Realization is going beyond the pairs of Opposites,
Pleasure and Pain, Happiness and Sadness,sacred and the Sinfulness.
Nirvana or Moksham or Realization is attaining that where these pairs of Opposites do not affect us.
Things are what they are.
We can not change them.
As in day today Life, we can not change things, people or events, but we can change ourselves.
In our Daily life, changing ourselves denote changing into a Mode which is gives us pleasure , comfort.
Unfortunately, the feelings of Happiness or Sadness are also alien to our Nature, the Nature of the Soul.
From our mundane life, we know that what gives us pleasure at one point of Time gives us pain at another time.
Changing ourselves to suit our comfort,pleasure is not solving the problem.
What does one do?
Change our Perception, Reaction to things , Events and people.
In common language’ Be indifferent’.
Indifference does not mean unconcerned, but concerned without being disturbed by it.
To cite an example, take the instance of an Assembly Line worker.
He keeps on doing the work, say fixing Windshields for a Car, day and Day out.
He does it with monotonous regularity,efficiently but ‘but after a Time, is not even aware of it.
Also the natural duties our bodies perform, like relieving oneself.
They are being performed daily but we do not Consciously think of them, except when we have a problem.
This Attitude is what is meant by being ‘indifferent’.
This is what Lord Krishna advocates in the sloka ‘Karmanyeva Adhikarasthe’ in The Bhagavd Gita,Chapter 2.
Transcending the pairs of Opposites is the ultimate attribute of Realization.
When we adopt this Attitude, there is Nothing Sacred nor sinful in whatever we do, na Punyam, Na paapam’.
There are instruments or tools to attain Moksha or Realization.
Mantras, Chanting of sacred Texts or words, Geometric depiction of Reality with Mystical Intonations, Tantras.
Even these, though they may be tools, also bind you by rewarding you with Good Results, which is a Golden shackle.
So are the Vedas, Yajnyas.
Following the Karma Kanda of the Vedas also binds you.
The performance of Yajnyas lead to bondage y giving Beneficial Results.
So much so, the ‘Chamaka'(of Sri Rudra Prasna) says ‘Yajnyo Yagyena kalpathaam’, May the resultsof the Yajnyas be sacrificed in this Yajnya.
( The difference between a Yaga and Yagnya is that the Yaga is performed with a specific result in mind as a Resolution or Sankalpa, The Yagnya is performed because it has to be performed with out any resolutions.)
What happens if we follow this path?
You are not the Enjoyed,the Enjoyed or the process of enjoyment.’Aham Bhojanam Naiva Bhojyam Na Bhoktaa’
You become ‘Cid-Aananda-Ruupah Shivo[a-A]ham Shivo[a-A]ham’
You become the Supreme Consciousness,Bliss,That which is always Auspicious(Sivam)
न पुण्यं न पापं न सौख्यं न दुःखं
न मन्त्रो न तीर्थो न वेदो न यज्ञ ।
अहं भोजनं नैव भोज्यं न भोक्ता
चिदानन्दरूपः शिवोऽहम् शिवोऽहम् ॥४॥
Na Punnyam Na Paapam Na Saukhyam Na Duhkham
Na Mantro Na Tiirtho Na Vedo Na Yajnya |
Aham Bhojanam Naiva Bhojyam Na Bhoktaa
Cid-Aananda-Ruupah Shivo[a-A]ham Shivo[a-A]ham
- Nothing Is Sacred,Sinful Adi Sankaracharya (ramanan50.wordpress.com)