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Posts Tagged ‘Science’

Laws Of Motion Gravity Trigonometry Hindu Texts

In Hinduism, Science on April 22, 2014 at 13:02

I have posted some articles on the advanced concepts of Hinduism, some of them are over 5000 years old.

 

I had recently delivered a lecture on Quantum, Hinduism and the unlocking of natures secrets through Gayatri.

 

As I was lecturing a senior scientist from a reputed Institution was so upset that when I was proving the inadequacy of Science especially Newton, in explaining many physical events both atomic and in Astrophysics,he interrupted me that None should speak ill of Newton.

 

My reply from the podium was that when I am talking Vedas and about Shankaracharya, Newton does not come anywhere near and asked the gentleman to wait till I complete the lecture.

 

I continued with the arguments in the lecture.

 

I shall deal with the details of the lecture in a separate post.

 

It is a different matter that the gentlemen met my friend and informed he shall read Sanskrit and Shankara before talking about these issues.

 

Now let us see in this post what our Vedas and ancient texts say on Laws of Motion,Gravity?

 

Designing of Spaceships Hindus Sundara Vimana,

Sundara Vimana,Holo-gravitic buoyancy drive image credit. http://projectavalon.net/forum4/showthread.php?66925-Holo-gravitic-buoyancy-drive

 

Quote:

 

The words gravity and gravitational pull are generally translated into Indian
languages as “GURUTVA AKARSHANA SHAKTI”. The word ‘Gurutva’ means ‘mass’
and ‘Aakarshana’ means ‘attractive pull’. The very name indicates that the ancient
Indians observed some relation between the mass of a body and the gravitational pull.

The Taittiriya branch of Krishna Yajurveda says -


    
   
This means, the sun is holding the earth and the heaven in the space. The sun has
the power of attraction (kristheeh) and shines without interruption.
The word “Kristhee” in the above sentence is derived from the root “krish” which
has no other meaning, but attraction. Saying that the sun is holding the earth in the space
through his power of attraction, implies that the earth also is a body with a different type
of force of attraction. Otherwise, if the sun is like a magnetic ball and the earth is like an
iron ball, they would have collided with each other long back. The same idea is reflected
very clearly in the following famous Sloka of Varahamihira (6th century AD)

….

The ball of the earth which is made up of the five fundamental elements, is placed
in the center of a cage, which is made up of the stars of the galaxy and hence it is hanging
in the sky, like an iron ball in the center of a cage of magnetic balls.

The word “Panchabhoota Maya” in the above Sloka is important.

In the context of the solar system, our ancestors did not see the earth as a simple
mass of mud. The globe of earth, the oceans, the air and the clouds around it put together,
is treated as “Bhugola”.

Bhaskaraacharya (12th century AD) made this very clear in his “Goladhyaya” of
Siddhanta Siromani. ….

The Surya Siddhanta is one of the earliest doctrines or traditions (siddhanta) in archaeo-astronomy of the Hindus. Its original version is by an unknown author. It describes the archeo-astronomy theories, principles and methods of the ancient Hindus. This siddhanta is supposed to be the knowledge that the Sun god gave to an Asura called Maya. Asuras were enemies of the Deva, the Gods of Hindus. Asuras were believed to be residents of the nether worlds.

Significant coverage is on kinds of time, length of the year of gods and demons, day and night of god Brahma, the elapsed period since creation, how planets move eastwards and sidereal revolution. The lengths of the Earth’s diameter, circumference are also given. Eclipses and color of the eclipsed portion of the moon is mentioned. This explains the archeo-astronomical basis for the sequence of days of the week named after the Sun, Moon, etc. Musings that there is no above and below and that movement of the starry sphere is left to right for Asuras makes interesting reading.

Varahamihira in his Panchasiddhantika contrasts it with four other treatises, besides the Paitamaha Siddhantas (which is more similar to the “classical” Vedanga Jyotisha), thePaulisha and Romaka Siddhantas (directly based on Hellenistic astronomy) and the Vasishta Siddhanta. Citation of the Surya Siddhanta is also found in the works of Aryabhata

The table of contents in this text are:

  1. The Mean Motions of the Planets[notes 1]
  2. True Places of the Planets
  3. Direction, Place and Time
  4. The Moon and Eclipses
  5. The Sun and Eclipses
  6. The Projection of Eclipses
  7. Planetary Conjunctions
  8. Of the Stars
  9. Risings and Settings
  10. The Moon’s Risings and Settings
  11. Certain Malignant Aspects of the Sun and Moon
  12. Cosmogony, Geography, and Dimensions of the Creation
  13. The Gnomon
  14. The Movement of the Heavens and Human Activity.

