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Kingdoms India Vedic Pre Vedic Janapadas Over 200 ‘ Lands And People’

Normally the,Rig Veda is taken to be the oldest literary work of Mankind and it is dated around 5000 years back.

I do not agree with this as Ramayana is dated at 5114 and Ramayana and Puranas,which are earlier to Ramayana quote Vedas.

It is further confounded by the fact that Ramayana is mentioned in the Vedas.

(This is where the Time as Cyclic comes into play)

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I am trying to trace Kings List of India from various sources,including Indian Puranas,Ramayana,Mahabharata,Raghuvamsa ,Kalhana’s Rajatharngini and foreign sources,Megasthanes,Periplus,Strabo from Greece.

The information is scanty because Indians considered History,along with subjects which are useful for day to day Life as Lower Knowledge,Apara Vidya and it is not worth pursuing for the Higher Knowledge,Para Vidya,that is the Knowledge of the Self is worth pursuing.

However information can be found if one looks carefully among various Indian texts and cross check.

Another reason is the systematic mis/disinformation about India by the Invaders.

Another issue one find is the Concept of Time.

According to Hinduism ,Time is Cyclic and not Linear.

Quantum has just validated this concept.

So fixing a Time frame is difficult for events relating to distant past.

However,I am attempting to reconstruct,knowing fully well,my information would need updating at regular intervals ,depending on new evidences being unearthed.

Normally the,Rig Veda is taken to be the oldest literary work of Mankind and it is dated around 5000 years back.

I do not agree with this as Ramayana is dated at 5114 and Ramayana and Puranas,which are earlier to Ramayana quote Vedas.

It is further confounded by the fact that Ramayana is mentioned in the Vedas.

(This is where the Time as Cyclic comes into play)

Kingdoms referred to by the Vedas are called Janapada,Mahajanapadas,.

These words indicate the transition period from Bronze to Iron Age.

That is between 1500 BC to 5000 BC.

This itself is incorrect as Ramayana is dated around 5000 years back and Ayodhya Kingdom was an advanced civilization and not one that could have flourished during Iron,Bronze Ages.

So the dates could be pushed further back.

However,on the basis of available evidence from the Vedas,the Land was classified into five regions and Janapadas,meaning People and Land.

  • Udichya (Northern region)
  • Prachya (Eastern region)
  • Dakshina (Southern region)
  • Pratichya (Western region)
  • Madhya-desha (Central region)

The Vedic literature mentions the following janas or janapadas:

The Puranas mention seven sub-divisions of ancient India

  • Udichya (Northern region)
  • Prachya (Eastern region)
  • Dakshinapatha (Southern region)
  • Aparanta (Western region)
  • Madhya-desha (Central region)
  • Parvata-shrayin (Himalayan region)
  • Vindhya-prashtha (Vindhyan region)

…..

According to research by political scientist Sudama Misra, the Puranic texts mention over 150 janapadas:

https://books.google.co.in/books?id=Dua1AAAAIAAJ&redir_esc=y

Mahabharata mentions 230 Kingdoms/lands.

Reference and citations.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Janapada

http://veda.wikidot.com/kingdoms-of-ancient-india

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Lord Rama Grandmother Pandyan Princess Indumadhi

Puranas and Ithihasas,Ramayana and Mahabharatha are dismissed because they are religious texts(?).

Yet they would accept the Bible!
Rama’s ancestor Sibi,a Chola King built the Thiruvellarai Temple,about 10 km from Srirangam,Tamil Nadu in honour of Lord Vishnu as Pundarikaksha.


Indian historians,if there be any, being Secular (?) Anglophiles,are a strange species.

They would accept accept as Gospel the information provided by Greek Historians like Thucydides,others like Plutarch and Edward Gibbon,would brush aside Indian History recorded by Puranas,Ramayana,Mahabharatha,Kalidasa’s Raghuvamsa as myths.

Puranas and Ithihasas,Ramayana and Mahabharatha are dismissed because they are religious texts(?).

Yet they would accept the Bible!

Despite Kalidasa naming Raghuvamsa,meaning the Lineage of Raghu,ancestor of Rama,Raghuvamsa is ignored for history researches!

Why?

I shall be presenting information from Raghuvamsa on the Lineage of Raghu and Rama.

I have written with evidence that Manu was a Dravidian and there was no Aryan Invasion.

I have also written on the Ikshvaku Dynasty,the Solar Dynasty,Suryavansha.

Lord Rama’s Sister Shanta was married to Rishyashrunga of Sringeri,presently in Karnataka.

Rama’s ancestor Sibi,a Chola King built the Thiruvellarai Temple,about 10 km from Srirangam,Tamil Nadu in honour of Lord Vishnu as Pundarikaksha.

Details of the temple can be had from this site.

Details of the lineages of Ramayana and Seetha are described in the Bala Kandahar of Valmiki Ramayana.

naabhaagasya bhabhuuva aja ajaat dasharatho abhavat |
asmaat dasharathaat jaatau bhraatarau raama lakSmaNau || 1-70-43

43. naabhaagasya aja bhabhuuva= Naabhaaga’s, Aja, became – son; ajaat dasharathaH abhavat= from Aja, Dasharatha, is manifest; asmaat dasharathaat= from him, from Dasharatha,; bhraatarau raama lakSmaNau jaatau= brothers, Rama, Lakshmana, are born.

“Aja was Naabhaaga’s son and from Aja, this Dasharatha is manifest, and from him, from this Dasharatha, these brothers, Rama and Lakshmana are born… [1-70-43]’

http://www.valmikiramayan.net/bala/sarga70/bala_70_frame.htm

Rama was the son of Dasaratha and therefore the grandson of Aka.

Aja married Indumathi,a Pandyan Princess at her Swayamvara.

The suitor-princes assemble in the hall where Indumati enters with garland in hand fully robed as a selecting bride creating a sensation among the assembled princes. She is chaparoned by her nurse named lady sunanda under whose guidance she passes on from prince to prince until she comes in front of Aja; she looks lovingly at him and puts the garland round his neck much to the chagrin of the rival suitors and to the approval of the populace who express it by vociforous acclamations. – KMG

Notes and commentary of Kishanrao Madhavarao Joglekar on this 6th canto is made available here 1 MB pdf for further reading….

.

स तत्र मञ्चेषु मनोज्ञवेषान्सिंहासनस्थानुपचारवत्सु|
वैमानिकानाम् मरुतामपश्यदाकृष्टलीलान्नरलोकपालान्॥ ६-१

sa tatra mañceṣu manojñaveṣānsiṁhāsanasthānupacāravatsu|
vaimānikānām marutāmapaśyadākṛṣṭalīlānnaralokapālān || 6-1

sa tatra ma~nceShu manoj~naveShAnsi.nhAsanasthAnupacAravatsu |
vaimAnikAnAm marutAmapashyadAkR^iShTalIlAnnaralokapAlAn || 6-1

sa tatra ma.mceSu manoj~na veSAn si.mhAsanasthAn upacAravatsu vaimAnikAnA.m marutAm apashyat AkR^iSTa lIlAn nara loka pAlAn

6-1. saH= he that prince aja; tatra= there, in svayamvara maNDapa – the hall of bride’s personal selection of bridegroom; upacAravatsu= rAja upacAra upakaraNa yukteSu – which is having paraphernalia for attending kings; ma.nceSu= on such podium; si.mhAsanasthAn= on thrones – befitting to visiting kings; manoj~na veSAn= charmingly, decorated; vaimAnikAnA.m= those who travel in celestial aircrafts; marutAm= of such gods; AkR^iSTa= Atta = drwan, permeated; lIlAn= saubhAgyAn= [celestials’] magnificence; AkR^iSta vaimAnika marullIlAn – iti arthaH= who have pre-empted the magnificence of gods who travel in celestial aircrafts; nara loka pAlAn= human, world, rulers; sApekshatvAt api gamakatvAt samAsaH= mundane kings who looked ultramundane; apashyat= [prince aja] has seen.

In the hall of swayamvara prince aja has seen other princes and kings who have come as suitors of princess indumati sitting on befitting thrones placed on a stepped podia, where apparatus required for the comforts of visiting kings, like fanning instruments, refreshment liquors etc are provided, and those mundane princes have decorating themselves charmingly and looked ultra mundane as though they have preempted the magnificence of celestials whose wont is to travel in aircrafts. [6-1]..

–o)0(o–

नेत्रव्रजाः पौरजनस्य तस्मिन्विहाय सर्वान्नृपतीन्निपेतुः|
मदोत्कटे रेचितपुष्पवृक्षा गन्धद्विपे वन्य इव द्विरेफाः॥ ६-७

netravrajāḥ paurajanasya tasminvihāya sarvānnṛpatīnnipetuḥ|
madotkaṭe recitapuṣpavṛkṣā gandhadvipe vanya iva dvirephāḥ || 6-7

netravrajAH paurajanasya tasminvihAya sarvAnnR^ipatInnipetuH |
madotkaTe recitapuShpavR^ikShA gandhadvipe vanya iva dvirephAH || 6-7

netra vrajAH paura janasya tasmin vihAya sarvAn nR^ipatIn nipetuH mada utkaTe recita puSpa vR^ikshA ga.mdha dvipe vanya iva dvirephAH

6-7. paura janasya= of city, people; netra= eyes; vrajAH= hosts of [eyes]; sarvAn nR^ipatIn vihAya= all, kings, on leaving off – refraining to gaze at other kings; tasmin= on him, on prince aja; mada utkaTe= ichor, on temples – ruttish elephants with ichor oozing on temples; vanya= in forest – wild elephant; ga.ndha dvipe= on smelly, elephant; recita puSpa vR^ikshA= that are left off – leaving trees, flowered, trees; dvirephAH iva= honeybees, as with; nipetuH= fell – eye fell on prince aja like honeybees.

Refraining from gazing at all the other suitor princes, the host of eyes of city dwelling hosts fell on prince aja, as with honeybees refraining from the flowered trees on which they are so far hovering for nectar fall upon a wild elephant when it nears with strong smelling ichor oozing on its temples. [6-7]

Here the swarm of honeybees – u.mA; host of eyes of people – u.me; leaving one place to go to the other – anugAmidharma; leaving off all kings – bimba; leaving off flowered trees – pratibimba. There is no adhika visheShaNatva doSha in this upama

….

sā cūrṇagauram raghunandanasya dhātrīkarābhyām karabhopamorūḥ |

āsañjayāmāsa yathāpradeśam kaṇṭhe guṇam mūrtamivānurāgam || 6-83

sA cUrNagauram raghunandanasya dhAtrIkarAbhyAm karabhopamorUH |
Asa~njayAmAsa yathApradesham kaNThe guNam mUrtamivAnurAgam || 6-83

sA cUrNa gaura.m raghunandanasya dhAtrI karAbhyA.m karabha upama UrUH Asa~njayAmAsa yathA pradesha.m kaNThe guNa.m mUrtam iva anurAgam

6-83. karabha= kara pradesha visheSaH – from wrist to the tip of small finger of a hand, a hand sized; upama=similar to; UrUH= one having that much thighs – slender thighed indumati; sA= she – indumati; cUrNa gaura.m= with kumkum powder, which became red; guNa.m= usually means a thread, here a thread to which flowers are knotted – garland; mUrtam anurAgam iva= embodiment, of [her] love, as though; dhAtrI karAbhyA.m= with nurse sunanda‘s, hands; raghunandanasya kaNThe= around Raghu’s legatee – prince aja‘s, neck; yathA pradesha.m= in correct position; Asa~njayAmAsa= garlanded; na tu sva karrabhyAm – anaucityAt – The princess did not garland him with her own hands as it would be indecorous. So indumati used the hands of sunanda to garland prince aja.

Then that princess with slender-thighs indumati caused the bridal-garland, which is already reddened with auspicious kumkum powder, to be properly placed by the hands of her nurse sunanda around the neck of raghu’s son, prince aja, and then that reddish garland looked the very embodiment of her blushing love towards him. [6-83]

This is disputed as ‘kalpita upama’ and ‘utpreksha’.

–o)0(o–

तया स्रजा मङ्गलपुष्पमय्या विशालवक्षःस्थललम्बया सः|
अमंस्त कण्ठार्पितबाहुपाशाम् विदर्भराजावरजाम् वरेण्यः॥ ६-८४

tayā srajā maṅgalapuṣpamayyā viśālavakṣaḥsthalalambayā saḥ|
amaṁsta kaṇṭhārpitabāhupāśām vidarbharājāvarajām vareṇyaḥ || 6-84

tayA srajA ma~Ngala puShpa mayyA vishAla vakShasthala lambayA saH ama.msta kaNTha arpita bAhu pAshA.m vidarbha rAja avarajA.m vareNyaH

84. vareNyaH saH [prince ajaH]= worthy to be chosen, he, that prince aja; ma~Ngala puShpa mayyA= which is with auspicious, flowers, full of; vishAla vakShasthala lambayA= on braod, chest, danglinng; tayA srajA= by that, garland; vidarbha rAja avarajA.m= vidarbha’s, king’s, sister – indumati; kaNTha arpita= around neck, dedicated; bAhu pAshA.m= arms, loop of; ama.msta= felt.

By that garland of auspicious flowers looped around his broad chest that worthy prince aja felt as if princess indumati had whorled her delicate arms around his neck. [6-84]

Citation and reference with eternal thanks to,

https://sanskritdocuments.org/sites/giirvaani/giirvaani/rv/sargas/06_rv.htm

Treasure chest of Sanatana Sharma.

Related information.

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2014/06/20/indus-valley-inscriptions-written-in-tamil/

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Who Ruled North India Tamil Nadu When Alexander India Invasion Chera Chola Nanda Kings List

I am providing the Indian Kings List who were ruling India at the time of Alexander’s presence in India.

The first point is that Alexander did nor conquer India,contrary to what we have been taught.

“Strabo, the Greek historian wrote: “Generally speaking, the men who have written on the affairs of India were a set of liars…Of this we became the more convinced whilst writing the history of Alexander.”


I have written quite a few articles on the History of India stressing the fact that the real history of India is not made public.

Even when one reads the doctored History of India,One finds that the facts recorded relating to the West presented are accepted and the corresponding facts,as vouched in the same western source,relating to India are dismissed as Legends,myths!

One such fact is the dismissal of Indian Kings who were contemporaries of Western Kings.

So much is the misinformation,One reader,after reading the Kings List of Tamil Nadu from 484 BC,wrote to me asking me to indicate the name of the Tamil King who ruled at the time of Alexander’s invasion of India.

I am providing the Indian Kings List who were ruling India at the time of Alexander’s presence in India.

The first point is that Alexander did nor conquer India,contrary to what we have been taught.

“Strabo, the Greek historian wrote: “Generally speaking, the men who have written on the affairs of India were a set of liars…Of this we became the more convinced whilst writing the history of Alexander.”

“Following Alexander’s failure to gain a position in India and the defeat of his successor Seleucus Nikator, relationships between the Indians and the Greeks and the Romans later, was mainly through trade and diplomacy. Also the Greeks and other ancient peoples did not see themselves as in any way superior, only different.”

This statement by Russia’s Marshal Gregory Zhukov on the Macedonian invasion of India in 326 BCE is significant because unlike the prejudiced colonial and Western historians, the Greeks and later Romans viewed Indians differently. For instance, Arrian writes in Alexander Anabasis that the Indians were the noblest among all Asians.’

“Strabo, the Greek historian wrote: “Generally speaking, the men who have written on the affairs of India were a set of liars…Of this we became the more convinced whilst writing the history of Alexander.”

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2016/01/16/porus-defeated-spared-alexander-life/

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2017/01/10/alexander-feared-bengalis-fled/

Indian influence in Greece and middle east was present very much earlier to Alexander.

The Shiva family returned to India through Russia, Kazakhstan, and Persia.

The Greek connection of Shiva.

Hercules is believed to be either Balram or Lord Krishna.-quoted by Megasthenes.

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2015/02/05/dionysus-greek-god-is-shiva-migrated-from-south-india/

Alexander in India.

‘Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC),
In the winter of 327/326 BC, Alexander personally led a campaign against these clans; the Aspasioi of Kunar valleys, the Guraeans of the Guraeus valley, and the Assakenoi of the Swat and Buner valleys. A fierce contest ensued with the Aspasioi in which Alexander was wounded in the shoulder by a dart, but eventually the Aspasioi lost. Alexander then faced the Assakenoi, who fought in the strongholds of Massaga, Ora and Aornos.‘ Source for quote https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_the_Great

Now let us see who were the Indian Kings when Alexander visited India?

Nanda Dynasty.

Mahapadma Nanda ,Nanda Dynasty (c. 345 BCE–321 BCE)

Maurya Dynasty,Chandra Gupta Maurya, (c. 321–298 BCE)

Chera Dynasty, Kuttuvan Uthiyan Cheralaathan (350-328 BC);Imayavaramban Neduncheralaathan ( 328 BC- 270 BC).

( Chera Date from Aarunattar Cave inscriptions near Karur,Tamil Nadu.)

Source for Chera Date. http://pazhayathu.blogspot.in/2012/01/chera-kings-from-430-bc-to-2011-ad.html

Wikipedia reports thus on Chera kings

  1. Ilamkadungo (287–317)
  2. Kanaikal Irumporai (367–397) . I am following the Cave inscription as mentioned above.

Chola Dynasty.

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Rosary Prayer Counting Christianity from Hinduism Prohibited By The Bible

The practice of Rosary was a later development in Christianity.

I am providing the abstract and Link on Rosary towards the end of this article.

Though widely practiced in Christianity it is prohibited by the Bible.


Rosary is a practice followed by almost all Religions of the world to keep track of counting God’s name or a Prater.

You would find it in Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity….

The origin of counting thus is lost in time.

However, present evidence shows the first use of Rosary, called Japamaala is from Sanatana Dharma.

There are various methods described and followed in Hinduism to count prayers.

Shall write in detail.

The practice of Rosary was a later development in Christianity.

I am providing the abstract and Link on Rosary towards the end of this article.

Though widely practiced in Christianity it is prohibited by the Bible.

Most commonly recognized in the United States
as a symbol of Catholicism, other religions including
Buddhism, Hinduism, Paganism and Islam employ
rosary beads as well.”
-The Meaning of Rosary Beads
What Do Rosary Beads Symbolize?
By Jessica Ciosek

“Prayer beads, or prayer rosaries, are really
another form of the “witch’s ladder,” a knotted
rope or cord used to count repetitions during
a spell or ritual. Praying with beads is a spiritual
practice with a long history in most of the world’s
religions.”
-Sacred Mists Shoppe
Janet Farrar & Gavin Bone

“prayer beads originated with the Hindu faith.
Using beads for devotions dates to the 8th century BC
in the cult of Shiva. In India sandstone sculptures,
statues ca 185 BC, show Hindus with prayer beads.
The names of Hindu gods and prayers are repeated
on stringed beads, called mala, separated by larger
or different colored beads.”
-A HISTORY OF PRAYING ON BEADS
Patricia A. Dilley

“Hindu converts kept their traditional use of
prayer beads. Buddhist monks always carry a strand
of prayer beads, or rosary, usually of 108 beads.”
-A HISTORY OF PRAYING ON BEADS
Patricia A. Dilley

Prayer beads are used by : Hindus, Buddhists, Muslims,
and Catholics among others.

“Often, when religions sought converts,
they allowed them to retain some of their
pagan ways: ceremonial garb, heathen rituals
and traditions; in order to add to their numbers.
This led to spiritual pollution.”
-A HISTORY OF PRAYING ON BEADS
Patricia A. Dilley

“Before the 12th century, rosaries were used for
talismans (amulet or occult charms). Rosaries and
prayer beads were intended by the catholic church
hierarchy, for use by the ignorant.”
-A HISTORY OF PRAYING ON BEADS Patricia A. Dilley

Patricia A. Dilley

The Bible warns us against use of prayer beads –
Matthew 6:7 says – “But when ye pray, use not vain
repetitions, as the heathen do: for they think that
they shall be heard for their much speaking.

“And when you pray, do not…repeat the same
words over and over as the Gentiles (pagans) do,
for they think they will be heard for their much
speaking.”
(Matthew 6:7)(AMP)-BibleGateway

“But when praying, do not say the same things
over and over again, just as the people of the
nations do, for they imagine they will get a
hearing for their use of many words.”
(Matthew 6:7)(NWT)

Source.

https://www.google.co.in/amp/s/falsereligionstartedinbabylon.wordpress.com/2013/07/07/the-pagan-origin-of-rosary-beads/amp/

Rosary.

Prayer beads are used by members of various religious traditions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, Sikhism and the Bahá’í Faith to mark the repetitions of prayers, chants or devotions, such as the rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Catholicism, and dhikr (remembrance of God) in Islam.

…..

The Desert Fathers of the 3rd to 5th centuries, used pebbles or knotted ropes to count prayers, typically the Jesus Prayer(“Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God, have mercy on me, a sinner”). The invention is attributed to Anthony the Great or his associate Pachomius the Great in the 4th century.

The Catholic Encyclopedia mentions strings of beads, presumably for prayer, found in the tombs of Saint Gertrude of Nivelles (7th century) and Saint Norbert and Saint Rosalia(12th century). A more explicit reference is that in 1125 William of Malmesbury mentioned a string of gems that Lady Godiva used to count prayers.

Source.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prayer_beads

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Shiva Domes In Russia Vatican Roman Baisilica US Capitol

I have information from Jewish Site that states the worship in the above religions has its roots in Hinduism.

Construction of places of worship,

Method of worship with the help of Rosary,

Perambulation,

Method of Praying,


I have been sharing articles about the presence of Santana Dharma throughout the world and all religions ,cultures have their roots Sanatana Dharma.

I have also written on the sacred places around the world and how Sanatana Dharma is intertwined with these places.

When one looks at these places,people’s culture,beliefs,legends and religion and places of worship,one finds them related to Sanatana Dharma.

Mecca,Vatican,Solomon’s Temple,Mount Ararat…..

Shiva Linga in Mecca Video

Saint Peters Vatican Aerial view

Twenty World spiritual sites

Please read my articles under Hinduism category or Google search the intended term+ramanan50.

I have published the unique positioning of Hindu temples in 79°.

Three of Shiva’s Pancha bootha sthalas,Temples representing the Five Elements of Nature,Earth,Walter,Fire,Air and Ether, are located in a straight line.

Eight Shiva temples , straight line

And there is the temple in Gujarat,whose Dwajasthamba,the ceremonial Flagstaff of the Temple and Antarctica has no land in between.

No land between Somnath Shiva Banasthamba Antarctica

All religious places of Judaism,Christianity and Islam have some relation to Hinduism.

I am not alone in my theory.

I have information from a Jewish Site that states the worship in the above religions has its roots in Hinduism.

Construction of places of worship,

Method of worship with the help of Rosary,

Perambulation,

Method of Praying,

Wearing of dress during religious practices.

Now I am reproducing the portion about the important landmarks around the world and how they are traced to Hinduism,Shiva and His temple construction.

*I do not subscribe the view that Shiva linga is a Phallic Symbol.

Shiva domes in world.image
Shiva as Domes in world

The Abomination Of Desolation: Identified
The messenger Gabrial was sent to speak to Danial about events in the future, and the abomination of desolation was referred to.
Danial 12:11 describes the setting up of an abomination, a common Hebrew interpretation for an idol, or image.
Yahusha brought this up in His description of the end times at Mt. 24:15.
An idolatrous image or shape is involved that is associated with desolation, and it is set up (built) in a QODESH place, a reference to the Temple Mount itself.
The “destroyer” in the Hindu trinity is Shiva, whose image is primarily the crescent symbol, associated with a star, representing his wife Shakti (avatar of Parvati).
The Shrines of Shiva (the destroyer) typically involve a dome-shaped feature, circumambulation (walking around), a stone (Shiva’s phallus, the dome), and a mat (a sacred space on which to bow to the idol).
All of these are expressed at the Shiva shrine at Mecca, and imitated at all other Muslim shrines around the world. The Masonic connection to Shiva worship involves these symbols in the architecture of many religious and governmental buildings all over the Earth. The Masons worship a great architect, the original builder of the tower at Babel, Nimrod.
If we correctly understand how these elements are reconciled from the facts we are given, the best candidate for this abomination (idol) is the Shiva shrine built on the Temple Mount.

The Islamic shrine at Makkah (Mecca) prior to Muhammad was used to worship the host of heaven.
1.6 billion people have been told it was built by Adam, but it reflects the same architecture found in the eastern religion of Hinduism.
The shrine’s design, the black stone and “yoni” it is contained in, the crescent and star, the circumambulation, and other features are shared with the worship of the Hindu deity Shiva.
The most sacred ceremony in Hinduism is called “Shivaling.” It is performed with a stone object inserted in the hole of an oval object called a yoni.
The ceremony is conducted inside the Shiva shrines.

Shiva symbols.image
Shiva ,Sakthi Symbols around the world

The new ramps installed for worshippers at Makkah resembles this object perfectly.
The shape of the area in front of the Cathedral at Rome appears to have all the ingredients of a Shiva shrine, ready for Shivaling.
In both cases, the people become the unwitting participants in the ceremonial worship of the Destroyer, Shiva.
The interpretation of what is happening is best illustrated with photography.

Star Wars is another example of the Hindu dharma (way). The symbols, characters, and jargon all reflect the worship of forces, and the goal of yoking to them. The ship, Millennium Falcon, is an object called a “yoni” in connection with the Shivalingam. You’ll be shocked to know how deep the rabbit hole goes, and how the ancient “Silk Road” trade route brought it all to the Middle East.

The book Who Is Allah? explains who the Arabs are really worshipping.
http://www.torahzone.net/Who-is-Allah-The-Hindu-Connection-Printed-Book.html

Reference and citation.

http://www.fossilizedcustoms.com/allah.html

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Hanuman Vanaras Not Monkeys New Extinct Human Species Denivosan Cave Siberia

Now I have come across information that there was another species of Humans.

Denisovans.
Denisovans resemble Vanaras,more than the Neanderthals.

Am awaiting more information on Denisovans and more finds on Humans.

This information goes to prove that Vanaras were not Monkeys.


Hanuman and Vanaras mentioned in Indian Epics and Puranas are not Monkeys as is commonly understood.

Valmiki in Ramayana repeatedly mentions as Vanara,Nara in Sanskrit means Human being.

Taking into account the incomplete knowledge of our planet and ancient civilizations and new facts emerging about the origin of Humans and the age of Earth and birth of Civilizations,I had written earlier that Hanuman and Vanaras were the Neanderthals of India.

But, as I have been maintaining my posts, there is this obsession to follow the History(?) of Europe through European sources, when these sources quote Asian/Indian resources for their first migration !

HanumanThe earliest Epic of Humanankind, The Ramayana gives a clear description of the type of Species.

Valimki states that when Rama decided to attack Ravana He gave a call through Sugreeva.

The Vanaras came from all the places from Madhya Pradesh,South India, and from the place ‘where the Sun always shines or always sets”

The last one is Polar regions.’

Hanuman Vanaras Neanderthals of India.

Now I have come across information that there was another species of Humans.

Denisovans.
Denisovans resemble Vanaras,more than the Neanderthals.

Am awaiting more information on Denisovans and more finds on Humans.

Lord Hanuman, one of the Immortals of Hinduism, is reported to have been seen in Sri Lanka in 2014.

It is also reported that he visits Lanka regularly a sub tribe of Veddah in lankan Jungle

Hanuman visits Lanka.

In the light of above information,The Species might still be around.

This information goes to prove that Vanaras were not Monkeys.

Valmiki’s descriptions of the Flora and fauna of ancient India has been found true.

And my theory that the Bharatha Marsha was near the Arctic in ancient days and the Rig Veda was composed in the Arctic is reinforced.

And the Dravidas were a part of Sanatana Sharma.

The Denisovans spread from Siberia to Southeast Asia,Melanesia and Polynesia.

Denisovans.

Denison cave.image
Denisovan Cave,Siberia.Image credit.Wiki.

The Denisovan or Denisova hominin ( /dɪˈnsəvə/ di-NEE-sə-və) is an extinct species or subspecies of human in the genus Homo. Pending its status as either species or subspecies it currently carries the temporary names Homo sp. Altai, or Homo sapiens ssp. Denisova.In March 2010, scientists announced the discovery of a finger bone fragment of a juvenile female who lived about 41,000 years ago, found in the remote Denisova Cave in the Altai Mountains in Siberia, a cave that has also been inhabited by Neanderthals and modern humans.The mitochondrial DNA(mtDNA) of the finger bone showed it to be genetically distinct from Neanderthals and modern humans. The nuclear genome from this specimen suggested that Denisovans shared a common origin with Neanderthals, that they ranged from Siberia to Southeast Asia, and that they lived among and interbred with the ancestors of some modern humans, with about 3% to 5% of the DNA of Melanesians and Aboriginal Australians deriving from Denisovans.

Denisovan Cave.image
Entrance to the Denisova cave in southern Siberia, Russia. Image courtesy of Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology

 

 

A 2013 comparison with the genome of another Neanderthal from the Denisova cave revealed local interbreeding with local Neanderthal DNA representing 17% of the Denisovan genome, and evidence of interbreeding with an as yet unidentified ancient human lineage.Analysis of DNA from two teeth found in layers different from the finger bone revealed an unexpected degree of mtDNA divergence among Denisovans. Two teeth belonging to different members of the Denisova cave population have been reported in November 2015, a tooth fossil containing DNA was reported to have been found and studied.

…..

The mtDNA from the finger bone differs from that of modern humans by 385 bases (nucleotides) in the mtDNA strand out of approximately 16,500, whereas the difference between modern humans and Neanderthals is around 202 bases. In contrast, the difference between chimpanzees and modern humans is approximately 1,462 mtDNA base pairs.This suggested a divergence time around one million years ago. The mtDNA from a tooth bore a high similarity to that of the finger bone, indicating that they belonged to the same population. From a second tooth, an mtDNA sequence was recovered that showed an unexpectedly large number of genetic differences compared to that found in the other tooth and the finger, suggesting a high degree of mtDNA diversity. These two individuals from the same cave showed more diversity than seen among sampled Neanderthals from all of Eurasia, and were as different as modern-day humans from different continents.

Reference and citation.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denisovan

Featured

Jesus Suprabhatha in Sanskrit,Time To Register Protest

In fact, Thirupparnkundram,One of the six special abode of Murugan,Subrahmanya,is called as Sikhander Mountain by Muslim groups and the hill in Kashmir where Adi Shankaracharya meditated,has been called as Suleiman Hills by the Department of Archeology,India.

Time people recorded these frauds so that future generations are not presented with false History.


Christian proselytising is one thing,aping customs of other Religions,especially Hinduism,is another.

The way Christianity apes and follows Hinduism is laughable.

We have Pastors,calling themselves Sadhus,like Sadhu Chellappa,

Calling Bible as Vedaagamam,without understating the meaning of the terms,Veda or Agama,

Using Sanskrit terms in the Bible and conducting Upavasa Japan(!),

Conducting Agni Camp, for preaching,(tell me,what has Christ to do with Agni,Fire),

Calling their preachers as Sastrigal(Purohits),

Conducting Christian Festivals,including at Velankanni,with Dwajarohana(hoisting ceremonial flag at the temple before a festival),

…….

