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Posts Tagged ‘Tamil Nadu’

Independent Tamil Culture Myth

In Hinduism, Tamils on July 24, 2014 at 10:54

The Myth of an independent,secular(?) Dravidian Culture has been and is propagated.

 

Let us see whether the Statement that the Dravidian, more specifically the Tamil Culture was/is independent of Sanatana Dharma, on the basis of historical and archaeological evidence.

Panyan Coin.jpg.

Pandyan coin depicting a temple between hill symbols and elephant, Pandyas, Sri Lanka, 1st century CE.

 

1.Tamil quotes Vedas right from the Sangam Age.

 

2.Vedas and Sanskrit quote Tamil and the land of Tamils, pointedly at Dravida, meaning south of the Vindhyas.

 

3.The earliest recorded Tamil Kingdom was Pandya Kingdom.

 

Lord Krishna visited the capital of Pandyas , Madurai.

 

Arjuna married a Pandyan Princess during his pilgrimage(see my post on this-Arjuna’s Pilgrimage)

 

Ancient Chera Kingdom was from 400 BC to 397 AD.

 

Sangam Cholas 300 BC to 240 AD.

 

Central Pandya  550 BC to 1311 AD.

 

The earliest Pandya to be found in epigraph is Nedunjeliyan, figuring in the Minakshipuram record assigned from the 2nd to the 1st centuries BC.

The record documents a gift of rock-cut beds, to a Jain ascetic.

Punch marked coins in the Pandya country dating from around the same time have also been found.

 

Jainism came after Vedic Period.

 

So when Jainism had made inroads the religion that was in existence was Hinduism even in Tamil Nadu.

 

This may be known by the gifts made by the Pandya Kings to Brahmins(Vediyar, Anthanar)

 

Again we have a reference to a Chera King who participated in the Mahabharata war;he fed both the Kaurava and Pandya Armies.

 

“Reference to Perum Chorru Udiyan Cheral Adan, in the second verse of thePurananuru, an earliest text of Sangam literature, is about his feeding the two armies of the Mahabharata battle.

 

And PT Srinivasa Iyengar states that Perunchoruudiyan Chealathan had granted 100 Velis (one Veli equals 100 acres) of land to Brahmins on the condition that he should see the smoke from the Homa from the Brahimn Agraharam daily

 

He also performed Tharpana, rituals for the dead, to those  who died in the Mahabharata war.

 

Hence the religion that was practiced in Tamil Nadu was Sanatana Dharma and not an independent Tamil Culture.

 

Based on the Aryan invasion theory, it was assumed that only Apasthamba came to the South that Hinduism was introduced.

 

This is incorrect.

 

The Five gems of Tamil Valayapathi, Kundalakesi,Seevaka Sinthamani,Silappathiparam and Manimekalai.

 

All these epics dating to BC (appx) refer to Vedic practices and Silappathikaram and  Seevaka Sinthamani Manimekalai refer to Buddhism and Jainism as well.

 

The canard of an independent Tamil Culture is a Myth.

 

How and Why.

And yet, such statements do not go deep enough, as they still imply a North-South contrast and an unknown Dravidian substratum over which the layer of �Aryan� culture was deposited. This view is only milder than that of the proponents of a �separate� and �secular� Dravidian culture, who insist on a physical and cultural Aryan-Dravidian clash as a result of which the pure �Dravidian� culture got swamped. As we have seen, archaeology, literature and Tamil tradition all fail to come up with the slightest hint of such a conflict. Rather, as far as the eye can see into the past there is every sign of a deep cultural interaction between North and South, which blossomed not through any �imposition� but in a natural and peaceful manner, as everywhere else in the subcontinent and beyond.

