Yet another proof that the Ramayana was real and not a fantasy.
That Ramayana was real, I had posted in detail through a couple of articles and an article about Rama’s son Lava having founded Lahore,Pakistan.
The City Shravasti was the place in Kosala Kingdom from where Lava ruled from.
Very little is known of the city of Shravasti until it rose to fame during the Gupta Period with its association with Buddhism and Jainism. Maheth, sprawling over an area of 400 acres, is identified with the remains of the city of Shravasti. Excavations led to the discovery of massive gates and ramparts and many other remains of the ancient city which speak volumes of the prosperity of Shravasti.
The Sobhanath Temple is a Jain temple one must visit on tours to Shravasti. This place is believed to be and is revered as the birthplace of Jain prophet Swayambunatha. This is a major tourist attraction and pilgrimage spot for the Jains.Saheth another place to be visited on tours to Shravasti Uttar Pradesh in India, was once the site of the famous Jetavana monastery; the place houses numerous ancient shrines, stupas and monasteries spreading over an area of 32 acres. One of the earliest Stupas, probably dating back to 3rd century BC, is said to have contained relics of the Buddha. Excavations also revealed a colossal statue of Lord Buddha, which has been kept at the Indian Museum in Kolkata……
“Archaeologists in eastern India have discovered the remains of an ancient temple where the Buddha used to preach.
The discovery of the 2,000-year-old shrine at Shravasti, the capital of the ancient Koshal kingdom in what is now Uttar Pradesh state, was reported by a team from the state Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).
Birendra Nath, a superintending archaeologist of the ASI, says the find has shed light on life at the time of the Buddha two millennia ago.
He says the Buddha stayed for four months at Shravasti and delivered most of his sermons there.
“The excavation sites have unveiled one of the most important cities of ancient India called Shravasti, which was the capital of the Koshal kingdom of King Premjit – a contemporary of Lord Buddha,” Mr Nath said.
He says the Shravasti site was first identified by Sir Alexander Cunningham, a British archaeologist, in 1861.
A large number of terracotta earthenware, human figurines, beads, plaques, seals, copper and silver coins and objects of bone and ivory were discovered.
Mr Nath says the temple hints at the existence of a well-planned town with good drainage and brick-layered wells.
The Buddha, an Indian prince born as Gautama Siddharta, is believed to have lived from about 563 BC to 483 BC.”
References in the Ramayana, Mahabharata.
During the period of the ancestors of Raghava Rama, there was only one Kosala kingdom. It had its capital at Ayodhya, identified as the Ayodhya town near Faizabad in Uttar Pradesh state of India. During the reign of Dasaratha, the father of Rama, Dakshina Kosala came into prominence. It was situated in the Madhya Pradesh state of India. Dasaratha married his eldest wife Kausalya from this kingdom.
Raghava Rama’s son’s Lava and Kusa, inherited each half of the Kosala kingdom, with Ayodhya as its capital. Thus, this Kosala split into two parts; one ruled by Lava, with capital at Sravasti, to the north of Ayodhya and the other by Kusa at Kusavati, believed to be towards the east of Ayodhya.
The Indian epic Mahabharata is the window to this era.
During the time of Kurukshetra War, and the reign of Pandavas and Kauravas, we find mention of numerous kingdoms with the name, Kosala (as per the references in Mahabharata).
The mothers of Dhritarashtra and Pandu, viz Ambika and Ambalika, where described to be Kosala princesses. They were some times described as princesses from Kasi Kingdom, Kasi and Kosala being a single kingdom (often denoted as Kasi-Kosalas) during the time of Mahabharata.
Then Satyavati and Bhishma and the Kosala princesses were all gratified with the presents Pandu made out of the acquisitions of his prowess. And Ambalika in particular, upon embracing her son of incomparable prowess, became very glad.
- Mahabharata, Book 1, Chapter 188
Kosala king was present in this event
………the highly intelligent Vatsaraja, the king of Kosala, Sisupala and the powerful Jarasandha, these and many other great kings—all Kshatriyas celebrated throughout the world—have come, O blessed one (Panchali), for thee.
- Mahabharata, Book 2, Chapter 14
The eighteen tribes of the Bhojas, from fear of (Magadha King) Jarasandha, have all fled towards the west; so also have the Surasenas, the Bhadrakas, the Vodhas, the Salwas, the Patachchavas, the Susthalas, the Mukuttas, and the Kulindas, along with the Kuntis. And the king of the Salwayana tribe with their brethren and followers; and the southern Panchalas and the eastern Kosalas have all fled to the country of the Kuntis. So also the Matsyas and the Sannyastapadas, overcome with fear, leaving their dominions in the north, have fled into the southern country. And so all the Panchalas, alarmed at the power of Jarasandha, have left their own kingdom and fled in all directions.
History of Shravasti teerth begins with the formation of Janpad’s by Yugadidev Shri Adishwar Prabhu. This place was the capitol city of North Kaushal Janpad. Many Jain Kings such as King Jitari, the father of third Teerthankar Shri Sambhavnath Bhagwan and others past here after Bhagwan Adinath. King Prasanjeet ruled this place at the time of Bhagwan Mahaveer. He was a loyal follower of Prabhu Veer. The main listener of Prabhu Veer King of Magadh Samrat Shrenik has wedded the sister of King Parasanjeet. This was also called by the names of Kunal Nagari and Chandrikapuri in the old days. Many Jain temples and Stoops (pillars) were present in this city. It is specified in history that greater king Samrat Ashok and his grand son King Samprati also constructed many temples and Stoops at this holy place. This teerth place is also descripting in “Brihatkalp”. Chinese traveler Fahiyan has also described this holy place in his memories of traveling India during 5th century BC. One more Chinese traveler during 7th century BC, Hun-Yen-Sang, has described this place as Jet van Monastery. Later this was called as Manikapuri. This was ruled by King Mayurdhwaj during 900 AD, by King Hansdhwaj during 925 AD, by King Makardhwaj during 950 AD, by King Sudhavadhwaj during 975 AD and by King Suhridhwaj during 100 AD. All of them were Jain Kings belonging to Bhar Vansh