Higher Astronomy Instruments Designs Surya Siddhanta

Many are under the impression that Hinduism, especially the Vedas are theoretical and do not address to the problems of daily Life or Science.


Nothing can be farther from the Truth.


Surya Siddhanta.jpg
Surya Siddhanta.


I had posted articles on practical application of Science,Dealing with daily life, Botany,Zoology, Food and other vital subjects that deal with our daily needs, developed by Hinduism.


Here I am furnishing details from the Surya Siddhanta that deals with Astronomy in detail.


I had earlier posted an article on Vishnu’s Navel Galaxy and how it has been validated by modern Astronomy.


The Surya Siddhanta is one of the oldest treatises (siddhanta) in Hindu astronomy. The extant text as edited by Burgess (1860) is medieval (c. 12th century), but it is clearly based on older versions, which may go back to before the Common Era[citation needed].

It has rules laid down to determine the true motions of the luminaries, which conform to their actual positions in the sky. It gives the locations of several stars other than the lunar nakshatras and treats the calculation of solar eclipses. as well as solstices eg.summer solstice 21/06 Significant coverage is on kinds of time, length of the year of gods and demons, day and night of god Brahma, the elapsed period since creation, how planets move eastwards and sidereal revolution. The lengths of the Earth’s diameter, circumference are also given. Eclipses and color of the eclipsed portion of the moon is mentioned.”


Table of contents in Surya Siddhanta.


  1. The Mean Motions of the Planets
  2. True Places of the Planets
  3. Direction, Place and Time
  4. The Moon and Eclipses
  5. The Sun and Eclipses
  6. The Projection of Eclipses
  7. Planetary Conjunctions
  8. Of the Stars
  9. Risings and Settings
  10. The Moon’s Risings and Settings
  11. Certain Malignant Aspects of the Sun and Moon
  12. Cosmogony, Geography, and Dimensions of the Creation
  13. The Gnomon
  14. The Movement of the Heavens and Human Activity.

Design of Astronomical Instruments are also provided.

Astronomical Instruments by Surya Siddhantham.jpg
Astronomical Instruments
by Surya Siddhanhtam.Click to enlarge


Link to Surya Siddhanta Text by Arya Bhatta.




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