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Ekadasi Upavasa Prevents Aging Increased Neural Functions, Research.

Hindus fast once a month,that is on the eleventh day of the New Moon/Full Moon.It is called Ekadasi, Eleventh day.

This day is dedicated to Lord Vishnu,one of the Trinity of Hinduism.

Lord Vishnu is the ‘Sustainer’

Hinduism believes in a healing body for Body is the dwelling place of Atman.

Body is not to be abused.

Tough spiritual practices,though in vogue,are called as Tamasic(Bhagavad-Gita).

They are called Asura Tapas,tough on body and as such is relegated behind Gnana, Bhakti and Karma Yogas.

In Asura Tapas one goes on Fasting for even years, sometimes people live on Water or only on Air!

But more beneficial results may be obtained by following The Satvic practice of Upavasa.

Upvasa is Fasting

Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism advocate Upavasa.

While Jainism prescribed Upavasa for long periods,Hinduism recommends once a month.

On Ekadasi.

On this day one fasts completely.

No intake of food at all.

The next morning,Dwadasi,light meal consisting of cooked Rice, Gooseberry salad in Curds along with special Greens,Agathikeerai in Tamil,is taken.

This process ,along with taking three spoonful of Tulasi immersed water,after offering food to Lord Vishnu ,is called Bhaarana.

This light food taken after complete fasting on the earlier day increased longevity and cleans the stomach.

I am providing a research study done in September,2018,which states that fasting,

induce anti-aging effects and alleviate aging-related neurodegeneration.

Study Highlights.
Published:September 06, 2018

  • β-hydroxybutyrate prevents the vascular cell senescence
  • β-hydroxybutyrate upregulates Oct4 expression via interacting with hnRNP A1
  • Oct4-mediated quiescence is able to attenuate hallmarks of senescence
  • Circulating β-hydroxybutyrate alleviates the senescence of mouse aorta

β-hydroxybutyrate (β-HB) elevation during fasting or caloric restriction is believed to induce anti-aging effects and alleviate aging-related neurodegeneration. However, whether β-HB alters the senescence pathway in vascular cells remains unknown. Here we report that β-HB promotes vascular cell quiescence, which significantly inhibits both stress-induced premature senescence and replicative senescence through p53-independent mechanisms. Further, we identify heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A1 (hnRNP A1) as a direct binding target of β-HB. β-HB binding to hnRNP A1 markedly enhances hnRNP A1 binding with Octamer-binding transcriptional factor (Oct) 4 mRNA, which stabilizes Oct4 mRNA and Oct4 expression. Oct4 increases Lamin B1, a key factor against DNA damage-induced senescence. Finally, fasting and intraperitoneal injection of β-HB upregulate Oct4 and Lamin B1 in both vascular smooth muscle and endothelial cells in mice in vivo. We conclude that β-HB exerts anti-aging effects in vascular cells by upregulating an hnRNP A1-induced Oct4-mediated Lamin B1 pathway..



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Mamaumdur cave.image

Chola Period Meditation Cave,Mamandur

Before venturing into the article on Ancient Energy Centre Mamandur Caves,let me digress.

Couple of years ago, I had been to Thiruvannamalai,Abode of Shiva in Tamil Nadu with my son who is an Agnostic bordering Atheism.

I visit Ramanasarmam first, I stay there.

Reasons are.

Ramana Maharshi was a Realized Soul

He was my grandfather’s class mate and I am named after him,with a slight variation.

After checking in I took my son Dhyana Mandala,where Maharishi used to sit and meditate and asked him to sit for fifteen minutes.

When we came out, my son attempted to say something.

I asked him to keep quiet and took Seshadri Swamigal Adhistan,which lied next to Ramanasarmam.

I asked my son to go around the homakunda( homa is performed daily) and sit for a few minutes.

After coming out I asked him what he wanted to say earlier.

He was surprised that he felt peace descending on him in Ramanasarmam hall,while he felt a mild shock/tremor while at Seshadri Adhishtanam.

I explained him that Ramana Maharshi specialised in Gnana Yoga while Seshadri Swamigal specialised in Tantra Shastra and Mantra Siddhi.

So the difference on vibration.

Gnana Yoga is gentle while Tantra Sastra is tough to practice and the vibrations from the place where Tantra is practiced and Homas done,the vibrations will be intense and one can feel the difference.

Those who visit temples can feel this.

The peace that descends in Shiva temple ,Devi and Vishnu’s temples differ qualitatively.

One has to feel it.

Similarly even among Temples of the same Deity.

The peace you get at Thiruvidaimaruthur Shiva try is different from what you experience in Thanjavur Big Temple.

This is due to vibrations from the Deity, Structure of the Temples,Mantras used.

There are many temples in India along these lines.

There is a series of cave temples in Maamandur,near Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India.

Series of five Caves are found here.

Latest inscription is from Mahendravarma Pallavaram around 7 century AD.

Earlier inscription belongs to Chola period and they are much earlier.

The place was called Thiruvaleeswaram.

One of the Cave Mandapas has a hall where evidence is found that it was a Meditation Hall .

It has diagrams.

No idol,unlike other caves where Brahma,Vishnu and Shiva is found..

Watch video.

Cave Temple 1 “is approached by a staircase cut into the hill. The façade is made up of two pillars and two pilasters. Two pillars made up of cubes above and below with an octagonal shaft in the middle make up the façade of this cave. There are lotus medallions on the lower and top cubes. Behind these pillars there is a second row of pillars. A central shrine protrudes from the back wall. The pillars are in typical Mahendravarman style.”

dedicated to Vishnu

Mamandur cave temples is the template style of Dravida temple architecture

On the northern wall of the mukha-mandapa there is an inscription probably authored by the same king. Lines 12 and 13 suggest that the king ‘wanted to achieve what was not achieved before in the realm of music’.

Cave Temple 2, situated south of the first cave, also has an ardha mandapa and mukha mandapa separated by two pillars behind the first row. There are three sanctum sanctorum in this cave temple, dedicated Brahma, Shiva and Vishnu. Two steps in front, with a low stone rail shaped like the back of an elephant lead into each garba griha.

According to an inscription inside the central sanctum, it is called Uruttiravalisvaram (Rudravalisvaram). Thus Shiva or Rudra would have been the deity of the central sanctum. The dvaarapalas of the central sanctum stand in tribhanga, one hand on the waist and another resting on their heavy clubs which are intertwined with serpents, wearing huge jatabhaaras on their heads, yajnopavita (sacred thread) and ornaments. The Linga in the sanctum indicates that this garba griha was dedicated to Shiva.

The dvaarapalas of the southern sanctum stand in tribhanga, with a hand on the waist and a lotus in the other. Wearing a yajnopavita and jatabhaara on their heads, they were obviously intended to be sages or braahmanas, and the deity within must have been Brahma.

dedicated to Vishnu, although there is no figure inside.

Traces of painting are visible inside the sanctum, suggesting that the cave temples were once painted.

There are two inscriptions of Parantaka I Chola inside this cave temple, saying that the caves were called Vruttiravaliswaram and Valiswaram The irrigation tank, Chitramegha tataka, is assumed to have been excavated on the orders of Mahendravarman I Pallava.

Cave Temple 3 – Situated south of the previous cave, this is the largest of the four caves. There are several cracks on the pillars, which may be the reason for not finishing this cave. There are five pillars and two pilasters on the façade, in typical Mahendravarman style. The corbel above the pillars is in curved profile. The southern façade has two pillars and two pilasters. Corbels are finished above the pillars, however these are not fully cut in to make the space for circumambulation. This cave has an ardha-mandapa and mukha-mandapa, the two differentiated by two rows of pillars and pilasters.

The five shrines at the back of the cave share a common platform, with staircases in front of each, consisting of three steps. The cells are all cubical and empty, with no dvarpalas or inscriptions. This shrine would have had seven cells, five on the back and two on the side.

Cave Temple 4 – This is the smallest cave on the hill, unfinished, with a façade of two pillars and two pilasters. The façade suggests a three shrine cave, but the work was stopped due to cracks in the rock and load above the roof.



Featured image credit.


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Sanskrit Learning Increases Brain Size, Memory Cognition

Sanskrit is an ancient language and there are two versions of Sanskrit.
One is the Vedic Sanskrit and another, Earlier Sanskrit.

Sanskrit is found to be most compatible language for Computer.

Sanskrit roots are found in words in world languages.

Sanskrit ,though currently dated around 5000 years ago,is much older as the sunken city of Poompuhar,a port of Tamils,in Tamil Nadu is dated around 11,000 ago and Silappadikaram,one of the five Epics of Tamil Language quotes Vedas.

And the remains of a Million year old Tamil site is found near Chennai .

The earliest Tamil Grammar work available,Tholkaapiyam, mentions Sanskrit.

It is of interest to note that such an ancient language, Sanskrit, transmitted and is still transmitting it’s Religious texts only by Oral Tradition!

Learning of Sanskrit normally begins at the age of Five.

The texts are learned by repetition.
Many methods are adopted.

One such method is ‘Gana Paada’
In this process, one word is repeated again and again, and this word is recited along with the second word,then with the third word and this process is ealled Ganapaadan with the third word and this process is called Ganapaada.

For details please read my article on Veda learning.
Now research has been carried out on this method of learning in Sanskrit.
It is found that Sanskrit learning by this method expands brain,improves memory and results in better Cognitive Functions.


We studied a group of verbal memory specialists to determine whether intensive oral text memory is associated with structural features of hippocampal and lateral-temporal regions implicated in language processing. Professional Vedic Sanskrit Pandits in India train from childhood for around 10years in an ancient, formalized tradition of oral Sanskrit text memorization and recitation, mastering the exact pronunciation and invariant content of multiple 40,000-100,000 word oral texts. We conducted structural analysis of gray matter density, cortical thickness, local gyrification, and white matter structure, relative to matched controls. We found massive gray matter density and cortical thickness increases in Pandit brains in language, memory and visual systems, including i) bilateral lateral temporal cortices and ii) the anterior cingulate cortex and the hippocampus, regions associated with long and short-term memory. Differences in hippocampal morphometry matched those previously documented for expert spatial navigators and individuals with good verbal working memory. The findings provide unique insight into the brain organization implementing formalized oral knowledge systems.

Visit the link to download report.



Author information

Center for Mind/Brain Sciences (CIMeC), University of Trento, 38060, Italy. Electronic address: James.Hartzell@unitn.it.
Center for Mind/Brain Sciences (CIMeC), University of Trento, 38060, Italy.
National Brain Research Centre, Manesar, Gurgaon Dist., Haryana 122 050, India.


Neuroimage. 2016 May 1;131:181-92. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.07.027. Epub 2015 Jul 15.

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Hanuman Spoke Britisher Repairs Hanuman Temple Grand Anicut Kallanai

I have written on how Deities/Gurus spoke to people.

God does not have Religion.

Madurai Meenakshi spoke to a Britisher and saved him.

His Grave faces the temple so that he see Her even after death!

Raghavendra swamigal spoke to Britishers.

These were recorded.

Now I came across information that Hanuman temple was repaired by a Britishers.

Read on

This temple is located right inside the Kallanai or Grand Anaicut dam across Kaveri in TamilNadu. It was supposed to be built by an English Captain J.L.Calddell in 1804.

The incident goes like this. The dam was undergoing repairs under Captain J.L.Calddell. The 19th vent could not be repaired how much ever they tried. The engineer had a dream in which Sri Anjaneya asked him to build a temple for him near the 19th vent and that he would protect it. The engineer ignored it and in a few days a group of monkeys attacked him. Then the same dream came for the Mason who reported it to the engineer.When they dug the spot, they recovered an idol of Sri Hanuman which can be seen in the temple now.

There is a stone, in one corner of the temple as a record of this fact to with a note “Repaired this colling LHA & Erected the 26s upright stones by Cap. J.L.Calddel AD 1804”. Below this there is a note in Tamil stating that the stone is erected as per the orders of the Government.



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Shiva Lingam Design Teotihuacan Temple Mexico Vatican City

Sanatana Dharma was present throughout the world in ancient times.

I have written on its presence with evidence.

The featured image is the aerial view of Sun Temple in Teotihuacan Mexico and the Courtyard of Saint Peters Cathedral in Vatican.

More information about the presence of Sanatana Dharma and these places are provided towards the closing of this article.
Teotihuacan is a vast Mexican archaeological complex northeast of Mexico City. Running down the middle of the site, which was once a flourishing pre-Columbian city, is the Avenue of the Dead. It links the Temple of Quetzalcoatl, the Pyramid of the Moon and the Pyramid of the Sun, the latter two with panoramic views from their summits. Artifacts in the Museum of Teotihuacan Culture, on-site, include pottery and bones.


At its zenith, perhaps in the first half of the 1st millennium AD, Teotihuacan was the largest city in the pre-Columbian Americas, with a population estimated at 125,000 or more,making it at least the sixth largest city in the world during its epoch.

Apart from the pyramids, Teotihuacan is also anthropologically significant for its complex, multi-family residential compounds, the Avenue of the Dead and its vibrant murals that have been exceptionally well-preserved. Additionally, Teotihuacan exported fine obsidian tools that are found throughout Mesoamerica.

The city is thought to have been established around 100 BC, with major monuments continuously under construction until about AD 250.The city may have lasted until sometime between the 7th and 8th centuries AD, but its major monuments were sacked and systematically burned around AD 550.

Teotihuacan began as a religious center in the Mexican Highlands around the first century AD. It became the largest and most populated center in the pre-Columbian Americas. Teotihuacan was even home to multi-floor apartment compounds built to accommodate this large population.The term Teotihuacan (or Teotihuacano) is also used for the whole civilization and cultural complex associated with the site.


Shiva lingam Vatican.

Here is some more interesting information on Saint Peter‘s Courtyard in Vatican city’s aerial view, It is that of Shiva Linga!


Shiva in Mexico.

Chihuahua district in Mexico derives its name from the root Shivava, named after a native American;Tamaulipas-Tamralipta;Nayarit-Nairitti..

Shivava means the Temple of Shiva in Native American pronunciation.

The early Kings were known as Nayars.

Other etymological connections.

Tabasco-Taba Kosh-place of meditation.

Chiapas-Shiva Pas-Chiefs of Shiva.


The Pilgrim site of Chalma,Mexico was a Shiva Temple.


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Hindu temples Design. Image

Temple Construction Pdf Texts Not Veda Upa Veda Temple Construction 3

I seem to landing on controversies when I start writing in detail.

I have written on Temple construction History.

I have mentioned that temple Worship is not mentioned in the Vedas.

A reader had sent me information that it is a part of Atharva Veda,called Stapatya Veda.

There are articles by eminent people like Sri.Ganapathy Sthapathi and Maharishiahesh Yogi on Vaasthu SASTRA.

My observation is as under.

Vedas are Four,Rig,Yajur,Sama and Atharva.

There are six Angas of Veda.

None of them talk about temple construction.

However Shilpa SASTRA is included in the Sixty four Arts.

But they are not a part of Vedas.

Vedas talk about Reality, propitiation of Devas in Samhita,Rituals in Brahmanas , Aranyakas and pure philosophy in Upanishads.

The Arts,which includes Dhanur Veda,Archery, is not a Veda imparting knowledge of Reality.

And Shilpa SASTRA is about Sculpture and not about temple construction.

To my knowledge there is no Upa Veda.

Those with information may send with the text.

Temple construction is from a later period,from Agama.

(There is a rider here. Saraswati valley,Indus, Harappan civilisations are now found to have Dravidian Origin. I shall be writing in detail.)

To my knowledge,there is no ancient Dravidian text on Temple construction.

All of them are in Sanskrit and Brahmi.

And there is a difference between Hindu and Buddhist Architecture.

That the fact Tamils built Temples without Tamil text goes to prove that Sanatana Dharma was a part of Tamil polity.

At which point they merged and got differentiated is difficult to find.

Agamas came south from the descendants of Viswamitra.

(Reference. History of Tamils by PT Srinivasa Iengar.)

The corpus of Vedic Sanskrit texts includes:

  • The Samhitas (Sanskrit saṃhitā, “collection”), are collections of metric texts (“mantras”). There are four “Vedic” Samhitas: the Rig-Veda, Sama-Veda, Yajur-Veda, and Atharva-Veda, most of which are available in several recensions (śākhā). In some contexts, the term Veda is used to refer to these Samhitas. This is the oldest layer of Vedic texts, apart from the Rigvedic hymns, which were probably essentially complete by 1200 BCE, dating to c. the 12th to 10th centuries BCE. The complete corpus of Vedic mantras as collected in Bloomfield’s Vedic Concordance (1907) consists of some 89,000 padas (metrical feet), of which 72,000 occur in the four Samhitas.
  • The Brahmanas are prose texts that comment and explain the solemn rituals as well as expound on their meaning and many connected themes. Each of the Brahmanas is associated with one of the Samhitas or its recensions.The Brahmanas may either form separate texts or can be partly integrated into the text of the Samhitas. They may also include the Aranyakas and Upanishads.
  • The Aranyakas, “wilderness texts” or “forest treaties”, were composed by people who meditated in the woods as recluses and are the third part of the Vedas. The texts contain discussions and interpretations of ceremonies, from ritualistic to symbolic meta-ritualistic points of view. It is frequently read in secondary literature.
  • Older Mukhya Upanishads (Bṛhadāraṇyaka, Chandogya, Kaṭha, Kena, Aitareya, and others).

The Vedas (sruti) are different from Vedic era texts such as Shrauta Sutras and Gryha Sutras, which are smriti texts. Together, the Vedas and these Sutras form part of the Vedic Sanskrit corpus.


The texts on Construction are as follows.

Stapatyaeda uses the circadian cycle, yet this knowledge expands to include the universe itself. The five elements — air, earth, fire, water and space — are also important factors in building design.
Homes and buildings are cardinally positioned north, south, east and west. The orientation of the home is the primary consideration and the entrance is ideally facing east, which is governed by the rising sun. The only acceptable alternative would be a north facing entrance. South facing buildings are unacceptable.

Stapatya Veda

Maharishi Vastu Architecture (MVA) is a set of architectural and planning principles assembled by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi based on “ancient Sanskrit texts”Maharishi Vastu Architecture is also called “Maharishi Sthapatya Veda” (MVA), “Fortune-Creating” buildings and homes,and “Maharishi Vedic architecture”


The body of Vastu knowledge is monumental with lakhs of shlokas, which were handed down to succeeding generations by word of mouth and through hand written monographs such as:

  • Manasara Silpa Shastra (by Manasara),
  • Mayamatam (by the Mayasuras),
  • iswakarma Vaastushastra (by Viswakarma),
  • Samarangana Sutradara (by Raja Bhoja),
  • Aparajita Priccha (a dialogue between Viswakarma and his son Aparajita, written by Bhuvanadevacharya) Silparatna.
  • Other treatises such as Agni Puranaand works by Kautilya and Sukracharya are not popular even though they preceded the above mentioned documents.

There is a distinction of style based on the place of origin of the Text. Mayamatam and Mansara Silpa Shastra are considered Dravidian because they are from South India whereas Viswaskarama Vaastu Shastra is considered Aryan due to its North Indian origin


Construction texts in PDF.

Source. Hinduonline.









There is Maya connection in Mayamatam.

Will write on this.

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Pallavavaneswaram Temple.image

Oldest Temple Construction Dravida? History of Temple Construction 2

Vedas are four



Sama and Atharva.

In addition to this there are six more,Vedanga,Limbs of the Vedas.

They are,
Siksha,Vyakarana,Chandas,Niruktha, Jyothisha and Kalpa.

None of these relate to Temple construction.

This is in tune with the Vedic approach of Reality being Abstract .

Each Veda has Anugrahamani on this subject.

To explain the meaning of the Vedas there is a special Group called Niruktham.

There are six sub texts of the Vedas called Vedangas.

They are Siksha,Vyakarana,Chandas,NirukthamJyothisham and kalpa.


However,the Puranas and Smritis refer to temple construction.

It may be noted that the Smritis do not have the same authority as Vedas.

Smritis are traditions being followed.

In case of conflict between Veda and Smritis,Vedas are the deciding authority.

One may find references to Temple building in Puranas.

Also how to construct divine images.

Agni Purana describes methods of constructing Shiva Lingam.

Puranas are ancient history and as such they are facts and they are not the final authority.

However they are sign posts for Righteous Living

So the concept of Temples is not a part of Vedas.

This ,as mentioned in my earlier article,is a later Concept.

And this concept seems to have been of Dravidian origin.

The earliest temple of Murugan is found in Saluvarkuppam, Pondicherry,India.

It is dated around Fourth century BC.

The Guruvayur temple of Lord Krishna was built by a Chola king.

The Temple is constructed B.C 3000(Around 5000 years oldest Temple) According to legends, the deity worshipped here is more than 5000 years old. But there are no historical records to establish it. In the 14th century, “Kokasandesam” (a Tamil literary work), references to a place called Kuruvayur are made. As early as the 16th century (fifty years after Narayaniyamwas composed) many references to Kuruvayur are seen’


And the temples of South India seem to be more ancient and are of different architecture.

Shiva worship in Tamil seems to have preceded the Vedas.

(This is a contentious issue as it is difficult to say which language , Sanskrit or Tamil,is more ancient.)

Thiruvananthapuram ,Abode of Shiva is 3.94 Billion years old.

Tirupati is 2100 Million Years old.

The worship of Vedic deities are found in ancient Tamil literature.

The Tamils classified Land into five Regions.

Kurinji,Mountaneous Region,God Murugan,

Marutham, Paddy fields,Indra.

Mullai,Forest land, Vishnu,Maayon,

Neydhal,Seashore,God Varuna and Paalai,Desert,God Kotravai,Durga.

One finds these in the oldest Tamil work available, Tholkappiyam,A book on Tamil Grammar.

So the concept of Personal God’s are present both in Sanskrit and Tamil

Curiously,Shiva is not mentioned in Tholkappiyam as God of a specific land area!

This point made me arrive at the hypothesis that Shiva was a human being and that He was the First to Realize Brahman through Vaasi Yoga!

Temple description abounds in Tamil literature.

Silappadikaram,one of the Five Tamil Epics mentions this.

Temple for Kotravai and Indra.

Now Poompuhar remains are dated to be 11000 Years ago!

Now on the find of the material being dated 11000 Years sets the Tamil History and the Sanatana Dharma back at least by 20,000 years.

But the Tamil Sangams are dated at

“that the first two of which were held in cities since “taken by the sea”, and the third of which was held during the 5th century BC in the present-day city of Madurai.'(wiki).

Silappadikaram has been dated to likely belong to the beginning of Common era.


References of temples in Silappadikaram.

They also stop at a temple where “Aiyai, goddess of hunters” is being worshiped.
When leaving the city of Puhar, Kannagi and Kovalan pass by “the great Vishnu temple”, “seven Buddhist Viharas”, and “wandering Jain monks” (26) all within close proximity to each other showing the obvious acceptance of multiplicity. At the time of Kannagi and Kovalan “Brahmanism (Hinduism), Jainism, and Buddhism – were at the time harmoniously coexisting in the south” (Adigal VIII).


Description: This is one of the 2 Shivastalams in the ancient Chola seashore capital of of Poompuhaar, a popular tourist destination, the other one beingTiruchaaikkadu.. Pallavaneeswaram is the 10th in the series of Tevara Stalangal on the northern banks of the river Kaveri in the Chola region of Tamilnadu. Temples in existence in Puhaar have been mentioned in the ancient Tamil work, Silappadikaaram. This is a shrine at the confluence of the Kaveri with the ocean. Poompuhaar was once a hoary port of the Cholas and is now a tourist attraction. The remnants of Puhar are seen under the ocean. Kovalan and Kannaki of Silappatikaram are said to have been born here.The Temple: This is a small temple with a 5 tiered Rajagopuram and a single prakaram. A Pallava king’s association with the temple lends the name.


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Three Hundred Million Years Pranava Veda Fifth of Nine Vedas Aindhiram Tamil?

Vedas,the Scripture of Hindus, are quite ancient,have been transmitted,are being transmitted this even now and they are believed to be ‘Not Man-made’,Apauresheya’

They are the inhaling and exhaling of Breath of Brahman,the Reality.

This Reality is beyond speech,thought,time and space.

To realise the Reality many paths have been set by people who have Realised It.

These experiences are recorded in the Vedas.

In the form of Mantras and Sukthas.

Vedas provide solutions to mundane problems as well.

Though the Reality is One and abstract,it can be realised by following procedures laid down in the Vedas.

This path is a little difficult.

This process is Called Nirguna Upasana,that is attempting to Realize Brahman as One Beyond Attributes.

So another system was developed, taking into consideration the limited nature of Mind.

This is Saguna Upasana.

That is by praying to Individual Gods.

As the Vedas have been transmitted orally,it is difficult to the date of origin.

Taking some parameters like the Sanskrit used in Vedas,The oldest Veda,Rig Veda is currently dated around 5000 Years ago.

This is way of the mark considering the facts that,

Ramayana,which came much later is now dated at 5114 BC

Mahabharata is dated around 5000 BC,

(I have explained how Ramayana and Mahabharata are dated so close despite the information that these two are separated by thousands of years)

The archeological evidence unearthed in India, Russia and all over the world ,sets the time line of Vedas by thousands of years.

And fresh evidence points out that the Rig Veda was composed in The Arctic.

That alone pushes it’s date back to Hyperborea,that to million years.

And a million year old advanced Tamil site near Chennai, India refers to Vedas and Vedas refer to Tamil,an ancient language of India.

Tamil and Sanskrit run parallel and compliment each other.

The Vedas’ Date may be investigated from Tamil literature.

And Tamil had a Religious system which includes Sanatana Dharma.

In addition Tamil has systems not fully developed in the Vedas.

For example the Vaasi Yoga by Lord Shiva,whose Disciple Panini wrote the Sanskrit Grammar.

Patanjali,a disciple of Lord Shiva wrote the yoga Sutras,which is a prelude to Vaasi Yoga.

Unfortunately Not much is known about Vaasi Yoga,though sufficient information is available for Seekers.

The Tamils home land was Lemuria.

It is dated around 300 million years ago.

At the time of its existence,the sunken continent of Atlantis was in place.

Lord Rama fought with Atlantis people to extend his Empire.

Rama and the first Human being was Many.

Many was from the South, Dravida Desa and migrated to Ayodhya due to a Tsunami.

His son Ikshvsku founded the Surya vamsa, the Solar Dynasty.

Manu’s daughter Ila founded the Chandra Vamsa,Lunar Dynasty.

The Tamil philosophical system had a unique feature not found in the Vedas

That of Siddha,Realized Souls.

They are Realised souls much like the Yogins.

It is worth mentioning that Yoga is not mentioned as a system in the Vedas.

Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras came much later.

But Shiva,who is considered as the first Siddha,Adi Siddha,in Tamil and is considered to have founded the Tamil language,along with Sanskrit.

Shiva’s avatars are not found in detail in the north of Vindhya mountains,while South of Vindhya,the Dakshina pada, Dravida Desa details avatars, sixty four in number.

