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Adi Sesha Vishnu Bed Dark Energy Of Universe Cosmic Constant

Amazing,puzzling,are the words that come to my mind when I read about Astrophysics and Indian Cosmology.

Indian texts describe the Universe as Dynamic,Eternal.


Universe is Energy and what is Observable is not the Entire Universe.

What we Observe is Negligible,both from the Standpoint of the Individual and things that are separate,away from the Individual

I shall attempt to explain in a series that deal with Space,Galaxies,Expanding Universe,Matter,Antimatter,Dark Matter and Dark Energy.

Universe consists of 5%Matter,68.7% Dark Energy and 26.3% Dark Matter.

( that there are many Universes with different Laws operation is another matter!)

On this scale what we know of the Universe is practically Nothing.

Universe was thought to be fixed in the sense that it was limited,though of astronomical magnitude of Numbers.

However,it was found not to be so.

The Universe is expanding.

That is No limit or Edge to the Universe.

Then Einstein came up with the the Theory of Cosmic Quotient,which means that a Fixed Number,Constant exists between the Force of Gravity that keeps Galaxies together and the Expanding Universe.

With the advent of Hubble Telescope in Space,it was demonstrated that there forces at Work that expand the Universe.

Dark Matter was theorised to exist and it,though Unobservable,can be inferred.

And Dark Energy helps in Expanding the Universe.

Expanding Universe.

This diagram reveals changes in the rate of expansion since the universe’s birth 15 billion years ago. The more shallow the curve, the faster the rate of expansion. The curve changes noticeably about 7.5 billion years ago, when objects in the universe began flying apart as a faster rate. Astronomers theorize that the faster expansion rate is due to a mysterious, dark force that is pulling galaxies apart.

Credit: NASA/STSci/Ann Feild

Image is featured at the top of the article.

A galaxy is an enormous swarm of a million to a trillion stars. The Milky Way Galaxy,(our galaxy) is medium-large, with 100 billion stars. There are about 100 billion galaxies in the known universe, so there are literally as many suns as there are sand grains on all the beaches of Earth. The nearest large galaxy (Andromeda) is 2 million light years away. When you look out into space, you are also looking back in time. You actually see Andromeda as it was 2 million years ago, because it took that long for the light to reach Earth.


It was also found that Dark Matter alone could not account for the acceleration of the Universe.

There exists a Form of Energy, called Dark Energy,that expands the Universe at a higher rate,by creating Space (!) and more Dark Energy.

In physical cosmology and astronomy, dark energy is an unknown form of energy which is hypothesized to permeate all of space, tending to accelerate the expansion of the universe. Dark energy is the most accepted hypothesis to explain the observations since the 1990s indicating that the universe is expanding at an accelerating rate.



As we know of very little about Dark Energy,we know very much less of its origin or its end ,if any.

It is,as things stand now,is Perpetual,Infinite.

This Dark Energy and Dark Matter remain Eternal.

To understand what is Time and Eternity, would take another article.

What do the Indian texts say on Cosmology?

The Purusha Suktha Explains that everything is from A Principle and it evolves by Matter merging or interacting with non Matter.

Purusha Evethakum Sarvam Yath Bootham Yacha Bhavyam…..

Brahma, representing Matter sacrifices His head in Yagnya fire to get the Universe evolved.

(Indian texts tend to give minimum three meanings for any text;one,the literal translation,the second ,it contains a scientific one and the third that explains an Abstract philosophical Truth.)

The term Vishnu is from the Word Jishnu,One That supports.

Vishnu is a Principle that supports the Universe.

Vishnu is a manifestation,am Amsa of Narayana.

He is described in various Avatars as Koorma,Tortoise,that suppots the Universe.

It may be interesting to note that all civilisations have The Tortoise Legend.

Narayana is always in Eternal Contemplation.

Appears to be asleep,Yoga Nidra,that is appears to be Asleep but aware.

You may read my article on Yoga Nidra for details.

In the early 1990s, one thing was fairly certain about the expansion of the universe. It might have enough energy density to stop its expansion and recollapse, it might have so little energy density that it would never stop expanding, but gravity was certain to slow the expansion as time went on. Granted, the slowing had not been observed, but, theoretically, the universe had to slow. The universe is full of matter and the attractive force of gravity pulls all matter together. Then came 1998 and the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) observations of very distant supernovae that showed that, a long time ago, the universe was actually expanding more slowly than it is today. So the expansion of the universe has not been slowing due to gravity, as everyone thought, it has been accelerating. No one expected this, no one knew how to explain it. But something was causing it.……

Dark Energy.
We know how much dark energy there is because we know how it affects the universe’s expansion. Other than that, it is a complete mystery. But it is an important mystery. It turns out that roughly 68%of the universe is dark energy. Dark matter makes up about 27%. The rest – everything on Earth, everything ever observed with all of our instruments, all normal matter – adds up to less than 5% of the universe. Come to think of it, maybe it shouldn’t be called “normal” matter at all, since it is such a small fraction of the universe.
Albert Einstein was the first person to realize that empty space is not nothing. Space has amazing properties, many of which are just beginning to be understood. The first property that Einstein discovered is that it is possible for more space to come into existence. Then one version of Einstein’s gravity theory, the version that contains a cosmological constant, makes a second prediction: “empty space” can possess its own energy. Because this energy is a property of space itself, it would not be diluted as space expands. As more space comes into existence, more of this energy-of-space would appear. As a result, this form of energy would cause the universe to expand faster and faster. Unfortunately, no one understands why the cosmological constant should even be there, much less why it would have exactly the right value to cause the observed acceleration of the universe.


By fitting a theoretical model of the composition of the universe to the combined set of cosmological observations, scientists have come up with the composition that we described above, ~68% dark energy, ~27% dark matter, ~5% normal matter. What is dark matter?

We are much more certain what dark matter is not than we are what it is. First, it is dark, meaning that it is not in the form of stars and planets that we see. Observations show that there is far too little visible matter in the universe to make up the 27% required by the observations. Second, it is not in the form of dark clouds of normal matter, matter made up of particles called baryons. We know this because we would be able to detect baryonic clouds by their absorption of radiation passing through them. Third, dark matter is not antimatter, because we do not see the unique gamma rays that are produced when antimatter annihilates with matter. Finally, we can rule out large galaxy-sized black holes on the basis of how many gravitational lenses we see. High concentrations of matter bend light passing near them from objects further away, but we do not see enough lensing events to suggest that such objects to make up the required 25% dark matter contribution……



There are words in Indian texts to describe Snakes.

Sarpa and Naga.

Sarpa is Snake and Naga, Serpent, Cobra and a Tribe.

(This information strengthens my view that Subrahmanya and Shiva were real life characters).

The Serpent that serves as Bed to Lord Vishnu is called Sesha and one instance has it that Vishnu had rolled it!

Sesha is Time and it is circular,can be rolled back for Time, according to Indian Thought in Cyclic and not linear.

Another meaning for Sesha is Remainder.

So Sesha,on which the principle of Movement,Kinetic Energy,Lord Vishnu meditates,is

The Eternal Time.

Sesha is Eternal,,and Adhi the First.

And as in mathematics,It Is Infinite.

And Sesha is worshipped as Sankarshana.


In the Bhagavata PuranaShesha is namedSankarshana, the tamasic energy of Lord Narayana himself, and is said to live deep within the inner layers of patala, where there are many serpents with gems on their heads and where Sankarshana is the ruler. He is said to live since before the creation of the universe. When the universe is towards its end, he creates 11 rudras from him to destroy the universe for a new one to be created.

Sankarshana is also one of the four vyuha forms of Vishnu or Krishna, the other three being Vāsudeva, Pradyumna and Aniruddha.

Sankarshana expands himself as garbhodakshayi-vishnu in the beginning of the universe to create Brahma. In other words, Lord Sankarshana is Lord Narayana himself.-. Wikipedia.


Imag Credit.


He is sometimes referred to as Ananta Shesha, which translates as endless-Shesha or Adishesha “first Shesha”. It is said that when Adishesa uncoils, time moves forward and creation takes place; when he coils back, the universe ceases to exist. He is also described in Buddhism as Vasuki.

Vishnu is often depicted as resting on Shesha. Shesha is considered a servant and a manifestation of Vishnu. He is said to have descended to Earth in two human forms or avatars: Lakshmana, brother of Rama; Balarama, brother of Krishna.

“Shesha” in Sanskrit texts, especially those relating to mathematical calculation, implies the “remainder”—that which remains when all else ceases to exist. But in Sanskrit it also means 6 shesham as the sheshanaga has been depicted to have many heads (5 to 7).

His name means “that which remains”, from the Sanskrit rootśiṣ, because when the world is destroyed at the end of the kalpa, Shesha remains as he is.



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Shiva Abhishek Ghee Turns Butter Shiva Gange Temple

Apart from the spiritual point of view,Hindu temples are repositories of Innovative Architecture and house sites of Events that defy logic.

People call them as Miracles.

However those who know the ancient wisdom handed over through generations orally know that none of these ancient texts call any happenings,which might appear to be away from our daily Life,are Miracles;for the Hindus nothing in the world is a Miracle for it is Natural.

There is nothing called Paranormal in Hinduism.

Everything in the Universe is Natural.

When we come across things which we do not see in our daily Life,we tend to call them as Miracles.

Fact is that we are perceiving them anew.

That’s all.

What human mind is capable of conceiving is possible.

( That the world has only Relative Existence is an issue of philosophy and this blog has covered that topic)

Thus we have,

Shiva lingas that change colors daily/Five times a day)

Ganesha Idol that remains white during the waxing of the Moon and black during the waning of the moon.

Narasimha idol that consumes Jaggery water,

Temple Ghee remains unspoilt for an year and lamp keeps on burning in a temple that opens once a Year.

I can keep on adding.

Please read my articles on temples by Googling temples of India+ramanan 50.

There is a temple near Tumkur, Karnataka,where Ghee poured on Shiva linga as Abhisheka, Holy Bathing,turns into Butter.

This temple is around 54 Kilometers from Bengaluru and 19 Kilometres from Tumkuru.

Airport. Bangalore.

Railway Station.Bangalore,Tumkur.

Buses available from Bangalore to Tumkur.

One has to trek the hill.

Autos,Buses available from Tumkur.

Shiva Gange .image.

Shiva Gange Shiva Ghee turns butter,

Image credit. http://www.indiatravelblog.com/resources/3613-Sivaganga-Sivagange-hills-Hilly-retreat.aspx

An interesting miracle happens here is that when an abhisheka is performed on Shivalinga with ghee, the ghee turns to butter. Devotees can see the miracle live during abhisheka.It is said that the ghee that turns to butter has medicinal powers and can cure many ailments. According to legend there exists a secret tunnel that extends from the sanctum sanctorum (Garba Griha) of this temple to the Gavi Gangadhareshwara temple in Bengaluru, around 50 kilometers from this temple.


Shivagange is a mountain peak with a height of 804.8 meters or 2640.3 feet and Hindu pilgrimage center located near Dobbaspet, in Bengaluru Rural district India. It is situated 19 km from the town of Tumakuru and 54 km from Bengaluru. The sacred mountain is shaped as a shivalingaand a spring flows near locally called “Ganga”, thereby giving the place its name. It is also known as Dakshina Kashi (Kashi of the South) and place is having various temples such as Gangadhareshwara temple, Sri Honnammadevi Temple, Olakal Teertha, Nandi Statue, Patalagange, A historical rock statue of Nandi or Basavanna carved on top of a steep rock is considered as a spell binding sculpture because of its narrow location.



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Iron Age India 30000 Years Ago Vedas Ramayana On Iron Bronze Copper

As I keep writing on the antiquity of India and its advanced culture with the help of Archeology,World literature, Travelogues, Epigraphs,Temple inscriptions,Cave paintings, Astronomy, Tectonics, Glacier movements, Infrared dating,Strata verification and more tools from Oceanography,I am amazed at the dates I arrive for events detailed in Ancient Indian texts.

They defy the dates currently assigned to them,be it the date of the Vedas,Shiva,Puranas, Ramayana, Mahabharata,Tamil Sangam dates.

Despite mounting evidence,dates assigned to India and its Culture deliberately pushed after BC or if it is impossible,date them as close as possible to the Chronology of Christ,BC.

If it is difficult,deny the existing evidence by changing the age of Reference points!

Classic case is the date of Iron age in India.

As Western civilization could not stomach the ancient history of India,they dated Rig Veda to be around 5000 years old.

This date is erroneous as the description of Iron is found in the Rig Veda, world’s oldest literature,Puranas,Ramayana, Mahabharata and Tamil Sangam classics.

Ramayana is currently dated around 5114 .

I have provided evidence that it could be dated as back as by at least 50,000 years to a Million years!

Tamil port Poompuhar is dated around 16,000 years ago,by Archeology.

A million year old site dated around a million years belonging to Tamils is near Chennai, Tamilnadu, India.

And Silappadikaaram of the period is rich in literature.

It requires at least minimum five thousand years,even this is a very conservative estimate,for the richness of the language found in Silappadikaaram.

So Tamil could be dated at least by another five thousand years ago,that is by 21,000 years.

From another angle, Lemuria is about 230 Million years old and so is MU civilization.

So date of Ramayana and therefore the dates of the Vedas may be pushed back further.

Kindly read my Articles on each of these.

How to rebut these findings,is the problem faced by those who want to deny the history of India?


Deny the Iron Age in India.

Date it to just around 300 BC.

And change the definition of Iron Age!

The duration of the Iron Age varies depending on the region under consideration. It is defined by archaeological convention, and the mere presence of cast or wrought iron is not sufficient to represent an Iron Age culture; rather, the term “Iron Age” implies that the production of carbon steel has been perfected to the point where mass production of tools and weapons superior to their bronze equivalents become possible. In the Ancient Near East, this transition takes place in the wake of the so-called Bronze Age collapse, in the 12th century BC. The technology soon spreads throughout the Mediterranean region and to South Asia. Its further spread to Central Asia, Eastern and Central Europe is somewhat delayed, and Northern Europe is reached still later, by about 500 BC.

( https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iron_Age )

India’s Iron Age emerged in an era of transition known as the Vedic period (ca. 1,500-600 BCE). The Vedic period covers both the end of the Bronze Age following the collapse of the Harappan civilization around 1,400 CE and the start of the Iron Age. The Harappan civilization of the Indus River Valley had been complex and highly urbanized. The societies of the Vedic period were smaller, most only about the size of a village, recovering from the changes in the regional economy as well as drought, the likely culprit that collapsed India’s Bronze-Age stability.

This was a time of re-organization, but also religious growth. The Vedic period is named for the Vedas, foundational religious texts of Hinduism. The oldest, written in the ancient script of Vedic Sanskrit, was likely created between 1,500 and 1,200 BCE.’


But mass production of Steel,Iron was present in India.

Smeltering technology was known to India in those ancient times.

Microdrilling technology may be seen in Hindu temples,for example in Mahabalipuram, Tamilnadu.

Iron evidence in Vedas,Ramayana, Mahabharata and Tamil texts and in archeological sites in India.

Yajur Veda Taittariyea Samhita 4.7.5 May I for me the stone, clay, hills, mountains, sand, trees, gold, bronze, lead ,tin, iron, copper, fire, water, roots, plants, what grows on ploughed land, what grows.Rig Veda 10.99.6 Lord of the dwelling, he subdued the demon who roared aloud, six-eyed and triple-headed. Trta, made stronger by the might he lent him, struck down the boar with shaft whose point was iron.Rig Veda 10.101.8 Prepare the cow-stall, for there drink your heroes: stitch ye the coats of armour, wide and many. Make iron forts, secure from all assailants let not your pitcher leak: stay it securely.Rig Veda 8.29.3 One brandishes in his hand an iron knife, firm, in his seat amid the DeitiesRig Veda 5.62.7 Adorned with gold, its columns are of iron. in heaven it glitters like a whip for horses; Or stablished on a field deep−spoiled and fruitful. So may we share the meath that loads your car−seat.Rig Veda 1.121.9 Thou hurledst forth from heaven the iron missile, brought by the Skilful, from the sling of leather, When thou, O Much-invoked, assisting Kutsa with endless deadly darts didst compass Susna.Rig Veda1.58.8 Grant, Son of Strength, thou rich in friends, a refuge without a flaw this day to us thy praisers. O Agni, Son of Strength, with forts of iron preserve thou from distress the man who lauds thee.Rig Veda 4.37.4 Strong, with fair chains of gold and jaws of iron, ye have a splendid car and wellfed horses. Ye Sons of Strength, ye progeny of Indra, to you the best is offered to delight you.Rig Veda 6.71.4 This Savitar the God, the golden−handed, Friend of the home, hath risen to meet the twilight. With cheeks of brass, with pleasant tongue, the Holy, he sends the worshipper rich gifts in plenty.Atharva Veda 10.1.20 Swords of good brass are in our house: we know how many joints thou hast, O spell! Be sure to rise, go away from hence! O stranger, what seekest thou here?Yajur Veda Taittareya Samhita 1.8.12 l Protect me in front, protect me at the side, protect me from behind; from the quarters protect me; from all deadly things protect me.
m Gold hued in the glowing of the dawns, Bronze pillared at the rising of the sun, O Varuna, O Mitra, mount your chariot seat, And thence behold ye Aditi and Diti.There are so many other refrences too.____________________________________Metals in ItihasasValmiki Ramayan Yuddha Kanda 6.113.20हिरण्यं वा सुवर्णं वा रत्नानि विविधानि च || राज्यं वा त्रिषु लोकेषु नैतदर्हति भाषितुम् |”Neither silver, nor gold nor even diamonds nor the sovereignty of the three worlds, can be worthy of this message.”Valmiki Ramayan Yuddha Kanda 6.65.18आददे निशितम् शूलं वेगाच्छत्रुनिबर्हणः |
सर्वकालायसम् दीप्तं तप्तकाञ्चनभूषणम् ||Kumbhakarna, the annihilator of enemies, speedily took up a sharp spike fully made of iron,adorned with pure gold and splendidly shining.Lord Krishnas Sudarshan Chakra also contained component of iron..The Mahabharata, Book 1: Adi Parva: Khandava-daha Parva: Section CCXXVII
And Pavaka then gave unto Krishna a discus with an iron pole attached to a hole in the centre.And it was a fiery weapon and became his favourite. Having obtained that weapon, Krishna also became equal to the task.Maces were mainly made by iron.The Mahabharata, Book 3: Vana Parva: Indralokagamana Parva: Section LI
And amongst them will move that great warrior Bhima of terrible prowess, armed with his iron mace held on high and capable of slaying every hero. And high above the din will be heard the twang of the Gandiva loud as the thunder of heaven.Arrows were mainly made by iron. But sometimes also made of steel, silver and copper.The Mahabharata, Book 3: Vana Parva: Tirtha-yatra Parva: Section CLXXII

And battered and broken by the straight-coursing iron shafts, shot by me, the city of the Asuras, O king, fell to the earth. And they also, wounded by my iron arrows having the speed of the thunder, began, O monarch, to go about, being urged by destiny.The Mahabharata, Book 4: Virata Parva: Go-harana Parva: Section LXII
And loud was the clatter made by Arjuna’s shafts as they cleft the coats of mail belonging to mighty warriors, made of steel, silver, and copper. And the field was soon covered with the corpses of warriors mounted on elephants and horses, all mangled by the shafts of Partha of great impetuosity like unto sighing snakes.Wheels of chariots were made up of iron:The Mahabharata, Book 1: Adi Parva: Viduragamana Parva: Section CCIX
There were also large iron wheels planted on them. And with all these was that foremost of cities adorned. The streets were all wide and laid out excellently; and there was no fear in them of accident. And decked with innumerable mansions, the city became like unto Amaravati and came to be called Indraprastha (like unto Indra’s city).

Smritis mention frequent use of metals. Some of examples are:

SB 3.17.26. Moving about in the ocean for many, many years, the mighty Hiranyaksa smote the gigantic wind-tossed waves again and again with his iron maceand reached Vibhavari, the capital of Varuna.

SB10.41.20The Lord saw Mathura, with its tall gates and household entrances made of crystal, its immense archways and main doors of gold, its granaries and other storehouses of copper and brass, and its impregnable moats. Beautifying the city were pleasant gardens and parks. The main intersections were fashioned of gold, and there were mansions with private pleasure gardens, along with guildhalls and many other buildings.

Shiva Purana mentions Vishwakarma preparing Shiva Linga of Various metals.

Shiva Purana 2.14
All the deities, then prayed to lord Shiva, who after becoming pleased instructed ‘Vishwakarma’ to construct a Shivalinga for them. Vishwakarma then made a Shivalinga for Kuber, a Shivalinga of yellow diamond for Dharmaraj, a Shivalinga of dark coloured diamond for Varun, a Shivalinga of Indraned diamond for Vishnu and a goldden Shivalinga for Brahmaji. Similarly Vishwadeva was given a Shivalinga made up of silver, the Ashwini Kumars were given Shivalinga made up of bronze, Laxmi was given a Shivalinga made up of Crystal (Sphatik), Sun-god was given a Shivalinga made of copper and the moon was given a Shivalinga made of pearl.



If people can not stomach evidence,change the date of Indian text!

Sample.’ The word Iron cannot be existed before iron age. So it means those verses were written after iron ageuser9554′

You can find the thread in the stackexchange link above.

Archaeological evidence in the image below.

Iron age,India.image.

Details of Iron Age,India

The author of this paper mentions about iron smelting , later in the Gandhara area nearby . Biswas [1995 ] has identified three main areas where iron is known to be smelted since the ancient times. These areas are :
( 1 ) Atranjikhera ( Fig. 15 ) near Delhi or Aligarh ( Uttar Pradesh ) ,

( 2 ) Singhbhum – Raipur areas where Asuras and Gond tribals live , and

( 3 ) Karnataka and Tamilnadu areas where one can see places like Paiyampalli ( again Neolithic- Megalithic ),which is in the Arcot district of Tamilnadu, where iron was smelted .

It is believed that the expansion of the Magadha Empire was due to the source of iron nearby ( Baraaber Hills near Gaya – refer to Fig. 4 [ Wolpert ,1993]).

The Asuras of Netarhat belong to the group of the tribals of Central India where to-day , most of the Steel Plants ( roughly 90 % and above of steel production of India ) takes place. The Steel Plants are located at Bhilai near Raipur, Rourkela in Orrisa, Jamshedpur, Bokaro, and Burnpur. The ore for the plant at Durgapur ( West Bengal ) possibly is also obtained from this area only .

Source and image of Smeltering in India, https://www.engr.mun.ca/~asharan/bihar/ironage/IRONAGEINDIA2.htm

You will find the research paper at the above Link.

This extensive urn burial site was first excavated in 1876. Later Alexander Rea, an Englishman and Superintending Archaeologist, excavated the urn-burial site between 1889 and 1905. He excavated a good number of urns and Rea discovered about 1,872 objects including gold diadems (with parallels from Mycenae), bronze objects notably lids with exquisite finials depicting many animal forms,iron objects besides thousands of potsherds. After hundred years the excavation was also resumed during 2003-04 and 2004-05. They found 185 burial urns, including 100 fully intact urns, and 36 with complete human skeletons inside, unearthed at a depth of two to three meters in various (six 10m x 10m trenches) trenches within the area of 600 square meters. Along with the skeletons, husks, grains of rice, charred rice and neolithic Celts, red ware, black ware, copper bangles and earrings, iron spearheads, daggers, and swords have been found. Three of these urns contain writing resembling the early Tamil Brahmi script.

And there was no copper,bronze ages as presumed because all of them are found in simultaneously.



  1. A History of ancient and early medieval India from stone age to the 12th century. Upinder Singh. 2009 p.425 http://books.google.co.in/books?id=GW5Gx0HSXKUC&pg=PA425&lpg=PA425&dq=sangam+age+megaliths&source=bl&ots=QfSdEsT1Ga&sig=nfJPw5uzJf8bJn1OEBFdU52LCcY&hl=en&sa=X&ei=NjWwUtziBoX8rAePiYDQDA&ved=0CCoQ6AEwATgK#v=onepage&q=sangam%20age%20megaliths&f=false
  2. Champakalakshmi.R, ‘Archaeology and Tamil literary tradition. Puratattva. 8 : 1 10-22. 1996
  3. Cromlech. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cromlech
  4. Dolmens, Hero Stones and the Dravidian People. Nagaswamy.R. http://tamilnation.co/heritage/dolmens.htm
  5. Dolmen. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dolmen
  6. Fifth ‘hero’ stone with Tamil Brahmi inscriptions found Indian Express. 31st July 2012 http://www.newindianexpress.com/cities/chennai/article579686.ece
  7. History of Tamil Nau. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Tamil_Nadu
  8. Iron Age burial site found near Tiruvannamalai. Subramaniyan, TS. The Hindu June 26, 2011. http://www.thehindu.com/features/friday-review/history-and-culture/iron-age-burial-site-found-near-tiruvannamalai/article2135078.ece
  9. More pre-historic burial sites found in Tirunelveli district The Hindu March 9, 2010. http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/more-prehistoric-burial-sites-found-in-tirunelveli-district/article221358.ece
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Marriage Nischayathaartha Selecting Girl Ritual Details Apsthamba Sutra Explains

Smritis,meaning those remembered,lays down rules to lead a pious, auspicious and happy life.

The Smritis are different from Sruthi,meaning ‘heard’,that is the Vedas.

For deciding any righteousness action,or for any action,in case of confusion,the words of Sruthi is final.

If there is a conflict of views between Srithi and Smriti on any issue,Sruthi is the final authority.

Sruthi is like the Fundamental Rights in the Constitution of India and Smriti is like the Directive Principles of State Policy.

At all times, fundamental rights prevail.

Smritis evolved over a period of time,with its base in Sruthi.

But it also incorporates practices not in contradiction to Vedas.

So, there are many Smritis.

Please read my article on Smritis.

For those who ollow,ApasthambaSutra,Apasthamba lays down rules of life in his Apasthamba Gruhya Sutra.

Here one would find, not only the rules to follow,but also suggestions on various important events in one’s life,like marriage,Naming ceremony.

I am providing from Apasthamba Gruhya Sutra portions relating to marriage on,

  1. Seasons,months to marry,
  2. Which months to a avoid,
  3. Marriage Nakshatras,
  4. The attributes of a bride,
  5. The process of choosing a bride,
  6. The process of conducting marriage,

12. All seasons are fit for marriage with the exception of the two months of the śiśira season, and of the last summer month.

13. All Nakṣatras which are stated to be pure, (are fit for marriage);

14. And all auspicious performances.

15. And one should learn from women what ceremonies (are required by custom).

16.Under the Invakās (Nakṣatra), (the wooers who go to the girl’s father) are sent out: such wooers are welcome.

Under the Maghās (Nakṣatra) cows are provided;

2. Under the Phalgunī (Nakṣatra) marriage is celebrated.

3. A daughter whom he wishes to be dear (to her husband), a father should give in marriage under the Niṣṭyā (Nakṣatra); thus she becomes dear (to her husband); she does not return (to her father’s) house: this is an observance based on a Brāhmaṇa.