Now they have started,in addition to Jesus Sahasranama and Astotra,Jesus Suprabhatha!

Watch the Video below.

One must remember that what is in use today becomes History tomorrow.

If we fail to check and record these atrocious attempts to seek legitimacy to Christianity,sometime in future Christians will claim Christ is Vedic God!

In fact, Thirupparnkundram,One of the six special abode of Murugan,Subrahmanya,is called as Sikhander Mountain by Muslim groups and the hill in Kashmir where Adi Shankaracharya meditated,has been called as Suleiman Hills by the Department of Archeology,India.

Time people recorded these frauds so that future generations are not presented with false History.

Christians As Brahmins

Featured

Twelve Aditya In Turkey Rock Temple Yazilikaya

One information is that King Vikramadhitya(-inscription-in-kaabamecca Mecca,) , who ruled Arabia installed them there.

Or as Lord Rama also ruled these areas, as evidenced from the Kings List of Sumeria, these might date back to Rama.


I have been writing on the presence of Sanatana Dharma throughout the world in ancient times and all civilizations, when checked for their roots, owe their existence to Sanatana Dharma.

This applies to all ancient civilizations like Uighur, Mayan, Atlantis, Mu, Mittani, Hitties, Incase.

The Hittie civilization was the root of civilizations that sprang up in the Middle East.

Hitties were the forerunners of worshiping idols.

There is evidence that they worshiped Lakshmi, Siva.

One finds the names of Lord Rama, Dasaratha and Bharata in Sumeria Kings List.

Lord Rama defeated Sets armies in the present Afghanistan.

Hitties show traces of Tamil ancestry as well.

I am providing links to these articles towards the conclusion of this article.

When one checks the history of pre Islamic Arabia, one finds that idols, including those of Navagraha were destroyed by Muhammad in Kaaba, Mecca.

About three hundred idols were reported to have been destroyed.

Where did these Idols come from?

One information is that King Vikramadhitya(-inscription-in-kaabamecca Mecca,) , who ruled Arabia installed them there.

Or as Lord Rama also ruled these areas, as evidenced from the Kings List of Sumeria, these might date back to Rama.

There is also evidence that the Hitties, who were the early rulers, worshiped Vedic God’s and Goddesses.

Shall be writing on this.

Meanwhile there is a Temple for AinDhara in Syria.

Ain dhara is a Vedic Goddess.

There is a Temple that has been excavated.

Rock Temple, Yazilikaya, Temple. Image
Yazilikaya, Rock Temple, Turkey.

 

IT is the Yazhilikaya

Twelve Rock images Yazilikaya.image.
Twelve,Adityas in Yazilikaya,Turkey

Yazılıkaya (Turkish; inscribed rock) was a sanctuary of Hattusa, the capital city of the Hittite Empire, today in the Çorum Province, Turkey.

One can find the Twelve Aditya carved in Rock Temple.

:This was a holy site for the Hittites, located within walking distance of the gates of the city of Hattusa. It had two main chambers formed inside a group of rock outcrops. Access to the roofless chambers were controlled by gateway and building structures built right in front of them, however only the foundations of those structures survived today. Most impressive today are the rock reliefs of Chambers A and B portraying the gods of the Hittite pantheon. One of the uses of the sanctuary may have involved the New Year’s celebrations ceremonies. It was in use at least since late 16th century BCE, but most of the rock carvings date to the reign of the Hittite kings Tudhaliya IV and Suppiluliuma II in the late 13th century BCE, when the site underwent a significant restoration.

….

The most impressive is Chamber A, which contains rock-cut relief of 64 deities in procession. The left wall shows a procession of male deities, wearing the traditional kilts, pointed shoes and horned hats. Mountain gods are also shown with scaled skirts to symbolise the rocky mountains. The right wall shows a procession of female deities wearing crowns and long skirts. The only exception to this divide is the goddess of love and war, Shaushka (Mesopotamian goddess Ishtar/Inanna) who is shown on the male procession with two female attendants. This is likely to be because of her male attributes as the goddess of war. The processions lead to a central scene of the supreme couple of the pantheon: the storm-god Teshub and the sun-goddess Hebat. Teshub stands on two mountain gods whilst Hebat stands on a panther. Behind Hebat are shown their son Sharruma, daughter Alanzu and a granddaughter.

Reference and Citation for text and image-from wiki

Yazilikiya   

More information on Sanatana Dharma in Middle East.

Saudi Arabia Vikramaditya Kingdom

Shiva Linga in Mecca Om is 786

Narasimha Rama Nagar Tamils

Tamil City in 2200 BC Sumeria Akkadian Text

Angirasa Founder of Pre Sumeria Empire

Lord Rama ruled Iraq Mesapotamia as Ram Sin

Rama King of Sumeria Kings List

Turkey Shiva Mitra Varuna Kingdom

Sandhyavandana Saptha Rishis Iraq Yezdis

Featured

Panchanga Predicts Meenakshi Temple Fire, Astrology Reliable?

Is it the time the child’s head emerging from the womb?

Is it the time the child’s feet touching the ground?

Or is it the time when the foetus breathes?

Or the time it is fully formed in the womb?


I do not consult Astrologers or have faith in personal horoscope and predictions.

I have been and am criticised for this on the ground that it is absurd on my part not to trust horoscopes while I write merrily on Hinduism, Slokas, Vedic Sciences and the spread of Sanatana Dharma throughout the world as the first civilization.

My answer is that what I write on Sanatana Dharma has been verified and I write only of things which are authentic and supported by evidence.

Exceptions are those which are related to Spiritual Experiences and even if these are conclusive only, I write.

In the case of Astrology and horoscopes, I find the predictions relating to individuals to be incorrect and horoscopes are not recorded properly.

However, the predictions of Hindu Astrology relating to Universal Events of Nature.,Hindu Astrology is unbeatable for it can calculate and predict Eclipses, movements of Planets, Stars, yes, Stars Solstices accurately as well as NASA .

The reason is that Hindu Astrology is so advanced that it divides even seconds further and a minute/miniscule diffetence shall vary the results.

In the case of Celestial phenomena, which is an observable data without interruption or mistake, individual data like the horoscope time of birth is not accurate.

To my knowledge, no one has recorded the exact time of birth of an individual.

This involves the recording of the exact time of birth.

When a delivery takes place people who attend childbirth concentrate on delivering the Baby and they have no time to look at the clock to record the exact time.

This includes the doctors.

And there is discussion among Astrologers as to what exactly is the time birth that has to be taken into account for casting horoscopes.

Is it the time the child’s head emerging from the womb?

Is it the time the child’s feet touching the ground?

Or is it the time when the foetus breathes?

Or the time it is fully formed in the womb?

Astrologers are divided on this issue and it is conclusive.

And we have Astrologers who treat the subject as a means of livelihood and predict anticipating the individual’s mood and the Astrologer’necessity.

Again the scholarship of the Astrologer comes in.

So I do not trust Astrology as far as it relates to individuals but have the highest regards for it as a Science.

Per se Indian Astrology is unmatched while it studies University phenomenon.

Period.

My stand is vindicated by the prediction by An Indian Almanac that there would be a fire accident at Meenakshi Temple Madurai.

To the date accurate!

The Almanac called Siddha Vaakya Panchanga.

There are many Panchangas or Almanacs based on different schools of Thoughts.

( for details on Panchangas read my articles on the subject.)

CHENNAI: At least 10 shops were damaged when a fire broke out in the complex of the famed Meenakshi Amman Temple in Tamil Nadu’s Madurai complex but there was no damage to the temple itself, said a fire service official.

“We got information about the fire in shops near the 1,000 pillar mandapam in the temple. We rushed five fire tenders and controlled the fire from spreading,” the senior fire service official told IANS over phone from Madurai, around 500 km from here.

He said around 10 shops were damaged in the fire.

“There is no damage for the temple. The old wooden door was saved by preventive action. The fire is now under control,” he said

News on accident and fire image credit.

http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/tamil-nadu/2018/feb/03/shops-gutted-in-fire-near-madurai-meenakshiamman-temple-1767410.html

Featured

Hiranya Sraddha Details Mantras

Hiranya means Gold.

IT denotes the Dakshina one offers to the Purohit.

Hiranya Sraddha procedure is as follows.


Sraddha means Faith. It also means gratitude to parents.

The infant has absolute faith in its parents.

IT does not pause to think even and follows parents.

Parents are the reason for what we are.

Hindu texts stress the importance of paying respect to parents and ancestors.

They prescribe detailed procedure to perform ceremonies for the deceased parents.

This is to be performed annually.

As a matter of fact Sandhyavandana Brahma Yagnya Agni Gotra are to be performed daily as also Sraddha.

Due to work pressure, which, in my opinion is normally an excuse for non performance of Sraddha, people perform Hiranya Sraddha.

However Hiranya Sraddha is allowed by Smriti.

Hiranya means Gold.

IT denotes the Dakshina one offers to the Purohit.

Hiranya Sraddha procedure is as follows.

The Vadhyar, Family priest(Purohit) and another Brahmana are offered seats (wooden planks).

2. The Brahmana is usually the pitrus, Purohitbeing in double role – both visvedeva and guru.

3. With recital of mantras just as in the elaborate sraaddham, the visvedevas and pitrus are invoked (aavaahana) with darbhai, sesamum (eLLu).

4. Then the formal aasanam, sandal paste (candanam) as gandham, tuLaseedaLam are offered with the appropriate mantras and then samastopacaaraartham (as token of all upacaaras) eLLu is sprinkled.

5. The gotra, name, etc., of the pitru is recited and a mantra is recited.

6. Then, the Purohit and the Brahmana are offered Dakshina.

7. Then according to custom of each house, either full meals is offered, some people make some “bhakshanam like appam, ulundu VaDai, Ellu Urundai.

8. Pradakshinam and namaskaram.

9. Tarpanam as usual.

Tharpanam Mantras Tamil.

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2014/03/27/பித்ரு-தர்ப்பண-மந்திரங்க/

 

 

Reference.

https://www.tamilbrahmins.com/showthread.php?t=5376&page=2

Featured

Million Year Tamil site Near Chennai Ramani’s blog Info on Archeology, Now in Nature Magazine

Readers of this site know well that I never post information without evidence nor providing information without authentic links.
I forgot in the above case.

Million year old Tamil site near Chennai.Million year old Tamil site near Chennai.

Skeptics who were /are critical of my research may criticise Nature now..


I have been writing on the antiquity of Sanatana Dharma and Tamil and that they are between Thirty thousand to a Million years old.

This I have been researching for the past nine years and have published articles based on credible sources from around the world, from different languages, archeoanthropology, archaeology, Astronomy, Infrared dating, Plate tectonics, World literature, Etymology, Cultural similarities between various races, customs.

Some of the recovered stone tips, such as the one seen in the upper right of this image, have narrower bottom portions called tangs. Tangs would have made it easier to attach the points to handles, aiding in spear-making. PHOTOGRAPH BY SHARMA CENTRE FOR HERITAGE EDUCATION, India. Image
Some of the recovered stone tips, such as the one seen in the upper right of this image, have narrower bottom portions called tangs. Tangs would have made it easier to attach the points to handles, aiding in spear-making. PHOTOGRAPH BY SHARMA CENTRE FOR HERITAGE EDUCATION, INDIA

The present date assigned to Rig Veda is 5114 BC and Tamil about 3000 BC. This, I found to be incorrect and based on my research from credible sources I suggested that Tamil is one Million years old and Vedas, as they are quoted by ancient Tamil, was earlier to Tamil. But the Vedas quite Tamil!

So I took the position that both Tamil and Vedas are so old that it is impossible for me to find out which one was earlier :Both of them are at least million years old.

Despite research by scholars, both from India and abroad, efforts have been made by the influential to suppress the evidence or call these studies as unscientific.

I have a follower of this blog, who is an archaeologist who was denied permission to dig at Kurukshetra, because she was following a lead from me to find artifacts from Kurukshetra which would yield proof for Mahabharatha War. When I talked to the gentleman at Delhi, who was with the archeology department, who incidentally is a follower of Ramani’s blog, told me that he has oral instructions not to permit archaeological studies which might yield evidence that might be older than 5000Years!

However thanks to Internet, one can not easily hide facts for long. A finding by archaeologists indicating the Antiquity of Tamil was not made available or publicised. Thanks to Internet, information can not be suppressed. The information was published in the Science in 2011

. Lamenting this I wrote an article three years ago about the study by a team of archeologists on a site near Chennai about the antiquity of Tamils. Now the findings of these archaeologists have been published in Nature, the prestigious magazine for research. Here it is. ‘

The discovery, described in Nature on Wednesday, pushes back the start of what’s called the Middle Paleolithic culture in the region by more than a hundred thousand years. That, in turn, could reshape how scientists view the global spread of hominins—humans and their ancient relatives—before modern humans migrated out of Africa some 60,000 years ago.

Stone tools found in South India

The new evidence suggests that a Middle Palaeolithic culture was present in India around 385,000 years ago — roughly the same time that it is known to have developed in Africa and in Europe. Middle Palaeolithic period is considered an Millionimportant

cultural phase associated with modern humans and Neanderthals as well as other archaic hominins. Stone tools of this period are used by scientists as proxy for studies of early human behaviour.

The prehistoric stone tools excavated from Attirampakkam village about 60 kilometers from Chennai push back the period when populations with a Middle Palaeolithic culture may have inhabited India. The new study appeared in international scientific journal Nature on Wednesday. (31 January, 2018.)

http://www.firstpost.com/tech/news-analysis/ancient-stone-age-tools-found-in-tamil-nadu-suggest-reframing-of-out-of-africa-theories-4329961.html/amp

Research paper Link in Nature https://www.nature.com/articles/nature25444.epdf?referrer_access_token=SekmVmbJtzBMrNuXXh_UVtRgN0jAjWel9jnR3ZoTv0NJ7TiKM5a9H3w098XWhhWBtLzjXFhaUZSKMeMqZ6ROTnAqKt5lvdWtt1JKb3O3R4qKq_tp-KPZhhmRcacgZ8pNbuK4ZsHqOcF9nlk5YUFLiQYeRkRM8dXm30aO5uRBXkpILGUYY7yr3XUzUokupc15&tracking_referrer=news.nationalgeographic.com

Springer Nature wants researchers to share content easily and legally. Our Springer Nature SharedIt content-sharing initiative means that links to view-only, full-text subscription research articles can be posted anywhere – including on social media platforms, author websites and in institutional repositories – so researchers can share research with colleagues and general audiences.

http://www.springernature.com/gp/researchers/sharedit

‘ My article on this, three years ago. ‘

I posted an article that the Tamils lived around 74,000 years ago and that too near Chennai.

I forgot to provide the Link.

Scroll down for Video.

This led to the speculation that I have been providing information not backed up by facts.

Readers of this site know well that I never post information without evidence nor providing information without authentic links.

I forgot in the above case.

Million year old Tamil site near Chennai.Million year old Tamil site near Chennai.

Skeptics who were /are critical of my research may criticise Nature now..

Featured

Twelve Castes Among Ancient Tamils

It appears that there were four castes, then further divisions took place.

 

It became seven and then twelve. 

There were overlapping of castes as well.

Over a period some castes merged and some emerged.


The classification of society into four, based on disposition of individuals is an unique concept of Hinduism.

This is used to vilify Hinduism as practicing Caste is.

That this concept is incorrect has been explained in my articles on Caste.

The fact that Tamil is against Sanatana Dharma and Arya Invasion theory has been proved wrong.

Please read my article ‘The Fraud called Arya Invasion Theory.

There have been concerted attempts to portray that the ancient Tamil Society did not have Caste system and Tamils did not have Caste system at all and all were treated equal.

A perusal of Ancient texts like Tholkappiyam and other Sangam Literature indicate that not only were there the the four Varnasrama of the Vedic period, Brahmana , Kshatriya, Vysya and Sudra, but there were seven castes.

The Tamil and Sanskrit Grammar are said to have been revealed simultaneously to Agasthya and Panini by Lord Shiva! Though the literary proof for this claim can be had only in the post 15th century AD period, it cannot be denied that both Tamil and Sanskrit grammar have commonality in many ways. Yet another information that I want the readers of this mail-chain to know is that this Tamil Grammar work does say that the 4 varnas were there among the Tamil speaking people and adds 3 more categories, making it a 7- class society. The additional three are – astrologers, sages andPorunar (kshatriya vratyas). There was a separate class of astrologer called by a generic term “ARivan” – which is a Tamil equivalent of Daivajna.

Jayashree Saranathan blog

 

‘ Greek Traveler and Historian Megasthanes records these seven castes in his book Indica.

The Link for the book. <a href=””>Ancient Indian History and Civilization by Surendranath Jain

‘ 1. Maruta makkal or tribes of ploughmen (ulavar) inhabiting fertile, well-
watered tracts (panai) and living in villages called ur,
2. Kuravar makkal (or hill people who are foresters, make charms, and tell
fortunes and may come out of the forest to work in the panai,
3. Mullai makkal (or pastoralists, also called ayar (cowmen), kovalar
(shepherds), and idaiyar (cowherd or shepherd),
4. Neytal makkal ( or fishing people living in large coastal villages called
pattinam or small ones called pakkam, and
5. Palai makkal or people of the dry plains called eyinar. maravar, and veIar
who are hunters of both the dry plains and the forest.’

It appears that there were four castes, then further divisions took place.

 

It became seven and then twelve.

There were overlapping of castes as well.

Over a period some castes merged and some emerged.

This fact emerges from a reading of ancient Tamil Literature.

 

Featured

Shiva Linga in Kaaba, Mecca Video

Above the is the Video showing Shiva Linga in Mecca.

This was taken surreptitiously.

I received it.

I have written on the presence of Sanatana Dharma in pre Arabic period in the Middle East, how Saptha pathi, the Marriage vow was present there, Lord Murugan'(Subrahmanya, Karthikeya ) Tribe, the Peacock tribe is among the Yazidi and OM when flipped is 786 and more.


Above is the Video showing Shiva Linga in Mecca.

This was taken surreptitiously.

I received it.

I have written on the presence of Sanatana Dharma in pre Arabic period in the Middle East, how Saptha pathi, the Marriage vow was present there, Lord Murugan'(Subrahmanya, Karthikeya ) Tribe, the Peacock tribe is among the Yazidi and OM when flipped is 786 and more.

It is a known fact that Muslims plundered the kingdoms they have conquered and carted away valuables, including Idols , calling the Idol worshipers as ‘kafirs’

I am reproducing some photographic evidence.

The joke is that both Islam and Christianity which mock at Hinduism for worshiping Gods as Idols in the form of Man and animal (Hanuman,Varaha, Narasimha) have now ended up prayinga Stone(kaaba) and Symbol for addition, The Cross!

Now there is evidence that the Muslims carted a Shiva linga and had it installed it in Mecca and it is worshiped.

Shiv Linga in Mecca.

Muslims Worship Shiv Lingam At Mecca Masjid Al Haraam Says Islamic Site,

Prophets Uncle wrote Siva Sthuthi, A Prayer On Lord Shiva,

Sapthapathi of the Marriage ceremony of the Hindus and Navagrahas in Arabia,

Aravasthan is Arabia and some more articles.

….

Now let us see what a a surreptitiously taken video and an article in a web site run by Pakistani Defense Think Tank say.

Video is below.

One can see an Idol resembling Shiv Linga there.

And watch the Video, and look at the clock for the time of opening the Room.

5.20 to 5.45!

Shivas Pradosha Time!

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2016/04/12/shiva-linga-in-kaaba-opens-at-pradosha-video-pakistani-web-site/

Video Link Sri. Trisakthi Sundarraman.

Featured

கடவுள் பெயரை மறைத்து வெளியிட்ட தமிழ்த் தாய் வாழ்த்து நீராரும் கடலுடுத்த


தமிழ்த்தாயின் வாழ்த்து என்ற பெயரில், பாடலின் அனைத்து வரிகளையும் வெளியிடாமல், கடவுளைப் பற்றி புகழ்ந்து உள்ள வரிகளை நீக்கி விட்டு, தமிழ்த் தாய் வாழ்த்து என்ற பெயரில், வெளியிட்ட வர்கள், தமிழ் க் காவலர்!

தமிழை மற்றும் சுந்தரம் பிள்ளையையும் ஏமாற்றுவது அல்லவா!

நான் தமிழை மறைத்த கூட்டம் என ஆங்கிலத்தில் எழுதி ய பதிவு இதோ.

Group in Tamil Nadu has been systematically suppressing a portion of History of the Tamizh which speak about the Vedas and The Purans.

 

This group,boot-lickers of the British Raj,fueled by the false and dis-proven Theory of Aryan Invasion , mainly promoted by the Justice party,

 

purported to look after the welfare of the Tamils(interestingly

 

the Leaders of the Party were not Tamils, but Telugu Theagaraya Chettiar and a Malayali!)

 

suppressed the truth.

 

The self-styled rationalist Periyar, EVR, Leader of the Tamils(again self-proclaimed)Karunanidhi and his minions were abetting this fraud.

 

Their intention was to hide the fact that the Tamils had strong roots with The Sanatana Dharma.

 

What they forgot(Really?)  is that in the process the Richness and the cultural Heritage, even the Date of the Tamil Sangam Literature was made to look recent!

 

Let me quote.

It is a fact that archaeology in the South has so far unearthed little that can compare to findings in the North in terms of ancientness, massiveness or sophistication�: the emergence of urban civilization in Tamil Nadu is now fixed at the second or third century BC, about two and a half millennia after the appearance of Indus cities. Moreover, we do not have any fully or largely excavated city or even medium-sized town�: Madurai, the ancient capital of the Pandya kingdom, has hardly been explored at all�; Uraiyur, that of the early Cholas, saw a dozen trenches�;[5] Kanchipuram, the Pallavas� capital, had seventeen, and Karur, that of the Cheras, hardly more�; Kaveripattinam,[6] part of the famous ancient city of Puhar (the first setting of the Shilappadikaram epic), saw more widespread excavations, yet limited with regard to the potential the site offers. The same may be said of Arikamedu (just south of Pondicherry), despite excavations by Jouveau-Dubreuil, Wheeler, and several other teams right up to the 1990s.[7]

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2014/05/29/tamil-group-hid-tamil-history-veda-references/

முழுமையான தமிழ்த் தாய் வாழ்த்து.

நீ ராரும் கடலுடுத்த நிலமடந்தைக் கெழிலொழுகும்
சீராரும் வதனமெனத் திகழ்பரதக் கண்டமிதில்
தெக்கணமும் அதிற்சிறந்த திராவிடநல் திருநாடும்
தக்கசிறு பிறைநுதலும் தரித்தநறும் திலகமுமே!
அத்திலக வாசனைபோல் அனைத்துலகும் இன்பமுற
எத்திசையும் புகழ்மணக்க இருந்தபெரும் தமிழணங்கே!

*பல்லுயிரும் பலவுலகும் படைத்தளித்துத் துடைக்கினுமோர்
எல்லையறு பரம்பொருள்முன் இருந்தபடி இருப்பதுபோல்
கன்னடமுங் களிதெலுங்கும் கவின்மலையாளமும் துளுவும்
உன்னுதரத் தேயுதித்தே ஒன்றுபல வாகிடினும்
ஆரியம்போல் உலகவழக்கழிந்தொழிந்து சிதையாவுன்
சீரிளமைத் திறம்வியந்து செயன்மறந்து வாழ்த்துதுமே!”
– மனோன்மணியம் சுந்தரனார்

*இப்பகுதி அரசின் தமிழ்த் தாய் வாழ்த்தி ல் இடம் பெறவில்லை.

 

திருத்தப்பட்ட தமிழக அரசு அறிவித்த தமிழ்த் தாய் வாழ்த்து இதோ.

நீராருங் கடலுடுத்த நிலமடந்தைக் கெழிலொழுகும்

சீராரும் வதனமெனத் திகழ் பரதக் கண்டமிதில்
தெக்கணமும் அதிற்சிறந்த திராவிடநல் திருநாடும்
தக்கசிறு பிறைநுதலும் தரித்தநறுந் திலகமுமே
அத்திலக வாசனைபோல் அனைத்துலகும் இன்பமுற
எத்திசையும் புகழ்மணக்க இருந்தபெருந் தமிழணங்கே!
தமிழணங்கே!

உன் சீரிளமைத் திறம்வியந்து
செயல்மறந்து வாழ்த்துதுமே!
வாழ்த்துதுமே!!
வாழ்த்துதுமே!!!”

மனோன்மணீயத்தில் இடம்பெற்ற தமிழ்த் தாய் வணக்கப் பாடலான நீராருங் கடலுடுத்த நிலமடந்தைக் கெழிலொழுகும்என்ற பாடல் தமிழ் நாடு அரசினரால் தமிழ்த்தாய் வாழ்த்துப்பாடலாக ஜூன் 1970 இல் அறிவிக்கப்பட்டது.

Source.

https://ta.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E0%AE%AA%E0%AF%86._%E0%AE%9A%E0%AF%81%E0%AE%A8%E0%AF%8D%E0%AE%A4%E0%AE%B0%E0%AE%AE%E0%AF%8D_%E0%AE%AA%E0%AE%BF%E0%AE%B3%E0%AF%8D%E0%AE%B3%E0%AF%88#%E0%AE%A4%E0%AE%AE%E0%AE%BF%E0%AE%B4%E0%AF%8D%E0%AE%A4%E0%AF%8D%E0%AE%A4%E0%AE%BE%E0%AE%AF%E0%AF%8D_%E0%AE%B5%E0%AE%BE%E0%AE%B4%E0%AF%8D%E0%AE%A4%E0%AF%8D%E0%AE%A4%E0%AF%81%E0%AE%AA%E0%AF%8D_%E0%AE%AA%E0%AE%BE%E0%AE%9F%E0%AE%B2%E0%AF%8D

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What Is Varna of Varnasrama in Hinduism, Explanation.

These Dispositions are both Genetic and Acquired.

In the case of Acquired Disposition, it is called Vaasana , a general term meaning Olfactory Sensation.

In this context, it denotes the acquired tendencies/dispositions which are the results of Actions performed by the Individual.


The term Varna means Color in Sanskrit.

The deeper meanings are Hues, Dispositions.

Sanskrit is rich language with words meaning different concepts based on the subject that is dealt with and the context in which words are used.

While discussing mundane subjects like Physics, Varna means Color and when dealing with aspects of color, it denotes Hues, refinement of colors.

While dealing with philosophy, Varna means disposition.

Human beings have various Feelings, emotions, drives and dispositions.

Dispositions are those which impel one to Act or Feel.

These Dispositions are both Genetic and Acquired.

In the case of Acquired Disposition, it is called Vaasana , a general term meaning Olfactory Sensation.

In this context, it denotes the acquired tendencies/dispositions which are the results of Actions performed by the Individual.

In Hinduism both Free Will and Determinism are accepted.

So these Dispositions make one act and feel

Some actions are the result of Dispositions or Vasana, which are the outcome of actions performed in this birth and some due to actions performed in earlier births.

This factor is called Varna.

Human beings are impelled to Act.

This action springs from Dispositions.

Disposition is the tendency to lean towards something or some action.

Some tend to act emotionally, some rationally.

Some like certain things, are disposed to certain disciplines, be it Arts or Science.

Some are kind, gentle.

Some, aggressive, passionate and

Some Docile.

This forms the basis of Character, Disposition.

These qualities are not present wholly present in one.

One quality is dominant.

In some The quality of being gentle is present predominantly and the other qualities remain dormant and present to a lesser extent.

And this admixture of Qualities change during one’s lifetime and changes even from minute to minute.

This change is due to factors like Food, the Environment and the social group in which one mo ves.

I shall be writing on this in another article.

These dispositions, called as Varna determine one’s natural tendencies.

These form the basis for one’s Nature, Swabhava.

These are the Three Gunas of individual.

They are,

Sattva

Rajas and

Tamas .

Please read my articles on these for details.

As these three gunas form the basis for human actions, the term Varna is used to denote Human Tendencies.

As tendencies are the basis for actions, vocations, society was based on this principle of Varna.

And this is the meaning of the term Varna used in Indian texts, including the Vedas and The Bhagavad Gita.

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Absolute Time Relative Time Bharatvaja Newton Einstein Agree Details. 

So you shall be dividing the Space between A and B INFINITELY.
This means you will be traveling from A to B INFINITELY.
This means Motion or in this case Travel is Infinite.
IT other words you will never reach Bangalore.
This impasse was solved by Sage Bharatwaja in


These are two concepts that are yet to be clearly understood or defined.

What we now have of them are descriptions at the most in various forms, some of them in the form of Formulae.

To understand what time is let us look at two examples.

1.Let us imagine that we are travelling to Bangalore from Chennai by car.

For easy calculations let us assume the distance between them is 500 miles.

If we travel @ 500 miles per hour we shall reach Bangalore from Chennai.

If the speed is 1000 miles, we shall reach in half an hour.

If it is 2000 miles we will reach in fifteen minutes.

If it is 8 000 miles, we will reach in 3.75 minutes.

At this rate at a particular speed we shall be reaching Bangalore before we left Bangalore.

At the rate of 128000 miles per hour we would reach Bangalore  in. 0039 seconds!

The calculation.

500÷128,000

=0.00390625

If we extend this logic, we would at a point of speed will be reaching Bangalore before we leave/left Chennai!

That is Time runs backwards.

Einstein, unable to solve the issue in his earlier years declared that nothing can travel faster than Light and if it does, it is not Matter.

Later he revised his views.

But notwithstanding this explanation the question remains.

Another illustration.

Let us imagine that an object has to Travel from point A to B.

Before reaching B from point A you should cross half the distance between A and B.

Let’s call it C.

To reach from A to C  one should pass half the distance between A and C

Call it D.

To reach from A to C, you have to cross half the distance from A and D.

Now remember, Space is infinitely Divisible.

So you shall be dividing the Space between A and B INFINITELY.

This means you will be traveling from A to B INFINITELY.

This means Motion or in this case Travel is Infinite.

IT other words you will never reach Bangalore.

This impasse was solved by Sage Bharatwaja in his work Amritbhoshini.

He distinguishes betwee two classes of Time.

Absolute and Relative.

Absolute Time belongs to a higher plane.

That of Reality where Time is Absolute.

Time as Vedas describe is an aspect of Brahman, the Reality.

The other concept of Time is what we use daily.

IT is Relative Time.

This Time is used when the Nirguna , Beyond Attributes, evolved into Saguna Brahman, the world of Names and Forms.

This is what Bharatwaja says.

Vachya, the Absolute Time, coexistant with Brahman, the Reality and

Avachar, Relative Time of Saguna Brahman, the world of Names and Forms.

This has been stated by him in his work Amshu Bodhini.

This is a book of Aphorisms, Sutra.

The same Thought was expressed by Sage Parashurama in his work Antha Kausthuba Sastra.

I have been able to find a list on this topic along with higher mathematics.

They are twenty four in number.

Shall be writing on these books and the Sutra with explanation.

Now let’s see What Newton, and Einstein have to say on Absolute Time.

