Only 25 % is available, that is Donors are available.
A Brief on Kidney Problems.
Each bean-shaped kidney is 4-5 inches long and contains about a million nephrons, which are like tiny pouches. Each nephron has a filter at one end, called a glomerulus, to filter your blood. Your overall kidney function can be measured by how quickly blood is filtered through these glomeruli. This measurement is called the glomerular filtration rate.
Healthy kidneys handle several specific roles:
- Maintain a balance of water and concentration of minerals, such as sodium, potassium, and phosphorus, in your blood
- Remove waste by-products from the blood after digestion, muscle activity, and exposure to chemicals or medications
- Produce renin, an enzyme that helps regulate blood pressure
- Produce erythropoietin, which stimulates red blood cell production
- Produce an active form of vitamin D, needed for bone health.
What Causes Acute Kidney Injury (Acute Renal Failure)?
The loss of kidney function is called acute kidney injury, also known as acute renal failure (ARF). This can occur following a traumatic injury with blood loss, the sudden reduction of blood flow to the kidneys, damage to the kidneys from shock during a severe infection called sepsis, obstruction of urine flow, or damage from certain drugs or toxins.
Acute kidney injury can also occur from pregnancy complications, such as eclampsia and pre-eclampsia, or related HELLP Syndrome.
Marathon runners and other athletes who don’t drink enough fluids while competing in long-distance endurance events may suffer acute renal failure due to a sudden breakdown of muscle tissue. This muscle breakdown releases a chemical called myoglobin that can damage the kidneys.
Obstruction of urine flow, such as with an enlarged prostate, also can lead to acute kidney injury.
What Causes Chronic Kidney Disease?
Kidney damage and decreased function that lasts longer than 3 months is called chronic kidney disease (CKD). Chronic kidney disease is particularly dangerous, because you may not have any symptoms until considerable, often irreparable, kidney damage has been done.
- A severe infection within the kidneys themselves, called pyelonephritis, can lead to scarring as the infection heals. Multiple episodes can lead to kidney damage.Inflammation in the tiny filters (glomeruli) within the kidneys; this can happen after strep infection and other conditions of unknown cause.Polycystic kidney disease, in which fluid-filled cysts form in the kidneys over time. This is the most common form of inherited kidney disease.Congenital defects, present at birth, are often the result of a urinary tract obstruction or malformation that affects the kidneys. One of the most common involves a valve-like mechanism between the bladder and urethra. These defects, sometimes found while a baby is still in the womb, can often be surgically repaired by a urologist.Drugs and toxins, including long-term exposure to some medications and chemicals; overuse of NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), such asibuprofen and naproxen; and use of intravenous “street” drugs.
- Urinate less than normal.
- Have swelling from fluid buildup in your tissues (edema).
- Feel very tired.
- Lose your appetite or have an unexpectedweight loss.
- Feel nauseated or vomit.
- Be either very sleepy or unable to sleep.
- Have headaches or trouble thinking straight.
- For more on Tests, Treatment, Dialysis and Transplants, Donors Check these resources.
- webmd(link provided above)
- Diet Mantra aims to protect your kidney on World’s Kidney Day (edietmantra.wordpress.com)