The landmass which was the Tamils home is about 300 Million year old, Lemuria.

These people and those adjoining Lemuria,The MU were highly advanced.

Ancient Tamil Advaita is found in Thirumandhiram,by Thirumoolar.

And the Tamils had and have a vast literature.

The Sangam period saw some finest httpsliterature.

It is currently dated around 3000 years ago.

But consequent to the dating of Poompuhar,Tamil Nadu to 20,000 years ago,the history of Tamil Sangam goes farther back.

The oldest Tamil literature available now is Tholkappiyam,a Book on Grammar and this belongs to second Tamil Sangam.

There was an earlier Tamil Grammar Work Aindhiram,which was lost to a Tsunami.

Aindhira is presumed to be Indra ,A Vedic Deity.

He is reported to have written this grammar.

Tholkappiyam indicates that it follows Aindhiram.

It is worth noting that Valmiki was a Tamil Sangam poet.

So was Tholkappiyar,who wrote Tholkappiyam.

Now recent research Sri.Ganapathi Sthapathi states that Aindhiram was written by Mamuni Mayan.

This treatise was lost due to Tsunami.

This is the fist Veda from which the Four Vedas,Rig,Yajur Sama and Atharva sprang.

The four Vedas were not perfect.

Interesting concept.

The basis for the concept rests on the following.

1. Tamil land Lemuria was older.

2.The Tamils had a distinct identity.

3.The term Pranav’s Veda is referred in Bhagavathi and some Puranas.

4.The Mayan civilisation sprang from Tamils.

5.Mayan Sculpture and architecture follows Tamil systems.

It is true that Mayan civilisation had its roots in Bharatavatsha,of which Tamils were a part.

Tamils followed Sanatana Dharma.

However they had distinct identity in worship.

The Vedas speak of Fire Worship.But Tamil worship did not include fires worship at the beginning.

However references to fire worship in the form Yagnyas are found from the days of Perunchotru Udhiyan Neduncheralaathan,a Cheers king,who donated areas for Dwelling of Brahmins.

He also took part in the Mahabharata war.

This places him in the Mahabharata Era.

Madurai Meenakshi’s father took part in the Mahabharata war, fought along side the Pandavas.

And as stated earlier Valmiki vwho wrote Ramayana was a Tamil Siddha and he wrote a Tamil poem.

The Vaasi Yoga of Tamils preceded Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras.

However the concept that the Pranav’s Veda is perfect and others are not so seems to be without basis.

I had written in detail about thePranava Veda being imparted by Lord Subrahmanya to Shiva at Swamimalai,Tamil Nadu.

On perusal of available material on the net ,Pranava Veda seems to concentrate more on Cosmology.

The importance of OM and Light is stressed along with principles of Cosmos.

There are also points of reference to Realisation,though not in vivid detail as found in the Vedas.

That Aindhiram is the source for this text is hard to digest.

Records available indicate that it is a book on Grammar and not a Scriptural text.

And the Texts quoted from Pranav’s Veda seem to be more on Vaasthu,that is rules of architecture.

The Pranava Veda texts also speak of Temple construction.

Vedas do not speak of Temple Worship nor do they mention public Worship.

Iswara Pranidhana concept was introduced by Patanjali in his Yoga Sutras.

Prior to this individual deity worship is not found in Smritis.

However one of the oldest temples in India ,Thiruvellarai was built by King Sibi,a Chola.

He was the ancestor of Lord Rama and he had his second capital in what is now the NWFP of Pakistan.

The concept of Building temple originated during the Period of Agama composition.

Agama lays down rules for Temple construction and these are followed even today.

Please refer my articles on Agama for details.

The Agama System was after Sage Viswamitra.

Sage Viswamitra banished his sons to Dravida Desa,for disobeying and questioning him .

(Please refer my articles on this and other points mentioned in this article for details.

I am providing a couple of links and more can be found in this site.)

They found Tamil cultures to be quite advanced and their descendent Apasthamba formed the Apasthamba Sutra for The Four Vedas.

This is followed till today by those living south of the Vindhya Mountains.

Apasthamba also wrote Treatises on way of Living,called Gruhya Sutras.

There he incorporated the non Vedic Concept of Thirumangalyam for women in marriage.

Vedic marriage is complete when Sapthapathi is completed.

No Maangalya Dhaarana is mentioned.

So the best practices of Sanatana Dharma and Tamils, in the opinion of Apasthamba, were incorporated in Apasthamba Sutras.

Hence there was a free flow of thoughts between Vedic and Tamil people.

And there is no proprietary right over Vedas for Brahmins.

Those who write on Pranava Veda speak of Pranava Veda as one that belongs to Viswamitra and People belonging to the Viswakarma community need not follow other Vedas and Pranava Veda is mainly addressed to Viswakarmas.

Nothing can be farther from Truth.

There is also a mention of names of Asuras and their characters were misinformation.

This is also incorrect.

Based on available resources it appears to me , that,

Pranava Veda is Scripture ,

It speaks of Pranava,OM and cosmology in detail as compared to Vedas,

Siddha concepts are found in Pranava Veda,

It deals more with Vaasthu and Sculpture and Architecture,

It is in Tamil,

It is not Aindhiram,

Mamuni Mayon could have complied it,

It is not Veda as is understood now in that it does not have enough material to call it as such

And the origin of finding the manuscript from Saraswati Mahal is not backed up by facts,like where the the man who found them lived and how the texts are interpreted,other than some foundations repeating the same fact and references in Theosophy.

I am yet to see Tamil Text of Pranava Veda.

More research is needed to arrive at a firm objective conclusion.

Will write more on Pranava Veda,It’s concepts,Mayasura,Mamuni Mayon,Mayan and Tamil civilisation,though I have written on the last mentioned.

However,as per Russian Tradition there are Nine Vedas and only four were released to Bharathavarsha.

The Rig Veda was composed in the Arctic.

Krishn’a son Pradhyumna built a city in Por Baijn, Sibria,

River Volga was the cradle of Vedic civilization

Russia was called Rishi Varsha and also as Sthree Varsha, a country ruled by women,

It belonged to Ila Varsha od Indian Puranas,

Lake Baikal was Vaikanasa Theertha,

Indra’s Amravathi was Arkaim,

Swasthik Rig Vedic Mandala city was built in Russia.


Pranava Veda.

What we see above is called the “Five fold Veda.” This is the “source” Veda that presents the scientific manifestation process (Pranava Veda) and the four products of that manifestation (poetry, music, dance, and architecture).

All of these “forms” (poetry, music, dance, architecture) are generated from the Unmanifest Space or Brahmam based on SPACE, TIME, SOUND and LIGHT which give rise to all aural and visual forms in the manifest world. In this science and technology, each of these manifest forms of paravastu or Vastu are governed by a common grammar of Kaala manaa (time units) called Taala maana.The dominant and all pervasive element in the creation of these forms is the concept and process of the unmanifest becoming manifest by its own creative nature.

Based upon this theory of manifestation, and to signify the Five Fold Veda, the Shilpis have created a form with five heads. This form is called Vishwakarman. It represents the five Vedas, that is the Pranava Veda which is the instruction manual for how the Unmanifest (Vastu) turns Itself into Manifest creation (Vaastu) and the four products of that manifestation (poetry, music, dance and architecture).


Pranava Veda, Theosophy angle.

This material is provided by Dr. Guy Pettitt; below this table of contents is his introductory letter on this rare resource.

The following links open .pdf files (usewww.adobe.com for the reader)

With any problems, please contact the webmaster, vicktorya, at vsk @ makara . us (remove spaces)


Lemuria 300 Million Years Old




Featured post

Thirty One Lakh Christian NGOs Receive 51,000 Crore

While the technic of converting Hindus to Christianity was one of trying to pose as scholars of Hinduism,like Max Mueller,Veeramamunivar in Tamil,opening educational institutions in India till recently.

Over the past decade the track has changed, though these old practices exist,albeit on a low key.

What is being done now is to Indianise Christianity,by,

Wearing Thirumangalyam,in Tamil Nadu,

Jesus Suprabhatha,Jesus Sahasranamam,Astotra,

Building Churches modelled after Hindu temples,

Aksharabhyasa,that is of initiating child into education,by making the child write in Rice Grain,

Wearing Saffron dhoties in Church.


And they pose as Brahmins to convert Hindus.

They distort history by outrageous lied like Thirukkural ,the ancient Tamil was written by Thiruvalluvar on the advice of Saint Thomas,who never visited India!

They also propagate that Christ was a Hindu Yogi and his tomb is Kashmir!

When my elder brother expired last year,I received a letter from a Christian institution that they would pray for my brother by coming to our home!

Needless to say that I tore up the letter.

One look at the self styled protectors of Tamil in Tamil Nadu will make aware that they are Christians ,hiding behind pure Tamil Name,like Thirumurugan Gandhi whose real name is Daniel!

And the amount of money available is staggering.

Any issue,in Tamil Nadu,is made political saying it is against Tamils and the poor.

Development programmes are no exception.

Sedition is their staple diet.

What is the source of income for these people?

Many of them do not have a profession or business to support their style of living.

The answer lies in Christian NGOs in India.

There are over *2,34,000 Christian NGOs in India, according to the affidavit filed by CBI in the court.

And only 8 % of them have filed returns!

Appearing for the CBI, additional solicitor general L N Rao told a bench of Justices H L Dattu, R K Agrawal and Arun Kumar Mishra that in West Bengal, there were around 2,34,000 NGOs but only 16,000, that is about 8%, had filed their audited reports on receipt of grants and expenditure.

The court had in September last year entrusted the CBI with the gigantic task of compiling information about all registered NGOs in the country, their funding and audit reports after advocate M L Sharma filed a PIL alleging irregularities in an NGO linked to social activist Anna Hazare.

In an earlier affidavit, the CBI had conservatively estimated the number of NGOs in the country to be over 20 lakh. Uttar Pradesh alone had 5,48,194 NGOs. Kerala had 3,69,137 NGOs, Maharashtra 1,07,797 and Madhya Pradesh over 1,40,000.

While Kerala and Maharashtra gave details of finances of the NGOs operating in their area, Madhya Pradesh gave partial information about their funding. Gujarat was completely silent.

* Figures as on 2014.



The first-ever exercise by the CBI to map registered NGOs has disclosed that India has at least 31 lakh NGOs—more than double the number of schools in the country, 250 times the number of government hospitals, one NGO for 400 people as against one policeman for 709 people….



In Tamil Hindu tradition, Periyanayagi is the name of the consort of Shiva. She is a goddess in her own right and is part and parcel of the vital aspect of Shiva. She is primordial and independently divine. She is Brahman. On the other hand, Mary in Christian theology is not even part of the Holy Trinity. She is only a saint—a rank well below the male deity in Christianity. Saints in Christian theology are sort of divine brokers between the devotee and the Christian deity seeking the mercy of the deity for the devout. Thus, when the Catholic Church allows the use of the name of a Hindu goddess for Mary, it not only appropriates the name of the deity but also downgrades the name in view of the Christian theological context. It is not inclusive culture. It is theology of aggressive spiritual deceit.



Foreign funds received by Christian NGOs in India.

Samarth Bansal.NEW DELHI: 03 AUGUST 2016 01:21 IST

As of July 2016, 33,091 NGOs were registered under the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act, which regulates foreign funding to these bodies.

A total of 3,068 non-governmental organisations (NGOs) received foreign funding above Rs. 22,000 crore in 2014-15, according to government data presented in response to a question in Parliament.

These are NGOs who reported receiving more than Rs. 1 crore from foreign donors. This amount was 83.3 per cent (nearly double) more than the Rs. 12,000 crore received by 2,301 such NGOs during 2013-14. As much as Rs. 7,300 crore — or 33 per cent of the total — went to NGOs based in Delhi and Tamil Nadu alone.

In fact, 80 per cent of this funding went to NGOs based in seven States — Delhi, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and West Bengal.

As of July 2016, 33,091 NGOs were registered under the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act, which regulates foreign funding to these bodies.

Delhi, T.N. NGOs get chunk of foreign funds

The total funds received from abroad during the last three years and the current year is Rs. 51,000 crore, the Home Ministry said in response to a question in Parliament last week.

“Delhi has always been the top recipient as many international charities are registered in the capital and funds are then passed on to other States. Similarly, Maharashtra figures [high] on the list as many organisations register in Bombay,” Mathew Cherian, Chairperson of Voluntary Action Network India told The Hindu.

Granular data with details of funders and recipients is not available after 2011-12. In that year, the highest foreign contribution was received by the World Vision of India, Tamil Nadu, (Rs. 233.38 crore), followed by the Believers Church India, Kerala (Rs. 190.05 crore), Rural Development Trust, Andhra Pradesh (Rs. 144.39 crore), Indian Society Of Church Of Jesus Christ Of Latter Day Saints, Delhi (Rs. 130.77 crore) and Public Health Foundation of India, Delhi (Rs. 130.31 crore).

Faith-based charities tend to attract more foreign funding, Mr. Cherian said. “Southern States get more foreign money due to the presence of Christian organisations,” he added.



Featured post

Approach God Mother Amba Thaayaar Details

The approach to God and Goddess in Hinduism is highly personal.

One can experience Godhood through either emotions or Reason.

Reason is a double edged sword.

The moment you think you have arrived at a conclusion,your mind questions you and you become indecisive.

Mind is constantly in turmoil.

Hinduism calls Mind,which is also called one of the senses of Perception,is an impediment to self realisation or reaching God.

The use of Intellect,which operates at a higher level than Mind, in self realisation or God,comes under Gnana and Karma Yoga.

These two Yogas are difficult to practice.

The Emotional route to Self Realisation or God is Bhakti Yoga.

Bhakti Yoga needs one important approach.

That of emotional attachment.

And the Will to surrender to God.

This ,too,is difficult.

Hinduism has devised a way to facilitate this.

Whatever one may say,it is heart that rules over reason.

So Hinduism approaches the issue from this angle.

It allows people to relate to God through personal relationship.

You can worship God as Mother,Father, Brother, Sister,Friend,Guide,Lover….

Human beings warm to relationships.

Once when one is attached to God in this frame of Mind,realising God becomes easy.

One such intimate relationship is Mother.

This relationship is universal and supercedes all relationships.

Therefore Hinduism relies heavily on this concept.

Those who follow Saivism call Goddess as Amba,meaning Mother.

And those who follow Vaishnavam call Goddess as Thaayaar,Mother.

The male representation of God concept is incomplete without the female aspect God,Goddess.

Shiva is conceived with Shakti and Vishnu with Sri,Lakshmi.

Featured post

Gayatri Mantra Celestial Doppler Phenomena of Sun Research Proves

While searching for new researches relating to Gayatri Mantra,I changed upon a research study,which has used Ramani’s blog as one of the sources.

Though many books and articles have used and are using Ramani’s blog as one of the sources to validate ancient thoughts, I am particularly happy when Scientists take reference to my articles.

I have mentioned in Pages of this blog that Phds have been obtained in France,taking this blog as reference.

I am happy that the academic community, researchers are taking the ancient wisdom of India seriously and are subjecting it to Rigorous scientific scrutiny.

I have written quite a few articles on the intricate details of Gayatri,Savitri and Saraswati and also on research results on Gayatri Mantra.

May this tribe of Scientists increase to bring out the priceless wisdom of ancient India to light for the welfare of Mankind.

I pray Goddess Abhirami to Bless this noble souls.

For Hinduism is nothing but Science.

The problem is it is highly advanced and we do do not have dedicated people to verify what is stated in Hinduism.

And as compared to ancient thoughts,we are now at a nascent stage.

We need more advanced technology and insight into understanding the concepts of Hinduism.

The Gayatri mantra is dedicated to Surya,Sun.

The present study proves that,

The Gayatri, is a Celestial Doppler phenomena of IRS event
that exhibits the Suns’ visible spectrum shift from red to blue
within 45-100 nm wavelength range due to Earths’ rotation.

Abstract of Research Study.

The Gayatri, is a Celestial Doppler phenomena of IRS event
that exhibits the Suns’ visible spectrum shift from red to blue
within 45-100 nm wavelength range due to Earths’ rotation.
The Doppler induced IRS on-set time depends on the angular
velocity of planets’ axis rotation and tilting of the planets’ axis,
while the intensity of twilight and noon skylight is attributed to
Rayleigh scattering. It contributes to the varied the intensity of
large red shifted polarized twilight skylight in Sun rise and the
least polarized blue shifted sky light at the noon phase. This
concept would be further extended to other planets orbiting
the sun and the moon orbiting the planets of the solar system



Few of the references for the Study.

1. Taimne, K: The Daily Religious Practice of the Hindus,
Allahabad, India Anand Publishers: 1974.
2. http://Sanskrit documents.org/articles/My Pilgrimage to
Gayatri Mantra.html.
3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Gayatri Mantra.
4. http://sanskrit dictionary.
5. http://www. andrabharati.com/dictionary/Sanskrit.
6. https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2014/04/08/three-
7. Sri Santhya Vandanam, Srivatsa Somadeva Sarma: Vaideega
Dharma, Chennai, Vardani Publication. 1952.

Featured post

Mantras To Stop Rains, Floods Natural Calamities.

Nature behaves as has been.

We assume that,while the going is good,it would always be so.

Not so.

There is a saying in Tamil that there is none who has prospered continuously for ten years,nor one who has suffered for ten years.

Life ,which includes Nature,is a Cycle.

Every thing occurs in a Cycle.

So are droughts,Astronomical phenomenon and Natural calamities.

Few seconds of Earthquakes or Volcanic eruption inflict damage for thousands of years .

Man ,in his arrogance,not realising that he can not even be identified as Cosmic speck in the universe, believes ,with his pet toy,Science,he can prevent calamities and Nature.

There is something we do not know.

Hinduism understands this limitation and devised its religious systems.

There are mantras to cure diseases,to bring rainfall.

Conversely there are mantras to induce diseases and to prevent natural calamities, like flood,costing lives.

I am furnishing mantras to prevent calamities ,limit damages from rain,flood.

Tantric system.

Basma,ashes are to be taken from the burning ghat.

Two bricks are needed.

Place one brick on the ground.

Draw four vertical lines on it.

Then place the other brick on it,after chanting the following mantra, 108 Times, in the image.

Mantra for flood.image

Flood control mantra.

2. Krishna Krishna Mahabaaho

Thvan nam Gokulam Prabho,

Dhraathumarhasi Devaana Kubhithaath Bhakthavatsala.

-Govardhana Uttaranam,Narayaneeyam.

Chant for 108 times.

3.For those who know Tamil,following Hymn may be chanted 108 times.

It is by Sundarar port by Nayanar,sung at Thirupungur Temple, Tamil Nadu to stop rains.

3. Mantra to prevent Natural calamities.

Chant the manta in the image 108 times.




Rain making Mantra

Featured post

World’s First Mental Hospital by Rajendra Deva Rajaraja Chola Grandson 1100AD.

India has contributed to the world,










Advanced Physics and Astronomy,




Atomic theory,




Medical equipment,





I can go on adding.

I have written on each of these and more.

Please search term+ ramanan50.

The field of medicine was given priority.

And it is ordained that no fees is to be collected for treating patients and for medicine.

Danvantri is the God of Medicine along with Aswini Devatas.

Featued image is of Lord Danvantri .

Hindus believe both in Mantra ,Mundane cure and Sastra,Surgery.

Early Hindus had home remedies.

Even today,in every Hindu Kitchen one box with Five compartments may be found.

It is called Anjaraipetti in Tamil, meaning ‘ box with Five compartments’

This has,




Fenugreek, and

Cumin seeds.

By a combination of these most of the common illnesses were cured.

Every king had a Royal physician.

Every village had a medical facility.

In this article let us see how Tamil King Rajaraja Chola organised hospitals.

History records that,

The earliest documented institutions aiming to provide cures were ancient Egyptiantemples. In ancient Greece, temples dedicated to the healer-god Asclepius, known as Asclepieia (Ancient Greek: Ἀσκληπιεῖα, sing. Asclepieion, Ἀσκληπιεῖον), functioned as centres of medical advice, prognosis, and healing.At these shrines, patients would enter a dream-like state of induced sleep known as enkoimesis (ἐγκοίμησις) not unlike anesthesia, in which they either received guidance from the deity in a dream or were cured by surgery. Asclepeia provided carefully controlled spaces conducive to healing and fulfilled several of the requirements of institutions created for healing. In the Asclepieion of Epidaurus, three large marble boards dated to 350 BC preserve the names, case histories, complaints, and cures of about 70 patients who came to the temple with a problem and shed it there. Some of the surgical cures listed, such as the opening of an abdominal abscess or the removal of traumatic foreign material, are realistic enough to have taken place, but with the patient in a state of enkoimesis induced with the help of soporific substances such as opium.The worship of Asclepius was adopted by the Romans. Under his Roman name Æsculapius, he was provided with a temple (291 BC) on an island in the Tiber in Rome, where similar rites were performed.
Institutions created specifically to care for the ill also appeared early in India. Fa Xian, a Chinese Buddhist monk who travelled across India ca. 400 AD, recorded in his travelogue that

The heads of the Vaishya [merchant] families in them [all the kingdoms of north India] establish in the cities houses for dispensing charity and medicine. All the poor and destitute in the country, orphans, widowers, and childless men, maimed people and cripples, and all who are diseased, go to those houses, and are provided with every kind of help, and doctors examine their diseases. They get the food and medicines which their cases require, and are made to feel at ease; and when they are better, they go away of themselves.

The earliest surviving encyclopaedia of medicine in Sanskrit is the Carakasamhita (Compendium of Caraka). This text, which describes the building of a hospital is dated by the medical historian Dominik Wujastykto the period between 100 BCE and 150 CE.The description by Fa Xian is one of the earliest accounts of a civic hospital system anywhere in the world and this evidence, coupled with Caraka’s description of how a clinic should be built and equipped, suggests that India may have been the first part of the world to have evolved an organized cosmopolitan system of institutionally-based medical provision.King Ashoka is wrongly said by many secondary sources to have founded at hospitals in ca. 230 BCEAccording to the Mahavamsa, the ancient chronicle of Sinhalese royalty, written in the sixth century CE, King Pandukabhaya of Sri Lanka (reigned 437 BCE to 367 BCE) had lying-in-homes and hospitals (Sivikasotthi-Sala) built in various parts of the country. This is the earliest documentary evidence we have of institutions specifically dedicated to the care of the sick anywhere in the world.Mihintale Hospital is the oldest in the world.


The worship of Asclepius was adopted by the Romans. Under his Roman name Æsculapius, he was provided with a temple (291 BC) on an island in the Tiber in Rome, where similar rites were performed.
Institutions created specifically to care for the ill also appeared early in India. Fa Xian, a Chinese Buddhist monk who travelled across India ca. 400 AD, recorded in his travelogue that

The heads of the Vaishya [merchant] families in them [all the kingdoms of north India] establish in the cities houses for dispensing charity and medicine. All the poor and destitute in the country, orphans, widowers, and childless men, maimed people and cripples, and all who are diseased, go to those houses, and are provided with every kind of help, and doctors examine their diseases. They get the food and medicines which their cases require, and are made to feel at ease; and when they are better, they go away of themselves.

The earliest surviving encyclopaedia of medicine in Sanskrit is the Carakasamhita (Compendium of Caraka). This text, which describes the building of a hospital is dated by the medical historian Dominik Wujastykto the period between 100 BCE and 150 CE.The description by Fa Xian is one of the earliest accounts of a civic hospital system anywhere in the world and this evidence, coupled with Caraka’s description of how a clinic should be built and equipped, suggests that India may have been the first part of the world to have evolved an organized cosmopolitan system of institutionally-based medical provision.King Ashoka is wrongly said by many secondary sources to have founded at hospitals in ca. 230 BCEAccording to the Mahavamsa, the ancient chronicle of Sinhalese royalty, written in the sixth century CE, King Pandukabhaya of Sri Lanka (reigned 437 BCE to 367 BCE) had lying-in-homes and hospitals (Sivikasotthi-Sala) built in various parts of the country. This is the earliest documentary evidence we have of institutions specifically dedicated to the care of the sick anywhere in the world.Mihintale Hospital is the oldest in the world.


The treatment of mentally ill persons in asylums was started by the Arabs in the ancient city of Baghdad in 705 AD and then at Cairo in 800 AD. Later the famous European asylums such as Bedlam, Salpetriere and the Madrid asylum were established. The Bethlem asylum which was commonly known as Bedlam was started in London in 1247 AD. Its location was changed many times in its long and chequered career. The Paris hospital for the treatment of mentally ill women, Salpetriere was founded by Louis XIV (1643-1715). It was originally the royal gunpowder factory, which, because of frequent accidental explosions was converted into an asylum. Pinel had liberated mentally ill patients from chains for the first time in the hospitals of Bicetre and Salpetriere.

There is no mention of specific care for the mentally ill in the Tamil land prior to the Thirumukkudal epigraph (see below). Many of the afflicted, both mental and physical, took “asylum” in the areas adjoining the temples devoted to saivite and vaishnavite Vedic religions and the Jain and Buddhist monasteries (quite prevalent in those days). Some such temples in Tamil Nadu which are frequented to, by people with mental illnesses, even to this day are situated in Gunasilam, Tiruvidaimaruthur, and Sholingur.

The most important and relevant epigraph pertaining to the treatment of the afflicted in a hospital set up (Aadhular Salai) is found in Thirumukkudal temple of Lord Venkateswara (situated on the road between Chengalpattu and Kanchipuram). This temple is situated at the confluence of three sacred rivers Vegavati, Cheyyar and Palar (hence the name Thirumukkudal).


This temple was built by Veera Rajendra Deva (1063-1069 AD). He is the son of the famous Chola emperor Rajendra (1014-1044 AD) who led a successful expedition to the Ganges valley and established a maritime empire comprising of Kadaram (modern Kedah of Malaysia and adjoining areas) and Srivijaya (modern Sumatra). Rajendra also established diplomatic relations with Cambodia and China. His son, Veera Rajendra successfully subdued the Western Chalukyas, the combined forces of the Cheras and Pandyas, and also established his supremacy over the Eelam territory (modern Sri Lanka). He was also very religious like his father and grandfather, and built a number of temples including the one at Thirumukkudal.

The inscription, found in this temple, is probably the first of its kind to give the composition of a small hospital of 15 beds and its staff. The hospital functioned in the Jananatha Mandapam in this temple. The hospital was named Veera Cholesvara Hospital and was provided with 15 beds. The hospital staff comprised of:

  • A doctor
  • A surgeon
  • 2 male nurses who brought herbs and firewood, and prepared medicines
  • 2 female nurses who administered doses of medicines, fed the patients, and attended to the cooking
  • A barber
  • A washer man
  • A potter
  • A gatekeeper.

Provision was made for burning a lamp for the whole night. Drugs were prepared in the hospital in the form of medicated ghee (ghritham), medicated oil (thailam) and medicated water (made by mixing cardamom and lemon). The oil was applied to the body or only to the head and was thought to reduce the heat (anal) in one’s body. The external application of medicines was known as tuvalai. The other routes of administration of medicines were fumigation (vatu pitita), oral route (ullukku kottudal), nasal application (nasiyam), and ocular application (kallikam).The various drugs used were:

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.Object name is IJPsy-56-202-g001.jpg

..It could be surmised that this early Chola Hospital antedating Bethlem Hospital was treating the mentally ill along with the others.



