This is in continuation of my earlier posts on Caste.
I had explained how the word caste is not of Indian origin and the fact that these concepts are not be found anywhere in the Religious or philosophical texts of the Indians.
Ambedkar tried in vain to prove that Untouchability began with the yard stick of Cow eating and meat-eating.
As indicated earlier, the Society was organised on the basis of dispositions and tendencies, both genetic and shaped by the environment.
Basically , on the basis of the three Gunas and their interplay,Sathva, Raja and Tamas, three tendencies and dispositions were noted.
The calm, knowledgeable and ascetic and selfless-Sathva
Active’ Go-getters, protectors, emotional and Compassionate at the same time-Rajas.
Dull, Mentally not sharp,lacking in initiative, can do a job assigned,Indifferent, bordering on Amoral,Tamas.
All the three qualities are present in every man and these keep on changing in the individual every minute and one has to strive to keep the right balance.
Based on the predominant disposition observed for a reasonable period of Time the Society was grouped as under.
The real word denotes’ one who has realized Brahman, The Reality”
Later this was used to denote a group that practiced Compassion, selfless service and was knowledgeable.
They were entrusted with the responsibility of teaching the Community of Value systems and pray for All.
They were not paid.
The Society took care of them in kind, grains. cloth,shelter, land by the Kings.
Those who have these characteristics are Brahmanas , not every one who calls him self a Brahmana..
Brahmins were not expected to save, nor hod properties of their own,.
This sloka tells us who a Brahmin is.
Yajanam Yaajanam Tathaa
Daanam Pratigraham Chaiva
Adyayanam-Pracctice of reciting the Vedas, with meaning.
Adhyaapnan-Teaching of the Vedas along with the Astras(scientific Arms) and Satras(Ordinary weapons of war)
Yajanam-performance of the Yagnas and Yagas.
Here there is a small difference between a Yagna and Yaaga.
While a Yaaga is performed with a specific wish to be fulfilled, as a Puthra Kameshti for begetting a Good offspring, Yajna is performed expecting no results, performed because it has to be performed as sanctioned by the Vedas.
Yaajanam-Performing these for others.
Dhaanam-Donating to others, Philanthropy without expectations.
Pratigraham-acceptance of Dhaana from others, here one is not expected to anticipate of ask for Dhaana.
Acceptance of Dakshina is mandatory so is non demand of Dakshina.
A Teacher is expected to accept what the parents of the children offer, they are forbidden to ask.
In certain case, like Santhipani asked of Lord Krishna , it is to demonstrate the valor his ward.
Those who ask a specific Dakshina are treated with contempt, like Drona who was called a Kshatriya for having demanded Dakshina from Ekalaiva( This is one of the reasons)
On top of this, a Brahmin is expected to have realized Brahman, The Reality.
This is how the Brahmins are defined in the Sastras,
Nowhere a Brahmin is called a Brahmin because he is born of Brahmin parents.