Originally introduced by Sir Isaac Newton in Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, the concepts of absolute time and space provided a theoretical foundation that facilitated Newtonian mechanics.[3] According to Newton, absolute time and space respectively are independent aspects of objective reality:[4]
Absolute, true and mathematical time, of itself, and from its own nature flows equably without regard to anything external, and by another name is called duration: relative, apparent and common time, is some sensible and external (whether accurate or unequable) measure of duration by the means of motion, which is commonly used instead of true time …
According to Newton, absolute time exists independently of any perceiver and progresses at a consistent pace throughout the universe. Unlike relative time, Newton believed absolute time was imperceptible and could only be understood mathematically. According to Newton, humans are only capable of perceiving relative time, which is a measurement of perceivable objects in motion (like the Moon or Sun). From these movements, we infer the passage of time.
Absolute space, in its own nature, without regard to anything external, remains always similar and immovable. Relative space is some movable dimension or measure of the absolute spaces; which our senses determine by its position to bodies: and which is vulgarly taken for immovable space … Absolute motion is the translation of a body from one absolute place into another: and relative motion, the translation from one relative place into another …

— Isaac Newton

Quoted below from his later papers, Einstein identified the term aether with “properties of space”, a terminology that is not widely used. Einstein stated that in general relativity the “aether” is not absolute anymore, as the geodesic and therefore the structure of spacetime depends on the presence of matter.[13]
To deny the ether is ultimately to assume that empty space has no physical qualities whatever. The fundamental facts of mechanics do not harmonize with this view. For the mechanical behaviour of a corporeal system hovering freely in empty space depends not only on relative positions (distances) and relative velocities, but also on its state of rotation, which physically may be taken as a characteristic not appertaining to the system in itself. In order to be able to look upon the rotation of the system, at least formally, as something real, Newton objectivises space. Since he classes his absolute space together with real things, for him rotation relative to an absolute space is also something real. Newton might no less well have called his absolute space “Ether”; what is essential is merely that besides observable objects, another thing, which is not perceptible, must be looked upon as real, to enable acceleration or rotation to be looked upon as something real.

— Albert Einstein, Ether and the Theory of Relativity (1920)[14]’

Reference and Citation.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Absolute_space_and_time

# Explanation of the Featured Image.

Two spheres orbiting around an axis. The spheres are distant enough for their effects on each other to be ignored, and they are held together by a rope. The rope is under tension if the bodies are rotating relative to absolute space according to Newton, or because they rotate relative to the universe itself according to Mach, or because they rotate relative to local geodesics according to general relativity.

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Eleven Thousand Year Hinduism Sri Kshetra Lakshmi City Burma

Vishnu was worshiped.
City in honor of Lakshmi was found, Sri Kshetra. 
Eight cities have been found. 
They were built on Mandala design prescribed by the Vedas. 
Buddhism, Thera Buddhism was practised. 


As I have noted in many of my articles, more I delve. into ancient civilizations, more I find about the antiquity of Indian Culture, Sanatana Dharma and Hinduism.

When I state Indian culture and dharma it includes Jainism and Buddhism.

They are considered as part of Hinduism by Sanatana Dharma which calls them as Nastika which term means one who does not believe in the testimony of the Vedas.

These Religions are accepted as  different schools of Thoughts and are to be respected.

One of the Greats of Jainism, Arishtanemi was a cousin of Lord Krishna and I have written a detailed article on this.

Considering the sweep of Sanatana Dharma throughout the world in ancient times which are proved by new archaeological findings, Astronomy dating and confirmation by Cultural affinities, similarities, Etymology of the languages spoken around the world and their roots in Sanskrit and Tamil, accurate descriptions of areas Flora and Fauna in these areas by ancient Indian texts, I am amazed and awestruck at the time line and spread of Hinduism.

And the ridiculous dating of Hinduism to 5000 years, which the self styled scholars have assigned to Rig Veda, the first and earliest literature known to Man.

That Rig Veda is the earliest, these scholars grudgingly admit!

The stretch of Indian history beyond 5000 years have been proved by a million year old Tamil site in Chennai, 20000 old site at Poompuhar, Tamil Nadu, unearthing of pottery with Tamil inscriptions in the middle East the  Hindu artifacts found in Southeast Asia, Middle East, Europe, China, US, Latin America, Central America, Africa, Australia and Russia, not to forget UK, Ireland and Sweden.

I have written extensively on these with proof.

Based on these evidences I have questioned the present date assigned to Buddha around 480BC for he could be dated much earlier.

While writing on ancient civilizations of the world, I have written on Ur, Atlantean, Lemuria and Rama Empire.

I have covered a part of the series of articles on this subject, intending to write more on them as I got side tracked into writing some thing else.

This, I consider as a Bane and Blessing of not being a scholar for I write based on what I find to be credible evidence and I have no preset theories to flaunt.

This is a bane because at times readers lose continuity.

I have written on the presence of Rig Veda Mandala City in Arkaim, Russia, the City of Port Barzhyn, Russia built by Pradhyumna son of Lord Krishna, Baikal Russia as  Vaikanasa Theertha of Indra.

Then we have the Kings of Tamil origin in South East Asia.

We also know that what is now as Bengal in India was inhabited at least 25000 years ago.

And the Rig Veda was composed in the Arctic and what is now Russia was once the home of Sanatana Dharma Dharma.

While writing on these I was intrigued by the spread from Arctic to South (fact is before spreading to Arctic Sanatana Dharma was in South Dravida desa before migrating to Arctic because of a Tsunami), the spread of Buddhism from India from Bengal Region to Lanka and south East Asia.

And there is the enigma of China.

However I have provided evidence Hinduism was in China before any of organised Religion was present.

Now part of the jigsaw seems to fall in place.

That is the Piyu Civilisation in Burma, which is dated  third century BC.

Archeology proves it was at leat 11000 years old.

Buddhism was practiced.

Vishnu was worshiped.

City in honor of Lakshmi was found, Sri Kshetra.

Lakshmi is called Sri and Sri Kshetra means Holy City of Lakshmi.

Eight cities have been found.

They were built on Mandala design prescribed by the Vedas.

Buddhism, Thera Buddhism was practised.

Hinduism preceded Buddhism, hence Hinduism remains are found.

Read more on this below.

Shall be writing more on this subject.

Ancient city Sri Kshetra in Myanmar
Sri Kshetra City in Burma


Based on limited archaeological evidence, it is inferred that the earliest cultures existed in Burma as early as 11,000 B.C., mainly in the central dry zone close to the Irrawaddy. Circa 2nd century B.C., the Tibeto-Burman-speaking Pyu began to enter the Irrawaddy valley from present-day Yunnan via Tapain and Shweli rivers. The original home of the Pyu is reconstructed to be Kokonor Lake in present-day Qinghai and Gansu provinces. The Pyu, the earliest inhabitants of Burma of whom records are extant, went on to found settlements throughout the plains region centered around the confluence of the Irrawaddy and Chindwin rivers that has been inhabited since the Paleolithic age. The Pyu realm was longer than wide, stretching from Sri Ksetra in the south to Halin in the north, Binnaka and Maingmaw to the east and probably Ayadawkye to the west. [Source: Wikipedia +]

The Pyu city states (Burmese: ပျူ မြို့ပြ နိုင်ငံများ) were a group of city-states that existed from c. 2nd century BCE to c. mid-11th century in present-day Upper Burma (Myanmar). The city-states were founded as part of the southward migration by the Tibeto-Burman-speaking Pyu people, the earliest inhabitants of Burma of whom records are extant.[2] The thousand-year period, often referred to as the Pyu millennium, linked the Bronze Age to the beginning of the classical states period when the Pagan Kingdom emerged in the late 9th century…
The city-states—five major walled cities and several smaller towns have been excavated—were all located in the three main irrigated regions of Upper Burma: the Mu River Valley, the Kyaukse plains and Minbu region, around the confluence of the Irrawaddy and Chindwin Rivers. Part of an overland trade route between China and India, the Pyu realm gradually expanded south. Halin, founded in the 1st century AD at the northern edge of Upper Burma, was the largest and most important city until around the 7th or 8th century when it was superseded by Sri Ksetra (near modern Pyay) at the southern edge. Twice as large as Halin, Sri Ksetra was the largest and most influential Pyu centre.[2]

Of the 12 walled cities excavated thus far, five are the remains of largest Pyu states: Beikthano, Maingmaw, Binnaka, Halin and Sri Ksetra.
The Pyu culture was heavily influenced by trade with India, importing Buddhism as well as other cultural, architectural and political concepts, which would have an enduring influence on the Culture of Burma and political organisation.[3] The Pyu calendar, based on the Buddhist calendar, later became the Burmese calendar. Recent scholarship, though yet not settled, suggests that the Pyu script, based on the Indian Brahmi script, may have been the source of the Burmese script used to write the Burmese language.
The millennium-old civilisation came crashing down in the 9th century when the city-states were destroyed by repeated invasions from the Kingdom of Nanzhao. The Bamar people, who came from Nanzhao, set up a garrison town at Bagan at the confluence of the Irrawaddy and Chindwin Rivers. Pyu settlements remained in Upper Burma for the next three centuries but the Pyu gradually were absorbed into the expanding Pagan Kingdom.
Sri Ksetra or Thaye Khittaya (သရေခေတ္တရာ [θəjè kʰɪʔtəjà]; lit., “Field of Fortune”[16] or “Field of Glory”[13]), located 8 km southeast of Prome (Pyay) at present-day Hmawza village,[17] was the last and southernmost Pyu capital. The city was founded between the 5th and 7th centuries,[18]:62–63,77although during two of the recent excavations, January to February 2015 and December 2015 to February 2016, led by Janice Stargardt in Yahanda mound at Sri Ksetra, sherds stamped with Buddhist motifs were found, dated from c. 340 +/- 30 CE.[19] and Pyu culture cremation burials around 270 +/- 30 CE.[20]. Sri Ksetra likely overtook Halin as the premier Pyu city by the 7th or 8th century, and retained that status until the Mranma arrived in the 9th century. The city was home to at least two dynasties, and maybe three. The first dynasty, called the Vikrama Dynasty, is believed to have launched the Pyu calendar, which later became the Burmese calendar, on 22 March 638.[2] The second dynasty was founded by King Duttabaung on 25 March 739 (11th waxing of Tagu 101 ME).[21]
Sri Ksetra is the largest Pyu site discovered thus far. (Only Beikthano and Sri Ksetra have been extensively excavated. Other important Pyu cities as Maingmaw and Binnaka could yield more artefacts with more extensive excavations.) It occupied a larger area than that of the 11th century Pagan or 19th century Mandalay. Circular in design, Sri Ksetra was more than 13 km in circumference and three to four km across, or about 1400 hectares of occupied area. The city’s brick walls were 4.5 meters high, and had 12 gates with huge devas (deities) guarding the entrances and a pagoda at each of the four corners.[21]
The culture of Pyu city states was heavily influenced by India. Indian culture was most visible in the southern Pyu realm through which most trade with India was conducted by sea. The names of southernmost cities were in Pali or Sanskrit derived like Sri Ksetra (Thaye Khittaya) and Vishnu (Beikthano). The kings at Sri Ksetra titled themselves as Varmans and Varma. It was not just a southern phenomenon. To varying degrees, northern Pyu cities and towns also became under the sway of Indian culture. The Burmese chronicles claim that the founding kings of Tagaung were descended from no less than the Sakya clan of the Buddha himself.[32][33]
By the 4th century, most of the Pyu had become predominantly Buddhist, though archaeological finds prove that their pre-Buddhist practices remained firmly entrenched in the following centuries. According to the excavated texts, as well as the Chinese records, the predominant religion of the Pyu was Theravada Buddhism. The Theravada school prevalent in the Pyu realm was probably derived from the Andhra region in southeast India, associated with the famous Theravada Buddhist scholar, Buddhagosa.[32][33] It was the predominant Theravada school in Burma until the late 12th century when Shin Uttarajiva led the realignment with Ceylon’s Mahavihara school.[34]
The archaeological finds also indicate a widespread presence of Tantric Buddhism, Mahayana Buddhism and Hinduism. Avalokiteśvara (Lokanatha) (called Lawkanat in Burmese; လောကနတ် [lɔ́ka̰ naʔ]), Tara, Manusi Buddhas, Vaiśravaṇa, and Hayagriva, all prominent in Mahayana Buddhism, were very much part of Pyu (and later the Pagan) iconography scene. Various Hindu Brahman iconography ranging from the Hindu trinity, Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, to Garuda and Lakshmi have been found, especially in Lower Burma.

Reference and Citation.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyu_city-states?osm=1

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Parents Pray Son For Knowledge Vishnu Stuthi Kashyapa for All Problems. 

The latter is an Attribute of Brahman, the Ultimate Reality.
As Saguna Brahman, Relative Reality, it evolves itself into the world of Names and Forms.
This is where we live in.
The other, beyond names and forms and some with names and forms exist, if one follows the Indian scriptures closely.


There are abstruse  hints about two concepts of Time and different types of Beings, one living within the confines of Space and Time and another, may be many, beyond the realms of Space and Time.

The latter is an Attribute of Brahman, the Ultimate Reality.

As Saguna Brahman, Relative Reality, it evolves itself into the world of Names and Forms.

This is where we live in.

The other, beyond names and forms and some with names and forms exist, if one follows the Indian scriptures closely.

I stumbled onto Dual Concept of Time.

That is Time is both Linear and Circular.

I had written on this in my earlier articles.

I shall be quoting sources and text from Sage Bharatwaja on the dual concept of Time, Spectroscopy in early ancient Indian texts and write a series.

And there is the question of Kashyapa, one of the Saptha Rishis, who remain Eternal,

And we have Manu and Daksha, who are regarded as first Human Beings.

And their daughter/s were married to Sage Kashyapa. Kashyapa is an ancient Rishi and his wife Aditi gave birth to thirty three children.

Eleven Rudras, twelve Aditya, Eight Vasus and two Aswini devas.

Rudra, an amsaor aspect of Lord Shiva is one of the Rudras and Vishnu, one of the twelve Adityas.

I shall write about the hidden message of a first human’daughter being married to one Rishi who remains Eternal.

This has historical, geographical and cosmological significance.

Now I am posting a Stuthi,, Praise to Lord Vishnu by His parents Kashyapa and Aditi.

This Prayer is for solving all problems and attaining Self Realization.

The Sthuthis.

Kashyapa :
Namastestu tey Devadeva Ekashringa Vrushaaarchey Sindhu Vrushaarchey Sindhuvrusha, Vrishaakapey Suravrisha Anaadisambhava Rudra Kapila Vishvaksena/ Sarva Bhutapatey Dhruva Dharmaadharma Vaikuntha Vrishaavarta, Anaadimadhyanidhana Dhananjaya Shuchishravah Prushnatejah/ Nijajaya Amriteshaaya Sanaatana Tridhaama Tushita Mahaa Tatwa, Lokanaatha Padmanaabha Virinchey Bahurupa Akshaya Akshara/ Havyabhuja Khandaparasho Shakra Munjakesha Hamsa Maha Dakshina, Hrishikesha Sukshma Mahaaniyamadhara Viraja Loka pratishtha/ Arupa Agraja Dharmaja Dharma naabha Gabhastinaama, Shatakratunaabha Chandra ratha Surya Tejah Samudravaasah Ajah/ Sahrashirah Sahasrapaad Adhomukhaha Mahapurusha Purushottama, Sahasrabaaho Sahasramurtey Sahastraasya Sahasrasambhavah, Sahasratvam Twamaahuh/ Pushpahaasa Charama twameva Voushat, Vashatkaram twaamaahu ragryam Makheshu Praashitaaram Sahasradharam/ Cha Bhuscha Bhuvascha Suwascha Twameva Vedavedya Brahmashaya, Brahmana priya twameva dhaurasi Maatarishvasasi Dharmosi/ Hota Pota Mantaa Netaa Homahetustwameva Agrya, Vishwathaamnaa twameva dikbhih Subhaanda Ijjyosi/ Sumedhosi Samidhastwameva matirgatirdaataa twamasi, Mokshosi Yogisi Srujaasi Dhaataa Parama Yagnosi/ Somesi Dikshitosi Dakshinaasi Vishwamasi, Sthavira Hiranyanaabha Naraayana Trinayana Adityavarna/ Adityatejah Mahapurusha Purushottama Adi Deva Suvikrama, Prabhakara Shambho Swayambho Bhutaadih Mahabhutesi/ Vishva bhuta Vishvam twameva Vishwagoptaasi Pavitramasi,Viswabhuva Urthvakarma Amrita Divaspatey Vaachaspatey Ghrutaarchey, Ananta Karma Vamsha Praagvamsha Vishvapaatastwamewa/ Vaarthinaam Varadositwam, Chaturbhischa dwaabhyaam Panchabhireva cha, Yhuyatey cha punar –dhaabhyaam tubhyam Hotraatmaney Namah/
Deva Deva, Eka Shringa, Vrishaarchi, Sindhuvrusha, Vrishaakapi, Suravrisha, Anaadi Sambhava, Rudra, Kapila, Vishvaksena, Sarva Bhuapati, Dhruva, Dharmaadharma, Vaikuntha, Vrishaa Karta, Anadi -madhya nidhana, Dhanajaya, Shrutishrava, Prushna Teja, Nijajaya, Amriteshaya, Sanaatana, Tridhaama, Tushita, Mahaa Tatwa, Lokanaatha, Padmanaabha, Virinchi, Bahurupa, Akshaya, Akshara, Havyabhuja, Khandaparashu, Shakra, Munjikesha, Hamsa, Mahaa Dakshina, Hrishikesha, Sukshma, Mahaniyamadhara, Viraja, Lokapratishtha, Arupa, Agraja, Dharmaja, Dharmanaabha, Gabhastunaabha, Shatakratunaabha, Chandra Ratha, Surya Teja, Aja, Sahasra shira, Sahasrapaada, Adhomukha, Maha Purusha, Purushotthama, Sahasrabaahu, Sahasra Murti, Sahasrasya, Sahasra Sambhava! I prostrate before you and touch your feet; You are commended as Sahasratva, Pushpahaasa, Charama / Sarvotthama; You are known as Voushta and Vashatkaara; You are Agrya or Sarvotthama, Yagna Praashita or Bhokta, Sahasra dhaara; You are the Bhur-Bhuva-Swah Swarupa; Veda Vedya or Recognisable through Vedas; Brahmashaya, Brahmanapriya; Dhyouh or Sarvavyapi like the Sky; Maatarishwa or Speedy like Vayu; Dharma, Hota, Potha / Vishnu; Mantaa, Netaa, Homa hetu or the Root Cause of Homa; Vishvateja, Agrya or Sarvasreshtha, Subhanda or like the Huge Patrarupa encompassing all Dishaas; You are worthy of Yajana or Ijya; Sumedha, Samidha, Mati, Gati, and Daataa; You are Moksha, Yoga, Srashta or the Supreme Creator; Dhata / Dhaarana and Poshana Karta; Parama Yagna, Soma, Dikshita, Dakshina and Vishwa; You are Sthavira, Hiranyanaabha, Narayana, Trinayana, Adityavarna, Aditya Teja, Maha Purusha, Purushottama, Adi Deva, Suvikrama, Prabhakara, Shambhu, Swayambhu, Bhugtaadi, Maha Bhuta, Vishwa Bhuta, and Vishwa; You are the Samsaara Raksha, Pavitra, Vishwa bhava or Vishwa Srashta, Urthwa Karma or Uttama Karma, Amrita or Everlasting, Divaspati, Vaachaspati, Ghrutaarchi, Anantakarma, Vamsha, Pragvamsha, Vishwapa or Vishwa Paalaka, Varada or the Bestower of boons; and finally, You are the Hotraatma or who is responsible for producing Agnihotra by way of the seventeen counted Aksharaas or Letters viz. Four ‘Aashraavayas’ plus four ‘Astu Shroushads’ plus two ‘Yajaas’ plus five ‘Yajaamahyes’ and again two ‘Vashats’).

Aditi Stuthi

Devi Aditi:
Namah krutyaarta naashaaya Namah Pushkara maaliney, Namah Parama Kalyaana Kalyaanaadi vedhasey/ Namah Pankajanertaaya Namah Pankaja naabhaey, Namah Pankaja Sambhuti sambhavaayaatma yonaey/ Shriyah Kaantaayaa daantaaya Daantadrushyaaya Chakriney, Namah Padmaasi hastaaya Namah Kanaka retasey/ Tathaatma Jnaana Yagjnaaya Yogi chintyaaya Yoginey, Nirgunaaya Visheshaaya Haraye Brahmarupiney/Jagaccha tishthatey yatra jagato yo na drushyatey, Namah Sthulaati Sukshmaaya tasmai Devaaya Shaaranginey/ Yam na pashyanti pashyanto Jagadapyakhilam Naaha, Apashyadbhirjagadyascha drushyatey hridi samshitah/ Bahirjyotiralakshyo yo lakshyatey Jyotisha parah, Yasminneva yataschaiva Hasyaitadakhilam Jagat/ Tasmai Samasta jagataamamaraaya Namo Namah, Aadyah Prajaapatih sopi Pitrunaam Pamam Patih, Patih Syraanaam yastasmai namah Krishnaaya Vedhasey/ Yah Pravrutthai Nivruttaischa Kamkabhistu virajjyatey,Swargaapavarga phalado Namastasmai Gadaabhrutey/Yastu sanchintyamaanopi Sarvam paapam vyapohati,Namastasmai Vishuddhaaya Parasmai Harimedhasey/ Ye pashyanthy akhikaadhaara meeshaana majama- vyayam, na punarjanma smaranam praapnuvanti Namaami tam/ Yaa yagney Yagnaparamairijj- yatey Yagnasamsthitah, Tam Yagna Purusham Vishnum Namaami Prabhumeeswaram/ Geeyatey Sarva Vedeshu Vedavidbhirvidaam gatih/ Yastasmai Vedavidyaaya Nityaaya Viushnavey Namah/ Yato Vishwam samrudbhutam yasmin Pralayameshyati, Vishvodbhava Pratishthaaya Namastasmai Mahaatmaney/ AaBrahma stambha paryantam Vyaptam yena charaacharam, Mayaajaala samunnaddhamtamupendram namaamyaham/ Yotra Toyaswarupastho bibharty –akhilameeshwarah, Vishwam Vishwapatim Vishnum tam Namaami Prajaapatim/ Murtim tamosuramayam taddhidho vinihanti yah, Raatrijam Surya Rupeecha tamupendram namaamyaham/ Yasyaakshini Chandra Suryo Sarvaloka Shubhaashubham, Pashyatah karma satatam tamupendram namaamyaham/ Yasmin Sarveshwarey sarvamSatyametanmayoditam, Naanrutam tamajam Vishnum Namaami Prabhavaavyayam/ Yadyetat Satyamuktam mey Bhuyaschaato Njanardana, Satyena tena sakalaah Puryantaam mey Manorathaah/

Prabho! I am grieving with unimaginable anguish which could be destroyed only by you. My Salutations toYou Bhagavan who sports lotus garlands and Pushakara malaas; You are the Adi Vidhata who is an embodiment of propitiousness! You are Kamala Nayana, Padmanaabha, the Creator of Brahma, Atmajanma, Lakshmi Pati, Indriya damana, worthy of darshan only by Samayama Yogis, Sudarshana and Khadga dhaari! Only those ‘Atmagyanayuta’ Yagnakartas, Yogadhyaanis and Yoga Saadhakaas could aspire to visualise your Gunarahita Brahma Swarupa! May I pay my obeisances to you Sharanga Dhari Deva! as you occupy the whole world in a Gross Form and yet possess the tiniest Form which is invisible! Those persons who do not make efforts to visualise you do not get your Darshan any way, but those who have no other desire in life excepting you would readily witness you are blessed with your image in their hearts always for the asking! Your unbelievable Jyoti or extraordinary Radiance is all-pervading in the entire Universe in which you are present invisibly and contrarily the Universe is but an integral segment of You Parama Deva! In other words, You are all over the Universe, the Universe was created by you and in fact the Universe is of Yours! My humble greetings to you the original Prajapati! Pitara Sreshtha! Devata Swami! Shri Krishna! Here are my Pranaams again and again! You are the Supreme Objective of Pravritti and Nivritti Deeds (Ritualistic and Directly unswerving approach) and the Unique Decider of bestowing Swarga or Moksha the Eternal Bliss! My namashkaaraas to you Vishuddha Swarupa as even my taking your very name and memory would smash all my sins! You are the Avinaashi or Indestructible; Akhilaadhara or the Mighty Clutch of the Entirety; the Only Reliever of the Trap of Birth-Death Cycle! You are perceptible through Yagnaas, the Yagna Murti, the Yagna Sthita and Yagna Purusha! Vedas commend you, Vedajnaas sing your hymns, You are the ‘Vidwadjanaashraya’ or the one who is fond of the Company of Vidwadjanaas. My Most Revered Paramaatma! The whole Vishwa is your Creation, Sustenance and also the Termination thus You are the Vishva Kartha, Vishva Bharta and the Vishwa Harta! I pray to that Highest Magnificence who materialised Surya Swarupa and destroyed darkess for good. To that Sarveswara, the Ajanma, Avyaya, Srashta and Vishnu who is fully aware of the Truth about me and the transparency and earnestness of my Prayers that I am prostrating with humility craving him to grant my wish!)

Source for Stuthi.

Kamakoti

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World An Illusion Objects Altered By Us Quantum Proves Hinduism 

That is the reason non living Beings are called as Achalam, that is Non moving and those with Consciousness which we normally  associate with Life by calling tthose with Life as possessing Consciousnessand non living beings as without Consciousness because we presume that they have no Life.


Indian philosophy states that Consciousness (Chit) is all pervasive in living beings as well as non living.

That is the reason non living Beings are called as Achalam, that is Non moving and those without Consciousness  (which we normally  associate with Life by calling those with Life as possessing Consciousness)and non living beings as without Consciousness because we presume that they have no Life.

(for that matter even today we do not have an aaccurate definition of Life and Death) 

Living being  are called as  Chalam , MOVING, movement being associated with movement . 

When we we perceive, we have three components.

The Perceiver (S), the Perceived (O) the object of Perception. 

These alone would not do to complete the Process of Perception. 

We need both the Perceiver and the Perceived to B complete the process of Perception. 

This connection is called R. 

So Perception  Is Subject Object Relationship . 

This is expresses thus. 

S➡O➡R. 

Consciousness Is that which enables understanding or Perception. 

This is the modern concept  of Perception . 

According to Indian philosophy  especially  Advaita, propounded by Adi SShankaracharya states   that the external world of things of Names and Forms are mental Projections and Illusory. 

However these objects with Names and Forms have relative existence.

They are Real as far as or so long  or in so far as they remain connected ,as the Perceiver perceives them and do not have Absolute Existence.

This theory is called Maya Vaada . 

However the Perceived objects continue to Exist even if they are not perceived by one. 

If one moves away from perceiving an Object,  still the Object  continues to Exist because it is perceived by someone else.

This, again is relative . 

In Western philosophy this school of Thought is called Objective Idealism. 

Indian sschool of Thought Mimamsa  states that an Atom has a unique quality, apart from its ability to combine with other Atoms apart from the one with which it is in cconnection. 

This Quality is called Visesha.

This quality is the ability of the Atoms to combine with any other Atom other the one with which it is ccurrently interacting. 

That is an Atom can be present at many places at the same time. 

And Advaita and other texts state that you alter or perceive what you disposed or inclined to Perceive. 

‘Yathaa Bhaavo Thathaa Drishti’ 

In short, one perceives objects, not as they are (if they Are) but what one is disposed or inclined to perceive:

An Atom can be present at multiple locations at the same time.,that is An Object Can be present at the same time in many places. 

The Perceiver, Consciousness  changes what one perceives.

This is confirmed  by Quantum Mechanics.

‘QM has questioned the material foundations of the world by showing that atoms and subatomic particles are not really solid objects—they do not exist with certainty at definite spatial locations and definite times. Most importantly, QM explicitly introduced the mind into its basic conceptual structure since it was found that particles being observed and the observer—the physicist and the method used for observation—are linked. According to one interpretation of QM, this phenomenon implies that the consciousness of the observer is vital to the existence of the physical events being observed, and that mental events can affect the physical world. The results of recent experiments support this interpretation. These results suggest that the physical world is no longer the primary or sole component of reality, and that it cannot be fully understood without making reference to the mind.”

From the Manifesto For a Post-Materialist Science

The Manifesto linked above also says:

:Studies of the so-called “psi phenomena” indicate that we can sometimes receive meaningful information without the use of ordinary senses, and in ways that transcend the habitual space and time constraints. Furthermore, psi research demonstrates that we can mentally influence—at a distance—physical devices and living organisms (including other human beings). Psi research also shows that distant minds may behave in ways that are non-locally correlated, i.e. the correlations between distant minds are hypothesized to be unmediated (they are not linked to any known energetic signal), unmitigated (they do not degrade with increasing distance), and immediate (they appear to be simultaneous). These events are so common that they cannot be viewed as anomalous nor as exceptions to natural laws, but as indications of the need for a broader explanatory framework that cannot be predicated exclusively on materialism.”

To summarize, over the years the back-and-forth criticism of protocols, refinement of methods, and successful replication of this type of remote viewing in independent laboratories (Bisaha & Dunne, 1979; Dunne & Bisaha, 1979; Jahn, 1982; and Jahn & Dunne, 1986), has yielded considerable scientific evidence for the reality of the phenomenon. Adding to the strength of these results was the discovery that a growing number of individuals could be found to demonstrate high-quality remote viewing, often to their own surprise, such as the talented Hella Hammid.

e declassified literature.

Declassified documents also show that that the CIA kept tabs on other country’s developments with regards to individuals who could work with or break the mind/matter barrier. This document, titled “Research into Paranormal Ability To Break Through Spatial Barriers” is one such example.

It states, “A total of 50 experiments in the ability to break through of spatial obstacles were conducted. . . . Of the 50 experiments, 25 were successful, 17 were videotaped and high speed photography were used in 6,” and goes into more detail about these individuals.

The point is, there are no shortage of individuals who are able to do this, as well as mainstream scientific examinations under strict protocols where mind has been shown to influence matter at all levels, not just the quantum level.

This is precisely why the American Institutes for Research concluded:

The statistical results of the studies examined are far beyond what is expected by chance. Arguments that these results could be due to methodological flaws in the experiments are soundly refuted. Effects of similar magnitude to those found in government-sponsored research at SRI and SAIC have been replicated at a number of laboratories across the world. Such consistency cannot be readily explained by claims of flaws or fraud.

Even as far back as 1985, a report prepared by the Army Research Institute disclosed that “the data reviewed in this report constitute genuine scientific anomalies for which no one has an adequate explanation for.”

Another “proof,” for lack of a better term, is the mind-body connection. The results in this area are just as strong as those in the “hard sciences.”

In 1999, a statistics professor at UC Irvine published a paper showing that parapsychological experiments have produced much stronger results than those showing a daily dose of aspirin helps prevent a heart attack.

The placebo effect is another great example. As reported in Scientific American:

As neuroscientist Fabrizio Benedetti, one of the pioneers of placebo research, puts it, there isn’t just one placebo effect but many. Placebo painkillers can trigger the release of natural pain-relieving chemicals called endorphins. Patients with Parkinson’s disease respond to placebos with a flood of dopamine. Fake oxygen, given to someone at altitude, has been shown to cut levels of neurotransmitters called prostaglandins (which dilate blood vessels, among other things, and are responsible for many of the symptoms of altitude sickness).