4.The word Invakās means Mṛgaśiras; the word Niṣṭyā means Svāti.

5.At the wedding one cow;

6. In the house one cow:

7. With the (first cow) he should prepare an Argha reception for the bridegroom as for a guest,

8. With the other (the bridegroom [?] should do so) for a person whom he reveres.

9. These are the occasions for killing a cow: (the arrival of) a guest, (the Aṣṭakā sacrifice offered to) the Fathers, and marriage.

10. Let (the wooer) avoid in his wooing a girl that sleeps, or cries, or has left home.

11.And let him avoid one who has been given (to another), and who is guarded (by her relations), and one who looks wicked (?), or who is a most excellent one (?), or (who is like the fabulous deer) śarabha (?), a hunch-back, a girl of monstrous appearance, a bald-headed girl, a girl whose skin is like a frog’s (?), a girl who has gone over to another family (?), a girl given to sensual pleasures (?), or a herdess, or one who has too many friends, or who has a fine younger sister, or one whose age is too near to that of the bridegroom (?).

12.Girls who have the name of a Nakṣatra, or of a river, or of a tree, are objectionable.

13. And all girls in whose names the last letter but one is r or l, one should avoid in wooing.

14. If possible, he should place (the following) objects hidden before the girl, and should say to her, ‘Touch (one of these things).’

15. (The objects are), different kinds of seeds mixed together, loose earth from (the kind of sacrificial altar called) vedi, an earth-clod from a field, cow-dung, and an earth-clod from a cemetery.

16. If she touches one of the former (objects, this portends) prosperity as characterized (by the nature of what she has touched).

17. The last is regarded as objectionable.

18. Let him marry a girl of good family and character, with auspicious characteristics, and of good health.

19. Good family, a good character, auspicious characteristics, learning, and good health: these are the accomplishments of a bridegroom.

20. A wife who is pleasing to his mind and his eyes, will bring happiness to him; let him pay no attention to the other things: such is the opinion of some.

Praśna 2, Section 4

1. Let him send out as his wooers friends who have assembled, who are versed in the Mantras.

2. He should recite over them the first two verses (Mantrap. I, 1, 1. 2).

3. When he himself has seen (the bride), let him murmur the third (verse; M. I, 1, 3).

4. With the fourth (M. I, 1, 4) let him behold her.

5. Let him seize with his thumb and fourth finger a Darbha blade, and let him wipe (therewith) the interstice between her eye-brows with the next Yajus (M. I, 1, 5), and let him throw it away towards the west.

6. If an omen occurs (such as the bride’s or her relations’ weeping), let him murmur the next (verse; M. I, 1, 6).

7. With the next (verse; M. I, 1, 7) let him send an even number of persons who have assembled there, and who are versed in the Mantras, to fetch water.

8. With the next Yajus (M. I, 1, 8) he places a round piece of Darbha net-work on her head; on that, with the next (verse; M. I, 1, 9) he places a right yoke-hole; on this hole he lays with the next (verse; M. I, 1, 10), a piece of gold, and washes her with the next five verses (M. I, 2, 1-5), (so that the water runs over that gold and through the yoke-hole); with the next (verse; M. I, 2, 6) he causes her to dress in a fresh garment, and with the next (M. I, 2, 7) he girds her with a rope.

9. Then he takes hold of her with the next (verse; M. I, 2, 8) by her right hand, leads her to the fire, spreads a mat, west of the fire, so that the points of the blades in it are directed towards the north, and on this mat they both sit down, the bridegroom to the north.

10. After the ceremonies have been performed from the putting of wood on the fire down to the Ājyabhāga oblations, he recites over her the first two (verses of the third Anuvāka).

11. Then he should take with his right hand, palm down, her right hand which she holds palm up.

12. If he wishes that only daughters may be born to him, he should seize only the fingers (without the thumb);

13. If he wishes that only sons may be born to him, the thumb.

14. He takes (her hand) so as just to touch her thumb and the little hairs (on her hand),

15. With the four verses, ‘I take thy hand’ (Mantrap. I, 3, 3-6).

16. He then makes her step forward with her right foot, to the north of the fire, in an easterly or northerly direction, with (the formula), ‘One step for sap’ (M. I, 3, 7).

17. At her seventh step he murmurs, ‘Be a friend’ (M. I, 3, 14).

Having before the sacrifice gone round the fire, so that their right sides are turned towards it,

2. They sit down in their former position, and while she takes hold of him, he offers the oblations (indicated by the) next (Mantras), with (the Mantras), ‘To Soma, the acquirer of a wife, Svāhā!’ (M. I, 4, I-16), one oblation with each Mantra.

3. He then causes her, to the north of the fire, to tread with her right foot on a stone, with (the verse), ‘Tread’ (M. I, 5, 1).

4. Having ‘spread under’ Ājya into her joined hands, he pours roasted grain twice (into them), and sprinkles Ājya over it.

5. Some say that an uterine relation of hers pours the grain (into her hands).

6. He (?) sacrifices (that grain) with (the verse), ‘This wife’ (M. I, 5, 2).

7.Having gone round the fire, with the right side turned towards it, with the next three (verses; M. I, 5, 3-5) he makes her tread on the stone as above (M. I, 5, 6).

8. And the oblation (is performed) with the next (verse; M. I, 5, 7).

9. (Then follow) again the circumambulation (M. I, 5, 8-10), the injunction to tread on the stone. (I, 5, 11), and the oblation with the next (verse; I, 5, 12);

10. (Then) the circumambulation again (I, 5, 13-15).

11. He enters upon the performance of the Jaya and following oblations.

12. Having performed (the rites) down to the sprinkling (of water) round (the fire), and having untied the rope with the next two verses (I, 5, 16. 17), he should then make her depart (from her father’s house in a vehicle), or should have her taken away.

13. Having put that fire (with which the marriage rites have been performed, into a vessel), they carry it behind (the newly-married couple).

14. It should be kept constantly.

15. If it goes out, (a new fire) should be kindled by attrition,

16. Or it should be fetched from the house of a Śrotriya.

17. Besides, if (the fire) goes out, one of them, either the wife or the husband, should fast.

18. Or he may sacrifice with the next (verse; M. I, 5, 18), and not fast.

19. The next (verse; M. I, 6, 1) is for putting the chariot (on which the young couple is to depart), in position;

20. With the next two (verses; M. I, 6, 2. 3), he puts the two animals to the chariot;

21. First the right one.

22. When she mounts (the chariot), he recites over her the next (verses; M. I, 6, 4-7).

23. With the next (verse; M. I, 6, 8), he spreads out two threads in the wheel-tracks (in which the chariot is to go), a dark-blue one in the right (track), a red one in the left.

24. With the next (verses; M. I, 6, 9-11), he walks on these (threads).

25. And when they pass by bathing-places, posts, or cross-roads, let him murmur the next (verse; M. I, 6, 12).

The next (verse; M. I, 6, 13), he recites over a boat (with which they are going to cross a river).

2. And let the wife, when she is crossing, not see the crew.

3. When they have crossed, let him murmur the next (verse; M. I, 6, 14).

4. If they have to pass over a cemetery, or if any article (which they carry with them), or their chariot is damaged, the ceremonies from the putting of wood on the fire down to the Ājyabhāga oblations are performed, and while she takes hold of him, he offers the oblations (indicated by the) next (Mantras; M. I, 7, 1-7), then he enters upon the performance of the Jaya and following oblations, and performs (the rites) down to the sprinkling (of water) round (the fire).

5. If they pass by trees with milky sap or by other trees that serve as marks, by rivers or by deserts, he should murmur the next two (verses; M. I, 7, 8. 9), according to the characteristics in them (which refer to these different cases).

6. With the next (verse) he shows her the house(M. I, 7, 10).7. With the next two (verses; M. I, 7, 11. 12) he unyokes the two animals; the right one first.

8. Having, with the next (verse; M. I, 8, 1), spread out, in the centre of the house, a red bull’s skin with the neck to the east, with the hair up, he causes her to recite the next (verse; M. I, 8, 2), while he makes her enter the house, (which she does) with her right foot.

9. And she does not stand on the threshold.

10. In the north-east part of the house the ceremonies from the putting of wood on the fire down to the Ājyabhāga oblations are performed, and while she takes hold of him, he offers the oblations (indicated by the) next (Mantras; M. I, 8, 3-15); then he enters upon the performance of the Gaya and following oblations, and performs (the rites) down to the sprinkling (of water) round (the fire). Then they sit down with the next (verse; M. I, 9, 1) on the skin, the bridegroom to the north.

11. He then places with the next (verse; M. I, 9, 2), the son of a wife who has only sons and whose children are alive, in her lap, gives fruits to the (child) with the next Yajus (M. I, 9, 3), and murmurs the next ṭwo (verses; M. I, 9, 4-5). Then he (and his wife) observe silence until the stars appear.

12. When the stars have appeared, he goes out (of the house with her) in an easterly or northerly direction, and shows her the polar star and (the star) Arundhatī with the next two verses (M. I, 9, 6-7), according to the characteristics (contained in those verses).

He then makes her offer the sacrifice of a Sthālīpāka sacred to Agni.

2. The wife husks (the rice grains out of which this Sthālīpāka is prepared).

3. After he has cooked (the Sthālīpāka), and has sprinkled (Ājya) over it, and has taken it from the fire towards the east or the north, and has sprinkled (Ājya) over it while it stands (there near the fire), (the ceremonies) from the putting of wood on the fire down to the Ājyabhāga oblations (are performed), and while she takes hold of him, he sacrifices of that Sthālīpāka.

4. The ‘spreading under’ and the sprinkling over (of Ājya are done) once; two Avadānas (or cut-off portions are taken).

5. Agni is the deity (of the first oblation); the offering is made with the word Svāhā.

6. Or he may sacrifice after having picked out, once, a portion (of the sacrificial food with the Darvi spoon).

7. Agni Sviṣṭakṛt is the second (deity).

8. (At the Sviṣṭakṛt oblation) the ‘spreading under’ and taking an Avadāna are done once, the sprinkling over (of Ājya) twice.

9. The Avadāna for the first deity (is taken) out of the middle (of the Sthālīpāka);

10. It is offered over the centre (of the fire). 11. (The Avadāna) for the second (deity is taken) from the northern part (of the Sthālīpāka);

12. It is offered over the easterly part of the northerly part (of the fire).

13Having silently anointed (a part of) the Barhis (by dipping it) into the remains both (of the Sthālīpāka and the Ājya) in the way prescribed (in the Śrauta ritual) for the (part of the Barhis called) Prastara, he throws (that part of the Barhis) into the fire.

14.(The rule regarding) the second sprinkling (of water round the fire) is valid (here).

15. He gives (the remains of) that (sacrificial food) with butter to a Brāhmaṇa to eat—

16. Whom he reveres. To that (Brāhmaṇa) he makes the present of a bull.

17. In the same way, with the exception of the sacrificial gift, they should sacrifice a Sthālīpāka from then onwards, on the days of the new and full moon, after having fasted.

18. Some say that a vessel full (of grain) is the sacrificial gift.

19. From then onwards he should offer morning and evening with his hand these two oblations (to Agni and to Agni Sviṣṭakṛt) of (rice) grains or of barley.

Prasna 1, Section 1 to Prasna 4, Section 8.



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Free Will or Determinism?

Sraddha Rules How Face,Sit,Perform Homa,For Whom How Many Apasthamba Sutra

I have written on the Basic Samskaras,forty duties,to be performed by three varnas,Brahmana, Kshatriya and Vaisya .

I have written on individual Samskaras,Garbhadhana,Pumsavana,Punyahavaasana,Namakarana and many more.

I have also described details for Sraddha,the Oblations to be performed for ancestors.

These rules,being Smritis,have variations in practice.

Those who are in Dakshina Para,south of Vindhyas follow the rules set by Sage Apasthamba.

Even in the south,there are people who follow other Sutras.

This is due to the Vedas Shaka assigned to them.

The Sakas one has to follow can be found in the Abhivadan Mantra,that is ‘Abhivaadaye….aham asmibho’

There seems to be some doubts on basic procedures to be followed in performing Sraddha.

The authority is the Smriti on these issues.

On How

  1. To sit,
  2. Which direction to face at various point of time during Sraddha,
  3. Light fire for homa,
  4. How many ahutis,
  5. For whom…

These are all set out by Sage Apasthamba in Apasthamba Gruhya Sutra.

Those who follow Apasthamba sutra are to follow this.

I am providing the procedure from Apasthamba Gruhya Sutra.

Praśna 1, Section 1

1. Now (follow) the ceremonies (the knowledge of) which is derived from practice (and not from the Śruti).

2. They should be performed during the northern course of the sun, on days of the first fortnight (of the month), on auspicious days,

3. With the sacrificial cord suspended over (the sacrificer’s) left shoulder.

4. (The rites should be performed) from left to right.

5. The beginning should be made on the east side or on the north side,

6. And also the end.

7. Ceremonies belonging to the Fathers (are performed) in the second fortnight (of the month),

8. With the sacrificial cord suspended over the right shoulder,

9. From right to left,

10. Ending in the south.

11. Ceremonies occasioned by special occurrences (are performed) according as their occasions demand.

12. Having set the fire in a blaze, he strews eastward-pointed Darbha grass around it,

13. Or eastward-pointed and northward-pointed (grass);

14. Southward-pointed at sacrifices to the Fathers,

15. Or southward-pointed and eastward-pointed.

16. To the north of the fire he strews Darbha grass and (on that) he places the vessels (required for sacrifice) upside-down, two by two, if referring to ceremonies directed to the gods,

17. All at once, if to men,

18. One by one, if to the Fathers.

19.The preparation of the (blades used as) ‘purifiers,’ the measure of their length, the preparation of the Prokṣaṇī water, and the sprinkling of the vessels are the same here as at the sacrifices of the new and full moon, (but are performed) in silence.

20.To the west of the fire he pours water into a vessel over which he has laid (two grass blades called) purifiers, purifies (the water) three times with two northward-pointed purifiers, holds it on a level with his nose and mouth, places it to the north of the fire on Darbha grass, and covers it with Darbha grass.

21. On the south side he causes a Brāhmaṇa to sit down on Darbha grass.

22. He melts the Ājya, pours it, to the west of the fire, into the Ājya-pot, over which he has laid two purifiers, draws coals (out of the sacrificial fire) towards the mirth, puts (the Ājya) on them, throws light on it by means of a burning (grass-blade), throws two Darbha points into it, moves a firebrand round it three times, takes it from the fire towards the north, sweeps the coals back (into the fire), purifies (the Ājya) three times with two northward-pointed purifiers, moving them backward and forward, and throws the purifiers into the fire.

Praśna 1, Section 2

1. He warms at the fire the implement with which he sacrifices, wipes it off with Darbha blades, warms it again, sprinkles it (with water), puts it down, touches the Darbha blades with water, and throws them into the fire.

2.As paridhis (or pieces of wood laid round the fire) yoke-pins are used at the marriage, the Upanayana, the Samāvartana, the parting of the (wife’s) hair, the tonsure of the child’s hair, the cutting of the beard, and at expiatory ceremonies.

3. He sprinkles water round the fire, on the south side from west to east with (the words), ‘Aditi, give thy consent!’ on the west side from south to north with ‘Anumati, give thy consent!’ on the north side from west to east with ‘Sarasvatī [sic], give thy consent!’ all around with ‘God Sāvitrī, give thy impulse!’

4. At ceremonies belonging to the Fathers (water is sprinkled) only all round (the fire), silently.

5. Having put a piece of wood on the fire, he offers the two Āghāra oblations as at the sacrifices of the new and full moon, silently.

6. Then he offers the two Ājyabhāga oblations, over the easterly part of the northerly part (of the fire) with (the words), ‘To Agni Svāhā!’ over the easterly part of the southerly part (another oblation) exactly like the preceding one, with (the words), ‘To Soma Svāhā!’

7. Having offered the chief oblations (belonging to each sacrifice) according to prescription, he adds the following oblations, viz. the Jaya, Abhyātāna, Rāṣṭrabhṛt oblations, the oblation to Prajāpati, the Vyāhṛtis one by one, the oblation to (Agni) Sviṣṭakṛt with (the following formula), ‘What I have done too much in this ceremony, or what I have done here too little, all that may Agni Sviṣṭakṛt, he who knows, make well sacrificed and well offered. Svāhā!’

8. The sprinkling (of water) round (the fire is repeated) as above; the Mantras are altered so as to say, ‘Thou hast given thy consent,’ ‘Thou hast given thy impulse.’

9. The designation ‘Pākayajña’ is used of ceremonies connected with worldly life.

10.There the ritual based on the Brāhmaṇa (holds good),



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Mantra For Snake Bites Drive Snakes Yantra Kurukulla Garuda

During my childhood in Srivilliputtur, I was cured of Jaundice by an old lady,without medicine.

Every morning my mother used to take me to the lady’s house.

I will be asked to sit on a wooden plank.

The lady will have a tumbler made of copper, fill it with water.

She will hold a copper needle in the water, slowly swirling it,changing a mantra mentally.

The water would turn reddish dark

After a few minutes she would ask us to go home.

Diet is, no fried items.

I continued visiting her.

As days progressed,water in the tumbler was gradually getting less darker and one day it became clear.

She informed me I was cured and could take normal diet.

I took no other medicine.

Till today, I am yet to get hold of the Manta.

I shall share if and when I get it.

There was one station master near Kadambur,Tamil Nadu,who was reported curing snake bites with Mantra.

One point of interest is that both these persons did not take any money,the treatment was free!

Hindu texts abound in mantras for curing diseases.

I have seen them work.

But I can not offer any explanation nor am I interested in contrived explanations to satisfy scientists.

I am cured, that’s it.

Why should I know how it cured and how does it improve my chances of cure?

Understanding Gravity does not affect the properties of Gravity.

Now to Snakebites Mantra.

To my surprise,the snake bite mantra is attributed to Garuda,the mount of Lord Vishnu,through Devi.

To Devi,in the form of Tvaritta,Kurukulla.

Recall,’kurukulla’ in Lalitha Sahasranama

In one of the Devi Tantras, occurs the Snake bite Tantra to drive away snakes.

The Gāruḍa Tantras present us with a variety of traditions used by Gāruḍikas, practitioners who treat snakebite and other envenomings. The Gāruḍikas’ repertoire consisted of herbal medicines, mantras to the bird-king Garuḍa, protective diagrams, and other spell systems such as vidyā1 goddesses. I have been keeping track of references to these goddesses and with this paper I would like to acquaint you with some of my initial findings on three of them – Tvaritā, Kurukullā and Bheruṇḍā. Tvaritā was the subject of a vast literature, and though much of it has been lost, a substantial amount of material reaches us in manuscripts from Nepal and elsewhere. The literature on Kurukullā is also large, although the early Gāruḍa Tantra passages are consistently thin on detail. Bheruṇḍā’s references were widespread, but like Kurukullā, they lack depth. I might have also told you about Śākta snakebite goddesses such as Jhaṃkāriṇī,2 Jāṅgulī,3 or Suvarṇarekhā,4 for example, but for conciseness I limit myself to the above-named three, who became known to later tradition primarily through derivative traditions.….


In the Kriyākālaguṇottara, a scripture from around the tenth century drawing on older Gāruḍa and Bhūta Tantras, we get a few more specifics:

oṃ kurukulle svāhā. This vidyā is to be written on a sheet of birch bark on the door of a house, facing out. She drives off a snake. By facing inward, it would enter again.

The Tantra is provided at the beginning of the article.



I will now now describe the highly secret mantrams narrated by Shiva. His weapons are the noose, the bow, the discus, the club, the dart and Pattisha. Having used these weapons inspired with mantrams in a battle a king conquers his enemies. The mantram for purifying the mantrans should be first written on a lotus petal. Om is the Brahma Vijam. Hrim is the Vishnu Vijam. These three Vijams should be assigned to the head of Shiva thrice in order.

Om, Hrim, Hrim.

Having taken up the dart in his hand he should whirl it in the sky. By seeing it all the evil stars and serpents are destroyed. Having held the smoky coloured bow by the hand a man should meditate on it in the sky. By it the wicked serpents, the evil stars, clouds and Rakshasas are destroyed. This mantram protects the three worlds, what to speak of the land of mortals?

Om, jum, Sam, Hum, Phat. Eight sticks of Catechu wood, inspired with mantrams, should be placed on the ground. That will prevent the falling of thunder-bolt. The eight sticks should be inspired with great mantram described [Page 57] by Garuda. The ground should be dug twenty one times in the night. This will ward off the dangers proceeding from lightning, mouse, and thunder-bolt.

The mantram is:—Hara, Kshara, amala, Vashat, added with Vindu Sadasiva.

Om, Hram, salutation unto Sadashiva.

He should then assign pinda (balls of rice) effulgent like Darimi flowers with the fore-finger. By seeing it the evil clouds, lightning and other enemies viz. the Rakshasas, goblins and female ghosts fly away into the ten quarters.’

Om, Hrim, salutation unto Ganesha. Om, Hrim, salutation unto the chakra of Sthambhana.

Om, em, salutation unto the Damaras of the three worlds.

This pinda is called Bhairava which counteracts the effect of poison and the evil effects of the hostile planets. It protects the field and grinds the goblins and Rakshasas.

Om, Namas. Having meditated on the thunder-bolt of his hand he should ward off the evil influence of wicked clouds and with Vajra Mudra all the ghosts, the enemies with poison. Om, Kshum, Namas. He should meditate on his left hand. It destroys all venomous creatures.

Om, Hram, Namas. The very recitation of this mantram destroys the evil clouds and stars. Having meditated on death he should consume the universe with the destroying weapon.

Om, Kshma, Namas.

Meditating on Bhairava one should remove the evil influences of stars, goblins and poison.

Om lasat, jhvaksha Svaha. This mantram destroys the enemies of the field vis, the evil stars, goblins, poison and birds.

Om Ksham Namas. The figure of a cistern should be drawn with blood and then the names of planets should be written there.

[Page 58] Om, Mara, Mara, Maraya, Maraya Svaha. Om, Hum, Phat, Svaha.

The dart should be inspired mentally with eight hundred mantrams. It destroys all the enemies.

With higher energies the lower ones should be suppressed. Then the mantrams should be practised in Puraka and should be again well inspired in Kumbhaka. They should then be received with Pranava. When the mantrams are thus properly received and used they yield fruts like servants.



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Chetan Senguttuvan Himalayan expedition.image

Satavahana Dynasty Gautamiputra Satakarni Satavahavana Dynasty 9600 BC

I have come across the curious reticence of Historians when they write on Indian history.

They are prepared to take as authentic texts/books by Authors from the West,from Plato, Thucydides,Xenophon,Ptolomey, Strabo,Megasthanes,Huan -tsuang,The Bible,Iliad,Odessey,Koran ,they brush aside Indian texts as myths,legends and the works of ancient Indian writers as figment of overworked imagination!

But facts of Indian history are being confirmed by Archeology, Etymology, Cultural cross references,asro dating,Archeoastronomy,Carbon dating,Sea floor movements,Glacial movements,Strata verification , Plate Tectonics ,Cave paintings,and Epigraphs.

Western history,as revealed by these tools,are quite nascent when compared to the Timeline of India.

The earlier western texts can not quote the much more ancient Indian texts because they had no access or even if they had,their knowledge was limited because of their poor understanding of Sanskrit ,Brahmi of various hues and the Ethos of Indian culture.

And nearly all of them miss out sources other than those in Sanskrit.

There was and is Tamil,Kannada,Telugu, Bengali.

These languages are also ancient and they have vast literature.

References found in these sync with what is found in Sanskrit.

Sanskrit and these languages quote each other on historical events.

Thus we find that,

Kannada and Tamil kings took part in the Mahabharata war,

Bengal was over twenty-five Thousand years old,

Varanasi is the oldest continuously inhabited city of the world,


So ,when foreign authors write on Indian history,they record what they have seen and not on what happened earlier in India.

Yet some of them like Strabo,Megasthanes,Huan-tsusang,Fa-hien refer to the antiquity of India.

Strabo and Megasthanes refer to Tamil and Lanka in detail.

The assignment of dates in Indian history now is based nearly wholly on these western sources,and not much on Indian sources.

If one were to devote time to study Indian texts and cross reference them among Sanskrit,Pali,Tamil,Kannada texts and further check with Epigraphs found in Indian temples,real Indian history would emerge.

It stands to reason to trust these multiple sources as they were independent of each other , region wise language wise and the kings of these countries were at war with others at many a times.

The problem arises when the current date assigned to an event in Indian history is way Off the mark by as much as 10,000 years!

Yet, the evidence is compelling.

One such is the the dating of Tamil Chera kings and the Satavahavana dynasties.

Satavahavana dynasty ruled initially from Prathistana,Amravathi and their kingdom encompassed Central India,Andhra, Maharashtra, Karnataka.

They succeeded the Kanva dynasty.

The first king is Simuka.

One of the greatest kings was Gautamiputra Satakarni.

He assisted the Chera King Cheran Senguttuvan.

As Senguttuvan is dated around 9600 BC,Gautamiputra Satakarni and the Satavahavana dynasty may be dated from the present First Century BC to 9600-9500 BC.

Gautamiputra Satakarni coin.image.

Gautamiputra Satakarni coin, Satavahavana.

This declaration by this king happened in the first century CE. This is known from the fact that this king was a friend of Gautamiputra Satakarniwhose time period has been documented. The name Satakarni is “Nootruvar kannar” in Tamil. He provided boats to enable Cheran’s army to cross the Ganges. From there onwards, till their destination in the Himalayas, they had met with some resistance. Silappadhikaram makes a mention that this Cheran king won over the “ill-mouthed Yavanas” before reaching the Himalayas (from where he procured the stone for making the image of Kannagi)..

A cross reference comes from the Nashik inscription on the mother of Gautamiputra Satakarni that her son (Satakarni) subdued Yavanas too besides Shakas and Pahlavas. There is no other reference to when and how he made this happen. But just 2 lines from Silappadhikaram on the Cheran king’s victory over Yavanas give a complete picture of what happened.
In Mahabharata, the Yavanas, Shakas and Pahlavas are grouped together as having kinship among themselves. Their location was in North West India at the base of Himalayas which is in today’s Pakistan or Afghanistan. It is obvious that the stone for making the deity was collected from that part of the Himalayas for which the Cheran army and Satakarni army had gone together. They had faced resistance from the Yavanas and others but successfully overpowered them.
The exact cause for the war with them can be guessed from the Tamil text. It refers to the Yavanas as “ill-mouthed” (van sol). The Yavanas must have hurled abuses at the Cheran king and Satakani which was promptly paid back by them.
This victory has found a mention in the Nashik inscription while it finds a fleeting mention in Silappadhikaram. The absence of reference to Pahlavas and Shakas is due to the fact all Mlecchas were referred to as Yavanas in Tamil texts.