Articles from Indian Journal of Psychiatry are provided here courtesy of Wolters Kluwer — Medknow Publications.


Featured post

What Is Pushkar Day Duties Details

Pushkar is the time when Planet Jupiter,Brahaspathi in Zodiac.

There are, according to Hindu texts seven sacred rivers.

Gange cha yamuneschaiva Godavari Saraswati,

Narmada Sindhu Kaveri Jalesmin Sannithim kuru’

This is the Punyahavaachana Mantra,Prokshana Mantra.

That is this is recited to purify a place and the materials to be used for God and for occasions.

The seven rivers are,






Sindhu and


Yet twelve rivers are also mentioned as sacred.

It is stated in Hindu texts that taking Holy Dip in these rivers would wash away one’s sins and Rituals for ancestors are to be performed here.

Special days are,

Amavasya,New Moon days,

Grahana kaala, Eclipse days,

Months ,Ashaada,Tula,

Dakshinayana,Winter Solstice,

Uttarayana, Summer Solstice, and Sraddha Thithi days of ancestors.

In addition to this,Pushkar is celebrated,once in twelve years.

The Rivers,having absorbed the Sins of those who took bath in them are purified during Pushkar.

For example,the Ganga Pushkar is calculated thus.
Pushkara schedule starts with Ganga River when Jupiter enters into Mesha Raasi which is the first sign in the zodiac. Pushkara schedule for a particular river will be for one year, however, the first twelve days known as Aadi Pushkara and the last twelve days known as Anthya Pushkara are held to be highly sacred.

Pushkaram or Pushkaralu (in Telugu), Pushkara or Pushkar is an Indian festival dedicated to worshipping of rivers.Pushkara or Pushkar is a Sanskrit word derived from the element of Push (Pushti) meaning nourishment and Kara means one who does it. Pushkara is the energy that nourishes. With reference to the sacred rivers, Pushkara means the one who energize the rivers and provide spiritual purification.
Astrologically Jupiter (Brihaspathi) the Devaguru is the most benevolent planet symbolizing the wealth, fortune, learning, knowledge, divinity, progeny, domestic peace, auspiciousness and above all the karaka for occurrence of Pushkaram. Pushkara the Theertharaja always resides in the Kamandalu of Lord Brahma in the sanctified waters that has emerged out from the foot of Lord Sri ManNarayana. Entry of Pushkara into a particular river signifies the Pushkara festival when, all the Brahmaadi Devathas, all the Sages, all the Pithru Devathas, all the Theerthas in this Bhoomandala including Ganga (Ganges) enters into that particular river along with Brihaspathi and Pushkara. This time of their entry into a particular river is considered as highly sacred and celestial that has the power to diminish the ghastly and dreadful sins committed.

Our ancient seers have prescribed certain austerities to be observed during Pushkara time known as Pushkara Vidhi. Most important are Pushkara Snana (taking bath), Pushkara Vaasa (staying), Pushkara Darshana, Siro Mundana (tonsuring of head), Fasting, Pushkara Pithru Karma, and Pushkara Dana (charity).


Featured image credit.



Each river is associated with a zodiac sign, and the river for each year’s festival is based on which zodiac sign the planet Jupiter(Bṛhaspati) is in at that time. There are periods when Jupiter is in retrograde motion, resulting in entry into the same Zodiac sign twice in a year. On such occasions, the second entry of Jupiter is reckoned for celebrating the first part of the festival.


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Jewish Tribes From India DNA Points To South India

Two of the oldest Religions of the world are, Judaism and Sanatana Dharma, Hinduism.

References to Jewish people and Judaism are found in Ancient Hindu texts.

When Dwaraka sank after Lord Krishna’s death,just before it happened, Sage Agastya took seventy two families from Dwaraka to the SouthDravida Desa.

Some of them ,he settled in the border areas between the present Tamil Nadu and Karnataka around Dharmapuri,Salem.

Just after Tsunami sunk Dwaraka,a group of Lord Krishna’s Yadav’s Clan left through the Arabian sea,wandered and eventually settled in what is now Israel.

These were the forefathers of The Jews.

Abraham, Brahmin Priest Migrated from India, Voltaire

Abraham Descendant of Kashmiri Brahmins,Kaul

Of the 22 tribes that left the region in quick succession, the tem that preceded North met with disaster and perished.

Out of the remaining 12 a few families dropped off and settled down in regions currently known as Iraq, Syria, Palestine, Egypt Greece and Russia.
That great exodus took place 5,743 years ago. The Passover year which the Jews commemorate provides a tally of the period elapsed from the time they left India. … One of their monarchs was Solomon.


New evidence from Judaism on this.

And it was written according to all that Mordechai commanded concerning the Yehudim, even to the satraps, and the governors and princes of the provinces which are from India unto Ethiopia.”Esther 8:9 (The Israel Bible™)

The study, published March 24th in PLOS ONE, concluded that the Bnei Israel did share much of their DNA with other Indians. But they also found genetic components that are not present in other Indian groups – components which connect them to the Jewish people.

“The study showed that the genetics of Bnei Israel resemble the local Indian populations, while at the same time constituting a clearly separated and unique population in India,” the study stated. “They are unique among Indian and Pakistani populations we analyzed in sharing considerable genetic ancestry with other Jewish populations.”

The researchers concluded that the original ancestors, Middle Eastern Jews, arrived in India about 19 to 33 generations ago (600 to 1,000 years). They also discovered that there were more men in the group of the original Jews. Many of them married local women.



As archeological evidence predates Hinduism over Judaism,the migration is from India to Israel and not the other way around.

And the earliest Human DNA is found near Madurai,Tamil Nadu,India.

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Homa Cleans Environment Rids Microbes 3870°C Athirathra Study

There are Homas and Yagnyas sanctioned by Vedas, the scriptural authority in Hinduism.

Though performance of both are mandatory,they are different.

Yagnyas need not involve Fire,for example Brahma Yagnyas,whereas Homas involve Fire ,Agni.

Homas are performed with specific purpose in mind,like personal or welfare of the society or for Rains..

But Yagnyas are mandatory.

They are to be performed because they ought to be.

It is A Duty.

Example,Tharpana,Sraddha,Brahma Yagnyas.

The Homa involves Agni,Fire,the Primary God of Sanatana Dharma.

Agni,as Vaisvanara transmits the Oblations to the God addressed in The Homa.(though personal God’s are mentioned in Hinduism,the core of the Vedas describe Reality as Beyond Name and Form.For details click here.

Scientific studies have been done on the efficacy of the Materials used in Homas,like Darbha and the Homas.

Darbha,A scientific study

Many Homas are prescribed in Vedas.

Homas List.

One such is Athirathra Homa.


Athirathra Homa
In the Sanatana Hindu Dharma, Pravargyawas a ceremony introductory to the Agnishtoma (Soma sacrifice), at which fresh milk is poured into a heated vessel called mahavira or gharma and offered to the Ashvins. The ceremony is described in details in the technical texts on proper ritual, the Brahmanas, Aranyakas and Shrautasutras.The temperature in the sun’s chromosphere is 4,320℃. As part of Pravargya (a special ball of fire), a sudden flash of temperature to the tune of 3870℃ is created in order to cleanse the environment.[citation needed] Pravargya almost matches the Sun’s temperature to cleanse the atmosphere.



A Scientific study has the following information.

A 4,000 year old fire ritual conducted in the remote village in Kerala in April this year has a positive impact on the atmosphere, soil and other environment effects, according to scientists who are now ready with their findings.

The “Athirathram” ritual held on April 4— 15 at Panjal village in Thrissur district was the focus of a detailed study by a team of scientists led by Prof V P N Nampoori, former director of the International School of Photonics, Cochin University of Science and Technology.

The scientists had focused on the fire ritual’s scientific dimensions and impact on the atmosphere, soil and its micro—organisms and other potential environmental effects.

The yagna seems to have accelerated the process of seed germination and also the microbial presence in air, water and soil in and around the region of the fire ritual is vastly diminished, according to a statement released by the Varthathe Trust, who organised the ritual.

The team had planted three types of seeds — cowpea, green gram and Bengal gram — on all four sides of the ritual venue at varying distances. They found that the growth was better in case of pots kept closer to the fire altar.

This effect, the study says, was more pronounced in the case of Bengal gram with growth about 2,000 times faster than in other places.

According to Nampoori, sound is a vibration and continuous positive vibrations through chanting, accelerates the process of germination.

“The findings would not only help dispel superstitious notions associated with Vedic rituals but also help in continuation of such tradition for the betterment of nature and the environment,” says Nampoori.

He added that further research on the phenomenon were on which could prove that some bio—amplifier generated in the atmosphere because of the ritual, had a selective effect on Bengal gram.

The study focused on counting bacterial colonies at three locations — within the yagnashala, 500 metres and 1.5 kilometres from the yagnasala. Microbial analysis made before, during and four days after the yagna revealed that the air in the vicinity of the yagnashala was pure and had very low count of microbe colonies.

The research team also found that microbial activities in the soil and water around the yagnashala were remarkably less compared to normal ground.

The “Athirathram” ritual which literally means “building up of the fireplace and performed overnight” and usually held to propagate universal peace and harmony, was first documented 35 years ago by US—based Indologist Frits Staal.

Staal, currently Emeritus Professor of Philosophy and South and Southeast Asian Studies at the University of California, Berkeley had in 1975 organised and recorded the ritual in detail with the help of grants and donations from the Universities of Havard, Berkely and Finland”s Helsinki University.

The research team conducted tests near the fire altars of the 1918 and 1956 Athirathram, still preserved in the backyards of Namboothiri homes, reveal that the bricks continue to be free of microbial presence.

“It’s an indication that the effect of the ritual is long—lasting. Studies are on to find out if other positive changes on the atmosphere are transitional or permanent,” say researchers.

An analysis conducted on the dimensions of temperature from the flames of the pravargya by Prof A K Saxena, head of photonics division, Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore, found that the fire ball that formed during the ritual had a particular wavelength with an unusually high intensity similar to what is observed in typical laser beams at about 3,870 degree centigrade.

It may be possible to have stimulated emission at this wavelength (700 nm) and gain from plasma recombination. It needs to be studied further, he says.

The members of the team of scientists’ team at the Panjal Athirathram 2011 included experts from various disciplines and included Dr Rajalakshmy Subrahmanian (Cusat), Dr Parvathi Menon (M G College, Thiruvanathapuram), Dr Maya R Nair (Pattambi Government College), Prof Saxena ( Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore) and Prof. Rao (Andhra University).

The scientific team members were supported by Zarina (Research Scholar, CUSAT), Ramkumar (Biotechnologist), Asulabha (Biotechnologist) and a number of postgraduate, graduate and school students.



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Chatur Masya Details Vishnu Awakening Probhidini Ekadashi

Lord Vishnu,The Protector,is always in Yoga Nidra.

It is often thought that He sleeps.

He does not.

He is always awake.

Yoga Nidra is a posture,though appearing to be asleep ,one is always aware.

Many of us would have experienced this twilight zone between Sleep and Wakefulness.

What is Wakefulness and Sleep?

Article follows.

As the Protector,Vishnu can not afford to Sleep,nor do the other Gods in Hinduism.

God does not need rest.

It is said that if Lord Natarajan stops dancing,world dissolution would result.

Vishnu is derived from the Sanskrit root Jishnu, support.

Yet Vishnu is portrayed as going to Sleep during Shayari Ekadashi and wakes up on Probhidini Ekadashi.

These two instances are indicative of astronomical phenomenon.

Sanskrit texts have minimum three meanings.

The literal meaning,

One that conveys scientific truth or linked to Natural phenomena and

Deep Philosophical message.

I have written on Shayani Ekadashi.

Vishnu goes to Sleep

The period between Shayari Ekadashi and Probhidini Ekadashi is Chatur Masya.

During this period Ascetics engage themselves in prayer in seclusion.

And they stay in one place.

An ascetic,Sanyasi, is not to stay in one place overnight or get food from the same house more than once.

Reason is that it is likely to result in attachment to the place or person.

But in Chatur Masya,the Sanyasi is is decision and is expected to diet barest minimum, preferably on Naturally occurring food,not cooked.

Chaturmas (Sanskrit: चातुर्मास, Cāturmāsa) is a holy period of four months (July to October), beginning on Shayani Ekadashi—the eleventh day of the bright half, Shukla paksha, of Ashadh (fourth month of the Hindu lunar calendar)—until Prabodhini Ekadashi, the eleventh day of the bright half of Kartik (eighth month of the Hindu lunar calendar) in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.

Chaturmas is reserved for penance, austerities, fasting, bathing in holy rivers and religious observances for all. Devotees resolve to observe some form of vow, be it of silence or abstaining from a favourite food item, or having only a single meal in a day.


Prabodhini Ekadashi also known as Devotthan Ekadashi, is the 11th lunar day (ekadashi) in the bright fortnight (Shukla Paksha) of the Hindu month of Kartik. It marks the end of the four-month period of Chaturmas, when god Vishnu is believed to sleep. It is believed that Vishnu sleeps on Shayani Ekadashi and wakes on Prabodhini Ekadashi, thus giving this day the name “Prabodhini Ekadashi” (“awakening eleventh”), Vishnu-prabodhini (“awakening of Vishnu”) and Dev-Prabodhini Ekadashi, Deothan, Dev uthav ekadashi or Dev Oothi ekadashi (“god’s awakening”). The end of Chaturmas, when marriages are prohibited, signifies the beginning of the Hindu wedding season.It is also known as Kartiki Ekadashi, Kartik Shukla ekadashi and Kartiki.Prabodhini Ekadashi is followed by Kartik Poornima….

A fast is observed on Prabodhini Ekadashi and the ritual marriage of the Tulsi plant is performed with god Vishnu, in the form of the holy black colored Shaligram stone, which is regarded as the husband of Tulsi, in its twenty four permutations. During evening time people prepare floor designs by geru paste( red soil) and rice paste which is a very well known tradition. Images of Lakshmi and Vishnu are also prepared from it. Lakshmipujan and Vishnu pujan is observed at evening time with sugarcane, rice, dried red chillies, etc. And, is then given to pandits. This ritual marriage is known as Tulsi Vivah and may be conducted on the next day of Prabodhini Ekadashi instead of Prabodhini Ekadashi itself.


Tulsi Pooja Details


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Thirukkural Christian Adi Kavya Hindu Systems From Christianity Conversion Non Sense

To tone down the seriousness of the foll article, let me narrate a declaration by a Christian Mission volunteer in Tamil Nadu.

Dr. Jasmine Asir declares that,

The sysyems of Indian philosophy,Saiva Siddhantha,Advaita,Visishdadvaida,all of these were derived from Ancient Christianity!

Was there Christianity before Christ?

And what is this ‘Adi Christianity?

There is something more.

She says Thiruvalluvar met Saint Thomas and wrote This is not a matter to be left unchallenged.

Repeated lies have a tendency to be taken as History,as in the Aryan Invasion theory in particular and Indian history in general.

There have been attempts to propagate the theory that Christ visited India and his tomb is in Kashmir.

What else could they do? They had to close it,” Riaz told me.

His family home almost overlooks the shrine, and he is witheringly dismissive of the notion that Jesus was buried there.

“It’s a story spread by local shopkeepers, just because some crazy professor said it was Jesus’s tomb. They thought it would be good for business. Tourists would come, after all these years of violence.

“And then it got into the Lonely Planet, and too many people started coming.

“And one foreigner…” he gave me an apologetic look, “broke off a bit from the tomb to take home with him. So that’s why it’s closed now.”


And there is this process of converting Hindus to Christianity by Christians posing as Brahmins.


There is this instance of Caldwell,changing his name as Veerama munivar in Tamil to post date Tamil literature.

He wrote a Tamil work on Christ.

You have Maxmueller,who translated the Vedas in English as Sacred books of the East,who was a Christian Missionary .

He delared in his letter that,

“It (The Rigveda) is the root of their religion and to show them what the root is, I feel sure, is the only way of uprooting all that has sprung from it during the last three thousand years.”-Max Mueller to His wife,in his letter.


Now to Thiruvalluvar.

He wrote Thirukkural and he is currently dated around 2000 ago.

I am of the view that he can be dated much earlier.

It was authored by Valluvar, also known in full as Thiruvalluvar. The text has been dated variously from 300 BCE to 7th century CE. The traditional accounts describe it as the last work of the third Sangam, but linguistic analysis suggests a later date of 450 to 500 CE’

Thomas is traditionally believed to have sailed to India in AD 50 (but there is evidence of his being in Taxila in AD 43, where he did not have success) to spread the Christian faith, and is believed to have landed at the port of Muziris, (modern-day North Paravur and Kodungalloor in modern-day Kerala state) where there was a Jewish community at the time.


Hinduism has been in existence for over 5000 Years and Rig Veda is dated at 5114 BC.

However this is pushed back by thousands of years in the light of new evidence.

Please check my articles onPoompuhar,Rama,Krishna,Tamils.

It is sheer nonsense academically and is a sinister attempt distorting history to legitimise Christianity and aims at Conversion.

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Statue of Andal.image

Eyes Glow Real Lakshnikantha Andal Hedthale Temple 16 Faced Hall

Though a Shaivite by tradition,our home accords Andal place of pride in our pooja room.

My mother used to say we are Andal’s children.

Reason , I was born in Srivilliputhur,one of the Divya Kshetras of Vaishnavism.

My familiarity with Vaishnavite practices is slightly better than Shaivite practices.

Such is the greatness of Andal,one of the twelve Azhwars,and the only woman,she evokes proximity to Godhood easily.

Though there are Sannadhis, separate sanctum for Andal in most of the Divya Kshetras,very little is known about Andal sanctum at Lakshmikanthaswamy temple at Hedthale,near Nanjangudu,near Mysuru, Karnataka,India.

The special features of this temple include,

1.The eyes of Lord Lakshmikantha,Vishnu with Lakshmi,look real whenights are out and Aarthi is performed.

2.Same with Andal Sannidhi.

3.Sixteen faced hall where the Observer can not be seen by the observed.

4.A Special dais where if one is seated before Lord Narasimha,one can feel the positive vibrations.

Lakshmikantha, the principal deity for whom the temple is named, is four-armed with the padma or lotus and gadha held at the back, the shankha and chakra held in the front in the samasharna mudra or mode, that is, in the right and left hands, contrary to norms (most forms of Vishnu have the shankha-chakra symbols on the left and right hands respectively).

Lakshminarasimha, the deity placed on the left of Lakshmikantha, is perfectly symmetrical with goddess Lakshmi being chiselled in perfect proportion and seated at a level that is proportionate in relation to the Lord.

In front of the shrine is drawn a circular motif upon which one is supposed to sit in meditation posture and look steadfast at the eyes of Narasimha. This is believed to result in positive vibrations felt by the worshipper.


The idol of Venugopala, flute in hand, in tribhangi, the dance posture, is most enticing, even as cows and gopis stand entranced by the melody of his music. Andal, whose idol is of recent origin, sculpted over a decade ago, is the piece de resistance in the temple.

The idol has been sculpted not just aesthetically, but also scientifically perhaps.

The eyes that look ordinary in normal light appear real when the priest performs ‘aarathi’ in total darkness with all lights switched off.

As the light from the aarathi is held at level with Aandaal’s forehead, her gaze appears to be directed at you, looking straight into your eyes!

The temple architecture typically consists of three chambers – the garbha griha or sanctum sanctorum, the sukhanasi and the navaranga. Seven ft. high lathe turned pillars hold aloft the hall, the ceiling of which has an exquisitely carved banana bunch.

Much of the ceiling has sculpted geometric patterns. Unlike Hoysala temples, the exterior walls are bereft of sculptures.

Brilliantly designed

The Hadinaru Mukha Chavadi in front of the Garuda Sthambha is brilliantly designed and entails an interesting tale. It was built by Bhimanna Danda Nayaka, a palegar who had 16 daughters, all of them married and settled in life.

As an annual event, the palegar would have all his daughters and sons-in-law visit him and there would be merriment. He conceived and built the chavadi with purpose and tradition in mind.

On the one hand because of the sheer numbers of daughters he had, he found it increasingly difficult to match the sons-in-law with the respective daughters.

Rooted in tradition

Also, according to traditions of the times, women were not allowed to see their sons-in-law directly or face-to-face. Danda Nayaka thus had the 16-faced hall with 16 seats, one for each daughter/son-in-law pair.

Further, the 16 faces were built in such a way that while the palegar himself could see all his daughters and all the respective sons-in-law, his wife would only be able to see her daughters but not the sons-in-law from the pedestal in which the duo would sit!



‘How to reach.

12 km from Nanjangudu .


Railway station.Mysuru,Nanjangudu.

Bus station. Nanjangudu.

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Bicycle In Temple Sculpture 1000 Years Ago Anamoly Panchavarneswara Worayur

World is teeming with historical anamolies,that is with objects in place at a time where they have no business to be.

The object in question is recorded to have been invented later.

Will be writing in detail about World,Historical anamolies.

One such a historical anamoly is at Panchavarneswara temple Urayur,near Tiruchirapalli,Tamil Nadu India.

One can also see micro drilling technology in Indian temples, including the one at Mahabalipuram Tamil Nadu.

One can find a sculpture of a Man riding a bicycle in Panchavarneswara temple Urayur.

This temple contains inscription during King Rajarajan.

He is currently assigned 1010 AD.

However the temple is reported to have been built by Kochenganan,who ruled much earlier.

He also built the Akhilandeswari Temple at Thiruvanaikkaval.

Woraiyur,Urayur was once the capital of the Cholas.

In 1980, the priest of Woraiyur’s Panchavarna Swamy temple invited Dr. Kalaikovan for a prayer of thanksgiving after the successful cataract operation that he had done on him.

“After the prayer, while taking a look around, I came across the carving of a bicycle on a pillar behind the Amman temple,” says Dr. Kalaikovan. “It was so funny and intriguing to see the picture of a cycle in an ancient temple. But neither the officials nor the scholar who wrote its history, were able to explain how it came there. I started researching this fact.”

Through multiple forays into the history of the bicycle (which was invented in Germany in 1800s), and the Chola-era Woraiyur temple, he theorised that the vehicle was possibly a novelty in Tiruchi of the 1920s, when the temple had been renovated. “Perhaps the sculptor had seen someone on a cycle, was impressed by it and had recorded it forever on stone,” says Dr. Kalaikovan. “After this I got so interested in temple history, that I could no longer leave it.

“The builder of the temple, Kochengannan Chozhan, was the first to develop the typical temple complex in the 5th century. He premiered the concept of building temples on a maada (raised platform), followed by the Vimana (tower above the sanctum-sanctorum), to protect the structure from the flooding of the Cauvery.”

The centre has since found 34 such temples in the State.




How to reach.

Airport. Tiruchirapalli.

Railway Station. Tiruchirapalli,

Bus Station.Tiruchirapalli.

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Adi Sesha Vishnu Bed Dark Energy Of Universe Cosmic Constant

Amazing,puzzling,are the words that come to my mind when I read about Astrophysics and Indian Cosmology.

Indian texts describe the Universe as Dynamic,Eternal.


Universe is Energy and what is Observable is not the Entire Universe.

What we Observe is Negligible,both from the Standpoint of the Individual and things that are separate,away from the Individual

I shall attempt to explain in a series that deal with Space,Galaxies,Expanding Universe,Matter,Antimatter,Dark Matter and Dark Energy.

Universe consists of 5%Matter,68.7% Dark Energy and 26.3% Dark Matter.

( that there are many Universes with different Laws operation is another matter!)

On this scale what we know of the Universe is practically Nothing.

Universe was thought to be fixed in the sense that it was limited,though of astronomical magnitude of Numbers.

However,it was found not to be so.

The Universe is expanding.

That is No limit or Edge to the Universe.

Then Einstein came up with the the Theory of Cosmic Quotient,which means that a Fixed Number,Constant exists between the Force of Gravity that keeps Galaxies together and the Expanding Universe.

With the advent of Hubble Telescope in Space,it was demonstrated that there forces at Work that expand the Universe.

Dark Matter was theorised to exist and it,though Unobservable,can be inferred.

And Dark Energy helps in Expanding the Universe.

Expanding Universe.

This diagram reveals changes in the rate of expansion since the universe’s birth 15 billion years ago. The more shallow the curve, the faster the rate of expansion. The curve changes noticeably about 7.5 billion years ago, when objects in the universe began flying apart as a faster rate. Astronomers theorize that the faster expansion rate is due to a mysterious, dark force that is pulling galaxies apart.

Credit: NASA/STSci/Ann Feild

Image is featured at the top of the article.

A galaxy is an enormous swarm of a million to a trillion stars. The Milky Way Galaxy,(our galaxy) is medium-large, with 100 billion stars. There are about 100 billion galaxies in the known universe, so there are literally as many suns as there are sand grains on all the beaches of Earth. The nearest large galaxy (Andromeda) is 2 million light years away. When you look out into space, you are also looking back in time. You actually see Andromeda as it was 2 million years ago, because it took that long for the light to reach Earth.


It was also found that Dark Matter alone could not account for the acceleration of the Universe.

There exists a Form of Energy, called Dark Energy,that expands the Universe at a higher rate,by creating Space (!) and more Dark Energy.

In physical cosmology and astronomy, dark energy is an unknown form of energy which is hypothesized to permeate all of space, tending to accelerate the expansion of the universe. Dark energy is the most accepted hypothesis to explain the observations since the 1990s indicating that the universe is expanding at an accelerating rate.



As we know of very little about Dark Energy,we know very much less of its origin or its end ,if any.

It is,as things stand now,is Perpetual,Infinite.

This Dark Energy and Dark Matter remain Eternal.

To understand what is Time and Eternity, would take another article.

What do the Indian texts say on Cosmology?

The Purusha Suktha Explains that everything is from A Principle and it evolves by Matter merging or interacting with non Matter.

Purusha Evethakum Sarvam Yath Bootham Yacha Bhavyam…..

Brahma, representing Matter sacrifices His head in Yagnya fire to get the Universe evolved.

(Indian texts tend to give minimum three meanings for any text;one,the literal translation,the second ,it contains a scientific one and the third that explains an Abstract philosophical Truth.)

The term Vishnu is from the Word Jishnu,One That supports.

Vishnu is a Principle that supports the Universe.

Vishnu is a manifestation,am Amsa of Narayana.

He is described in various Avatars as Koorma,Tortoise,that suppots the Universe.

It may be interesting to note that all civilisations have The Tortoise Legend.

Narayana is always in Eternal Contemplation.

Appears to be asleep,Yoga Nidra,that is appears to be Asleep but aware.

You may read my article on Yoga Nidra for details.