The effectiveness of placebo has been proven time and time again, such as this Baylor School of Medicine study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine in 2002. It looked at surgery for patients with severe and debilitating knee pain. Many surgeons know there is no placebo effect in surgery, or so most of them believe. The patients were divided into three groups. The surgeons shaved the damaged cartilage in the knee of one group. For the second group they flushed out the knee joint, removing all of the material believed to be causing inflammation. Both of these processes are the standard surgeries for people who have severely arthritic knees. The third group received a “fake” surgery; the patients were only sedated and tricked into believing they had had the knee surgery. Doctors simply made the incisions and splashed salt water on the knee as they would in normal surgery. They then sewed up the incisions like the real thing and the process was complete. All three then groups went through the same rehab process, with astonishing results: The placebo group improved just as much as the other two groups who had surgery.

You can read more about the mind-body connection in this CE article:

This Is How Powerful The Mind-Body Connection Really.

http://www.collective-evolution.com/2017/09/20/the-astonishing-link-between-quantum-physics-the-human-mind/

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Relationships, How Far? 

There is no necessity of being deliberate or planning on interacting with them. 
That is what family is all about. 
Over thinking about relationships and communication skills, in my opinion, stunts the warmth of the relationship, though the words might be not too soft. 


There are volumes and volumes written on relationships these days.

Many might think I am old fashioned, might be true, but we have taken to relationships naturally.

It was not deliberate.

We had, at least I have, two levels.

One is family, friends and those who are close, the last mentioned need not be relatives, in fact it is not..

The others are, well, just others.

With the first category,  I do not think before I interact and express myself spontaneously without thinking or second guessing what the reaction or reply would be.

No doubt, this leads to arguments especially in the family.

But I do not carry it forward for the next second and I resume my talk after a heated exchange normally.

In my opinion, you let your hair down and be natural with whom you love.

There is no necessity of being deliberate or planning while interacting with them.

That is what family is all about.

Over thinking about relationships and communication skills, in my opinion, stunts the warmth of the relationship, though the words might be not too soft.

The deliberation involved in communication between family members and close friends spoils the Bond and people become strangers.

In my view that is not relationship.

We are natural and outspoken with whom we love and the love is felt, not known.

That’s it.

Yet how far relationship can go?

When you die,

Relatives upto to your Home,

Your wife is upto to the end of the street where you live,

(Indian custom),

Your son(who is expected to perform your last Rites), is upto the Crematorium, Grave.

But the effects, results of your actions, Karma will be with you far beyond.

This was beautifully expressed in a Tamil film song penned by the great poet Kannadasan.

‘வீடு வரை உறவு,

வீதி வரை மனைவி,

காடு வரை பிள்ளை,

கடைசி வரை யாரோ,

I have provided the meaning, after the line

‘ when you die’

in the beginning of this article.

Kannadasan ends the line as ‘who shall be till the Last’

This thought is from Pattinathar a Yogi from Tamil Nadu who composed quite a few of the most profound Poems on Life, Shiva and Bhakti.

I am providing the lunes from Pattinathar below.

Pattinathar concludes as Results of actions, benevolent and not benevolent, Paap and Punya shall follow you till the last.
அந்தமும் வாழ்வும் அகத்து மட்டேவிழி அம்பொழுக மெத்திய மாதரும் வீதி மட்டே

விம்மி விம்மி இரு கை தலை மேல் வைத்து அழும் மைந்தரும் சுடுகாடு மட்டே

பற்றித் தொடரும் இரு வினை புண்ணியம் பாவமுமே.
andhamum vAzhvum agathu matte

vizhi ambozhuga methiya mAdharum veedhi matte

vimmi vimmi iru kai thalai mel vaithu azhum maindharum sudukAdu matte

patrith thodarum iru vinai punniyam pAvamume

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Britisher Who Saw Lord Shiva Renovated Shiva Temple  Baijnath Agar Malwa

I have written  articles on The Sage who spoke from the Grave,Goddess Meenakshi leads by hand,Goddess Abhirami plays,how,all documented.

Here is another such recorded fact.

A Britisher’s prayer to Shiva was answered and her husband saw Lord Shiva


Hinduism advocates God as A Principle,Beyond Attributes.

The underlying principle of Life and Universe,both known and Unknown lies in all these,they in It,yet It is beyond them.

It is the Reality,Brahman.

This Brahman is without beginning and end.

It is Infinite.

It is beyond words,thoughts.

It Immanent and as well all Pervasive.

It can be felt and Realized.

There are various methods tried to Realize Brahman,also known as the Self.

There are as many paths,methods to Realize Brahman as many individuals and individual dispositions are.

To understand this principle and realize Brahman as a Priniple,Beyond Attributes is possible only for a few.

Brahman is Realized and not Known in the manner of our knowing mundane things.

It is,for short of words, I use this term, Experienced.

Experiences,all of them need not be through our sense organs alone.

However as this understanding of Brahman as Principle,Hinduism has suggested the method of Realizing Brahman through worship of Personal God,called Easwara.

Please read my article on Iswara Pranidhana,Yoga.

In this method God is related as Preceptor,Father,Mother,Guru,Friend,Lover……

The mind relates to things it likes.

So one is advised to choose the Devatha as he pleases,in consultation with a Guru,who can guide him in choosing what is best .

This worship of Personal God is called Saguna Aradhana,while the realization process of Brahman as The Absolute is called Nirguna Aradhana.

According to Vedas,the authority for Hindus on Spirituality,Saguna Aradhana leads to Realization.

Many Gods are found in Hindu traditions because of this thought,though the substratum of all is,One.

Among many Gods/Goddesses,three are called the Trimurthis,the Trinity.

Brahma,Vishnu and Shiva,representing Potential,Kinetic and Potentio-kinetic energy respectively.

And the Trimurthis are attributed with all human and beyond human Attributes.

The prayers addressed to them Delivers.

I have written  articles on The Sage who spoke from the Grave,Goddess Meenakshi leads by hand,Goddess Abhirami plays,how,all documented.

Here is another such recorded fact.

A Britisher’s prayer to Shiva was answered and her husband saw Lord Shiva.

And the couple renovated the Shiva Temple.

Read on.

BAIJNATH MAHADEV MANDIR, AGAR
  • This Mandir is located on the bank of the Banganga river.
  • The construction of this Mandir was started 1528 and completed in 1536.
  • Height of this Mandir is about 50 feet from ground level with 4 feet High kalash.
  • There is 17 feet deep kund(well) on the back side of the Mandir.

History:-

The British ruled India for hundreds of years, and built many churches and cathedrals. But in the 1880s, a Shiva temple in Agar Ma lwa, Madhya Pradesh, was rebuilt by Lt. Col. Martin — the only temple ever made by an Englishman in India.

Col. Martin was in the Afghan wars. He used to regularly write to his wife, informing her of conditions there. It was a long war, and gradually the colonel’s letters stopped. Mrs. Martin, who then lived in the cantonment of Agar Malwa, was besides herself with grief, fearing the worst.

She would spend time riding for hours to calm herself. One day she rode her horse, past the temple of Baijnath Mahadev. It was in a decrepit state. It was the time of arti, and the sound of conches and the chanting of mantras compelled her to stop. She went inside to see the worship of Lord Shiva taking place. The priests saw the grief on her face and asked her what was wrong. Mrs. Martin narrated her sad story. The Brahmins told her that Lord Shiva listens to sincere prayers of all devotees and saves them from difficult situations. She was advised by one of the priests to start chanting the mantra: “Om Namah Shivaya” for 11 days. The Englishwoman prayed to Lord Shiva for the colonel’s safe return, promising she would rebuild the temple if he came home safe from the war. On the 10th day, a messenger arrived from Afghanistan with a letter from her husband. It read, “I was regularly sending you letters from the battlefield but then suddenly the Pathans surrounded us. I thought there was no way of escape. Suddenly I saw an Indian yogi with long hair, wearing a tiger skin carrying a trident. He had an awe-inspiring personality and he started wielding his weapon against the Afghans who ran away from the field in fright. With his grace what was certain death our bad times turned into victory. Then the great yogi told me that I should not worry and that he had come to rescue me because he was very pleased with my wife’s prayers.”

Tears of joy and gratitude welled up in Mrs. Martin’s eyes as she read the letter. Her heart was overwhelmed. She fell at the feet of Lord Shiva’s image and sobbed. After a few weeks Lt. Col. Martin returned and his wife told him her story. The couple became devotees of Lord Shiva. In 1883, they donated Rs 15,000 to renovate the temple. This information is engraved on a slab kept in the Baijnath Mahadev Temple.

The Martins sailed for England with the firm resolution that they would make a Shiva temple at their home and pray to him till the end of life. And they did.

How to Reach:-

01 By Air 109 km away Indore Airport (IDR)Indore, Madhya Pradesh
149 km away Bhopal Airport (BHO)Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh
02 By Rail 50 km away Shajapur (SFY)Shajapur, Madhya Pradesh
50 km away Tarana Road (TAN)Tarana , Madhya Pradesh
65 km away Ujjain (UJN)Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh

Nearest:-

Nearest Name Distance ( in Kms)
Airport INDORE 110
Railway Station SHAJAPUR 50
Railway Station UJJAIN 65
Bus Stand AGAR 00

 Reference and citation.

http://www.agarmalwa.mp.gov.in/baijnath-mandir/

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Rama Name Equals Thousand Names Of God Numerical Explanation

Ancient Indian texts have minimum four meanings.

1.Literal meaning.

2.An Allegory to indicate a Spiritual fact.

3.A hidden meaning indicating Tantra Sastra.

4.Explaining a scientific fact. 


Lord Rama image
Lord Rama

 

Ramayana is a historical fact, validated by archeology, Astronomy and, Literary references from contemporary literature from India and from around the world of ancient times.

Ramayana has over three thousand versions.

Some of them are in foreign languages of the Far East. Please read my articles on Ramayana, and Rama.

Be that as it may.

Ancient Indian texts have minimum four meanings.

1.Literal meaning.

2.An Allegory to indicate a Spiritual fact.

3.A hidden meaning indicating Tantra Sastra.

4.Explaining a scientific fact.

Apart from the words/letters of Characters indicate abstract qualities.

In some cases these names are mysticallly locked sounds.

They have the power to heal.

This is because of the Resonance the Sound creates.

I have written on the Breathing of Earth measured is identical to the Resonance of OM.(Schumann Resonance)

Please read my articles on Mantras.

Though there are many names for Individual God(Saguna Brahman), sometimes  there is more than one name for One God, some names are more powerful.
One such powerful name is Rama.

Probably because of this fact the sound of Rama in various forms is found in many cultures.

For the worship of RA.

Rama nama is declared to be so powerful that it is rated higher than Lord Rama Himself.

For more on Rama Nama please read my article on this.

The reference to Rama Nama is found at an important point in Vishnu Sahasranama, which along with Lalitha Sahasranama is rated as best among Mantra and Tantra Sastra combined.

Vishnu Sahasranama chanting is guaranteed to provide you mental peace, apart from many other things.

There are two methods of reciting Vishnu Sahasranama.

One is starting from the beginning to the end, with

Arthaa vishanna chanted twice.

The shorter version is to begin at the beginning and skip Phala Sruthi.

That is after Vanamaali Gathisaarngi…, you go to

EASWARA Uvacha, declaration by Lord Shiva

And continue to till the end as in the first method.

All the fruits that accrue are described in the phalasruthi.

But even when you skip the phalasruthi in the second method of chanting, you get all the benefits by the single sloka of EASWARA Uvacha.

What is that special sloka?

राम राम रामेति रमे रामे मनोरमे ।
सहस्रनाम तत्तुल्यं रामनाम वरानने ॥
Raama Raama Raame[a-I]ti Rame Raame Manorame |
Sahasra-Naama Tat-Tulyam Raama-Naama Vara-[A]anane ||

Meaning:
1: By meditating on “Rama Rama Rama” (the Name of Rama), my Mind gets absorbed in the Divine Consciousness of Rama, which is Transcendental,
2: The Name of Rama is as Great as the Thousand Names of God (Vishnu Sahasranama).

The sloka is special because the Speaker is Easwara(Shiva) and the one who is spoken  about is Vishnu as Rama.

Easwara means personal God.

Vishnu is One supports everything.

One interpretation of this sloka, which is popularly accepted is

‘Chanting Rama nama accounts to chanting the whole Vishnu Sahasranama (1000 names of Vishnu). :

The other explanation is that chanting Rama Nama is equivalent to chanting God’ s Name thousand Times.

Here Sahasranama is interpreted as Thousand Names, which is etymologically correct and not specific to only Vishnu Sahasranama.

The Numerical Explanation.

According to Sanskrit scriptures, there is a principle in which sounds and letters are associated with their corresponding numbers.
Ra denotes number 2 (Ya – 1, Ra – 2, La – 3, Va – 4 … )

Ma denotes number 5 (Pa – 1, Pha – 2, ba – 3, Bha – 4, Ma – 5)
So Rama – Rama – Rama becomes 2 * 5 * 2 * 5 * 2 * 5 = 1000amayana the Indian Epic is not a figment of imagination in the fertile mind of a poet.

* In the sloka each of the sounds RA and MA occurs thrice.

Hence the above calculation.
Reference and Citation.

https://www.quora.com/What-are-some-mind-blowing-facts-about-Lord-Rama

Additional information on Sanskrit Numerals1″to and Equivalent Alphabets.

‘ Sanskrit RA and number 2 marked below as #

Sanskrit Ma and 5 marked as *

I have provided this information to clarify the Numerical interpretation of RA and MA.

Sanskrit scholars and Linguistic specialists as I am a novice.

Source of the following information.

https://www.sanskrit-trikashaivism.com/en/learning-sanskrit-writing-ancient-sanskrit-characters-1/422

Letters and numbers – Variants
Numbers
Numbers
Numbers (variants included) Uno (variante) n/a n/a n/a Cinco (variante 1)or Cinco (variante 2) n/a n/a Ocho (variante) Nueve (variante 1)or Nueve (variante 2)or Nueve (variante 3) n/a
Transliteration 1 2 # 3 4 5 * 6 7 8 9 0
Consonants
Gutturals
Gutturals (variants) n/a kha (variant) n/a n/a n/a
Transliteration ka kha ga gha ṅa
Palatals
Palatals (variants) n/a n/a n/a jha (variant 1)or jha (variant 2) n/a
Transliteration ca cha ja jha ña
Dentals
Dentals (variants) n/a n/a n/a dha (variant) n/a
Transliteration ta tha da dha na
Labials म *
Labials (variants) n/a n/a n/a bha (variant) n/a
Transliteration pa pha ba bha ma
Semivowels र #
Semivowels (variants) n/a n/a la (variant 1)or la (variant 2) va
Transliteration ya ra la va
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Dasaratha Had Sons other Than Four,In Sumeria Mittani Kings List?

So if Dasaratha,spelled as Tusharatta in these Kings Lists,who were Dasaratha’s successors in Sumerian and Mittani Empire? 

Names of the sons of Ramayana,Lava and Kusa are not found ,either.

Could it be that the Kings of Sumerian and Mittani are the children of Bharatha,Lakshmana,Shatrugna?

Or the sons of Dasaratha, through his consort other than Kausalya,Kaikeyi and Sumitra?

According to Hindu Sharma,A King can not anoint a son not through Queens.

Is it that Dasaratha gave away these far lands to his console’s son?

Though it is stated that Dasaratha married 60,000 wives to avoid the wrath of Parashurama,Valmiki records the 350 wives of Dasaratha.

 Valmiki Ramayana, Ayodhya Kanda, Chapter 34, Verse 10

Dasaratha said to Sumantra,
“Oh, Sumantra! being all my wives, who are here. Surrounded by all of them, I want to see the virtuous Rama.”
(‘who are here’ means available at the capital city then)
Valmiki Ramayana, Ayodhya Kanda, Chapter 34, Verse 13:


While checking up the spread of Sanatana Sharma, I stumbled upon facts ,which though initially seemed at variance with Indian texts,deeper study has proved that the information provided by Indian texts are in agreement with foreign sources.

Only after such verification, I write.

But one information, I am unable to reconcile.

That is Ramayana.

Rama’s Empire extended throughout the world and his sons were found in the far east and northwest of India.

Rama”s legacy is found in abounds in Iraq and the middle east.

The issue I am facing is that while names of Ramayana,Bharata( not Rama’s brother,but Dushyanta’s son) and Dasaratha are found in the Sumerian Kings List,and names of Dasaratha,Parashurama are found in the Kings List of Mittani.

But the progenies’ names of Rama are not found,though the names in these Kings Lists after Dasaratha are of Sanskrit origin .

But Bharatha,Lakshmana and Shatrugna do not find a place in these lists,though Rama’s son Lava founded the present day Lahore in Pakistan.

I am unable to find mention of any sons of Dasaratha,other than Rama,Lakshmana,Bharatha and Shatrugna.

So if Dasaratha,spelled as Tusharatta in these Kings Lists,who were Dasaratha’s successors in Sumerian and Mittani Empire?

Names of the sons of Ramayana,Lava and Kusa are not found ,either.

Could it be that the Kings of Sumerian and Mittani are the children of Bharatha,Lakshmana,Shatrugna?

Or the sons of Dasaratha, through his consort other than Kausalya,Kaikeyi and Sumitra?

According to Hindu Sharma,A King can not anoint a son not through Queens.

Is it that Dasaratha gave away these far lands to his console’s son?

Though it is stated that Dasaratha married 60,000 wives to avoid the wrath of Parashurama,Valmiki records the 350 wives of Dasaratha.

Valmiki Ramayana, Ayodhya Kanda, Chapter 34, Verse 10

Dasaratha said to Sumantra,
“Oh, Sumantra! being all my wives, who are here. Surrounded by all of them, I want to see the virtuous Rama.”
(‘who are here’ means available at the capital city then)
Valmiki Ramayana, Ayodhya Kanda, Chapter 34, Verse 13:
अर्ध सप्त शताः ताः तु प्रमदाः ताम्र लोचनाः |
कौसल्याम् परिवार्य अथ शनैः जग्मुर् धृत व्रताः || २-३४-१३
“ardha sapta shataah taah tu pramadaah taamra locanaah |
kausalyaam parivaarya atha shanaih jagmur dhrita vrataah ||” 2-34-13
atha= thereafter; taah= those; ardha sapta shataah= THREE
HUNDRED AND FIFTY pramadaah= women; dhritavrataah= steadfast in their vow (of devotion to their husband); taamra lochanaah= having red eyes; parivaarya= encircling; kausalyaam= Kausaly; jagmuh= went; shanaih= slowly.
‘Encircling Kausalya, three hundred fifty women, steadfast in their vow (of devotion to their husband), with their eyes reddened, went there slowly.’
(ii) Valmiki Ramayana, Book II : Ayodhya Kanda, Chapter (Sarga) 39, Verse 34 & 35:
Rama said to Queen Kausalya, His mother,
“Oh, mother! You do not grieve. You look after my father. The end of exile will come rather soon.”

Dasaratha wives 3,350,60,000

Scholars may clarify whether Dasaratha had any more sons than the four.

Kings List Sumerian.image
Rama in Sumerian Kings List

I have posted an article that Lord Rama and Bharata’s names are found in the Kings List of Sumerians chronicling their Kings.

Not only Rama and Bharata, but the names of other Hindu Puranic figures find a place in the Kings List.

The Names found are,

 Indra,Pururavas,Dasaratha,Parashurama,Satyavrata,Iksvahu,Kakusha,Janaka,Vasishta, Janamejaya,Dushyanta(Father of Bharata,after whom India is named as Bharatavarsha),Rishis Gautama,Dundhu,,Muchukunda,Drupada,Harischandra,Sagara,Bhagiratha, Lava, Kusha(Rama’s sons),Aja and Raghu(Rama’s ancestors),Pundarika,

Curious enough ‘ all of them belong to Solar Dynasty mentioned in Puranas.

Sumerian Kings List

Mittani Kings List. Source. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rulers_of_Mitanni

 

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Rama’s Sister Shanta Born 4449 BC,Abandoned By Dasaratha?

She was born on 12th March,4449 BC.

He quotes Valmiki Ramayana ,Canto 9 (?),Sloka 12?

I am unable to find the reference.


I came across an article in a respected site that Shanta,Lord Rama’s Elder sister,Dasaratha’s daughter through Kausalya Rama’s Mother) was abandoned by Dasaratha and hence Kausalya was miffed with him.

The article seems to have been influenced by A popular TV Serial.

Here are the excerpts.

The Mystery of Shanta- Lord Rama’s sister

Of the two legendary Indian mythologies, Ramayan enjoys a priestly following amid Hindu community. Surrounded by some startling facts including that it is written by once a dacoit-turned-sage Valmiki, and written partly on the basis of what Sita explained to him, it makes Ramayan ev

en more mystifying.

Shanta in Ramayan

There have been quite a few instances when not every part of story of this epic mythology was put forth for the audience to see, sometimes certain characters were kept in low limelight to highlight the importance of others. Like that of Shanta, King Dashrath’s first born; even the narration around her birth and abandonment were kept low, until only recently a popular TV show hinted to unfold a mysterious character in epic Ramayan.

 King Dashratha and Queen Kausalya were blessed by their first born, a daughter, who they named Shanta. She was the epitome of poise, peace and harmony. She grew up to be a beautiful princess with qualities of a warrior. But, King Dashrath longed for a son, to continue his reign.

 

Dasharatha’s wives- Kausalya, Sumitra and Kaikeyi

He married Sumitra and Kaikeyi with an intention to bear a son, a ruling prince for Ayodhya. But, years went by and Ayodhya never received good news of their awaiting wish to see a prince.

Rishi Vibhandak and Urvashi

With guilt abiding within him, King Dashrath visited Sage Vashishta to seek an answer to his miseries. Vashishta told him about Sage Vibhandak, whose strict penance to achieve great power scared Lord Indra. Thus, he ordered a celestial paramour Urvashi to intervene his yogic activity.

Rishi Rishyasringa

As a result of which Sage Vibhandak got distracted, and his alliance with Urvashi bore him a son Sage Rishyasringa. Vibhandak pledged to raise his son alone in an isolated society, with no mention of womenfolk or even their existence.

 King Dashratha was informed that if only a woman with great power could manage to bring Rishyasringa into a family world, then the Putrakameshti Yagya performed by him could bear the former sons.

 

Marriage of Shanta and Rishi Rishyasringa

Dashratha, out of desperation and helplessness abandoned his daughter Shanta and asked her to bring Sage Rishyasringa. She followed her father’s order and, despite Queen Kausalya’s plea to stay back, Shanta gave up princely life and went to live with Rishyasringa.

   https://www.speakingtree.in/allslides/why-king-dashrath-abandoned-his-daughter-and-lord-ramas-sister-shanta/369981

Sage Rishyasrunga,at the request of Dasaratha performed the Putrakameshti Yaaga to beget sons and Dasaratha was blessed with four sons,Ramayana,Bharathanatiyam,Lakshmana and Shatrugna.

Valmiki Ramayana is the authority for Ramayana.

Here is what Valmiki Ramayana says,

‘ ikSvaakuuNaa.m kule jaato bhaviSyati sudhaarmikaH |

naamnaa dasharatho naama shriimaan satyapratishravaH || 1-11-2

2. ikshwaaknaam= in Ikshwaku; kule+jaato= dynasty, born in; su+dhaarmikah= very virtuous one; naamna= by his name; Dasaratha; naama= named; shreemaan= resplendent one; satyapratisravah= truthful to his vow.

” A king named Dasaratha will be born into Ikshwaku dynasty who will be very virtuous, resplendent and truthful to his vow.” [said Sanat Kumara, the Sage] [1-11-2]

 a~nga raajena sakhyam ca tasya raaj~no bhaviSyati |

kanyaa ca asya mahaabhaagaa shaa.ntaa naama bhaviSyati || 1-11-3

3. angaraajena= with the king of Anga; sakhyam= friendship; tasya+raajno= to that, king [to Dasaratha]; bhavishyati= will happen; kanyaa=daughter; cha+asya= also of him [King of Anga]; mahaabhaagaa= great women; Shanta; naama= named one; bhavishyati= will born.

” King Dasaratha will befriend the king of Anga and he, the King of Anga will beget a great girl named Shanta. [1-11-3]

 putrastu so~Ngaraajasya romapaada iti shrutaH |

tam sa raajaa dasharatho gamiSyati mahaayashaaH || 1-11-4

4. putrastu= son of; sah= him [ Anga, the king of Anga]; Romapaada; iti+shrutah= thus heard; tam= to him; sah+raajaa= that king; Dasaratha; gamishyati= goes; mahaayashah= the well renowned.

The son of King Anga [the original king of Anga kingdom after whom the kingdom is named] will be known as King Romapaada and to him goes the well renowned King Dasaratha. [1-11-4]

 anapatyo.asmi dharmaatman shaa.ntaa bhartaa mama kratum |

aahareta tvayaa aaj~naptaH santaanaartham kulasya ca || 1-11-5

5. anapatyah= childless; asmi= I am; dharmaatman= Oh! Righteous One; Shaantaa+bhartaa= Shanta’s husband; mama+kratum= my, Vedic ritual; aahareta= shall preside over; twaya= by you; aajсpta= be instructed; santaanaartham= cherishing children; kulasya+cha= for dynasty also.

[Then King Dasaratha says to King of Anga] “Oh! Righteous One, I am childless and hence I intend to perform a Vedic ritual. Shantaa’s husband [Sage Rishyasringa] shall preside over that Vedic ritual that enhances my dynasty, at your instruction. [1-11-5]

 shrutvaa raaj~no.atha tat vaakyam manasaa sa vici.ntya ca |

pradaasyate putravantam shaa.ntaa bhartaaram aatmavaan || 1-11-6

6. shrutvaa= having heard; rдjnah= King’s, Dasaratha’s; tad+vaakyam= those words; manasaa= heartily; vichintya= considered; cha= also; pradaasyate= will give, will allow; putravantam= one who endows children by his boons; Shaanta+bhartaaram= Shanta’s husband; aatmavaan= that benevolent soul.

” That benevolent soul, [Romapaada, the king of Anga] on hearing those words of King Dasaratha, considers heartily and he gives away [will allow] Shanta’s husband, [i.e., his son-in-law, Sage Rishyasringa] one who endows progeny with his boons [to go along with King Dasaratha.] [1-11-6]

 shaa.ntaa tava sutaa raajan saha bhartraa vishaam pate |

madiiya nagaram yaatu kaaryam hi mahadudyatam || 1-11-19

19. shaantaa= Princess Shantaa; tava+sutaa= your, daughter; raajan= Oh! King; saha= along with; bhartraa= her husband; vishaampte= Lord of subjects; madeeya= my own; nagaram= city; yaatu= may go over; kaaryam= a deed, the ritual; hi= verily[because]; mahat= great one; udyatam= is contemplated[by me].

” Oh! King, the Lord of Subjects, Princess Shaanta your daughter, along with her husband Sage Rishyasringa may go over my city Ayodhya, as I contemplate [to perform] a great Vedic ritual, which is great deed. ” [Said Dasaratha] [1-11-19]

 Reference and citation.

 http://www.valmikiramayan.net/bala/balaitrans11.htm

There no evidence that Shanta was Dasaratha’s Daughter,according to Valmiki.

However, Sri.B.G.Kanuja,in his book Immortal Love of Ramayana, writes that Shanta was Dasaratha’s Daughter and was given in adoption to Romapada.

She was born on 12th March,4449 BC.

He quotes Valmiki Ramayana ,Canto 9 (?),Sloka 12?

I am unable to find the reference.

Scholars may clarify.

And there is no evidence Dasaratha abandoned her.

 

https://books.google.co.in/books?id=zHgW9SezCqoC

 

“> https://books.google.co.in/books?id=zHgW9SezCqoC&lpg=PA48&dq=shanta%2Cramayan&pg=PA48&output=embed

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Croatia From Sanatana Dharma,Dasaratha,Saraswathi ? Mittani Kings List

Croatia and Croat is no exception.

Dasaratha,father of Rama is mentioned in Mittani Kings List.

Mittanis were the forefathers of Croatia.

Croat language and culture is rooted in Sanskrit and Goddess Sarasvathi.


One would like check the information one comes across while studying,

The History of the world,

Ancient civilizations,

World languages,

World cultures,

World Regious texts,

Folk lore,

Legends,

Archeological sites and

Santana Dharma of India.

While studying older/est Languages like Sanskrit and Tamil(my knowledge is limited to these two), I have been able to find and validate that, Sanatana Dharma was present/influenced,

Countries,

Burma,Sri Lanka,Singapore,Indonesia,Malaysia,Vietnam,Cambodia,Korea,Laos,Japan,Philippines,Newzealand and Australia towards the east of India, and

To the West of India,

Arabian peninsula,

Turkey,

Greek,

Middle East,

Europe,

And

Continents of Africa,Americas.

Mittani,Aztec,Mayans,Incas civilizations trace back to Sanatana Dharma,Sanskrit And Tamil.

I have written on articles on each of these countries mentioned above.

Focussing on Europe,the settlements began in this area when Great Flood struck what is now Asia and migration to Europe took place.

One finds Sanatana Sharma presence in all the countries in Europe.

Croatia and Croat is no exception.

Dasaratha,father of Rama is mentioned in Mittani Kings List.

Mittanis were the forefathers of Croatia.

Croat language and culture is rooted in Sanskrit and Goddess Sarasvathi.

I am providing excerpts from an article.

I have provided the Link towards the close of this article.

Goddess Sarasvathi.Image.
Goddess Saraswathi,Goddess of Learning,Knowledge,Wisdom.Hindu Deity.

For most of the Croatian people (or as they call themselves, Hrvati) when it comes to defining their origins and tracing their ancient roots they turn towards the land of Iran and Persia. According to academia the name Hrvat comes from Hrovat which comes from the Slavic  Horvat which originates from the Indo/Slavic Harvat and which is ultimately traced to Persia and the name Harahvaiti.

Harahvaiti however, is the corrupted name of Sarasvati, the great Vedic Goddess, the Mother of Sanskrit, the great river of the Rig Veda and the Goddess of learning. The Persians had a tendency to replace a Sanskrit ‘S’ with a Persian ‘H’, and so the word Haravaiti is actually Sarasvati.

This tendency can be seen in their word for ‘week’, hapta, which is in the Sanskrit sapta meaning week. Their name for the ‘Sun’,Hvar, is the Sanskrit Svar meaning the same. In the Avestan we find the seven rivers of the Aryan land are described as  hapta hendu, an obvious corruption of sapta sindhu, the seven rivers of India. Finally there are the rivers of Iran, Haravaiti and Harayu which are the Vedic rivers of Sarasvati and Sarayu. And so if the name of Croat (Hrvat) comes from  Harvat and this in turn comes from Harahvaiti, we must conclude that the source is Sarasvati.

Sarasvati is one of many words which are cognate with the Croatian language.

Med is a Croatian word meaning honey and this comes from the Sanskrit Madhu, a name for Krsna. The Russian Medvedev and the Croatian  Medvjed both mean ‘honey eater’ a name for the bear and they both come from the Sanskrit Madhava, a name for Krsna which means ‘he who intoxicates like honey’. Below are some of the many similarities which are shared between the Sanskrit and Croatian language.

