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Posts Tagged ‘Spacetime’

Hinduism 14 Lokas Quantum Mutiverse Study

In Astrophysics, Hinduism on May 11, 2014 at 10:45

Fourteen Lokas or the Planes of Existence are described in Hinduim.

 

14 Patala-loka
13 Rasatala-loka
12 Mahatala-loka
11 Talatala-loka
10 Sutala-loka
09 Vitala-loka
08 Atala-loka
07 Bhur-loka
06 Bhuvar-loka
05 Svar-loka
04 Mahar-loka
03 Jana-loka
02 Tapa-loka
01 Satya-loka

 

 

 

There are two interpretations of the Lokas.

 

 

 

One is that these are The Stages of mental development in a Spiritual Journey.

 

 

 

Another is that these are Planes of Existence at other  levels, complying with Laws that are unique to them, Including the Laws of Physics.

 

 

 

The Cyclic Universe an Artist's Conception. jpg.

Artist concept of the cyclic universe.

 

 

 

 

 

 

They exist as our earth exists in Time and Space, where the Space Time concepts are different from ours.

 

 

 

It may be noted that the day of the Devas is equivalent to 100 Earth Years.

 

 

 

level I Multiverse, in the Universe, there are...

level I Multiverse, in the Universe, there are many observable areas(The observable areas are marked as red circled with a red cross on ther center) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

There is a Mention of Mandhaata visiting Brahma loka for a day and on returning to Earth  he finds that 100 Years have lapsed.

 

 

 

I feel that there are two different sets of Lokas that are being spoken in Hinduism.

 

 

 

There are references to Chandra and Surya Lokas, which are not listed in the 14 Lokas List.

 

 

 

These are called Chandra Mandala and Surya Mandala as well.

 

 

 

Mandala may probably mean the sub planetary systems around the Moon and Sun respectively

 

 

 

At the same time the Yoga Schools call various stages of mental development as the level of Chandra, which indicates Mind while Surya indicates

 

 

 

Intellect.

 

 

 

Taking these to mean and comparing them with the Quantum Theory which states that there are other planes where things exist and they do not obey

 

 

 

the Laws of our Earth’s  Physical laws.

 

 

 

Latest findings indicate that the Multi verses are Infinite and they depend on the Perceiver and his ability to perceive them.

 

 

 

Hinduism says exactly the same with Time being Cyclic.

 

Read my Post on Cyclic Theory of Time.

 

 

 

“So, the total number of possibilities accessible to any given observer is limited not only by the entropy of perturbations of metric produced by inflation and by the size of the cosmological horizon, but also by the number of degrees of freedom of an observer,” the physicists write.

 

Professor Arthur Holmes (1895-1965) geologist, professor at the University of Durham. He writes regarding the age of the earth in his great book, The Age of Earth (1913) as follows:

“Long before it became a scientific aspiration to estimate the age of the earth, many elaborate systems of the world chronology had been devised by the sages of antiquity. The most remarkable of these occult time-scales is that of the ancient Hindus, whose astonishing concept of the Earth’s duration has been traced back to Manusmriti, a sacred book.”

Alan Watts, a professor, graduate school dean and research fellow of Harvard University, drew heavily on the insights of Vedanta. Watts became well known in the 1960s as a pioneer in bringing Eastern philosophy to the West. He wrote:

“To the philosophers of India, however, Relativity is no new discovery, just as the concept of light years is no matter for astonishment to people used to thinking of time in millions of kalpas, ( A kalpa is about 4,320,000 years). The fact that the wise men of India have not been concerned with technological applications of this knowledge arises from the circumstance that technology is but one of innumerable ways of applying it.” 

When the Hindu calculation of the present age of the earth and the expanding universe could make Professor Holmes so astonished, the precision with which the Hindu calculation regarding the age of the entire Universe was made would make any man spellbound.