In the early 1990s, one thing was fairly certain about the expansion of the universe. It might have enough energy density to stop its expansion and recollapse, it might have so little energy density that it would never stop expanding, but gravity was certain to slow the expansion as time went on. Granted, the slowing had not been observed, but, theoretically, the universe had to slow. The universe is full of matter and the attractive force of gravity pulls all matter together. Then came 1998 and the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) observations of very distant supernovae that showed that, a long time ago, the universe was actually expanding more slowly than it is today. So the expansion of the universe has not been slowing due to gravity, as everyone thought, it has been accelerating. No one expected this, no one knew how to explain it. But something was causing it.……

Dark Energy.
We know how much dark energy there is because we know how it affects the universe’s expansion. Other than that, it is a complete mystery. But it is an important mystery. It turns out that roughly 68%of the universe is dark energy. Dark matter makes up about 27%. The rest – everything on Earth, everything ever observed with all of our instruments, all normal matter – adds up to less than 5% of the universe. Come to think of it, maybe it shouldn’t be called “normal” matter at all, since it is such a small fraction of the universe.
Albert Einstein was the first person to realize that empty space is not nothing. Space has amazing properties, many of which are just beginning to be understood. The first property that Einstein discovered is that it is possible for more space to come into existence. Then one version of Einstein’s gravity theory, the version that contains a cosmological constant, makes a second prediction: “empty space” can possess its own energy. Because this energy is a property of space itself, it would not be diluted as space expands. As more space comes into existence, more of this energy-of-space would appear. As a result, this form of energy would cause the universe to expand faster and faster. Unfortunately, no one understands why the cosmological constant should even be there, much less why it would have exactly the right value to cause the observed acceleration of the universe.


By fitting a theoretical model of the composition of the universe to the combined set of cosmological observations, scientists have come up with the composition that we described above, ~68% dark energy, ~27% dark matter, ~5% normal matter. What is dark matter?

We are much more certain what dark matter is not than we are what it is. First, it is dark, meaning that it is not in the form of stars and planets that we see. Observations show that there is far too little visible matter in the universe to make up the 27% required by the observations. Second, it is not in the form of dark clouds of normal matter, matter made up of particles called baryons. We know this because we would be able to detect baryonic clouds by their absorption of radiation passing through them. Third, dark matter is not antimatter, because we do not see the unique gamma rays that are produced when antimatter annihilates with matter. Finally, we can rule out large galaxy-sized black holes on the basis of how many gravitational lenses we see. High concentrations of matter bend light passing near them from objects further away, but we do not see enough lensing events to suggest that such objects to make up the required 25% dark matter contribution……



There are words in Indian texts to describe Snakes.

Sarpa and Naga.

Sarpa is Snake and Naga, Serpent, Cobra and a Tribe.

(This information strengthens my view that Subrahmanya and Shiva were real life characters).

The Serpent that serves as Bed to Lord Vishnu is called Sesha and one instance has it that Vishnu had rolled it!

Sesha is Time and it is circular,can be rolled back for Time, according to Indian Thought in Cyclic and not linear.

Another meaning for Sesha is Remainder.

So Sesha,on which the principle of Movement,Kinetic Energy,Lord Vishnu meditates,is

The Eternal Time.

Sesha is Eternal,,and Adhi the First.

And as in mathematics,It Is Infinite.

And Sesha is worshipped as Sankarshana.


In the Bhagavata PuranaShesha is namedSankarshana, the tamasic energy of Lord Narayana himself, and is said to live deep within the inner layers of patala, where there are many serpents with gems on their heads and where Sankarshana is the ruler. He is said to live since before the creation of the universe. When the universe is towards its end, he creates 11 rudras from him to destroy the universe for a new one to be created.

Sankarshana is also one of the four vyuha forms of Vishnu or Krishna, the other three being Vāsudeva, Pradyumna and Aniruddha.

Sankarshana expands himself as garbhodakshayi-vishnu in the beginning of the universe to create Brahma. In other words, Lord Sankarshana is Lord Narayana himself.-. Wikipedia.


Imag Credit.


He is sometimes referred to as Ananta Shesha, which translates as endless-Shesha or Adishesha “first Shesha”. It is said that when Adishesa uncoils, time moves forward and creation takes place; when he coils back, the universe ceases to exist. He is also described in Buddhism as Vasuki.

Vishnu is often depicted as resting on Shesha. Shesha is considered a servant and a manifestation of Vishnu. He is said to have descended to Earth in two human forms or avatars: Lakshmana, brother of Rama; Balarama, brother of Krishna.

“Shesha” in Sanskrit texts, especially those relating to mathematical calculation, implies the “remainder”—that which remains when all else ceases to exist. But in Sanskrit it also means 6 shesham as the sheshanaga has been depicted to have many heads (5 to 7).

His name means “that which remains”, from the Sanskrit rootśiṣ, because when the world is destroyed at the end of the kalpa, Shesha remains as he is.



Featured post

Shiva Abhishek Ghee Turns Butter Shiva Gange Temple

Apart from the spiritual point of view,Hindu temples are repositories of Innovative Architecture and house sites of Events that defy logic.

People call them as Miracles.

However those who know the ancient wisdom handed over through generations orally know that none of these ancient texts call any happenings,which might appear to be away from our daily Life,are Miracles;for the Hindus nothing in the world is a Miracle for it is Natural.

There is nothing called Paranormal in Hinduism.

Everything in the Universe is Natural.

When we come across things which we do not see in our daily Life,we tend to call them as Miracles.

Fact is that we are perceiving them anew.

That’s all.

What human mind is capable of conceiving is possible.

( That the world has only Relative Existence is an issue of philosophy and this blog has covered that topic)

Thus we have,

Shiva lingas that change colors daily/Five times a day)

Ganesha Idol that remains white during the waxing of the Moon and black during the waning of the moon.

Narasimha idol that consumes Jaggery water,

Temple Ghee remains unspoilt for an year and lamp keeps on burning in a temple that opens once a Year.

I can keep on adding.

Please read my articles on temples by Googling temples of India+ramanan 50.

There is a temple near Tumkur, Karnataka,where Ghee poured on Shiva linga as Abhisheka, Holy Bathing,turns into Butter.

This temple is around 54 Kilometers from Bengaluru and 19 Kilometres from Tumkuru.

Airport. Bangalore.

Railway Station.Bangalore,Tumkur.

Buses available from Bangalore to Tumkur.

One has to trek the hill.

Autos,Buses available from Tumkur.

Shiva Gange .image.

Shiva Gange Shiva Ghee turns butter,

Image credit. http://www.indiatravelblog.com/resources/3613-Sivaganga-Sivagange-hills-Hilly-retreat.aspx

An interesting miracle happens here is that when an abhisheka is performed on Shivalinga with ghee, the ghee turns to butter. Devotees can see the miracle live during abhisheka.It is said that the ghee that turns to butter has medicinal powers and can cure many ailments. According to legend there exists a secret tunnel that extends from the sanctum sanctorum (Garba Griha) of this temple to the Gavi Gangadhareshwara temple in Bengaluru, around 50 kilometers from this temple.


Shivagange is a mountain peak with a height of 804.8 meters or 2640.3 feet and Hindu pilgrimage center located near Dobbaspet, in Bengaluru Rural district India. It is situated 19 km from the town of Tumakuru and 54 km from Bengaluru. The sacred mountain is shaped as a shivalingaand a spring flows near locally called “Ganga”, thereby giving the place its name. It is also known as Dakshina Kashi (Kashi of the South) and place is having various temples such as Gangadhareshwara temple, Sri Honnammadevi Temple, Olakal Teertha, Nandi Statue, Patalagange, A historical rock statue of Nandi or Basavanna carved on top of a steep rock is considered as a spell binding sculpture because of its narrow location.



Featured post

Iron Age India 30000 Years Ago Vedas Ramayana On Iron Bronze Copper

As I keep writing on the antiquity of India and its advanced culture with the help of Archeology,World literature, Travelogues, Epigraphs,Temple inscriptions,Cave paintings, Astronomy, Tectonics, Glacier movements, Infrared dating,Strata verification and more tools from Oceanography,I am amazed at the dates I arrive for events detailed in Ancient Indian texts.

They defy the dates currently assigned to them,be it the date of the Vedas,Shiva,Puranas, Ramayana, Mahabharata,Tamil Sangam dates.

Despite mounting evidence,dates assigned to India and its Culture deliberately pushed after BC or if it is impossible,date them as close as possible to the Chronology of Christ,BC.

If it is difficult,deny the existing evidence by changing the age of Reference points!

Classic case is the date of Iron age in India.

As Western civilization could not stomach the ancient history of India,they dated Rig Veda to be around 5000 years old.

This date is erroneous as the description of Iron is found in the Rig Veda, world’s oldest literature,Puranas,Ramayana, Mahabharata and Tamil Sangam classics.

Ramayana is currently dated around 5114 .

I have provided evidence that it could be dated as back as by at least 50,000 years to a Million years!

Tamil port Poompuhar is dated around 16,000 years ago,by Archeology.

A million year old site dated around a million years belonging to Tamils is near Chennai, Tamilnadu, India.

And Silappadikaaram of the period is rich in literature.

It requires at least minimum five thousand years,even this is a very conservative estimate,for the richness of the language found in Silappadikaaram.

So Tamil could be dated at least by another five thousand years ago,that is by 21,000 years.

From another angle, Lemuria is about 230 Million years old and so is MU civilization.

So date of Ramayana and therefore the dates of the Vedas may be pushed back further.

Kindly read my Articles on each of these.

How to rebut these findings,is the problem faced by those who want to deny the history of India?


Deny the Iron Age in India.

Date it to just around 300 BC.

And change the definition of Iron Age!

The duration of the Iron Age varies depending on the region under consideration. It is defined by archaeological convention, and the mere presence of cast or wrought iron is not sufficient to represent an Iron Age culture; rather, the term “Iron Age” implies that the production of carbon steel has been perfected to the point where mass production of tools and weapons superior to their bronze equivalents become possible. In the Ancient Near East, this transition takes place in the wake of the so-called Bronze Age collapse, in the 12th century BC. The technology soon spreads throughout the Mediterranean region and to South Asia. Its further spread to Central Asia, Eastern and Central Europe is somewhat delayed, and Northern Europe is reached still later, by about 500 BC.

( https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iron_Age )

India’s Iron Age emerged in an era of transition known as the Vedic period (ca. 1,500-600 BCE). The Vedic period covers both the end of the Bronze Age following the collapse of the Harappan civilization around 1,400 CE and the start of the Iron Age. The Harappan civilization of the Indus River Valley had been complex and highly urbanized. The societies of the Vedic period were smaller, most only about the size of a village, recovering from the changes in the regional economy as well as drought, the likely culprit that collapsed India’s Bronze-Age stability.

This was a time of re-organization, but also religious growth. The Vedic period is named for the Vedas, foundational religious texts of Hinduism. The oldest, written in the ancient script of Vedic Sanskrit, was likely created between 1,500 and 1,200 BCE.’


But mass production of Steel,Iron was present in India.

Smeltering technology was known to India in those ancient times.

Microdrilling technology may be seen in Hindu temples,for example in Mahabalipuram, Tamilnadu.

Iron evidence in Vedas,Ramayana, Mahabharata and Tamil texts and in archeological sites in India.

Yajur Veda Taittariyea Samhita 4.7.5 May I for me the stone, clay, hills, mountains, sand, trees, gold, bronze, lead ,tin, iron, copper, fire, water, roots, plants, what grows on ploughed land, what grows.Rig Veda 10.99.6 Lord of the dwelling, he subdued the demon who roared aloud, six-eyed and triple-headed. Trta, made stronger by the might he lent him, struck down the boar with shaft whose point was iron.Rig Veda 10.101.8 Prepare the cow-stall, for there drink your heroes: stitch ye the coats of armour, wide and many. Make iron forts, secure from all assailants let not your pitcher leak: stay it securely.Rig Veda 8.29.3 One brandishes in his hand an iron knife, firm, in his seat amid the DeitiesRig Veda 5.62.7 Adorned with gold, its columns are of iron. in heaven it glitters like a whip for horses; Or stablished on a field deep−spoiled and fruitful. So may we share the meath that loads your car−seat.Rig Veda 1.121.9 Thou hurledst forth from heaven the iron missile, brought by the Skilful, from the sling of leather, When thou, O Much-invoked, assisting Kutsa with endless deadly darts didst compass Susna.Rig Veda1.58.8 Grant, Son of Strength, thou rich in friends, a refuge without a flaw this day to us thy praisers. O Agni, Son of Strength, with forts of iron preserve thou from distress the man who lauds thee.Rig Veda 4.37.4 Strong, with fair chains of gold and jaws of iron, ye have a splendid car and wellfed horses. Ye Sons of Strength, ye progeny of Indra, to you the best is offered to delight you.Rig Veda 6.71.4 This Savitar the God, the golden−handed, Friend of the home, hath risen to meet the twilight. With cheeks of brass, with pleasant tongue, the Holy, he sends the worshipper rich gifts in plenty.Atharva Veda 10.1.20 Swords of good brass are in our house: we know how many joints thou hast, O spell! Be sure to rise, go away from hence! O stranger, what seekest thou here?Yajur Veda Taittareya Samhita 1.8.12 l Protect me in front, protect me at the side, protect me from behind; from the quarters protect me; from all deadly things protect me.
m Gold hued in the glowing of the dawns, Bronze pillared at the rising of the sun, O Varuna, O Mitra, mount your chariot seat, And thence behold ye Aditi and Diti.There are so many other refrences too.____________________________________Metals in ItihasasValmiki Ramayan Yuddha Kanda 6.113.20हिरण्यं वा सुवर्णं वा रत्नानि विविधानि च || राज्यं वा त्रिषु लोकेषु नैतदर्हति भाषितुम् |”Neither silver, nor gold nor even diamonds nor the sovereignty of the three worlds, can be worthy of this message.”Valmiki Ramayan Yuddha Kanda 6.65.18आददे निशितम् शूलं वेगाच्छत्रुनिबर्हणः |
सर्वकालायसम् दीप्तं तप्तकाञ्चनभूषणम् ||Kumbhakarna, the annihilator of enemies, speedily took up a sharp spike fully made of iron,adorned with pure gold and splendidly shining.Lord Krishnas Sudarshan Chakra also contained component of iron..The Mahabharata, Book 1: Adi Parva: Khandava-daha Parva: Section CCXXVII
And Pavaka then gave unto Krishna a discus with an iron pole attached to a hole in the centre.And it was a fiery weapon and became his favourite. Having obtained that weapon, Krishna also became equal to the task.Maces were mainly made by iron.The Mahabharata, Book 3: Vana Parva: Indralokagamana Parva: Section LI
And amongst them will move that great warrior Bhima of terrible prowess, armed with his iron mace held on high and capable of slaying every hero. And high above the din will be heard the twang of the Gandiva loud as the thunder of heaven.Arrows were mainly made by iron. But sometimes also made of steel, silver and copper.The Mahabharata, Book 3: Vana Parva: Tirtha-yatra Parva: Section CLXXII

And battered and broken by the straight-coursing iron shafts, shot by me, the city of the Asuras, O king, fell to the earth. And they also, wounded by my iron arrows having the speed of the thunder, began, O monarch, to go about, being urged by destiny.The Mahabharata, Book 4: Virata Parva: Go-harana Parva: Section LXII
And loud was the clatter made by Arjuna’s shafts as they cleft the coats of mail belonging to mighty warriors, made of steel, silver, and copper. And the field was soon covered with the corpses of warriors mounted on elephants and horses, all mangled by the shafts of Partha of great impetuosity like unto sighing snakes.Wheels of chariots were made up of iron:The Mahabharata, Book 1: Adi Parva: Viduragamana Parva: Section CCIX
There were also large iron wheels planted on them. And with all these was that foremost of cities adorned. The streets were all wide and laid out excellently; and there was no fear in them of accident. And decked with innumerable mansions, the city became like unto Amaravati and came to be called Indraprastha (like unto Indra’s city).

Smritis mention frequent use of metals. Some of examples are:

SB 3.17.26. Moving about in the ocean for many, many years, the mighty Hiranyaksa smote the gigantic wind-tossed waves again and again with his iron maceand reached Vibhavari, the capital of Varuna.

SB10.41.20The Lord saw Mathura, with its tall gates and household entrances made of crystal, its immense archways and main doors of gold, its granaries and other storehouses of copper and brass, and its impregnable moats. Beautifying the city were pleasant gardens and parks. The main intersections were fashioned of gold, and there were mansions with private pleasure gardens, along with guildhalls and many other buildings.

Shiva Purana mentions Vishwakarma preparing Shiva Linga of Various metals.

Shiva Purana 2.14
All the deities, then prayed to lord Shiva, who after becoming pleased instructed ‘Vishwakarma’ to construct a Shivalinga for them. Vishwakarma then made a Shivalinga for Kuber, a Shivalinga of yellow diamond for Dharmaraj, a Shivalinga of dark coloured diamond for Varun, a Shivalinga of Indraned diamond for Vishnu and a goldden Shivalinga for Brahmaji. Similarly Vishwadeva was given a Shivalinga made up of silver, the Ashwini Kumars were given Shivalinga made up of bronze, Laxmi was given a Shivalinga made up of Crystal (Sphatik), Sun-god was given a Shivalinga made of copper and the moon was given a Shivalinga made of pearl.



If people can not stomach evidence,change the date of Indian text!

Sample.’ The word Iron cannot be existed before iron age. So it means those verses were written after iron ageuser9554′

You can find the thread in the stackexchange link above.

Archaeological evidence in the image below.

Iron age,India.image.

Details of Iron Age,India

The author of this paper mentions about iron smelting , later in the Gandhara area nearby . Biswas [1995 ] has identified three main areas where iron is known to be smelted since the ancient times. These areas are :
( 1 ) Atranjikhera ( Fig. 15 ) near Delhi or Aligarh ( Uttar Pradesh ) ,

( 2 ) Singhbhum – Raipur areas where Asuras and Gond tribals live , and

( 3 ) Karnataka and Tamilnadu areas where one can see places like Paiyampalli ( again Neolithic- Megalithic ),which is in the Arcot district of Tamilnadu, where iron was smelted .

It is believed that the expansion of the Magadha Empire was due to the source of iron nearby ( Baraaber Hills near Gaya – refer to Fig. 4 [ Wolpert ,1993]).

The Asuras of Netarhat belong to the group of the tribals of Central India where to-day , most of the Steel Plants ( roughly 90 % and above of steel production of India ) takes place. The Steel Plants are located at Bhilai near Raipur, Rourkela in Orrisa, Jamshedpur, Bokaro, and Burnpur. The ore for the plant at Durgapur ( West Bengal ) possibly is also obtained from this area only .

Source and image of Smeltering in India, https://www.engr.mun.ca/~asharan/bihar/ironage/IRONAGEINDIA2.htm

You will find the research paper at the above Link.

This extensive urn burial site was first excavated in 1876. Later Alexander Rea, an Englishman and Superintending Archaeologist, excavated the urn-burial site between 1889 and 1905. He excavated a good number of urns and Rea discovered about 1,872 objects including gold diadems (with parallels from Mycenae), bronze objects notably lids with exquisite finials depicting many animal forms,iron objects besides thousands of potsherds. After hundred years the excavation was also resumed during 2003-04 and 2004-05. They found 185 burial urns, including 100 fully intact urns, and 36 with complete human skeletons inside, unearthed at a depth of two to three meters in various (six 10m x 10m trenches) trenches within the area of 600 square meters. Along with the skeletons, husks, grains of rice, charred rice and neolithic Celts, red ware, black ware, copper bangles and earrings, iron spearheads, daggers, and swords have been found. Three of these urns contain writing resembling the early Tamil Brahmi script.

And there was no copper,bronze ages as presumed because all of them are found in simultaneously.



  1. A History of ancient and early medieval India from stone age to the 12th century. Upinder Singh. 2009 p.425 http://books.google.co.in/books?id=GW5Gx0HSXKUC&pg=PA425&lpg=PA425&dq=sangam+age+megaliths&source=bl&ots=QfSdEsT1Ga&sig=nfJPw5uzJf8bJn1OEBFdU52LCcY&hl=en&sa=X&ei=NjWwUtziBoX8rAePiYDQDA&ved=0CCoQ6AEwATgK#v=onepage&q=sangam%20age%20megaliths&f=false
  2. Champakalakshmi.R, ‘Archaeology and Tamil literary tradition. Puratattva. 8 : 1 10-22. 1996
  3. Cromlech. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cromlech
  4. Dolmens, Hero Stones and the Dravidian People. Nagaswamy.R. http://tamilnation.co/heritage/dolmens.htm
  5. Dolmen. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dolmen
  6. Fifth ‘hero’ stone with Tamil Brahmi inscriptions found Indian Express. 31st July 2012 http://www.newindianexpress.com/cities/chennai/article579686.ece
  7. History of Tamil Nau. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Tamil_Nadu
  8. Iron Age burial site found near Tiruvannamalai. Subramaniyan, TS. The Hindu June 26, 2011. http://www.thehindu.com/features/friday-review/history-and-culture/iron-age-burial-site-found-near-tiruvannamalai/article2135078.ece
  9. More pre-historic burial sites found in Tirunelveli district The Hindu March 9, 2010. http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/more-prehistoric-burial-sites-found-in-tirunelveli-district/article221358.ece
Featured post

Marriage Nischayathaartha Selecting Girl Ritual Details Apsthamba Sutra Explains

Smritis,meaning those remembered,lays down rules to lead a pious, auspicious and happy life.

The Smritis are different from Sruthi,meaning ‘heard’,that is the Vedas.

For deciding any righteousness action,or for any action,in case of confusion,the words of Sruthi is final.

If there is a conflict of views between Srithi and Smriti on any issue,Sruthi is the final authority.

Sruthi is like the Fundamental Rights in the Constitution of India and Smriti is like the Directive Principles of State Policy.

At all times, fundamental rights prevail.

Smritis evolved over a period of time,with its base in Sruthi.

But it also incorporates practices not in contradiction to Vedas.

So, there are many Smritis.

Please read my article on Smritis.

For those who ollow,ApasthambaSutra,Apasthamba lays down rules of life in his Apasthamba Gruhya Sutra.

Here one would find, not only the rules to follow,but also suggestions on various important events in one’s life,like marriage,Naming ceremony.

I am providing from Apasthamba Gruhya Sutra portions relating to marriage on,

  1. Seasons,months to marry,
  2. Which months to a avoid,
  3. Marriage Nakshatras,
  4. The attributes of a bride,
  5. The process of choosing a bride,
  6. The process of conducting marriage,

12. All seasons are fit for marriage with the exception of the two months of the śiśira season, and of the last summer month.

13. All Nakṣatras which are stated to be pure, (are fit for marriage);

14. And all auspicious performances.

15. And one should learn from women what ceremonies (are required by custom).

16.Under the Invakās (Nakṣatra), (the wooers who go to the girl’s father) are sent out: such wooers are welcome.

Under the Maghās (Nakṣatra) cows are provided;

2. Under the Phalgunī (Nakṣatra) marriage is celebrated.

3. A daughter whom he wishes to be dear (to her husband), a father should give in marriage under the Niṣṭyā (Nakṣatra); thus she becomes dear (to her husband); she does not return (to her father’s) house: this is an observance based on a Brāhmaṇa.

4.The word Invakās means Mṛgaśiras; the word Niṣṭyā means Svāti.

5.At the wedding one cow;

6. In the house one cow:

7. With the (first cow) he should prepare an Argha reception for the bridegroom as for a guest,

8. With the other (the bridegroom [?] should do so) for a person whom he reveres.

9. These are the occasions for killing a cow: (the arrival of) a guest, (the Aṣṭakā sacrifice offered to) the Fathers, and marriage.

10. Let (the wooer) avoid in his wooing a girl that sleeps, or cries, or has left home.

11.And let him avoid one who has been given (to another), and who is guarded (by her relations), and one who looks wicked (?), or who is a most excellent one (?), or (who is like the fabulous deer) śarabha (?), a hunch-back, a girl of monstrous appearance, a bald-headed girl, a girl whose skin is like a frog’s (?), a girl who has gone over to another family (?), a girl given to sensual pleasures (?), or a herdess, or one who has too many friends, or who has a fine younger sister, or one whose age is too near to that of the bridegroom (?).

12.Girls who have the name of a Nakṣatra, or of a river, or of a tree, are objectionable.

13. And all girls in whose names the last letter but one is r or l, one should avoid in wooing.

14. If possible, he should place (the following) objects hidden before the girl, and should say to her, ‘Touch (one of these things).’

15. (The objects are), different kinds of seeds mixed together, loose earth from (the kind of sacrificial altar called) vedi, an earth-clod from a field, cow-dung, and an earth-clod from a cemetery.

16. If she touches one of the former (objects, this portends) prosperity as characterized (by the nature of what she has touched).

17. The last is regarded as objectionable.

18. Let him marry a girl of good family and character, with auspicious characteristics, and of good health.

19. Good family, a good character, auspicious characteristics, learning, and good health: these are the accomplishments of a bridegroom.

20. A wife who is pleasing to his mind and his eyes, will bring happiness to him; let him pay no attention to the other things: such is the opinion of some.

Praśna 2, Section 4

1. Let him send out as his wooers friends who have assembled, who are versed in the Mantras.

2. He should recite over them the first two verses (Mantrap. I, 1, 1. 2).

3. When he himself has seen (the bride), let him murmur the third (verse; M. I, 1, 3).

4. With the fourth (M. I, 1, 4) let him behold her.

5. Let him seize with his thumb and fourth finger a Darbha blade, and let him wipe (therewith) the interstice between her eye-brows with the next Yajus (M. I, 1, 5), and let him throw it away towards the west.

6. If an omen occurs (such as the bride’s or her relations’ weeping), let him murmur the next (verse; M. I, 1, 6).

7. With the next (verse; M. I, 1, 7) let him send an even number of persons who have assembled there, and who are versed in the Mantras, to fetch water.

8. With the next Yajus (M. I, 1, 8) he places a round piece of Darbha net-work on her head; on that, with the next (verse; M. I, 1, 9) he places a right yoke-hole; on this hole he lays with the next (verse; M. I, 1, 10), a piece of gold, and washes her with the next five verses (M. I, 2, 1-5), (so that the water runs over that gold and through the yoke-hole); with the next (verse; M. I, 2, 6) he causes her to dress in a fresh garment, and with the next (M. I, 2, 7) he girds her with a rope.

9. Then he takes hold of her with the next (verse; M. I, 2, 8) by her right hand, leads her to the fire, spreads a mat, west of the fire, so that the points of the blades in it are directed towards the north, and on this mat they both sit down, the bridegroom to the north.

10. After the ceremonies have been performed from the putting of wood on the fire down to the Ājyabhāga oblations, he recites over her the first two (verses of the third Anuvāka).

11. Then he should take with his right hand, palm down, her right hand which she holds palm up.

12. If he wishes that only daughters may be born to him, he should seize only the fingers (without the thumb);

13. If he wishes that only sons may be born to him, the thumb.

14. He takes (her hand) so as just to touch her thumb and the little hairs (on her hand),

15. With the four verses, ‘I take thy hand’ (Mantrap. I, 3, 3-6).

16. He then makes her step forward with her right foot, to the north of the fire, in an easterly or northerly direction, with (the formula), ‘One step for sap’ (M. I, 3, 7).

