucasus, Iran before entering India through the Khyber Pass, which was being mistakenly dubbed as ‘Aryan invasion’
They settled in the Sarasvati valley.
This would account for the Tamil scripts being found in the Sarasvati valley and Harappa.
During their travels, they left a cultural trial behind in all the lands they left.
I have posted articles on all this,under Hinduism.
“Vâyu in the Rig Veda is praised as follows:
– Come hither, O Vâyu, though beautiful one!
These somas are ready, drink
Of them, honour our call!
– O Vâyu, the prayers celebrate thee with hymns,
they who know the
Feast-days, and have prepared the Soma.
– O Vâyu, they satisfying stream goes to the
worshipper, wide-reaching, to the Soma – draught.
– O Indra and Vâyu these (libations of Soma)
are poured out, come hither for the sake of our offering,
for the drops (of Soma) long for you.
– O Indra and Vâyu, Vâyu perceive the libations.
You, who are rich in booty, come them quickly
– O Vâyu and Indra come near to the work of
the sacrificer, quick, thus is my prayer, O ye men!
(Vedic Hymns.1994. I.2)
And in another hymn at Rig Veda:
– O Vâyu, may the quick races bring thee towards
the offering, to the early drink here, to the
early drink of Soma! May “Sûnritâ” (the Dawn)
stand erect, approving thy mind! Come near on thy
harnessed chariot to share. O Vâyu to share in the
(Vedic Hymns.1994.I.134. 2-6)
Vayu in Zend Avesta.
“Vâyu in the Iran has a great as well as enigmatic
personification, who, Ahuramzda as well as Ahriman
creations sacrifice for him.
Ahuramazda offers a sacrifice for him that he
able to destroy of the Ahriman creations and protect
the good Creations:
“To him did the maker Ahuramazda. Offer
up a sacrifice in the Airyana Vaegeh2
, on a golden
throne, under golden beams and golden canopy,
with bundles of baresma and offerings of full boiling
[milk]”.( The Zend Avesta, 2000, Part II, p.250)
He begged of him a boon, saying:
“Grant me this, O Vayu who do work highly,
that I may smite the creation of Angra mainyu, and
that nobody may smite this creation of,the God
“Vayu who works highly, granted him that
boon, as the Maker Ahuramazda, did pursue it”.
“We sacrifice to the holy Vayu; we sacrifice
to the Vayu who works highly”.(The Zend Avesta.2000.Part
And Azi-Dahaka (one of the Ahrimans creations)
also offer a sacrifice which he destroy all the
men, but Vayu did not grant him”
“The three mouthed Azi-Dahaka offer up a
sacrifice and he begged of him a boon, saying:
“Grant me this, O Vayu! Who do work highly,
that I may make all the seven country of the earth
empty on men”
Vayu in Vedas and Zend Avesta pdf download