 

 

 

The multiverse (or meta-universe) is the hypothetical set of infinite or finite possible universes (including the historical universe we consistently experience) that together comprise everything that exists and can exist: the entirety of spacetimematter, and energy as well as the physical laws and constants that describe them. The various universes within the multiverse are sometimes called parallel universes.

 

The structure of the multiverse, the nature of each universe within it and the relationships among the various constituent universes, depend on the specific multiverse hypothesis considered. Multiple universes have been hypothesized in cosmologyphysics,astronomyreligionphilosophytranspersonal psychology and fiction, particularly in science fiction and fantasy. In these contexts, parallel universes are also called “alternative universes”, “quantum universes”, “interpenetrating dimensions”, “parallel dimensions”, “parallel worlds”, “alternative realities”, “alternative timelines”, and “dimensional planes,” among others. The term ‘multiverse’ was coined in 1895 by the American philosopher and psychologist William James in a different context.[1]

 

The multiverse hypothesis is a source of disagreement within the physics community. Physicists disagree about whether the multiverse exists, and whether the multiverse is a proper subject of scientific inquiry.[2] Supporters of one of the multiverse hypotheses include Stephen Hawking,[3] Steven Weinberg,[4] Brian GreeneMax Tegmark, and Alex Vilenkin. In contrast, critics such as David Gross,[5] Paul Steinhardt,[6] and Paul Davies have argued that the multiverse question is philosophical rather than scientific, or even that the multiverse hypothesis is harmful or pseudoscientific.”

 

Citations.

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multiverse

http://sundaysatsang.blogspot.in/2010/12/hindu-cosmology-14-lokas-and-modern.html

 

http://www.universetoday.com/42696/if-we-live-in-a-multiverse-how-many-are-there/#ixzz31NbiHWr3

 

 

 

Related articles.

 

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Dreaming, Wakefulness A Thin Line

In Behavior on December 22, 2013 at 17:44

Recently I saw a Film, ‘1408’

Sleep parameters.

Biological State of Sleep

It deals with a study of dreams and waking state.

One can no call the film as belong to the genre of Horror,Thriller.

I would classify it as an exploratory film on the frontiers of the Human State .

A non believer in Ghosts and Religion in general checks into a known haunted Hotel Room despite advised to the contrary.

Within a few minutes he experiences things that are not normal and he is terrified his reasoning power notwithstanding.

He meets up with his Father and daughter and is tormented between his beliefs and what he is experiencing.

He comes out of this situation though he has been told it was not possible,only find he had not come out of it.

He comes out again and his estranged wife who as skeptical about his experiences starts to believe when she hears the voice of her daughter in the Recording hr husband had made while in the Hotel Room.

The film ends with a distinct feeling to the watcher of the fIlm even this last sequence might be a Draem or a sleeping State.

This post is not about the Film but about the Human Sates of,

Waking,

Dreaming,

Deep Sleep and

Beyond.

Researchers into Sleep classify Sleep into

1.REM Rapid Eye Movement-initial state of the Sleep.

2.Dreaming and

3 Deep Sleep.

Alpha and Beta waves are prominently detected for I and 2 respectively and Delta wave is found in the Deep Sleep State.

This is all the maximum explanation Science could provide biologically on Sleeping?Slumber apart from making loud noises about the Brain needing rest, the body recharging during sleep.

Psychologists as usual try everything under the sun for explaining away Sleep.

Sigmund Freud says it is the repressed desires expressing themselves , Jung states it is the Human personality asserting itself in Sleep.

Behaviorist say, well, it is Behavior!

But the main question has not been answered.

What happens during Sleep and what is dreaming and deep sleep?

Buddhist  Schools speak of the Etheric body, Astral Body

The Astral body leaves and experiences as befits individual Karma and returns.

The Vedas. especially Advaita classifies Sleep State into Four.

1.Jagrat-Wakefulness, the state we are normally in.

2.Swapna-The Dreaming State.

3.Sushupti-The Deep dreamless state and

4.Thuriya-Beyond Deep Sleep ans a step towards Self Realization.