17. At her seventh step he murmurs, ‘Be a friend’ (M. I, 3, 14).

Having before the sacrifice gone round the fire, so that their right sides are turned towards it,

2. They sit down in their former position, and while she takes hold of him, he offers the oblations (indicated by the) next (Mantras), with (the Mantras), ‘To Soma, the acquirer of a wife, Svāhā!’ (M. I, 4, I-16), one oblation with each Mantra.

3. He then causes her, to the north of the fire, to tread with her right foot on a stone, with (the verse), ‘Tread’ (M. I, 5, 1).

4. Having ‘spread under’ Ājya into her joined hands, he pours roasted grain twice (into them), and sprinkles Ājya over it.

5. Some say that an uterine relation of hers pours the grain (into her hands).

6. He (?) sacrifices (that grain) with (the verse), ‘This wife’ (M. I, 5, 2).

7.Having gone round the fire, with the right side turned towards it, with the next three (verses; M. I, 5, 3-5) he makes her tread on the stone as above (M. I, 5, 6).

8. And the oblation (is performed) with the next (verse; M. I, 5, 7).

9. (Then follow) again the circumambulation (M. I, 5, 8-10), the injunction to tread on the stone. (I, 5, 11), and the oblation with the next (verse; I, 5, 12);

10. (Then) the circumambulation again (I, 5, 13-15).

11. He enters upon the performance of the Jaya and following oblations.

12. Having performed (the rites) down to the sprinkling (of water) round (the fire), and having untied the rope with the next two verses (I, 5, 16. 17), he should then make her depart (from her father’s house in a vehicle), or should have her taken away.

13. Having put that fire (with which the marriage rites have been performed, into a vessel), they carry it behind (the newly-married couple).

14. It should be kept constantly.

15. If it goes out, (a new fire) should be kindled by attrition,

16. Or it should be fetched from the house of a Śrotriya.

17. Besides, if (the fire) goes out, one of them, either the wife or the husband, should fast.

18. Or he may sacrifice with the next (verse; M. I, 5, 18), and not fast.

19. The next (verse; M. I, 6, 1) is for putting the chariot (on which the young couple is to depart), in position;

20. With the next two (verses; M. I, 6, 2. 3), he puts the two animals to the chariot;

21. First the right one.

22. When she mounts (the chariot), he recites over her the next (verses; M. I, 6, 4-7).

23. With the next (verse; M. I, 6, 8), he spreads out two threads in the wheel-tracks (in which the chariot is to go), a dark-blue one in the right (track), a red one in the left.

24. With the next (verses; M. I, 6, 9-11), he walks on these (threads).

25. And when they pass by bathing-places, posts, or cross-roads, let him murmur the next (verse; M. I, 6, 12).

The next (verse; M. I, 6, 13), he recites over a boat (with which they are going to cross a river).

2. And let the wife, when she is crossing, not see the crew.

3. When they have crossed, let him murmur the next (verse; M. I, 6, 14).

4. If they have to pass over a cemetery, or if any article (which they carry with them), or their chariot is damaged, the ceremonies from the putting of wood on the fire down to the Ājyabhāga oblations are performed, and while she takes hold of him, he offers the oblations (indicated by the) next (Mantras; M. I, 7, 1-7), then he enters upon the performance of the Jaya and following oblations, and performs (the rites) down to the sprinkling (of water) round (the fire).

5. If they pass by trees with milky sap or by other trees that serve as marks, by rivers or by deserts, he should murmur the next two (verses; M. I, 7, 8. 9), according to the characteristics in them (which refer to these different cases).

6. With the next (verse) he shows her the house(M. I, 7, 10).7. With the next two (verses; M. I, 7, 11. 12) he unyokes the two animals; the right one first.

8. Having, with the next (verse; M. I, 8, 1), spread out, in the centre of the house, a red bull’s skin with the neck to the east, with the hair up, he causes her to recite the next (verse; M. I, 8, 2), while he makes her enter the house, (which she does) with her right foot.

9. And she does not stand on the threshold.

10. In the north-east part of the house the ceremonies from the putting of wood on the fire down to the Ājyabhāga oblations are performed, and while she takes hold of him, he offers the oblations (indicated by the) next (Mantras; M. I, 8, 3-15); then he enters upon the performance of the Gaya and following oblations, and performs (the rites) down to the sprinkling (of water) round (the fire). Then they sit down with the next (verse; M. I, 9, 1) on the skin, the bridegroom to the north.

11. He then places with the next (verse; M. I, 9, 2), the son of a wife who has only sons and whose children are alive, in her lap, gives fruits to the (child) with the next Yajus (M. I, 9, 3), and murmurs the next ṭwo (verses; M. I, 9, 4-5). Then he (and his wife) observe silence until the stars appear.

12. When the stars have appeared, he goes out (of the house with her) in an easterly or northerly direction, and shows her the polar star and (the star) Arundhatī with the next two verses (M. I, 9, 6-7), according to the characteristics (contained in those verses).

He then makes her offer the sacrifice of a Sthālīpāka sacred to Agni.

2. The wife husks (the rice grains out of which this Sthālīpāka is prepared).

3. After he has cooked (the Sthālīpāka), and has sprinkled (Ājya) over it, and has taken it from the fire towards the east or the north, and has sprinkled (Ājya) over it while it stands (there near the fire), (the ceremonies) from the putting of wood on the fire down to the Ājyabhāga oblations (are performed), and while she takes hold of him, he sacrifices of that Sthālīpāka.

4. The ‘spreading under’ and the sprinkling over (of Ājya are done) once; two Avadānas (or cut-off portions are taken).

5. Agni is the deity (of the first oblation); the offering is made with the word Svāhā.

6. Or he may sacrifice after having picked out, once, a portion (of the sacrificial food with the Darvi spoon).

7. Agni Sviṣṭakṛt is the second (deity).

8. (At the Sviṣṭakṛt oblation) the ‘spreading under’ and taking an Avadāna are done once, the sprinkling over (of Ājya) twice.

9. The Avadāna for the first deity (is taken) out of the middle (of the Sthālīpāka);

10. It is offered over the centre (of the fire). 11. (The Avadāna) for the second (deity is taken) from the northern part (of the Sthālīpāka);

12. It is offered over the easterly part of the northerly part (of the fire).

13Having silently anointed (a part of) the Barhis (by dipping it) into the remains both (of the Sthālīpāka and the Ājya) in the way prescribed (in the Śrauta ritual) for the (part of the Barhis called) Prastara, he throws (that part of the Barhis) into the fire.

14.(The rule regarding) the second sprinkling (of water round the fire) is valid (here).

15. He gives (the remains of) that (sacrificial food) with butter to a Brāhmaṇa to eat—

16. Whom he reveres. To that (Brāhmaṇa) he makes the present of a bull.

17. In the same way, with the exception of the sacrificial gift, they should sacrifice a Sthālīpāka from then onwards, on the days of the new and full moon, after having fasted.

18. Some say that a vessel full (of grain) is the sacrificial gift.

19. From then onwards he should offer morning and evening with his hand these two oblations (to Agni and to Agni Sviṣṭakṛt) of (rice) grains or of barley.

Prasna 1, Section 1 to Prasna 4, Section 8.



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Free Will or Determinism?

Sraddha Rules How Face,Sit,Perform Homa,For Whom How Many Apasthamba Sutra

I have written on the Basic Samskaras,forty duties,to be performed by three varnas,Brahmana, Kshatriya and Vaisya .

I have written on individual Samskaras,Garbhadhana,Pumsavana,Punyahavaasana,Namakarana and many more.

I have also described details for Sraddha,the Oblations to be performed for ancestors.

These rules,being Smritis,have variations in practice.

Those who are in Dakshina Para,south of Vindhyas follow the rules set by Sage Apasthamba.

Even in the south,there are people who follow other Sutras.

This is due to the Vedas Shaka assigned to them.

The Sakas one has to follow can be found in the Abhivadan Mantra,that is ‘Abhivaadaye….aham asmibho’

There seems to be some doubts on basic procedures to be followed in performing Sraddha.

The authority is the Smriti on these issues.

On How

  1. To sit,
  2. Which direction to face at various point of time during Sraddha,
  3. Light fire for homa,
  4. How many ahutis,
  5. For whom…

These are all set out by Sage Apasthamba in Apasthamba Gruhya Sutra.

Those who follow Apasthamba sutra are to follow this.

I am providing the procedure from Apasthamba Gruhya Sutra.

Praśna 1, Section 1

1. Now (follow) the ceremonies (the knowledge of) which is derived from practice (and not from the Śruti).

2. They should be performed during the northern course of the sun, on days of the first fortnight (of the month), on auspicious days,

3. With the sacrificial cord suspended over (the sacrificer’s) left shoulder.

4. (The rites should be performed) from left to right.

5. The beginning should be made on the east side or on the north side,

6. And also the end.

7. Ceremonies belonging to the Fathers (are performed) in the second fortnight (of the month),

8. With the sacrificial cord suspended over the right shoulder,

9. From right to left,

10. Ending in the south.

11. Ceremonies occasioned by special occurrences (are performed) according as their occasions demand.

12. Having set the fire in a blaze, he strews eastward-pointed Darbha grass around it,

13. Or eastward-pointed and northward-pointed (grass);

14. Southward-pointed at sacrifices to the Fathers,

15. Or southward-pointed and eastward-pointed.

16. To the north of the fire he strews Darbha grass and (on that) he places the vessels (required for sacrifice) upside-down, two by two, if referring to ceremonies directed to the gods,

17. All at once, if to men,

18. One by one, if to the Fathers.

19.The preparation of the (blades used as) ‘purifiers,’ the measure of their length, the preparation of the Prokṣaṇī water, and the sprinkling of the vessels are the same here as at the sacrifices of the new and full moon, (but are performed) in silence.

20.To the west of the fire he pours water into a vessel over which he has laid (two grass blades called) purifiers, purifies (the water) three times with two northward-pointed purifiers, holds it on a level with his nose and mouth, places it to the north of the fire on Darbha grass, and covers it with Darbha grass.

21. On the south side he causes a Brāhmaṇa to sit down on Darbha grass.

22. He melts the Ājya, pours it, to the west of the fire, into the Ājya-pot, over which he has laid two purifiers, draws coals (out of the sacrificial fire) towards the mirth, puts (the Ājya) on them, throws light on it by means of a burning (grass-blade), throws two Darbha points into it, moves a firebrand round it three times, takes it from the fire towards the north, sweeps the coals back (into the fire), purifies (the Ājya) three times with two northward-pointed purifiers, moving them backward and forward, and throws the purifiers into the fire.

Praśna 1, Section 2

1. He warms at the fire the implement with which he sacrifices, wipes it off with Darbha blades, warms it again, sprinkles it (with water), puts it down, touches the Darbha blades with water, and throws them into the fire.

2.As paridhis (or pieces of wood laid round the fire) yoke-pins are used at the marriage, the Upanayana, the Samāvartana, the parting of the (wife’s) hair, the tonsure of the child’s hair, the cutting of the beard, and at expiatory ceremonies.

3. He sprinkles water round the fire, on the south side from west to east with (the words), ‘Aditi, give thy consent!’ on the west side from south to north with ‘Anumati, give thy consent!’ on the north side from west to east with ‘Sarasvatī [sic], give thy consent!’ all around with ‘God Sāvitrī, give thy impulse!’

4. At ceremonies belonging to the Fathers (water is sprinkled) only all round (the fire), silently.

5. Having put a piece of wood on the fire, he offers the two Āghāra oblations as at the sacrifices of the new and full moon, silently.

6. Then he offers the two Ājyabhāga oblations, over the easterly part of the northerly part (of the fire) with (the words), ‘To Agni Svāhā!’ over the easterly part of the southerly part (another oblation) exactly like the preceding one, with (the words), ‘To Soma Svāhā!’

7. Having offered the chief oblations (belonging to each sacrifice) according to prescription, he adds the following oblations, viz. the Jaya, Abhyātāna, Rāṣṭrabhṛt oblations, the oblation to Prajāpati, the Vyāhṛtis one by one, the oblation to (Agni) Sviṣṭakṛt with (the following formula), ‘What I have done too much in this ceremony, or what I have done here too little, all that may Agni Sviṣṭakṛt, he who knows, make well sacrificed and well offered. Svāhā!’

8. The sprinkling (of water) round (the fire is repeated) as above; the Mantras are altered so as to say, ‘Thou hast given thy consent,’ ‘Thou hast given thy impulse.’

9. The designation ‘Pākayajña’ is used of ceremonies connected with worldly life.

10.There the ritual based on the Brāhmaṇa (holds good),



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Mantra For Snake Bites Drive Snakes Yantra Kurukulla Garuda

During my childhood in Srivilliputtur, I was cured of Jaundice by an old lady,without medicine.

Every morning my mother used to take me to the lady’s house.

I will be asked to sit on a wooden plank.

The lady will have a tumbler made of copper, fill it with water.

She will hold a copper needle in the water, slowly swirling it,changing a mantra mentally.

The water would turn reddish dark

After a few minutes she would ask us to go home.

Diet is, no fried items.

I continued visiting her.

As days progressed,water in the tumbler was gradually getting less darker and one day it became clear.

She informed me I was cured and could take normal diet.

I took no other medicine.

Till today, I am yet to get hold of the Manta.

I shall share if and when I get it.

There was one station master near Kadambur,Tamil Nadu,who was reported curing snake bites with Mantra.

One point of interest is that both these persons did not take any money,the treatment was free!

Hindu texts abound in mantras for curing diseases.

I have seen them work.

But I can not offer any explanation nor am I interested in contrived explanations to satisfy scientists.

I am cured, that’s it.

Why should I know how it cured and how does it improve my chances of cure?

Understanding Gravity does not affect the properties of Gravity.

Now to Snakebites Mantra.

To my surprise,the snake bite mantra is attributed to Garuda,the mount of Lord Vishnu,through Devi.

To Devi,in the form of Tvaritta,Kurukulla.

Recall,’kurukulla’ in Lalitha Sahasranama

In one of the Devi Tantras, occurs the Snake bite Tantra to drive away snakes.

The Gāruḍa Tantras present us with a variety of traditions used by Gāruḍikas, practitioners who treat snakebite and other envenomings. The Gāruḍikas’ repertoire consisted of herbal medicines, mantras to the bird-king Garuḍa, protective diagrams, and other spell systems such as vidyā1 goddesses. I have been keeping track of references to these goddesses and with this paper I would like to acquaint you with some of my initial findings on three of them – Tvaritā, Kurukullā and Bheruṇḍā. Tvaritā was the subject of a vast literature, and though much of it has been lost, a substantial amount of material reaches us in manuscripts from Nepal and elsewhere. The literature on Kurukullā is also large, although the early Gāruḍa Tantra passages are consistently thin on detail. Bheruṇḍā’s references were widespread, but like Kurukullā, they lack depth. I might have also told you about Śākta snakebite goddesses such as Jhaṃkāriṇī,2 Jāṅgulī,3 or Suvarṇarekhā,4 for example, but for conciseness I limit myself to the above-named three, who became known to later tradition primarily through derivative traditions.….


In the Kriyākālaguṇottara, a scripture from around the tenth century drawing on older Gāruḍa and Bhūta Tantras, we get a few more specifics:

oṃ kurukulle svāhā. This vidyā is to be written on a sheet of birch bark on the door of a house, facing out. She drives off a snake. By facing inward, it would enter again.

The Tantra is provided at the beginning of the article.



I will now now describe the highly secret mantrams narrated by Shiva. His weapons are the noose, the bow, the discus, the club, the dart and Pattisha. Having used these weapons inspired with mantrams in a battle a king conquers his enemies. The mantram for purifying the mantrans should be first written on a lotus petal. Om is the Brahma Vijam. Hrim is the Vishnu Vijam. These three Vijams should be assigned to the head of Shiva thrice in order.

Om, Hrim, Hrim.

Having taken up the dart in his hand he should whirl it in the sky. By seeing it all the evil stars and serpents are destroyed. Having held the smoky coloured bow by the hand a man should meditate on it in the sky. By it the wicked serpents, the evil stars, clouds and Rakshasas are destroyed. This mantram protects the three worlds, what to speak of the land of mortals?

Om, jum, Sam, Hum, Phat. Eight sticks of Catechu wood, inspired with mantrams, should be placed on the ground. That will prevent the falling of thunder-bolt. The eight sticks should be inspired with great mantram described [Page 57] by Garuda. The ground should be dug twenty one times in the night. This will ward off the dangers proceeding from lightning, mouse, and thunder-bolt.

The mantram is:—Hara, Kshara, amala, Vashat, added with Vindu Sadasiva.

Om, Hram, salutation unto Sadashiva.

He should then assign pinda (balls of rice) effulgent like Darimi flowers with the fore-finger. By seeing it the evil clouds, lightning and other enemies viz. the Rakshasas, goblins and female ghosts fly away into the ten quarters.’

Om, Hrim, salutation unto Ganesha. Om, Hrim, salutation unto the chakra of Sthambhana.

Om, em, salutation unto the Damaras of the three worlds.

This pinda is called Bhairava which counteracts the effect of poison and the evil effects of the hostile planets. It protects the field and grinds the goblins and Rakshasas.

Om, Namas. Having meditated on the thunder-bolt of his hand he should ward off the evil influence of wicked clouds and with Vajra Mudra all the ghosts, the enemies with poison. Om, Kshum, Namas. He should meditate on his left hand. It destroys all venomous creatures.

Om, Hram, Namas. The very recitation of this mantram destroys the evil clouds and stars. Having meditated on death he should consume the universe with the destroying weapon.

Om, Kshma, Namas.

Meditating on Bhairava one should remove the evil influences of stars, goblins and poison.

Om lasat, jhvaksha Svaha. This mantram destroys the enemies of the field vis, the evil stars, goblins, poison and birds.

Om Ksham Namas. The figure of a cistern should be drawn with blood and then the names of planets should be written there.

[Page 58] Om, Mara, Mara, Maraya, Maraya Svaha. Om, Hum, Phat, Svaha.

The dart should be inspired mentally with eight hundred mantrams. It destroys all the enemies.

With higher energies the lower ones should be suppressed. Then the mantrams should be practised in Puraka and should be again well inspired in Kumbhaka. They should then be received with Pranava. When the mantrams are thus properly received and used they yield fruts like servants.



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Chetan Senguttuvan Himalayan expedition.image

Satavahana Dynasty Gautamiputra Satakarni Satavahavana Dynasty 9600 BC

I have come across the curious reticence of Historians when they write on Indian history.

They are prepared to take as authentic texts/books by Authors from the West,from Plato, Thucydides,Xenophon,Ptolomey, Strabo,Megasthanes,Huan -tsuang,The Bible,Iliad,Odessey,Koran ,they brush aside Indian texts as myths,legends and the works of ancient Indian writers as figment of overworked imagination!

But facts of Indian history are being confirmed by Archeology, Etymology, Cultural cross references,asro dating,Archeoastronomy,Carbon dating,Sea floor movements,Glacial movements,Strata verification , Plate Tectonics ,Cave paintings,and Epigraphs.

Western history,as revealed by these tools,are quite nascent when compared to the Timeline of India.

The earlier western texts can not quote the much more ancient Indian texts because they had no access or even if they had,their knowledge was limited because of their poor understanding of Sanskrit ,Brahmi of various hues and the Ethos of Indian culture.

And nearly all of them miss out sources other than those in Sanskrit.

There was and is Tamil,Kannada,Telugu, Bengali.

These languages are also ancient and they have vast literature.

References found in these sync with what is found in Sanskrit.

Sanskrit and these languages quote each other on historical events.

Thus we find that,

Kannada and Tamil kings took part in the Mahabharata war,

Bengal was over twenty-five Thousand years old,

Varanasi is the oldest continuously inhabited city of the world,


So ,when foreign authors write on Indian history,they record what they have seen and not on what happened earlier in India.

Yet some of them like Strabo,Megasthanes,Huan-tsusang,Fa-hien refer to the antiquity of India.

Strabo and Megasthanes refer to Tamil and Lanka in detail.

The assignment of dates in Indian history now is based nearly wholly on these western sources,and not much on Indian sources.

If one were to devote time to study Indian texts and cross reference them among Sanskrit,Pali,Tamil,Kannada texts and further check with Epigraphs found in Indian temples,real Indian history would emerge.

It stands to reason to trust these multiple sources as they were independent of each other , region wise language wise and the kings of these countries were at war with others at many a times.

The problem arises when the current date assigned to an event in Indian history is way Off the mark by as much as 10,000 years!

Yet, the evidence is compelling.

One such is the the dating of Tamil Chera kings and the Satavahavana dynasties.

Satavahavana dynasty ruled initially from Prathistana,Amravathi and their kingdom encompassed Central India,Andhra, Maharashtra, Karnataka.

They succeeded the Kanva dynasty.

The first king is Simuka.

One of the greatest kings was Gautamiputra Satakarni.

He assisted the Chera King Cheran Senguttuvan.

As Senguttuvan is dated around 9600 BC,Gautamiputra Satakarni and the Satavahavana dynasty may be dated from the present First Century BC to 9600-9500 BC.

Gautamiputra Satakarni coin.image.

Gautamiputra Satakarni coin, Satavahavana.

This declaration by this king happened in the first century CE. This is known from the fact that this king was a friend of Gautamiputra Satakarniwhose time period has been documented. The name Satakarni is “Nootruvar kannar” in Tamil. He provided boats to enable Cheran’s army to cross the Ganges. From there onwards, till their destination in the Himalayas, they had met with some resistance. Silappadhikaram makes a mention that this Cheran king won over the “ill-mouthed Yavanas” before reaching the Himalayas (from where he procured the stone for making the image of Kannagi)..

A cross reference comes from the Nashik inscription on the mother of Gautamiputra Satakarni that her son (Satakarni) subdued Yavanas too besides Shakas and Pahlavas. There is no other reference to when and how he made this happen. But just 2 lines from Silappadhikaram on the Cheran king’s victory over Yavanas give a complete picture of what happened.
In Mahabharata, the Yavanas, Shakas and Pahlavas are grouped together as having kinship among themselves. Their location was in North West India at the base of Himalayas which is in today’s Pakistan or Afghanistan. It is obvious that the stone for making the deity was collected from that part of the Himalayas for which the Cheran army and Satakarni army had gone together. They had faced resistance from the Yavanas and others but successfully overpowered them.
The exact cause for the war with them can be guessed from the Tamil text. It refers to the Yavanas as “ill-mouthed” (van sol). The Yavanas must have hurled abuses at the Cheran king and Satakani which was promptly paid back by them.
This victory has found a mention in the Nashik inscription while it finds a fleeting mention in Silappadhikaram. The absence of reference to Pahlavas and Shakas is due to the fact all Mlecchas were referred to as Yavanas in Tamil texts.



The Satavahana power was revived by Gautamiputra Satakarni, who is considered the greatest of the Satavahana rulers.Charles Higham dates his reign  103 – c. 127 CE. S. Nagaraju dates it 106–130 CE. The king defeated by him appears to have been the Western Kshatrapa ruler Nahapana, as suggested by Nahapana’s coins overstuck with names and titles of Gautamiputra. The Nashik prashasti inscription of Gautamiputra’s mother Gautami Balashri, dated to the 20th year after his death, records his achievements. The most liberal interpretation of the inscription suggests that his kingdom extended from the present-day Rajasthan in the north to Krishna river in the south, and from Saurashtra in the west to Kalinga in the east. He assumed the titles Raja-Raja (King of Kings) and Maharaja (Great King), and was described as the Lord of Vindhya.

During the last years of his reign, his administration was apparently handled by his mother, which could have been a result of an illness or military preoccupation.According to the Nasik inscription made by his mother Gautami Balashri, he was the one …

… who crushed down the pride and conceit of the Kshatriya; who destroyed the Sakas (Western Satraps), Yavanas (Indo-Greeks) and Pahlavas (Indo-Parthians),… who rooted out the Khakharata family (the Kshaharata family of Nahapana); who restored the glory of the Satavahana race.

 Inscription of Queen Mother Gautami Balashri at Cave No.3 of the Pandavleni Caves in Nashik.



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Ancient Tamil Life Expectancy 100 Ptolemy 100 BC

The effirts of Historians to deny the antiquity of India and Tamil are debunked when one reads the Books by Western authors .

Attempts to place Indian texts to dates as close to Christian Era are being met with contrary evidence.

Tamil is generously (!) Dated as 2000 years old.

Even Sangam literature is placed at 300BC or even at 800 AD!

This despite the fact,

Poompuhar,Tamil Nadu is dated 11000 years ago by archeological finds,

Roman colony in Madurai is dated 300 BC

A million year old Tamil site being found near Chennai

I can go on adding.

I have written on the antiquity of Tamil and Sanatana Dharma,Vedas.

The former under ‘Tamil’ category and others under ‘Hinduism’

Tamil kings of yore annexed kingdoms from around the world and they had thriving Naval trade with foreign countries like Greece,Rome.

Roman coins were found near Madurai,Tamil Nadu.

Greek hisorian records that the port of Hipporus on the coast of Sri Lanka was ruled by Tamil King.

A traveler from Rome reached the port through Arabia and leant Tamil.

This was in 70BC!

“Annius Plocamus, a freedman, having farmed the customs of the Red Sea, was, while sailing along the coast of Arabia over fifteen days, driven by contrary winds into Hippuros, a port of Taprobane, where he was entertained with kindly hospitality by the king. In six months’ time he acquired a thorough knowledge of the Tamil language.”

Taprobane is River Tambrabarani,which flows in southern Tamil Nadu even today.

This river flowed about 200 million years ago in. Lemuria.

An embassy of four envoys were sent from the island to Rome, including ambassador-in-chief Rasaiah from the King of Kudiramalai. To the Romans, the Kudiramalai envoys related particulars about their kingdom’s inhabitants, including their common life expectancy of 100 years, their government, a council of thirty persons, free civil liberties and laws pertaining to abuse of sovereign power, their trade with the Seres (Chinese), their festivals surrounding “the chase”, and their delights in the elephant and the tiger. The ambassadors felt their kingdom to be richer than Rome’s, although in their eyes Rome put its wealth to much better use.

-Periplus of the Erythraean Sea

Kudiramalai is now in Sri Lanka.

In earlier times it was a part of Tamils in Lemuria.


On the Gulf of Mannar near Silavaturai, the town shares a history with nearby Karaitivu Island, the ancient port town of Mannar and the Ketheeswaram temple. Kudiramalai is the northernmost point of Puttalam District and was a southern port of Mannar during the classical period, serving the northern kingdoms of the Jaffna Peninsula and Vanni country as one of their southernmost border towns. It is west of Vanni from Trincomalee, home of Koneswaram temple.