As regards an imaginary Dravidian �secularism� (another quite inept word to use in the Indian context), it has been posited by many scholars�: Marr,[56] Zvelebil[57] and others characterize Sangam poetry as �secular� and �pre-Aryan�[58] after severing its heroic or love themes from its strong spiritual undercurrents, in a feat typical of Western scholarship whose scrutiny always depends more on the magnifying glass than on the wide-angle lens. A far more insightful view comes from the historian M.�G.�S. Narayanan, who finds in Sangam literature �no trace of another, indigenous, culture other than what may be designated as tribal and primitive.�[59] He concludes�:

The Aryan-Dravidian or Aryan-Tamil dichotomy envisaged by some scholars may have to be given up since we are unable to come across anything which could be designated as purely Aryan or purely Dravidian in the character of South India of the Sangam Age. In view of this, the Sangam culture has to be looked upon as expressing in a local idiom all the essential features of classical �Hindu� culture.[ 60]

However, it is not as if the Tamil land passively received this culture�: in exchange it generously gave elements from its own rich temperament and spirit. In fact, all four Southern States massively added to every genre of Sanskrit literature, not to speak of the signal contributions of a Shankara, a Ramanuja or a Madhwa. Cultural kinship does not mean that there is nothing distinctive about South Indian tradition�; the Tamil land can justly be proud of its ancient language, culture and genius, which have a strong stamp and character of their own, as anyone who browses through Sangam texts can immediately see�: for all the mentions of gods, more often than not they just provide a backdrop�; what occupies the mind of the poets is the human side, its heroism or delicate emotions, its bouncy vitality, refined sensualism or its sweet love of Nature. �Vivid pictures of full-blooded life exhibiting itself in all its varied moods,� as Raghunathan puts it. �One cannot but be impressed by the extraordinary vitality, variety and richness of the poetic achievement of the old Tamil.�[61] Ganapathy Subbiah adds, �The aesthetic quality of many of the poems is breathtakingly refined.�[62] It is true also that the Tamil language developed its own literature along certain independent lines�; conventions of poetry, for instance, are strikingly original and more often than not different from those of Sanskrit literature.

More importantly, many scholars suggest that �the bhakti movement began in the Tamil country and later spread to North India.�[63] Subbiah, in a profound study, not only challenges the misconceived �secular� portrayal of the Sangam texts, but also the attribution of the Tamil bhakti to a northern origin�; rather, he suggests, it was distinctly a creation of Tamil culture, and Sangam literature �a reflection of the religious culture of the Tamils.�[64]

As regards the fundamental contributions of the South to temple architecture, music, dance and to the spread of Hindu culture to other South Asian countries, they are too well known to be repeated here. Besides, the region played a crucial role in preserving many important Sanskrit texts (a few Vedic recensions, Bhasa�s dramas, the Arthashastra for instance) better than the North was able to do, and even today some of India�s best Vedic scholars are found in Tamil Nadu and Kerala.[*] As Swami Vivekananda put it, �The South had been the repository of Vedic learning.�[65]

 

 

Citation .

 

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/

 

www.micheldanino.voiceofdharma.com/tamilculture.html

 

Lord Subrahmanya Murugan Foot Print

In Hinduism on July 20, 2014 at 08:46

Of the few major Deities mentioned in the Vedas ,Subrahmanya is One.

 

He is called Skanda in the Veda.

 

The ancient language Tamil venerate Him as the God of Tamil and He is the personification of Tamil.

 

The eighteen consonants and vowels are represented by Murugan, Murugu in Tamil means exquisitely beautiful, by His six faces and twelve forms.

 

He imparted Brahma Gnana to Brahma and even preached His Father, Lord Shiva.( The temple depicting this incident is Tiruthani, Tamil Nadu, where Lord Shiva kneels before Subrahmanya!

 

Pazhani Dhandayuthapani Raja Alankaram.jpg

Pazhani Dhandayuthapani Raja Alankaram.

 

One who realized Brahman is a Brahman.

 

In Sanskrit, when you add the prefix ‘su’, it means the ‘highest, best’

 

Of the Trimurtis Shiva is a Brahmin.

 

Subrahmanya is the Best or the Higher Brahmin for He taught Shiva!

 

Subramanyas’ footprints..

 

Murugan's footprint Jnanamalai Tamil Nadu,India.jpg.

Lord Subramanya’s Footprints,Jnana malai,Tamil Nadu,India. On the west side of Jnanamalai hillock there is a small Siva temple. Behind it one finds what appear to be deep footsteps in the rock. They appear as footprints on molten lava. Incidentally this is a volcanic mountain from all appearances. There is a local belief that these footsteps are those of Lord Muruga Himself.There is also a belief that Murugan visited this place after marrying Valli Amman in Vallimalai on way to Tiruttani. Tiruttani and Vallimalai form form a triangle with Jñāna Malai and both can be seen from this hill. Around the hill there is a lake and in the rainy season Jnanamalai looks like an island.