The Self lies beyond.

Adi Sankara explains that these states are the manifestations of Consciousness,,Universal Consciousness , not individual Consciousness.

A Yogi and a seeker of Truth goes beyond this fourth State.

This is what Lord Krishna means in the Second Chapter of The Bhagavad Gita when he says ,

Yogi keeps awake while the whole world is asleep and sleeps when every one is awake.

Come to think of it we can not be sure whether I am awake writing this Post or this is a part of a Dream I am going through.

The Film Matrix series and of late th Film Inception was based on similar lines,though they based it on SpaceTime and Co-ordinates.

Some dreams are so vividly real we wake up shaking .

Rene Descartes the Great Rationalist( Philosophical term , not to be confused with the self-styled rationalist jokers like Karunanidhi and Kamal Hassan) proves the Existence of God the External World and Mind.

While describing the process of enquiry he says he can not trust his senses for they are not always right.

He can not trust others’ words as the truth for he does not know whether they can be relied upon.

As he goes on in this vein he exclaims,

” Am I awake or Dreaming, May be It Real world I was experiencing when I was dreaming and this world might be a Dream.

True the thin line between Dream and Wakefulness is blurred.

I do not know.

The Fil 1408 Trailer.

Gravity Assumptions Galore.

In Astrophysics, Society on December 31, 2012 at 11:48

Gravity is the Force that appears to attract Physical Bodies towards each other’.

Let’s see how much we know about it.

 

Note the Definition, ‘appears to attract’ – We are not sure.

 

Einstein’s Views -‘Theory of  General Relativity‘ as applied to Gravity.

 

Space and Time , Spacetime condition Gravity.

 

General relativity, or the general theory of relativity, is the geometric theory of gravitation published by Albert Einstein in 1916[1] and the current description of gravitation in modern physics. General relativity generalises special relativity and Newton’s law of universal gravitation, providing a unified description of gravity as a geometric property of space and time, or spacetime. In particular, the curvature of spacetime is directly related to the energy and momentum of whatever matter and radiation are present. The relation is specified by the Einstein field equations, a system of partial differential equations.”…

 

Some predictions of general relativity differ significantly from those of classical physics, especially concerning the passage of time, the geometry of space, the motion of bodies in free fall, and the propagation of light. Examples of such differences include gravitational time dilationgravitational lensing, the gravitational redshift of light, and the gravitational time delay. The predictions of general relativity have been confirmed in all observations and experiments to date. Although general relativity is not the only relativistic theory of gravity, it is the simplest theory that is consistent with experimental data. However, unanswered questions remain, the most fundamental being how general relativity can be reconciled with the laws of quantum physics to produce a complete and self-consistent theory of quantum gravity.

(wiki)

 

 

Space is curved(please read my blogs under Astrophysics).

 

Have we defined Space, Tie?

 

No.

 

Consequently Gravitation as influenced by Spacetime,at best, remains a conjecture.

 

Space time and Gravitation

Two-dimensional analogy of spacetime distortion generated by the mass of an object. Matter changes the geometry of spacetime, this (curved) geometry being interpreted as gravity. White lines do not represent the curvature of space but instead represent the coordinate system imposed on the curved spacetime, which would be rectilinear in a flat spacetime.

 

Newton on Gravity(theory discared, yet being used in Calculations)

 

” “I deduced that the forces which keep the planets in their orbs must [be] reciprocally as the squares of their distances from the centers about which they revolve: and thereby compared the force requisite to keep the Moon in her Orb with the force of gravity at the surface of the Earth; and found them answer pretty nearly’…

 

Although Newton’s theory has been superseded, most modern non-relativistic gravitational calculations are still made using Newton’s theory because it is a much simpler theory to work with than general relativity, and gives sufficiently accurate results for most applications involving sufficiently small masses, speeds and energies.’

 

Irrespective of the fact whether our Theory is Right or Wrong, Principles of Nature work,so much for Science.