Sanskrit Croatian English
Kada Kada When
Phena Pjena Froth
Tamas Tama Dark
Da Dar Gift
Kuta Kuća House
Sabha Soba Room
Tada Tada Then
Dadati Dan/Dati Give
Matr Mater Mother
Tata Tata Father
Jiva Živ/Živa Alive
Krs Krš Ruin

According to academia, the oldest recorded name Harvat, was found in the Mittani/Hurrian documents spoken by King Tusratta some 3500 years ago. In the documents he refers to his Kingdom as Huravat Ehillaku.

We should note, however, that the King who spoke this 3,500 year old inscription was a Vedic/Hindu King, Tusratta being a corruption of  Dasarathadasa being Sanskrit for ‘ten’ and ratha Sanskrit for ‘chariot’.

King Dasaratha, according to academia, was one of many Vedic Kings who ruled the Kingdom of Mittani. The chronology of these Mittani Kings are as follows: Kirta – Suttarna – Baratarna – Parsatatar – Saustatar – Rtadharma – Suttarna II – Artashumara – Dasaratha – Mativasa – Sattuara – Vashasatta – Sattuara II.

These names are all Sanskrit/Vedic. Suttarna is Sanskrit for ‘good son’; Dasaratha is Sanskrit for ‘ten chariots’; Parsatatar is a variation of Sanskrit Parasu, ‘he who rules with the axe’; Mativasa is Sanskrit for ‘the abode of prayer’; Ritadharma is Sanskrit for ‘the law of dharma’ and Artashumarais Sanskrit for ‘the winds of righteousness’.

It is an academic fact that the Kingdom of Mittani was ruled by Vedic Kings. Here we note that the capital of Mittani was called Vasukhani.  Vasu being Sanskrit for ‘wealth’ and Khani means ‘mine’ – ‘a mine of wealth’. So if the roots of Croatian civilization are intimately connected with Iran and Persia, and in particular Mittani and the Hittites, one should take into consideration the Vedic influence behind it all.

The Croatian name for God is Bog which once again comes from the Sanskrit Bhaga, meaning Bhagavan, ‘the supreme Lord’. We see a nice example of this in the capital of Iraq, Bhagdad, Bhagbeing the Sanskrit Bhaga and dad coming from the Sanskrit  dadati meaning ‘gift’ – ‘the gift of God’. Below are more similarities between the Sanskrit and Croatian languages.

Sanskrit Croatian English
Niska Niska Beads
Znata Poznata/Poznati Know
Kesa Kosa Hair
Zara Žar Fervid
Loka Luka Province
Pluta Pluta Floats
Mus Miš Mouse
Gir Gor/Gora Mountain
Bhavati Bivati Exist
Zvana Zvana Called
Griva Griva Mane

Block Quote and citation.

http://www.vina.cc/2016/08/18/sanskrit-in-croatia-from-sarasvati-to-hrvati/

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Christmas Celebrated 2000 Years Before Christ,Mitraic Deity,Sanatana Dharma

In the Julian calendar the twenty-fifth of December was reckoned the winter solstice, and it was regarded as the Nativity [birthday] of the Sun, because the day begins to lengthen and the power of the sun to increase from that turning-point of the year. The ritual of the nativity, as it appears to have been celebrated in Syria and Egypt, was remarkable. 


Mitrra and Varuna, the Vedic Deities were worshiped in Mesapotamia, Turkey and Italy much before the advent of Christianity.
These Deities are mentioned in the Zend Avestha of Parsis,Iran fron where this has traveled to Europe.
The Pagan Worship ,preceding Christianity had Mitra Varuna included.

Mitra,Surya.Image.
Mitra,another name for Surya.

‘The origin of the cult of Mithra dates from the time that the Hindus and Persians still formed one people, for the god Mithra occurs in the religion and the sacred books of both races, i.e. in the Vedas and in the Avesta. In Vedic hymns he is frequently mentioned and is nearly always coupled with Varuna, but beyond the bare occurrence of his name, little is known of him (Rigveda, III, 59). It is conjectured (Oldenberg, “Die “Religion des Veda,” Berlin, 1894) that Mithra was the rising sun, Varuna the setting sun; or, Mithra, the sky at daytime, Varuna, the sky at night; or, the one the sun, the other the moon. In any case Mithra is a light or solar deity of some sort; but in vedic times the vague and general mention of him seems to indicate that his name was little more than a memory. In the Avesta he is much more of a living and ruling deity than in Indian piety; nevertheless, he is not only secondary to Ahura Mazda, but he does not belong to the seven Amshaspands or personified virtues which immediately surround Ahura; he is but a Yazad, a popular demigod or genius. The Avesta however gives us his position only after the Zoroastrian reformation; the inscriptions of the Achaemenidae (seventh to fourth century B.C.) assign him a much higher place, naming him immediately after Ahura Mazda and associating him with the goddess Anaitis (Anahata), whose name sometimes precedes his own. Mithra is the god of light, Anaitis the goddess of water. Independently of the Zoroastrian reform, Mithra retained his place as foremost deity in the northwest of the Iranian highlands. After the conquest of Babylon this Persian cult came into contact with Chaldean astrology and with the national worship of Marduk. For a time the two priesthoods of Mithra and Marduk (magi and chaldaei respectively) coexisted in the capital and Mithraism borrowed much from this intercourse. This modified Mithraism traveled farther northwestward and became the State cult of Armenia. Its rulers, anxious to claim descent from the glorious kings of the past, adopted Mithradates as their royal name (so five kings of Georgia, and Eupator of the Bosporus). Mithraism then entered Asia Minor, especially Pontus and Cappadocia. Here it came into contact with the Phrygian cult of Attis and Cybele from which it adopted a number of ideas and practices, though apparently not the gross obscenities of the Phrygian worship. un worship in Mesapotamia,Mittani Empire and Rome was from the Mitra Varuna of the Vedas.


‘Mithra is the god of light, Anaitis the goddess of water. Independently of the Zoroastrian reform, Mithra retained his place as foremost deity in the northwest of the Iranian highlands. After the conquest of Babylon this Persian cult came into contact with Chaldean astrology and with the national worship of Marduk. For a time the two priesthoods of Mithra and Marduk (magi and chaldaei respectively) coexisted in the capital and Mithraism borrowed much from this intercourse. This modified Mithraism traveled farther northwestward and became the State cult of Armenia. Its rulers, anxious to claim descent from the glorious kings of the past, adopted Mithradates as their royal name (so five kings of Georgia, and Eupator of the Bosporus). Mithraism then entered Asia Minor, especially Pontus and Cappadocia. Here it came into contact with the Phrygian cult of Attis and Cybele from which it adopted a number of ideas and practices, though apparently not the gross obscenities of the Phrygian worship.

(https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2017/04/20/surya-sun-god-mitra-worshipped-ancient-rome-pope-baptised-with-varuna/

Check these Links.

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2017/04/22/mitrasurya-worshipped-pre-roman-greeceiran-rig-vedic-king-suda/https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2017/04/22/mitrasurya-worshipped-pre-roman-greeceiran-rig-vedic-king-suda/

 

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2017/03/01/turkey-sun-god-mitra-shiva-kingdom/

For more articles please Google Mitra ramanan50

(During the Early days Ramani’s blog, I was writing about other Religions like Christianity and Islam, pointing out contradictions in them, lack of historical proof on many aspects. Then I stopped writing on them as it was not worth the time and effort. Instead I concentrated on the presence of Sanatana Dharma, Validation of the same, validating ancient Indian advanced scientific concepts.)

Now there is information from a Christian’s site that Christmas was celebrated two thousand years before Christ.

Here is the information.

Christmas.image
Christmas.

Christmas Before Christ

The Surprising Truth!
If you discovered that Christmas had nothing to do with Jesus Christ’s birth and actually predates that event by centuries, would you still celebrate the holiday? And if you realized that the Bible reveals Holy Days commanded by God, would you celebrate them instead?
Years later I learned that Christmas actually predated Christianity by about 2,000 years. Many ancient nations created their own midwinter festivals and celebrations—which later morphed into Christmas—to honor the sun and other gods around the time of the winter solstice. I also learned that the origins of Christmas contradict true Christianity.
Christmas contradicts the biblical facts

It’s commonly assumed that Christmas is celebrated because it’s the birthday of Jesus Christ. But biblical scholars overwhelmingly admit that Jesus was born nowhere near Dec. 25. There are sound reasons for this conclusion. Luke’s Gospel tells us that Joseph and Mary were traveling to Bethlehem to register during a Roman census when Jesus was born, and also that shepherds still had their flocks out in the open fields at that time (Luke 2:1-8).
Jesus neither observed Christmas nor taught others to observe it. It did not originate with Him.
But the Holy Land in December is cold, rainy and sometimes snowy. No sound-minded shepherd would have been so foolhardy as to leave his flock in the fields at night at that time of year. And no intelligent ruler would compel people to travel many miles to register for a census when the likelihood of bad weather would have made such an effort self-defeating.
Why should we believe that Jesus was born on Dec. 25 when the Bible itself plainly contradicts this notion?
The birth of Christmas

So if Christmas didn’t originate with Christ’s birth being on Dec. 25, when and how did it originate?
Christmas began long before the birth of Jesus Christ. Alexander Hislop’s book The Two Babylons explores many historical sources showing that the holiday precedes Christ by at least 2,000 years, as earlier mentioned (1957, pp. 97-98).
A nativity celebration for pagan gods was observed near the winter solstice in both Syria and Egypt. Later, some 400 years before Christ, the Mithraic religion, centering on the Persian sun god Mithras, provided the foundation for the Christmas celebration. Mithraism became very popular in the Roman Empire, and many elements of its worship survive today in Roman Catholicism.
For example, the noted British anthropologist, historian and scholar Sir James Frazer, knighted for his contributions to our understanding of ancient religions, wrote in his book The Golden Bough:
“There can be no doubt that the Mithraic religion proved a formidable rival to Christianity, combining as it did a solemn ritual with aspirations after moral purity and a hope of immortality. Indeed the issue of the conflict between the two faiths appears for a time to have hung in the balance. An instructive relic of the long struggle is preserved in our festival of Christmas, which the Church seems to have borrowed directly from its heathen rival .
“In the Julian calendar the twenty-fifth of December was reckoned the winter solstice, and it was regarded as the Nativity [birthday] of the Sun, because the day begins to lengthen and the power of the sun to increase from that turning-point of the year. The ritual of the nativity, as it appears to have been celebrated in Syria and Egypt, was remarkable. The celebrants retired into certain inner shrines, from which at midnight they issued with a loud cry, ‘The Virgin has brought forth! The light is waxing [stronger]!’
“The Egyptians even represented the new-born sun by the image of an infant which on his birthday, the winter solstice, they brought forth and exhibited to his worshippers. No doubt the Virgin who thus conceived and bore a son on the twenty-fifth of December was the great Oriental [i.e., Middle Eastern] goddess whom the Semites called the Heavenly Virgin or simply the Heavenly Goddess; in Semitic lands she was a form of Astarte [Easter]” (The Golden Bough, 1993, p. 358, emphasis added throughout) .

Reference and Citation.

https://www.ucg.org/the-good-news/christmas-before-christ-the-surprising-truth

Featured

Human History To be Rewritten Six Pre Historic Mu Lemuria Rama Atlantis Uyghur Hyperborean

And there is ample evidence to prove the existence of UFOs,UMOs(unidentified marine objects,classified data released by the then USSR.

On UFOs,the released classified filed from the US are voluminous,including the testimony of Apollo Astronaut.

Then there is Area B51 in the US which is a secret location and A BBC crew was arrested for trying to enter the area.

There are proven UFO sightings.

I have written on these,under UFO,Astrophysics.

And there is this instance of US troops disappearing in Afghanisthan,while investigating the remains of an ancient Vimana,Aircraft.

There is a tunnel from Mount Kailash to Iraq,through Romania.

Three stone platforms were found,in one ,one can find his life flashing by,in another the sky map appears.

Nobody is able to understand the Third Table.

Then we have Anamolies,

Human history,


The period belonging to recorded history seems to a revisit.

This is because of new archeological findings that predate recorded history and one finds a lot of anomalies in regard to our advancements in almost every field.

Things that were there during that period should not be there ,going by our recorded history.

The Wheel was used during the Period of Ramayana,Mahabharatha and even much earlier according to Indian texts.

Chariots were used.

Advanced concepts in Physics,Chmistry,Biology,Astronomy,Quantum Theory are found in Indians texts,along with Atomic theory and  theories in almost all disciplines and practical applications of theories in building Aircrafts,Radar,Space Suits,diet for Astronauts.

I have written on each of these.

And there is ample evidence to prove the existence of UFOs,UMOs(unidentified marine objects,classified data released by the then USSR.

On UFOs,the released classified filed from the US are voluminous,including the testimony of Apollo Astronaut.

Then there is Area B51 in the US which is a secret location and A BBC crew was arrested for trying to enter the area.

There are proven UFO sightings.

I have written on these,under UFO,Astrophysics.

And there is this instance of US troops disappearing in Afghanisthan,while investigating the remains of an ancient Vimana,Aircraft.

There is a tunnel from Mount Kailash to Iraq,through Romania.

Three stone platforms were found,in one ,one can find his life flashing by,in another the sky map appears.

Nobody is able to understand the Third Table.

Then we have Anamolies,

Human history,

Science Anamoloies,

Artifacts,

Time travel anomalies,

I shall be writing on each of these in detail.

I shall be examining the Civilizations of the world of prehistoric times.

Civilizations do not develop overnight.

They take thousands of years.

The same with languages//literature.

And when we speak of ancient times,We should remember that the landmass then was different from what it is today.

There were Super Continents,Rodina,Pangea,Lemuria ,Atlantis.

The effort to discredit Atlantis and Lemuria has come to nought,with archeological and geological evidences surfacing and with advanced dating tools like infra red dating and Plate tectonics studies.

We also must remember that Ocean floor is not explored even by ten percent!

Amazon is explored only by 10 percent.

We can not understand how marine beings could live under the oceans,miles deep,with water pressure crushing everything.

As to Stars,We are yet to understand the Magnitude of the Universe.

The known Universe is of Matter made of Atoms in the conventional sense.

That is Electron with negative charge,proton with positive charge and neutron,neutral.

Now we find that there is anti matter,which has these three with Electron with positive charge,Proton with Negative charge and Netron,Neutral.

Then we have Quantum Theory.

An atom is present in more than one place at the same time.

Your perception of an object,atom,changes it,and it also changes your perception of it.

Atoms communicate with each other at long distances.

Very scarce information is available on Magnetism,Gravity and Time.

Such bein the real case our knowledge is very limited and we should not abrogate ourselves into believing what we know now is the truth or facts.

Considering these points,one must be prepared to look for additional sources of Knowledge,including Intuition,theories of Interstellar visit of Aliens,Aliens manipulating our DNA.

And we should also examine the  circumstances leading to the Great Flood mentioned in all mythologies and almost all legends.

Unless we can disprove them,they are data to be verified.

What has been dismissed as legend, myth is proved to be fact.

For example,Ramayana,Mahabharata,Krishna,Dwaraka,Madurai,Poompuhar,Tamil Sandals..

I shall be attempting to understand these issues in forthcoming articles by verifying all these thoughts with the help of modern technics and wherever it is called for with Intution and from Authentic sources where most facts are verifiable except some areas,which may be due to our limitations in understanding.

To begin with I will start with the first prehistoric civilizations.

Uyghur,

Lemuria,

MU,

Rama Empire ,

Atlantis and

Hyperborean.

Featured image credit. BBC.

Featured

Lord Rama Ruled Iraq Mesapotamia For Sixty Years Ram Sin

Santana Dharma was prevailing throughout the world,even before Lord Rama established his empire.

His ancestor Dilemma ruled the world as also Sahara,after whom the ocean was named as Sagar.

I am researching on Dileepa and Shall write.

Please read my articles on the presence of Sanatana Dharma in,


As my readers are aware Ramani’s blog is about exploring the presence of Sanatana Dharma, Hinduism, around the world validating facts mentioned in the Ithihasas, Ramayana and Mahabharata, the Eighteen Puranas, Advanced science concepts found in the Vedas and the references in  Tamil on all these.

Ramayana,Hanuman Carving ,Iraq,Silemania.image
Ramayana,Hanuman Carving in Iraq,Silemania

In the course of nine years, Ramani’s blog has established all these facts with the help of Carbon Dating, Infrared dating, Plate tectonics, Archeoanthropology, Anthropology, Archeology, Astronomy and references found in foreign literature.

Of these on Mesapotamia, Sumeria, I have written about the link between Sanatana Dharma/Hinduism and Mesopotamia,Assyria and Sumeria.
I am mentioning only these because it is relevant to this article.

Santana Dharma was prevailing throughout the world,even before Lord Rama established his empire.

His ancestor Dileepa ruled the world as also Sagara,after whom the ocean was named as Sagar.

I am researching on Dileepa and Shall write.

Please read my articles on the presence of Sanatana Dharma in,

Australia,

New zealand,

Vietnam,

Laos,

Cambodia,

Korea,

Japan,

Philippines,

Indonesia,

Bali,

Fiji,

Thailand,

Singapore,

Sri Lanka,

Myanmar,

Iran,

Iraq,

Turkey,

Saudi Arabia,

Jordan,

Europe,

Africa,

North and South America,

Caribbean…..

Hinduism was present in Mesopotamia.

Lord Rama is mentioned in the Kings List of Sumerian,along with Dasaratha and Bharatha.

People of middle east followed the marriage vow Sapthapathi of Sanatana Sharma.

Lord Subrahmanya tribe is found in Iraq.(Peacock Tribe)

Lord Rama’s Chapel is in Iraq.

Gobekli Tepe Temple in Turkey was built by Brahmins.

Lord Narasimha,an Avatar of Vishnu was called Naram Sin.

Carvings of Rama and Hanuman are found in Silemania.

Rama was known as Ram Sin.

He ruled for sixty years.

The Cambridge Ancient History[xvi][iii] which is usually not considered as a sourcebook for Indian history by writers like Romila Thapar contains priceless information relevant to Indian ancient history. In the highly authentic Sumerian king list appears such hallowed names as Bharat (Warad) Sin and Ram Sin. As Sin was the Moon god Chandra Ram Sin can be seen to be same as Rama Chandra. Bharat Sin ruled for 12 years (1834-1822 BC), exactly as stated in the Dasaratha Jataka. The Jataka statement, “Years sixty times hundred, and ten thousand more, all told, / Reigned strong-armed Rama”, only means that Rama reigned for sixty years which agrees exactly with the data of Assyriologists. Ram Sin was the longest reigning monarch of Mesopotamia who ruled for 60 years. The mention of the father in the inscriptions of both Warad Sin and Ram Sin is noteworthy and may point to a palace intrigue. Joan Oates is not aware of the Ramayana but writes with great insight (p. 61) that Warad sin was manoeuvred to the throne by his father. In Mesopotamia, a prince normally became king only after the death of his father. Lakshmana, mentioned the Bible as Lakhamar, ruled as a great king.

Reference and citation.

 

http://www.vina.cc/2015/09/28/6000-year-old-lord-rama-and-hanuman-carvings-in-silemania-iraq/?osm=1

 

Will be writing the presence of Ramayana,Sanatana Dharma in Mesopotamia by studying the tribes in the middle east.

Featured

Real Story of Padmavathi,Alauddin Khilji and Chittorgarh

The tragedy of Indian History being taught in India is that while fictitious accounts like Jayasi’s poem ,concocted story of Alexander’s victory over Porus,depiction of Ambi,a descendent of Shakuni (Mahabharat) ,as a turn coat,authentic historical accounts of India from Indian texts,Puranas,Ramayana,Mahabharatha and Kalhana’s Raja Tharangini ,to quote a few are dismissed as mythology,legends not backed by evidence.


The tragedy of Indian History being taught in India is that while fictitious accounts like Jayasi’s poem ,concocted story of Alexander’s victory over Porus,depiction of Ambi,a descendent of Shakuni (Mahabharat) ,as a turn coat,authentic historical accounts of India from Indian texts,Puranas,Ramayana,Mahabharatha and Kalhana’s Raja Tharangini ,to quote a few are dismissed as mythology,legends not backed by evidence.

Unfortunately for them,the events stated in these texts have been verified with tools like Archeology,Astronomy,Plate tectonics,infrared dating ,Carbon dating,Etymology,Comparative Linguistics and Numismatics.

I have,with the help of these tools and sources from India and abroad from various languages and Cultures,been able to prove that what is mentioned in the Puranas,Tamil Classics,Ramayana and Mahabharatha to be accurate.

No other religious text stands the vigorous texts of India.

I have traced the history of India,that is east,south,central and far east and other continents till the advent of .

the,Nandas.

I intended pursuing further from the Narmada,Godavari,Kaveri and Vaigai river civilizations.

I was stuck with some other research and did not continue.

Now,though it is not in the sequential order,I verified the facts about Malikkafur,Alauddin Khilji and,Rani Padmini as there is controversy over the film Padmavathi and the film is stated to contain information contrary to facts.

 

Myth of Aurangazeb,Tippy Sultan,Shahjehan Mumtaz Love story and Tajmahal,I have written about.

I have found authentic material on Alauddin Khilji and,Rani Padmavathi of Chittorgarh and these are provided below.

Readers may draw their own conclusions.

 

In 1303 Allauddin khilji, Sultan of Delhi, intrigued by tales of the matchless beauty of Padmini, Rani of Chittor, of her wit and charm, decided to verify this himself. His armies surrounded Chittor, and the sultan sent a message to Rana Rattan Singh, Padmini’s husband, to say that he would spare the city if he could meet its famous queen. The compromise finally reached was that the sultan could look upon Padmini’s reflection if he came unarmed into the fort. Accordingly, the sultan went up the hill and glimpsed a reflection of the beautiful Padmini standing by a lotus pool. He thanked his host who courteously escorted Allauddin down to the outer gate-where the sultan’s men waited in ambush to take the rana hostage.

There was consternation in Chittor until Padmini devised a plan. A messenger informed the sultan that the rani would come to him. Dozens of curtained palanquins set off down the hill, each carried by six humble bearers. Once inside the Sultan’s camp, four well-armed Rajput warriors leaped out of each palanquin and each lowly palanquin bearer drew a sword.In the ensuing battle, Rana Rattan Singh was rescued-but 7,000 Rajput warriors died. The sultan now attacked Chittor with renewed vigor. Having lost 7,000 of its best warriors, Chittor could not hold out. Surrender was unthinkable. The rani and her entire entourage of women, the wives of generals and soldiers, sent their children into hiding with loyal retainers. They then dressed their wedding fine , slid their farewells, and singing ancient hymns, boldly entered the mahal and performed jauhar.

The men, watching with expressionless faces, then donned saffron robes, smeared the holy ashes of their women on their foreheads, flung open the gates of the fort and thundered down the hill into the enemy ranks, to fight to the death’.

Following link is from Google Scholar from which the above material is quoted.

http://www.chittorgarh.com/chittorgarh_history.asp

Following is from https://swarajyamag.com/culture/rani-padmini-and-alauddin-khilji-separating-fact-from-fiction

The popular story says that when Khilji attacked Chittor, he fell for Padmini on seeing her reflection in the mirror. This story was woven by a well-known Indian poet, Malik Muhammad Jayasi, in 1540 AD, and finds echo in Jawaharlal Nehru’s Discovery of India as well.

Jayasi’s poem about Padmini and Khilji, however, is not accurate. Historians have, in fact, come up with possible scenarios for what could have actually happened.

According to Jayasi’s poem Padmavat, Rani Padmavati of Chittor was the wife of Raja Ratansen (a name invented by Jayasi with no reference in Mewar history) of Chittor during the reign of Allauddin Khilji. The correct name of Chittor’s then ruler was Rawal Ratan Singh, the thirty-fourth descendant of Bappa Rawal.

What Jayasi’s poem says

There were many talented artists in the court of Ratansen, one of whom was a musician named Raghava Chetan. He was a sorcerer who used his magical powers to target rivals. Once, he was caught red-handed while trying to invoke evil spirits, after which Ratansen banished Raghava from the kingdom after blackening his face. Raghava ran away to Delhi and decided to take revenge by provoking Khilji to attack Chittor.

Raghava knew of a forest near Delhi where Khilji went hunting. One day, he played his flute while Khilji was out hunting. The alluring notes emanating from his flute attracted the attention of Khilji, who then asked his soldiers to fetch the flute player. Thus, Raghava was taken to Khilji’s court.

After reaching Delhi, Raghava told Khilji about the unparalleled beauty of Rani Padmini. That prompted Khilji to attack Chittor, but he found the fort to be heavily defended. So he laid siege to the fort and forced Ratansen to negotiate with him.

Desperate to capture the beautiful Padmini, Khilji sent a word to Ratansen about him wanting to meet her. The Raja asked Padmini, who flatly refused. However, on being persuaded by her beleaguered husband, Rani Padmini agreed to let Khilji see her in the mirror.

……….Next, Khilji entered the fort with a group of select warriors who had observed the fort’s defences on their way to the palace. On seeing Padmini in the mirror, Khilji decided that she must be his.

..

While returning to his camp, Khilji deceitfully kidnapped Ratansen and took him as prisoner. Thereafter, he informed the Rajput Sardars that Padmini should be handed over to him if they wanted to see their king alive.

The Rajput generals, led by two gutsy warriors, Gora and Badal, who were related to Padmini, decided to beat Khilji at his game. They sent out a word that Padmini would be handed over the next morning.

At the crack of dawn, 150 palanquins (in which royal ladies were carried in medieval times) left the fort and made their way to Khilji’s camp. The palanquins stopped before a tent where King Ratansen was held prisoner. To his surprise, armed Rajputs jumped out from the palanquins, freed Ratansen and galloped away to Chittor, riding the horses grabbed from Khilji’s stable.

Khilji was furious. He ordered the army to storm Chittorgarh. However, the army could not break into the fort. Due to a prolonged siege, food supplies for the troops were running out. So Ratansen opened the fort gates, and Rajputs rode out to fight. They were overpowered, and achieved martyrdom. Rani Padmini and wives of thousands of warriors preferred jauhar (fire is lit, and women jump into the flames) over losing their honour to Khilji’s army……

..When Khilji entered the fort, all that he found were ashes of these brave women. Their sacrifice has been kept alive by Bards in their songs, where they praise women who preferred supreme sacrifice to dishonour.

When this author visited Chittorgarh Fort in 2008 and asked the guide about the veracity of the mirror story, he said locals did not believe in it.

Having learnt what Jayasi’s poem says, let us now read what the Bhartiya Vidya Bhavan’s book on Indian History says.

In January 1303, Khilji set out on his memorable campaign for the conquest of Chittor. He received strong resistance from the Rajputs under Rana Ratan Singh. The Rajputs offered heroic resistance for about seven months and then, after the women had perished in the flames of jauhar, the fort surrendered on August 26, 1303.

 

Whilst later writers like Abu-l Fazl, Haji-ud-Dabir (note these two authors use Padmini not as a name, but as a woman possessing special attributes) have accepted the story that the sole reason for invasion of Chittor was Khilji’s desire to get possession of Padmini, many modern writers are inclined to reject it altogether. They point out that the episode of Padmini was first mentioned by Malik Jayasi in 1540 A.D. in his poem Padmavat, which is a romantic tale rather than historical work. Further, the later day writers who reproduced the story with varying details, flourished long after the event, but their versions differed from one another on essential points.

Featured

Vagata Hoskote Village of Temples Cholas Karnataka Kings 1035AD

Also a series about the bond between what is presently Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.

Much misinformation has been planted in the minds of people, hiding real history, by falsifying Indian history and dividing the people of India on the basis of Language.

One can find evidence of The Presence of King’s who ruled in the area of present Karnataka in Tamil Nadu and of Tamil Kings in Karnataka.


I shall shortly be beginning a series on Chola Temples in Karnataka and Hoysala Temples in Tamil Nadu.

Also a series about the bond between what is presently Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.

Much misinformation has been planted in the minds of people, hiding real history, by falsifying Indian history and dividing the people of India on the basis of Language.

One can find evidence of The Presence of King’s who ruled in the area of present Karnataka in Tamil Nadu and of Tamil Kings in Karnataka.

Though there were wars among the kings, there is evidence that people of these regions loved amicably together.

The Cholas and Vengi kings were related through intermarriages.

Cholas built temples in Karnataka, and most of them were built around Bangalore.

There is a village of Temples near Hoskote,, which is near Bangalore.

 

VaradarajaTemple,Vagata.image.jpeg
Temple of Varadaraja,Vagata.
Chola Raja Guru,Vagata Idil.image
The Idol of Chola a Raja Guru,Vagata.

 

Saptha Matrikas. image.
Saptha Matrikas,Chowdeswari temple,Vagata.

The Village is Vagata , six Kilometres from Hoskote.

The village has temples built by Cholas, the earliest by Rajendra Chola and Vijayanagar Kings.

The earliest inscription in the temple is dated 10th Century AD, the period of Rajaraja Chola and his son Rajendra Chola.

There are temples for Chandramoukeswara, Varadaraja , Anjaneya and Chowdeswari.

The Chowdeswari temple is A Sapthamatrika Temple.

This village is a Village of Temples, with temples built by Cholas and Kings of Karnataka.

The village is known by other names such as Varadaraja Chaturvedi Mangalam(there is another Chaturvedi Mangalam near Kumbakonam , given away to Brahmins by Chola King).

Some more names are Ogada. Yoga puri,Bhagirathapuri.

Featured

Bangalore Was Vengalur Madivala Chola Inscription

This temple was built by Rajaraja Cholas who built the Thanjavur Big Temple, an architectural marvel, in Tamil Nadu.

The inscription also mentions the name of Bangalore as Vengalur .


Bangalore, now called as Bengaluru, the IT capital of India is older than what many believe it to be.

The common assumption is that it was founded by Kempegowda in the *16th Century.

Chola Inscription Bangalore. Image.
Chola Inscription on the outerwall of Someswara temple at Madivala, Bangalore

It is the name of a village near kodegehalli and was copied by Kempegowda to the city of Bangalore. Bangalore was built on a venue earlier called as Shivanasamudram in the 16th century.(wiki Bangalore Etymology).

Considering the history of India and that of the kings of South India, Cheras, Cholas, Pandy as, Hoysalas , Satavahanas and Gangas, Bangalore should be much older.

And considering Ramayana which states that Rishyasrunga, husband of Rama’s sister lived in Sringeri, Karnataka, this conviction about the antiquity of Karnataka and Kannada the Brahmi script of which is a million year old.

Please read my articles on these.

There are many ancient temples in Bangalore.

The Kadu Malleswaram Temple is about 7000 years old.

Please check my article on this.

Now evidence has surfaced in the Form of Epigraphy in A Temple in Bangalore.

And this is dated around 1297AD.

Not only this.

This temple was built by Rajaraja Cholas who built the Thanjavur Big Temple, an architectural marvel, in Tamil Nadu.

The inscription also mentions the name of Bangalore as Vengalur .

The report.