Murugan Footprint Palani.jpg

Murugan Footprint Palani.

Murugan Footprint Kinathukadavu.jpg

Murugan Footprint Kinathukadavu.Perched on the 600-ft. imposing hillock, adored as Kanakagiri, Sri Pon Velayudhaswami temple of Kinathukadavu (located midway between Pollachi and Coimbatore) has the glory and pride of place as one of the few shrines in Kongu Nadu, celebrated by Saint Arunagiri Nathar in his divine hymns. The hill shrine can be reached by climbing an easy flight of 200 neatly carved steps. The origin of the temple dates back to the thirteenth century. The temple was renovated by the rulers of Mysore

 

http://www.hindu.com/fr/2005/08/19/stories/2005081900330300.htm

 

Raja Alankaram Image Credit.

http://murugan.org/gallery/moolavars/pages/PazhaniDandayuthaSwamyRajaAlangaram.htm

Ancient India Maps With Kumari Kandam

In Hinduism, Tamils on July 11, 2014 at 13:20

While Scholars of the West and some Indians are prepared to accept Homer’s Iliad and Odysseus, the City of Troy, the same courtesy is not extended to Indian Sources,Puranas and Tamil Litrature.

 

Evidence pointing the existence of  Kumari Kandam , a Super continent  abounds in Tamil Literature .

 

Sanskrit texts allude to this.

 

The Sankalpa of Hindus say, Bharathak Kande’ not Kumarik Kande.

 

That there was a very rich culture in existence , south of Vindyas and that they had close relationship with Sanatana Dharma is evident.

 

Mahabharata quotes a list of  Tamil Kings who attended Draupadi’s Swayamvara.

 

The Tamil kings are named in the marriage ceremony of Lord Rama.

 

In Damayanti’s Swayamvara, the Tamil Kings are named.

 

Tamil literature , especially Silappathikaram, Manimekalai has copious references to Kumari Kandam.

 

Combining both Sanskrit and Tamil Histories together, research has been done and it  proves the existence of Kumari Kandam.

 

Maps of India at different ancient periods are as followed.

 

India with Sea levels in ancient periods.png

India with Sea levels in ancient periods.

India with Kumari Kandam 16,000 BCE.png

India with Kumari Kandam 16,000 BCE.

 

16,000 BCE:- The sea level rose from – 130 meters to -120 meters (10 meters in the 3500 years since 19,500 BCE). The Central Indian Ridge (CIR) – Sumatra – Diffuse plate boundary of Indian plate falls through Kumari Kandam. It is a region with anomalous seismic activity and is part of the Chagos Anomalous Seismicity Region. Due to this inter-plate deformation, the surface elevation in Kumari Kandam region dropped. As a result to the combined effect of the sea level rise and the surface elevation fall, Kumari Kandam started submerging.

India 14,000 BCE.png.

India 14,000 BCE,14,000 BCE:- Due to the combined effect of sea level rise and surface elevation drop more parts of Kumari Kandam submerged leaving many islands. Ten-Madurai city probably survived as an island. By 14,000 BCE, the sea level again rose 10 meters (-120 m to -110 m, in 2000 years). We cannot rule out floods, because sea-level rise was never gradual. It contained occasional sudden rise and gradual rise at other times.

India 9600 BCE.png

India 9600 BCE.9,600 BCE:- The southern stretch of Kumari Kandam is all gone. Ten-madurai city is now submerged. Kapatapuram / Kavaata is the new cultural center of Kumari Kandam which exist to the southern tip of what is left of Kumari Kandam. Sea level is now at -60 meters. In 4500 years since 14,000 BCE, sea level rose by 50 meters with two major rises interspersed with gradual rise.

 

History of Tamils by PT.Srinivasa Iengar.

 

Temple Where Elephant Worships Shiva In Chariot

In Hinduism on July 10, 2014 at 19:57

There is a famous temple in Tamil Nadu at Thiruvanaikkaval where Elephant worshiped Shiva.(Please read my post on this)

Airawateswara Temple,Darsuram.jpg

Airawateswara Temple,Darsuram.

 

There is another temple in Tamil Nadu at Darasuram, where Indra’s(chief of the Devathas)  elephant worshiped Shiva.