Rulers included Alli Raani, Korran, his father (Pittan) and contemporaries, Athiyamān Nedumān Añci and his son Kumanan. Traders brought several horses on watercraft to the island during the Sangam period. The port was known as Hippuros by the ancient Greeks, and was mentioned in Ptolemy’s Periplus of the Erythraean Sea. Archaeological excavations have found that Kudiramalai was inhabited from the first century BCE to the seventh century CE.

Sources and references.



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Sanauli Chariot Find 4000 Years Harappan Horse

The self-styled historians of India seem to a single mission in their life.

However erudite these historians are,which is an epbithet they seem to describe themselves,their dishonesty shows when the come to interpret facts relating to Indian history.

This is not limited to denying the statements made in ancient Indian texts including the Vedas and Puranas.

Despite the facts that,

Ramayana is dated around 5114 CE,

Mahabharata has thirty nine archeological sites which proves the Mahabharatathe,

One Million old Advanced Tamil site being found near Chennai,Tamil Nadu,India,

Poompuhar, Tamil Nadu is dated about twenty thousand years ago,

Tamil sites in Arikkamedu,Adichanallur are dated about 5000 Years old,

Oldest Murugan temple in Pondicherry is dated around 4000 BC,

Dwaraka is dated Thirty thousand years old…

these Scholars go on denying the dates assigned to Sites relating to Indian history!

As if this is not enough,they bring in new theories like the Aryan Invasion theory of India.

This theory is discredited now.

However these doyens take another argument that based on the Horse.

Their contention is that the Horses were brought in by the invading Aryans to India.

( However,they are forced to assign 5000 CE to Rig Veda as they could not prove it to be otherwise)

Also that Horses were not found in Harappa.

Now let me refute.

1. There are Vedic References to the horses.

The Rig Veda reference to Horse.

1. SLIGHT us not Varuṇa, Aryaman, or Mitra, Ṛbhukṣan, Indra, Āyu, or the Maruts,
When we declare amid the congregation the virtues of the strong Steed, God-descended.
2 What time they bear before the Courser, covered with trappings and with wealth, the grasped oblation,
The dappled goat goeth straightforward, bleating, to the place dear to Indra and to Pūṣan.
3 Dear to all Gods, this goat, the share of Pūṣan, is first led forward with the vigorous Courser,
While Tvaṣṭar sends him forward with the Charger, acceptable for sacrifice, to glory.
4 When thrice the men lead round the Steed, in order, who goeth to the Gods as meet oblation,
The goat precedeth him, the share of Pūṣan, and to the Gods the sacrifice announceth.
5 Invoker, ministering priest, atoner, fire-kindler Soma-presser, sage, reciter,
With this well ordered sacrifice, well finished, do ye fill full the channels of the rivers.
6 The hewers of the post and those who carry it, and those who carve the knob to deck the Horse’s stake;
Those who prepare the cooking-vessels for the Steed,—may the approving help of these promote our work.
7 Forth, for the regions of the Gods, the Charger with his smooth back is come my prayer attends him.
In him rejoice the singers and the sages. A good friend have we won for the Gods’ banquet.
8 May the fleet Courser’s halter and his heel-ropes, the head-stall and the girths and cords about him.
And the grass put within his mouth to bait him,—among the Gods, too, let all these be with thee.
9 What part of the Steed’s flesh the fly hath eaten, or is left sticking to the post or hatchet,
Or to the slayer’s hands and nails adhereth,—among the Gods, too, may all this be with thee.
10 Food undigested steaming from his belly, and any odour of raw flesh remaining,
This let the immolators set in order and dress the sacrifice with perfect cooking.
11 What from thy body which with fire is roasted, when thou art set upon the spit, distilleth,
Let not that lie on earth or grass neglected, but to the longing Gods let all be offered.
12 They who observing that the Horse is ready call out and say, the smell is good; remove it;
And, craving meat, await the distribution,—may their approving help promote labour.
13 The trial-fork of the flesh-cooking caldron, the vessels out of which the broth is sprinkled,
The warming-pots, the covers of the dishes, hooks, carving-boards,—all these attend the Charger.
14 The starting-place, his place of rest and rolling, the ropes wherewith the Charger’s feet were fastened,
The water that he drank, the food he tasted,—among the Gods, too, may all these attend thee.
15 Let not the fire, smoke-scented, make thee crackle, nor glowing caldron smell and break to pieces.
Offered, beloved, approved, and consecrated,—such Charger do the Gods accept with favour.
16 The robe they spread upon the Horse to clothe him, the upper covering and the golden trappings,
The halters which restrain the Steed, the heel-ropes,—all these, as grateful to the Gods, they offer.
17 If one, when seated, with excessive urging hath with his heel or with his whip distressed thee,
All these thy woes, as with the oblations’ ladle at sacrifices, with my prayer I banish.
18 The four-and-thirty ribs of the. Swift Charger, kin to the Gods, the slayer’s hatchet pierces.
Cut ye with skill, so that the parts be flawless, and piece by piece declaring them dissect them.
19 Of Tvaṣṭar’s Charger there is one dissector,—this is the custom-two there are who guide him.
Such of his limbs as I divide in order, these, amid the balls, in fire I offer.
20 Let not thy dear soul burn thee as thou comest, let not the hatchet linger in thy body.
Let not a greedy clumsy immolator, missing the joints, mangle thy limbs unduly.
21 No, here thou diest not, thou art not injured: by easy paths unto the Gods thou goest.
Both Bays, both spotted mares are now thy fellows, and to the ass’s pole is yoked the Charger.
22 May this Steed bring us all-sustaining riches, wealth in good kine, good horses, manly offspring.
Freedom from sin may Aditi vouchsafe us: the Steed with our oblations gain us lordship!

Rig Veda Book 1. Chaoter XLXII

Source. Ralph Griffith’s translation of the Rig Veda.


2. Horses are mentioned repeatedly in the Vedas,Puranas referring to them while talking about the Aswamedha yaga,the Horse sacrifice.

3. These ancient texts and ancient Tamil Texts speak of the four types armies.


Gaja, Elephants,

Thuraka,Horse and


Nowhere in the ancient history of the world you would hear about all these being used at the same time.

4.The Ashwin kumara Twins referred to in the Purana,they are referred to as Celestial physicians

5.Hayagreeva God of Wisdom,was cloned with Human and has the face of a Horse.

6. The kings of ancient kingdoms had teaching syllabus for Hirse riding.

7. Charioteering was a specific profession and people were trained.

Sumandhira was the Charioteer of Dasaratha,Father of Lord Rama

Lord Krishna was the Charioteer of Arjuna during the Mahabharatha War.

Salliya was the Charioteer of Karna,during the same War.

Karna was brought up by a Charioteer.

I can keep on adding references.

Yet, Scholars refuse to take these as ,in their opinion,are only legends and are referred in texts only!

What do they expect?

Horses and Chariots used in those ancient days remains standing as proof!

Yet, these same people would accept texts as source for the history of the West.

Now additional evidence on the use of Chariot has been found in a\nn ancient site in India.

The self styled Indologists now say that they are Chariots but they need not have been used with Horses!

Recent discovery of three ‘pre-Iron Age’ carriers in Western Uttar Pradesh has excited the world of ancient history. But equally interesting would be the result of a search: were they horse-ridden?

A week has passed since the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) claimed to have stumbled upon three pre-Iron Age chariots that can challenge the famed Aryan invasion theory, lending sharper focus on to whether it were horses or bulls that pulled these carriers estimated to be from 2000-1800 BC.

The copper remains of the chariots, found inside burial pits in a quiet spot along the Gangetic plains in present-day Western Uttar Pradesh’s Baghpat district, date further back to the Bronze Age. That would mean an antiquity of 4,000 years—and a possible hint at their similarities of what existed during the civilisation in faraway Mesopotamia in Western Asia, according to ASI officials.

The latest round of a three-month-long excavation in Sanauli, 75 km west of Delhi, began in March this year, and has unearthed eight burial remains as well. Out of these, three are coffins, archaeologists reveal. All the burials have pottery kept around the body: big pots near the legs and small bowls close to the head—indicating their lying in northwest direction, reveals Dr Sanjay Kumar Manjul, director of the ASI’s Institute of Archaeology, in charge of the excavation.( https://www.outlookindia.com/website/story/asi-excavated-sanauli-chariots-have-potential-to-challenge-aryan-invasion-theory/312415


More information on Harappan Horse and rebuttal of Indologists (?)

Physical remains of the horse in Indus-Sarasvati sites

Our first surprise is that contrary to conventional assertions, quite a few archaeologists have reported horse remains from India’s prehistoric sites. A. Ghosh’s respected and authoritative Encyclopaedia of Indian Archaeology mentions without fuss:

In India the … true horse is reported from the Neolithic levels at Kodekal [dist. Gulbarga of Karnataka] and Hallur [dist. Raichur of Karnataka] and the late Harappa levels at Mohenjo-daro (Sewell and Guha, 1931) and Ropar and at Harappa, Lothal and numerous other sites. … Recently bones of Equus caballus have also been reported from the proto-Harappa site of
Malvan in Gujarat.1

Mortimer Wheeler, a flamboyant proponent of the Aryan invasion theory if ever there was one, admitted long ago that “it is likely enough that camel, horse and ass were in fact a familiar feature of the Indus caravan.”2 The well- known archaeologist B. B. Lal refers to a number of horse teeth and bones reported from Kalibangan, Ropar, Malvan and Lothal.3 Another senior archaeologist, S. P. Gupta, adds further details on those finds, including early ones.4 In the case of Lothal, the archaeozoologist Bhola Nath certified the identification of a tooth;5 he also made similar observations regarding bones from Mohenjo-daro and Harappa.6

Harappa horse

Remains of Horse,Harappa.

Horse remains,Harappa.

A. K. Sharma’s well-known identification of horse remains (Fig. 1) at Surkotada (in Katchchh) was endorsed by the late Hungarian archaeozoologist Sándor Bökönyi, an internationally respected authority in the field; in 1991, taking care to distinguish them from those of the local wild ass (khur), he confirmed several of them to be “remnants of true horses,”7 and what is more, domesticated horses. In his 1993 report to the Director-General of the Archaeological Survey of India, Bökönyi made no bones about the whole issue:

Through a thorough study of the equid remains of the prehistoric settlement of Surkotada, Kutch, excavated under the direction of Dr. J. P. Joshi, I can state the following: The occurrence of true horse (Equus caballus L.) was evidenced by the enamel pattern of the upper and lower cheek and teeth and by the size and form of incisors and phalanges (toe bones). Since no wild horses lived in India in post-Pleistocene times, the domestic nature of the Surkotada horses is undoubtful. This is also supported by an inter- maxilla fragment whose incisor tooth shows clear signs of crib biting, a bad habit only existing among domestic horses which are not extensively used for war.8

Quite in tune with the findings at Surkotada and Lothal, P. K. Thomas, P. P. Joglekar et al., experts from the Deccan College on faunal remains, reported horse bones from the nearby Harappan site of Shikarpur “in the Mature Harappan period,”9 and from Kuntasi (at the boundary between Kutch and Saurashtra).10

To the Neolithic sites mentioned by A. Ghosh, we must add Koldihwa (in the Belan valley of Allahabad district), where G. R. Sharma et al. identified horse fossils.11 Contemporary with the Harappan period, the culture of the Chambal valley (in Madhya Pradesh) was explored by the respected archaeologist M. K. Dhavalikar, with layers dated between 2450 and 2000 BCE.
His observations are remarkable:

The most interesting is the discovery of bones of horse from the Kayatha levels and a terracotta figurine of a mare. It is the domesticate species (Equus caballus), which takes back the antiquity of the steed in India to the latter half of the third millennium BC. The presence of horse at Kayatha in all the chalcolithic levels assumes great significance in the light of the controversy about the horse.12

Let us stress that just as at Surkotada, the horse at Kayatha was domesticated.

In the face of so many reports from so many sites by so many experts, a blanket denial of the animal’s physical presence in pre-1500 BCE India passes one’s comprehension. Are we to believe that all identifications of horse remains by experts are wrong and misleading? Have scholars rejecting such evidence personally crosschecked even 10% of it? Have they, too, expressed similar doubts about the identification of other animal remains found in the same sites and conditions?

Richard Meadow and Ajita Patel did challenge Sándor Bökönyi’s report to the Archaeological Survey.13 Bökönyi however stuck to his views (although he passed away before he could give his final response), and Meadow and Patel concluded their long plea with the rather weak statement that “… in the end that [Bökönyi’s identification of horse remains at Surkotada] may be a matter of emphasis and opinion.”14 What makes their eagerness to convince Bökönyi to change his mind suspect is that they never challenged Indian experts such as A. K. Sharma, P. K. Thomas or P. P. Joglekar; it was only when Bökönyi endorsed findings on the “Harappan horse” that they got alarmed. Since then, amusingly, their inconclusive paper has been quoted by several Marxist15 historians as the last word on the nonexistence of the horse in the Indus- Sarasvati civilization.16 Even more ironically, when invasionists attempt to trace the introduction of the horse into Europe, they turn to the same Bökönyi!17 His expertise was never in question in Europe, but is unacceptable in India.

The old argument that so-called horse remains invariably belong to species of wild ass such as the onager (Equus hemionus onager), the khur (Equus hemionus khur), or the plain ass (Equus asinus) is unacceptable, firstly because it is sweeping in nature and produces little or no evidence, secondly because in several cases, experts have simultaneously reported remains of the wild ass from the very same sites, which implies some ability to distinguish between those species.18

Depictions of the horse and the spoked wheel

The Harappans certainly built much of their religious symbols around animals, depicting many of them on their seals and tablets, in terracotta figurines, or as pottery motifs. While it is true that the horse does not appear on the Harappan seals (except if we were to accept the conjecture by S. R. Rao26 and a few other scholars that the composite animal represented on thousands of seals as a unicorn actually has a horse’s head), it has been hastily claimed that the animal is never depicted at all.

A horse figurine did emerge at Mohenjo-daro (Fig. 2), which drew the following comment from E. J. H. Mackay, one of the early excavators at the site:

Perhaps the most interesting of the model animals is one that I personally take to represent a horse. I do not think we need be particularly surprised if it should be proved that the horse existed thus early at Mohenjo-daro.27

Horse,Harappa, Archeological Site.

Remains of Horse,Harappa.

Horse in Mohenjo-Daro.

Horse remains are found in Lothal also.

For more check the Link.

Published in the Journal of Indian History and Culture of the C. P. Ramaswami Aiyar Institute of Indological Research, Chennai, September 2006, No.13, pp. 33-59.


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Surinam Named after Krishna Guyana Hidden Western Shore,Hindu Roots Meso Americas

Sanatana Dharma,Hinduism was present in all ancient cultures and civilisations.

It was present in Sumerian,Minoan, Egyptian,Mayan,Inca civilisations.

One can find Archeological, Astronomical,Etymological and cultural evidence to prove this fact.

I have written on Mesoamerican civilisations and their roots in Sanatana Dharma.

What is Meso America?

Mesoamerica is an important historical region and cultural area in the Americas, extending from approximately central Mexico through Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and northern Costa Rica, and within which pre-Columbian societies flourished before the Spanish colonization of the Americas in the 15th and 16th centuries’ (wiki).

Mexico,Aztecs followed Sanatana Dharma,Caste system,Upanayana

Astabhuja ,Eight Armed Devi worshipped in Mexico

Navaratri,Rama Sits Festival in Mexico

Madurai ,India Temple design in Guatemala Chichen Itza

Hindu Temple Ruins in Mexico

Hindus Yaksha city in Mexico.Mayans Tamils

Americas Patala of Hinduism

Mayan Civilization,Shiva’s Earrings,Vishnu Para ,Navagraha

Sage Kasyapa is found in all world cultures.

Temple of Makaratdwaja,son of Hanuman is found in Honduras.

Cameroonians speak Tamil ,a language of India,which is over three thousand years old.

Now more on Meso Americas.

The Hindus of antiquity had an ancient astro-geographical map with four lotus petals pointing in the cardinal directions, called Mt. Meru (the world mountain). The point of the left petal fell on a seaport called Ketumala or Chetumala. Both pronunciations were used. The lower center petal was Jambudvipa (subcontinent India ).

One day, I decided to examine a map of Meso-America in order to find out whether a Chetumala or Ketumala ever existed there. It did not take me long to find out that Chetumal is even now a safe port in what is presently Belize, Central America. (See the illustrations below). The name of this port of Chetumal has never changed in all these thousands of years. According to the available evidence, I knew I had found the Chetumala depicted on the point of the left petal of the Mt. Meru drawing. But the skeptics and so-called ‘historians and mytholigists’ who are dead set against India knowing the truth about herself, for foolish reasons only they can know, insisted that the Central American Chetumal was just a coincidence. What I have never revealed to anyone until now is that the Belize Chetumal is absolutely nothing compared to the total proof you will learn in my upcoming conclusion to this article. However, my life is steadily going to its inevitable end. In order to produce fascinating articles, I have spent too much time writing anti-climaxes, while simultaneously honing my own historical skills to near perfection, building up to the time when the hero finally gets the girl. I must act now while there is still time.

See figures towards the end of the article.

You will notice that just to the left of the Chetumal petal there is a body of water called the Kashyapa Sea . A meaning of Kashyapa is ‘sea turtle; tortoise.’ We now call the Kashyapa Sea the Caribbean Sea . It is commonly known that more sea turtles of different species inhabit Meso–America and Eastern Central America than any other place in the world. One species in the region, the Hawksbill, has always been hunted for its beautiful shell which, for thousands of years, has been used to make fine ornaments. In ancient days, there were uncountable millions of Hawksbills in the Caribbean Sea . Because of centuries of feverish and constant harvesting, the Hawksville population has shrunk to an estimated 22,000 nesting females. Belize itself is a composite Sanskrit word Bala= Facing the East; The Rising Sun. Isha or Isa = God Shiva. Belize indeed faces the east.

But not even this is enough proof for those wanting to keep India hidden under the rug. So now it’s time to reveal something that no rug can ever hide. Chetumala or Ketumala is not the official name of the left petal. It is the official name of the harbor itself. The full territory was called Aparagoyana or just Goyana ( Guyana )! Apara=Western; being in the west of; a bad shore. Guh=concealed; hide; keep secret; a hiding place; filth; etc. Yana=journey; going; moving; riding; a vehicle of any kind; ship, etc. (See ancient Geography of Ayodhya, by Dr. Shyam Narain Pande; p. 8, plus 87 other references listed in the Internet.)

Aparagoyana ( Guyana ) clearly tells us that the Guhyakas and the Rakshasas were being exiled to Guyana because the civilized world was ashamed of them. Today, the name Guyana has shrunk to just the top right half of South America, but a sizable portion of the territory still retains enough of the ancient name of the left petal to let us know that the total region was in no way named Ketu Mal but Apara-Guyana. On the map itself, you will see Guyana as the first nation. The second nation’s name has been changed to Suriname, which is also derived from Sanskrit. Suri is a name of God Krishna. Nama=Named. The third one at the right is French Guiana or French Guyana.

Source. http://viewzone.com/gene.india.html




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Kashmir,Kasyapapura Kaspapyros Kaspeiria 50000 Years Old Mammoth Fossil. Missing

Kashmir, India was the abode of Sage Kasyapa.

It is quite ancient and the origin of the name of Kashmir was from Sage Kasyapa.

In peace, sons bury their fathers. In war, fathers bury their sons.” Greek Philosopher, Herodotus” On Kashmir.

One of the neanings of the Sanskrit word Kasyapa is Turtle.

The Turtle name figures in ancient legends in connection with Earth and it is stated that the Earth is on the back of the Turtle.

The Eight Mammoths,Elephants support the Earth, one each for one direction, according to Hindu Puranas.

Sage Kasyapa is one of the Seven Seers,who transcend Time and live even after the Dissolution of the Universe,Pralaya.

These seven Seers change fir Each Manvantara,A Time Scale of Hinduism,which runs into thiusands of years.

For details on Seven Seers,Saptha Rishis and Manvantara, please read my articles on these.

Kasyapa is found in world legends,and is not restricted to India.

Caspian Sea is named after him, Kashyap Sagar.

He is also found in Europe,and Newzealand.

Kaśyapa, alternatively kacchapa, means “turtle” in Sanskrit. According to Michael Witzel, it is related to Avestan kasiiapa, Sogdian kyšph, New Persian kašaf, kaš(a)p which mean “tortoise”, after which Kashaf Rūd or a river in Turkmenistan and Khorasan is named. Others trace it to Tokarian Bkaccāp (“brainpan”), Polish kacap (czerep, “brainpan”, “hardliner”), Tokarian A kāccap (“turtle”, “tortoise)’

..n some Puranas, Kashyapa is said to have drained the Kashmir valley to make it inhabitable. Some interpret this legend to parallel the legend of Buddhist Manjushri draining Nepal and Tibet, wherein the “draining” is an allegory for teaching ideas and doctrines, removing stagnant waters of ignorance and extending learning and civilization into the valley. The Sindh city Multan (now in Pakistan), also called Mulasthana, has been interpreted alternatively as Kashyapapura in some stories after Kashyapa. Yet another interpretation has been to associate Kashyapa as River Indus in the Sindh region. However, these interpretations and the links of Multan as Kashyapapura to Kashmir have been questioned.



Kashmir name.

The Sanskrit word for Kashmir was káśmīra. The Nilamata Purana describes the Valley’s origin from the waters, a lake called Sati-saras.A popular, but uncertain, local etymology of Kashmira is that it is land desiccated from water.

An alternative, but also uncertain, etymology derives the name from the name of the sage Kashyapa who is believed to have settled people in this land. Accordingly, Kashmir would be derived from either kashyapa-mir (Kashyapa’s Lake) or kashyapa-meru (Kashyapa’s Mountain)..

In the Rajatarangini, a history of Kashmirwritten by Kalhana in the mid-12th century, it is stated that the valley of Kashmir was formerly a lake. According to Hindumythology, the lake was drained by the great rishi or sage, Kashyapa, son of Marichi, son of Brahma, by cutting the gap in the hills at Baramulla (Varaha-mula).When Kashmir had been drained, Kashyapa asked Brahmins to settle there. This is still the local tradition, and in the existing physical condition of the country, we may see some ground for the story which has taken this form.The name of Kashyapa is by history and tradition connected with the draining of the lake, and the chief town or collection of dwellings in the valley was called Kashyapa-pura, which has been identified with Kaspapyros of Hecataeus (apud Stephanus of Byzantium) and Kaspatyros of Herodotus (3.102, 4.44).Kashmir is also believed to be the country meant by Ptolemy‘s Kaspeiria...

The earlier researches traced the History of Kashmir to 3920 CE based on archeological site ubearthed.

Earliest Neolithic sites in the flood plains of Kashmir valley are dated to c. 3000 BCE. Most important of these sites are the settlements at Burzahom, which had two Neolithic and one Megalithic phases. First phase (c. 2920 BCE) at Burzahom is marked by mud plastered pit dwellings, coarse pottery and stone tools.

However the fossil find of a Mammoth is dated around fifty thousand years ago.

Indian geologists say they have unearthed the 50,000-year-old fossil of an elephant in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

The fossil was discovered in a field of saffron at Gallander, east of Srinagar, the state’s summer capital, by geology students who immediately called in experts.

The geologists say this indicates that Kashmir, situated on the edge of the Himalayas, had a warm climate several thousand years ago.

The find consists of a skull measuring 5ft by 4ft (1.5m by 1.2m) with complete lower and upper jaws, a broken tusk measuring and a vertebra...

Hence it may be deduced that Kashmir is about 59,000 Years old.




. In Kashmir, the valley of Kashmir, it appears it was many years
ago a lake. Now, there is an ancient Sanskrit manuscript that tells of
a lake that existed in that area, so that account is there in some ancient
writings. Now, according to modern geological reporting, about 40,000
years ago Kashmir was indeed a lake in the valley of Kashmir in northern
India. It was covered by a huge lake and it was blocked on the southern
end by a little range of mountains. And at a certain point, something
happened and it broke open and the lake drained out. That happened
about 40,000 to 50,000 years ago. So, it is interesting that you’ve got
this ancient historical record that talks about this lake. And if it is to be
taken literally, then it means that somebody must have seen this lake
as it existed 50,000 years ago and wrote about it.”


Fossil missing!

In 2007, the mammoth was “secretly” removed from its makeshift tin shed at the excavation site and shifted to University of Jammu. The fossil had become a bone of contention between Universities of Kashmir and Jammu, with former accusing latter of “clandestinely” shifting it without their knowledge in 2007.

For several years, the mammoth skull with complete lower and upper jaws and a broken tusk was gathering dust in corridor of the Jammu University’s Geology department. The fossil was later shifted to newly set up Wadia Museum of natural history in the varsity.


was shocked to learn from the Jammu University authorities that the mammoth is not there,” said Khalid Bashir Ahmad, a former KAS officer who retired as secretary Cultural Academy.

Bashir said during his research for a write up, he had sought information on the mammoth from Jammu University through an RTI application on November 22, 2017.

Bashir said he had asked for details about how the fossil reached Jammu University. “I had also sought information on the action taken against the person who removed it from Galandhar since his act was unauthorized and illegal,


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Nataraja,Shiva In Orion Constellation, Cave Arts As Hunter Kratha Shiva

All civilizations have references to Celestial phenomena.

The refer constellations,Milky way or some Zodiac signs.

The Zodiac signs are alluded to Legends, Mythology and faith systems of a particular race or civilization.

Some researchers have linked these concepts to UFO,Aliens, Ancient Space Technology.

Thus we find sculptures, Petroglyphs ((Rock Art) Cave paintings of ancient sites unearthed.

We have the Nazca Lines,Peru, Stonehenge in UK ,Cave arts in France, Germany,Tibet, Romania, Australia and in Karnataka,Tamil Nadu and other parts of India.

We do find sculptures of this type in many temples of India,where one can find Astronaut costumes,UFO like sculptures.

And unique to Hinduism is the fact that every event is marked ,referred to and linked to Celestial phenomenon.

And many temples were built, aligned to Cosmic presence or constellations.

These temples,or some of them are linked to Earth’s features like its Geomagnetic activity ot its centre.

Gods in Hinduism are linked to celestial events..

Vishnu’s foot print in sky,

Vishnu’s Discus as Andromeda Galaxy,

‘ I am producing information on Eight Shiva Temples of Shiva.

They are located in the same Longitude,

79* 41.


Nataraja temple,Chidambaram,Tamil Nadu,which is designed after Orion Constellation’s Supernova explosion.

There is Empty Space in the enclosure adjacent to Nataraja idol in the temple.

Aarthi is performed to this Space after an Aarthi is offered to Nataraja.

This empty Space reflects the Abstract principle Brahman, the Reality.

Researches have been conducted on this temple on various aspects, its construction, Roof, Pillars, Magnetic Radiation,

Natarja’s Big Toe is presumed to represent the center of the universe.

It is also stated that Lord Nataraja ‘s big toe is the Centre Point of World ‘s Magnetic Equator.

