Hanuman To Lanka Place Distance Controversy

This Mountain is reported to have been in Sri Lanka.
..2.The distance between Lanka and India, from its southern tip is about 24 km.

The distance is from Kodiyakkarai, Point Calimere,where Ram surveyed the Ocean.

But the Ramayana states that the distance is 100 Yojanas, one Yojana is about 8 Miles.

That it is 800 Miles?..
The above text refers that Hanuman crossed from the North of Vindhya Mountains.

This is further North of Kodiyakkarai!

As far as I know Maruti crossed from Mahendra Parvatha, the Eastern Ghats in the South.

I am trying to resolve this.


Hanuman is reported to have crossed to Lanka from the Southern tip of India and returned from Lanka from Trikuta Parvatha in Lanka

That Hanuman with great strength crossed the insurmountable ocean without becoming tired and viewed the city of Lanka located on the peak of Mount Trikuta. After that, Hanuma standing there shone like one made of flowers being showered by a rain of flowers released by trees.9Sarga 2, Sundara Kanda)

India Lanka distance 24km  Hanuman Crossing Ocean.
Hanuman Crossing the Ocean, Image source. https://venetiaansell.wordpress.com/page/3/

This Mountain is reported to have been in Sri Lanka.

Lanka /ˈlæŋkə/ (Sanskrit: लङ्का lankā meaning “respected island”, Sinhala: ලංකාපුර (Langkapura), Malay: Langkapuri, Tamil: Ilankai or Lankapuram, Javanese and Indonesian:Alengka or Ngalengka) is the name given in Hindu mythology to the island fortress capital of the legendary king Ravana in the great Hindu epics, the Ramayana and theMahabharata. The fortress was situated on a plateau between three mountain peaks known as the Trikuta Mountains. The ancient City of Lankapura is thought to have been burnt down by Lord Hanuman. After the King Ravana was killed by Lord Rama with the help of the former’s brother Vibhishana, Vibhishana was crowned King of Lankapura by LordRama after which he ruled the kingdom. The mythological Lankapuri is identified today as Sri Lanka.”..

Now there is a reference to Trikuta Paravatha.

This Mountain is in Kashmir!

Trikuta is located in Jammu, which is one of the three administrative divisions within Jammu and Kashmir, the northernmost state inIndia. Trikuta, the triple peak, is where the holy shrine of Vaishno Devi can be found”

Trikuta Mountain
Trikuta Parvatha Kashmir

The above references are from Wiki.

So the anomaly.Readers may contribute.

I have a Theory in the light archeological findings of the Tamils remains.

I shall post.

2.The distance between Lanka and India, from its southern tip is about 24 km.

The distance is from Kodiyakkarai, Point Calimere,where Ram surveyed the Ocean.

But the Ramayana states that the distance is 100 Yojanas, one Yojana is about  8 Miles.

That it is 800 Miles?

This verse and others clearly mention that Hanuma crossed an ocean of hundred yojanas. At the present time the shore to shore distance between southern tip of India and Northern tip of Sri Lanka is around sixty miles. Even with a measure of 2.5 miles per yojana, hundred yojanas translate to 250 miles. To explain this anomaly, we need to consider that around the time of Ramayana, the distance was lot more than the current sixty miles. This is in sync with the current theories by geologists that the ocean between India and the current Sri Lanka had been replaced by land mass over a period of time. Most of the land to the south of current Raghunatha Pura had been covered by landmass in antiquity. Also according to Ramayana, the mountains Trikuta, Lamba and Suvela were to the north of Lanka, but currently the mountains are found in the southern part of Lanka. This suggests that the northern parts of current Lanka were submerged in water during the Ramayana period.”

“Hearing those delightful words of Sampati, we with our Chief Angada started soon from there. The monkeys were very much delighted and satisfied. They were making up their energy to see you, rose up from Vindhya mountain and reached the northern shore of the ocean. All the monkeys with their Chief Angada, in their anxiety to see you, reached the ocean. They were frightened after seeing the ocean there and they were again worried.” 

“Thereafter, seeing the ocean, I removed the serious fears of the army of monkeys who were worrying and crossed hundred Yojanas across the sea. Entering even Lanka, filled with demons in the night, I saw Ravana and you too who were immersed in grief. O the faultless princess! I told you all this as actually occurred. I am the messenger of Rama. Talk to me.”..

Another version: 

As mentioned in Valmiki Ramayana, the evidences for its location in Rameshwaram-Dhanushkodi are provided : atra purvam mahadevah prasaam asoorot prabhu. 

While returning to Ayodhya, together with Sita Devi, after killing Ravana, there are episodes related from Pushpaka Vimaana. Sri Rama notes, pointing to the starting point of Setu (Dhanushkodi), that Sri Mahadeva granted anugraha to Sri Rama at this place. 

Rama Setu is 100 yojanas long, 10 yojanas wide, according to Valmiki Ramayana. This ratio of 10:1 is evidenced by the dimensions of Rama Setu at Rameshwaram-Dhanushkodi. 

The pre-colonial Indian linear measure reckoning table was as follows: 

24 angula = 1 muzham 

4 muzham = 1 dhanu 

2 dhanu = 1 danda 

50 danda = 1 kooppidu 

4 kooppidu = 1 yojana 

This is the basis for determining the 100 yojana length. Any other way of linear measurement will be like the blind figuring out an elephant. 

One yojana is the longest distance traveled by sound – of a call from a tall place; the sound distance (300 metres or 1050 feet). 