Bangalore came into existence in 1527 (founded by Kempegowda) but the name is older than the city. One of the earliest and the only known records that talks about Bengaluru is a veeragallu (hero stone) in Begur village — which proves that there existed a place called Bengaluru in the 9th Century.

Members of Inscription Stones of Bangalore, a team of history/heritage researchers, who have done a reality check on the surviving hero stones and inscriptions, stumbled upon the Madivala inscription and dug into the Epigraphia Carnatica to decipher the writing. “The Madivala Someshwara temple outer wall is filled with writings and Vengalur is mentioned at the bottom. It talks about land grants made by the rulers. This temple is just about 6 km from Begur and since there is a mention of Veppur (now Begur) in the inscription, it adds all the more credence to the city’s name. This inscription is also recorded in the Epigraphia Carnatica,’’
says Arun Bharadwaj, a member of the Inscription Stones of Bangalore.

The Epigraphia Carnatica has recorded the inscription as: Someshware temple at Madivala is one of Bangalore’s oldest, dating back to the Chola period. There are a number of Tamil and Grantha inscriptions on the outer walls of the temple. The oldest of these inscriptions dates to 1247 AD that talks about land grants “below the big tank of Vengalur” by a Veppur (modern Begur) resident. Other inscriptions also talk about other land grants including those done during the reigns of Ballala III and Rajendra Chola.

*date quoted in Wikipedia and in Bangalore Mirror article differ. Shall check and update.

Reference and Citation of Text and Image.

Bangalore Mirror updated 14th November 2017

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Agastya Javanese Guru Found in South East Asia

A Kanchipuram Brahmin founded the Vietnam Dynasty and A Korean Queen was married into Ikshvaku dynasty of Rama.

The trbals of Australia perform Shiva’s Trine training dance.

Aborigines of Australia sport Sri Vaishnavas Mark through out their body.


Sage Agastya, a primary discipline of Lord Shiva, and a Co founder of Tamil language is found in South east Asia, in Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, New Zealand, Philippines, Fiji and Australia.

And of course in Sri Lanka.

A curious fact is that he is found more in this region along with Lord Subramanya and Shiva than towards the west of India.

Probably this has something to do with the departure of Subrahmanya towards the Far east to spread Sanatana Dharm, due to a Tsunami in the South, Dravidadesa in ancient times.

At the same time Shiva seems to have moved towards the west of India, along with Ganesa before reaching Arctic, where the Rig Veda was compiled, along with Vasishta. Then he returned to India.

This accounts for the archaeological finds relating to Shiva and Ganesha from Siberia through Russia in the northwest region of India.

A Kanchipuram Brahmin founded the Vietnam Dynasty and a princess from India,reportedly from Ikshvaku Dynasty was married to a Korean Prince

The tribals of Australia perform Shiva’s Trinetra Dance.

Aborigines of Australia sport Sri Vaishnavas Mark through out their body.

This speaks of the spread of Sanatana Dharma in this region.

Agastya is credited with spreading Shaivism in these areas.

He moved to these areas and hence his presence is found in archaeological remains.

Agastya is revered as a Guru in Javanese Language and he is venerated in Javanese Ramayana.

Agastya statues are found in Shiva Temples in Java.

Agastya stands on his lotus pedestal in the southern room of Candi Singosari. The image had been broken into pieces, but most of the pieces were recovered during the early twentieth-century excavations and the sculpture was satisfactorily restored.

Agastya is represented as a corpulent, ageing man with a long beard. He is standing firmly on his feet, his right arm is folded across his chest and in his fist he holds a rosary. His left arm is hanging next to his body. It is now broken off in the middle of the fore arm, but the traces on the back slab suggest that he was holding a water pot, as is often the case in Javanese sculpture. On his left shoulder, one can see a fly-whisk. On his right, carved into the back slab, are the remains of a trident (trishula) standing on a small pedestal, as is also observed on the sculpture of Nandishvara. To the left of the figure, a lotus emerges from the ground, spreading its broad leaves and flowers up to the elbow of the great sage

….. The Old Javanese Ramayana adds an interesting new element to the story: Java became Agastya’s new residence. In Java, Agastya is specifically connected to the spread of Shaivism to Java, hence his overwhelming presence in the Shaiva temples of Java.

Source.

http://singosari.info/en/node/1039

Agastya in South East Asia.

Agastya is one of the most important figures in a number of medieval era Southeast Asian inscriptions, temple reliefs and arts. He was particularly popular in Java Indonesia, till Islamic wars of conquest overwhelmed the islands of Indonesia. He is also found in Cambodia, Vietnam and other regions. The earliest mentions of Agastya is traceable to about the mid 1st millennium CE, but the 11th-century Javanese language text Agastya-parva is a remarkable combination of philosophy, mythology and genealogy attributed to sage Agastya.

The Agastya-parva includes Sanskrit verse (shlokas) embedded within the Javanese language. The text is structured as a conversation between a Guru (teacher, Agastya) and a Sisya(student, Agastya’s son Drdhasyu). The style is a mixture of didactic, philosophical and theological treatise, covering diverse range of topics much like Hindu Puranas. The chapters of the Javanese text include the Indian theory of cyclic existence, rebirth and samsara, creation of the world by the churning of the ocean (samudra manthan), theories of the Samkhya and the Vedanta school of Hindu philosophy, major sections on god Shiva and Shaivism, some discussion of Tantra, a manual like summary of ceremonies associated with the rites of passage and others.

While the similarities between the Agastya-parva text and classical Indian ideas are obvious, according to Jan Gonda, the Indian counterpart of this text in Sanskrit or Tamil languages have not been found in Indonesia or in India.Similarly other Agastya-related Indonesian texts, dated to be from the 10th to 12th centuries, discuss ideas from multiple sub-schools of Shaivism such as theistic Shaivasiddhanta and monistic Agamic Pashupata, and these texts declare these theologies to be of equal merit and value………

Agastya is common in medieval era Shiva temples of southeast Asia, such as the stone temples in Java (candi). Along with the iconography of Shiva, Uma, Nandi and Ganesha who face particular cardinal directions, these temples include sculpture, image or relief of Agastya carved into the southern face.The Shiva shrine in the largest Hindu temple complex in southeast Asia, Prambanan, features four cellae in its interior. This central shrine within Prambanan group of temples dedicates its southern cella to Agastya

The Dinoyo inscription, dated to 760 CE, is primarily dedicated to Agastya. The inscription states that his older wooden image was remade in stone, thereby suggesting that the reverence for Agastya iconography in southeast Asia was prevalent in an older period. In Cambodia, the 9th-century king Indravarman, who is remembered for sponsoring and the building of a large number of historic temples and related artworks, is declared in the texts of this period to be a descendant of sage Agastya.

Reference and Citation.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agastya

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Gurgaon Dronas Village

There are three types of teachers.

Acharya, whose qualifications are listed above.

Upadhyaya,who teaches the relevant portions of the Veda, depending on one’s disposition, Varna.

Guru is one who reaches out to you depending on your passion to realize Self, guides you in a spiritual path suitable to you.


Continue reading “Gurgaon Dronas Village”

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Five Burning Ghat Shiva Temples

Though there are Bhairava Temples in the North indicating Shiva’s association with Burning Ghats and there is the association of Varanasi, Benares with Burning Ghat, there seems to be no clear


I wrote an article on Sri Vanchiyam Siva Temple where a burning ghat is located near the temple.

And this temple is not closed when death occurs in the street where the temple is nor is the temple closed during Eclipses, which is a standard practice in Hindu temples.

I shall be writing a clarification on this in a separate article.

Shiva is His form as Rudra is associated with Death and described as living in Smasanam, Burning ghat.

The ashes of the corpse is smeared by Him all over His body.

The association of Burning ghat with Shiva is more prevalent in South India than North India.

Th

Thirukkadayur Temple.image
Thirukkadayur Temple.

ough there are Bhairava Temples in the North indicating Shiva’s association with Burning Ghats and there is the association of Varanasi, Benares with Burning Ghat, there seems to be no clear classification of such temples in Sanskrit texts as much as in Tamil texts.

Tamil literature abounds in such references.

 

And specific temples are grouped as Smasanam Temples.

There are four such temples in Tamil Nadu.

1.Thiruvattanam,Thirukkadavur,near Mayuram Tamil Nadu.

This town is famous for the temple of Abhirami and அமிர்தகடேஸ்வரர். Amirthakadeswarar.

The smasanam is located slighly away from the temple and many miss it.

And one prays for longevity and has Sashtiapthapoorthy performed at Thirukarukavur.

2.Kachi Mayanam. Mayanam in Tamil is burning ghat.

One finds Siva associated with Burning ghat here too.

3.Srivanchiyam..

4.Navalur Mayanam.

5.Sirkazhi.

Shall be writing in detail on each of these.

In some of these places streets have sprung between burning ghat and the temples

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Tantra  Forty One Devis Sixty Texts To Follow List

In Tantra one finds an amalgam of all four yoga.

And there are three processes to Realize self through Sound ,the fundamental principle of the Universe and Abstract Thought.

Mantras,Sounds,

Yantra,Geometrical patterns to facilitate abstract thinking to still Chitta and

Tantra, an amalgam of all yoga and the above two.


While there are four suggested ways to realize the Self/God, based on one’s disposition,there is yet another approach the goal of Life,Realization of Self.

This is based on the processes that evolved from following any of the four paths,Gnana,Karma,Raja and Bhakthi Yogas.

One must remember that the term Yoga means Union,that is the union of the individual self with the Universal Self.

Hence there is no question of debating which Yoga is superior.

One follows a Yoga that suits one’s disposition.

While following a Yoga, the processes might vary,though basics remain the same,the tools one develops as he goes along and the processes are as many as there are individual dispositions.

One such process that belongs to this categorization is Tantra.

Tantra finds a place in the Vedas,though they are not stated explicitly.

In Tantra one finds an amalgam of all four yogas.

And there are three processes to Realize self through Sound ,the fundamental principle of the Universe and Abstract Thought.

Mantras,Sounds,

Yantra,Geometrical patterns to facilitate abstract thinking to still Chitta and

Tantra, an amalgam of all yoga and the above two.

The Tantra also uses physical senses to realize Self.

There are innumerable treatises on Tantra Shastra.

I have written on authentic texts to follow in Tantra.

Devi,Shanmugha,Lakshmi,Shiva,Bhairava are some of the Deities invoked.
I have written a few articles on Tantra ,detailing procedures,texts and Deities.

Lalitha Tripurasundari image.image
Lalitha Tripurasundari

As the subject is vast and complex , I keep updating.

Also, I do not write with a preset notion on what I write.

I write when I feel the urge,the topic presents itself and material pops up as it were.

I write, not that I know much, but I seem to get information at specific time.

It is since a year I wrote on Devised and Tantra.

A reader has been asking a specific intricate question on Tantra for the past year.

I hope I shall answer him through my articles in the present burst.

Hope he reads this article,though his specific query is yet to be answered here.

The Tantra Sastra,though deals with Deities with Form,in essence it is with Principles and Abstract Thought.

The symbolism is Jewel or Flame,Lustre.

These are expressions of experiences which can not be described.

The source for deatils is given below.

A scholarly site.

https://archive.org/stream/TantrasOfTheReverseCurrent27HinduTextsAbstractedMichaelMagee/Tantras_of_the_Reverse_Current_27_Hindu_Texts_Abstracted+Michael+Magee_djvu.txt

Now to the Central figures,

Central Figure


1. Jvalamukh! 2. Tripurasundarl 3. Kalika 4. Jat! 5. Jatinl 6. Jvalin! 7. 
Jalandhar! 

Ten Petals - the ten flames or Jvalas 

8. Brahml 9. Ugratara 10. Bhadrakal! 11. Matang! 12. Kaumar! 13. 
Narasimh! 14. Kulakamin! 15. Varah! 16. Durga 17. Sambhavl 

Eight Petals - the Eight Maidens 

18. Maya 19. Baindavesvarl 20. Mrdan! 21. Bhlrunda 22. Bhagavasa 23. 
Bhagarupin! 24. Bala 25. Mohini 

Sixteen Petals - the sixteen flames or Jvalas 

26. Varum 27. Krt! 28. Karun! 29. Kucar! 30. Kunta 31. Kumbhesvarl 
32. Kunt! 33. Kuhu 34. Kutila 35. Kutsita 36. Kunth! 37. Kulika 38. 
Kuvar! 39. Kulasundar! 40. Varah! 41. Vatyal! 

Earth Square 

42. Vasuki 43. Narasimha 44. Ganesa 45. Dharmaraja 46. Dadhisamudra 47. 
Lavanasamudra 48. Sudhasamudra 49. Kslrasamudra 50. Plthatrayasana 51. 
Rudrabjaplthasana 52. Savasana 53. Padmasana 54. Dispelling fear 55. 
Granting boons 56. Arrow 57. Holding lotus 

DS Daksinamurti Samhita 

J Jnanarnava Tantra 

N Nityotsava 

YoH YoginI Hrdaya 

SN Srlnathanavaratnamalika 

Gu Guhyakallkakhanda 

KT Kalltantra 

KaT Kankalamalinltantra 

Nir Niruttaratantra 

GuS Guptasadhanatantra 

SSP Siddhasiddhantapaddhati 

Yo Yogavisaya 

AKu Akulavlratantra 

Kula Kulanandatantra 

JK Jnana Karika 

BT Brhannllatantra 

Ta Tararahasya 

BrT Brhat Tantrasara 

S Saktanandatarangini 

De Devlrahasyatantra 

Me Merutantra 

YoT Yoginltantra 

RuY Rudrayamala 

KDh Kamadhenutantra 

MV Malinlvijayottaratantra 

NT Netratantra 

UT Uddamaresvaratantra 

KC Kulacudamanltantra
   MaK Mahakalasamhita
KiY Kiss of the Yogini 
MT Matrkabhedatantra 
Ga Gandharvatantra 
Ta Tantrarajatantra 
NiS Nityasodasikarnava 
VT Vamakesvaratantra 
KJN Kaulajnananirnaya 
ORC Obscure Religious Cults 
YoV Yogavija 
Kar Karunamaya 


DeR Devlrahasyatantra 
MeT Merutantra 
YoT Yoginltantra 
RT Rudrayamalatantra 
HTS Hindu Tantric and Sakta Litera- 
ture 

SaS Sakti and Sakta 
PR Pancaratraraksa 
LT Laksmltantra 
TAB The Alchemical Body 
Sau Saundaryalahari 
KP Kalikapurana 
KV Kaulavalmirnaya 
PoT Principles of Tantra 
GaV GanesavimarsinI 
WGK Worship of the Goddess accord- 
ing to the Kalikapurana 
SS Siva Sutras 

SVA Shri Vilakshan Avadhoot 

ST Saradatilaka 

TT Todalatantra 

GoL The Garland of Letters 

MaN Mahanirvanatantra
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Tipu Massacred 800 Mandyam Brahmins Melkote on Deepavali.

Tipu ordered his troops to round up all Mandyam Iyengars of Melkote, many of whom were relatives and friends of Tirumaliyengar, and he massacred them in cold blood.

The slaughter was on the day when the Mandyam Iyengars were getting ready to celebrate Naraka Chaturdashi. The celebrations turned into mourning.


Indian history is full of misinformation and most of it was intentional, first by the invaders starting from Alexander, who did not defeat Portus, through Islam invaders, Christian missionaries and of course by the self styled secular, anglophile intellectuals(?)

One such piece of non sense is that Tippu Sultan of Mysore was a benevolent king, despite the fact he forcibly circumcised Hindus and made Brahmins eat beef.

He gave away a Jewel to Sringeri Mutt.

This incident is being touted as Tipu’s credentials as being Secular.

Tipu sultans massacre of Hindus. Image
Tipu Sultan massacred eight hundred Brahmin Mandyam Iyengars.

 

The reason was he was struggling to save his throne and did not want a powerful sect up against him at the same time.

Simultaneously, he demolished a number of temples.

Please read my articles on Tipu forcibly cicumscribing Christians, Brahmins.

And on Srigeri Mutt jewels and His directive to massacre Hindus in his own words.

What is not well known is Tipu-sultans-persecution-of-hindusin-his-words massacre of about 800 Mandyam Iyengar, a sect of Brahmins settled along the borders of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.

He carried out this heinous act on the Festival day of Deepavali.

Here is a report.

The Mandyam Iyengers were masters of Sanskrit. They spoke a distinct dialect of Tamil called Mandyam Tamil.

All the Mandyam Iyengars belonged to the Thenkalai sect of Iyengars. It was time of the last Anglo-Mysore war between Tipu on one hand and the British and Nizam of Hyderabad on the other hand.

Tipu has been seething with anger at what he considered humiliating and unfair terms of the treaty that brought an end to the third Anglo-Mysore war. He was particularly harsh on his detractors and critics.

One day, Tipu received news that one of his Hindu or rather Brahmin ministers, Shamaiah Iyengar had allied himself with the Dowager Queen of the Wodeyars, Lakshmammani, and had joined hands with the British to oust him.

Unlike his father, Hyder Ali, who had respected the Mysore royal family, Tipu had shown scant regard and respect for them. He had a rather strained relationship with the Mysore royals.

Queen Lakshammanni, the Dowager Queen ofMysore, began trying to regain the throne when Hyder Ali usurped power. She started negotiating with the British in the 1760’s with the help of Tirumala Row (It is Rao but the British used it as Row) and Narayana Row. She had assured the two brothers of the pradhanship of Mysore and one-tenth of the income of the state as their salary in perpetuity. When Hyder came to know of this agreement, he imprisoned all their relatives.

After Hyder’s death, the Queen intensified her efforts to place a Wodeyar back on the throne ofMysore. Though Tipu maintained a safe distance from the Wodeyars, he kept a wary eye on them.

When news of the Dowager Queen interacting with the British with help from Shamaiah Iyengar reached Tipu, he decided to take revenge. The agreement signed between the British General Harris of Madras and Tirumaliyengar further infuriated Tipu. Tirumaliyengar was often referred to by the British as Tirumala Row. He was the Pradhan of Mysore.

Tipu ordered his troops to round up all Mandyam Iyengars of Melkote, many of whom were relatives and friends of Tirumaliyengar, and he massacred them in cold blood.

The slaughter was on the day when the Mandyam Iyengars were getting ready to celebrate Naraka Chaturdashi. The celebrations turned into mourning.

The slaughter literally led to the death of Melkote. All people abandoned the temple cityand it soon turned into a ghost town. The 29 Kalyanis in Melkote went to dust, water shortage became endemic and the hills browned and of course Sanskrit lost a home.

To this day, the Mandyam Iyengars of Melkote do not celebrate Deepavali. Unfortunately, there is no mention of the despicable incident in any history book, but even now local folklore and a few accounts of the horrifying event still exist.

Recent research on the incident by Dr MA Jayashree and MA Narasimhan have proved that the incident did take place and among those massacred were women. The research was presented at a seminar at Dhvanyaloka,Mysore.

Quote and reference.

http://samharshbangalore.blogspot.in/2013/04/when-deepavali-is-day-of-mourning.html?m=1

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தமிழ் வரலாறு பதினைந்து லக்ஷம் வருடங்களுக்கு முற்பட்டது சென்னையில் அகழாய்வு

ஆனால் தற்போது மேற்கூறிய ஆய்வின் மூலமாக, சென்னை அடுத்த Athirampakkam கள ஆய்வில் ராபர்ட் புரூஸ் கண்டு எடுத்த கல் கருவிகள் சுமார் பதினைந்து லக்ஷம் வருடங்களுக்கு முற்பட்டது என்பது தெரிய வந்துள்ளது


தமிழின் நீண்ட வரலாறு பற்றியும் தமிழரின் பண்டைய கலாச்சாரம் பற்றியும் விரிவாக பல பதிவுகளை பிரசுரித்து இருக்கிறேன்.

இது வரை தமிழின் வரலாறு சுமார் 2000 அ‌ல்லது 5000 வருடங்களுக்கு முற்பட்டது என்று ஆராய்ச்சியாளர்கள் தெரிவித்திருந்தனர்.

ஆனால், தமிழர்கள் சுமார் 74,000 ஆண்டுகளுக்கு முன்பே வாழ்ந்துள்ளனர் என்றும்,பூம்புகார் 30 000 ஆண்டுகளுக்கு முற்பட்டது என்றும்,அவற்றை அகழாய்வு சான்றுகளுடன் எழுதி உள்ளேன்
இக்கட்டுரைகள் எனது ஆங்கில வலைத் தளத்தில் உள்ளன (www.ramanan50.wordpress.com )

1863 ஆம் ஆண்டு சென்னையில் உள்ள பல்லாவரம் parade ground இல் ராபர்ட் புரூஸ் என்பவர் ஒரு கல்லைக் கண்டு எடுத்தார்.

அதனை ஆராய்ச்சிக்கு உட்படுத்திய பின் அது மிகப்

பழைமை வாய்ந்தது எனத் தெரிய வந்ததது.

இருபதாம் நூற்றாண்டில் பன்னிரண்டு வருட ஆய்வுக்குப் பின் அக்கல் கற்காலத்தில் பயன் படுத்தப் பட்டது என அறுதி செய்யப்பட்டது.

இது Paleolithic or Acheulian எனப்படும் கைகளால் செய்யப்பட்ட கல் கருவிகள் காலம்.

இது, இது வரை ஆப்பிரிக்கா கண்டத்தில் கையாளப்பட்டு வந்தது என்றும், இக்காலம் பதினாறு லக்ஷம் வருடத்திற்கு முற்பட்டது எ‌ன்று‌ம், எனவே மனித குலம் ஆப்பிரிக்காவில் இருந்து பரவியது என்றும் கூறப் பட்டு வந்தது.

ஆனால் தற்போது மேற்கூறிய ஆய்வின் மூலமாக, சென்னை அடுத்த Athirampakkam கள ஆய்வில் ராபர்ட் புரூஸ் கண்டு எடுத்த கல் கருவிகள் சுமார் பதினைந்து லக்ஷம் வருடங்களுக்கு முற்பட்டது என்பது தெரிய வந்துள்ளது.

ஆராய்ச்சி விவரங்களுக்கு கீழ்க் கண்ட பதிவைப் பார்க்கவும்.

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2015/06/01/million-year-tamil-site-pallavaram-chennai-dated-report/

சயின்ஸ் ஆராய்ச்சி தள இணைப்பு.

Abstract
South Asia is rich in Lower Paleolithic Acheulian sites. These have been attributed to the Middle Pleistocene on the basis of a small number of dates, with a few older but disputed age estimates. Here, we report new ages from the excavated site of Attirampakkam, where paleomagnetic measurements and direct 26Al/10Be burial dating of stone artifacts now position the earliest Acheulian levels as no younger than 1.07 million years ago (Ma), with a pooled average age of 1.51 ± 0.07 Ma. These results reveal that, during the Early Pleistocene, India was already occupied by hominins fully conversant with an Acheulian technology including handaxes and cleavers among other artifacts. This implies that a spread of bifacial technologies across Asia occurred earlier than previously accepted.

http://science.sciencemag.org/content/331/6024/1596

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Europeans European Languages from India Sanskrit?

When one delves deep into the ancestors and the languages spoken by them leads to Franks,Huns,Gauls,Vikings and Celts.

It is accepted that all the languages had their link to Celt.

France had the influence of Franks , a Germanic tribe and I had written earlier that Huns who preceded Franks were from Bh


I have written on human migration in the distant past from from India,then called Bharatavarsha.

This is due to,

1. The earliest DNA has been traced to Madurai, probably not the present Madurai in Tamil Nadu, but Thenmadurai which was located in Lemuria/Kumarikandam/MU.

2. Out of Africa theory is now being discarded.

3.When one studies the history of Europe one finds that a group has been living in areas what we now call Europe had been invaded/ joined by people from the East,Asia.

The approximate time of this migrationabout 5000 years ago, fits in with the Third Great Flood in Asia recorded in Puranas and Ancient Tamil Classics.

4. What of the people living already in these areas before these immigrants moved in?

To understand this one has to remember that the landmass then was different from what it is today and Pangea and other super Continents have a clue.

Please read my articles on Rodina, Pangea.

Apart from checking these continents it is worthwhile researching the languages (present) of the people living in Europe.

When one delves deep into the ancestors and the languages spoken by them leads to Franks,Huns,Gauls,Vikings and Celts.

It is accepted that all the languages had their link to Celt.

France had the influence of Franks , a Germanic tribe and I had written earlier that Huns who preceded Franks were from Bharatavarsha.

Anglo Saxon came much later.

In all, the present Languages of Europe go back to Celt.

This leads to prehistoric period.

The time assigned to this around 1900 BC, about 5000 years ago.

This date can be pushed back based on the findings at Carnac in France and other sites in Europe.

And Celt is traced back to PIE, Pan Indo Euripean Languages.

( This is different from Indo Eurooean Languages.

This, in my opinion,is to ensure that Sanskrit does not ebter the picture.)

Celt is assigned to PIE and an ancestry of Latin is postulated while some include Sanskrit with Latin as the language the later Euripean languages sprung from.

One if he is desirous of finding facts must note that Humans had been living in Bharatavarsha during these ancient times and Vedic Sanskrit heads the Indo European Language group.

Now as the time assigned to the Rig Veda is 5000 years ago and the migration from Asia to Europe had taken place at this time, it is safe to postulate that Sanskrit is the language from which the present European languages have sprung from.

If one were to take Latin as the language from which the present European have come from one must find the origin of the people who had been speaking Latin.

And it is back to Bharatavarsha.

And one may remember Vedic Sanskrit is different from the Sanskrit which came later.

I surmise that it is later Sanskrit from which these European languages assign thenselves to.

This is du references found in the Vedas abiut the peoples who were not fron the Karmabhoomi of Bharatavarsha but from Bhigabhoomi of Milechas.

That is from area not of Bharatavarsha.

And one may note that Sanskrit Brahmi was earlier to Vedic Sanskrit and was the language of the less qualified abd they were treated as Barbarians by the Vedic people.

To conclude,

the present English,French,German,Romanian,Bulgarian and other languages trace their origins to Sanskrit and people from Bharatavarsha.

References and citations.

Franks (Latin: Franci or gens Francorum) were a collection of Germanic peoples that originated in the lands between the Lower and Middle Rhine in the 3rd century AD and eventually formed a large empire dominating much of western and central Europe during the Middle Ages. The Frankish Empire ultimately led to the birth of modern France and Germany and thus the Franks are seen as the forebears of the French and German peoples (in addition to Austrians, the Dutch, Luxembourgers and some other European nations

…….

Proto-Indo-European (PIE)[1] is the linguistic reconstruction of the common ancestor of the Indo-European languages, the most widely spoken language family in the world. Far more work has gone into reconstructing PIE than any other proto-language, and it is by far the best understood of all proto-languages of its age. The vast majority of linguistic work during the 19th century was devoted to the reconstruction of PIE or its daughter proto-languages (e.g. Proto-Germanic), and most of the modern techniques of linguistic reconstruction such as the comparative method were developed as a result. These methods supply all of the knowledge concerning PIE since there is no written record of the language.

PIE is estimated to have been spoken as a single language from 4,500 B.C.E. to 2,500 B.C.E.[2] during the Neolithic Age, though estimates vary by more than a thousand years. According to the prevailing Kurgan hypothesis, the original homeland of the Proto-Indo-Europeans may have been in the Pontic–Caspian steppe of Eastern Europe. The linguistic reconstruction of PIE has also provided insight into the cultureand religion of its speakers.[3] As Proto-Indo-Europeans became isolated from each other through the Indo-European migrations, the dialects of PIE spoken by the various groups diverged by undergoing certain sound laws and shifts in morphology to transform into the known ancient and modern Indo-European languages.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proto-Indo-European_language

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franks

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Nazca Lines Of Shiva Peru Converges At Angkor Vat

The Nazca lines ,when plotted around the Globe ,with the help of Google Earth ,converges on a single point,

The Angkorvat Temple in Cambodia.

Watch this Video.


The Nazca lines of Peru is mentioned by Valmiki Ramayana.

The image at the top is SPOT Satellite image of Nazca Lines.

angkor-wat-gods-murti-temple

Sugreeva mentions the place where the mark of Shiva  is found( Trishul).

I have written in detail on this.

”In Ramyan, when King Sugriv directs his men in all directions in search of Sita, he instructs people going to east direction to check out for a TRIDENT engraved on a mountain.

He describes the Trident as “A long Golden flagstick with three limbs stuck on top.

It always glitters in when seen from sky”. (This trident is on west coast of peru – Lima and is visible clearly from the sky)

In Valmiki Ramayan – Kishkindha Kaand – The sanskrit shlok is as below: (Kishkindha-39/47-48)

Search Sita in Peru.

And,

These Nazca Line might be Tamil Brahmi Script,meaning  ‘Namasivaya

Tamil Brahmi image.
Tamil Brahmi script.

The Nazca lines ,when plotted around the Globe ,with the help of Google Earth ,converges on a single point,

The Angkorvat Temple in Cambodia.

Watch this Video.

It may also be mentioned that the ancestors of the Incas were from Sanatana Dharma and their Chief God,Virococha, is Virochana,who,along with Indra studied under Prajapathi.

And he was the son of Prahlada.

 

Virochana is Virococha,Sanatana Dharma

Angkorvat.

The number 108 represents the distance from the earth to the sun and the moon in sun and moon diameters, respectively.

The diameter of the Sun is  18 times the diameter of the earth.

The distance between the human body and its inner Sun is also 108.

Number 360,taken to represent an year is the number of bones in the Human body at the time of birth and they get fused into 206  when the Body grows (Satapatha Brahmana)

The primary Vedic number is three, representing the tripartite division of the physical world into the earth, the atmosphere, and the

sky and that of the person into the physical body, the pranas, and the inner sky.

Hindu Temples represent the Meru Mountain and Bruhat Samhita lists 56 principles on this.

The AngkorVat.

The most impressive aspect of the temple representation is that it occurs both at the level

of the part as well as the whole in a recursive fashion, mirroring the Vedic idea of the

microcosmsymbolizes the macrocosm at variouslevels of expressions.

This is done not only in the domain of numbers and directions, but also

using anppropriate mythological themes and historical incidents.

Speaking just of numbers, the various lengths and circumferences of units

representing the motion of the moon may equal 27, 28, 29…’

Angkorvat Cambodia built on Vedic Principles
Please refer my articles on Geometrically aligned Temples.

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Advaita Ramayana Adhyaatma Ramayana Pdf

As Rama was not a fictional character,the writers felt that it would be more authentic to present Rama as the Ideal one to follow for He was Real.

There are some versions which are subtle and they convey the message of various philosophical concepts of Hinduism that are to be practiced by one to Realize the Self,Brahman.


Over a Thousand versions of Ramayana ,one of the two Great Epics of India,the other being Mahabharataha!

Of these versions many are in Sanskrit in which it was composed and that too by the same author,Sage Valmiki.

Some versions are meant for Higher Beings,some abridged,and some short and some stressing the Abstract Reality embodied in Lord Ramachandra,the Emperor of India.

Ramachandra was also the Emperor of the entire landmass on Earth and He is mentioned in ancient texts of the world including the Sumerian Kings List.

He was also referred to as RA and Rama worship is found in Americas ,Africas and ancient Europe.