Chidambaram ,Kanchipuram and Sri Kalahasti lie in a straight line at 79* 41 East Longitude…

Nataraja Temple Chidambaram represents Supernova Explosion 1054 AD

Now evidence has come to light that this Hunter Constellation,Orion,is found in the Petroglyphs in Tamil Nadu, especially in Narthamalai,Dindigul District,Tamil Nadu,India.

These are found elsewhere in India.

Will be writing on this.

It is curious to note that Shiva legends in some form or other is present in all world civilizations.

The Nazca Lines of Peru looks like Shiva’s Trishul.

It also seems to be OM in Tamil Brahmi Script.

Orion Constellation resembles Hunter.

Lord Shiva is called Kratha,The Hunter and the only temple of Shiva as Kratha,The Hunter is in Kerala,India.

This temple is for the son of Shiva.

After Lord Shiva granted the Pasupatha Astra to Arjuna, Lor Shiva and Parvathy had a son.

He is worshiped as Vettukorumakan in Kerala and some parts of Tamil Nadu.

Vettukorumakan, means son of Hunter.


When one finds these references around the world, the Shiva presence around the world is more than a coincidence.
And we have the Petroglyphs!
The Orion is a prominent Constellation located in the celestial equator and visible in the entire world. It is one of the most commonly visible and recognizable constellation.

The distinctive pattern of Orion has been recognized in numerous cultures around the world, and many myths have been associated with it. It has also been used as a symbol in the modern world.
At Narthamalai there is a Pictograph of a Hunter and other Pictographs of three different human figures as single group are drawn in white color. It is drawn on celling of the Shelter, which is underneath of a hill known as Aalurutimalai.
Narthamalai is located at 10.51 degree N and 78.76 degree E. The Orion is clearly visible in the night sky from December to June,and it will raise at different location from east to west an altitude of + or – 10 degree with refer to celestial equator.
The Orion Constellation



Figure -1

Figure -1 has to be compared with, “One of the most splendid of all constellations in sky is Orion, the Hunter (Kaalpurusha)*. Visible in the night sky all through the winter months, it is one of the easiest to identify. Its seven main stars, two of which are the first magnitude, make up the distinctive figure of a man the hunter wielding a club in his right hand and a shield in his left hand. He has a sword hanging from his belt.” (* BimanBasu, The joy of star watching; 1999, Published by National book trust, India. P. 36.)


The seven figures are found in a rock art drawn in black color in Kozhiyuthu, near Palani, Dindigul district, Tamil Nadu, India.
Figure -2 has to be compared with “One of the symbol of Jainism* is a standing human figure with both hands rested on the hip”.
(Thanks to : *The 18th Century A.D., Jaina diagram of Puruuskarayantra- Philip Rawson, The art of Tantra, 1973-1978, published by Oxford University Press, New york and Toronto, ps. 152-153)
Figures – 3 and 4
The figures-3 and 4 is appears to be representing the hunter. Figure -3 is the Mrigasirus or Lambda Orionis which marks the hunter’s head as an animal.
The word “Orion” is appears to be originated from a Tamil Word “Orai”. According to ancient time measurement – 2.5 naligai is equal to one Orai *. The Naligai and Oraiare the unit of time measurement of time “Kaal or Kalam”. (*Ramalingagurukal, JothitagrahaChindamani(Periyavarushathinool, 2000, published by B.RathinaNayakar and sons, Chennai.79, p. 5)
Time Measurements*
2 Kannimai = 1 Nodi (Kai Nodi)
2 Kai Nodi = 1 Maattirai


Mattirai = 1 Guru


Guru = 1 Uyir


Uyir = 1 sanigam


2 Sanigam = 1 Vinadi


0 Vinadi = 1 Naaligai


.5 Naaligai = 1 Orai (Hour)


.75 Naligai = 1 Muhuurtham


Muhuurtham = 1 Caamam


Caamam = 1 Poludu


Poludu = 1 Naal (day)


5 Naal = 1 Pakkam


Pakkam = 1 Maadam (month)


Maadam = 1 Ayanam


Ayanam = 1 Aandu (year)


0 Aandu = 1 Vattam (Circle)


Tamil EluthiyalPairchi” – Dr.K.Balasubramanian, Published by Sarasvathi Mahal Library, Tanjavur. P. 19.

For more,Measurements Hinduism Tamil in this site

omments of Gary A David
“I am the Author of “The Orion Zone” and four more books on Archaeo-Astronomy, concentrating on the southwestern area of the United States. I have also have been featured on international radio interviews and on U.S. television programs.
Since 1997, I have studied Orion and various man-made structures and Rock Art that represent this Constellation. All over the globe, Orion- pattern in the sky is frequently reproduced by certain megalithic constructions on the ground. (Mega- means “large” and lithic means “stone.”) In essence, the earth structures mirror the pattern in the sky.
In addition, the rising and setting of Orion- stars are sometimes lined up with certain astronomical markers. Various cultural sites in Peru, Mesoamerica, North America, Great Britain, Ireland, Europe, Africa, and Egypt, along with other locations across the world, concentrate on this particular constellation with an archetypal intensity.
Now we have a solid proof of the “Orion archetype” found in the pictographs (rock paintings) of Narthamalai, Tamil Nadu, dated to 1500 BC or earlier. Painted in white, a human figure is seen with the typical upraised right arm as well as the left arm holding either a shield or club or spear. Associated with this figure is a representation of two triangles with their apexes touching.
This type of figure is also found in Rock Art of the Americas and Africa. In North America it signifies warfare between Native American tribes. For the Igbo tribe of Nigeria it signifies the Great Mother Goddess called Mbari. In India this double-triangle may represent the Female- Male complex. It may also represent the ‘hurglass drum’or ‘dumroo’,a two-headedsacred drum of Lord Shiva.

Source for Block Quote.

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Akasa,Cloud Application of The Universe.

Indian philosophy describes the Evolution of the Universe in Vedas.
Vedas are the basic scriptures of Hinduism.
The texts of the Vedas lend themselves to three meanings at least.
Interpretation depends on one’s understanding of Sanskrit.
First is the literal translation.
The next is a scientific explanation or Truth.
The Third is the Philosophical explanation.
It is the core thought of Hinduism that,
The Reality is A Principle,
It is beyond Attributes,
It evolves into the world of Names and Forms,
The physical world is illusory and Real,both at the same time,
One can Realize It,called Brahman, by efforts.
While describing how the world comes into being, Hinduism explains thus.
First there was Reality,
It ,because of Nescience,Maya,got diversified,
It had Ahankaara,the feeling of ‘I’
Out of this came Mahat,the fundamental principle of the physical world.
This Mahat is constituted of three dispositions.
They are,
Sattva,serene,detached,learned and wise,
Rajas,the active, emotional,involved, and
Tamas,the full,inert,inert,ignorant.
One is a mixture of these Dispositions.
Because of these, arose the five underlying principles of Perception,namely,seeing,hearing, speaking,Smelling and the sense of touch.

From this came the Five organs of Knowledge.

The knowledge of Seeing,touching etc

Then evolved the Five organs of actions,

That is the Act of Seeing, Touching etc.

This is different from the knowledge of Seeing.

This description is for the individual.

For the Universal level.

From Akasa,Vayu,Air,

Vayu to Agni, Fire

Agni to Water,Aapa,

Water to Earth,Prithvi,

Earth to Plants,herbs,Aushada.

‘Aakasaath Vayu,

Vayoor Agni,

Agne Aapaha,

Athyap Prithvi,

Prithvyaa Ooshadayaha’

Dwitheeteeya Prasna,Sikshavalli,Taittriya Upanishad.

The term Akasa is translated as Ether,Space.

Both fall short of conveying the full import of the term ‘Akasa’

Akasa is subtle and is the core of Vayu,air and Air springs forth from it.

Akasa is the repository of Sound,Vibration.

In Indian philosophy,sound is the fundamental principle.

All elements Spring from it.

The formation of speech has three levels.

Concept level,

Formation from Concept into Language,

Communicating through Language.

The First is Gayatri,

The next is Savitri,when thoughts lie dormant awaiting to be transformed into Language and

Communication,through Language, Saraswathi.

We grab sounds from the Universe and express in a unique way shaped by our Dispositions,Guna.

At the Macro level all elements lie dormant and can be traced back to Akasa.

Everything, including the Human body and the Universe.

They draw out from Akasa as we download from Cloud through Apps.

Akasa is the Cloud Storage of the Universe.

Some salient features of Akasa.

It is Void.

It is devoid of Directions.

This is illustrated in the Natarja Temple,Chidambaram,Tamil Nadu.

This is expressed in the sanctum of Chidambaram Nataraja

While on this, I came across an article that states that Akasa principle is Sumerian!

Yet another proof that Hinduism influenced Sumerian civilization.

Perhaps the person we need to turn to when speaking about the Akasha or ether is a man whose importance has not been truly appreciated: Nikola Tesla—a genius polymath, inventorand a mechanical and electrical engineer.
In an interview dubbed Man’s Greatest Achievement, Nikola Tesla said: “All perceptible matter comes from a primary substance, or tenuity beyond conception, filling all space, the Akasha or luminiferous ether, which is acted upon by the life-giving Prana or creative force, calling into existence, in never-ending cycles all things and phenomena.”However, even before Nikola Tesla, philosophers and ancient scholars wondered whether the so-called ether existed.If we take a look at the ‘Indian Travels of Apollonius of Tyana,’ we will find further mention of the so-called ether.If we take a look at ancient Hinduism, Akash is the fifth of the ‘five great elements’:prthivi (earth)apa (water)agni (fire)vaiu (air)akashá (ether)

“And they allowed Apollonius to ask questions; and he asked them of what they thought the cosmos was composed”;but they replied; “Of elements.”…Are there then four?” he asked. “Not four,” said Larchas, “but five.”“And how can there be a fifth,” said Apollonius, “alongside water and air and earth and fire?”“There is the ether,” replied the other, “which we must regard as the stuff of which gods are made; for just as all mortal creatures inhale the wire, so do immortal and divine natures inhale the ether.”“Am I,” said Apollonius, “to regard the universe as a living creature?” “Yes,” answered the other.So what are the Akashic Records?Alice A. Bailey wrote in her book Light of the Soul on The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali – Book 3 – Union achieved and its Results (1927):The akashic record is like an immense photographic film, registering all the desires and earth experiences of our planet. Those who perceive it will see pictured thereon: The life experiences of every human being since time began, the reactions to experience of the entire animal kingdom, the aggregation of the thought-forms of a karmic nature (based on desire) of every human unit throughout time. Herein lies the great deception of the records. Only a trained occultist can distinguish between actual experience and those astral pictures created by imagination and keen desire.The meaning of Akashic records can be summed up as the ‘data’ that in theory exists in a single place, in a non-physical way, outside of time and space.In these, records we can discover the absolute knowledge and experience of our soul; almost as if it were part of a supercomputer of cosmic information where our past lives, the present and future possibilities (forming part of the theory of reincarnation), as well as the sense of our existence, reside.

Reference and citation.


Naivedya Prarthana Pradakshina Ahuthi in Pre Islamic Arabia

I have written on the religious practices in Kaaba are similar to what is practiced in sanatana dharma, Hinduism.

Vedic practices in Islam ,Kaaba

Pre Islamic society borrowed the conceptsl of Hinduism either directly or through the Hitties/Sumeria.

Prophet had destroyed 360 Idols in Kaaba.

There were four Major Deities.



Al-Uzza and


(Will be writing on these Deities)

Ghazni invaded and destroyed Somnath temple, believing that a an idol of Manat was spirited away to Somnath temple,India.

I am quoting from Islamic source.

My comments are in Itlalics..

Some features of their worship of idols were:
Self-devotion to the idols, seeking refuge with them, acclamation of their names, calling for their help in hardship, and supplication to them for fulfillment of wishes, hopefully that the idols (i.e., heathen gods) would mediate with Allâh for the fulfillment of people’s wishes.

Performing pilgrimage to the idols, circumrotation round them, self-abasement and even prostrating themselves before them.

This is Theertha yatra,pradakshina and prarthana of Hinduism.

Seeking favour of idols through various kinds of sacrifices and immolation.


Consecration of certain portions of food, drink, cattle, and crops to idols. Surprisingly enough, portions were also consecrated to Allâh Himself, but people often found reasons to transfer parts of Allâh’s portion to idols, but never did the opposite. To this effect, the Qur’ânic verses go:

This is Naivedya and offering Aahuthi.

“And they assign to Allâh a share of the tilth and cattle which He has created, and they say: ‘This is for Allâh according to their pretending, and this is for our (Allâh’s so-called) partners.’ But the share of their (Allâh’s so-called) ‘partners’, reaches not Allâh, while the share of Allâh reaches their (Allâh’s so-called) ‘partners’. Evil is the way they judge.” [6:136]

Carrying favours with these idols through votive offerings of crops and cattle, to which effect, the Qur’ân goes:

Hinduism offers cattle to deities even today.

Dedication of certain animals (such as Bahira, Sa’iba, Wasila and Hami) to idols, which meant sparing such animals from useful work for the sake of these heathen gods. Bahira, as reported by the well-known historian, Ibn Ish, was daughter of Sa’iba which was a female camel that gave birth to ten successive female animals, but no male ones, was set free and forbidden to yoke, burden or being sheared off its wool, or milked (but for guests to drink from); and so was done to all her female offspring which were given the name ‘Bahira’, after having their ears slit. The Wasila was a female sheep which had ten successive female daughters in five pregnancies. Any new births from this Wasila were assigned only for male people. The Hami was a male camel which produced ten progressive females, and was thus similarly forbidden.


The Arabs believed that such idols, or heathen gods, would bring them nearer to Allâh, lead them to Him, and mediate with Him for their sake, to which effect, the Qur’ân goes:

“We worship them only that they may bring us near to Allâh.” [39:3], and

“And they worship besides Allâh things that hurt them not, nor profit them, and they say: These are our intercessors with Allâh.” [10:18]

in whatever Form you worship, all come to me
-Bhagavad Gita.
Akasaath pathitham ……sloka states,
Just as water,whatever be its form,rivers,rivulets,rain…reaches the Ocean finally,whatever Gods/Forms you worship ,all of them reach Me…Krishna.
This is recited thrice everyday by Brahmins while performing Sandhya vandana.

Another divinatory tradition among the Arabs was casting of Azlam (i.e. featherless arrows which were of three kinds: one showing ‘yes’, another ‘no’ and a third was blank) which they used to do in case of serious matters like travel, marriage and the like. If the lot showed ‘yes’, they would do, if ‘no’, they would delay for the next year. Other kinds of Azlam were cast for water, blood-money or showed ‘from you’, ‘not from you’, or ‘Mulsaq’ (consociated). In cases of doubt in filiation they would resort to the idol of Hubal, with a hundred-camel gift, for the arrow caster. Only the arrows would then decide the sort of relationship.If the arrow showed (from you), then it was decided that the child belonged to the tribe; if it showed (from others), he would then be regarded as an ally, but if (consociated) appeared, the person would retain his position but with no lineage or alliance contract.

This was very much like gambling and arrow-shafting whereby they used to divide the meat of the camels they slaughtered according to this tradition.

Moreover, they used to have a deep conviction in the tidings of soothsayers, diviners and astrologers. A soothsayer used to traffic in the business of foretelling future events and claim knowledge of private secrets and having jinn subordinates who would communicate the news to him. Some soothsayers claimed that they could uncover the unknown by means of a granted power, while other diviners boasted they could divulge the secrets through a cause-and-effect-inductive process that would lead to detecting a stolen commodity, location of a theft, a stray animal, and the like. The astrologer belonged to a third category who used to observe the stars and calculate their movements and orbits whereby he would foretell the future. Lending credence to this news constituted a clue to their conviction that attached special significance to the movements of particular stars with regard to rainfall.

The belief in signs as betokening future events, was, of course common among the Arabians. Some days and months and particular animals were regarded as ominous. They also believed that the soul of a murdered person would fly in the wilderness and would never rest at rest until revenge was taken. Superstition was rampant. Should a deer or bird, when released, turn right then what they embarked on would be regarded auspicious, otherwise they would get pessimistic and withhold from pursuing it.

This is Prasna,Naimithika and Arul vaaku

People of pre-Islamic period, whilst believing in superstition, they still retained some of the Abrahamic traditions such as devotion to the Holy Sanctuary, circumambulation, observance of pilgrimage, the vigil on ‘Arafah and offering sacrifices, all of these were observed fully despite some innovations that adulterated these holy rituals. Quraish, for example, out of arrogance, feeling of superiority to other tribes and pride in their custodianship of the Sacred House, would refrain from going to ‘Arafah with the crowd, instead they would stop short at Muzdalifah. The Noble Qur’ân rebuked and told them:

“Then depart from the place whence all the people depart.” [2:199]

Another heresy, deeply established in their social tradition, dictated that they would not eat dried yoghurt or cooked fat, nor would they enter a tent made of camel hair or seek shade unless in a house of adobe bricks, so long as they were committed to the intention of pilgrimage. They also, out of a deeply-rooted misconception, denied pilgrims, other than Makkans, access to the food they had brought when they wanted to make pilgrimage or lesser pilgrimage.

They ordered pilgrims coming from outside Makkah to circumambulate Al-Ka‘bah in Quraish uniform clothes, but if they could not afford them, men were to do so in a state of nudity, and women with only some piece of cloth to hide their groins’

This portion reminds me of Tantra ,Kaaplika worship of Shiva, Shakti.

Reference and citation.

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Brahmins’Eat From Produce from Unowned Property’ Brahmin Lifestyle Mahabharata

The definition of a Brahmin , a community of India which is ordained by the scriptures to realize the Self,spend entire lifetime learning the Vedas, teaching people of suitable disposition,perform Fire Rites,do the same for others,nevert others and never save for the morrow,is one ‘who realized the Self’

“Adhyaapanam Adhyayanam

Yajanam Yaajanam Tathaa

Daanam Pratigraham Chaiva


Adyayanam-Pracctice of reciting the Vedas, with meaning.


I have written on,

Who a Brahmin is and his duties,

History of Brahmins,

Their migration throughout the world,

Their Lineages.

The important question of what he should eat specifically and whether he should learn only the spritual aspects of the Vedas(Vedangas,a part or limb of the Vedas contain mundane subjects including the Art of Warfare), I have not been able to find.

Excepting the facts that,

He should eat food begotten by Alms,

He must refrain from Non Vegetarian food,

Should not drink,

Not covet other’s property,Aparigraha,

Pray for the welfare of the people,

Must not demand money for services save for what is offered to him.

Yet we find that Brahmins were eating Non vegetarian food,some do even now,

Were drinking till the time when Rishi Aurava/Sukracharya) forbade it ,

Demand Dakshina,Fees for services rendered.

I am now able to find authority on what a Brahmin should eat and what his Life style should be from Mahabharata Yaksha Prasna,where Yudhistra replies to a Yaksha.

A Brahmin should eat on the fifth quarter of the day,

Never rich food,

Live near the banks of Rivers,

Eat vegetables,fruits and Roots grown in a property which is not owned by anyone.

He should know all subjects but practice only spirituality.

The Brahmin has to wake up at four in the morning and bathe in cold water, rain or shine, warm or cold. Then, without a break, he has to perform one rite after another: sandhyavandana, Brahmayajna, aupasana, puja, vaisvadeva and one of the 21 sacrifices. If you sit before sacrificial fire for four days you will realise how difficult it is with all the heat and smoke. How many are the vows and the fasts the Brahmin has to keep and how many are the ritual baths….

…. Other castes do not have to go through such hardships. A Brahmin cannot eat “cold rice”in the morning like a peasant – he has no “right” to it. The dharmasastras are not created for his convenience or benefit, nor to ensure that he has a comfortable life. He would not have otherwise imposed on himself the performance of so many rites and a life of such rigorous discipline. When he has his daytime meal it will be 1 or 2. (On the day of a sraddha it will be three or four). This is the time the peasant will have his rest after his meal under a tree out in the field where he works. And the Brahmin’s meal, mind you, is as simple as the peasant’s. There is no difference between the humble dwelling of the peasant and that of the Brahmin. Both alike wear cotton. The peasant may save money for the future but not the Brahmin. He has no right either to borrow money or to live in style. …

In the “Yaksa-prasna” of the Mahabharata the simple life of Brahmin is referred to:

pancame’ hani saste va sakam pacati svegrhe
Anrni ca’ pravasi ca sa varicara modate

If daytime is divided into eight parts, the Brahmin may have his food only in the fifth or sixth part after performing all his rites. Before that he has neither any breakfast nor any snacks. And what does he eat? Not any rich food, no sweets like almonds crushed in sweetened milk. “Sakam pacati” – the Brahmin eats leafy vegetables growing on the banks of rivers, such areas being no one’s property. Why is he asked to live by the river side? It is for his frequent baths and for the leafy vegetables growing free there and for which he does not have to beg. He should not borrow money: that is the meaning of the word “anrni”, because if he developed the habit of borrowing he would be tempted to lead a life of luxury. Poverty and non-acquisitiveness (aparigraha) are his ideals. A Brahmin ought not to keep even a blade of grass in excess of his needs. …

The Brahmin must be conversant with the fourteen branches of the Vedic lore. He must be proficient even in Gandharva-veda or music and must be acquainted with agricultural science, construction of houses, etc. At the same time he must give instructions in these subjects to pupils from the appropriate castes. His own vocation is the study of the Vedas and he must have no other source of income. …

If the Brahmin is asked, “Do you know to wield a knife? ” he must be able to answer, “Yes, I know”. If he is asked, “Do you know to draw and paint” again he must (be able to) say, “Yes”. But he cannot wield a knife or become an artist to earn his livelihood. All he can do is to learn these arts and teach others the same according to their caste. He is permitted to receive a daksina to maintain himself and he must be contented with it however small the sum may be. The Brahmin’s specialty is his true vocation is Vedic learning.

… The goal of Vedic works is the happiness of all mankind, indeed the happiness of all the worlds (“Lokah samastah sukino bhavanthu”). The sound of the Vedas creates universal well-being, so too Vedic sacrifices. … Brahmins would be committing a sin if they gave up Vedic rituals and earned money by doing other types of work.

Kanchi Paramacharya quoting Yaksha Prasna

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Abraham Descendant Of Indian Kashmiri Brahmins Kaul

There are a lot of similarities between Judaism,Jews and Hinduism and Brahmins.

The Brahmins of India are a Priestly Class,advisors to Kings and the Devout Jews are King among Priests.

The Nondualistic Concept,Advaitha is found in the Vedas.

Swasthika,a Hindu Symbol of Auspiciousness is found in Judaism.
The so-called Jewish Star which is the emblem of the Jews is a Tantric, Vedic symbol. It consists of two, interlocked triangles with the apex of one facing North and the other South. This symbol is drawn in front of every
orthodox Hindu home in stone-powder design every morning after the house is washed. The desing/drawing is known as Rangawali alias Rongoli. Even its name David is the Sanskrit word Devi, i.e., ” bestowed by the Mother
Goddess.” The so-called Humayun tomb building in Delhi, which was a Goddess temple, is inlaid with those emblems on the exterior, upper portions of its walls.

Manu is Noah Yayati Yahuda
1000 years before the Hebrews arrived in Israel, the Cannanites erected a temple to worship the god on the hill now known as the Hill of the Nativity in the town of Beit Lachama. Beit Lachama was fertile and had a good water supply. When the Jews came in they would naturally not worship the Canan god Lachma and the distortion of interpretations began.

Lakshmi Pre Jewish Canaanite God

‘One of the major triumphs of modern archaeology was the hair-raising discoveries of Sir Leonard Woolley at Ur. Amidst the ruins of Ur, he unearthed a Ram-chapel but totally missed its relevance in world history. This crucial finding not only bridges the wide gaps between Indian tradition and archaeology but also unfolds the historic bonds that once united ancient India, Iran and Sumer. Ram-Sin of (Larsa) to whose memory this chapel was dedicated must have been Rama of Valmiki. The name Ararama of Larsa may be an echo of Rama. This Ram-Chapel of Ur is the earliest known memorial to the great Rama and may have been erected by Dilmun merchants who resided nearby. Dilmun was always mentioned in the Sumerian texts together with Magan and Melukkha and it is possible that these three states were somehow allied to each other.’

Rama’s Chapel Iraq

There is information that Abraham,common to Judaism,Christianity and Islam seems to have descended from Kauls,A Brahmin sub group from Kashmir.

I have written on the origin of Bacterian Kingdom from Bharatavarsha.

People of what is now called Russia are from the Uttarakuru region of Bharatavarsha and they were from the Kuru Dynasty.

The Kauls hail from Kashmir and Kashmir is named after Sage Kasyapa, Saptharishi.

They were/are worshippers of Shiva and Devi(Shakti)

In his History of the Jews, the Jewish scholar and theologian Flavius Josephus (37 – 100 A.D.), wrote that the Greek philosopher Aristotle had said: “…These Jews are derived from the Indian philosophers; they are named by the Indians Calani.” (Book I:22.)

Clearchus of Soli wrote, “The Jews descend from the philosophers of India. The philosophers are called in India Calanians and in Syria Jews. The name of their capital is very difficult to pronounce. It is called ‘Jerusalem.'”

“Megasthenes, who was sent to India by Seleucus Nicator, about three hundred years before Christ, and whose accounts from new inquiries are every day acquiring additional credit, says that the Jews ‘were an Indian tribe or sect called Kalani…'” (Anacalypsis, by Godfrey Higgins, Vol. I; p. 400.)

Martin Haug, Ph.D., wrote in The Sacred Language, Writings, and Religions of the Parsis, “The Magi are said to have called their religion Kesh-î-Ibrahim.They traced their religious books to Abraham, who was believed to have brought them from heaven.” (p. 16.)


In his book Moisés y los Extraterrestres, Mexican author Tomás Doreste states,

Voltaire was of the opinion that Abraham descended from some of the numerous Brahman priests who left India to spread their teachings throughout the world; and in support of his thesis he presented the following elements: the similarity of names and the fact that the city of Ur, land of the patriarchs, was near the border of Persia, the road to India, where that Brahman had been born.

The name of Brahma was highly respected in India, and his influence spread throughout Persia as far as the lands bathed by the rivers Euphrates and Tigris. The Persians adopted Brahma and made him their own. Later they would say that the God arrived from Bactria, a mountainous region situated midway on the road to India. (pp. 46-47.)

Bactria (a region of ancient Afghanistan) was the locality of a prototypical Jewish nation called Juhuda or Jaguda, also called Ur-Jaguda. Ur meant “place or town.” Therefore, the bible was correct in stating that Abraham came from “Ur of the Chaldeans.” “Chaldean,” more correctly Kaul-Deva (Holy Kauls), was not the name of a specific ethnicity but the title of an ancient Hindu Brahmanical priestly caste who lived in what are now Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Indian state of Kashmir.

“The tribe of Ioud or the Brahmin Abraham, was expelled from or left the Maturea of the kingdom of Oude in India and, settling in Goshen, or the house of the Sun or Heliopolis in Egypt, gave it the name of the place which they had left in India, Maturea.” (Anacalypsis; Vol. I, p. 405.)