The Satavahana power was revived by Gautamiputra Satakarni, who is considered the greatest of the Satavahana rulers.Charles Higham dates his reign  103 – c. 127 CE. S. Nagaraju dates it 106–130 CE. The king defeated by him appears to have been the Western Kshatrapa ruler Nahapana, as suggested by Nahapana’s coins overstuck with names and titles of Gautamiputra. The Nashik prashasti inscription of Gautamiputra’s mother Gautami Balashri, dated to the 20th year after his death, records his achievements. The most liberal interpretation of the inscription suggests that his kingdom extended from the present-day Rajasthan in the north to Krishna river in the south, and from Saurashtra in the west to Kalinga in the east. He assumed the titles Raja-Raja (King of Kings) and Maharaja (Great King), and was described as the Lord of Vindhya.

During the last years of his reign, his administration was apparently handled by his mother, which could have been a result of an illness or military preoccupation.According to the Nasik inscription made by his mother Gautami Balashri, he was the one …

… who crushed down the pride and conceit of the Kshatriya; who destroyed the Sakas (Western Satraps), Yavanas (Indo-Greeks) and Pahlavas (Indo-Parthians),… who rooted out the Khakharata family (the Kshaharata family of Nahapana); who restored the glory of the Satavahana race.

 Inscription of Queen Mother Gautami Balashri at Cave No.3 of the Pandavleni Caves in Nashik.



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Ancient Tamil Life Expectancy 100 Ptolemy 100 BC

The effirts of Historians to deny the antiquity of India and Tamil are debunked when one reads the Books by Western authors .

Attempts to place Indian texts to dates as close to Christian Era are being met with contrary evidence.

Tamil is generously (!) Dated as 2000 years old.

Even Sangam literature is placed at 300BC or even at 800 AD!

This despite the fact,

Poompuhar,Tamil Nadu is dated 11000 years ago by archeological finds,

Roman colony in Madurai is dated 300 BC

A million year old Tamil site being found near Chennai

I can go on adding.

I have written on the antiquity of Tamil and Sanatana Dharma,Vedas.

The former under ‘Tamil’ category and others under ‘Hinduism’

Tamil kings of yore annexed kingdoms from around the world and they had thriving Naval trade with foreign countries like Greece,Rome.

Roman coins were found near Madurai,Tamil Nadu.

Greek hisorian records that the port of Hipporus on the coast of Sri Lanka was ruled by Tamil King.

A traveler from Rome reached the port through Arabia and leant Tamil.

This was in 70BC!

“Annius Plocamus, a freedman, having farmed the customs of the Red Sea, was, while sailing along the coast of Arabia over fifteen days, driven by contrary winds into Hippuros, a port of Taprobane, where he was entertained with kindly hospitality by the king. In six months’ time he acquired a thorough knowledge of the Tamil language.”

Taprobane is River Tambrabarani,which flows in southern Tamil Nadu even today.

This river flowed about 200 million years ago in. Lemuria.

An embassy of four envoys were sent from the island to Rome, including ambassador-in-chief Rasaiah from the King of Kudiramalai. To the Romans, the Kudiramalai envoys related particulars about their kingdom’s inhabitants, including their common life expectancy of 100 years, their government, a council of thirty persons, free civil liberties and laws pertaining to abuse of sovereign power, their trade with the Seres (Chinese), their festivals surrounding “the chase”, and their delights in the elephant and the tiger. The ambassadors felt their kingdom to be richer than Rome’s, although in their eyes Rome put its wealth to much better use.

-Periplus of the Erythraean Sea

Kudiramalai is now in Sri Lanka.

In earlier times it was a part of Tamils in Lemuria.


On the Gulf of Mannar near Silavaturai, the town shares a history with nearby Karaitivu Island, the ancient port town of Mannar and the Ketheeswaram temple. Kudiramalai is the northernmost point of Puttalam District and was a southern port of Mannar during the classical period, serving the northern kingdoms of the Jaffna Peninsula and Vanni country as one of their southernmost border towns. It is west of Vanni from Trincomalee, home of Koneswaram temple.

Rulers included Alli Raani, Korran, his father (Pittan) and contemporaries, Athiyamān Nedumān Añci and his son Kumanan. Traders brought several horses on watercraft to the island during the Sangam period. The port was known as Hippuros by the ancient Greeks, and was mentioned in Ptolemy’s Periplus of the Erythraean Sea. Archaeological excavations have found that Kudiramalai was inhabited from the first century BCE to the seventh century CE.

Sources and references.



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Sanauli Chariot Find 4000 Years Harappan Horse

The self-styled historians of India seem to a single mission in their life.

However erudite these historians are,which is an epbithet they seem to describe themselves,their dishonesty shows when the come to interpret facts relating to Indian history.

This is not limited to denying the statements made in ancient Indian texts including the Vedas and Puranas.

Despite the facts that,

Ramayana is dated around 5114 CE,

Mahabharata has thirty nine archeological sites which proves the Mahabharatathe,

One Million old Advanced Tamil site being found near Chennai,Tamil Nadu,India,

Poompuhar, Tamil Nadu is dated about twenty thousand years ago,

Tamil sites in Arikkamedu,Adichanallur are dated about 5000 Years old,

Oldest Murugan temple in Pondicherry is dated around 4000 BC,

Dwaraka is dated Thirty thousand years old…

these Scholars go on denying the dates assigned to Sites relating to Indian history!

As if this is not enough,they bring in new theories like the Aryan Invasion theory of India.

This theory is discredited now.

However these doyens take another argument that based on the Horse.

Their contention is that the Horses were brought in by the invading Aryans to India.

( However,they are forced to assign 5000 CE to Rig Veda as they could not prove it to be otherwise)

Also that Horses were not found in Harappa.

Now let me refute.

1. There are Vedic References to the horses.

The Rig Veda reference to Horse.

1. SLIGHT us not Varuṇa, Aryaman, or Mitra, Ṛbhukṣan, Indra, Āyu, or the Maruts,
When we declare amid the congregation the virtues of the strong Steed, God-descended.
2 What time they bear before the Courser, covered with trappings and with wealth, the grasped oblation,
The dappled goat goeth straightforward, bleating, to the place dear to Indra and to Pūṣan.
3 Dear to all Gods, this goat, the share of Pūṣan, is first led forward with the vigorous Courser,
While Tvaṣṭar sends him forward with the Charger, acceptable for sacrifice, to glory.
4 When thrice the men lead round the Steed, in order, who goeth to the Gods as meet oblation,
The goat precedeth him, the share of Pūṣan, and to the Gods the sacrifice announceth.
5 Invoker, ministering priest, atoner, fire-kindler Soma-presser, sage, reciter,
With this well ordered sacrifice, well finished, do ye fill full the channels of the rivers.
6 The hewers of the post and those who carry it, and those who carve the knob to deck the Horse’s stake;
Those who prepare the cooking-vessels for the Steed,—may the approving help of these promote our work.
7 Forth, for the regions of the Gods, the Charger with his smooth back is come my prayer attends him.
In him rejoice the singers and the sages. A good friend have we won for the Gods’ banquet.
8 May the fleet Courser’s halter and his heel-ropes, the head-stall and the girths and cords about him.
And the grass put within his mouth to bait him,—among the Gods, too, let all these be with thee.
9 What part of the Steed’s flesh the fly hath eaten, or is left sticking to the post or hatchet,
Or to the slayer’s hands and nails adhereth,—among the Gods, too, may all this be with thee.
10 Food undigested steaming from his belly, and any odour of raw flesh remaining,
This let the immolators set in order and dress the sacrifice with perfect cooking.
11 What from thy body which with fire is roasted, when thou art set upon the spit, distilleth,
Let not that lie on earth or grass neglected, but to the longing Gods let all be offered.
12 They who observing that the Horse is ready call out and say, the smell is good; remove it;
And, craving meat, await the distribution,—may their approving help promote labour.
13 The trial-fork of the flesh-cooking caldron, the vessels out of which the broth is sprinkled,
The warming-pots, the covers of the dishes, hooks, carving-boards,—all these attend the Charger.
14 The starting-place, his place of rest and rolling, the ropes wherewith the Charger’s feet were fastened,
The water that he drank, the food he tasted,—among the Gods, too, may all these attend thee.
15 Let not the fire, smoke-scented, make thee crackle, nor glowing caldron smell and break to pieces.
Offered, beloved, approved, and consecrated,—such Charger do the Gods accept with favour.
16 The robe they spread upon the Horse to clothe him, the upper covering and the golden trappings,
The halters which restrain the Steed, the heel-ropes,—all these, as grateful to the Gods, they offer.
17 If one, when seated, with excessive urging hath with his heel or with his whip distressed thee,
All these thy woes, as with the oblations’ ladle at sacrifices, with my prayer I banish.
18 The four-and-thirty ribs of the. Swift Charger, kin to the Gods, the slayer’s hatchet pierces.
Cut ye with skill, so that the parts be flawless, and piece by piece declaring them dissect them.
19 Of Tvaṣṭar’s Charger there is one dissector,—this is the custom-two there are who guide him.
Such of his limbs as I divide in order, these, amid the balls, in fire I offer.
20 Let not thy dear soul burn thee as thou comest, let not the hatchet linger in thy body.
Let not a greedy clumsy immolator, missing the joints, mangle thy limbs unduly.
21 No, here thou diest not, thou art not injured: by easy paths unto the Gods thou goest.
Both Bays, both spotted mares are now thy fellows, and to the ass’s pole is yoked the Charger.
22 May this Steed bring us all-sustaining riches, wealth in good kine, good horses, manly offspring.
Freedom from sin may Aditi vouchsafe us: the Steed with our oblations gain us lordship!

Rig Veda Book 1. Chaoter XLXII

Source. Ralph Griffith’s translation of the Rig Veda.


2. Horses are mentioned repeatedly in the Vedas,Puranas referring to them while talking about the Aswamedha yaga,the Horse sacrifice.

3. These ancient texts and ancient Tamil Texts speak of the four types armies.


Gaja, Elephants,

Thuraka,Horse and


Nowhere in the ancient history of the world you would hear about all these being used at the same time.

4.The Ashwin kumara Twins referred to in the Purana,they are referred to as Celestial physicians

5.Hayagreeva God of Wisdom,was cloned with Human and has the face of a Horse.

6. The kings of ancient kingdoms had teaching syllabus for Hirse riding.

7. Charioteering was a specific profession and people were trained.

Sumandhira was the Charioteer of Dasaratha,Father of Lord Rama

Lord Krishna was the Charioteer of Arjuna during the Mahabharatha War.

Salliya was the Charioteer of Karna,during the same War.

Karna was brought up by a Charioteer.

I can keep on adding references.

Yet, Scholars refuse to take these as ,in their opinion,are only legends and are referred in texts only!

What do they expect?

Horses and Chariots used in those ancient days remains standing as proof!

Yet, these same people would accept texts as source for the history of the West.

Now additional evidence on the use of Chariot has been found in a\nn ancient site in India.

The self styled Indologists now say that they are Chariots but they need not have been used with Horses!

Recent discovery of three ‘pre-Iron Age’ carriers in Western Uttar Pradesh has excited the world of ancient history. But equally interesting would be the result of a search: were they horse-ridden?

A week has passed since the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) claimed to have stumbled upon three pre-Iron Age chariots that can challenge the famed Aryan invasion theory, lending sharper focus on to whether it were horses or bulls that pulled these carriers estimated to be from 2000-1800 BC.

The copper remains of the chariots, found inside burial pits in a quiet spot along the Gangetic plains in present-day Western Uttar Pradesh’s Baghpat district, date further back to the Bronze Age. That would mean an antiquity of 4,000 years—and a possible hint at their similarities of what existed during the civilisation in faraway Mesopotamia in Western Asia, according to ASI officials.

The latest round of a three-month-long excavation in Sanauli, 75 km west of Delhi, began in March this year, and has unearthed eight burial remains as well. Out of these, three are coffins, archaeologists reveal. All the burials have pottery kept around the body: big pots near the legs and small bowls close to the head—indicating their lying in northwest direction, reveals Dr Sanjay Kumar Manjul, director of the ASI’s Institute of Archaeology, in charge of the excavation.( https://www.outlookindia.com/website/story/asi-excavated-sanauli-chariots-have-potential-to-challenge-aryan-invasion-theory/312415


More information on Harappan Horse and rebuttal of Indologists (?)

Physical remains of the horse in Indus-Sarasvati sites

Our first surprise is that contrary to conventional assertions, quite a few archaeologists have reported horse remains from India’s prehistoric sites. A. Ghosh’s respected and authoritative Encyclopaedia of Indian Archaeology mentions without fuss:

In India the … true horse is reported from the Neolithic levels at Kodekal [dist. Gulbarga of Karnataka] and Hallur [dist. Raichur of Karnataka] and the late Harappa levels at Mohenjo-daro (Sewell and Guha, 1931) and Ropar and at Harappa, Lothal and numerous other sites. … Recently bones of Equus caballus have also been reported from the proto-Harappa site of
Malvan in Gujarat.1

Mortimer Wheeler, a flamboyant proponent of the Aryan invasion theory if ever there was one, admitted long ago that “it is likely enough that camel, horse and ass were in fact a familiar feature of the Indus caravan.”2 The well- known archaeologist B. B. Lal refers to a number of horse teeth and bones reported from Kalibangan, Ropar, Malvan and Lothal.3 Another senior archaeologist, S. P. Gupta, adds further details on those finds, including early ones.4 In the case of Lothal, the archaeozoologist Bhola Nath certified the identification of a tooth;5 he also made similar observations regarding bones from Mohenjo-daro and Harappa.6

Harappa horse

Remains of Horse,Harappa.

Horse remains,Harappa.

A. K. Sharma’s well-known identification of horse remains (Fig. 1) at Surkotada (in Katchchh) was endorsed by the late Hungarian archaeozoologist Sándor Bökönyi, an internationally respected authority in the field; in 1991, taking care to distinguish them from those of the local wild ass (khur), he confirmed several of them to be “remnants of true horses,”7 and what is more, domesticated horses. In his 1993 report to the Director-General of the Archaeological Survey of India, Bökönyi made no bones about the whole issue:

Through a thorough study of the equid remains of the prehistoric settlement of Surkotada, Kutch, excavated under the direction of Dr. J. P. Joshi, I can state the following: The occurrence of true horse (Equus caballus L.) was evidenced by the enamel pattern of the upper and lower cheek and teeth and by the size and form of incisors and phalanges (toe bones). Since no wild horses lived in India in post-Pleistocene times, the domestic nature of the Surkotada horses is undoubtful. This is also supported by an inter- maxilla fragment whose incisor tooth shows clear signs of crib biting, a bad habit only existing among domestic horses which are not extensively used for war.8

Quite in tune with the findings at Surkotada and Lothal, P. K. Thomas, P. P. Joglekar et al., experts from the Deccan College on faunal remains, reported horse bones from the nearby Harappan site of Shikarpur “in the Mature Harappan period,”9 and from Kuntasi (at the boundary between Kutch and Saurashtra).10

To the Neolithic sites mentioned by A. Ghosh, we must add Koldihwa (in the Belan valley of Allahabad district), where G. R. Sharma et al. identified horse fossils.11 Contemporary with the Harappan period, the culture of the Chambal valley (in Madhya Pradesh) was explored by the respected archaeologist M. K. Dhavalikar, with layers dated between 2450 and 2000 BCE.
His observations are remarkable:

The most interesting is the discovery of bones of horse from the Kayatha levels and a terracotta figurine of a mare. It is the domesticate species (Equus caballus), which takes back the antiquity of the steed in India to the latter half of the third millennium BC. The presence of horse at Kayatha in all the chalcolithic levels assumes great significance in the light of the controversy about the horse.12

Let us stress that just as at Surkotada, the horse at Kayatha was domesticated.

In the face of so many reports from so many sites by so many experts, a blanket denial of the animal’s physical presence in pre-1500 BCE India passes one’s comprehension. Are we to believe that all identifications of horse remains by experts are wrong and misleading? Have scholars rejecting such evidence personally crosschecked even 10% of it? Have they, too, expressed similar doubts about the identification of other animal remains found in the same sites and conditions?

Richard Meadow and Ajita Patel did challenge Sándor Bökönyi’s report to the Archaeological Survey.13 Bökönyi however stuck to his views (although he passed away before he could give his final response), and Meadow and Patel concluded their long plea with the rather weak statement that “… in the end that [Bökönyi’s identification of horse remains at Surkotada] may be a matter of emphasis and opinion.”14 What makes their eagerness to convince Bökönyi to change his mind suspect is that they never challenged Indian experts such as A. K. Sharma, P. K. Thomas or P. P. Joglekar; it was only when Bökönyi endorsed findings on the “Harappan horse” that they got alarmed. Since then, amusingly, their inconclusive paper has been quoted by several Marxist15 historians as the last word on the nonexistence of the horse in the Indus- Sarasvati civilization.16 Even more ironically, when invasionists attempt to trace the introduction of the horse into Europe, they turn to the same Bökönyi!17 His expertise was never in question in Europe, but is unacceptable in India.

The old argument that so-called horse remains invariably belong to species of wild ass such as the onager (Equus hemionus onager), the khur (Equus hemionus khur), or the plain ass (Equus asinus) is unacceptable, firstly because it is sweeping in nature and produces little or no evidence, secondly because in several cases, experts have simultaneously reported remains of the wild ass from the very same sites, which implies some ability to distinguish between those species.18

Depictions of the horse and the spoked wheel

The Harappans certainly built much of their religious symbols around animals, depicting many of them on their seals and tablets, in terracotta figurines, or as pottery motifs. While it is true that the horse does not appear on the Harappan seals (except if we were to accept the conjecture by S. R. Rao26 and a few other scholars that the composite animal represented on thousands of seals as a unicorn actually has a horse’s head), it has been hastily claimed that the animal is never depicted at all.

A horse figurine did emerge at Mohenjo-daro (Fig. 2), which drew the following comment from E. J. H. Mackay, one of the early excavators at the site:

Perhaps the most interesting of the model animals is one that I personally take to represent a horse. I do not think we need be particularly surprised if it should be proved that the horse existed thus early at Mohenjo-daro.27

Horse,Harappa, Archeological Site.

Remains of Horse,Harappa.

Horse in Mohenjo-Daro.

Horse remains are found in Lothal also.

For more check the Link.

Published in the Journal of Indian History and Culture of the C. P. Ramaswami Aiyar Institute of Indological Research, Chennai, September 2006, No.13, pp. 33-59.


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Surinam Named after Krishna Guyana Hidden Western Shore,Hindu Roots Meso Americas

Sanatana Dharma,Hinduism was present in all ancient cultures and civilisations.

It was present in Sumerian,Minoan, Egyptian,Mayan,Inca civilisations.

One can find Archeological, Astronomical,Etymological and cultural evidence to prove this fact.

I have written on Mesoamerican civilisations and their roots in Sanatana Dharma.

What is Meso America?

Mesoamerica is an important historical region and cultural area in the Americas, extending from approximately central Mexico through Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and northern Costa Rica, and within which pre-Columbian societies flourished before the Spanish colonization of the Americas in the 15th and 16th centuries’ (wiki).

Mexico,Aztecs followed Sanatana Dharma,Caste system,Upanayana

Astabhuja ,Eight Armed Devi worshipped in Mexico

Navaratri,Rama Sits Festival in Mexico

Madurai ,India Temple design in Guatemala Chichen Itza

Hindu Temple Ruins in Mexico

Hindus Yaksha city in Mexico.Mayans Tamils

Americas Patala of Hinduism

Mayan Civilization,Shiva’s Earrings,Vishnu Para ,Navagraha

Sage Kasyapa is found in all world cultures.

Temple of Makaratdwaja,son of Hanuman is found in Honduras.

Cameroonians speak Tamil ,a language of India,which is over three thousand years old.

Now more on Meso Americas.

The Hindus of antiquity had an ancient astro-geographical map with four lotus petals pointing in the cardinal directions, called Mt. Meru (the world mountain). The point of the left petal fell on a seaport called Ketumala or Chetumala. Both pronunciations were used. The lower center petal was Jambudvipa (subcontinent India ).

One day, I decided to examine a map of Meso-America in order to find out whether a Chetumala or Ketumala ever existed there. It did not take me long to find out that Chetumal is even now a safe port in what is presently Belize, Central America. (See the illustrations below). The name of this port of Chetumal has never changed in all these thousands of years. According to the available evidence, I knew I had found the Chetumala depicted on the point of the left petal of the Mt. Meru drawing. But the skeptics and so-called ‘historians and mytholigists’ who are dead set against India knowing the truth about herself, for foolish reasons only they can know, insisted that the Central American Chetumal was just a coincidence. What I have never revealed to anyone until now is that the Belize Chetumal is absolutely nothing compared to the total proof you will learn in my upcoming conclusion to this article. However, my life is steadily going to its inevitable end. In order to produce fascinating articles, I have spent too much time writing anti-climaxes, while simultaneously honing my own historical skills to near perfection, building up to the time when the hero finally gets the girl. I must act now while there is still time.

See figures towards the end of the article.

You will notice that just to the left of the Chetumal petal there is a body of water called the Kashyapa Sea . A meaning of Kashyapa is ‘sea turtle; tortoise.’ We now call the Kashyapa Sea the Caribbean Sea . It is commonly known that more sea turtles of different species inhabit Meso–America and Eastern Central America than any other place in the world. One species in the region, the Hawksbill, has always been hunted for its beautiful shell which, for thousands of years, has been used to make fine ornaments. In ancient days, there were uncountable millions of Hawksbills in the Caribbean Sea . Because of centuries of feverish and constant harvesting, the Hawksville population has shrunk to an estimated 22,000 nesting females. Belize itself is a composite Sanskrit word Bala= Facing the East; The Rising Sun. Isha or Isa = God Shiva. Belize indeed faces the east.

But not even this is enough proof for those wanting to keep India hidden under the rug. So now it’s time to reveal something that no rug can ever hide. Chetumala or Ketumala is not the official name of the left petal. It is the official name of the harbor itself. The full territory was called Aparagoyana or just Goyana ( Guyana )! Apara=Western; being in the west of; a bad shore. Guh=concealed; hide; keep secret; a hiding place; filth; etc. Yana=journey; going; moving; riding; a vehicle of any kind; ship, etc. (See ancient Geography of Ayodhya, by Dr. Shyam Narain Pande; p. 8, plus 87 other references listed in the Internet.)

Aparagoyana ( Guyana ) clearly tells us that the Guhyakas and the Rakshasas were being exiled to Guyana because the civilized world was ashamed of them. Today, the name Guyana has shrunk to just the top right half of South America, but a sizable portion of the territory still retains enough of the ancient name of the left petal to let us know that the total region was in no way named Ketu Mal but Apara-Guyana. On the map itself, you will see Guyana as the first nation. The second nation’s name has been changed to Suriname, which is also derived from Sanskrit. Suri is a name of God Krishna. Nama=Named. The third one at the right is French Guiana or French Guyana.

Source. http://viewzone.com/gene.india.html




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Kashmir,Kasyapapura Kaspapyros Kaspeiria 50000 Years Old Mammoth Fossil. Missing

Kashmir, India was the abode of Sage Kasyapa.

It is quite ancient and the origin of the name of Kashmir was from Sage Kasyapa.

In peace, sons bury their fathers. In war, fathers bury their sons.” Greek Philosopher, Herodotus” On Kashmir.

One of the neanings of the Sanskrit word Kasyapa is Turtle.

The Turtle name figures in ancient legends in connection with Earth and it is stated that the Earth is on the back of the Turtle.

The Eight Mammoths,Elephants support the Earth, one each for one direction, according to Hindu Puranas.

Sage Kasyapa is one of the Seven Seers,who transcend Time and live even after the Dissolution of the Universe,Pralaya.

These seven Seers change fir Each Manvantara,A Time Scale of Hinduism,which runs into thiusands of years.

For details on Seven Seers,Saptha Rishis and Manvantara, please read my articles on these.

Kasyapa is found in world legends,and is not restricted to India.

Caspian Sea is named after him, Kashyap Sagar.

He is also found in Europe,and Newzealand.

Kaśyapa, alternatively kacchapa, means “turtle” in Sanskrit. According to Michael Witzel, it is related to Avestan kasiiapa, Sogdian kyšph, New Persian kašaf, kaš(a)p which mean “tortoise”, after which Kashaf Rūd or a river in Turkmenistan and Khorasan is named. Others trace it to Tokarian Bkaccāp (“brainpan”), Polish kacap (czerep, “brainpan”, “hardliner”), Tokarian A kāccap (“turtle”, “tortoise)’

..n some Puranas, Kashyapa is said to have drained the Kashmir valley to make it inhabitable. Some interpret this legend to parallel the legend of Buddhist Manjushri draining Nepal and Tibet, wherein the “draining” is an allegory for teaching ideas and doctrines, removing stagnant waters of ignorance and extending learning and civilization into the valley. The Sindh city Multan (now in Pakistan), also called Mulasthana, has been interpreted alternatively as Kashyapapura in some stories after Kashyapa. Yet another interpretation has been to associate Kashyapa as River Indus in the Sindh region. However, these interpretations and the links of Multan as Kashyapapura to Kashmir have been questioned.



Kashmir name.

The Sanskrit word for Kashmir was káśmīra. The Nilamata Purana describes the Valley’s origin from the waters, a lake called Sati-saras.A popular, but uncertain, local etymology of Kashmira is that it is land desiccated from water.

An alternative, but also uncertain, etymology derives the name from the name of the sage Kashyapa who is believed to have settled people in this land. Accordingly, Kashmir would be derived from either kashyapa-mir (Kashyapa’s Lake) or kashyapa-meru (Kashyapa’s Mountain)..

In the Rajatarangini, a history of Kashmirwritten by Kalhana in the mid-12th century, it is stated that the valley of Kashmir was formerly a lake. According to Hindumythology, the lake was drained by the great rishi or sage, Kashyapa, son of Marichi, son of Brahma, by cutting the gap in the hills at Baramulla (Varaha-mula).When Kashmir had been drained, Kashyapa asked Brahmins to settle there. This is still the local tradition, and in the existing physical condition of the country, we may see some ground for the story which has taken this form.The name of Kashyapa is by history and tradition connected with the draining of the lake, and the chief town or collection of dwellings in the valley was called Kashyapa-pura, which has been identified with Kaspapyros of Hecataeus (apud Stephanus of Byzantium) and Kaspatyros of Herodotus (3.102, 4.44).Kashmir is also believed to be the country meant by Ptolemy‘s Kaspeiria...

The earlier researches traced the History of Kashmir to 3920 CE based on archeological site ubearthed.

Earliest Neolithic sites in the flood plains of Kashmir valley are dated to c. 3000 BCE. Most important of these sites are the settlements at Burzahom, which had two Neolithic and one Megalithic phases. First phase (c. 2920 BCE) at Burzahom is marked by mud plastered pit dwellings, coarse pottery and stone tools.

However the fossil find of a Mammoth is dated around fifty thousand years ago.

Indian geologists say they have unearthed the 50,000-year-old fossil of an elephant in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

The fossil was discovered in a field of saffron at Gallander, east of Srinagar, the state’s summer capital, by geology students who immediately called in experts.