While there are various versions in Sanskrit, in regional languages of India and in the Far East,all of them are in agreement with the fact that he was a Historical personality and not a figment of imagination of a creative poet.

Notwithstanding language barriers and the varied locations where/in which the Ramayana is composed,basic facts mentioned by Sage Valmiki in his Ramayana are adhered to.

In some versions certain changes are made in the narrative to enhance the quality of the literary work and the poets ensure that hints are made available in the text that there are such variations from Valmiki Ramayana.

While some of these versions enhance the quality of the work through characterisations,some provide more details in respect of Geography:some include the regional customs.

As the very name Ramayana implies Ramayana is the ‘Path of Rama’.

Rama Ayana meaning Path followed by Rama.

The Path travelled by Rama during his life was marked as Ideal and as such is recommended for people as it is deemed to be the Righteous one.

As Rama was not a fictional character,the writers felt that it would be more authentic to present Rama as the Ideal one to follow for He was Real.

There are some versions which are subtle and they convey the message of various philosophical concepts of Hinduism that are to be practiced by one to Realize the Self,Brahman.

One can read the Valmiki Ramayana as History and also as an explanation of Karma yoga and lokayata,the worldly way of performing one’s duties in accordance with Dharma,come what may.

There are some versions that stress on the Divine aspect of Rama and emphasize Bhakti yoga,the Path of Surrender to God.

Saint Tulsidas’s Ramcharitamanas belongs to this category where RamaBhakti takes priority and as Bhakti yoga implies Duality or Qualified Duality.

Dwaita and Visishtadvaidha,are two aspects of the Reality,Brahman as explained in the Vedas.

The other system Vedic Thought on Reality needs to be brought out.

This Thought is Advaita,the system that explains the Reality as One,non dual, Advaita.

This aspect is brought forth in Adhyaatma Ramayana.

It is said to have been composed by Veda Vyasa,the compiler of the Vedas and the Puranas.

There is also a view that Adhyaatma Ramayana was composed during the middle ages.

Adhyaatma Ramayana stresses Advaita system of them,made popular later by Adi Shankaracharya .

The Advatic thought runs through Adhyaatma Ramayana and the Rama Gita, where Rama’ discourse on Reality to Lakshmana is pure Advaidha.

The term Adhyaatma Ramayana indicates it to be Advaidha.

the Sanskrit scriptures have a very precise definition of the word spirituality (adhyatma): “aatmani adhi iti adhyatma”, meaning all that which is performed in accordance with the wishes of the soul (aatma)is spirituality.

From Bhagavad Gita, 8.3 : अक्षरं ब्रह्म परमं स्वभावोऽध्यात्ममुच्यते । means:

The indestructible, transcendental living entity is called Brahman, and his eternal nature is called adhyātma, the self.

The text represents Rama as the Brahman (metaphysical reality), mapping all saguna (attributes) of Rama to the nirgunanature (ultimate unchanging attributeless virtues and ideals). Adhyatma Ramayana raises every mundane activity of Rama to a spiritual or transcendent level, the story into symbolism, thus instructing the seeker to view his or her own life through the symbolic vision for his soul, where the external life is but a metaphor for the eternal journey of the soul in Advaita terminology.

The book is aimed to be used as a guide and a ready source of instruction for a spiritual seeker, as it presents the Ramayana as a divine allegory.

Adhyaatma Ramayana has Seven Cantos,Chapters,4500 verses.

Apart from this there are variations to Valmiki Ramayana in Adhyaatma Ramayana.

These are,

Comparison with Valmiki Ramayana

In a study of Adhyatma Ramayana it is essential to know where it differs from the Valmiki Ramayana.

Valmiki’s object seems to describe Rama as an ideal human character though he accepts him as an avatarof Maha Vishnu; but the divinity of Rama is always kept latent. This objective of Valmiki is made clear at the very beginning of the epic in verses 1 to 18 of Chapter 1 of Bala Kanda. Here Valmiki asks Narada the following questions:

1. “Who in the world today is a great personage, endowed with all virtues, who is courageous, who knows the secret of Dharma, who is grateful, who is ever truthful and who is established in sacred observances”?

2. “Who has great family traditions, who has got sympathy for all creatures, who is most learned, who is skilful, and whose outlook is ever kindly”?

3. “Who is courageous, who has subdued anger, who is endowed with splendor, who is free from jealousy, who, when angry in the field of battle, is a terror even to the Devas”?

In reply to this question, Sage Narada narrated in brief the entire Rama Katha which formed the basis for Valmiki to expand and make it a vast, beautiful and unique epic poem of great literary value which came to be called Valmiki Ramayana. (Narada’s brief exposition of Rama Katha to Valmiki is called ‘Sankshepa Ramayana’ which is used in many households for the purpose of daily recitation).

The object of an epic which begins with such a description of its hero is obviously to give us a picture of human perfection. But this does not mean that Valmiki did not recognize divinity in his hero. When a person is described as a Deity, it happens that ordinary human beings start worshipping him and are not inclined to treat him as a role-model to imitate and follow. This probably must have been the reason for Valmiki to propound the divinity of Rama in subdued tones and paint him prominently as a great human being with all the human frailties and weaknesses so that the people at large may learn from his life.

While Valmiki’s great epic is the saga of Rama in respect of its direct approach, Adhyatma Ramayana is a direct elaboration of its spiritual implications. In the former Rama is a great hero, in the latter he is a deity- Maha Vishnu, covered in thin apparel – held before all to worship. This is made clear in the very first chapter of the book entitled ‘Sri Rama Hridaya”.

The text of Adhyatma Ramayana projects Rama as the Supreme Self; but while doing so it takes care to see that Rama is also a Personal Deity, the Supreme Isvara, who is to be prayed and sought after by all those who seek knowledge of non-duality. It teaches Bhakti of the most intensive type and stresses that through devotion to Rama alone the saving Jnana would arise in the Jiva. The teaching of the Adhyatma Ramayana is an extension of the declaration of the Svetasvatara Upanishad, “it is only in one who has supreme devotion to God and to his spiritual teacher that this truth – knowledge of the non-dual Self – when taught will shine”.

Thus to establish Rama’s divine status, as an object of worship and devotion and to teach that Bhakti and Jnana are not only reconcilable but always go together is the prime object this great text. In order to achieve this objective, the Adhyatma Ramayana, while sticking to the main trends and incidents of the Rama Katha described in Valmiki’s epic, makes various deviations in the course of its extensive narration. A few such instances are cited below.

….

The major alteration in the fact of the story found in the Adhyatma Ramayana is the introduction of a “Shadow Sita” throughout the period of her abduction. The real Sita disappears into fire just before the golden deer episode. Tulasidasa also follows the Adhyatma Ramayana in this respect.

Compare Tulasi’s Sri Ramacharitamanasa, Aranya Kanda, Doha 23 and the Chopai: “When Lakshmana had gone to the woods to gather roots, fruits and bulbs, Sri Rama, the very incarnation of compassion and joy, spoke with a smile to Janak’s daughter (Sita):- Listen my darling, who have been staunch in the holy vow of fidelity to me and are so virtuous in conduct: I am going to act a lovely human part. Abide in fire until I have completed the destruction of the demons.”

“No sooner had Sri Rama told Her everything in detail than she impressed the image of the Lord’s feet on Her heart and entered into the fire, leaving with Him only a shadow of Hers, though precisely of the same appearance and the same amiable and gentle disposition. Lakshmana, too, did not know the secret of what the Lord had done behind the curtain.”

In the Adhyatma Ramayana, Sita emerges from the fire at the end of the war when the shadow Sita enters into it. (The whole drama is preplanned and enacted at the bidding of Sri Rama Himself).

Other alterations in the Adhyatma Ramayana include: Ravana treats Sita with the respect due to a mother and Sri Rama establishes a Sivalinga at the site of the bridge to Lanka.

The major contribution of the Adhyatma Ramayana lies in the casting of Rama in the role of the spiritual teacher and in the several exquisite hymns sung in praise of Rama. There are four occasions when Rama assumes the role of the teacher and gives philosophical disquisition.

Rama reveals himself as four-handed Mahavishnu at his very birth, a feature that is not seen in Valmiki

Sage Valmiki depicts Sri.Rama as an ideal man while admitting his divinity, whereas Sage Vyasa present him as the Supreme Being incarnate with the full remembrance of his divinity and the recognition of it by all wise men.

In response to Lakshmana’s questions on different occasions he teaches knowledge, devotion and detachment, methods of worship and the way of emancipation. In reply to Kaushalya’s query, Rama teaches the three Yogas of Karma (action), Jnana (knowledge) and Bhakti (devotion).

The well known Ramagita is part of Adhyatma Ramayana. It contains teachings on Advaita Vedanta. The real contribution of this work is in its repeatedly propounding the doctrine that Rama is Brahman the Absolute and that Sita is His Maya-shakti or Prakriti, thereby raising the personality of Rama to the highest level and providing a firm base to the worship of Rama.

Ahalya the wife of Sage Gautama is in invisible form in the Valmiki Ramayana, whereas in the Adhyatma she has been depicted in the rock form.

In the Ayodhya Kanda of Adhyatma Ramayana the section opens with a visit of Sage Narada to Sri. Rama to remind him of the purpose of his incarnation, which Sri. Rama acknowledges. All these incidents are not in Valmiki.

In the Adhyatma, banishment of Sri Rama is accomplished by the Devas through Goddess Saraswathi, by possessing the two women i.e. maid servant Manthara and Kaikeyi. In Valmiki this incident is explained as a simple court intrigue.

Sage Valmiki’s evil past has been explained in detail in Adhyatma, but not in the other.

In Adhyatma, Lakshmana requests Rama to instruct him on the means of attaining Salvation. Rama also gives him an elaborate discourse on Jnana and Bhakti, conveying the quintessence of Vedanta. This is not there in Valmiki Text.

According to Adhyatma, Ravana is aware of the fact that Sri. Rama in human form is Lord Vishnu incarnated to kill him. Ravana is also aware of the fact that destruction at Sri. Rama’s hand is easier way of gaining salvation than through spiritual practices (devotion through confrontation – an example for vidvesha bhakti).

In Adhyatma – unknown to Lakshmana, Rama informs Sita that Ravana will be coming to abduct her, and that therefore he is handing her over to the Fire deity Agni for safe custody, till he takes her back again. In her place Maya Sita is left in Asrama, and it is this illusory Sita that Ravana abducts. This is unknown in the Valmiki.

In Valmiki, it is Kabandha who advises Sri. Rama to make friends with Sugreeva and gives details about the place of his residence, whereas in Adhyatma it is ascetic Sabari who first tells Rama about Sugreeva and informs him that Sita is confined in Ravana’s palace.

After the death of Vali it is Hanuman who consoles Tara in Adhyatma Ramayana, whereas in Valmiki Sri. Rama gives her an elaborate advice of philosophy of Vedanta and the practice of devotion, besides consoling her.

In Adhyatma while Rama is staying at Mount Pravarshana after the coronation of Sugreeva, he gives an elaborate discourse to Lakshmana on the ritualistic worship of Lord Maha Vishnu (i.e Himself), thus revealing his identity with the Supreme Being openly.

Swayamprabha comes to meet Rama and praises Him, identifying him as Supreme Being. According to the advice of Rama she goes to Badari to attain Mukthi.. This episode is absent in Valmiki.

Sampati gives an elaborate discourse to the monkeys who meet him He quotes Sage Chandramas, while telling about the divinity of Sri. Rama. This incident is available in Adhyatma only.

A conspicuous addition in the Adhyatma is Rama’s installation of the Sivalinga in Rameswara, before the construction of Sethu for the success of the enterprise. Rama also declares about the merit of Pilgrimage to Rameswara and Sethu Bandha here. These elaborations are not available in Valmiki.

Sri Rama is well aware of his divinity during the Nagapasa missile episode and Garuda’s arrival to release them. In Valmiki, Rama is not aware of his Divinity till the end when Brahma imparts that knowledge to him.

Kalanemi obstructs Hanuman while he is on his way to bring Mritasanjivani, a herb that can revive one who is almost dead. This incident is absent in Valmiki.

Narada praises Rama after the death of Kumbakarna in Adhyatma. This is absent in Valmiki.

Killing of Maya Sita by Indrajit and illusion created thereon by black magic is available in Valmiki but not in Adhyatma

Before going to battle Ravana, for gaining invincibility in fighting, begins fire rite, as per the advice of his guru Sukra. This rite is blocked and stopped by the monkeys. These incidents are absent in Valmiki Ramayana.

Rama cuts down the heads of Ravana repeatedly, but could not kill him. Vibhishana informs Rama that Ravana has got amrita deposited in his umbilicus and that until it is removed he cannot be killed. This is available in Adhyatma Ramayana. But in Valmiki Ramayana as per the advice of Sage Agasthya Rama chants Adhithya Hrudaya and worships Lord Soorya to kill Ravana.

According to Adhyatma on the death of Ravana, his spirit, having luminosity of lighting enters into Rama and attains salvation. This explanation finds no place in Valmiki.

After the death of Ravana, Sita’s fire ordeal is only to replace the Maya Sita by Rama. The whole event is given the appearance of a real ordeal in Valmiki.

In Adhyatma Ramayana every one praises and chants the hymn on Rama starting from Vamadeva, Valmiki, Bharadwaja, Narada, Viradha, Sarabanga, Sutikshna, Agasthya, Viswamitra, Vasishta, Jatayu, Kabhanda, Sabari, Swayamprabha, Parasurama, Vibhishana, Hanuman etc. This is absent in Valmiki.

Reference and block quote citation.

Visit the following link for quality information on Hinduism.

http://stotraratna.sathyasaibababrotherhood.org/adr2.htm

For download of Adhyaatma Ramayana in Sanskrit with English Translation by MSri. Munilal

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Ravana Conducted Vijaya Homa For Ramas Victory

And Ravana,being a Brahmin of excellent knowledge of the Vedas and an ardent devotee of Shiva, appeared before and conducted the Vijaya Homa to assure Rama’s victory in the war with him(Ravana).


Exploring Indian Epics is exhilarating and intellectually stimulating.

In my eight years of research on Santana Dharma and Ancient Indian texts, I am yet to find a contradiction .

One has to delve deeper to get clarified on the seeming contradictions on the surface.

Dates mentioned in these texts,geological data,flora and fauna check out with present day findings.

I have written on these ,they are under ‘Hinduism’

One of the greatest Epics of India,Ramayana,the other being Mahabharata,was written by Sage Valmiki .

And he has written more than one version of Ramayana.

Please read in detail my articles Ramayana Valmiki.

Though there are over a thousand versions of the Ramayana,including in Regional languages and in foreign languages ,the essential facts of Ramayana remain the same.

However major deviations are found in the Adyatma Ramayana.

This version is attributed to Valmiki and also to unnamed author in the middle ages.

However, the style of the Epic and the usage of words indicate this was indeed by Valmiki.

This is my opinion.

I shall be writing in detail on this.

Now there is an interesting event narrated in Adhyaatma Ramayana.

When Rama wanted to build a bridge near Rameswaram,India to cross over to Lanka to free Sita,defeat Ravana,Rama performed a Yaaga to assure him of his victory over Ravana.

This home was Vijaya Himachal and this homa is performed even today in India to ensure success.

This homa ,to be successful,should be performed by a learned Brahmin priest.

Rama being a Kshatriya needed a Brahmin to conduct this homa.

He prayed.

And Ravana,being a Brahmin of excellent knowledge of the Vedas and an ardent devotee of Shiva, appeared before and conducted the Vijaya Homa to assure Rama’s victory in the war with him(Ravana).

This is not found in the Valmiki Ramayana.

However Hanuman in effusive in his praise of Ravana’ learning and valour in the Sundaram Nanda.

Rama also praises Ravana to Lakshmana in the Yuddha Nanda.

There is another version which states that Ravana performed the Yaaga for Rama for successful construction of the bridge from Rameswaram to Lanka.

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Hinduism Chitta Confirmed By Quantum Can Move Distant Objects.

The classic example to illustrate how factors associated with consciousness are directly linked with the physical world comes from the “double slit experiment.” A paper published in the peer-reviewed journal Physics Essays by Dean Radin, PhD, explains how this experiment has been used multiple times to explore the role of consciousness in shaping the nature of physical reality.

The paper showed that meditators were able to collapse quantum systems at a distance through intention alone.


The Concept of Chitta is one of the basic Cocepts of Hinduism.

Chitta is called as one of the Primary Attributes of Brahman, The Reality without Names and Forms.

Sat,Being and Ananda,Bliss are the other two Attributes.

Though Brahman,Reality is Indescribable,Avaktavya,its attributes Sat Chit and Ananda are revealed as the basic Attributes of Brahman by the Rishis, the Realized Souls.

Chitta is a Higher plane than of Mind, Consciousness.

Consciousness is what drives One.

The rising of Consciousness leads one to Self Realization,Consciousness being an essential commponent of Brahman,Reality.

One of the methods of raising Consciousness is to get rid of the Impurities that surround it  .

These impurities are the modifications of the Chitta.

The Modifications to Chitta,Consciousness arises because of the vibrations that accrue because of our Thought processes.

Once these modifications are removed the Brahman, in the Form of Consciousness shines forth.

This is Realization of the Self.

And Consciousness is Universal.

There is no individual Consciousness.

Each of us seem to have individual Consciousness because of the Two limitations of the Mind,Space and Time.

Once we transcend these two,we become part of the Universal Consciousness,when there is no difference between between your Consciousness and Mine.

Everything becomes One, Universal Consciousness.

This is called as Elan Vital by Henri Bergson.

Being Universal Consciousness,Chitta can control all activities of not only an Individual but the whole Universe.

And Consciousness is aHigher principle than the presently known Laws of Physics.

It can contact things, objects which are miles away from us,even in the sky.

It can alter the obejects.

It can change the thought processes of others.

It can present it self in many places and Time at the same time.

This quality of Consciousness is expressed in the Puranas .

Krishna being present at many locations at the same time.

People traveling to different Planes of Existence.

People changing objects ,including Man.

Stopping/moving huge immovable Objects.

Traveling back in Time.

This has been validated by Quantum now.

An Atom can be present at more than one place at the same time.

An event on earth can move an object in the Sky(without any gadgets).

Read on.

The classic example to illustrate how factors associated with consciousness are directly linked with the physical world comes from the “double slit experiment.” A paper published in the peer-reviewed journal Physics Essays by Dean Radin, PhD, explains how this experiment has been used multiple times to explore the role of consciousness in shaping the nature of physical reality.

The paper showed that meditators were able to collapse quantum systems at a distance through intention alone.

The meditators were the “observer” in this case.

In fact, as Radin points out in his lecture, a “5 sigma” result was able to give CERN the Nobel Prize in 2013 for finding the Higgs particle (which turned out not to be Higgs after all). In this study, they also received a 5 sigma result when testing meditators against non-meditators in collapsing the quantum wave function.

This means that mental activity, the human mind,  attention, and intention, which are a few labels under the umbrella of consciousness, compelled physical matter to act in a certain way

“Observations not only disturb what has to be measured, they produce it. . . . We compel [the electron] to assume a definite position. . . . We ourselves produce the results of the measurement.”

Radin’s work is a great place to start if you’re curious about this, and probably one of the most well-researched and knowledgable scientists in the field.

He’s published two groundbreaking books that deal with this phenomenon, something Einstein referred to as “spooky action at a distance.” Action at a distance is the idea that physical systems can be moved, changed, or influenced without being physically touched by anything else. It refers to the nonlocal interaction of objects that are separated in space. See his works:

The Conscious Universe: The Scientific Truth of Psychic Phenomena 

Entangled Minds: Extrasensory Experiences in a Quantum Reality

In fact, quantum entanglement was just achieved in space, as illustrated by a fairly recent study published in the journal Science that showed how scientists were able to produce entangled photons on a satellite orbiting 300 miles above the planet. They beamed the particles into two different ground-based labs that were 750 miles apart, all without losing the particles’ strange linkage. You can read more about that here.

For a selected list of downloadable peer-reviewed journal articles reporting studies of psychic phenomena, mostly published in the 21st century, you can click here.

Reference and citation.

Anexcellent site for Open thinking.

http://www.collective-evolution.com/2017/09/20/the-astonishing-link-between-quantum-physics-the-human-mind/

“Despite the unrivaled empirical success of quantum theory, the very suggestion that it may be literally true as a description of nature is still greeted with cynicism, incomprehension and even anger.” 

– (T. Folger, “Quantum Shmantum”; Discover 22:37-43, 2001

Reference and citation.

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Ekothistam Othan Eleventh Day Ceremony for The Dead

Mantras are chanted asking the Pretha to descend in the body of the Brahmin.

Originally 32 Kavalas (32 palmful),were offered.

The Brahmin who took the food died as soon as he finished eating the food.


Having made the Pretha get disgusted with the basic urge for Food,one should now look for measures to help the Pretha to join the ancestors.

The Pretha,which had turned away from food now has nowhere to go and keeps loitering.

On the Eleventh day ceremony for the dead the Pretha is made to be present in the body of a Brahmin and the Brahmin is fed.

This is called Ekothishta,Othan in Tamil.

Daughters must be present.

Sraddha food is prepared and the Brahmin is offered the food.

Uthishta means Brahmins in this context Ekothista means one Brahmin.

After the Brahmin is asked to take the food,he walks away to eat the food.

Those present are not to see him.

Shanti Homa in the form of Sri Rudram is performed after this.

Some perform it on the twelfth day.

Why should not one see the Brahmin who is offered the food?

The Brahmin is treated as the Pretha.

Mantras are chanted asking the Pretha to descend in the body of the Brahmin.

Originally 32 Kavalas (32 palmful),were offered.

The Brahmin who took the food died as soon as he finished eating the food.

Hence the practice of offering food instead of Kavala palmful) has been followed.

And as the Brahmin is the personification of the Pretha and a Brahmin having died taking the food,the practice of  not looking at the Brahmin has come into vogue.

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Hindu Tenth Day Ceremony பத்து Mangalya Removal

1.Tharpana by Gnayathis, by those related by the same Gotra.

2.Offering of food to Pretha by daughters.

3.Removal of Mangalya Sutra.


The death ceremonies of the Hindus, especially. Brahmins on the Tenth Day consists of three parts.

1.Tharpana by Gnayathis, by those related by the same Gotra.

2.Offering of food to Pretha by daughters.

3.Removal of Mangalya Sutra.

The Pertha had been offered Water and Seasame seeds and water to quench their thirst and satisfy their anguish, Thaapa.

On the Tenth Day food is offered by daughters and women to the Pretha.

The Pretha, having been offered water and Seasame seeds for the past nine days retains the taste for food.

IT is time that it is made to move away from food to enable it to join the ancestors.

Satras declare that food is be prepared by the following for consumption(even for those who are alive)

1.Preparation by Self Swayam Bhaaga,

2.By Mother

3.Daughter.

Food prepared by others are not considered nourishing and are to be avoided.

So, on the Tenth Day rice, and Raw plantain வாழைக்காய் is prepared and offered to Pretha.

The preparation is without Salt.

Women who are not related may also take part in this ceremony.

The Pretha tastes this and becomes disgusted with food as it contains no Salt.

Next is essentially a mundane practice.

That is the removal of தாலி, Mangalya Sutra.

Mangalya is not a part of Vedic marriage.

Please read my article on this for details.

Traditionally the Thaali was removed on the midnight of the Tenth Day from the wife of the deceased.

A widow in the family of the deceased removes it from the wife of the deceased and kept in a bowl of Milk.

The lady may wear a chain instead.

Or the Mangalya Sutra from the chain may be removed and the chain may be worn.

Those whose husbands are alive are not to be present during this process.

This is solemn ceremony and has to be done quietly.

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Hindu Death Ceremony Days 2 to 9 Daaha Thaapa Upachamanam


The ceremonies performed after collection of bones/ashes and immersion in the sea,the Rites of Hinduism addresses three issues.

Seasame seeds. Image

1.The Saisfying of the Pretha,the subtle body that remains after the body is turned to ashes and immersion in the sea.

2.The gradual process of making the Pretha getting disgusted with what is offered and moving/joining ancestors.

3.The process of purification of Home and the relatives from the impurities attached to Death and the attendant ceremonies.

As explained in the last article,the Subtle body,Pretha remains after life is snuffed out and the physical frame becomes Sava and is cremated.

The Pretha,without the medium of Body is unable to satisfy its urges.

(It may be noted that the Subtle body,when Life is present is called Sookshma Sarrera and is nourished by what we eat.It becomes Pretha only after Death).

There are two cravings in any Human Beings in terms of what they experience.

Daaha and Thaapa.

Daaha may lossely translated as Urge,Thirst,Obsessive Desire to enjoy.

Thaapa is anguish,disappointment,frustration in not getting what one desires.

These two are resolved,to a limited degree,when one is alive,has body.

Even if what one desires does not materialize,one has mind,when alive,to understand and compromise.

Pretha,with no body and mind can not do this.

However the urge,Daaha and Thaapa remain with it.

It is to be met if the,Pretha is to move forward and join the ancestors.

The death ceremonies of Hindus ,from Day one to thirteen address these.

On the day of death,at the cremation ground,after consigning the body to flames,the son of the deceased makes a rough sketch of human body with sand on the ground.

The Pretha is made to come into this,by chanting mantras requesting the,Pretha to come in and accept what is offered.

Water,Tender Coconut Water and Seasame seeds with Water are offered to the Pretha in the Human sketch formed on the ground.

After immersion of ashes in the sea,the Pretha is made to descend in a small stone placed in a corner at the home of the deceased.

A small area is selected inside the house,where the deceased lived,roughly one foot by one foot,the area is paved with sand and a thatch of Coconut leaf is placed as the roof.

The son offers water,water and Seasameseeds to the Pretha in the stone daily.

Water is offered to quench Daaha and meet with desires of the Pretha .

Sea same seeds with water is offered to satisfy Thaapa, anguish.

The water and sea same seeds with water is increased every day till the tenth day.

The Pretha is believed to be hovering around the house till it is sent to join Pitrus, ancestors on the twelfth Day.

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Mahalaya Amavasya Amavasya Sankalpam Text With Seasons Thithis


Sankalpa,according to Hinduism,is Right Determination.

Any act,auspicious or otherwise is to be preceded by Sankalpa.

While Abhivadana Mantra is Geotagging the individual,Sankalpa is Event specific,where the Time of the occasion,location where it is performed is pinpointed.

Year,Season,Month,Thithi(phases of the Moon),Nakshatra(Star),Day,the Gotra,the founder of the Family are mentioned.

I am providing the Sankalpa for Amavasya .

For Grahana suitable changes as in Soorya/Chandra Grahana Punyakaale may be made along with month,day,Thithi,Nakshatra ,Ayana,Year may be made.

I am providing names of seasons and Thithis

Year,month,day,Nakshatra may be found in daily calendar.

Ayana are.

Dakshinayana and Uttarayana.

Uttarayan begins from the day of Makar sankranti. Days are longer and nights are shorter during Uttarayan. This period involves pilgrimages and festivals. The period of Uttarayan collides with the Paush Magh month. Uttarayan is known to be the period of Devas. Yagyas, donations, charities, austerities, marriages, mundan etc. are considered to be auspicious during this period.

Dakshinayan

Dakshinayan begins from 21/22 June. The sun travels from Uttarayan to Dakshinayan on 21st June. According to religious beliefs, Dakshinayan is the night of Kal Devas. Nights and longer and days are shorter during Dakshinayan. During Dakshinayan, Sun travels with an inclination toward the southern direction.

Dakshinayan is the period associated with fasts. Many kinds of auspicious works are prohibited during Dakshinayan. This period is auspicious for Tamsik activities. Dakshinayan is a symbol of lust and desire. Therefore, fasts, yagyas, worship and other religious activities cure diseases and sorrows.

For inauspicious occasions, Lord Vishna as Govinda is invoked,while for auspicious occasions ,Shiva as Parameshwara is invoked by those who worship Shiva and Narayana by those who worship Lord Vishnu.

As in,

Sree Parameshwara Prretgyartham,

Sree Narayana Preethyartham.

For Mahalaya paksha,the same format is to followed with changes for month/Thithi/Nakshatra/Year/Season/Ayana(movement of Sun to Tropic of Cancer and Capricorn).

And chant Mahalaya Punyakaale…..Thithi,Vara etc.

nama samvathsare ,utharayane/dakshinayane , rithou(season),  mase(month),   pakshe(phases of Moon), adhya Amavasyam     punya thidhou , …..vasara(day)yukthayam,  nakshatra (Star)yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubhaKarana evam guna viseshena, visishtayam asyam Amavasyam    punya thidhou, amavasya  punyakale, darsa sradham , thilatharpana roopena adhya karishye
Seasons.


  1. Vasantha Ruthu – Spring season
  2. Greeshma Ruthu – Summer season
  3. Varsha Ruthu – Rainy/Monsoon season
  4. Sharad Ruthu – Early Autumn
  5. Hemantha Ruthu – Winter season
  6. Sishira Ruthu – Late Autumn


Thithis.

Sl.No Krishna paksha
(dark fortnight)
Shukla paksha
(bright fortnight)
Deity and properties[citation needed]
1 Prathama Prathama The presiding deity of the first lunar day is Agni and it is good for all types of auspicious and religious ceremonies.
2 Dwitiya Dwitiya Vidhatr or Bramha rules this lunar day and is good for the laying of foundations for buildings and other things of a permanent nature.
3 Tritiya Tritiya Gauri is the lord of this day and is good for the cuttings of one’s hair and nails and shaving.
4 Chaturthi Chaturthi Yama/Ganapati is lord of the 4th lunar day, which is good for the destruction of one’s enemies, the removal of obstacles, and acts of combat.
5 Panchami Panchami The Naaga or Serpents rule this day, which is favourable for administering medicine, the purging of poisons, and surgery.
6 Shashthi Shashthi Karttikeya presides over this day and is favourable for coronations, meeting new friends, festivities, and enjoyment.
7 Saptami Saptami The 7th lunar day is ruled by Surya; one may begin a journey, buy conveyances, and deal with other such things of a movable nature.
8 Ashtami Ashtami The Rudra rule this day, which is good for taking up arms, building of one’s defenses, and fortification.
9 Navami Navami The Ambikaa rules this day, which is suitable for killing enemies, acts of destruction, and violence. Inauspicious for ceremonies and journeys.
10 Dasami Dashami The day is ruled by Dharmaraja and is auspicious for acts of virtue, religious functions, spiritual practices, and other pious activities.
11 Ekadasi Ekadashi Rudra rule this day; fasting, devotional activities, and remembrance of the Supreme Lord are very favourable. This day has special religious significance in Hinduism and Jainism—usually observed by fasting.
12 Dvadasi Dwadashi The Vishnu or Aditya rules this day, which is auspicious for religious ceremonies, the lighting of the sacred fire, and the performance of one’s duties.
13 Trayodasi Thrayodashi The day is ruled by Cupid and is good for forming friendships, sensual pleasures, and festivities.
14 Chaturdashi Chaturdashi Kali rules this day, suitable for administering poison and calling of elementals and spirits.
15 Amavasya
(new moon)
Purnima or Paurnami
(full moon)
The Pitru-devas rule the New Moon, suitable for the propitiation of the Manes and performance of austerities. Purnima is ruled by Moon and is suitable for merry making and fire sacrifice.
Featured

Hindu Death Ceremonies Day One Two Details Meaning

The Death ceremonies conducted for the first twelve Days in Hinduism, more specifically in the case of Brahmins,relate to these aspects.