“He was of the religion or sect of Persia, and of Melchizedek.”(Vol. I, p. 364.)

“The Persians also claim Ibrahim, i.e. Abraham, for their founder, as well as the Jews. Thus we see that according to all ancient history the Persians, the Jews, and the Arabians are descendants of Abraham.(p.85) …We are told that Terah, the father of Abraham, originally came from an Eastern country called Ur, of the Chaldees or Culdees, to dwell in a district called Mesopotamia. Some time after he had dwelt there, Abraham, or Abram, or Brahma, and his wife Sara or Sarai, or Sara-iswati, left their father’s family and came into Canaan. The identity of Abraham and Sara with Brahma and Saraiswati was first pointed out by the Jesuit missionaries.”(Vol. I; p. 387.)

Reference and citation.


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Vishnus Foot Prints At Kaaba and United Kingdom

As one wades through ancient Indian History,one finds astounding information that makes one sit up and check what has been passed off as Indian history.

One finds that,

Alexander did not defeat Porus,

Rig Veda is the oldest literary work by Man,

Rama,Krishna and other persons mentioned in Indian Puranas are not fictitious characters,but Real persons who lived,

Indian history dates back to thousands of years,

All Major Religions have borrowed extensively from Hinduism,

Many of the sacred sites of these Religions were Hindu sites,

Sanatana Dharma, Hinduism was prevalent throughout the world,in all world cultures…….

That Kaaba is a Hindu temple,

Muslims worship Shiva Linga,

786 is Flipped OM,

Vedic practices are followed in Kaaba,

The temple complex in Kaaba is after Vedic construction,

I have written and also more on these subjects.

The concepts of Shiva,Vishnu,Subrahmanya,Devi….all are found in world Religions.

Now more on Kaaba.

An ancient Sanskrit couplet from Harihsreswara Mahatmiya mentions the Foot Prints of Lord Vishnu being sanctified in three places.

They are


Kaaba,Saudi Arabia and

Avebury/ United Kingdom

Lord Vishnu’s holy footprint consecrated at three main centres in the world, namely one in Gaya (in India), the other in Mecca, and the third near Shukla Teertha, i.e. Abiry.

Feet of Vishnu,Gaya,India.image

Vishnu’s feet,Gaya,India

Abiry circle UK.image

Abiry UK , Vishnu’s Feet sanctified

The Vishnu Statue in Britain

In the opening part of the introduction to the volume titled A Complete History of the Druids [1], it is stated, “It will be necessary to give an explanation of the pillars, the Circle and Serpent.”

On page 9 of the same book it is observed, “This Serpent was the symbol of light and wisdom. Its name Seraph, particularly is so expressive.”

The term Seraph is a malpronunciation of the Sanskrit term Serp (i.e. Serpent), which indicates that the ancientmost language of the British Isles, as also of other parts of the world, was Sanskrit.

On page 15 of the same book, it is asserted, “It may rationally be concluded from the various opinions of the best historians that this island received its first inhabitants from the eastern parts of the world.”

Since people from the East (i.e. India) were the earliest inhabitants of Britain, they naturally erected a statue of Lord Vishnu, the progenitor of the world.

The name “Isle of Angelsey” in Britain derives from the Sanskrit name of Lord Vishnu as Angulesh, i.e. the Lord of the Angul country. The British Isles were designated Angulsthan, i.e. a finger-size, finger-length country. If the European continent is likened to a palm, then the British Isles appear to be an extended finger. Therefore Sanskrit-speaking explorers named it Angulsthan. It is that same term which later came to be pronounced as Angul and i.e. England.

The book on Druids mentioned above states on page 36 that “Many temples of the Druids are said to be yet in part remaining in this island (i.e. the Isle of Man) and that of Angelsey … many of them were made of extraordinary large stones as at Abiry and Stonehenge.”

Page 54 describes:

“Abiry [now known as Avebury] is founded on the more elevated part of a plain … the entire figure of it (the ruins) is a Seraph or winged serpent transmitted through a circle. … The outer part of the grand circle is a vast and lofty Vallum, with a very deep ditch on the inside of it near 80 ft or 45 cubits broad. Its diameter 750 cubits, its circumference 225 cubits, the enclosed area about 22 acres. Within the ditch was formed a circle of 100 enormous stones set upright, which were generally 15, 16 or 17 ft high, and near as much in breadth. … Out of these 100 stones, 44 were still visible when Dr. Stukeley was there in the year 1722, whereof 17 were standing and 27 thrown down or reclining. Ten of remaining had been demolished by Tom Robinson in the year 1700, the vestigia of the rest were still discernible. With this mighty colonnade of 100 such stones in perfection, there must have been a most agreeable walk between them and the ditch. It is scarcely possible for us to form a notion of the grand and beautiful appearance it must then have made.”

On pages 56 to 59 is added:)

“Most of the houses, walls and outhouses of this town are built with the materials of these stones that have been fired and broken. … Let us walk out now by the southern entrance of the town, passing the Vallum. This is Via Sacra … the summit of the Overtone Hills is the hak-pen (a compound oriental word signifying the Serpent’s head), which is 4000 cubits from the Vallum of Abiry. The people have a high notion of it and still call it the Sanctuary… which when in perfection was without question the most glorious temple of the kind which the world has ever heard of. That it was really a temple sacred to the ever-blessed and undivided Trinity, every circumstance, every consideration tends to persuade us… The name itself of Abiry (ABIRY, Potentates), signifying in the language of its founders “The Mighty Ones”.

The temple was a gigantic and glorious sanctuary of world fame, and the Vedic trinity of the three Mighty Ones, via Brahma the creator, Vishnu the sustainer and Shiva the destroyer were all there in the form of gigantic statues. The Druids supervised the temple. The above description makes it clear that the Isle of Angelsey was famous in the ancient world for its majestic and massive temple depicting the Vedic Trinity in gigantic stone-statuary as the divine governors of the world.


This information, when coupled with the information from Muslim sources that there were 360 idols in the temple, indicates that Lord Vishnu was surrounded by an entourage of other deities, of which Lord Shiva was one. But the Muslims being iconoclasts, they destroyed the idols of other deities, while Shiva’s emblem, a round, cylindrical, dark, black-red stone, they retained as a central, featureless object of reverence...

Kaaba Ground floor plan.image

Kaaba,Ground floor plan


the ground-plan of the hoary Kaba (Vishnu) temple constructed on the esoteric, Tantric, octagonal Vedic pattern in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

The eight corners occupied the images of the sentinel Vedic deities Indra, Varun, Yama, Agni, Vayu, Juber, Ishan and Nirut.

The central square represents the present truncated Kaba, the central sanctum housing the image of the Reclining Vishnu “in labour”. Therefore this shrine is remembered even in convert, Islamic tradition as the Navel of the World.

Its other name “Haram” is the Sanskrit term “Hariyam”, i.e. the shrine of Lord Vishnu alias Hari.

Note the rectangular dent near the upper left corner of the central square. That marks the spot where the cylindrical Shivling stone is vertically partially embedded on the exterior of the southeast corner of the Kaba wall. Therefore perambulation of the Shivling involves circling the entire Kaba building. Even after conversion, Muslims feel compelled to observe the seven-fold ancient Vedic perambulation. The Kaba sanctum itself is always kept secretively shut to hide its Vedic interior.

The seven-stories-high Kaba building is covered perpetually by a ghilaf, i.e. a black burqa, hiding its Vedic saffron-colour stone surface, lotus designs and what are believed to be Sanskrit inscriptions on the inner side of the sanctum walls. International pressure on the Saudi government should continue to be exerted by all countries until the Kaba is thrown open to all people as in pre-Muslim times.

Reference and citation.

Vishnu in Kaaba


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Description of Idol Worshipped in Kaaba Travels In Arabia 1829 Latest Video

Islamic texts are cagey about the description of the Idol worshipped in in Kaaba.

There were 360 Idols before The Prophet in Mecca.

They were worshipped by the Arabs.

These were destroyed on the orders of the Prophet.

I have written on Pre Islamic Arabia.

The Worship of Many God’s, Polytheism was practiced.

The Religious concepts were from Sumeria,Sassanian empire,Iran and from Greece.

All these were derived from Santana Dharma.

I have written on the influence of Santana Dharma on all these civilisations from whom the Pre Islamic Deities were derived.

Please check under Hinduism category in this site in the drop down Menu.

Or Google the search term,for example Sumeria Hinduism +ramanan 50.

I reproduce the description of The Idol at Kaaba from a Travelogue of 1829.

‘It is an irregular oval, about seven inches in diameter, with an undulated surface composed of about a dozen smaller stones of different sizes and shapes, well joined together with a small quantity of cement and perfectly well smooth; it looks as if the whole had been broken into as many pieces by a violent blow and then united again.”

Below is the Video of the Idol worshipped in Kaaba.


described in Western literature in the 19th century, Swiss traveler Johann Ludwig Burckhardt visited Mecca in 1814 and provided a detailed description of the Black Stone in his 1829 book Travels in Arabia:

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Allah Names.image

Ninety Nine Names Of Allah With Palasruthi and Parihara

Curious similarities between Hinduism and Islam may be noticed and it appears that Islam has borrowed concepts from Pre Islamic Arabian culture and civilization.

This in turn has its roots in Sumerian Civilization.

Sumerian civilization is from Vedic and Tamil culture.

Please read my articles on this.

Kaaba is A Shiva Temple,

786 is Flipped OM,

Prophet’s Uncle composed a Poem on Shiva,

Prophet’s Grandfather dug a well as Ganges,

The Triad of Goddesses of Pre Islamic Arabia,Al-Uzza,Al-Lat and Menat, reminds one of the Three Devis of Hinduism, Saraswathi, Lakshmi and Durga

Kaaba opens at Pradosha time of Shiva,

Emperor Vikramadhitya’s inscription is found in Kaaba,

Muslims circumbulate at Kaaba as Hindus do,but in the anti clock wise direction and for seven times .

I have written on the above points with credible sources,most of them Islamic.

Now one more similarity.

Hindu Gods are worshiped with Hundred names,Asthtotra; Sahasranama,One thousand names;Trisathi,three hundred names.

These contain the Attributes of God most of them as Principles or qualities of the Reality,Brahman.

And these also consist of the Attributes of the Reality with Attributes,Saguna Aaradhana,Reality as Personal God.

Allah of Islam considers as The Only God,without Form.

Islam also has names/Attributes of Allah.

These are taken from the Koran and the commentaries on The Koran,Hadiths.

These names are Ninety Nine.

One may note that the Nirguna or the Attribute less/beyond Attributes is assigned to Allah.

Hindus may notice both Nirguna and Saguna names in all Sahasranamas.

In most of them these are mixed.

One can find these Nirguna and Saguna Aradhana, described separately in Lalitha Sahasranama.

Reference and citation.


Ninety Nine Names of Allah.

Al-Asma-ul-Husna ( اَلاسْمَاءُ الْحُسناى ) The 99 Most Beautiful Names and Attributes of Allah the Almighty
He is Allah, the Creator, the Inventor, the Fashioner; to Him belong the best names. Whatever is in the heavens and earth is exalting Him. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise. Surat Al-Hashr 59:24
And to Allah belong the best names, so invoke Him by them Surat Al-A’raf 7:180
Allah – there is no deity except Him. To Him belong the best names. Surat Taha 20:8
Narrated Abu Huraira: Prophet Muhammad SAW said, “Allah has ninety-nine names, i.e. one-hundred minus one, and whoever knows them will go to Paradise.” Sahih Al-Bukhari – Book 50 Hadith 894
Abu Huraira reported Prophet Muhammad SAW as saying: Verily, there are ninety-nine names for Allah, i.e. hundred excepting one. He who enumerates them would get into Paradise. And Hammam has made this addition on the authority of Abu Huraira who reported it from Prophet Muhammad SAW that he said: “He is Odd (one) and loves odd number.” Sahih Muslim – Book 35 Hadith 6476
It is not possible to perfectly translate the names and attributes of Allah from their original Arabic into English. However, here are some fairly close definitions.
Al-A’raj related from Abu Hurayra (raziAllahuanhu) that the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahualaywasallam) said “Allah has ninety-nine names, one hundred less one. Whoever memorises them will enter the Garden.” [Chapter 100, 6957 Bukhari]
Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Allah has ninety nine names and whoever preserves them will enter Paradise.” Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2677
Benefits of Reciting The Most Beautiful Names of Allah
1. Allah (The Name of Allah)
If you recite this name of Allah 1000 times daily, Allah will remove all doubts and uncertainities from your heart and instill determination and faith.
2. Ar-Rahmaan (The Compassionate)
If you recite this name of Allah 100 times daily after every Salaah (prayer), Allah will remove hard-heartedness and negligence from your heart. Insha-Allah.
3. Ar-Raheem (The Most Merciful)
If you recite this name of Allah 100 times daily after every Salaah (prayer), Allah will safeguard you against all calamities and maladies. Insha-Allah.
4. Al-Malik (The Sovereign)
If you recite this name of Allah abundantly every day after Zawaal (the time of mid-day immediately before Duhr prayer), Allah will give you abundant wealth. Insha-Allah.
5. Al-Quddoos (The Most Holy)
If you recite this name of Allah abundantly every day, Allah will cure you of all spiritual sickness. Insha-Allah.
6. As-Salaam (The Bestower of Peace)
If you recite this name of Allah abundantly, Allah will protect you from all calamities and maladies. If you recite it 115 times and blow on a sick person, Allah will restore his health. Insha-Allah.
7. Al-Mu’min (The Granter of Security)
If you recite this name of Allah 630 times in times of fear, Allah will protect you from all calamities, mishaps and losses. If you write it on paper (or engrave it on a silver ring) and keep it with you (as Ta’weez) , your physical and spiritual safety will remain the responsibility of Allah. Insha-Allah.
8. Al-Muhaymin (The Protector)
If you offer 2 rakaat Salaah after ghusl and read, with sincerity, this name of Allah 100 times, Allah will purify you physically and spiritually. If you recite it 115 times, Allah will acquaint you with the unseen. Insha-Allah.
9. Al-‘Azeez (The Mighty)
If you recite this name of Allah 40 times each day for 40 days, Allah will grant you honor and self-sufficiency. If you recite it 41 times daily with constancy, Allah will grant you honor and self-sufficiency, if you are being treated with dishonor. Insha-Allah.
10. Al-Jabbaar (The Compeller)
If you recite this name of Allah 226 times every morning and evening, Allah will safeguard you against the oppression of tyrants and despots. Insha-Allah.
11. Al-Mutakabbir (The Majestic)
If you recite this name of Allah constantly, Allah will grant you honor and greatness. If you read it continually before any task, it will be accomplished. Insha-Allah.
12. Al-Khaaliq (The Creator)
If you recite this name of Allah 100 times for 7 days, Allah will safeguard you against all adversities. If you form the habit of reciting it regularly, Allah will appoint an angel who will worship Allah continuously on your behalf. Insha-Allah.
13. Al-Baari’ (The Maker)
If a barren woman fasts for 7 days and each day, after making iftaar with water, reads (Yaa-Baari-Ul Musawwiru) 21 times, Allah will grant her male children. Insha-Allah.
14. Al-Musawwir (The Fashioner of Forms)

If a barren woman fasts for 7 days and each day, after making iftaar with water, reads (Yaa-Baari-Ul Musawwiru) 21 times, Allah will grant her male children. Insha-Allah.

15. Al-Ghaffaar (The Forgiver)
If you recite this name of Allah 100 times after Jumma Salaah (prayer), you will soon begin to perceive Allah’s forgiveness. If you say (Yaa-Ghaffaaru Ighfirli) daily after Asr Salaah (prayer), Allah will include you amongst those whom he has forgiven. Insha-Allah.
16. Al-Qahhaar (The Subduer)
If you recite this name of Allah continually, Allah will free you from the love of this world and, instead, Allah’s love will become inborn in your heart. Insha-Allah.
17. Al-Wahhaab (The Bestower)
If a poverty stricken person recites this name of Allah continuously or writes it and keeps it on him (as Taaweez) or recites this name of Allah 40 times in the last sajdah of Salaat-ud-Doha (Chast prayer), Allah will free him from poverty in an unexpected and amazing manner. Insha-Allah.
For particular need to be fulfilled, observe sajdah 3 times in the courtyard of the house or Masjid ( Masjid) and then lift your hands (as in Du’a) and recite this name of Allah 100 times, Allah will fulfill your need. Insha-Allah.
18. Ar-Razzaaq (The Provider)
Before Fajr Salaah (prayer), if you blow in all four corners of your house beginning from the right-hand corner while facing Qiblah, after reciting this name of Allah 10 times in each corner, Allah will open the doors of rizq (sustenance) for you; sickness and poverty will never enter your home. Insha-Allah.
19. Al-Fattaah (The Opener)
If you recite this name of Allah 70 times by placing both your hands on your bosom after Fajr Salaah (prayer), Allah will illumunate your heart with the Noor of Imaan. Insha-Allah.
20. Al-‘Aleem (The All-Knowing)
If you recite this name of Allah abundantly, Allah will open the gates of knowledge and wisdom for you. Moreover, your heart will be filled with the Ma’rifah (cognizance) of Allah. Insha-Allah.
21. Al-Qaabid (The Withholder)

If you

write this name of Allah (with saffron or by the mere action of your finger) on four morsels of bread each day for 4 days and eat them, Allah will safeguard you against hunger, thirst, injuries, pain etc. Insha-Allah.
22. Al-Baasit (The Expander)
If you recite this name of Allah 10 times daily by lifting your hands towards the heavens (as in Du’a) after Salaat-ud-Doha (Chast prayer) and thereafter pass your hands across the face (as when finsihing Du’a), Allah will grant you self-sufficiency and independence. Insha-Allah.
23. Al-Khaafid (The Abaser)
If you recite this name of Allah 500 times, Allah will fulfill your needs and remove all your difficulties. If you fast for 3 days and on the fourth day say this beautiful name 70 times while sitting in seclusion, you will gain victory over your enemy. Insha-Allah.
24. Ar-Raafi’ (The Exalter)
If you recite this name of Allah 100 times in the middle of the fourteenth night of every lunar month, Allah will grant you self-sufficiency and independence of the entire creation. Insha-Allah.
25. Al-Mu’iz (The Bestower of Honor)
If you recite this name of Allah 40 times after Maghrib Salaah (prayer) on every Monday and Friday, Allah will grant you honor and reverence. Insha-Allah.
26. Al-Mudhil (The Humiliator)
If you make Du’a for protection after reciting this name of Allah 75 times, Allah will protect you from the evils of envious persons, oppressors and enemies. Insha-Allah.
If you fear a particular enemy then, after reciting this name of Allah 75 times, you may observe sajdah and invoke Allah’s help against the enemy in the following manner: “O Allah! Protect me from the evils of so and so.”, Allah will grant you protection. Insha-Allah.
27. As-Sami’ (The All-Hearing)
If you recite this name of Allah 500 times or 50 times on Thurday after offering Salaat-ud-Doha (Chast prayer), Allah will surely grant your Du’as. Insha-Allah. It is necessary that no talking be done during the course of reciting it.
If you recite this name of Allah 100 times on a Thursday between the Sunnah and Fardh of Fajr Salaah (prayer), Allah will favour you with with His special blessings. Insha-Allah.
28. Al-Baseer (The All-Seeing)
If you recite this name of Allah 100 times after the Jumma Salaah (prayer) constantly, Allah will grant strength to your eye-sight and Noor (light) to your heart. Insha-Allah.
29. Al-Hakam (The Judge)
If you recite this name of Allah 99 times while in the state of Wudhu during the last portion of the night, Allah will cause your heart to perceive all secrets and to be filled with Noor (light). If you recite this name on a Friday night in such a manner that you grow euphoric and ecstatic then Allah will cherish your heart with manifestations and inspirations. Insha-Allah.
30. Al-‘Adl (The Just)
If you write this name of Allah (with saffron or by the mere action of your finger) on 20 pieces of bread on the day or night of Jumma and consume it, Allah will cause the entire creation to become subservient to you. Insha-Allah.
31. Al-Lateef (The Most Affectionate, The Knower of Subtleties)
If you recite this name of Allah 133 times daily, Allah will grant abundance in your rizq (sustenance) and cause all your tasks to be accomplished without difficulties. If you are afflicted with poverty, misery, sickness, loneliness or any adversity, then you should make Wudhu in the proper manner and offer 2 rakaat Salaah (prayer) and then bearing in mind the objective, recite this name of Allah 100 times. Allah will surely grant you deliverance. Insha-Allah.
32. Al-Khabeer (The All-Aware)
If you recite this name of Allah continually for seven days, you will begin to perceive hidden secrets. If you have insatiable desire for pleasure, recite this name of Allah continually. Allah will free you from such base desires. Insha-Allah
33. Al-Haleem (The Forbearing)
If you write this name of Allah on paper, soak it in water and then sprinkle or rub the water on something, then Barakah (Allah’s blessing) will be imparted to it and Allah will safeguard it against all calamities. Insha-Allah
34. Al-‘Azeem (The Magnificient)
If you recite this name of Allah constantly, you will be graced with great honor and dignity. Insha-Allah.
35. Al-Ghafoor (The Forgiving)
If you recite this name of Allah frequently, all your maladies, sorrow and grief will be removed. Barakah (Allah’s blessing) will be imparted to your wealth and offsprings.
As related in a hadith, if you recite (Yaa-Rabbigh- firli) 3 times while in sajdah, Allah will forgive all your past sins and any sins that you may commit in future. Insha-Allah.
36. Ash-Shakoor (The Grateful)
If you recite this name of Allah 41 times while facing any difficulties (financial, physical, spritual, mental etc), Allah will grant deliverance soon. Insha-Allah.
37. Al-‘Aliyy (The Highest)
If you recite this name of Allah daily and constantly and keep with you a written copy of it, Allah will exalt you, grant affluence and fulfill all your desires. Insha-Allah.
38. Al-Kabeer (The Greatest)
If you have been dismissed from a post, then fast for seven days and each day recite this name of Allah 1000 times, Allah will reinstate you to your post and grace you with honor and dignity. Insha-Allah.
39. Al-Hafeez (The Preserver)
If you recite this name of Allah daily and constantly, and keep with you a written copy of it, Allah will protect you from all hazards, losses and harmful things. Insha-Allah.
40. Al-Muqeet (The Sustainer)
If you recite this name of Allah 7 times and blow in a bowl of water and drink it yourself or allow someone else to drink from it or to take a deep breath from the bowl, Allah will fulfill all your desires soon. Insha-Allah.
41. Al-Haseeb (The Reckoner)
If you fear any human being or any thing, recite (Hasbiyallaahul- Haseebu) 70 times in the morning and 70 times at night for eight days starting from Thursday, Allah will grant you protection against the evil of the person or thing you fear. Insha-Allah.
42. Al-Jaleel (The Exalted)
If you write (Yaa Jaleelu) on a paper with saffron or musk and keep it with you as a Ta’weez, Allah will give you honor, greatness, rank and dignity. Insha-Allah.
43. Al-Kareem (The Generous)
If you wish to be revered and honored by the Ulama and pious people recite this name of Allah continually and fall asleep. Allah will fulfill your wish. Insha-Allah.
44. Ar-Raqeeb (The Watchful)
If you recite this name of Allah 7 times each day and blow on yourself and your family, Allah will protect you and your wealth from destruction and calamities. Recite this name of Allah all the time to be safeguarded at all times. Insha-Allah.
45. Al-Mujeeb (The Responsive)
If you recite this name of Allah constantly, you will perceive that all your Du’as are being granted. Insha-Allah.
46. Al-Waasi’ (The All-Encompassing)
If you recite this name of Allah repeatedly, Allah will grant you spiritual and material self-sufficiency and independence. Insha-Allah.
47. Al-Hakeem (The Wise)
If you recite this name of Allah constantly, Allah will open the doors of knowledge and wisdom for you. If you want a particular task to be accomplished recite this name Of Allah frequently and constantly. Insha-Allah.
48. Al-Wadood (The Most Loving)
If you recite this name of Allah 1000 times, blow on food, and consume it along with your spouse, Allah will settle all your disputes and differences and create a strong bond of love and affection . Insha-Allah.
49. Al-Majeed (The Most Glorious)
A person who has contracted a fatal disease such as pox, leprosy etc. should fast on the 13th, 14th and 15th of the lunar month and after breaking fast recite this name of Allah profusely, blow on water and drink it. He will soon be cured. Insha-Allah.
50. Al-Baa’ith (The Resurrector)
If you place your hand on your bosom and recite this name of Allah 101 times at bedtime, your heart will become alive with knowledge and wisdom. Insha-Allah.
51. Ash-Shaheed (The Witness)
If you wish your disobedient wife or children become obedient, place your hand on their forehead and recite this name of Allah 21 times and blow on them. They will soon become obedient. Insha-Allah.
52. Al-Haqq (The Truth)
If your family member is missing or absconding or if your belongings have been stolen, write this name of Allah on all 4 corners of a square paper. At the time of Sehri place the paper on your palms and lift it toward the heavens and make Du’a. The missing person or the stolen goods will be returned soon, free from any harm or damage. Insha-Allah.
53. Al-Wakeel (The Trustee)
If you fear any calamity caused by an act of Allah, recite this name of Allah repeatedly, you will be protected from all calamities. Insha-Allah.
54. Al-Qawiyy (The Most Strong)
If you are genuinely oppressed or victimized, recite this name of Allah profusely with a view to counteracting the oppressor. Allah will render you proctection. Insha-Allah. This should never be done if circumstances do not warrant.
55. Al-Mateen (The Firm)
If a lady’s breasts do not yield milk, write this name of Allah on a piece of paper, soak it in water and make her drink it. Her breasts will abound in milk. Insha-Allah.
56. Al-Waliyy (The Patron)
If your wife is of ill character, recite this name of Allah constantly in her presence. She will soon become of good character. Insha-Allah.
57. Al-Hameed (The Praiseworthy)
If you recite this name of Allah in seclusion 93 times for 45 days, all your evil habits and bad qualities will change into good habits. Insha-Allah.
58. Al-Muhsee (The Reckoner)
If you recite this name of Allah 20 times daily and blow it on 20 pieces of bread and consume it, Allah will make the entire creation subservient to you. Insha-Allah.
59. Al-Mubdi’ (The Originator)
If you place your hand on the stomach of your pregnant wife and recite this name of Allah 99 times at the time of Sehri, she will not have a miscarriage or give birth prematurely. Insha-Allah.
60. Al-Mu’eed (The Restorer)
If a person is lost, recite this name of Allah 70 times in each corner of the house during the night when everyone is asleep. The missing person will either return within 7 days or his whereabouts will be known within that period. Insha-Allah.
61. Al-Muhyee (The Giver of Life)
If you are sick, recite this name of Allah repeatedly, your health will be restored. If you recite this name of Allah repeatedly and blow on a sick person, his health will be restored. If you recite this name of Allah 89 times and blow on yourself, Allah will safeguard you against all obstacles and bondages. Insha-Allah.
62. Al-Mumeet (The Giver