The geologists say this indicates that Kashmir, situated on the edge of the Himalayas, had a warm climate several thousand years ago.

The find consists of a skull measuring 5ft by 4ft (1.5m by 1.2m) with complete lower and upper jaws, a broken tusk measuring and a vertebra...

Hence it may be deduced that Kashmir is about 59,000 Years old.




. In Kashmir, the valley of Kashmir, it appears it was many years
ago a lake. Now, there is an ancient Sanskrit manuscript that tells of
a lake that existed in that area, so that account is there in some ancient
writings. Now, according to modern geological reporting, about 40,000
years ago Kashmir was indeed a lake in the valley of Kashmir in northern
India. It was covered by a huge lake and it was blocked on the southern
end by a little range of mountains. And at a certain point, something
happened and it broke open and the lake drained out. That happened
about 40,000 to 50,000 years ago. So, it is interesting that you’ve got
this ancient historical record that talks about this lake. And if it is to be
taken literally, then it means that somebody must have seen this lake
as it existed 50,000 years ago and wrote about it.”


Fossil missing!

In 2007, the mammoth was “secretly” removed from its makeshift tin shed at the excavation site and shifted to University of Jammu. The fossil had become a bone of contention between Universities of Kashmir and Jammu, with former accusing latter of “clandestinely” shifting it without their knowledge in 2007.

For several years, the mammoth skull with complete lower and upper jaws and a broken tusk was gathering dust in corridor of the Jammu University’s Geology department. The fossil was later shifted to newly set up Wadia Museum of natural history in the varsity.


was shocked to learn from the Jammu University authorities that the mammoth is not there,” said Khalid Bashir Ahmad, a former KAS officer who retired as secretary Cultural Academy.

Bashir said during his research for a write up, he had sought information on the mammoth from Jammu University through an RTI application on November 22, 2017.

Bashir said he had asked for details about how the fossil reached Jammu University. “I had also sought information on the action taken against the person who removed it from Galandhar since his act was unauthorized and illegal,


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Nataraja,Shiva In Orion Constellation, Cave Arts As Hunter Kratha Shiva

All civilizations have references to Celestial phenomena.

The refer constellations,Milky way or some Zodiac signs.

The Zodiac signs are alluded to Legends, Mythology and faith systems of a particular race or civilization.

Some researchers have linked these concepts to UFO,Aliens, Ancient Space Technology.

Thus we find sculptures, Petroglyphs ((Rock Art) Cave paintings of ancient sites unearthed.

We have the Nazca Lines,Peru, Stonehenge in UK ,Cave arts in France, Germany,Tibet, Romania, Australia and in Karnataka,Tamil Nadu and other parts of India.

We do find sculptures of this type in many temples of India,where one can find Astronaut costumes,UFO like sculptures.

And unique to Hinduism is the fact that every event is marked ,referred to and linked to Celestial phenomenon.

And many temples were built, aligned to Cosmic presence or constellations.

These temples,or some of them are linked to Earth’s features like its Geomagnetic activity ot its centre.

Gods in Hinduism are linked to celestial events..

Vishnu’s foot print in sky,

Vishnu’s Discus as Andromeda Galaxy,

‘ I am producing information on Eight Shiva Temples of Shiva.

They are located in the same Longitude,

79* 41.


Nataraja temple,Chidambaram,Tamil Nadu,which is designed after Orion Constellation’s Supernova explosion.

There is Empty Space in the enclosure adjacent to Nataraja idol in the temple.

Aarthi is performed to this Space after an Aarthi is offered to Nataraja.

This empty Space reflects the Abstract principle Brahman, the Reality.

Researches have been conducted on this temple on various aspects, its construction, Roof, Pillars, Magnetic Radiation,

Natarja’s Big Toe is presumed to represent the center of the universe.

It is also stated that Lord Nataraja ‘s big toe is the Centre Point of World ‘s Magnetic Equator.

Chidambaram ,Kanchipuram and Sri Kalahasti lie in a straight line at 79* 41 East Longitude…

Nataraja Temple Chidambaram represents Supernova Explosion 1054 AD

Now evidence has come to light that this Hunter Constellation,Orion,is found in the Petroglyphs in Tamil Nadu, especially in Narthamalai,Dindigul District,Tamil Nadu,India.

These are found elsewhere in India.

Will be writing on this.

It is curious to note that Shiva legends in some form or other is present in all world civilizations.

The Nazca Lines of Peru looks like Shiva’s Trishul.

It also seems to be OM in Tamil Brahmi Script.

Orion Constellation resembles Hunter.

Lord Shiva is called Kratha,The Hunter and the only temple of Shiva as Kratha,The Hunter is in Kerala,India.

This temple is for the son of Shiva.

After Lord Shiva granted the Pasupatha Astra to Arjuna, Lor Shiva and Parvathy had a son.

He is worshiped as Vettukorumakan in Kerala and some parts of Tamil Nadu.

Vettukorumakan, means son of Hunter.


When one finds these references around the world, the Shiva presence around the world is more than a coincidence.
And we have the Petroglyphs!
The Orion is a prominent Constellation located in the celestial equator and visible in the entire world. It is one of the most commonly visible and recognizable constellation.

The distinctive pattern of Orion has been recognized in numerous cultures around the world, and many myths have been associated with it. It has also been used as a symbol in the modern world.
At Narthamalai there is a Pictograph of a Hunter and other Pictographs of three different human figures as single group are drawn in white color. It is drawn on celling of the Shelter, which is underneath of a hill known as Aalurutimalai.
Narthamalai is located at 10.51 degree N and 78.76 degree E. The Orion is clearly visible in the night sky from December to June,and it will raise at different location from east to west an altitude of + or – 10 degree with refer to celestial equator.
The Orion Constellation



Figure -1

Figure -1 has to be compared with, “One of the most splendid of all constellations in sky is Orion, the Hunter (Kaalpurusha)*. Visible in the night sky all through the winter months, it is one of the easiest to identify. Its seven main stars, two of which are the first magnitude, make up the distinctive figure of a man the hunter wielding a club in his right hand and a shield in his left hand. He has a sword hanging from his belt.” (* BimanBasu, The joy of star watching; 1999, Published by National book trust, India. P. 36.)


The seven figures are found in a rock art drawn in black color in Kozhiyuthu, near Palani, Dindigul district, Tamil Nadu, India.
Figure -2 has to be compared with “One of the symbol of Jainism* is a standing human figure with both hands rested on the hip”.
(Thanks to : *The 18th Century A.D., Jaina diagram of Puruuskarayantra- Philip Rawson, The art of Tantra, 1973-1978, published by Oxford University Press, New york and Toronto, ps. 152-153)
Figures – 3 and 4
The figures-3 and 4 is appears to be representing the hunter. Figure -3 is the Mrigasirus or Lambda Orionis which marks the hunter’s head as an animal.
The word “Orion” is appears to be originated from a Tamil Word “Orai”. According to ancient time measurement – 2.5 naligai is equal to one Orai *. The Naligai and Oraiare the unit of time measurement of time “Kaal or Kalam”. (*Ramalingagurukal, JothitagrahaChindamani(Periyavarushathinool, 2000, published by B.RathinaNayakar and sons, Chennai.79, p. 5)
Time Measurements*
2 Kannimai = 1 Nodi (Kai Nodi)
2 Kai Nodi = 1 Maattirai


Mattirai = 1 Guru


Guru = 1 Uyir


Uyir = 1 sanigam


2 Sanigam = 1 Vinadi


0 Vinadi = 1 Naaligai


.5 Naaligai = 1 Orai (Hour)


.75 Naligai = 1 Muhuurtham


Muhuurtham = 1 Caamam


Caamam = 1 Poludu


Poludu = 1 Naal (day)


5 Naal = 1 Pakkam


Pakkam = 1 Maadam (month)


Maadam = 1 Ayanam


Ayanam = 1 Aandu (year)


0 Aandu = 1 Vattam (Circle)


Tamil EluthiyalPairchi” – Dr.K.Balasubramanian, Published by Sarasvathi Mahal Library, Tanjavur. P. 19.

For more,Measurements Hinduism Tamil in this site

omments of Gary A David
“I am the Author of “The Orion Zone” and four more books on Archaeo-Astronomy, concentrating on the southwestern area of the United States. I have also have been featured on international radio interviews and on U.S. television programs.
Since 1997, I have studied Orion and various man-made structures and Rock Art that represent this Constellation. All over the globe, Orion- pattern in the sky is frequently reproduced by certain megalithic constructions on the ground. (Mega- means “large” and lithic means “stone.”) In essence, the earth structures mirror the pattern in the sky.
In addition, the rising and setting of Orion- stars are sometimes lined up with certain astronomical markers. Various cultural sites in Peru, Mesoamerica, North America, Great Britain, Ireland, Europe, Africa, and Egypt, along with other locations across the world, concentrate on this particular constellation with an archetypal intensity.
Now we have a solid proof of the “Orion archetype” found in the pictographs (rock paintings) of Narthamalai, Tamil Nadu, dated to 1500 BC or earlier. Painted in white, a human figure is seen with the typical upraised right arm as well as the left arm holding either a shield or club or spear. Associated with this figure is a representation of two triangles with their apexes touching.
This type of figure is also found in Rock Art of the Americas and Africa. In North America it signifies warfare between Native American tribes. For the Igbo tribe of Nigeria it signifies the Great Mother Goddess called Mbari. In India this double-triangle may represent the Female- Male complex. It may also represent the ‘hurglass drum’or ‘dumroo’,a two-headedsacred drum of Lord Shiva.

Source for Block Quote.

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Akasa,Cloud Application of The Universe.

Indian philosophy describes the Evolution of the Universe in Vedas.
Vedas are the basic scriptures of Hinduism.
The texts of the Vedas lend themselves to three meanings at least.
Interpretation depends on one’s understanding of Sanskrit.
First is the literal translation.
The next is a scientific explanation or Truth.
The Third is the Philosophical explanation.
It is the core thought of Hinduism that,
The Reality is A Principle,
It is beyond Attributes,
It evolves into the world of Names and Forms,
The physical world is illusory and Real,both at the same time,
One can Realize It,called Brahman, by efforts.
While describing how the world comes into being, Hinduism explains thus.
First there was Reality,
It ,because of Nescience,Maya,got diversified,
It had Ahankaara,the feeling of ‘I’
Out of this came Mahat,the fundamental principle of the physical world.
This Mahat is constituted of three dispositions.
They are,
Sattva,serene,detached,learned and wise,
Rajas,the active, emotional,involved, and
Tamas,the full,inert,inert,ignorant.
One is a mixture of these Dispositions.
Because of these, arose the five underlying principles of Perception,namely,seeing,hearing, speaking,Smelling and the sense of touch.

From this came the Five organs of Knowledge.

The knowledge of Seeing,touching etc

Then evolved the Five organs of actions,

That is the Act of Seeing, Touching etc.

This is different from the knowledge of Seeing.

This description is for the individual.

For the Universal level.

From Akasa,Vayu,Air,

Vayu to Agni, Fire

Agni to Water,Aapa,

Water to Earth,Prithvi,

Earth to Plants,herbs,Aushada.

‘Aakasaath Vayu,

Vayoor Agni,

Agne Aapaha,

Athyap Prithvi,

Prithvyaa Ooshadayaha’

Dwitheeteeya Prasna,Sikshavalli,Taittriya Upanishad.

The term Akasa is translated as Ether,Space.

Both fall short of conveying the full import of the term ‘Akasa’

Akasa is subtle and is the core of Vayu,air and Air springs forth from it.

Akasa is the repository of Sound,Vibration.

In Indian philosophy,sound is the fundamental principle.

All elements Spring from it.

The formation of speech has three levels.

Concept level,

Formation from Concept into Language,

Communicating through Language.

The First is Gayatri,

The next is Savitri,when thoughts lie dormant awaiting to be transformed into Language and

Communication,through Language, Saraswathi.

We grab sounds from the Universe and express in a unique way shaped by our Dispositions,Guna.

At the Macro level all elements lie dormant and can be traced back to Akasa.

Everything, including the Human body and the Universe.

They draw out from Akasa as we download from Cloud through Apps.

Akasa is the Cloud Storage of the Universe.

Some salient features of Akasa.

It is Void.

It is devoid of Directions.

This is illustrated in the Natarja Temple,Chidambaram,Tamil Nadu.

This is expressed in the sanctum of Chidambaram Nataraja

While on this, I came across an article that states that Akasa principle is Sumerian!

Yet another proof that Hinduism influenced Sumerian civilization.

Perhaps the person we need to turn to when speaking about the Akasha or ether is a man whose importance has not been truly appreciated: Nikola Tesla—a genius polymath, inventorand a mechanical and electrical engineer.
In an interview dubbed Man’s Greatest Achievement, Nikola Tesla said: “All perceptible matter comes from a primary substance, or tenuity beyond conception, filling all space, the Akasha or luminiferous ether, which is acted upon by the life-giving Prana or creative force, calling into existence, in never-ending cycles all things and phenomena.”However, even before Nikola Tesla, philosophers and ancient scholars wondered whether the so-called ether existed.If we take a look at the ‘Indian Travels of Apollonius of Tyana,’ we will find further mention of the so-called ether.If we take a look at ancient Hinduism, Akash is the fifth of the ‘five great elements’:prthivi (earth)apa (water)agni (fire)vaiu (air)akashá (ether)

“And they allowed Apollonius to ask questions; and he asked them of what they thought the cosmos was composed”;but they replied; “Of elements.”…Are there then four?” he asked. “Not four,” said Larchas, “but five.”“And how can there be a fifth,” said Apollonius, “alongside water and air and earth and fire?”“There is the ether,” replied the other, “which we must regard as the stuff of which gods are made; for just as all mortal creatures inhale the wire, so do immortal and divine natures inhale the ether.”“Am I,” said Apollonius, “to regard the universe as a living creature?” “Yes,” answered the other.So what are the Akashic Records?Alice A. Bailey wrote in her book Light of the Soul on The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali – Book 3 – Union achieved and its Results (1927):The akashic record is like an immense photographic film, registering all the desires and earth experiences of our planet. Those who perceive it will see pictured thereon: The life experiences of every human being since time began, the reactions to experience of the entire animal kingdom, the aggregation of the thought-forms of a karmic nature (based on desire) of every human unit throughout time. Herein lies the great deception of the records. Only a trained occultist can distinguish between actual experience and those astral pictures created by imagination and keen desire.The meaning of Akashic records can be summed up as the ‘data’ that in theory exists in a single place, in a non-physical way, outside of time and space.In these, records we can discover the absolute knowledge and experience of our soul; almost as if it were part of a supercomputer of cosmic information where our past lives, the present and future possibilities (forming part of the theory of reincarnation), as well as the sense of our existence, reside.

Reference and citation.


Naivedya Prarthana Pradakshina Ahuthi in Pre Islamic Arabia

I have written on the religious practices in Kaaba are similar to what is practiced in sanatana dharma, Hinduism.

Vedic practices in Islam ,Kaaba

Pre Islamic society borrowed the conceptsl of Hinduism either directly or through the Hitties/Sumeria.

Prophet had destroyed 360 Idols in Kaaba.

There were four Major Deities.



Al-Uzza and


(Will be writing on these Deities)

Ghazni invaded and destroyed Somnath temple, believing that a an idol of Manat was spirited away to Somnath temple,India.

I am quoting from Islamic source.

My comments are in Itlalics..

Some features of their worship of idols were:
Self-devotion to the idols, seeking refuge with them, acclamation of their names, calling for their help in hardship, and supplication to them for fulfillment of wishes, hopefully that the idols (i.e., heathen gods) would mediate with Allâh for the fulfillment of people’s wishes.

Performing pilgrimage to the idols, circumrotation round them, self-abasement and even prostrating themselves before them.

This is Theertha yatra,pradakshina and prarthana of Hinduism.

Seeking favour of idols through various kinds of sacrifices and immolation.


Consecration of certain portions of food, drink, cattle, and crops to idols. Surprisingly enough, portions were also consecrated to Allâh Himself, but people often found reasons to transfer parts of Allâh’s portion to idols, but never did the opposite. To this effect, the Qur’ânic verses go:

This is Naivedya and offering Aahuthi.

“And they assign to Allâh a share of the tilth and cattle which He has created, and they say: ‘This is for Allâh according to their pretending, and this is for our (Allâh’s so-called) partners.’ But the share of their (Allâh’s so-called) ‘partners’, reaches not Allâh, while the share of Allâh reaches their (Allâh’s so-called) ‘partners’. Evil is the way they judge.” [6:136]

Carrying favours with these idols through votive offerings of crops and cattle, to which effect, the Qur’ân goes:

Hinduism offers cattle to deities even today.

Dedication of certain animals (such as Bahira, Sa’iba, Wasila and Hami) to idols, which meant sparing such animals from useful work for the sake of these heathen gods. Bahira, as reported by the well-known historian, Ibn Ish, was daughter of Sa’iba which was a female camel that gave birth to ten successive female animals, but no male ones, was set free and forbidden to yoke, burden or being sheared off its wool, or milked (but for guests to drink from); and so was done to all her female offspring which were given the name ‘Bahira’, after having their ears slit. The Wasila was a female sheep which had ten successive female daughters in five pregnancies. Any new births from this Wasila were assigned only for male people. The Hami was a male camel which produced ten progressive females, and was thus similarly forbidden.


The Arabs believed that such idols, or heathen gods, would bring them nearer to Allâh, lead them to Him, and mediate with Him for their sake, to which effect, the Qur’ân goes:

“We worship them only that they may bring us near to Allâh.” [39:3], and

“And they worship besides Allâh things that hurt them not, nor profit them, and they say: These are our intercessors with Allâh.” [10:18]

in whatever Form you worship, all come to me
-Bhagavad Gita.
Akasaath pathitham ……sloka states,
Just as water,whatever be its form,rivers,rivulets,rain…reaches the Ocean finally,whatever Gods/Forms you worship ,all of them reach Me…Krishna.
This is recited thrice everyday by Brahmins while performing Sandhya vandana.

Another divinatory tradition among the Arabs was casting of Azlam (i.e. featherless arrows which were of three kinds: one showing ‘yes’, another ‘no’ and a third was blank) which they used to do in case of serious matters like travel, marriage and the like. If the lot showed ‘yes’, they would do, if ‘no’, they would delay for the next year. Other kinds of Azlam were cast for water, blood-money or showed ‘from you’, ‘not from you’, or ‘Mulsaq’ (consociated). In cases of doubt in filiation they would resort to the idol of Hubal, with a hundred-camel gift, for the arrow caster. Only the arrows would then decide the sort of relationship.If the arrow showed (from you), then it was decided that the child belonged to the tribe; if it showed (from others), he would then be regarded as an ally, but if (consociated) appeared, the person would retain his position but with no lineage or alliance contract.

This was very much like gambling and arrow-shafting whereby they used to divide the meat of the camels they slaughtered according to this tradition.

Moreover, they used to have a deep conviction in the tidings of soothsayers, diviners and astrologers. A soothsayer used to traffic in the business of foretelling future events and claim knowledge of private secrets and having jinn subordinates who would communicate the news to him. Some soothsayers claimed that they could uncover the unknown by means of a granted power, while other diviners boasted they could divulge the secrets through a cause-and-effect-inductive process that would lead to detecting a stolen commodity, location of a theft, a stray animal, and the like. The astrologer belonged to a third category who used to observe the stars and calculate their movements and orbits whereby he would foretell the future. Lending credence to this news constituted a clue to their conviction that attached special significance to the movements of particular stars with regard to rainfall.

The belief in signs as betokening future events, was, of course common among the Arabians. Some days and months and particular animals were regarded as ominous. They also believed that the soul of a murdered person would fly in the wilderness and would never rest at rest until revenge was taken. Superstition was rampant. Should a deer or bird, when released, turn right then what they embarked on would be regarded auspicious, otherwise they would get pessimistic and withhold from pursuing it.

This is Prasna,Naimithika and Arul vaaku

People of pre-Islamic period, whilst believing in superstition, they still retained some of the Abrahamic traditions such as devotion to the Holy Sanctuary, circumambulation, observance of pilgrimage, the vigil on ‘Arafah and offering sacrifices, all of these were observed fully despite some innovations that adulterated these holy rituals. Quraish, for example, out of arrogance, feeling of superiority to other tribes and pride in their custodianship of the Sacred House, would refrain from going to ‘Arafah with the crowd, instead they would stop short at Muzdalifah. The Noble Qur’ân rebuked and told them:

“Then depart from the place whence all the people depart.” [2:199]

Another heresy, deeply established in their social tradition, dictated that they would not eat dried yoghurt or cooked fat, nor would they enter a tent made of camel hair or seek shade unless in a house of adobe bricks, so long as they were committed to the intention of pilgrimage. They also, out of a deeply-rooted misconception, denied pilgrims, other than Makkans, access to the food they had brought when they wanted to make pilgrimage or lesser pilgrimage.

They ordered pilgrims coming from outside Makkah to circumambulate Al-Ka‘bah in Quraish uniform clothes, but if they could not afford them, men were to do so in a state of nudity, and women with only some piece of cloth to hide their groins’

This portion reminds me of Tantra ,Kaaplika worship of Shiva, Shakti.

Reference and citation.

Featured post

Brahmins’Eat From Produce from Unowned Property’ Brahmin Lifestyle Mahabharata

The definition of a Brahmin , a community of India which is ordained by the scriptures to realize the Self,spend entire lifetime learning the Vedas, teaching people of suitable disposition,perform Fire Rites,do the same for others,nevert others and never save for the morrow,is one ‘who realized the Self’

“Adhyaapanam Adhyayanam

Yajanam Yaajanam Tathaa

Daanam Pratigraham Chaiva


Adyayanam-Pracctice of reciting the Vedas, with meaning.


I have written on,

Who a Brahmin is and his duties,

History of Brahmins,

Their migration throughout the world,

Their Lineages.

The important question of what he should eat specifically and whether he should learn only the spritual aspects of the Vedas(Vedangas,a part or limb of the Vedas contain mundane subjects including the Art of Warfare), I have not been able to find.

Excepting the facts that,

He should eat food begotten by Alms,

He must refrain from Non Vegetarian food,

Should not drink,

Not covet other’s property,Aparigraha,

Pray for the welfare of the people,

Must not demand money for services save for what is offered to him.

Yet we find that Brahmins were eating Non vegetarian food,some do even now,

Were drinking till the time when Rishi Aurava/Sukracharya) forbade it ,

Demand Dakshina,Fees for services rendered.

I am now able to find authority on what a Brahmin should eat and what his Life style should be from Mahabharata Yaksha Prasna,where Yudhistra replies to a Yaksha.

A Brahmin should eat on the fifth quarter of the day,

Never rich food,

Live near the banks of Rivers,

Eat vegetables,fruits and Roots grown in a property which is not owned by anyone.

He should know all subjects but practice only spirituality.

The Brahmin has to wake up at four in the morning and bathe in cold water, rain or shine, warm or cold. Then, without a break, he has to perform one rite after another: sandhyavandana, Brahmayajna, aupasana, puja, vaisvadeva and one of the 21 sacrifices. If you sit before sacrificial fire for four days you will realise how difficult it is with all the heat and smoke. How many are the vows and the fasts the Brahmin has to keep and how many are the ritual baths….

…. Other castes do not have to go through such hardships. A Brahmin cannot eat “cold rice”in the morning like a peasant – he has no “right” to it. The dharmasastras are not created for his convenience or benefit, nor to ensure that he has a comfortable life. He would not have otherwise imposed on himself the performance of so many rites and a life of such rigorous discipline. When he has his daytime meal it will be 1 or 2. (On the day of a sraddha it will be three or four). This is the time the peasant will have his rest after his meal under a tree out in the field where he works. And the Brahmin’s meal, mind you, is as simple as the peasant’s. There is no difference between the humble dwelling of the peasant and that of the Brahmin. Both alike wear cotton. The peasant may save money for the future but not the Brahmin. He has no right either to borrow money or to live in style. …

In the “Yaksa-prasna” of the Mahabharata the simple life of Brahmin is referred to:

pancame’ hani saste va sakam pacati svegrhe
Anrni ca’ pravasi ca sa varicara modate

If daytime is divided into eight parts, the Brahmin may have his food only in the fifth or sixth part after performing all his rites. Before that he has neither any breakfast nor any snacks. And what does he eat? Not any rich food, no sweets like almonds crushed in sweetened milk. “Sakam pacati” – the Brahmin eats leafy vegetables growing on the banks of rivers, such areas being no one’s property. Why is he asked to live by the river side? It is for his frequent baths and for the leafy vegetables growing free there and for which he does not have to beg. He should not borrow money: that is the meaning of the word “anrni”, because if he developed the habit of borrowing he would be tempted to lead a life of luxury. Poverty and non-acquisitiveness (aparigraha) are his ideals. A Brahmin ought not to keep even a blade of grass in excess of his needs. …

The Brahmin must be conversant with the fourteen branches of the Vedic lore. He must be proficient even in Gandharva-veda or music and must be acquainted with agricultural science, construction of houses, etc. At the same time he must give instructions in these subjects to pupils from the appropriate castes. His own vocation is the study of the Vedas and he must have no other source of income. …

If the Brahmin is asked, “Do you know to wield a knife? ” he must be able to answer, “Yes, I know”. If he is asked, “Do you know to draw and paint” again he must (be able to) say, “Yes”. But he cannot wield a knife or become an artist to earn his livelihood. All he can do is to learn these arts and teach others the same according to their caste. He is permitted to receive a daksina to maintain himself and he must be contented with it however small the sum may be. The Brahmin’s specialty is his true vocation is Vedic learning.

… The goal of Vedic works is the happiness of all mankind, indeed the happiness of all the worlds (“Lokah samastah sukino bhavanthu”). The sound of the Vedas creates universal well-being, so too Vedic sacrifices. … Brahmins would be committing a sin if they gave up Vedic rituals and earned money by doing other types of work.

Kanchi Paramacharya quoting Yaksha Prasna

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Abraham Descendant Of Indian Kashmiri Brahmins Kaul

There are a lot of similarities between Judaism,Jews and Hinduism and Brahmins.

The Brahmins of India are a Priestly Class,advisors to Kings and the Devout Jews are King among Priests.

The Nondualistic Concept,Advaitha is found in the Vedas.

Swasthika,a Hindu Symbol of Auspiciousness is found in Judaism.
The so-called Jewish Star which is the emblem of the Jews is a Tantric, Vedic symbol. It consists of two, interlocked triangles with the apex of one facing North and the other South. This symbol is drawn in front of every
orthodox Hindu home in stone-powder design every morning after the house is washed. The desing/drawing is known as Rangawali alias Rongoli. Even its name David is the Sanskrit word Devi, i.e., ” bestowed by the Mother
Goddess.” The so-called Humayun tomb building in Delhi, which was a Goddess temple, is inlaid with those emblems on the exterior, upper portions of its walls.