 

This is one of the major Temples built by king Raja Raja Chozhan, the others being Thanjavur Brahatheeswara Temple and Gangaikonda Choxhapuram.

 

The sculptures are exquisite and Darasuram is World Heritage site.

Airawateswara Temple Sanctum Sanctorum.jpg

Airawateswara Temple Sanctum Sanctorum.

 

 “Airavatesvara Temple is a Hindu temple of Dravidian architecture located in the town of Darasuram, near Kumbakonam in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. This temple, built by Rajaraja Chola II in the 12th century CE is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, along with the Brihadeeswara Temple at Thanjavur, the Gangaikondacholisvaram Temple at Gangaikonda Cholapuram that are referred to as the Great Living Chola Temples

Marthanda Bhairava,Darasuram.jpg

Airavatesvara temple_Main shrine-East Face_Ardhanarisvara-Martanda Bhairava Ardhanarisvara alias Martanda Bhairava: half male half female, standing on a rectangular pedestal, three heads, halo behind the heads, eight arms, right hands from top hold rosary, dagger, goad and lotus, left hands from top hold noose, open hand, club and skull-cup.

 

Shiva is here known as Airavateshvara, because he was worshipped at this temple by Airavata, the white elephant of the king of the gods, Indra. Legend has it that Airavata, while suffering from a change of colour curse from Sage Durvasa, had its colours restored by bathing in the sacred waters of this temple. This legend is commemorated by an image of Airavata with Indra seated in an inner shrine.[2] The temple and the presiding deity derive its name from this incident.

It is said that the King of Death, Yama also worshipped Shiva here. Tradition has it Yama, who was suffering under a Rishi’s curse from a burning sensation all over the body, was cured by the presiding deity Airavatesvarar. Yama took bath in the sacred tank and got rid of the burning sensation. Since then the tank has been known as Yamateertham.

 

How to reach.

 

The construction of a separate temple for Devi, slightly later than the main temple, indicates the emergence of Amman shrine as an essential component of the south Indian temple complex.

Ticket Rates:
Admission is free.
No fee for still photography/ videography with handheld cameras.
For all other types of photography and videography, the Superintending Archaeologist, A.S.I Chennai Circle, Chennai-9 may be contacted (Ph. 044- 25670396/25670397)

Hours of opening: 0630 hrs to 2030 hrs on all days.

Approach: Darasuram is a suburb of Kumbakonam(Rail and Bus station) and is about 290 km from Chennai. Kumbakonam is connected with Chennai by rail and road.

Citation.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Airavatesvara_Temple

Image Credit.

http://www.tulsimadam10.in/index.php?l=page_view&p=article_darasuram_temple

 

 

Rescheduled Anna University Counseling Dates

In Education on July 3, 2014 at 08:24

 

Rescheduled counseling will commence from July 7, 2014 in  Anna University( Counselling Schedule for Academic and Vocational Counselling, which was earlier postponed in view of the orders of Hon’ble Supreme Court.)
 
Counseling Dates Rescheduled  Anna University.Image.imge

Counseling Dates Rescheduled Anna University.

 

Candidates eligible for the TNEA 2014 Counselling are being informed through SMS.

 

Check below the detailed TNEA 2014 Counselling Schedule, indicating the date and time of counselling, based on the individual’s rank.

 

Click here to enter your TNEA rank, college & course preference and use the college predictor to predict the best college and course in Tamil Nadu.

 

Tamil Nadu Engineering Admission

Commonly called as: TNEA

 

Admission type: State Level

 

Conducting Institute: Anna University

 

TNEA 2014 General Academic Counseling for engineering admissions is rescheduled to commence from July 7, 2014 and it will continue till August 4, 2014, with the exception of July 29, 2014.

Source:

http://www.engineering.careers360.com/news/tnea-2014-counselling-rescheduled

 

Counselling Venue: Centre for Entrance Examinations & Admissions, Anna University, Chennai ‐ 600 025

 

TNEA 2014 Vocational Counselling is scheduled to be held from July 9 to 18, 2014.

 

Counselling Venue: Ramanujan Computing Centre, Anna University, Chennai ‐ 600 025

 

Successful candidates will be given admissions in various Engineering colleges in Tamil Nadu. Click here to download the complete list of TNEA 2014 Participating Institutes.

For detailed TNEA 2014 Counselling Schedule, click here.

 

 

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