Hinduism accords importance to Familial relationships.
Duties of each member of the Family is set,Man,Wife,children,Brother,Sister and elders.
However the emphasis is more on the duties of the son.
Hinduism considers the begetting of a male child to be auspicious as they believe that the son prevents the parents entering the Hell called ‘Puth’
The name for son is Puthra, one who prevents parents from entering Puth.
The Smritis state that a son is to be treated as,
a King till he is Five years old.
as Slave from 5 to Fifteen and
a friend after Fifteen years.
A son is not to be praised in his face.
His mistakes are to be pointed out.
a son has to be educated within one’s means.
As children can not understand the difficulties of running a family(till they are fifteen No Family affairs are to be discussed with them nor their opinion sought even for their education)
Once they are married all decisions are to be taken after discussing with them, not necessarily following them.
They have to be taught etiquette and discipline as set forth in the Taittriya Upanishad in Siksha Valli.
The son , when he comes of age is expected to run the family and the parents have to maintain themselves , either by staying in the family or withdrawing to the forest as a vanaprastha.
If the wife is not willing to accompany the husband,she has to be left in the care of the son.
The son is the Guardian of the Mother.
The son is the next authority in running the Family and he has to take care of his sisters and younger brothers as a father.
His wife occupies the next place in the Family after the Mother and Father.
She is Mother in another form.
The son is to perform the Funeral rites of the Parents.
He shall perform all the duties of the Father, including the performance of all Poojas and Rituals prescribed for the Family, after the Seemantha for his wife is performed.
If a Man does not have a child, he has to adopt his daughter’s child as his son.
Following ceremonies are performed for the Son.
2.Namakarana, naming the child.
3.Ayush Homa till he attains Five Years.
8.Seemantha for His wife.
Children of an Unmarried woman,
Child of son’s pregnant Bride,
Son of twice married woman,
Son of an adopted daughter,
All belong to the family.
In the absence of legitimate children, the illegitimate children receive one-fourth of the Estate.
Gautama Sutra 28.18.
Manu on Illegitimate Children
By the sacred tradition the woman is declared to be the soil (or the field), the man is declared to be the seed; the production of all corporeal beings takes place through the union of the soil with the seed.” (Manu. IX.33)
“Those who, having no property in a field, but possessing seed-corn, sow it in another’s soil, do not receive the grain of the crop which may spring forth.” (Manu.IX.49)
“If (one man’s) bull were to beget a hundred calves on another man’s cows, they (i.e., the calves) would belong to the owner of the cows; in vain would the bull have spent its strength.” (Manu.IX.50)
“Thus men who have no marital property in women, but sow their seed in the soil of others, benefit the owner of the woman; but the giver of the seed reaps no benefit.” (Manu.IX.51)