Manu is Noah Yayati Yahuda
1000 years before the Hebrews arrived in Israel, the Cannanites erected a temple to worship the god on the hill now known as the Hill of the Nativity in the town of Beit Lachama. Beit Lachama was fertile and had a good water supply. When the Jews came in they would naturally not worship the Canan god Lachma and the distortion of interpretations began.

Lakshmi Pre Jewish Canaanite God

‘One of the major triumphs of modern archaeology was the hair-raising discoveries of Sir Leonard Woolley at Ur. Amidst the ruins of Ur, he unearthed a Ram-chapel but totally missed its relevance in world history. This crucial finding not only bridges the wide gaps between Indian tradition and archaeology but also unfolds the historic bonds that once united ancient India, Iran and Sumer. Ram-Sin of (Larsa) to whose memory this chapel was dedicated must have been Rama of Valmiki. The name Ararama of Larsa may be an echo of Rama. This Ram-Chapel of Ur is the earliest known memorial to the great Rama and may have been erected by Dilmun merchants who resided nearby. Dilmun was always mentioned in the Sumerian texts together with Magan and Melukkha and it is possible that these three states were somehow allied to each other.’

Rama’s Chapel Iraq

There is information that Abraham,common to Judaism,Christianity and Islam seems to have descended from Kauls,A Brahmin sub group from Kashmir.

I have written on the origin of Bacterian Kingdom from Bharatavarsha.

People of what is now called Russia are from the Uttarakuru region of Bharatavarsha and they were from the Kuru Dynasty.

The Kauls hail from Kashmir and Kashmir is named after Sage Kasyapa, Saptharishi.

They were/are worshippers of Shiva and Devi(Shakti)

In his History of the Jews, the Jewish scholar and theologian Flavius Josephus (37 – 100 A.D.), wrote that the Greek philosopher Aristotle had said: “…These Jews are derived from the Indian philosophers; they are named by the Indians Calani.” (Book I:22.)

Clearchus of Soli wrote, “The Jews descend from the philosophers of India. The philosophers are called in India Calanians and in Syria Jews. The name of their capital is very difficult to pronounce. It is called ‘Jerusalem.'”

“Megasthenes, who was sent to India by Seleucus Nicator, about three hundred years before Christ, and whose accounts from new inquiries are every day acquiring additional credit, says that the Jews ‘were an Indian tribe or sect called Kalani…'” (Anacalypsis, by Godfrey Higgins, Vol. I; p. 400.)

Martin Haug, Ph.D., wrote in The Sacred Language, Writings, and Religions of the Parsis, “The Magi are said to have called their religion Kesh-î-Ibrahim.They traced their religious books to Abraham, who was believed to have brought them from heaven.” (p. 16.)


In his book Moisés y los Extraterrestres, Mexican author Tomás Doreste states,

Voltaire was of the opinion that Abraham descended from some of the numerous Brahman priests who left India to spread their teachings throughout the world; and in support of his thesis he presented the following elements: the similarity of names and the fact that the city of Ur, land of the patriarchs, was near the border of Persia, the road to India, where that Brahman had been born.

The name of Brahma was highly respected in India, and his influence spread throughout Persia as far as the lands bathed by the rivers Euphrates and Tigris. The Persians adopted Brahma and made him their own. Later they would say that the God arrived from Bactria, a mountainous region situated midway on the road to India. (pp. 46-47.)

Bactria (a region of ancient Afghanistan) was the locality of a prototypical Jewish nation called Juhuda or Jaguda, also called Ur-Jaguda. Ur meant “place or town.” Therefore, the bible was correct in stating that Abraham came from “Ur of the Chaldeans.” “Chaldean,” more correctly Kaul-Deva (Holy Kauls), was not the name of a specific ethnicity but the title of an ancient Hindu Brahmanical priestly caste who lived in what are now Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Indian state of Kashmir.

“The tribe of Ioud or the Brahmin Abraham, was expelled from or left the Maturea of the kingdom of Oude in India and, settling in Goshen, or the house of the Sun or Heliopolis in Egypt, gave it the name of the place which they had left in India, Maturea.” (Anacalypsis; Vol. I, p. 405.)

“He was of the religion or sect of Persia, and of Melchizedek.”(Vol. I, p. 364.)

“The Persians also claim Ibrahim, i.e. Abraham, for their founder, as well as the Jews. Thus we see that according to all ancient history the Persians, the Jews, and the Arabians are descendants of Abraham.(p.85) …We are told that Terah, the father of Abraham, originally came from an Eastern country called Ur, of the Chaldees or Culdees, to dwell in a district called Mesopotamia. Some time after he had dwelt there, Abraham, or Abram, or Brahma, and his wife Sara or Sarai, or Sara-iswati, left their father’s family and came into Canaan. The identity of Abraham and Sara with Brahma and Saraiswati was first pointed out by the Jesuit missionaries.”(Vol. I; p. 387.)

Reference and citation.


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Vishnus Foot Prints At Kaaba and United Kingdom

As one wades through ancient Indian History,one finds astounding information that makes one sit up and check what has been passed off as Indian history.

One finds that,

Alexander did not defeat Porus,

Rig Veda is the oldest literary work by Man,

Rama,Krishna and other persons mentioned in Indian Puranas are not fictitious characters,but Real persons who lived,

Indian history dates back to thousands of years,

All Major Religions have borrowed extensively from Hinduism,

Many of the sacred sites of these Religions were Hindu sites,

Sanatana Dharma, Hinduism was prevalent throughout the world,in all world cultures…….

That Kaaba is a Hindu temple,

Muslims worship Shiva Linga,

786 is Flipped OM,

Vedic practices are followed in Kaaba,

The temple complex in Kaaba is after Vedic construction,

I have written and also more on these subjects.

The concepts of Shiva,Vishnu,Subrahmanya,Devi….all are found in world Religions.

Now more on Kaaba.

An ancient Sanskrit couplet from Harihsreswara Mahatmiya mentions the Foot Prints of Lord Vishnu being sanctified in three places.

They are


Kaaba,Saudi Arabia and

Avebury/ United Kingdom

Lord Vishnu’s holy footprint consecrated at three main centres in the world, namely one in Gaya (in India), the other in Mecca, and the third near Shukla Teertha, i.e. Abiry.

Feet of Vishnu,Gaya,India.image

Vishnu’s feet,Gaya,India

Abiry circle UK.image

Abiry UK , Vishnu’s Feet sanctified

The Vishnu Statue in Britain

In the opening part of the introduction to the volume titled A Complete History of the Druids [1], it is stated, “It will be necessary to give an explanation of the pillars, the Circle and Serpent.”

On page 9 of the same book it is observed, “This Serpent was the symbol of light and wisdom. Its name Seraph, particularly is so expressive.”

The term Seraph is a malpronunciation of the Sanskrit term Serp (i.e. Serpent), which indicates that the ancientmost language of the British Isles, as also of other parts of the world, was Sanskrit.

On page 15 of the same book, it is asserted, “It may rationally be concluded from the various opinions of the best historians that this island received its first inhabitants from the eastern parts of the world.”

Since people from the East (i.e. India) were the earliest inhabitants of Britain, they naturally erected a statue of Lord Vishnu, the progenitor of the world.

The name “Isle of Angelsey” in Britain derives from the Sanskrit name of Lord Vishnu as Angulesh, i.e. the Lord of the Angul country. The British Isles were designated Angulsthan, i.e. a finger-size, finger-length country. If the European continent is likened to a palm, then the British Isles appear to be an extended finger. Therefore Sanskrit-speaking explorers named it Angulsthan. It is that same term which later came to be pronounced as Angul and i.e. England.

The book on Druids mentioned above states on page 36 that “Many temples of the Druids are said to be yet in part remaining in this island (i.e. the Isle of Man) and that of Angelsey … many of them were made of extraordinary large stones as at Abiry and Stonehenge.”

Page 54 describes:

“Abiry [now known as Avebury] is founded on the more elevated part of a plain … the entire figure of it (the ruins) is a Seraph or winged serpent transmitted through a circle. … The outer part of the grand circle is a vast and lofty Vallum, with a very deep ditch on the inside of it near 80 ft or 45 cubits broad. Its diameter 750 cubits, its circumference 225 cubits, the enclosed area about 22 acres. Within the ditch was formed a circle of 100 enormous stones set upright, which were generally 15, 16 or 17 ft high, and near as much in breadth. … Out of these 100 stones, 44 were still visible when Dr. Stukeley was there in the year 1722, whereof 17 were standing and 27 thrown down or reclining. Ten of remaining had been demolished by Tom Robinson in the year 1700, the vestigia of the rest were still discernible. With this mighty colonnade of 100 such stones in perfection, there must have been a most agreeable walk between them and the ditch. It is scarcely possible for us to form a notion of the grand and beautiful appearance it must then have made.”

On pages 56 to 59 is added:)

“Most of the houses, walls and outhouses of this town are built with the materials of these stones that have been fired and broken. … Let us walk out now by the southern entrance of the town, passing the Vallum. This is Via Sacra … the summit of the Overtone Hills is the hak-pen (a compound oriental word signifying the Serpent’s head), which is 4000 cubits from the Vallum of Abiry. The people have a high notion of it and still call it the Sanctuary… which when in perfection was without question the most glorious temple of the kind which the world has ever heard of. That it was really a temple sacred to the ever-blessed and undivided Trinity, every circumstance, every consideration tends to persuade us… The name itself of Abiry (ABIRY, Potentates), signifying in the language of its founders “The Mighty Ones”.

The temple was a gigantic and glorious sanctuary of world fame, and the Vedic trinity of the three Mighty Ones, via Brahma the creator, Vishnu the sustainer and Shiva the destroyer were all there in the form of gigantic statues. The Druids supervised the temple. The above description makes it clear that the Isle of Angelsey was famous in the ancient world for its majestic and massive temple depicting the Vedic Trinity in gigantic stone-statuary as the divine governors of the world.


This information, when coupled with the information from Muslim sources that there were 360 idols in the temple, indicates that Lord Vishnu was surrounded by an entourage of other deities, of which Lord Shiva was one. But the Muslims being iconoclasts, they destroyed the idols of other deities, while Shiva’s emblem, a round, cylindrical, dark, black-red stone, they retained as a central, featureless object of reverence...

Kaaba Ground floor plan.image

Kaaba,Ground floor plan


the ground-plan of the hoary Kaba (Vishnu) temple constructed on the esoteric, Tantric, octagonal Vedic pattern in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

The eight corners occupied the images of the sentinel Vedic deities Indra, Varun, Yama, Agni, Vayu, Juber, Ishan and Nirut.

The central square represents the present truncated Kaba, the central sanctum housing the image of the Reclining Vishnu “in labour”. Therefore this shrine is remembered even in convert, Islamic tradition as the Navel of the World.

Its other name “Haram” is the Sanskrit term “Hariyam”, i.e. the shrine of Lord Vishnu alias Hari.

Note the rectangular dent near the upper left corner of the central square. That marks the spot where the cylindrical Shivling stone is vertically partially embedded on the exterior of the southeast corner of the Kaba wall. Therefore perambulation of the Shivling involves circling the entire Kaba building. Even after conversion, Muslims feel compelled to observe the seven-fold ancient Vedic perambulation. The Kaba sanctum itself is always kept secretively shut to hide its Vedic interior.

The seven-stories-high Kaba building is covered perpetually by a ghilaf, i.e. a black burqa, hiding its Vedic saffron-colour stone surface, lotus designs and what are believed to be Sanskrit inscriptions on the inner side of the sanctum walls. International pressure on the Saudi government should continue to be exerted by all countries until the Kaba is thrown open to all people as in pre-Muslim times.

Reference and citation.

Vishnu in Kaaba


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Description of Idol Worshipped in Kaaba Travels In Arabia 1829 Latest Video

Islamic texts are cagey about the description of the Idol worshipped in in Kaaba.

There were 360 Idols before The Prophet in Mecca.

They were worshipped by the Arabs.

These were destroyed on the orders of the Prophet.

I have written on Pre Islamic Arabia.

The Worship of Many God’s, Polytheism was practiced.

The Religious concepts were from Sumeria,Sassanian empire,Iran and from Greece.

All these were derived from Santana Dharma.

I have written on the influence of Santana Dharma on all these civilisations from whom the Pre Islamic Deities were derived.

Please check under Hinduism category in this site in the drop down Menu.

Or Google the search term,for example Sumeria Hinduism +ramanan 50.

I reproduce the description of The Idol at Kaaba from a Travelogue of 1829.

‘It is an irregular oval, about seven inches in diameter, with an undulated surface composed of about a dozen smaller stones of different sizes and shapes, well joined together with a small quantity of cement and perfectly well smooth; it looks as if the whole had been broken into as many pieces by a violent blow and then united again.”

Below is the Video of the Idol worshipped in Kaaba.


described in Western literature in the 19th century, Swiss traveler Johann Ludwig Burckhardt visited Mecca in 1814 and provided a detailed description of the Black Stone in his 1829 book Travels in Arabia:

Featured post
Allah Names.image

Ninety Nine Names Of Allah With Palasruthi and Parihara

Curious similarities between Hinduism and Islam may be noticed and it appears that Islam has borrowed concepts from Pre Islamic Arabian culture and civilization.

This in turn has its roots in Sumerian Civilization.

Sumerian civilization is from Vedic and Tamil culture.

Please read my articles on this.

Kaaba is A Shiva Temple,

786 is Flipped OM,

Prophet’s Uncle composed a Poem on Shiva,

Prophet’s Grandfather dug a well as Ganges,

The Triad of Goddesses of Pre Islamic Arabia,Al-Uzza,Al-Lat and Menat, reminds one of the Three Devis of Hinduism, Saraswathi, Lakshmi and Durga

Kaaba opens at Pradosha time of Shiva,

Emperor Vikramadhitya’s inscription is found in Kaaba,

Muslims circumbulate at Kaaba as Hindus do,but in the anti clock wise direction and for seven times .

I have written on the above points with credible sources,most of them Islamic.

Now one more similarity.

Hindu Gods are worshiped with Hundred names,Asthtotra; Sahasranama,One thousand names;Trisathi,three hundred names.

These contain the Attributes of God most of them as Principles or qualities of the Reality,Brahman.

And these also consist of the Attributes of the Reality with Attributes,Saguna Aaradhana,Reality as Personal God.

Allah of Islam considers as The Only God,without Form.

Islam also has names/Attributes of Allah.

These are taken from the Koran and the commentaries on The Koran,Hadiths.

These names are Ninety Nine.

One may note that the Nirguna or the Attribute less/beyond Attributes is assigned to Allah.

Hindus may notice both Nirguna and Saguna names in all Sahasranamas.

In most of them these are mixed.

One can find these Nirguna and Saguna Aradhana, described separately in Lalitha Sahasranama.

Reference and citation.


Ninety Nine Names of Allah.

Al-Asma-ul-Husna ( اَلاسْمَاءُ الْحُسناى ) The 99 Most Beautiful Names and Attributes of Allah the Almighty
He is Allah, the Creator, the Inventor, the Fashioner; to Him belong the best names. Whatever is in the heavens and earth is exalting Him. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise. Surat Al-Hashr 59:24
And to Allah belong the best names, so invoke Him by them Surat Al-A’raf 7:180
Allah – there is no deity except Him. To Him belong the best names. Surat Taha 20:8
Narrated Abu Huraira: Prophet Muhammad SAW said, “Allah has ninety-nine names, i.e. one-hundred minus one, and whoever knows them will go to Paradise.” Sahih Al-Bukhari – Book 50 Hadith 894
Abu Huraira reported Prophet Muhammad SAW as saying: Verily, there are ninety-nine names for Allah, i.e. hundred excepting one. He who enumerates them would get into Paradise. And Hammam has made this addition on the authority of Abu Huraira who reported it from Prophet Muhammad SAW that he said: “He is Odd (one) and loves odd number.” Sahih Muslim – Book 35 Hadith 6476
It is not possible to perfectly translate the names and attributes of Allah from their original Arabic into English. However, here are some fairly close definitions.
Al-A’raj related from Abu Hurayra (raziAllahuanhu) that the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahualaywasallam) said “Allah has ninety-nine names, one hundred less one. Whoever memorises them will enter the Garden.” [Chapter 100, 6957 Bukhari]
Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Allah has ninety nine names and whoever preserves them will enter Paradise.” Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2677
Benefits of Reciting The Most Beautiful Names of Allah
1. Allah (The Name of Allah)
If you recite this name of Allah 1000 times daily, Allah will remove all doubts and uncertainities from your heart and instill determination and faith.
2. Ar-Rahmaan (The Compassionate)
If you recite this name of Allah 100 times daily after every Salaah (prayer), Allah will remove hard-heartedness and negligence from your heart. Insha-Allah.
3. Ar-Raheem (The Most Merciful)
If you recite this name of Allah 100 times daily after every Salaah (prayer), Allah will safeguard you against all calamities and maladies. Insha-Allah.
4. Al-Malik (The Sovereign)
If you recite this name of Allah abundantly every day after Zawaal (the time of mid-day immediately before Duhr prayer), Allah will give you abundant wealth. Insha-Allah.
5. Al-Quddoos (The Most Holy)
If you recite this name of Allah abundantly every day, Allah will cure you of all spiritual sickness. Insha-Allah.
6. As-Salaam (The Bestower of Peace)
If you recite this name of Allah abundantly, Allah will protect you from all calamities and maladies. If you recite it 115 times and blow on a sick person, Allah will restore his health. Insha-Allah.
7. Al-Mu’min (The Granter of Security)
If you recite this name of Allah 630 times in times of fear, Allah will protect you from all calamities, mishaps and losses. If you write it on paper (or engrave it on a silver ring) and keep it with you (as Ta’weez) , your physical and spiritual safety will remain the responsibility of Allah. Insha-Allah.
8. Al-Muhaymin (The Protector)
If you offer 2 rakaat Salaah after ghusl and read, with sincerity, this name of Allah 100 times, Allah will purify you physically and spiritually. If you recite it 115 times, Allah will acquaint you with the unseen. Insha-Allah.
9. Al-‘Azeez (The Mighty)
If you recite this name of Allah 40 times each day for 40 days, Allah will grant you honor and self-sufficiency. If you recite it 41 times daily with constancy, Allah will grant you honor and self-sufficiency, if you are being treated with dishonor. Insha-Allah.
10. Al-Jabbaar (The Compeller)
If you recite this name of Allah 226 times every morning and evening, Allah will safeguard you against the oppression of tyrants and despots. Insha-Allah.
11. Al-Mutakabbir (The Majestic)
If you recite this name of Allah constantly, Allah will grant you honor and greatness. If you read it continually before any task, it will be accomplished. Insha-Allah.
12. Al-Khaaliq (The Creator)
If you recite this name of Allah 100 times for 7 days, Allah will safeguard you against all adversities. If you form the habit of reciting it regularly, Allah will appoint an angel who will worship Allah continuously on your behalf. Insha-Allah.
13. Al-Baari’ (The Maker)
If a barren woman fasts for 7 days and each day, after making iftaar with water, reads (Yaa-Baari-Ul Musawwiru) 21 times, Allah will grant her male children. Insha-Allah.
14. Al-Musawwir (The Fashioner of Forms)

If a barren woman fasts for 7 days and each day, after making iftaar with water, reads (Yaa-Baari-Ul Musawwiru) 21 times, Allah will grant her male children. Insha-Allah.

15. Al-Ghaffaar (The Forgiver)
If you recite this name of Allah 100 times after Jumma Salaah (prayer), you will soon begin to perceive Allah’s forgiveness. If you say (Yaa-Ghaffaaru Ighfirli) daily after Asr Salaah (prayer), Allah will include you amongst those whom he has forgiven. Insha-Allah.
16. Al-Qahhaar (The Subduer)
If you recite this name of Allah continually, Allah will free you from the love of this world and, instead, Allah’s love will become inborn in your heart. Insha-Allah.
17. Al-Wahhaab (The Bestower)
If a poverty stricken person recites this name of Allah continuously or writes it and keeps it on him (as Taaweez) or recites this name of Allah 40 times in the last sajdah of Salaat-ud-Doha (Chast prayer), Allah will free him from poverty in an unexpected and amazing manner. Insha-Allah.
For particular need to be fulfilled, observe sajdah 3 times in the courtyard of the house or Masjid ( Masjid) and then lift your hands (as in Du’a) and recite this name of Allah 100 times, Allah will fulfill your need. Insha-Allah.
18. Ar-Razzaaq (The Provider)
Before Fajr Salaah (prayer), if you blow in all four corners of your house beginning from the right-hand corner while facing Qiblah, after reciting this name of Allah 10 times in each corner, Allah will open the doors of rizq (sustenance) for you; sickness and poverty will never enter your home. Insha-Allah.
19. Al-Fattaah (The Opener)
If you recite this name of Allah 70 times by placing both your hands on your bosom after Fajr Salaah (prayer), Allah will illumunate your heart with the Noor of Imaan. Insha-Allah.
20. Al-‘Aleem (The All-Knowing)
If you recite this name of Allah abundantly, Allah will open the gates of knowledge and wisdom for you. Moreover, your heart will be filled with the Ma’rifah (cognizance) of Allah. Insha-Allah.
21. Al-Qaabid (The Withholder)