10 yojanas wide = 300 m X 10 = 3000 metres = 10,500 ft. 

100 yojanas long = 300 m X 100 = 3,00,000 metres = 10,50,000 ft. 

Thes actual dimensions of Rama Setu can be seen by everyone. 

Even if we follow the argument of Jesuit scientists that it is only 10,00,000 years since human beings evolved, Hindu people believe that Ramayana events occurred in the latter part of Treta yuga and hence, assuming that Ramayana occurred in the 1,00,000th year of Treta yuga + Dwapara yuga 8,32,000 years, uptodate Kali 5107 total 9,37,107 years. We can explain that Ramayana occurred 62,893 years after the evolution of modern man. Thus, instead of researching objectively, if the objective is just to ridicule Hindu belief systems, any efforts to argue ‘scientifically’ will not be effective. 

Rama Setu in Sangam literature, evidence from 2300 years before present 

If we accept as factual evidence the kings, events mentioned in Sangam literature, 2300 years before present evidences for Rama Setu, Purattirattil Ramayana, Sri Rama, Vaanara species are provided in: Akanaanooru, Puranaanooru, Kalittogai, Paripaadal.’

3.This raises another question.

The above text refers that Hanuman crossed from the North of Vindhya Mountains.

This is further North of Kodiyakkarai!

As far as I know Maruti crossed from Mahendra Parvatha, the Eastern Ghats in the South.

I am trying to resolve this.

Any inputs?






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Author: ramanan50

Retired Senior Management Professional. Lectures on Indian Philosophy,Hinduism, Comparative Religions. Researching Philosophy, Religion. Free lance Writer.Blogger

12 thoughts on “Hanuman To Lanka Place Distance Controversy”

    1. Indian texts provide meaning at three levels. 1. Word by word literal meaning explaining events. 2. Phikosophical meaning and 3.Scientific/ Tantra truths.Hanuman flew is factual. Please read my article Hanuman Speed.Hanuman took Sun in the mouth is an allegory explaining a Yoga Technic Contro of Surya Nadi. Shall write on this. Regards.


  1. I have another explanation. There is no way Hanuman (from a small group of dying group of different human without tail ! ) should travel such a great distance in ocean if he was not somewhere in Indonesian side. There were series of islands in that ocean area ! They were not empty and perhaps densely occupied by the existing African tribe. Most of the land area was submerged during the bigger flood that swept Dwarika 100’s of years later (not a yug !). Ram, later with all the troups, travelled back to Bharat with all the forces to the already existing setu. Fixed some narrow portion which was strategically important than economically (they could have sailed ! ).


  2. Simple logic man 1 yojanas is 28.8KM approximatly. Did you know our heart is always related to time, distance. now explain if you walk or wait for your precious friend or any other new people. Your eagarness will thing you, it so long distance or long time (its a feelings). Thats happen in the hanuman jump. valmiki also travel with hanumans mind(Heart) (Their sadness and if anything happen i will find seetha mother) so valmiki told that 1 yojanas distance is equal to 100 yojanas

    1 mulam = 30 cm
    4 mulam = 120 cm
    4 mulam = 1 pakam = 1.2 m
    6000 pakam = 1 kaatham = 7.2 km
    4 kaatham = 1 yojanas = 28.8 KM


  3. What of Mount Mahendra? What would have been its location? I read that it was from this mountain that Rama would go to view Ilangai, and from where the bridge was built. True or false? I know this mountain is referred to in the Thiruvaasagam as the place where Lord Sivan recited the Naanmarrai.


    1. Mahendragiri is said to mean the present Western Ghats.

      It is also the place from where Hanuman jumped for sri Lanka.

      there are some references that there is a Mahendra Parvatha in odisha.this needs investigation.I have been cheking on this,


  4. Hari Ohm Mr.Ramanan,
    I have researched extensively and thoroughly on Ramayana and also visited sites of Ramayana personally and examined archaeologically, scientifically historically and written an article on them few years ago.The modern Sri lanka (i.e.) Ceylon is not the LANKA of Raavana mentioned in the RAAMAAYANA of MAHARSHI VAALMIKI. The original Lanka of Raavana has submerged under the Indian Ocean and its now under the Indian ocean South of Modern Sri Lanka. The Adams Bridge is not the Raama Setu built by Lord RAAMA, it connects only Modern India and Modern Sri Lanka. The original RAAMA SETU built by LORD RAAMA with the help of VAANARAAS was built from DHANUSHKOTI, now submerged under Palk Strait, and the original LANKA of Raavana.with the help of Celentrades and which are still accessable few meteres beneath the Palk Strait in the place where Dhanushkoti existed near Rameswaram. If you or anyoneone having doubts can still visit the site personally near Hill KANDAMAADHANAM in modern Rameswaram near which place the Original Rameswaram DANUSHKOTIsubmerged under Palk Strait during Tsunnami in 1963 CE.( BC and AD are religious terms not historic terms, the corresponding Historic terms are B.C.E ( Before Common Era) and C.E.( Common Era). The Original AYODHYA where LORD SRI RAAMA was born is certainly modern AYODHYA and the place where he was born in AYODHYA is very much the place where the now demolished Babur’s Victory Memorial was built demolishing the Temple of LORD SRI RAAMA which was built by the Emperor VIKRAMAADITYA the GREAT of UJJAIN, celebrating the victory of Babur over India. This is the real history.
    Thank you.
    website: http://www.vedascience.com


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