 

By the way , can some one forward me the exact definition of Nature?

 

Earth’s Gravity.

 

a) Earth is ‘assumed’ to be surrounded by its own Gravitational Filed, which exerts an attractive force on all objects. Assuming a spherically symmetrical planet, the strength of this field at any given point is proportional to the planetary body’s mass and inversely proportional to the square of the distance from the center of the body….

 

The fundamental is an Assumption.

 

Again, ‘ This means that, ignoring air resistance, an object falling freely near the Earth’s surface increases its velocity by 9.81 m/s (32.2 ft/s or 22 mph) for each second of its descent. Thus, an object starting from rest will attain a velocity of 9.81 m/s (32.2 ft/s) after one second, 19.62 m/s (64.4 ft/s) after two seconds, and so on, adding 9.81 m/s (32.2 ft/s) to each resulting velocity. Also, again ignoring air resistance, any and all objects, when dropped from the same height, will hit the ground at the same time.

 

Assumptions.

 

‘The strength of the gravitational field is numerically equal to the acceleration of objects under its influence, and its value at the Earth’s surface, denoted g, is approximately expressed below as thestandard average.

g = 9.81 m/s2 = 32.2 ft/s2′

We want to know Earth’s Gravitation, that is what we want to prove.

Acceleration of Bodies is determined the force of Gravitation.

So when we rely on the Acceleration of Objects under the influence of the Earths’ gravitation , have we not already assumed Earth’s  Gravity?

We also ignore the effect of Electromagnetism and other forces at work,EM being dependent on Gravitation or is the other way around?

The Theory is riddled with Assumptions and leaping to conclusions.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gravitation#Newton.27s_theory_of_gravitation

 

Chinese Scientists have found a way to measure Gravity and it throws Spanner in the works.

 

‘By conducting six observations of total and annular solar eclipses, as well as Earth tides, a team headed by Tang Keyun, a researcher with the Institute of Geology and Geophysics under the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), found that the Newtonian Earth tide formula includes a factor related to the propagation of gravity.

“Earth tide” refers to a small change in the Earth’s surface caused by the gravity of the moon and sun.

Based on the data, the team, with the participation of the China Earthquake Administration and the University of the CAS, found that gravitational force released from the sun and gravitational force recorded at ground stations on Earth did not travel at the same speed, with the time difference exactly the same as the time it takes for light to travel from the sun to observation stations on Earth.

[…] By applying the new data to the propagation equation of gravity, the team found that the speed of gravity is about 0.93 to 1.05 times the speed of light with a relative error of about 5 percent, providing the first set of strong evidence showing that gravity travels at the speed of light.”

 

http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2012/12/chinese-scientists-find-evidence-for-speed-of-gravity/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+chinadigitaltimes%2FbKzO+%28China+Digital+Times+%28CDT%29%29

 

 

 

 

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‘Universe A Master Computer Controlled’. Confirms Indian Thought.

In Astrophysics, Hinduism, India, Indian Philosophy on December 19, 2012 at 11:10

Recent Studies on the Universe speculate that there may be 10,500 Universes with different laws of Physics.

Based on String Theory this Study suggests that we might be a controlled by a Master Computer Programme with set patterns.

There could be a Super Computer controlling the Universes.

This Theory may be new to the West.

Indian philosophy ,asserts this Principle at different levels and systems.

1. Advaita.Or Non-Dualism postulates that the Universal basic Principle is One and That is called  Brahman.

This Principle is the essence of Being,Knowledge and Bliss.

The world as we see it is an Illusion(Maya).

(This Illusion is called as ‘Avidya or Nescience’ at the individual level and ‘Maya’or Illusion at the Macro level)

It is not to say that it does not Exist.

It has a Relative existence with in the laid down parameters.

The other Existence is called Absolute ‘where the words do not reach, nor thoughts operate’.

At this Absolute level, there are no Attributes or Qualities ,to use a common word.

This is Called the Nirguna Brahman.

Then what about the World we see and Live?