If you

write this name of Allah (with saffron or by the mere action of your finger) on four morsels of bread each day for 4 days and eat them, Allah will safeguard you against hunger, thirst, injuries, pain etc. Insha-Allah.
22. Al-Baasit (The Expander)
If you recite this name of Allah 10 times daily by lifting your hands towards the heavens (as in Du’a) after Salaat-ud-Doha (Chast prayer) and thereafter pass your hands across the face (as when finsihing Du’a), Allah will grant you self-sufficiency and independence. Insha-Allah.
23. Al-Khaafid (The Abaser)
If you recite this name of Allah 500 times, Allah will fulfill your needs and remove all your difficulties. If you fast for 3 days and on the fourth day say this beautiful name 70 times while sitting in seclusion, you will gain victory over your enemy. Insha-Allah.
24. Ar-Raafi’ (The Exalter)
If you recite this name of Allah 100 times in the middle of the fourteenth night of every lunar month, Allah will grant you self-sufficiency and independence of the entire creation. Insha-Allah.
25. Al-Mu’iz (The Bestower of Honor)
If you recite this name of Allah 40 times after Maghrib Salaah (prayer) on every Monday and Friday, Allah will grant you honor and reverence. Insha-Allah.
26. Al-Mudhil (The Humiliator)
If you make Du’a for protection after reciting this name of Allah 75 times, Allah will protect you from the evils of envious persons, oppressors and enemies. Insha-Allah.
If you fear a particular enemy then, after reciting this name of Allah 75 times, you may observe sajdah and invoke Allah’s help against the enemy in the following manner: “O Allah! Protect me from the evils of so and so.”, Allah will grant you protection. Insha-Allah.
27. As-Sami’ (The All-Hearing)
If you recite this name of Allah 500 times or 50 times on Thurday after offering Salaat-ud-Doha (Chast prayer), Allah will surely grant your Du’as. Insha-Allah. It is necessary that no talking be done during the course of reciting it.
If you recite this name of Allah 100 times on a Thursday between the Sunnah and Fardh of Fajr Salaah (prayer), Allah will favour you with with His special blessings. Insha-Allah.
28. Al-Baseer (The All-Seeing)
If you recite this name of Allah 100 times after the Jumma Salaah (prayer) constantly, Allah will grant strength to your eye-sight and Noor (light) to your heart. Insha-Allah.
29. Al-Hakam (The Judge)
If you recite this name of Allah 99 times while in the state of Wudhu during the last portion of the night, Allah will cause your heart to perceive all secrets and to be filled with Noor (light). If you recite this name on a Friday night in such a manner that you grow euphoric and ecstatic then Allah will cherish your heart with manifestations and inspirations. Insha-Allah.
30. Al-‘Adl (The Just)
If you write this name of Allah (with saffron or by the mere action of your finger) on 20 pieces of bread on the day or night of Jumma and consume it, Allah will cause the entire creation to become subservient to you. Insha-Allah.
31. Al-Lateef (The Most Affectionate, The Knower of Subtleties)
If you recite this name of Allah 133 times daily, Allah will grant abundance in your rizq (sustenance) and cause all your tasks to be accomplished without difficulties. If you are afflicted with poverty, misery, sickness, loneliness or any adversity, then you should make Wudhu in the proper manner and offer 2 rakaat Salaah (prayer) and then bearing in mind the objective, recite this name of Allah 100 times. Allah will surely grant you deliverance. Insha-Allah.
32. Al-Khabeer (The All-Aware)
If you recite this name of Allah continually for seven days, you will begin to perceive hidden secrets. If you have insatiable desire for pleasure, recite this name of Allah continually. Allah will free you from such base desires. Insha-Allah
33. Al-Haleem (The Forbearing)
If you write this name of Allah on paper, soak it in water and then sprinkle or rub the water on something, then Barakah (Allah’s blessing) will be imparted to it and Allah will safeguard it against all calamities. Insha-Allah
34. Al-‘Azeem (The Magnificient)
If you recite this name of Allah constantly, you will be graced with great honor and dignity. Insha-Allah.
35. Al-Ghafoor (The Forgiving)
If you recite this name of Allah frequently, all your maladies, sorrow and grief will be removed. Barakah (Allah’s blessing) will be imparted to your wealth and offsprings.
As related in a hadith, if you recite (Yaa-Rabbigh- firli) 3 times while in sajdah, Allah will forgive all your past sins and any sins that you may commit in future. Insha-Allah.
36. Ash-Shakoor (The Grateful)
If you recite this name of Allah 41 times while facing any difficulties (financial, physical, spritual, mental etc), Allah will grant deliverance soon. Insha-Allah.
37. Al-‘Aliyy (The Highest)
If you recite this name of Allah daily and constantly and keep with you a written copy of it, Allah will exalt you, grant affluence and fulfill all your desires. Insha-Allah.
38. Al-Kabeer (The Greatest)
If you have been dismissed from a post, then fast for seven days and each day recite this name of Allah 1000 times, Allah will reinstate you to your post and grace you with honor and dignity. Insha-Allah.
39. Al-Hafeez (The Preserver)
If you recite this name of Allah daily and constantly, and keep with you a written copy of it, Allah will protect you from all hazards, losses and harmful things. Insha-Allah.
40. Al-Muqeet (The Sustainer)
If you recite this name of Allah 7 times and blow in a bowl of water and drink it yourself or allow someone else to drink from it or to take a deep breath from the bowl, Allah will fulfill all your desires soon. Insha-Allah.
41. Al-Haseeb (The Reckoner)
If you fear any human being or any thing, recite (Hasbiyallaahul- Haseebu) 70 times in the morning and 70 times at night for eight days starting from Thursday, Allah will grant you protection against the evil of the person or thing you fear. Insha-Allah.
42. Al-Jaleel (The Exalted)
If you write (Yaa Jaleelu) on a paper with saffron or musk and keep it with you as a Ta’weez, Allah will give you honor, greatness, rank and dignity. Insha-Allah.
43. Al-Kareem (The Generous)
If you wish to be revered and honored by the Ulama and pious people recite this name of Allah continually and fall asleep. Allah will fulfill your wish. Insha-Allah.
44. Ar-Raqeeb (The Watchful)
If you recite this name of Allah 7 times each day and blow on yourself and your family, Allah will protect you and your wealth from destruction and calamities. Recite this name of Allah all the time to be safeguarded at all times. Insha-Allah.
45. Al-Mujeeb (The Responsive)
If you recite this name of Allah constantly, you will perceive that all your Du’as are being granted. Insha-Allah.
46. Al-Waasi’ (The All-Encompassing)
If you recite this name of Allah repeatedly, Allah will grant you spiritual and material self-sufficiency and independence. Insha-Allah.
47. Al-Hakeem (The Wise)
If you recite this name of Allah constantly, Allah will open the doors of knowledge and wisdom for you. If you want a particular task to be accomplished recite this name Of Allah frequently and constantly. Insha-Allah.
48. Al-Wadood (The Most Loving)
If you recite this name of Allah 1000 times, blow on food, and consume it along with your spouse, Allah will settle all your disputes and differences and create a strong bond of love and affection . Insha-Allah.
49. Al-Majeed (The Most Glorious)
A person who has contracted a fatal disease such as pox, leprosy etc. should fast on the 13th, 14th and 15th of the lunar month and after breaking fast recite this name of Allah profusely, blow on water and drink it. He will soon be cured. Insha-Allah.
50. Al-Baa’ith (The Resurrector)
If you place your hand on your bosom and recite this name of Allah 101 times at bedtime, your heart will become alive with knowledge and wisdom. Insha-Allah.
51. Ash-Shaheed (The Witness)
If you wish your disobedient wife or children become obedient, place your hand on their forehead and recite this name of Allah 21 times and blow on them. They will soon become obedient. Insha-Allah.
52. Al-Haqq (The Truth)
If your family member is missing or absconding or if your belongings have been stolen, write this name of Allah on all 4 corners of a square paper. At the time of Sehri place the paper on your palms and lift it toward the heavens and make Du’a. The missing person or the stolen goods will be returned soon, free from any harm or damage. Insha-Allah.
53. Al-Wakeel (The Trustee)
If you fear any calamity caused by an act of Allah, recite this name of Allah repeatedly, you will be protected from all calamities. Insha-Allah.
54. Al-Qawiyy (The Most Strong)
If you are genuinely oppressed or victimized, recite this name of Allah profusely with a view to counteracting the oppressor. Allah will render you proctection. Insha-Allah. This should never be done if circumstances do not warrant.
55. Al-Mateen (The Firm)
If a lady’s breasts do not yield milk, write this name of Allah on a piece of paper, soak it in water and make her drink it. Her breasts will abound in milk. Insha-Allah.
56. Al-Waliyy (The Patron)
If your wife is of ill character, recite this name of Allah constantly in her presence. She will soon become of good character. Insha-Allah.
57. Al-Hameed (The Praiseworthy)
If you recite this name of Allah in seclusion 93 times for 45 days, all your evil habits and bad qualities will change into good habits. Insha-Allah.
58. Al-Muhsee (The Reckoner)
If you recite this name of Allah 20 times daily and blow it on 20 pieces of bread and consume it, Allah will make the entire creation subservient to you. Insha-Allah.
59. Al-Mubdi’ (The Originator)
If you place your hand on the stomach of your pregnant wife and recite this name of Allah 99 times at the time of Sehri, she will not have a miscarriage or give birth prematurely. Insha-Allah.
60. Al-Mu’eed (The Restorer)
If a person is lost, recite this name of Allah 70 times in each corner of the house during the night when everyone is asleep. The missing person will either return within 7 days or his whereabouts will be known within that period. Insha-Allah.
61. Al-Muhyee (The Giver of Life)
If you are sick, recite this name of Allah repeatedly, your health will be restored. If you recite this name of Allah repeatedly and blow on a sick person, his health will be restored. If you recite this name of Allah 89 times and blow on yourself, Allah will safeguard you against all obstacles and bondages. Insha-Allah.
62. Al-Mumeet (The Giver of Death)
If you have no control over yourself, place your hand on your bosom and recite this name of Allah continuously before falling asleep. Allah will give you the strength to control yourself. Insha-Allah.
63. Al-Hayy (The Ever-Living)
If you desire sound health recite this name of Allah 3000 times daily. If you are sick, write this name of Allah in a bowl with musk and rose water, then wash the inscription with water and drink it, Allah will soon cure you. Insha-Allah.
64. Al-Qayyoom (The Self-Subsisting Sustainer of All)
If you recite this name of Allah continuously, you will attain honor and dignity amongst people. If you recite this name of Allah constantly in seclusion, you will become wealthy. If you continuously recite (Yaa Hayyu Yaa Qayyoomu) after Fajr until sunrise, your laziness will vanish. Insha-Allah.
65. Al-Waajid (The Finder)
If you recite this name of Allah continuously while having food, the food will become a source of strength, illumination and Noor (light) for your heart. Insha-Allah.
66. Al-Maajid (The Glorious)
If you recite this name of Allah in seclusion to such an extent and in such a manner that you become euphoric, the Noor (light) of Allah will soon become evident in your heart. Insha-Allah.
67. Al-Waahid/Al- Ahad (The One)
If you desire good and pious children, write this name of Allah and keep it with you all the time, Allah will fulfill your desire. Insha-Allah.
68. As-Samad (The Eternally Besought)
If you place your head in Sajdah at the time of Sehri and recite this name of Allah 115 or 125 times, Allah will grant you spiritual and physical truthfulness. If you recite this name of Allah constantly in the state of Wudhu, Allah will soon make you independent of the entire creation. Insha-Allah.
69. Al-Qaadir (The Omnipotent)
If you offer 2 rakaat Salaah (prayer) and recite this name of Allah 100 times, Allah will humble and disgrace your enemies (provided you are justified). If you recite this name of Allah 41 times before undertaking a difficult task, the difficulty will be removed. Insha-Allah.
70. Al-Muqtadir (The Powerful)
If you recite this name of Allah 20 times after waking up from sleep, Allah will ensure all your tasks are fulfilled efficiently. Insha-Allah.
71. Al-Muqaddim (The Expediter)
If you recite this name of Allah abundantly at the time of war or during a righteous struggle in the path of Allah, Allah will give you courage to make advances and safeguard you from the enemy. If you recite this name of Allah at all times, you will be come obedient and submissive to Allah. Insha-Allah.
72. Al-Mu’akhkhir (The Delayer)
If you recite this name of Allah frequently, you will soon resort to genuine repentance. If you recite this name of Allah 100 times daily, you will become dear to and a favorite of Allah. Insha-Allah.
73. Al-Awwal (The First)
If you desire male children, recite this name of Allah 40 times daily for 40 days, Allah will fulfill your desire. If any wayfarer recite this name of Allah 1000 times on a Friday, he will soon return to his people safe and sound. Insha-Allah.
74. Al-Aakhir (The Last)
Recite this name of Allah 1000 times daily, Allah will fulfill your wish. Insha-Allah.
75. Az-Zaahir (The Manifest)
If you recite this name of Allah 500 times daily after Ishraaq Salaah (prayer), Allah will cause your eyes and heart to be filled with Noor (light). Insha-Allah.
76. Al-Baatin (The Hidden)
If you recite this name of Allah 33 times daily, you will soon begin to perceive the deeper secrets of Allah and a strong bond of love and affection will form between you and Allah. If you recite (Huwal-Awwalu Wal-Aakhiru Wad-Dhaahiru Wal-Baatinu Wahuwa Alaa Kulli Shaiyyin Qadeer) continously after offering 2 rakaat Salaah, all your needs will be fulfilled. Insha-Allah.
77. Al-Waalee (The Governer)
If you recite this name of Allah repeatedly, Allah will safeguard you from all unexpected calamities. If this name of Allah is inscribed in a new earthen cup or jug and it is filled with water and the water is sprinkled in the house, the house will be safeguarded against all calamities. If you wish to subdue another person recite this name of Allah 11 times, Allah will fulfill your wish. Insha-Allah.
78. Al-Muta’ aalee (The Most Exalted)
If you recite this name of Allah continously, Allah will solve all your problems soon. If a woman recites this name of Allah abundantly during her menstruation, Allah will relieve her from all ailments. Insha-Allah.
79. Al-Barr (The Source of All Goodness)
If you are in the habit of taking intoxicants or committing adultery or indulging in any other evil, recite this name of Allah 7 times daily. Allah will guide you. If you recite this name of Allah excessively, Allah will expel the love of this world from your heart. If you recite this name of Allah 7 times and blow on your child soon after birth, Allah will grant your child protection from calamities until puberty. Insha-Allah.
80. At-Tawwaab (The Acceptor of Repentance)
If you desire that Allah guide you to sincere repentance, recite this name of Allah 360 times daily after Salat-ud-Doha (Chast prayer), Allah will fulfill your desire. If you recite this name of Allah abundantly, all your tasks will be accomplished without any difficulty. If you recite this name of Allah 10 times in the presence of a tyrant, you will soon be freed from the opression of the tyrant. Insha-Allah.
81. Al-Muntaqim (The Avenger)
If you are justified and desire to take revenge against your enemy, but haven’t the power to do so, recite this name of Allah continously for 3 Fridays, Allah Himself will take revenge on your behalf. Insha-Allah.
82. Al-‘Afuww (The Pardoner)
If you recite this name of Allah abundantly, Allah will forgive you. Insha-Allah.
83. Ar-Ra’oof (The Most Kind)
If you desire that the entire creation become affectionate towards you (and vice-versa), recite this name of Allah repeatedly. If you desire that your anger be subdued, recite Darood 10 times and this name of Allah 10 times. If you recite Darood 10 times and this name of Allah 10 times and blow on an angry person, his anger will be subdued. Insha-Allah.
84. Maalik-ul-Mulk (The Owner of Sovereignity)
If you recite this name of Allah constantly, Allah will grant you wealth, self-sufficiency and independence. Insha-Allah.
85. Dhul-Jalaali Wal-Ikraam (Majestic and Benevolent)
If you recite this name of Allah constantly, Allah will grant you honor, dignity and self-sufficiency. Insha-Allah.
86. Al-Muqsit (The Just)
If you recite this name of Allah constantly, Allah will protect you from evil doubts created by the Shaytaan. If you recite this name of Allah 700 times for a purpose, Allah will fulfill it. Insha-Allah.
87. Al-Jaami’ (The Gatherer)
If your family or relatives are scattered (due to war, earthquate, floods or other calamities), take bath at the time of Doha (Chast), lift your gaze toward the heavens and recite this name of Allah 10 times closing one finger each time, until all 10 fingers are closed. Afterwards pass your hands across your face as when completing Du’a. The disperse members of your family will soon come together. Insha-Allah.
88. Al-Ghaniyy (The Self-Sufficient)
If you recite this name of Allah 70 times daily, Allah will grant you self-sufficiency and Barakah in your wealth. If you are afflicted with physical or spiritual sickness or any difficulty, recite this name of Allah abundantly and blow on your entire body. Allah will soon heal you and relieve you of your difficulty. Insha-Allah.
89. Al-Mughnee (The Enricher)
If you recite Darood 11 times, recite this name of Allah 1111 times, recite Darood again 11 times and then Surah Muzzammil (Surah 73) after Fajr or Isha Salaah (prayer) , you will be granted both material and spiritual wealth. Insha-Allah.
90. Al-Maani’ (The Preventer of Harm)
If you have any disputes with your spouse, recite this name of Allah 20 times while lying down on the bed, the dispute will be settled and love and affection will result. If you recite this name of Allah constantly, Allah will safeguard you against all calamities. If you recite this name of Allah for any legitimate purpose, Allah will fulfill it. Insha-Allah.
91. Ad-Daar (The Distresser)
If you recite this name of Allah 100 times on the eve of Jumma (Friday), Allah will safeguard you against all physical and spiritual calamities and draw you nearer to Allah. Insha-Allah.
92. An-Naafi’ (The Propitious)
If you recite this name of Allah abundantly during travel, Allah will safeguard you against all hazards. If you recite this name of Allah 41 times before a task, it will be accomplished efficiently. If you recite this name of Allah prior to intercourse, Allah will grant you good and pious children. Insha-Allah.
93. An-Noor (The Light)
If you recite this name of Allah 1001 times after reciting Surah Noor (Surah 24), you heart will be illuminated with the Noor (light) of Allah. Insha-Allah.
94. Al-Haadee (The Guide)
If you raise both hands (as in Du’a) while lifting your gaze toward the heavens and recite this name of Allah several times and then pass both your hands on your face (as when completing Du’a), Allah will grant you complete guidance and associate you with the devout and pious. Insha-Allah.
95. Al-Badee’ (The Originator)
If you are in grief, recite (Yaa-Badee-us- Samaawaati- Wal-Ardh) 1000 times, Allah will soon grant you relief from your misery. If a particular task is to be undertaken, but you are not certain as to its feasibility, recite this name of Allah before falling asleep, you will receive guidance in a dream. Insha-Allah.
96. Al-Baaqee (The Everlasting)
If you recite this name of Allah 1000 times on the night of Jumma (Friday), Allah will grant you protection and accept all your good deeds. Insha-Allah.
97. Al-Waarith (The Ultimate Inheritor)
If you recite this name of Allah 100 times at sunrise, Allah will protect you against all sorrows, hardships and calamities and you will die as a Mu’min (believer). If you recite this name of Allah 1000 times between Maghrib and Isha Salaah (prayer), Allah will safeguard you from confusions, agitations and disturbances. Insha-Allah.
98. Ar-Rasheed (The Guide to the Right Path)
If you are unsure how to complete a particular task or are unable to work out plans for the task, recite this name of Allah 1000 times between Maghrib and Isha Salaah (prayer), the plan will become evident to you in a dream or by instinct. If you recite this name of Allah daily, Allah will safeguard you against all mishaps and grant you financial progress. Insha-Allah.
99. As-Saboor (The Patient One)

If you recite this name of Allah 100 times before sunrise, Allah will safeguard you against all calamities for the remainder of the day and prevent your enemies from uttering a single word against you. If you are in difficulty, recite this name of Allah 1020 times, Allah will soon provide you relief and contentment of the heart. Insha-Allah.



Featured post

Worshipping At Kaaba Not Allowed Contemptible -Allah

Religions which preach Idolatry as Sinful often end up in Idolatry.

That too of the founder,as in the case of Christianity,where people worship Idols of Jesus,Mary and a Symbol ,the Cross, +.

Islam , propounded as a Monistic or Single Reality based, we find Muslims worshipping at Darghas.

Jainism is performing Mahamasthaka Abhisheka for Vardhamana Mahaveera at Sravana Belagola.

Buddhism worships the Buddha in an Idol.

Judaism offers prayers to the Wall.

This is because human mind needs an object to focus, religious sanctions notwithstanding.

It is human Nature,Swabhava.

One of the sacred duties of A Muslim is visit to Mecca.

Millions visit Mecca and worship at the Kaaba.

I was curious as to how a Religion which decries idol all worship,permits worship at Kaaba.

Worship At Kaaba Video

It appears that Worship at Kaaba, touching and Kissing the Object is not allowed.

Here are excerpts and Link.

In the pictures you can clearly see people prostrating to Kabah. Allah the Great says,

“And to Allah prostrate all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth, of the moving (living) creatures and the angels, and they are not proud.” (16:49)

Yet who do these polytheists prostrate to? They prostrate to Kabah. Another verse describes monotheists,

“And those who spend the night in worship of their Lord, prostrate and standing.” (25:64)

Allah the Great prohibited prostrating to His creation:

“And from among His Signs are the night and the day, and the sun and the moon. prostrate yourselves not to the sun nor to the moon, but prostrate yourselves to Allah Who created them, if you (really) worship Him.” (41:37)

People stopped prostrating to sun and moon and instead started to prostrate to Kabah. They left one Shirk for another and refused to worship Allah the Great. These Muslim polytheists really dislike to worship Allah the great alone but worship with him Kabah. And those who disdain, dislike worship of Allah the Great and worship beside Him Kabah, graves, Saints, Imams, Prophets, Trees, Idols, Allah the great tells them,

“And your Lord says, “Call upon Me; I will respond to you.” Indeed, those who disdain My worship will enter hell [rendered] contemptible.“ (40:60)

A video example of Kabah worship is also available here. Please people are making Tawaf of Kabah. At 0:35 onwards you can see the polytheistic Muslims kissing, huging, clinging to Kabah and this is exactly same as what the Sufi’s and Shia’s do on to the graves of their saints. This is manifest Shirk and every Muwahid will agree that tawaf of Kabah, kissing, hugging, clinging, rubbing the beard and cheeks on walls of Kabah is Shirk.’

Reference and citation.


Featured post

Melkote Western Fortress of Vaishnavism

Melkote is a famous and popular Vaishnava Temple in Karnataka.

Melukote in Pandavapura taluk of Mandya district, Karnataka, in southern India, is one of the sacred places in Karnataka. The place is also known as Thirunarayanapuram. It is built on rocky hills, known as Yadugiri, Yaadavagiri and Yadushailadeepa, overlooking the Cauvery valley. Melukote is about 51 km (32 miles) from Mysore and 133 km (83 mi) from Bangalore.(wiki)

This temple was the abode of Sri Ramanujacharya,who espoused the Qualified Non Dualism, Visishta Advaitha,Visishtadvaida,.

He had to flee from the Chola kingdom, Sri Rangam due to persecution from the king and some Vaishnavas and Shaivas.

One may add here that there no mention of Shaivas and Vaishnavas in the Vedas, and as such, in my opinion,the difference between them, to say the least,is not what Vedas say.

Be that as it may,

During middle ages in India there was resurgence of Jainism and Buddhism in South India.

The Main and Buddhist monks had a great day in running the administration as they had the ears of the King’s.

And both Shaivas and Vaishnavas were persecuted.

This continued till Mahendra Varma Pallava( who followed Jainism and later promoted Hinduism) And Pandya King Nedumaran.

Nedumaran was brought back to Hinduism by his sister Mangayarkkarasi and Saint Thirunavukkarasar.

Then internecine feud between Shavias and Vaishnavas were on.

It was during one of these periods,when Sri Ramanujacharya had to flee from SRI Rangam to Melkote.

I shall be writing on Sri Ramanujacharya and Visishtadvaida in a series of articles.

The Ruling Deity Thiru Narayanan(Tamil) and Cheluva Narayana in Kannada(which means Beautiful Narayana).

Truly the Moolavar is beautiful beyond description.

I can recall only Rajagopaswamy of Mannarkudi,as near to this Moolavar in Beauty.

Now to the name Melkote.

Mel kottai in Tamil means the Western Fortress.

The eastern fortress of Vaishnavas is Sri Rangam,which is the second Divyadesa,the first being Thirupparkadal,in Vaikuntha,which is Celestial.

So the Easter Fortress of Vaishnavism is Sri Rangam and West, Melkote.

While Sri Rangam is a Divya desas,Melkote is an Abhimana Sthala,the Loved Abode.

More on Melkote.

Over the last 1000 years, Vijayanagara kings, the Hoysalas and more recently the Wodeyar dynasty have made significant contributions to this temple.
Dakshina Badri
The ThiruNarayanan Temple is also referred to as the ‘Dakshina Badri’. A reference to this is found in 12 chapters under the topic Yadava Giri Mahatmiyam in the Narada Puranam.

One of the four Swayambu Kshetrams

ThiruNarayanapuram in Melkote is one of the four famous Swayambu Kshetrams, the others being Srirangam, Kanchipuram and Tirupathi.
Araiyar Sevai
One of the other highlights at this temple is the continued performance of the Araiyar Sevai, an artistic song and dance enactment of the Naalayira Divya Prabandham. This is one of the four Vishnu temples in India where Araiyar Sevai is still performed, the others being Srirangam, Srivilliputhur and Azhvaaar Thirunagari.
Archakas of Melkote
A special mention must be made of the archakas of ThiruNarayana Perumal temple. In these days of short cuts every where, these Bhattars follow every pooja ritual with a commitment that is sublime...

Vaira Mudi Festival in the Tamil Calendar month of Panguni is the most important festival at this temple and attracts several thousand devotees. On the 6th day of the Brahmotsavam, Selva Pillai is adorned with a diamond crown and taken on a street procession.
Ashta Theertotsavam during Raja Mudi Brahmotsavam in Karthigai is another popular festival.
Thai Punarvasu festival – This is a special festival commemorating Ramanuja’s arrival in Thiru Narayanapuram on the Makara Shukla Punarvasu day
Krishnaraja Thirunaal (9days), Aadi Pooram (for Thaayar)are a few of the other important utsavams at the ThiruNarayanan temple in Melkote.
Prarthana Sthalam
Childless couples who bathe in the Kalyani Pushkarani for 8 days and offer sincere prayers to ThiruNarayanan are said to be blessed with a child.
Quick Facts:
Moolavar : Thiru Narayanan
Goddess : Yathu Giri Naachiyar
Utsavar : Selva Pillai (Sampath Kumar)
Utasava Goddess: Kalyani (Selva Nayagi)
Temple Time : 730am-1pm, 4pm-6pm and 7pm-830pm
Contact : S.Narasaraja Bhattar
Contact Telephone number: 94487 54696, 94488 13124 or 08236 298 913
How to reach
Take 6222 Chennai Mysore Kaveri Express, Get down at Pandava Pura (715am arrival)
Take Tumkur bound bus and get down at Jakkanahalli junction (about 15kms from Pandava Pura)
Auto from Jakkanahalli to Melkote temple (about 5kms) will cost Rs.50/-.
One can reach Melkote in 2 hours from Bangalore ( about 135kms) via Mandya- Jakkanahalli.

Reference and citation.


Featured post
Bhhovarahaswamy Temple .image

Kumbakonam Western Gateway Dated 23000 BC

I have written on the fact that,

Thiruvannamalai ,Tamil Nadu being 3.94Billion years old,

Thirupathi, Andhra Pradesh,2100 Million years,

Jwalapuram,Cuddapha,Telengana,74,000 years,

Varanasi (Benares),world’s oldest continuously inhabited city,

Thiruvananthapuram,25,000 years.

Now to the city of Kumbakonam,city of Temples in Tamil Nadu.

The Hindu Puranas mention Kumbakonam as the place,where the top portion of the Pot containing Amrith(Nectar),fell when the Pot was not by an arrow.

The top portion of the Pot fell at an incline (angle)

The name in Tamil means the place where the Pot fell at an angle.


The earliest reference to Kumbakonam in Tamil Literature occurs in the Sangam literature,Puranaanuru, an anthology of four Hundred poems that speaks of the valour of Tamil Kings,among other things.

குண திசை நின்று குடமுதல் செலினும், (20).
குடதிசை நின்று குணமுதல் செலினும்,
வடதிசை நின்று தென்வயின் செலினும்,
தென்திசை நின்று குறுகாது நீடினும்,
யாண்டும் நிற்க வெள்ளி; யாம்
வேண்டியது உணர்ந்தோன் தாள் வாழியவே! (25)
திணை – பாடாண்
துறை – வாழ்த்தியல்
இயற்றியவர் – புலவர் கோவூர் கிழார்
அரசர் – சோழன் குளமுற்றத்துத் துஞ்சிய கிள்ளி வளவன்’

( http://garuda-sangatamil.com/pages/third/first10-10.php )

This poem on the Chola king refers to West as Kuda Thisai ,குட திசை.

Tamil Literature calls the area adjoining the Arabian sea as in The West,கு

அரபிக்கடலை எல்லையாகவுடைய தமிழ் நாட்டு நிலப்பரப்பைத் தமிழர் குடக்கு என்றனர். கரை ஓரம் குடம் போல் குழிந்தும் அருகில் தென் வடலாக மேற்கு மலைத் தொடரும் உள்ள நிலப் பரப்பு இது. மேற்கு நோக்கிப் பாயும் சிற்றாறு களும் கிழக்கு நோக்கியும் பாயும் பெரிய ஆறுகளும் தோன்றும் மலை மேற்குத் தொடர்.

( http://keetru.com/index.php/2010-06-24-04-31-11/ungal-noolagam-mar-2015/28316-2015-04-19-04-30-55 )

Kumbakonam was referred to as Kudavaayil in Silappadikaram,one of the Five epics of Tamil.

So the term Kudavaayil means the a Gateway to the West.

Vaayil means entrance.

Most of the Chola Trade was carried through Poompuhar on the eastern seaboard.

The city was also called Kudavaayil or the Gateway to The East,

But Trade was also carried out through western ports on the Arabian sea.

Chera kings used this route.

But for the Chola’s,whose Ports were in the East,had to reach the western ports .

And they used Kumbakonam as the Entry point to the western Ports.

The early Chola,Karikal Valavan held Court in Kumbakonam.

Anbil Plates also refer Kumbakonam as Kudavaayil.

Silappadikaaram,the Epic in which action takes place refers to Poompuhar and Kumbakonam.

Poompuhar is dated about 11,000 years ago.

The place is called Poompuhar. It lies on southeast India’s Coromandel coast facing the Bay of Bengal between modern Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka. Its immediate offshore area has been the subject of marine archaeological investigations by India’s National Institute of Oceanography since the 1980’s — and numerous non-controversial finds of man-made structures dated between the third century AD and the third century BC have been made in the “inter-tidal zone” close to shore at depths down to 6 feet (approximately 2 metres).

These finds of structures in shallow water (some so shallow that they are exposed at low tide) have been quite widely written-up in the archaeological literature. But for some reason other discoveries that the NIO has made in deeper water off Poompuhar have attracted no attention at all. Most notably these other discoveries include a second completely separate group of structures fully three miles from the Poompuhar shore in water that is more than 70 feet (23 metres) deep. The lack of interest is surprising because to anyone with even minimal knowledge of post-glacial sea-level rise their depth of submergence is – or should be – highly anomalous. Indeed according to Glenn Milne’s sea-level data the land on which these structures were built last stood above water at the end of the Ice Age more than 11,000 years ago.

Is it a coincidence that there are ancient Tamil flood myths that speak of a great kingdom that once existed in this area called Kumari Kandam that was swallowed up by the sea? Amazingly the myths put a date of 11,600 years ago on these events — the same timeframe given by Plato for the end of Atlantis in another ocean.


So,Kumbakonam,which has the earliest references to it in Puranaanuru,which is about Five thousand years before Poompuhar reference,must be at least Twenty-five thousand years.

That is 23,000 BC.

Image Credit. http://www.kmphtrips.com/#!/destinationDetails/Kumbakonam

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Restored Poetic Venugopalaswamy Ancient Temple KRS Mysuru

India is a land of temples.

Tamil Nadu has about 33,000 temples under HRCE department of the Government.

In addition there are hundreds of temples which are yet to be noticed.

This is just in one state.

In all the states?

India has 29 States and seven Union Territories. all unified by One culture..

Along the banks of 1500 mile long Holy Ganges, thousands of sacred places! And along the 1500 mile long Himalayas every foot is considered sacred place. No need to mention about Badrinath, Kedarnath and Kailash.

Kanchipuram near Chennai alone has 108 temples. Madurai in Tamil Nadu has 50 temples.