Once the life leaves the body it becomes Sava,without Auspiciosness,Shiva.

The human body has two aspects,Sthula,Gross and Sookshma,Subtle.


Death is just a hairbreadth away from Life.

What does happen just before death, at the time of Death and after death?

For the first two points and signs of Death, according to Hinduism, please read my articles Signs of Death,Hinduism.

What does Hinduism say on Life just afer death?

Soul has five layers.

Annamaya Kosa, the subtle body made of the essence of Food,

Pranamaya Kosa, of Life’s breath,

Manomaya Kosa, made of mind’s impressions,

Vignanamaya Kosa, the subtle reposited impressions of Knowledge and

Gnanamaya Kosa, the level of wisdom, discerned knowledge.

The last one Anandamaya Kosa is an immediate Attribute of BrahmanThe Reality.

When all the other Kosas( sheaths) , except Gnanamaya Kosa are dissipitated, the Gnanamaya Kosa gets merged, in case of Realized Souls, with Brahman or the knowledge that it is different from Brahman disappears.

The Death ceremonies conducted for the first twelve Days in Hinduism, more specifically in the case of Brahmins,relate to these aspects.

Once the life leaves the body it becomes Sava,without Auspiciosness,Shiva.

The human body has two aspects,Sthula,Gross and Sookshma,Subtle.

The physical frame is the gross aspect of Atman.

Sookshma Sareera,Subtle body is a conglomeration of  the essence(Rasa) of Food(Anna),Prana(life energy),Mind(Manas),Knowledge(Vigyana) and Consciousness(Ananda).

All these subtle aspects draw their nourishment from the  Five Gross elements,Earth,Water,Fire,Air and Ether(Prithvi,Appu,Agni,Vayu and Akasha).

Each of these subtle essences nourish the body and facilitates the enjoyment,both pleasant and unpleasant,depending on one’s actions,Karma,by the Unrealized.

Once Life ebbs away,the physical frame called Sava is cremated and the subtle body is called Pretha.

The functions of the Sava ceases but the subtle body,Pretha remains,though it remains invisible.

On the day of death,after the ceremonies are conducted at home ,officially christening the body as Pretha,washing it,removing everything worn,adorning with Vibhuthi or appropriate castemark,declaring the son and if the deceased had no son,the one who shall conduct the Andhima Karma,Final Rites is designated as such, along with symbolic fire which was lit as soon as the person died,the body is moved to the Crematorium,with the Grandson/s showing the light with a torch.

At the crematorium,the body,before consigning to flames,is addressed as Pretha by the son,thanking the person for bringing up the children,declaring that the son would perform all Karmas to enable the Sookshma sareea to join the ancestors.

At the crematorium the body which has sprung from the five elements,Earth,Water,Fire,Air and Ether is retuned.

The body is laid on the ground and rites are performed and mantras chanted returning the body to Earth.

Water is filled ( half pot),son walks around the body in an anticlockwise direction three times,a hole is made in the pot at each perambulation(total three) and water is allowed to flow to the earth signifying the return to Water.

Fire is lit from the brazier to the body returning it to Fire in the condition the body came into being,that is bereft of anything.

Air,Vayu is worshipped along with Aakasa,Ether praying they take their composition in the body.

Food, in the form of Rice is offered to the body by relatives as the last food offered to the body stating that further food will be for the subtle body.

If the Thithi when cremating is different from the Thithi when death occurred,the ashes/bones are collected by the son wearing Kandankathri Vegetable,( which incidentally is an antibiotic to prevent infections from the bones that mat may be found in the ashes),on the day of death and is consigned to ocean.

There is no Theetu for the first two nazhikai from the time of death(40 minutes)

The Kartha must take bath after entering house,( he must enter the house  after washing his feet outside the the house,so must the others)

He should change to fresh Dhoti,not new and take light refreshments,no meals.

The light which was lit at the time of death near the body must be kept burning till 12th Day ceremony is complete.

Food is not to be prepared at home and it can be received from relatives.

Sandhyavandana is not to be performed for the first two days,the day of death and collection/immersion of ashes.

It has to be performed from day three.

If collection of Ashes is done on the same day of death,Sandhyavandana may be performed from the next day.

No other Vaidika Karma must be performed till the 13th day function is over.

The karmas to be performed from The Third day follows with meaning behind them

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Death Expenses Upto Thirteen Days Detail

So one need not be worried whether one has omitted some.
If the Purohit does not do the Dhanas after one has given him money, the Sin would accrue to him and not to the Kartha.
For the Thirteenth day, expenses for Food and Pooja materials(Pooaja materials might cost maximum Rs.500) is to be borne by the householder.


People are bewildered when it they have to conduct the Final rites of the deceased.

This is more complex and confusing in the case of Brahmins.

The reason is that the ceremonies are elaborate in terms of Mantras and the Dhanas/ the giveaways to the deserving are quite many .

And there are various interpretations.

Add to this the Sentiment value attached to events, especially Death.

To top it all you have all and sundry, well meaning though, confuse you.

So under the circumstances one has to address two major issues.

1. Mantras and Procedures.

2.The total expenses.

Under Mantras and expenses it is suggested that follow the suggestions of the Family Purohit.

In case you do not have one, contact Srinngeri/Kanchi Mutt for Purohit.

In places where these Mutts do not have their presence, check out the prominent temple in your city and you shall get the Purohit.

As to general rules to be followed please check my article Mourning Death Theetu Hindu Rituals.

As to expenses.

Thirteen days Rituals are prescribed.

While the first twelve days are Asubha Kaaryas,the Thirteenth Day is Auspicious, Subha.

In Hinduism, the Body, after Life has left, is called Sava, the physical body, sans Life.

However, at the spiritual level, the dead body,Sava is called ‘ Pretha’

Till the twelfth day the dead remain as Pretha and only after the Pindaas are joined to earlier Pitrus or ancestors, does the Pretha becomes A Pitru.

On the thirteenth day Subhasweekara/ Gruhayagnya is performed to denote auspiciousness.

There are rites to be performed from the day of death.

First day one cremates and on the next day collects the Ashes.

If the Cremation is done on the next Thithi( on the same day), this may change during the day depending on the Movement of rhe Moon, the Ashes may be collected on the same day of Death.

Expenses for these two days are approximately Rs. 15, 000/

This excludes what one may incur at the Cremation ground by way of tips to Cremation ground staff.

Many cremation grounds offer free service.

Other wise these expenses will have to be borne.

Sastras say that the Rites from day one to Thirteen are to be performed at Home.

However the practice now is to perform at the Gynavapis.

There are three types of perdorming these Rites.

Performing Tharpana from day one to ten.

Second option is to start from day seven.

And the third is to start on day Nine.

The approximate expenses from day three to Thirteen is Rs.60,000/.

This covers ,

Purohit Fees,

Gyanavapi Rental,

Materials for all the Rites, excluding the The Thirteenth day.

Food for 30 people from day seven to day twelve.

Dhana includes the following.

Land as token,

Umbrella,

Woollen blanket,

Chappal,

Deepa

Vastra,

Swarna.

Cow.

The above is an indication.

The fee mentioned includes all the Dhanas.

So one need not be worried whether one has omitted some.

If the Purohit does not do the Dhanas after one has given him money, the Sin would accrue to him and not to the Kartha.

For the Thirteenth day, expenses for Food and Pooja materials(Pooaja materials might cost maximum Rs.500) is to be borne by the householder.

The thirteenth day rite is to be conducted at Home and not anywhere else.

The above expenses as obtaining at Chennai in 2017.

Variation of about 10% is likely elsewhere.

In effect, expenses for thirteen days Rituals would be around Rs.75, 000/

This would do for the Karmas.

Anything above this would be at your convenience.

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Krishna Janmashtami Pooja Procedure Mantras Full

The personal approach God,of treating Him as a Hukan being and interacting with Him as one would with a Human being is unique to Hinduism.
For Hinduism, God is not someone who wields the stick when we err or offer carrots when we are in our best behaviour.


The personal approach God,of treating Him as a Human being and interacting with Him as one would with a Human being is unique to Hinduism.

For Hinduism, God is not someone who wields the stick when we err or offer carrots when we are in our best behaviour.

One has to reap the consequences of one’s actions and there is no escaping from it.

Krishna Janmashtami 2017.

14 August.

Muhurtha for Pooja.

Nishita Puja Time = 24:03+ to 24:47+
Duration = 0 Hours 43 Mins
Mid Night Moment = 24:25+
On 15th, Parana Time = After 17:39
On Parana Day Ashtami Tithi End Time = 17:39
Janmashtami without Rohini Nakshatra
*Vaishnava Krishna Janmashtami falls on 15/Aug/2017
For Vaishnava Janmashtami Next Day Parana Time = 05:54 (After Sunrise)
On Parana Day Ashtami got over before Sunrise
Janmashtami without Rohini Nakshatra
Lord Krishna as a child.Image.jpg
Krishna as a child

One does not and can not bribe God nor God is a Broker to intervene in the functioning of Cosmic Law.

Gods, when they take Avatars are bound by their actions as may be noticed from Rama, Krishna Avatars.

Then why do people perform Pooja?

Self realization is nothing but the rediscovering the true Nature of oneself, Sat, Chit and Ananda, Being, Consciousness and Bliss.

Human mind needs to be focussed from the myriad of Thoughts to concentrate on a Single Thought which would lead to the annihilation of Thoughts and one realizes the Self.

The Poojas are a tool to concentrate the Mind and to lead one towards Godhood.

When one connects with Reality at the emotional level, it becomes easier to practice Bhakthi Yoga.

This type of Approach is like Kindergarten and when one reaches Higher levels of Yoga and realizes BrahmanThe Self, the earlier approach of Pooja might seem silly.

But nobody can get a Doctorate without attending Kindergarten.

So performance of Poojas is vital.

In performing Poojas, there are processes of performing them ,

Five fold, Pancha Upachaara,

Shodasa Upachaara,Sixteen Fold and

Sixty four Fold.

Please read my articles on Upachaara.

I am providing the Sixteen Fold process of Pooja to be performed forcLord Krishna on Janmashtami,Krishnashtami, Gokulashtami.

One starts Poojas with Prayer to Ganesh, take right determination, Sankalpa and proceeds thus.

Dhyanam (ध्यानम्) Puja should begin with the meditation of Lord Krishna. Dhyana should be done in front of already installed Lord Krishna statue in front of you.

Following Mantra should be chanted while meditating on Lord Shri Krishna.

Om Tamadbhutam Balakam Ambujekshanam Chaturbhuja Shankha Gadadyudhayudam। Shri Vatsa Lakshmam Gala Shobhi Kaustubham Pitambaram Sandra Payoda Saubhagam॥ Maharha Vaidhurya Kiritakundala Tvisha Parishvakta Sahasrakundalam। Uddhama Kanchanagada Kanganadibhir Virochamanam Vasudeva Ekshata॥ Dhyayet Chaturbhujam Krishnam, Shankha Chakra Gadadharam। Pitambaradharam Devam Mala Kaustubhabhushitam॥ Om Shri Krishnaya Namah। Dhyanat Dhyanam Samarpayami॥

Avahanam (आवाहनं) After Dhyana of Lord Krishna, one should chant following Mantra in front of the Murti, by showing Aavahan Mudra (Aavahan Mudra is formed by joining both palms and folding both thumbs inwards).

Avahana Mantra

Om Sahasrashirsha Purushah Sahasrakshah Sahasrapat। Sa Bhumim Vishvato Vritva Atyatishthaddashangulam॥ Agachchha Devadevesha Tejorashe Jagatpate। Kriyamanam Maya Pujam, Grihana Surasattame॥ Avahayami Deva Tvam Vasudeva Kulodbhavam। Pratimayam Suvarnadinirmitayam Yathavidhi॥ Krishnam Cha Balabadhram Cha Vasudevam Cha Devakim। Nandagopa Yashodam Cha Subhadram Tatra Pujayet॥ Atma Devanam Bhuvanasya Garbho Yathavasham Charati Deveshah। Ghosha Idasya Shrnvire Na Rupam Tasmai Vatayahavisha Vidhema॥ Shri Kleem Krishnaya Namah, Saparivara Sahita, Shri Balakrishnam Avahayami॥

Asanam (आसनं) After Lord Krishna has been invoked, take five flowers in Anjali (by joining palm of both hands) and leave them in front of the Murti to offer seat to Shri Krishna while chanting following Mantra.

Asana Mantra

Purusha Evedagam Sarvam Yadbhutam Yachchha Bhavyam। Utamritatvasyeshanah Yadannenatirohati॥ Rajadhiraja Rajendra Balakrishna Mahipate। Ratna Simhasanam Tubhyam Dasyami Svikuru Prabho॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Asanam Samarpayami॥

Padya (पाद्य)

After offering seat to Lord Krishna offer Him water to wash the feet while chanting following Mantra.

Padyam Mantra Etavanasya Mahima Ato Jyayaganshcha Purushah। Padoasya Vishva Bhutani Tripadasyamritam Divi॥ Achyutananda Govinda Pranatarti Vinashana। Pahi Mam Pundarikaksha Prasida Purushottama॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Padoyo Padyam Samarpayami॥

Arghya (अर्घ्य) After Padya offering, offer water to Shri Krishna for head Abhishekam while chanting following Mantra. Arghyam Mantra.

Tripadurdhva Udaitpurushah Padoasyehabhavatpunah। Tato Vishvangvyakramat Sashananashane Abhi॥ Paripurna Parananda Namo Namo Krishnaya Vedhase। Grihanarghyam Maya Dattam Krishna Vishnorjanardana॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Arghyam Samarpayami॥

Achamaniyam (आचमनीयं) After Arghya offering, offer water to Shri Krishna for Achamana (water for sipping) while chanting following Mantra.

Achamana Mantra

Tasmadviradajayata Virajo Adhi Purushah। Sa Jato Atyarichyata Pashchadbhumimatho Purah॥ Namah Satyaya Shuddhaya Nityaya Jnana Rupine। Grihanachamanam Krishna Sarva Lokaika Nayaka॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Achamaniyam Samarpayami॥

Snanam (स्नानं) After Achamana, offer water to Shri Krishna for the bath while chanting following Mantra.

Snanam Mantra.

Yatpurushena Havisha Deva Yajnamatanvata। Vasanto Asyasidajyam Grishma Idhmashsharaddhavih॥ Brahmandodara Madhyasthaistithaishcha Raghunandana। Snapayishyamyaham Bhaktya Tvam Grihana Janardana॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Malapakarsha Snanam Samarpayami॥

Vastra (वस्त्र)

Now offer Moli (मोली) as new clothes to Shri Krishna while chanting following Mantra.

Vastra Mantra.

Om Tam Yajnam Barhishi Praukshan Purusham Jatamagratah। Tena Deva Ayajanta Sadhya Rishayashcha Ye॥ Om Upaitu Mam Devasakhah Kirtishcha Manina Saha। Pradurbhutoasmi Rashtresminkirtimriddhim Dadatu Me॥ Tapta Kanchana Samkasham Pitambaram Idam Hare। Samgrihana Jagannatha Balakrishna Namoastute॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah।

Vastrayugmam Samarpayami॥

Yajnopavita (यज्ञोपवीत) After Vastra offering, offer Yajnopavita to Shri Krishna while chanting following Mantra.

Yajnopavitam Mantra.

Tasmadyajnatsarvahutah Sambhritam Prishadajyam। Pashuganstaganshchakre Vayavyan Aranyan Gramyashchaye॥ Kshutpipasamalam Jyeshthamalakshmim Nashayamyaham। Abhutimasamriddhim Cha Sarvam Nirnudame Grihat॥ Shri Balakrishna Devesha Shridharananta Raghava। Brahmasutramchottariyam Grihana Yadunandana॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Yajnopavitam Samarpayami॥

Gandha (गन्ध) After Yajnopavita offering, offer scent to Shri Krishna while chanting following Mantra.

Gandha Mantra.

Tasmadyajnatsarvahutah Richah Samani Jajnire। Chhandansi Jajnire Tasmat Yajustasmadajayata॥ Gandhadwaram Duradharsham Nityapushtam Karishinim। Ishwarim Sarvabhutanam Tamihopahvaye Shriyam॥ Kumkumagaru Kasturi Karpuram Chandanam Tata। Tubhyam Dasyami Rajendra Shri Krishna Svikuru Prabho॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Gandham Samarpayami॥

Abharanam Hastabhushan (आभरणं हस्तभूषण)

Now offer jewellery (Abhushana) to Shri Krishna while chanting following Mantra.

Abharanam Hastabhushan Mantra Grihana Nanabharanani Krishnaya Nirmitani। Lalata Kanthottama Karna Hasta Nitamba Hastamguli Bhushanani॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Abharanani Samarpayami॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Hastabhushanam Samarpayami॥

Nana Parimala Dravya (नाना परिमल द्रव्य)

Now offer various fragrance stuffs to Lord Krishna while chanting following Mantra.

Nana Parimala Dravya Mantra Om Ahiriva Bhogaih Paryeti Bahum Jayaya Hetim Paribadhamanah। Hastaghno Vishva Vayunani Vidvanpumanpumamsam Pari Patu Vishvatah॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Nana Parimala Dravyam Samarpayami॥

Pushpa (पुष्प) Now offer flowers to Lord Krishna while chanting following Mantra.

Pushpa Mantra Malyadini Sugandhini, Malyatadini Vaiprabho। Maya Hritani Pujartham, Pushpani Pratigrihyatam॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Pushpani Samarpayami॥

Atha Angapuja (अथ अङ्गपूजा)

Now worship those Gods who are body parts of Shri Krishna itself. For that take Gandha, Akshata and Pushpa in left hand and leave them near to Lord Krishna Murti with right hand while chanting following Mantra(s).

Angapuja Mantra.

Om Shri Krishnaya Namah। Padau Pujayami॥ Om Rajivalochanaya Namah। Gulphau Pujayami॥ Om Narakantakaya Namah। Januni Pujayami॥ Om Vachaspataye Namah। Janghai Pujayami॥ Om Vishvarupaya Namah। Urun Pujayami॥ Om Balabhadranujaya Namah। Guhyam Pujayami॥ Om Vishvamurtaye Namah। Jaghanam Pujayami॥ Om Gopijana Priyaya Namah। Katim Pujayami॥ Om Paramatmane Namah। Udaram Pujayami॥ Om Shrikantaya Namah। Hridayam Pujayami॥ Om Yajnine Namah। Parshvau Pujayami॥ Om Trivikramaya Namah। Prishthadeham Pujayami॥ Om Padmanabhaya Namah। Skandhau Pujayami॥ Om Sarvastradharine Namah। Bahun Pujayami॥ Om Kamalanathaya Namah। Hastan Pujayami॥ Om Vasudevaya Namah। Kantham Pujayami॥ Om Sanatanaya Namah। Vadanam Pujayami॥ Om Vasudevatmajaya Namah। Nasikam Pujayami॥ Om Punyaya Namah। Shrotre Pujayami॥ Om Shrishaya Namah। Netrani Pujayami॥ Om Nandagopapriyaya Namah। Bhravau Pujayami॥ Om Devakinandanaya Namah। Bhrumadhyam Pujayami॥ Om Shakatasuramardhanaya Namah। Lalatam Pujayami॥ Om Shri Krishnaya Namah। Shirah Pujayami॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Sarvangani Pujayami॥ Dhupam (धूपं) Now offer Dhupa to Shri Krishna while chanting following Mantra. Dhupa Mantra Vanaspatyudbhavo Divyo Gandhadyo Gandha Uttamah। Balakrishna Mahipalo Dhupoyam Pratigrihyatam॥ Yatpurusham Vyadadhuh Katidha Vyakalpayan। Mukham Kimasya Kau Bahu Kavuru Padavuchyete॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah।

 

Now Chant Krishna Astotram and offer flowers.

 

Deepam (दीपं) Now offer Deep to Shri Krishna while chanting following Mantra.

Deepam Mantra Sajyam Trivarti Samyuktam Vahnina Yojitum Maya। Grihana Mangalam Deepam, Trailokya Timirapaham॥ Bhaktya Deepam Prayashchami Devaya Paramatmane। Trahi Mam Narakat Ghorat Deepam Jyotirnamostute॥ Brahmanosya Mukhamasit Bahu Rajanyah Kritah। Uru Tadasya Yadvaishyah Padbhyam Shudro Ajayata॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Deepam Darshayami॥

Naivedya (नैवेद्य) Now offer Naivedya to Shri Krishna while chanting following Mantra.

Naivedya Mantra Om Krishnaya Vidmahe Balabhadraya Dhimahi। Tanno Vishnu Prachodayat॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah॥ Nirvishi Karanarthe Tarksha Mudra। Amriti Karanarthe Dhenu Mudra। Pavitri Karanarthe Shankha Mudra। Sanrakshanarthe Chakra Mudra। Vipulamaya Karanarthe Meru Mudra। Om Satyantavartena Parishinchami। Bhoh! Swamin Bhojanartham Agachchhadi Vijnapya। Sauvarne Sthalivairye Manigana Khachite Goghritam Supakvam Bhakshyam Bhojyam Cha Lehyanapi Sakalamaham Joshyamna Nidhaya Nana Shakairupetam Samadhu Dadhi Ghritam Kshira Paniya Yuktam Tambulam Chapi Shri Krishnam Pratidivasamaham Manasa Chintayami॥ Adya Tishthati Yatkinchit Kalpitashchaparamgrihe Pakvannam Cha Paniyam Yathopaskara Samyutam Yathakalam Manushyarthe Mokshyamanam Shariribhih Tatsarvam Krishnapujastu Prayatam Me Janardana Sudharasam Suvipulam Aposhanamidam Tava Grihana Kalashanitam Yatheshtamupabhujjyatam॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Amritopastaranamasi Svaha। Om Pranatmane Narayanaya Svaha। Om Apanatmane Vasudevaya Svaha। Om Vyanatmane Sankarshanaya Svaha। Om Udanatmane Pradyumnaya Svaha। Om Samanatmane Aniruddhaya Svaha। Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Naivedyam Grihyatam Deva Bhakti Me Achalam Kuruh। Ipsitam Me Varam Dehi Ihatra Cha Param Gatim॥ Shri Krishna Namastubhyam Maha Naivedyam Uttamam। Sangrihana Surashreshtha Bhakti Mukti Pradayakam॥ Om Chandrama Manaso Jatah Chakshoh Suryo Ajayata। Mukhadindrashchagnishcha Pranadvayurajayata॥ Om Ardram Pushkarinim Pushtim Suvarnam Hemamalinim। Suryam Hiranmayim Lakshmim Jatavedo Ma Avaha॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Naivedyam Samarpayami॥ Sarvatra Amritopidhanyamasi Svaha। Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Uttaraposhanam Samarpayami॥

Tambulam (तांबूलं) Now offer Tambula (Paan with betel nuts) to Shri Krishna while chanting following Mantra.

Tambulam Mantra.

Pugiphalam Satambulam Nagavalli Dalairyutam। Tambulam Grihyatam Krishna Yela Lavanga Samyuktam॥ Om Shri Balakrishnayanamah। Pugiphala Tambulam Samarpayami॥

Dakshina (दक्षिणा).

Now offer Dakshina (gift) to Shri Krishna while chanting following Mantra. .

Achamana Mantra .

Hiranya Garbha Garbhastha Hemabija Vibhavasoh। Ananta Punya Phalada Athah Shantim Prayachchha Me॥ Om Shri Balakrishnayanamah। Suvarna Pushpa Dakshinam Samarpayami॥

Maha Nirajan (महा नीराजन) Now offer Nirajan (Aarti) to Shri Krishna while chanting following Mantra.

Maha Nirajan Mantra.

Om Shriyai Jatah Shriya Aniriyaya Shriyam Vayo Jaritribhyo Dadati Shriyam Vasana Amritattvamayan Bhavanti Satya Sa Mithamitadrau Shriya Evainam Tat Shriyamadadhati Santatamricha Vashatkrityam Santatyai Sandhiyate Prajaya Pashubhih Ya Evam Veda॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Mahanirajanam Deepam Samarpayami॥

Pradakshina (प्रदक्षिणा) Now offer symbolic Pradakshina (circumambulate from left to right of Shri Krishna) with flowers while chanting following Mantra.

Pradakshina Mantra.

Om Nabhya Asidantariksham Shirshno Dyauh Samavartata। Padabhyam Bhumirdishah Shrotrat Tatha Lokan Akalpayan॥ Ardram Yahkarinim Yashtim Pingalam Padmamalinim। Chandram Hiranmayim Lakshmim Jatavedo Ma Avaha॥ Yani Kani Cha Papani Janmantara Kritani Cha। Tani Tani Vinashyanti Pradakshine Pade Pade॥ Anyatha Sharanam Nasti Tvameva Sharnam Mama। Tasmat Karunya Bhavena Raksha Rakhsa Ramapate॥ Om Shri Balakrishnayanamah। Pradakshinan Samarpayami॥

Namaskar (नमस्कार) Now pay homage to Shri Krishna while chanting following Mantra.

Namaskar Mantra.

Namo Brahmanya Devaya Gobrahmanahitaya Cha। Jagadishaya Krishnaya Govindaya Namo Namah॥ Krishnaya Vasudevaya Haraye Paramatmane। Pranatakleshanashaya Govindaya Namo Namah॥ Namastubhyam Jagannatha Devakitanaya Prabho Vasudevatmajananda Yashodanandavardhana Govinda Gokuladara Gopikanta Namostute Saptasyasan Paridhayah Trissapta Samidhah Kritah। Deva Yadyajnam Tanvanah Abadhnanpurusham Pashum॥ Tam Ma Avaha Jatavedo Lakshmimanapagaminim। Yasyam Hiranyam Vindeyam Gamashvam Purushanaham॥ Namah Sarva Hitartaya Jagadadhara Hetave। Sashtangoyam Pranamaste Prayatnena Maya Kritah॥ Urusa Shirasa Drishtva Manasa Vachasa Tatha। Padbhyam Karabhyam Janubhyam Pranamoshtangam Uchyate॥ Shatyenapi Namaskaran Kurvatah Shrangapanaye। Shata Janmarchitam Papam Tatkshanadeva Nashyati॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Namaskaran Samarpayami॥

Kshamapan (क्षमापन) After Namaskar, seek pardon from Shri Krishna for any known-unknown mistakes done during Puja while chanting following Mantra.

Kshamapan Mantra Aparadha Sahasrani Kriyante Aharnisham Maya। Dasoayamiti Mam Matva Kshamasva Purushottama॥ Yantu Deva Ganah Sarve Pujam Adaya Parthivim। Ishta Kamyartha Siddhyartham Punaragamanaya Cha॥

॥Shri Krishnarpanamastu॥

Mantra citation and source.

http://www.drikpanchang.com/dashavatara/lord-krishna/janmashtami/puja-vidhi/krishna-janmashtami-puja-vidhi.html

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Rama’s Sister Shanta Married Rishyashringa

Later she was adopted by Romapada and Vershini.

Vershini was the elder sister of Kausalya.

Romapada was a friend of Dasaratha and studied with Dasaratha in the Ashram of Vasistha

She was married to Rishi Rishyashringa , son of Rishi Vibhantaka.

Shantha was well versed in the Vedas.

She was the Princess of Anga Desa.


Lord Rama had a sister, Shantha.

*She was the daughter of Dasaratha and Kausalya.

Rishyashringa with wife Shanta visits Ayodhya.jpg
Rishyashringa with wife Shanta visits Ayodhya. “Rsyasrnga travels to Ayodhya with Santa” by Govardhan , (Indian, Indian) Mughal dynasty – http://www.asia.si.edu/collections/singleObject.cfm?ObjectNumber=F1907.271.22. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rsyasrnga_travels_to_Ayodhya_with_Santa.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Rsyasrnga_travels_to_Ayodhya_with_Santa.jpg

Later she was adopted by Romapada and Vershini.

Vershini was the elder sister of Kausalya.

Romapada was a friend of Dasaratha and studied with Dasaratha in the Ashram of Vasistha

She was married to Rishi Rishyashringa , son of Rishi Vibhantaka.

Shantha was well versed in the Vedas.

She was the Princess of Anga Desa.

 

A king named Dasharatha will be born into Ikshwaku dynasty who will be very virtuous, resplendent and truthful one to his vow.” Said Sanat Kumara, the Sage.”King Dasharatha will befriend the king of Anga and the king of Anga will beget a fortunate girl named Shanta.

Shanta is said to be the daughter of Dasharatha and given to Romapada in adoption, and Rishyasringa marries her alone. This is what Sumantra says to Dasharatha at 1-9-19.

The son of the king of Anga, the earlier king of Anga kingdom, will be known as Romapada, or also know as Chitraratha, and the highly renowned king Dasharatha approaches Romapada. Then king Dasharatha says to king of Anga “oh, righteous one, I am childless and hence I intend to perform a Vedic ritual. Let the husband of your daughter Shanta, Sage Rishyasringa, preside over that Vedic ritual at you behest, for the sake of progeny in my dynasty.

Valmiki Ramaana , Bala Kanda Sarga 11

a~Nga raajena sakhyam ca tasya raaj~no bhaviSyati |

kanyaa ca asya mahaabhaagaa shaa.ntaa naama bhaviSyati || 1-11-3

3. tasya raaj~naH= to that, king [to Dasharatha]; anga raajena= with Anga, king of; sakhyam bhaviSyati= friendship, will happen; asya= his [for king of Anga]; mahaa bhaagaa= fortunate woman; Shanta; naama kanyaa bhaviSyati= named, daughter, will be there.

“King Dasharatha will befriend the king of Anga and the king of Anga will beget a fortunate girl named Shanta. [1-11-3]

anapatyo.asmi dharmaatman shaa.ntaa bhartaa mama kratum |

aahareta tvayaa aaj~naptaH sa.ntaanaartham kulasya ca || 1-11-5

5. dharmaatman= oh virtuous-soul; anapatyaH asmi= childless, I am; shantaa bhartaa tvaya aaj~nptaH= Shanta’s, husband, by you, instructed; mama kulasya santaana artham= for my, dynasty, for progeny, for the sake of; kratum aahareta= Vedic ritual, will preside over.

Then king Dasharatha says to king of Anga “oh, righteous one, I am childless and hence I intend to perform a Vedic ritual. Let the husband of your daughter Shanta, Sage Rishyasringa, preside over that Vedic ritual at you behest, for the sake of progeny in my dynasty. [1-11-5]

* There no evidence that Shanta was Dasaratha’s Daughter,according to Valmiki.

However, Sri.B.G.Kanuja,in his book Immortal Love of Ramayana, writes that Shanta was Dasaratha’s Daughter and was given in adoption to Romapada.

She was born on 12th March,4449 BC.

He quotes Valmiki Ramayana ,Canto 9 (?),Sloka 12?

I am unable to find the reference.

Scholars may clarify.

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2017/12/14/ramas-sister-shanta-born-4449-bcabandoned-by-dasaratha/