Attitude towards Life is determined by one’s source of Knowledge.
Here, as I have been using hitherto, I use’ Knowledge’ in its prime meaning, ‘being aware of’
This Awareness need not necessarily be Correct or Incorrect for it depends on the Facts being made aware of.
Nor does it bear the stamp of being Right or Wrong for it becomes judgmental.
These attributes come later.
This ‘awareness’, where and how do we get ?
Events in the world happen.
There is no ground per se for themselves to be the Cause or the Result of another.
This action of ours is but a tool of our Mind to categorize them to facilitate easy recall.
One Effect may have many Causes.
One Cause may have many Effects.
There is yet another Dimension to this concept.
A Cause may contain the Result.
A seed contains the Tree.
Equally true is the fact that the Effect contains the Cause.
A Tree contains the Seeds.
This process of inferring has its limitations.
Inference is Anuamaana.
Simple day-to-day experience tells us you see or hear some thing, that’s it.
Then you become aware of .things, Events.
There is a pitfall in this too.
Senses need not always convey the facts.
If one were to suffer from Jaundice, he would see things as Yellow.
For a Born Blind, the World does not exist visually.
If you keep your hands in cold water for some time and then dip it warm water, you do not feel the warmth as fast as you would with normal hands.
The same, if you keep hands i warm water and then dip in cold Water.
Again, you do not see things which are not in the direct line of your Perception, for instance, things in another room do not exist for you, you do not see them.
So this Pratyaksha is inadequate.
Then you rely on the others Testimony.
This is Called Pramaana.
This is listening to . believing in others Testimony.
There are certain things one has to accept as facts from the others.
For example who your mother is.
Some one has to tell me who my Mother is.
But my Rationalist friends would tell me that it is not necessary.
A DNA Test would do.
Even here A Test is Necessary.
Instead of believing some one, here you believe a Test Report!
Patanjali , being aware of the limitations of the instruments of Knowledge, suggest these three instruments of Knowledge.
- Identify The Tools of The Mind Patanjali Yoga Sutra 6 (ramanan50.wordpress.com)
- Denying Senses Is Not Yoga, Patanjali Yoga Sutra 3 (ramanan50.wordpress.com)