800,000 Temples of India https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2015/08/04/eight-hundred-thousand-temples-india/

In addition to this many temples have been consumed by the sea,like those in Dwarka,Poompuhar,which are dated over thirty thousand years.

And Muslim invaders have faxed thousands of temples while Christians have done their bit too.

In 2003,a temple emerged in the Krishna Raja Sagar backwaters.

Dated around 13th century,it is a poem in Architecture.

I had seen the writings on the walls of this temple.

The Kannada letters,Lipi,seem to be older than 13th Century.

I estimate it to be as old as Thanjavur Big Temple, Thanjavur.

The architectural design has Chola Style.

King Raja Raja Chola’s Father Sundaram Chola was married to the Daughter of Vaidhumbaraya,who belonged to the area high we now call as Karnataka.

The relationship of the ancient dynasties is intricate and it transcended the present political borders.

This Temple is dedicated to Vishnu as Venugopalaswamy,Krishna with the Flute.


This submerged temple was relocated by the Khodays Group with a lot of dedication and hard work,not to speak of the financial implications.

The temple has been relocated and is now what it was then.

There is no looks for public.

However looks is performed daily in the morning and evening.

The Idol is very beautiful and I am yet to see a better Idol of Lord Krishna.

Maintenance and security is by the Khodays Foundation and it is excellent.

Whatever sin the group might have accrued by selling Liquor,in my opinion,is wiped off by this single act.

This temple in KRS Backwaters may be reached from Bangalore from Pandavapura on the Bangalore Mysuru Highway,and from Mysuru from the check post towards Bangalore.

The temple is open between 9am and 7 pm.

The original temple complex was massive, with an area of around 50 acres (20 ha) 100 by 60 yards (91 m × 55 m).

The complex was a symmetrical building enclosed by two ‘prakaras’ and the outer gate (Mahadwara) had verandahs on both sides, flanked by the yagasala and the kitchen. This was enclosed by the second mahadwara, which led to the inner enclosure and was akin to the Somanathapura temple.

The temple had a garbhagriha (sanctum sanctorum), a vestibule, a middle hall and a mukhya mantapa (main hall). The cell opposite to the entrance had a figure of Kesava (Lord Krishna) and the south cell, containing the figure of Gopalakrishna, was a later addition.

When the KRS dam was conceived in 1909, the temple was condemned for submersion. By 1930, the entire erstwhile village of Kannambadi was completely buried underwater. However, the temple would resurface whenever the water levels in the reservoir dropped, typically during drought years. This was most evident around the year 2000.

For more than 70 years the temple lay underwater, when the Khoday Foundation under the guidance of liquor baron and philanthropist Mr. Sri Hari Khoday took up the task of relocating and restoring the temple. It was initially planned to shift the entire complex to Madhuvana Park in Mysore. However, protests from the villagers of Hosa Kannambadi convinced the foundation to shift it to a place near the rehabilitated village. The cost of the project was estimated to be around 2.5 crore.

The new site is about one km to the north of the original site; the backwaters would touch the outer walls of the temple if the water level of the KRS touched 124.80 ft, its maximum capacity. It is 9 km by road from Brindavan Gardens.

The in-house architects of the group had shot the original temple on video, taken over 16,000 photographs, and marked each and every slab used in the construction of the original temple. Each and every temple stone was removed and reconstructed at Hosa Kannambadi with trained artisans and sculptors, with half a dozen experts from Tamil Nadu also involved in the reconstruction.’

Reference and citation.


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Himavad Venugopala Swamy temple.image

Dew Drops On Krishna in Summer,Himvad Gopalaswamy Temple

There seems to be no end to the architectural marvels in the temples of India.

We have temples,where

  • The pillars give out the basic seven notes Carnatic Music,
  • The rays of the Sun fall on the main deity on a particular day/time,
  • The idols change colour daily/hourly/once in Fourteen days,
  • The pillar does not rest on the ground,
  • The shadow of the tower falls on the base,
  • There are thousands pillars,
  • The idol looks male from the front and female from behind,
  • The idol appears to look straight at you,
  • Temples which are aligned at a specific longitudes,
  • Temple tank where one can not look at each other while they bathe on the opposite bank,
  • Where the area near the sanctum feels like air-conditioned ,while other areas are in tune with the temperature outside the temple,
  • Where water drops on the Presiding Deity from the top which has no source of water.

Of the last,that is of water dripping on the Presiding Deity,Moolavar, I have written on the Shiva Temple in Temple.

I have just visited a visited a Vishnu temple where water drops on the Presiding Deity and on the step to the sanctum.

The temple is Himvad Gopalaswamy temple at Himvad Hills located near,about thirty kilometers from Gundlupet.

Private transport is stopped at the base as the hill is a protected Tiger sanctuary.

The climb to the top from the base is about six kilometers and frequent buses are available.

The temple is dedicated to Lord Krishna as Gopalaswamy.

Himvad Gopalaswamy .image

Himvad Gopalaswamy.

The temple is reported to have been constructed in thirteenth century.

The Presiding Deity is Gopalaswamy Krishna and Sage Agastya is reported to have installed it.

One can see few drops dropping on the Presiding Deity,Moolavar and on the step just in front of the sanctum even on a hot summer day.

The roof has no source for water supply.

The water seems to be from the roof stone.

The same construction is found in a Shiva Temple in Tamil Nadu.

The stone,Tamil Literature is called Chandrakantha Kal,meaning stone that attracts Moon’s rays and it converts it into water.

It also draws power from the rays of the Sun.

The temple is well maintained and free food is offered to devotees between 12 and 2 pm.

Nearest airport,Mysuru, Bangalore.

Railway station , Mysuru,Nanjangudu.

Buses are available from Gundlupet and Nanjangudu.

Preferable mode of public transport is from Gundlupet.

Type of Place: Hill and ancient Temple

Situated: Chamarajanagar District, karnataka. INDIA.

Distance: 220 Km from Bangalore; 75 Km from Mysore; 10 kms from Hangala Village, 21kms from Bandipur Reception area.

Transport: Only Karnataka State Government buses ply to the top of the hill.

Information: Private Vehicles / Tourist Vehicles are not allowed to the top of the hill

Timings: 8:30 AM to 4:00 PM

Staying Options: Forest Guest House at Bandipur, Jungle Lodges, M.C.Resorts, Country Club, Cicada Resort.

Lodges in Gundlupet,Nanja Nanjangudu.

Reference and citation from the temple site.





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Gotra Of Shiva Vishnu Brahma

There was a query from one of the readers of this blog as to which Gotra the Trimurthis,Brahma,Vishnu and Shiva belong?

Thrimurthis are Brahma ,Vishnu and Rudra.

Rudra is an aspect of Shiva,and  Not Shiva in His all aspects.

Vishnu is an aspect of Narayana.

The term Vishnu is from the Sanskrit root Jishnu

‘Vishnum Jishnum Mahavishnum prabha Vishnum Maheswaram’ -Vishnu Sahasranama.

Jishnu means ‘supporting,supportive’

As Vishnu is the Protector and supports the Universe,he is called Vishnu.

Narayana is an aspect of Brahman,Reality.

And Vishnu is an aspect of Narayana.

There are two interpretations of the term Narayana.

Narayeti Narayanaha,one who shows Man(Nara) how to Live,conduct Himself.

Another is One who lives in Water(naaram),Ocean of Milk,Ksheera Sagar.

So Vishnu is an aspect of Narayana,who is an aspect of Nirguna (beyond Attributes) Nirguna Brahman,Reality beyond Attributes,a Principle.

Now to the Gotra of Brahma,Vishnu and Rudra.



Sage Kasyapa had thirty three children.

Eleven Rudras,Twelve Adityas,Eight Vasus, Two Aswini Kumaras.

These thirty three are the Primary God’s of Hinduism.

Of them were twelve Adityas,and eleven Rudra.

Therefore Rudra and Vishnu belong to Kasyapa Gotra,by lineage.

As Brahma was born of Vishnu,He belongs to Kasyapa Gotra.

As to Shiva,there is no reference of Him having been of Womb in any of His Avatars.

Therefore Gotra can not be ascribed.

The eleven Rudras.

  1. Nirriti
  2. Shambhu
  3. Aparajita
  4. Mrigavyadha
  5. Kapardi
  6. Dahana
  7. Khara
  8. Ahirabradhya
  9. Kapali
  10. Pingala
  11. Senani

Twelve Adityas.

  1. Vishnu (The head of all the Adityas
  2. Aryama
  3. Indra
  4. Tvashtha
  5. Varuna
  6. Dhata
  7. Bhaga
  8. Parjanya (Savitr?)
  9. Vivasvan
  10. Amshuman
  11. Mitra
  12. Pushya

Reference and citation.



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Gauthama Buddha Brahmin Gauthama Gotra

One of my readers asked me how I arrived at the conclusion that Gautama Buddha was  aa Brahmin.

Buddha’s given name Siddhartha Gautama.

He belonged to Sakhya clan, Kshatriya.

But his genealogy as gleaned from Buddhist texts indicate his ancestry goes back to one of the first Rishis after whom the gotra system of Hindu lineage springs from.

The rishi is Gautama and he was a Brahmin .

There is Gauthama gotra among Brahmins.

He was one of the Rig Vedic Rishis.

Hence Buddha’s given name was Gauthama Siddhartha.

His father was Suddodhana and Mother Maya Devi.

His place of birth Lumbini.

Year is placed between 483 BC.

But I am of the view that he could be dated much earlier.

So,by genealogy he belongs to Brahmin Gotra but by disposition his Varna at the time of his birth was Kshatriya.

This illustrates how dispositions decided Varna,loosely translated as Caste now,and geneology decided The Gotra.

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Micro Drilling Machining Gear Technology 12 Century Hoysaleswara Temple

I have written on the architectural marvels in the temples of India.

Temples that have,

The Sun’s rays falling on the Idol in the Sanctum at a particular day

At a particular time,

Idols that change in color five times a day

Idol that changes color once in Fourteen days in coordination with the New and Full Moon,

Pillars that produce the seven basic notes of Classical Carnatic Music,

Vishnu idol looks as Vishnu but the back looks like a young woman,

Idols that are of minimum twelve feet in height,

Sculpture, where if\nI you drop a pin in the Bow of the sculpture falls to the ground,

Thanjavur Big temple where Twenty ton Nandi is found,

The top kalasam at the top of this temple’s Vimana is about 80 tons,

Konark Sun temple


……… .

You may find articles on each of these temples in this site.

One must remember that the Thanjavur temple was built around 1010 AD and one wonders how they moved a Kalasa of such size and weight up the temple tower,

And there are no rocks nearby and the temple is built with rocks!

I will be writing exclusively on the architecture of Temples in India, Temple wise.

The temples built by the Hoysalas were in no way lagging behind.

The Hoysaleswara temple built by Vishnuvardhana , in Hampi around 12th century AD.

Will write in detail later.

Now let us look at the pillars in the temple.

The surface is smooth and one can find grooves indicating drilling having been used in Twelfth century.

Pillar in Hoysaleswara Temple. Image

Pillar Hoysaleswara Temple, Micro drilling Technology?

Not only this.

One finds a Gear sculpture made in the exact ratio we use now!

Hoysaleswara Temple Sanctum

Polished Pillars with minute grooves, Hoysaleswara Temple Sanctum

I had written on Micro drilling technology in Mahabalipuram temple in Tamil Nadu.

We have Ajanta caves in Maharashtra where the technology used in building these temples in caves makes one suspect Alien technology!

Shall write on Ajanta, UFO base!

Reference and image of Gear sculpture.


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Hanuman meditation.image

Hanuman Vanaras Existed 2,50,000 Years Ago? Homo Heidelbergensis

Ancestors of Homo sapiens were Homo heidelbergensis.

Home sapiens were our ancestors.

Hanuman is described as Chiranjeevi, Immortal.

Vanaras, to which he is reported to belong were not Apes.

Valmiki observes that they could speak and were intelligent

Hanuman had authored Sanskrit Grammar before Panini.

Hanuman is described as Wise.

There are Mantras that are addressed to Hanuman for better communication skills and mental strength.

In the light of following information could it be that Vanaras as a species existed 2,50,000 years ago?

In India?

Indian Thought does not support Darwinian Theory of Evolution

Species co existed.

This is being proved by recent researches in Biology and Archeology.

I had written earlier about Hanuman being possibly the equivalent of Neanderthals.

Hanuman is described as Immortal, Chiranjeevi

.Asia remained as reservoir of all races moving in to Europe.

2.For reasons not very known’ Humans started pushing towards Europe, this is presumed to be due to a cataclysmic event like flood or long dry periods.

3.Access to Europe was easy as the Russian plains were there to cross over effortlessly.

4.The complex structure of European geological features made these groups entering into Europe to become small groups settling n pockets.

The Basques settled in the North of Pyrenees, Celts in Wales,Ireland and north-west of Scotland,Lombard in Italy,

In the Fourth Century AD, out of Asia came the Huns,predecessor of Germans),Tatars.’



Where Lived: Europe; possibly Asia (China); Africa (eastern and southern)
When Lived: About 700,000 to 200,000 years ago

This early human had a very large browridge, and a larger braincase and flatter face than older early human species. It was the first early human species to live in colder climates; their ­­­short, wide bodies were likely and to conserving heat. It lived at the time of the oldest definite control of fire and use of wooden spears, and it was the first early human species to routinely hunt large animals. This early human also broke new ground; it was the first species to build shelters, creating simple dwellings out of wood and rock.

Year of Discovery: 1908
History of Discovery:

In 1908 near Heidelberg, Germany, a workman found the of H. heidelbergensis in the Rösch sandpit just north of the village of Mauer. This was nearly complete except for the missing premolars and first two left molars; it is heavily built and lacks a chin. German scientist Otto Schoentensack was the first to describe the specimen and proposed the name Homo heidelbergensis.

Before the naming of this species, scientists referred to early human fossils showing traits similar to both Homo erectus and modern humans as ‘archaic’ Homo sapiens.

Height: Males: average 5 ft 9 in (175 cm); Females: average 5 ft 2 in (157 cm)
Weight: Males: average 136 lbs (62 kg); Females: average 112 lbs (51 kg)

We don’t know everything about early humans—but we keep learning more! Paleoanthropologists are constantly in the field, excavating new areas with groundbreaking technology, and continually filling in some of the gaps about our understanding of human evolution.

Below are some of the still unanswered questions about Homo heidelbergensis that may be answered with future discoveries:


  1. Did this early human indeed range in time from 1.3 million to 200,000 years ago, and in geography from Africa to Europe to Asia? Or are there more than one species represented among the fossils that some scientists call H. heidelbergensis (including H. antecessor, H. cepranensis, and H. rhodesiensis)?
  2. Many scientists think this species was ancestral tor n, but which species wancDidbehaviorceTheir model begins about 250,000 years ago, when Homo heidelbergensis arrived in India toting crude stone tools. Digs in central India in the 1980s turned up skeletal remains of the species, and other sites revealed almond-shaped hand axes chipped from stone.

Meanwhile in Africa modern humans arose about 190,000 years ago, most archaeologists believe. These humans too developed stone tools


Scattered evidence, such as red ochre—perhaps used as body paint—suggests early African humans also dabbled in the creative arts.

The new theory posits that as much as 70,000 years ago, a group of these modern humans migrated east, arriving in India with technology comparable to that developed by Homo heidelbergensis.

“The tools were not so different,” Petraglia says. “The technology that the moderns had wasn’t of a great advantage over what [Homo heidelbergensis] were using.”

But modern humans outcompeted the natives, slowly but inexorably driving them to extinction, Petraglia says. “It’s just like the story in Western Europe, where [modern humans] drove Neandertals to extinction,” he says.

The modern humans who colonized India may also have been responsible for the disappearance of the so-called Hobbits, whose fossilized bones were discovered recently on the Indonesian island of Flores.

But Athreya of Texas A&M argues that the evidence for such a “replacement event” in India remains weak.

“You have to explain the reasons for the replacement, [such as] technical superiority,” she said.

Reference and Citation.


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Ravana History by Brahmin Somachandra Odisha in Gold

I am checking on the history of Ravana from Sri Lanka.

Though some information is yet to be cross checked, I am providing information that have been checked and will be writing more.

Ravana who was killed by Lord Rama was a Brahmin.

He was also considered to be part Yaksha.

He was also part of the Dravidas of the South and the Naga Loka was considered to be under him.

He was a Sanskrit scholar and an ardent devotee of Lord Shiva.

He ruled vast stretches of territory which included the now sunk Atlantis.

His father in law, Maya built a city in Atlantis.

Maya is also credited with having built Indraprastha, now called Delhi, capital of India.

Ravana had his reserve Army in Atlantis, The Americas.

Ravana is mentioned in Ramayana in detail and all the Eighteen Puranas of India, Mahabharatha, and classics of regional languages of India.

Not only Hindu texts refer to him but Buddhist texts as well.

He was called Ravana Buddha, Buddha denoting Enlightened one.

He wrote Shiva Tandava Stotra, treatises on Astrology and Ayurvedateachers veda.

He is reported to have conquered territories not covered by the Ikshvaku dynasty of Lord Rama.

Information of Ravana abounds in Sinhala , Ceylon.

One such work is Ravana Tales.

Ravana tales was written in Gold plate by a Brahmin, Somachandra Sri Bharathi from Odisha, India.

`Ravana Saga’ were based on the ola manuscript `Ravana

Tales’. The readers will wonder what this `Ravana Tales’

is? What is its history? This concluding chapter is intended

to provide the answer to such concerns.

Dr. Mirandi Obeysekere explains it as follows.

The original Ravana Tales had been written on gold

plates by Somachandra Sri Bharathi, an erudite Brahmin of

Kälinga Dash (presently known as Orissa) to be presented

to King Khallatanaga (110-104 BC) of Murunda dynasty.

However, he could not fulfill his wish as the King died

before the writing was completed.

Prince Marina, the elder son of King Khallatanaga

ascended the throne following the demise of his father

and the book was presented to him. Prince Marina was at

that time ruling in Girandurukotte with Mirandi Villa as

his centre of administration.

This book of gold sheaves was later inherited by his

elder son Prince Marina Senadhilankara and had since then

been passed over to the senior member of the succeeding

generation. Accordingly, it came into the possession of

the Chieftain Mildew Marina Senadhilankara who was

the Chieftain of Eva region. Subsequently it was inherited

by Marina Mahakappina Lanni Bandana Senadhilankana

who was a chieftain of Eva region, from his father Mildew

Marina Senadhilankara.

Erudite successors of this dynasty subsequently

contributed additional pages written on silver and copper

sheets to the original book of Sotuachandra Sri Bharathi.

The book contains factual information about King

Ravana, ancient Kshatriya (royal) families of Canna,

Brahmanic lineage, Naga, Yaksha, Diva clans, ancient

medicine, incantations, illangam and illangam (ancient battle

craft). The contents of the book were subsequently re-

written on Ala leaves and the original gold and copper

sheets had been donated to Mahiyangana temple.

The donation had been done by Adigar Wickramasinghe

(1515-1542 AD), son of General Rajaguru Marina

Mahakappina Lanni Bandana Kenadhilankara. Adigar

Wickramasinghe served as the Chief Adigar (Mama

Adikaratn) of King Jayaweera I (1514- 42 AD)’

Reference and Citation.


Image credit.


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Murugan Married Valli Kumarakoil Padai Veedu, NOT At Thiruthani?

Among the six Major Subrahmanya Temples in Tamil Nadu( Subrahmanya is called Murugan in Tamil), Thiruthani is believed to be the place where Subrahmanya married Valli.

Thiruthani is in the northern parts of Tamil Nadu and a small hillock.

But historical evidence suggests that it is not so and Murugan married Valli in Kumaran Koil in Kanyakumari District, Tamil Nadu and it was a part of Ancient Chera Kingdom of the Tamils.

Nachinarkiniyar , a commentator of ancient Tamil Grammar mentions this fact.

Silapaddikaram, one of the Five Epics of Tamil penned by the brother of the Great Chera King Cheran Chengkuttuvan, mentions this as well.

He was Illangovadigal.

So Thiruthani is not the place where Lord Murugan married Valli and it was Kumaran Koil.

Wherever there is a hill, there is an abode for Lord Murugan.’ True to this saying, there is a beautiful temple for Lord Murugan at the foothill of Velimalai, on the southern tip of the Indian subcontinent, fifteen kilometers northwest of Nagercoil on the road to Thiruvananthapuram, bordering the town of Padmanabhapuram.

Set in scenic surroundings, the temple is renowned among all the Murugan temples in Kanyakumari District. There are many versions as to how the hill derived its name veli malai. Vel was the surname for the Ay rulers. The Ay kingdom was a medieval Hindu feudal kingdom on the Malabar coast of South India. The hill that belonged to the Ay rulers came to be called as Velimalai. It is also known as Velvi Malai since Lord Murugan performed a yagna of sublime love, for the purpose of union of jivatma with Paramatma.

Kumarakovil is also known as Kumara Kshetram and Subrahmanya Sthala in Malayalam. The early Tamil epic Cilappatikkaram refers to the temple as Chera Nattu Aeragam.

Kumarakovil is a very ancient temple, as attested by the massive sculpture of Lord Murugan in a style dating from the Buddhist period. Buddhism probably flourished from 650-850 CE in Kerala. However, the available inscriptions about the temple date from from the 18th century CE only.

The temple is accessed through a flight of forty steep steps. Lord Murugan graces the devotees with His consort Valli. He is faces the east and said to be facing Sthanumalayan (Lord Siva) of Suchindram. The idol of Lord Murugan is a monolithic sculpture measuring eight feet and eight inches in height. Its long ears indicate that it belongs to the Buddhist period. Goddess Valli who adorns the sanctum is six and a half feet tall. Nandipadam and Murugan Padam on the top of the hill are believed to be the imprints of Nandi and Murugan.

Kalyana Vinayakar, who aided His brother in His marriage with Valli is in the right side of the entrance to the inner circumambulatory path. On the western circumambulatory path there is a shrine for Kasi Lingam and on the southern circumambulatory path there are shrines for Mahadevar, Sivakami and Chadikeswarar. The unique feature of this temple is that there is a shrine for Daksha, the maternal grandfather of Lord Murugan.

The sacred tree of the temple is a venerated vengai tree that is a hundred years old. Here, Arumuga Nayinar (Lord Murugan) is flanked by both His consorts, Valli and Deivayanai. This temple is associated with the legends of Valli’s marriage with Murugan. This is said to be the birth place of Valli.

Valli guhai is on the top of the hill which is two kilometers off the main temple, Valli sunai, a pond where Valli took bath, Valli colai, the millet field that Valli guarded, and kizhavan colai is where Murugan came in the disguise of an old man to woo Valli. The protocol of worship offered here is Kerala Tantram.

Celestial Wedding
The divine wedding of Valli and Murugan is celebrated with great fervor in the Tamil month of Panguni (March-April) and is attended by thousands of pilgrims all over the state. Kuravar Patukalam, the war waged by Valli’s relatives against Murugan, is colourfully re-enacted during the divine wedding. The seven-day festival begins in the star of Anuradha in the month of Panguni. On the day of the wedding Manavalakkumaran (processional deity) seated in a palanquin proceeds towards Tiru Kalyana Mandapam which is at a distance of two kilometers from the temple. After the celestial wedding the deities are taken in procession back to the temple.

En route we witness the ceremonial Kuravar patukalam. Kuravas (tribal folk of the hill) wage a war against Lord Murugan in line with the legend associated with Murugan and Valli’s marriage. When the wedded couple reaches the rear entrance of the temple, Kuravas surrender to Lord Murugan and happily consent to the marriage. Then Lord Murugan is propitiated with abhishekam and deeparadhanai and a formal wedding is celebrated at night in the decorated temple mandapam bedecked with flowers. During the marriage, Valli colai, Vatta colai, Kizavan colai…etc are given as gifts to Lord Murugan from the bride’s side. This gift list is read aloud in the assembly. Kum-kum, honey and millet flour are given as prasadam after the divine wedding.’

Source. http://murugan.org/temples/kumarakoil.htm

The temple is considered to be one of the “Padai veedu” (the places where the Lord showered devine powers) of Lord Muruga. The sangam literature “Thirumurugattu Padai” written by poet Nakkeerar refers to the place unique in the sense that the devotees there wear only wet clothes only in the lower part of their body and enter the temple in the early morning with flowers to have oblation. This unique feature of worship is being followed there at Kumaran Koil till date. Prof. N.K. Mangala Murugesan in his book “Muruganin Arupadai veedugal” write, As per Thirumurugattupadai, in Earagthu Murugan temple, the Brahmins who observed a bharamacharya viradha for forty eight years sang veda mantras and the Aruchagas wearing wet lower garments and saying the six letter manthra (ohm saravanabhava) performed archanas. This practice is in vogue in Kumara shetram even now. On this basis, Earagam is Kumara shethram or Subramania Sthala besides the western ghats.

The Tamil epic “Silappathykaram” written by Illangovadigal refers four shetras (temples) as Padai veedu of Lord Muruga. Silappathikaram Vanji Kandam refers to,-“seerkezhu Senthilum, Sengodum, Venkuntum, Eragamum Neenga Eraivankai Vel …..” These are perhaps Thruchendur, Palani, Thirupparankuntam, Kumarakoil (Thiruveragam) situate in present-day Madurai, Thoothukudi and Kanyakumari Districts. Some say that venguntu is Swamimalai. How it could be that scholars like Elangovadigal omit the place at which murugan married Deivanai, that too very near to the city of Madurai which is the theme centre of Silappathikaram. After burning Madurai, Kannagi went alongside Vaigai river and reached Western ghats. There, the people saw Kannagi and enquired about her. They exclaimed that you are like our Valli, but you are in distress. Who are you? Mangala Devi Koil dedicated to Kannagi by the Madurai King Cheran Chenguttuvan is in the Mangaladevi mountains alongside Periyaru river. This enhance the belief that Valli was brought up in western ghats.

Nachinarkuenier who had written meaning (arumpathavurai) for the poetry Thirumurugattupadai asserted that Earagam is ‘Malai Nattu Oru Thiruppathi’. Malai Nadu means Cheralam now known as Kerala. Veli Malai was part of Travancore Samasthanam in olden days. The place was part of Cherala Nadu when Silapathigaram was written. After Independence too this place was part of the present Kerala State. After a prolonged agitation under the leadership of great leaders like Nesamani Nadar, Ponnappa Nadar etc., the taluks of Thovalai, Agastheeswaram, Kalkulam, Vilavancode, and half of Neyyatinkarai were ceded to Tamil Nadu.

Source. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kumarakovil

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Subrahmanya,Hindu God. Image

Swamymalai Arupadai Veedu Is Not Thiruveragam, Velimalai Kumaran Koil Is?

There are six major temples dedicated to Lord Subrahmanya, called Murugan in Tamil Nadu.

They are,




Pazhamudhir Solai,

Thiruthani and


These six temples were called thus by Saint Arunagirinathar in the fourteenth century.