As said earlier it also Exists,though in a limited sense, with the qualities that can be perceived by the organs provided to us and also the make up of the External universe.

These Perceptions we have of our Daily Universe is limited in Space and Time, that is Finite,for we have the Mind is limited by its inability  to perceive without reference to Space and Time.

Immanuel Kant put it simple ‘Time and Space are the Goggles through which we perceive’

So the Universe is Finite for we conditioned to perceive the limited or the limited Nature of the Universe.

The different Universes that exist are regulated by other Laws and the Perceptive organs and the Laws are totally different.

There are 14 levels of Existence, each being controlled thus.

2.Theory of Karma. Karma means action.

Every action performed produces equal and opposite reaction.

When we complete an action, we have excluded the other choices presented to us.

Any choice presented has a set pattern.

So when only one option is taken the balance remain.

Action is a form of energy and once available can not be destroyed but can be changed.

Hence the opposite reactions for our actions and the remaining actions remain even after completion of action.

This remnant  Energy , since it originates from the Doer, the reactions are limited to the Doer alone.

This in short is the abstract of Karma Theory.

Karma is of three kinds.

Sanchita Karma-Total accumulation of the reactions of the actions of the  individual.

What ever we under go is due to a portion of the Karma that is taken out of the totality, Sanchita Karrma.

This Karma is called Prarabda Karma

The balance of the Sanchita Karma will take its course.

Then what about the actions we perform?

This is called Kriyamaana Karma which will yield results and to use banking term, will be credited or debited to your account.

An extension of this thought proves the existence of Life after Death and Rebirth.

As the quality of actions and consequently the reactions differ , one is assigned to different levels of Existence.

Buddhism,Jainism.The Theory of Karma is applied more stringently.Things differ from each other because of the rate at which they vibrate,

Higher the vibration subtler it becomes.

Lower it becomes Gross.

Actions create vasanas and vibrations and these results assign one to different levels of existence and worlds.

For more details please read my blogs filed under Indian Philosophy,Religion,Hinduism and for a detailed explanation of Time Theory refer my blog Time a Non Linear Theory.

Universe

universesandbox

“Imagine the situation where we get a big enough computer to simulate our universe, and we start such a simulation on our computers,” said professor Martin Savage, a physicists working on the project. “If that simulation runs long enough, and have same laws as our universe, then something like our universe will emerge within that simulations, and the situation will repeat itself within each simulation,” he said.

The current understanding of string theory indicates that there are 10,500 universes with different laws that determine the behaviour of particles within them, he said.

“So it is certainly true, that with enough computer resources, theorists would like to explore these universes ,” he added.

Explaining how the experiment works, physicists claim that finite computer resources mean that space time is not continuous but set on a grid with a finite volume, designed to create maximum energy subatomic particles. The direction these particles flow in will depend on how they are ordered on the grid. They will be looking at the distribution of the highest energy cosmic rays in order to detect patterns that could suggest that universe is the creation of some futuristic computer technology.

And if it does turns out that we are mere players in some sort of computer programme, they suggested that there may be a way to mess with the program, and play with the minds of our creators. “One could imagine trying to figure out how to manipulate the code, communicate with the code and questions that appear weird to consider today,” he said…

http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2012-12-17/science/35868462_1_computer-resources-universe-simulation

The point that we can manipulate the master code is fallacious as the Finite can not manipulate the Infinite .

Some things never change. Physicists call them the constants of nature. Such quantities as the velocity of light, c, Newton’s constant of gravitation, G, and the mass of the electron, me, are assumed to be the same at all places and times in the universe. They form the scaffolding around which the theories of physics are erected, and they define the fabric of our universe. …

In recent years, however, the status of the constants has grown more muddled, not less. Researchers have found that the best candidate for a theory of everything, the variant of string theory called M-theory, is self-consistent only if the universe has more than four dimensions of space and time – as many as seven more. One implication is that the constants we observe may not, in fact, be the truly fundamental ones. Those live in the full higher-dimensional space, and we see only their three-dimensional “shadows.” …

In fact, string theory allows for a vast number – 10,500 – of possible “worlds” with different self-consistent sets of laws and constants. …

The constants are a tantalizing mystery. Every equation of physics is filled with them, and they seem so prosaic that people tend to forget how unaccountable their values are. Their origin is bound up with some of the grandest questions of modern science, from the unification of physics to the expansion of the universe.