I have been checking on the special temples of Murugan from Tamil Classics, Skanda Purana, Silappadikaram, one of the Five Epics of Tamil from Sangam age and Thirumurugatrupadai by Nakkeerar , the earliest hymn on Murugan in Tamil.

I also checked with ancient Tamil Land Lemuria and Mu.

The landmass was different then.

Please check my articles on Lemuria, Mu, Rodina, Pangea, Sundaland.

Now Murugan is considered to be the personification of Tamil language which was founded by Lord Shiva and Sage Agastya.

Murugan was also involved.

When we look at the location of the six abodes of Murugan, ஆறுபடை வீடு, we find that none of them seem to fit perfectly with the landmass associated with Murugan.

Murugan is described as the God of Mountains and adjoining lands called Kurinji in Tamil, குறிஞ்சி.

Thiruchendur is on the seashore.

Palani, Thiruthani, Swamymalai and Thiruparankundram are small hills.

Pazhamudhir Solai is a forest.

So, going by Sangam definition I checked.

I have found that Kumaran Kovil near Thackalay in Kanyakumari district seems to fit one of the major temples of Murugan.

IT is in the Western Ghats, down deep south in agreement with ancient landmass and Lankan chronicles call Murugan as Kattrama and Valli the consort of Murugan.

And Thiruveragam, the old name seems to fit Velimalai in Kumaran Koil.

So it looks as though Swamymalai is not Thiruveragam.

And Thiruthani is not where Murugan married Valli.

Tiruttani constitutes one of the six Padai Veedu shrines of Skanda (Lord Subramanya), and it represents the site where Subramanya stayed after destroying the demon Surapadman. Tiruttani is said to be the place where the Lord Subramanya married Valli – one of his two consorts.


Here is the famous Subrahmanya (Muruga ) Temple by the name of “Velimalai Kumaraswamy Temple’. The temple was built on a hill named ‘Velimalai’. The name “Veli” was named from the malayalam word “veli” means marriage.It is the place where marriage of Murugan and Valli was done. Koravans used to come to the temple for marriage of valli ,since valli devi belongs to koravan community.Lord Muruga and his consort Goddess Valli are the main deities. It is believed that they married here. It is built on a rocky terrain about 200 feet in height.
The rock cut temple with stone carvings is a splendid structure. A large water body is seen in the surrounding. Majority of the devotees are from Kerala state. A police party and band from Kerala state is present on certain celebrations of this grand temple. Many children get their first feed (choor\Oonu kodupu) in this temple. There is a shed for holy animals- cow, bull, peacock in the temple courtyard. Kuramakoil is one of the holiest places for Hindus. It is about 34 kilometers from Kanyakumari and around 50 km from Trivandrum airport.

Kumarakoil is one of the important and renowned among the Murugan temples in the district of Kanyakumari Tamil Nadu. It is located near Thuckalay, 15 km from Nagercoil. Kumara Koil, also called “Kumara Shethram” and “Subramania Sthala” in Malayalam language, and “Thiruveragam” in ancient Tamil scripts is at the foot hills of the Velimalai Hills also known as “Velvi Malai”, and Merkada malai means the southern end of the western ghats. Prior to 1950, Kanyakumari District was first with Chera Kingdom (Chera Nadu) and later with Trivancore samasthanam (province) and then with present-day Kerala State. During Tamil Sangam period, Kumara Koil was known as Thiruveragam as evidenced from Thirumurugattupadai, the sangam literature written by poet Nakkeerar. The name of the temple has changed since Tamil Sangam period, under the successive rulers of the area. Thus, Kumara koil is also known as Thiruveragam (Thiru Earagam), Malai Nattu Oru Thiruppathi, Subramania Sthala, Kumara Shethra etc.

The temple is built on the foot hills of Veli Malai where, according to legends, Lord Muruga enacted a drama to win the heart of Valli the divine child found in the hillock by Nambi Arasan, a chieftain ruled over the place with Thirukurangudi (Valliyoor) as his capital. The temple faces east and can be reached by a flight of thirty eight steps. Beyond the comparatively small but beautiful rajagopuram, Veerabagu and Veeramagendra stand guard of the Lord. The statue of Muruga in the Moolasthanam is in standing posture…..

In the history of the temple written by Shri Annalar Adigal, it is stated that, the present day Kerala was known as Malay Nadu(Sandalwood Country-Malay in sanskrit means sandalwood)aka MalayAlaya ( Abode of Sandalwood). The present day Veli malai was known as Velvi malai. Before that it was known as Merkadamalai, means last part of the western ghats. As an evidence, he refers to a stone carving found in Thirunanthikarai, about ten miles from Kumarakoil wherein it reads ‘Rajaathitha Thevan Perumpadai Nayagar Malai Nattu Nanthikarai Puthur’ and another stone carving found at Thiruvithangode, reads “Malaimandalathu Ravivarmaraya Kulasekaraperuman peruntheruvil chetti Velayuthaperuman” These evidences conform to the assertion of Nachinarkiniyar that Earagam is Malai Nattu Oru Thirupathi
Velimalai is the southern tip of western ghats and Kumarakoil is in the foothills of Velimalai There are ample evidence to show Kumarakoil is the Earagam referred to in Silappadikaram.

Prof. N.K. Mangala Murugesan in his book “Muruganin Arupadai veedugal” write, As per Thirumurugattupadai, in Earagthu Murugan temple, the Brahmins who observed a bharamacharya viradha for forty eight years sang veda mantras and the Aruchagas wearing wet lower garments and saying the six letter manthra (ohm saravanabhava) performed archanas. This practice is in vogue in Kumara shetram even now. On this basis, Earagam is Kumara shethram or Subramania Sthala besides the western ghats.

The Tamil epic “Silappathykaram” written by Illangovadigal refers four shetras (temples) as Padai veedu of Lord Muruga. Silappathikaram Vanji Kandam refers to,-“seerkezhu Senthilum, Sengodum, Venkuntum, Eragamum Neenga Eraivankai Vel …..” These are perhaps Thruchendur, Palani, Thirupparankuntam, Kumarakoil (Thiruveragam) situate in present-day Madurai, Thoothukudi and Kanyakumari Districts. Some say that venguntu is Swamimalai. How it could be that scholars like Elangovadigal omit the place at which murugan married Deivanai, that too very near to the city of Madurai which is the theme centre of Silappathikaram. After burning Madurai, Kannagi went alongside Vaigai river and reached Western ghats. There, the people saw Kannagi and enquired about her. They exclaimed that you are like our Valli, but you are in distress. Who are you? Mangala Devi Koil dedicated to Kannagi by the Madurai King Cheran Chenguttuvan is in the Mangaladevi mountains alongside Periyaru river. This enhance the belief that Valli was brought up in western ghats.

Nachinarkuenier who had written meaning (arumpathavurai) for the poetry Thirumurugattupadai asserted that Earagam is ‘Malai Nattu Oru Thiruppathi’. Malai Nadu means Cheralam now known as Kerala. Veli Malai was part of Travancore Samasthanam in olden days. The place was part of Cherala Nadu when Silapathigaram was written. After Independence too this place was part of the present Kerala State. After a prolonged agitation under the leadership of great leaders like Nesamani Nadar, Ponnappa Nadar etc., the taluks of Thovalai, Agastheeswaram, Kalkulam, Vilavancode, and half of Neyyatinkarai were ceded to Tamil Nadu. In the intermittent period, when Earagam was with Cheralam, the scholars like Arunagirinathar ( 15th century) a staunch devotee of Lord Muruga was probably interested in creating one of the padai veedu in the vicinity of Kumbakonam, one of the temple cities in Tamil Nadu. In the belief that the people of Tamil Nadu had lost track of Thiruveragam, one of the Padai Veedu referred to in ancient scriptures, he had written that Earagam is Swami Malai, without considering the fact that Illangovadigal, lived thousands of years before him had written that Earagam is in Chera Nadu. Swami malai is in erstwhile Chola Nadu. The temple dedicated to Lord Muruga there is in the top of a man made hillock and the existing landmarks and practice referred to about Earagam in Thirumurugattupadai is lacking there.

Reference and Citation.


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Sraddha Snake Last Rites Details Kukke Subrahmanya for Welfare Disease Relief

If one comes across problems in life, it is natural to look for solutions, which may not, in my opinion need not, stand to reason.

The popularity of some practices belong to this.

When one finds himself/herself in deep trouble or concerned with some issues, which can not be solved by normal means, one seeks things that are beyond normal.

These are the vows taken by people despite their religious leanings, Caste, creed.

This applies to the Rationalists (?),as well, who resort to these practices on the sly.

A Temple which is famous for solving problems relating to,

Childless people,



Nervous debility,


Ear disorders,

Life threatening diseases, and

Skin diseases.

Apart from this this temple is known for absolving one of the curse dosha that accrues because of killing Snake, Sarpa Dosha.

It is believed that performing Sarpasamskara, meaning the last Rites for Snake, is an atonement for having killed a snake intentionally or otherwise.

(leave alone the absolving one of sin, but look at the Humane consideration for a reptile by the Hindus. I may note here that Hindus Shanti Mantra places the welfare of the plant life first and places the welfare of humans later.. ‘Urdhvam jigadhu beshajam, sanno asthu dwipadey sanchatushpathe’ may water spread from roots to the top, may the two legged be happy, may the four legged be happy’)

The harmed snake is either dead or injured.

So in Sarpasamskara, the last Rites are performed for the snake if it is dead and if it is injured, a prathima or an idol is placed in the moolasthana of Subrahmanya.

Sarpasamskara has the following.

The final Rites are performed including ten days tharpanam, Apa Thapa Upasamanam , that is the satisfying of incomplete cravings of the snake and the fulfilled yet sought after objects, as one would for a human.

For last Rites of humans please read my articles.

And Homa is performed and the snake’s body in the form of a representation is consigned to the flames of the Homa.

As in Vedic Rites Pindapradhana is performed with eight rice balls.

As in humans, the pindas are mixed and promoted to higher lokas.

Then sixty four dhanas, gifts are distributed including Cow, food for Brahmins.

As this is the last rite and as such is not an auspicious occasion.

Hence one is asked to take bath after the Homa.

I may note here that one should eat once and go without dinner the day preceding the Sarpasamskara, as one would do for one’s ancestor’s annual ceremony or Sraddha.

One can take food on the day of Sarpasamskara after the Homa at the temple and can take only lite refreshments in the night.

No onion, Garlic, non vegetarian.

The next day one visits the temple for Sarpa pratishta in the temple where the image, idol is kept in moolasthana room.

Sarpasamskara procedure on line Kukke Subrahmanya.

. SARPA SAMSKARA inclusive of Nagaprathishta (For relief from sarpahathya dosha): For this seva, devotees have to register their names in the temple office by paying ₹ 3,200.00 (Rupees Three Thousand only) either by cash in person or by the Bank D.D. in favor of Kukke Shree Subrahmanya Temple along with complete address and contact numbers. This seva can be booked online too. The devotees who have undergone Upanayana Samskara and performed Pithrukarma can undertake this ritual themselves. For others the temple office will allocate Kriya Karthu on their behalf. The registered devotes will be informed the date of the commencement of the seva. Such devotees have to be stay here for two days. A room will be reserved for the Seva, but room rent has to be paid separately. This Seva can be performed on all day except Dashami, Ekadashi, Gokulastami, Shivarathri, Grahana (Eclips) and during the annual festival for 15 days.

  • Seva devotees after bath in the holy Kumaradhara and Darshana of Lord Subrahmanya should report at 8.30 a.m. on the booked date at Adi Subrahmanya in the venue reserved for them.
  • Follow the instructions given by the Purohitha regarding rituals.
  • Partake forenoon PRASADA at 1.00 noon and evening tiffin at 6.00 p.m. in the SHANMUKHA DINING HALL. (upstairs). Night meals are forbidden.
  • Food and tiffin arrangements are limited to 4 people per one Seva.
  • Next day morning after bath report at the very same venue at 5.30 a.m. and have tiffin at 7.30 a.m. in the Dining Hall.
  • Report at NAGAPRATHISHTA Mantapa in the outer quadrangle of the Kukke Sri Subrahmanya Temple after Pradakshina. Soon after midday MAHAPOOJA the Archaka concerned will conduct Nagaprathishta Partake PRASADAM.
  • Seva fee of ₹ 3,200.00 is inclusive of Dana Dakshina to Purohitha, Kriya Karthu, Brahmacharis and Godana. Hence if anybody insists or demands for extra payment, complaint can be lodged at the temple office.
  • Temple entry is forbidden on the first day of the seva.
  • Avoid unofficial advice. Temple administration is not responsible if devotees land in trouble by misinformation / disinformation.
  • For any clarification contact Temple Office only.
  • Info from.


Featured post

Ramani’s blog Quoted In White House Policy Brief on Aging

Information from Ramani’s blog was quoted in US White House Policy Briefing on Ageing and Elders’ Abuse in 2015.

Yet another is on Family values.

This makes me work harder to check and cross check what I write.

I am also happy that eight doctorates have been obtained, most of them in France by taking references from Ramani’s blog.

I would request readers to point out inaccuracies in this blog.

Needless to say that such information must be authentic and contain authentic sources/Links.

I do not consider my self as infallible nor am I quite learned.

I explore with an open mind.

My aim is to present facts from authentic sources for the benefit of the common man.

I try to avoid jargon.

I try to present World/Indian History as it happened and without bias.

Especially Indian History which is taught is mere mis/disinformation.

‘Asathoma Sathgamaya’

Lead Me from Untruth to Truth.

Regards to my Readers.

Elder Justice

As Americans live longer and technology becomes increasingly sophisticated, older Americans face new challenges and opportunities. While technology is helping individuals to live longer and healthier lives, older Americans may be susceptible to financial exploitation and other forms of elder abuse.

Elder abuse is a serious public health problem affecting millions of older Americans each year, with some studies suggesting that as few as one in 23 cases is reported to authorities. Elder abuse is defined as intentional actions that cause harm or create a serious risk of harm to an older person (whether or not harm is intended). Elder abuse encompasses physical abuse, neglect, financial exploitation, sexual abuse, as well as emotional and psychological abuse.

Preventing, identifying, and responding to elder abuse requires a multifaceted approach because abuse does not fit a single pattern. Elder abuse is a “complex cluster of distinct but related phenomena” that involves health, legal, social service, public safety, and financial issues, and therefore calls for a coordinated and sustained response across multiple disciplines. The term “elder justice” refers to the collective action taken by public and private partners to address elder abuse. These partners may include federal, state, local, and tribal entities, as well as private organizations that respond to elder abuse in all its forms.……

This study was done over the phone and screened out for dramanan50.files.wordpress.com/…/…0636546_n.jpgementia. Since we know that dementia increases the likelihood of abuse and that isolation is a key risk factor in abuse, these statistics are likely understated. In fact, a 2009 study revealed that close to 50% of people with dementia experience some kind of abuse. (Cooper, C, Selwood, A., Blanchard, M., Walker, Z., Blizard, R., & Livingston, G. (2009) Abuse of people with dementia by family carers: Representative cross sectional survey. British Medical Journal, 338, b155) Any other medical condition with a 14% prevalence rate would be considered an epidemic!
It is also critical to highlight that the issue of elder abuse, neglect and exploitation is primarily a family issue and is not limited to nursing homes and home care providers. In fact, over 90% of elder abuse happens at the hands of one’s own family and friends (see https://outofthefog.net/Statistics.html or ramanan50.files.wordpress.com/…/…0636546_n.jpg )

Source and Citation.


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Aaruvelu Brahmins History

Brahmins whose duty was priesthood, took to other vocations over a period of time.

Some took to other professions fully while some continued both priestly duties and other professions.

Yet some remained only with priestly duties, like the Vaidika Brahmins.

Brahmins, contrary to what is being projected as outsiders, were a part of Sanatana Dharma and were present throughout Bharatavarsha.

Yet there were migrations of the community from one part of Bharatavarsha to another.

As Sanatana Dharma extended throughout the world there is no question of anyone coming from outside into India.

For instance the migration of Niyogi Brahmins from Multan, now in Pakistan into India is not real migration into India as Brahmins were living in Bharatavarsha earlier to this period as part of Pancha Dravidas.

One of the Brahmin groups is the Aaruvelu Brahmins.

They speak Telugu but are spread throughout India.

Aaruvelu means six thousand.

Six thousand Brahmins are grouped to form Aaruvelu Brahmins.

Essentially there is no difference among Brahmins.

Different names have been assigned based on the geographical locations where they settled, the additional duties they undertook, and number of families that constitute a group.

Thus we have Vadamas of Tamil Nadu who settled on the Northern banks of River Cauvery,

Vaathima a, who took primarily to priestly duties like Vaidika Brahmins and Astasahasram which consists of Eight Thousand families of Brahmins like the Aaruvelu Brahmins….

‘The Smarta Brahmins in Andhra Pradesh can be grouped into two major divisions formed about a thousand to 700 years ago (most probably during Kakatiya rule), Niyogi and Vaidiki, besides the smaller group of Bhatt. This classification is based on their inherent ability and Masterity in Administration, Spiritual Practices and cooking respectively.

Traditionally believed to have descended from Lord Parasurama, Niyogi Brahmins are those Brahmins who are into various secular vocations including military activities and gave up religious vocation, especially the priesthood just like Bhumihar Brahmins in north India who largely gave up priesthood. There is a lot of brotherhood between Niyogi Brahmins and Bhumihar Brahmins. The Bhumihar Brahmins, of whom many, though not all, belong to the Saryupareen Brahmin division of Kanyakubja Brahmins. The Bhumihar Brahmins were established when Parashurama destroyed the Kshatriya race, and he set up in their place the descendants of Brahmins, who, after a time, having mostly abandoned their priestly functions (although some still perform), took to land-owning.’

Pancha Dravidas

There are some references.

One states that Sage Viswamitra had his fifty sons ostracised to Dravida Desa for questioning his authority and these people intermarried with the Dravidas.

One of their descendants, Apasthamba compiled the Vedas in yet another form in the form of Sutras, called the Apasthamba Sutras.

This sutra incorporates some practices of the Dravidians like the wearing of Mangal Sutra in a Marriage.


Reference and Citation.

Aarama Brahmins


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Christu Bhagavatham book. Image

Kristhu Bhagvatham Christ Life Sanskrit, Beware Attempt At Legitimacy

Indians must remember that their history was distorted under the name of Secularism and misinformation and disinformation about Hinduism was being promoted and is continuing even now.

Christianity and Islam believe in numbers.

They have different approaches.

Islam, the method of Sword.

Christianity is subtle while converting Hindus.


  • Offer inducement, cash, kinds and both,
  • Offer their services solicitiously at the time of personal grief or one is low financially or emotionally and exploit,
    Opening educational institutions and subtly inject Christianity,
  • Offer their solace at the time of bereavement in the family, they have groups watching obituary columns, wait for non Hindu deaths and send out letters- when my brother expired in August 2017 I received communication from a Christian group offering to come to our home to comfort us!
  • Another method is to seek legitimacy by claiming that Christ was predicted in Hindu Puranas, Christianity is a form of Hinduism,
  • Jesus was a Yogi,
  • Jesus learnt Yoga in Kashmir and the Tomb of Christ is in Kashmir,
  • Calling themselves Brahmins and convert Hindus,
  • Prepared Christ Suprabath and Christ Sahasranama.

I have refuted these in my articles and some of them can be found as related posts

I have noticed that Christians have published a Christ Bhagavatham on the lines of Indian Purana Bhagavatham.

Kristhu Bhagavatham is in Sanskrit with thirty three cantos following the Epic Grammar of Sanskrit Mahakavyas.

And many prominent Hindus have appreciated the effort, hardly realising that this piece can be quoted as authentic even to date Christ, by manipulating timeliness by some self styled researcher!

I have noticed that this piece is being spoken as a Mahakavyas and is gaining legitimacy.

Sahitya Academy has awarded this work..

Unless we record that this work as an attempt at converting Hindus, by writing in Sanskrit, History in the not too distant future would record Kristhu Bhagavatham as the Nineteenth Purana or a Upa Puran.

I am recording this now here digitally that this Kristhu Kaavya is an attempt to seek legitimacy among Hindus to convert them.

In fact, this method of conversion is taking place now.

Kristubhagavatam: A Mahakavya in Sanskrit based on the life of Jesus Christ (Sanskrit: क्रिस्तुभागवतम्; Kristubhāgavatam or Kristu-Bhāgavatam) is a Sanskrit epic poem on the life of Jesus Christcomposed by P. C. Devassia (1906–2006), a Sanskrit scholar and poet from Kerala, India. For composing the Kristubhagavatam, Devassia won several awards, including the Sahitya Akademi Award for Sanskrit (1980). Composed in 1976 and first published in 1977, the poem consists of 33 cantos and over 1600 verses. As a mahakavya, it represents the most prestigious genre of Sanskrit epic poetry, characterized by ornate and elaborate descriptions

On the one hand, Christ is a historical figure, and I must narrate his life objectively; on the other hand, a Sanskrit Mahakavya must conform to certain norms laid down by Sanskrit rhetoricians. These norms require free play of the imagination. This is often incompatible with objective narrative. I did not fancy the idea of translating the Bible into Sanskrit. I wanted my work to be really a Mahakavya, a literary piece, which anyone conversant with Sanskrit language should be able to read and enjoy. I have taken as my guide Fulton Oursler, who, in his “The Greatest Story Ever Told“, tells the story of Christ and fills in the details left out in the gospels by means of his fertile imagination.


Look how he imitates Valmiki in prologue?


In his foreword, V. Raghavan wrote that the first efforts of the Christian missionaries to produce Christian literature in Sanskrit resulted in “translations of the Bible, which were all miserable.”:ii In contrast the Kristubhagavatam is the first major Sanskrit poem on the “whole life of Christ,” and Devassia “follows all the norms and practices of the Mahakavya, but does not indulge in too many figures or descriptions…. The style is simple and clear, endowed as it is with the Gunas of ‘Prasada‘ and ‘Saukumarya.’[3]:2[8]Furthermore,

Not only the incidents, the miracles, etc. are faithfully given, but also the famous sayings of Christ… are incorporated in appropriate terms. [There is also] inclusion of apt analogies and comparisons with personalities and situations in the two Sanskrit Epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, as also in the Puranas, and occasionally with some well-known happenings in modern India, like the killing of Gandhiji…. No effort is spent to make the poem over-coloured or loaded with displays of learning or skill: it is always simple and straightforward, in the much valued ‘Vaidarbhi’


Raghavan added that in Devassia’s state of Kerala, “where Sanskrit and Malayalam have blended into a homogeneous amalagam, the community of Sanskritists is a commonwealth of Hindus, Christians and Muslims…. one finds here an Indian approach and an Indian presentation of the life of Christ


the sonority of Sanskrit gives a fresh morning splendour and resonance to Jesus’ divine ministry. Mary held Joseph’s hand as Arundhati did Vasishtha’s; Just as Vasudevahid his son Krishna in Nanda’s house, so did Joseph take Jesus to Egypt for his safety; Lazarus’ sisters embraced him as he emerged out of his tomb, even as Devayani embraced Kacha as he revived after death…. in betraying Jesus with a kiss, wasn’t Judasanticipating Godse who was to kill the Mahatma after first saluting him? The similes come naturally, and rather bring out the basic unity of texture that binds all human history

In summary, K. R. Srinivasa Iyengar concluded that the Kristubhagavatam is…

…a double demonstration, firstly that Sanskrit is by no means a ‘dead language’ but is very much and gloriously alive; and secondly, that Jesus is not the Christians’ Messiah alone, but one of the pathfinders, one of the redeemers, of humanity as a whole. His message of Love has a permanent and potent significance for all mankind.

How gullible these people who have heaped encomiums on a piece meant to destroy your religion?

One’s finger blinding one’s own eye!

Reference and Citation.


Featured post

Maga Brahmins From Multan Healer Priests, Scythians?

Brahmins were an integral part of Sanatana Dharma of India, contrary to the misinformation that they were Aryans who entered India through Khyber Pass.

From where did the Brahmins come from

History of Brahmins in India.

Despite mounting, verified evidence to the contrary, attempts are being made to twist facts and prove that there was foreign immigration into India.

This will be evident when one reads about the Maga Brahmins from India who were brought to India by Samba, Lord Krishna’s son through Jambavathi.

Samba suffered from leprosy because of a curse by Sage Durvasa and was cured of the disease after worshiping Aditya, The Sun God at Multan, originally called as Kashyapa Pura after Sage Kashyapa.

This town is now in Multan and the temple is in ruins.

Please read my article on this.

Samba, after being cured of this disease had arranged for the Brahmin priests of Multan to go over to India.

They were the Maga Brahmins and were also proficient in Ayurveda and were called the Priest Healers.

The Western sources, including Wikipedia suggest that the Maga Brahmins trace their ancestry to Iranians and Scythians.

But the fact is that Iranians and Scythians were from Sanatana Dharma.

I furnish information on Maga Brahmins and about how the Scythians were from Sanatana Dharma.

Maga Brahmins.

Sakaldwipiya Brahmins (or Bhojaka Brahmins or Maga Brahmins) is a class of Hindu Brahmin priests and Ayurvedateachers (acharyas) and practitioners, with significant concentrations of their populations occurring in Western and Northern India with Scythian roots. The name can also be spelled as Shakdvipi, Shakdwipi, Shakdweepi, Shakdvipiya, Shakdwipiya, Shakdweepiya, Shakadwipi, and Sakadwipi….

The Sakaldwipiya Brahmins of India identify themselves as having Iranian roots, and assert that they inherit their by-name mragha from a group of priests who established themselves in India as the Mragha-Dias or Maga-Brahmins. The doctrinal basis for that assertion is found in Bhavishya Purana133.

As such, the Sakaldwipiya are one of only two Brahmin groups who are said to have originated outside India, even if about half their clan names (gotras) are the same as those of other Brahmins.

.. The tale of the arrival of the Sakaldwipiyas appears to have been part of living tradition for many centuries. The Govindpurinscription of 1137-1138 refers to a maga family of Gaya, Bihar that was celebrated for its learning, Vedic scholarship and poetic faculty, and who descended from one of the original Samba.. invitees….. ‘

Reference and Citation.


Origin of Scythians.

Now look at the Map.

You would find the landmass now we call India, then called Bharatvarsha extended beyond the Mountain in the North to another landmass marked as Scythia.

These Scythians were a part of Sanatana dharma and were called Milechas, that i those who did not follow fire worship.

They belonged to Sanatana dharma but did not follow fire worship mentioned in the vedas like the southerners, Dravidians, Tamils, who were followers of Sanatana dharma ,worshiped Shiva,Krishna,Durga, Subrahmanya,.varuna and Indra but not Agni, Fire……

In the above list you may notice that from Mathura onward to Suren are Sanskrit names as also Haraiva.

The other tribes can be traced back to some more tribes of Bharata Varsha.’

Scythians from Sanatana Dharma

.Scythians from Sanatana Dharma.

I think they were settled in, apart from Gaya, in Maharashtra as well and they were a part of Mulukkanadu Brahmins.

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