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/06/26/weekinreview/26read.html?_r=0

After measuring alpha in around 300 distant galaxies, a consistency emerged: this magic number, which tells us the strength of electromagnetism, is not the same everywhere as it is here on Earth, and seems to vary continuously along a preferred axis through the universe,” Professor John Webb from the University of New South Wales said.

“The implications for our current understanding of science are profound. If the laws of physics turn out to be merely ‘local by-laws’, it might be that whilst our observable part of the universe favours the existence of life and human beings, other far more distant regions may exist where different laws preclude the formation of life, at least as we know it.”(science Daily.com)

 

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Time 4, Cyclic-Explained with Slow Motion,Ultra Motion.

In Astrophysics, Time on October 17, 2012 at 08:14

Time, as  seen, is relative.

'timewarp02.'jpg

Time Warp.

 

Time in Indian philosophy is an Attribute of Reality, so is Space.
The Cyclic Theory of Time overcomes the Non Linear Theory of Time in that there is no seeming contradiction in comprehending different time scales.

 

to illustrate,; you take a snap of an action, say a cricket match with two different cameras, one with a higher speed and another with ultra slow speed.

 

If a catch has been under dispute, the ultra slow motion camera will show the exact action, that is, whether the catch has been taken cleanly by the fielder.

 

The same information will not be available in a High speed camera.

 

One camera shows an action and another does not show it.

 

Which is True in relation to Time?

 

That is to say, one instrument recording the event for the same period does not show it, though it should have passed the time at which the event has taken place and the other shows the same event, which it has passed.

 

Recordings provide us with two projections.

 

Ordinary  Daily events we see are recorded here in Ultra Slow motion and In Fast Mode.

 

Which ‘Seeing is Correct?’

 

What do we See?

 

 

 

 

If it is due to the quality of instrument, then can we not say each one of them is correct or both of them are wrong?

 

So when we talk about Perception, Time factor is one of the coordinates we do not know much about, if we accept Linear Theory.

 

If we accept Cyclic Theory, we can say the event has happened and not happened.

 

The difference is the relative positioning.

 
Again, an event is a form of energy.

 

Energy can neither be created nor destroyed.

 

If we accept the Theory of Linear Time, we have to say the event is no more or is destroyed.

 

Under Cyclic Theory, this does not happen as everything happens, happened and will happen at the same time.
Recent researches on Human Brain have shown that the Brain anticipates action yet to take place and keeps the senses like eyes to receive the message and in fact receives (ref. TOI Aug 08) the message ahead of the event.

 

Time moves both forwards and backwards .Time is a Stream; so is Space. Per se they are Absolute. They are Relative to the observer.

 

To put it in simpler words ,things exist in Space and Time at all times irrespective of your positioning and what we say to-day has happened ,is now happening at another level for an observer positioned to observe it.

 

For them, our Universe is Past. Similarly for another observer, what we see as future, may be Present.

**

If we accept the Linear Theory of Time, we can not account for the time factor.

(This leaves an interesting question. Do we really see what we see?
Do we prove the existence of eyes because the scenes are seen or do we see things because we have eyes?)

 

We will be able to Realize Self when we transcend Space and Time.

 

Related:

What is Reality? Stephen Hawking asks..

http://www.time.com/time/arts/article/0,8599,2017262,00.html?xid=rss-topstories

 

Related.

http://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2012/10/16/time-non-linear-3-hinduism-explains-how/

Read more articles on Time in this site , filed under ‘Time/Astrophysics’.

 

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