 

Trignometry.

The Surya Siddhanta contains the roots of modern trigonometry. It uses sine (jya), cosine (kojya or “perpendicular sine”) and inverse sine (otkram jya) for the first time, and also contains the earliest use of the tangent and secant when discussing the shadow cast by a gnomon in verses 21–22 of Chapter 3:

Of [the sun's meridian zenith distance] find the jya (“base sine”) and kojya (cosine or “perpendicular sine”). If then the jya and radius be multiplied respectively by the measure of the gnomon in digits, and divided by the kojya, the results are the shadow and hypotenuse at mid-day.

In modern notation, this gives the shadow of the gnomon at midday as

s = \frac{g \sin \theta}{\cos \theta} = g \tan \theta

and the hypotenuse of the gnomon at midday as

h = \frac{g r}{\cos \theta} = g r \frac{1}{\cos \theta} = g r \sec \theta

where \ g is the measure of the gnomon, \ r is the radius of the gnomon, \ s is the shadow of the gnomon, and \ h is the hypotenuse of the gnomon.

 

Citations.

 

Laws of Motion Gravity Hinduism

 

Surya Siddhanta wiki

 

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Wireless Genetics DNA Quantum Field In Vedas

In Hinduism, Science on April 22, 2014 at 09:22

The world is composed of Atoms.

Its configuration makes things as different.

A Table, A Pot or a Galaxy are essentially the same if one were to take into account their atomic structure.

Each looks different  because its Atoms are arranged differently.

Things appear the way they do is because of the wave length of the one who perceives things.

We are endowed with some qualities to perceive certain things, hear some things……

For instance, our eyes can see light rays falling in between the Ultraviolet and the Infra-red of the Spectrum because the Wave length of the Ultraviolet

rays are longer than what we can see and the Infra-red shorter.

 

All these vibrate, right from the Massive objects in the galaxies to the sub atomic particles.

These particles ,when they vibrate create Motion and energy.

When thee energies/ vibration are in such a frequency that can be perceived by the instruments they are known.

If we can set our frequencies to this level we can perceive them.

 

Now as things vibrate they are also susceptible to being affected by the vibrations of the other objects.

 

This means any vibration in the Universe affects every one/ every thing else.

This forms the Fundamental element of Unified Field Theory of Higher Physics.

At a still advanced level in Quantum, this field id is a Vacuum, called the Quantum Vacuum Filed (QVF)

Till this point Quantum has reached a level of agreement with Hindu philosophy.

 

Mohan Je Daro Seals

Vedic Seals Moha Je Daro

Hindu philosophy goes further and Quantum is yet to understand this.

Things that vibrate affect the things that are seen and perceived and they alter the seen, perceived object.

It is to say that your mental thoughts have the power of altering what you see or perceive.

This too has been accepted and proved by Quantum

What is to be understood by the Quantum is that these vibrations are applicable to genetics too.

DNAs vibrate , they affect other DNAs, yours and others as well.

 

Read these from ancient Hindu Texts, excerpts are given below.

 

Accepted theory about the DNA is that it was first isolated by Swiss physician Friedrich Miescher in 1869. Its double helix structure was first revealed by Watson and Crick in 1953 which is the acceptable structure till date.Dr Trivedi claims that the evidence of the discovery of DNA and the cell division process are visible in the archeological seals and stones of the Mohenjo and Daro settlements. 

“The DNA was termed as Tvashta and Vivasvat in Vedas. Its pictorial representation is visible on the seals of the Indus Valley civilization,” says Dr Trivedi.According to the scholar, group of tiny seals expresses evolution of the creation from pre-cosmic condition to evolution of man symbolically in chronological order. The pictorial representation on the seals is akin to the detailed structure of DNA and the gene transfer process as depicted in the modern day science, he says. 

Dr Trivedi earlier wrote to the prime minister office about his claims on DNA. “The PMO forwarded my request to the department of culture, Government of India. But nothing has happened since then,” he rues. Dr Trivedi has presented several papers on evidence of DNA in Vedic interpretations abroad. “I recently presented my paper in Athens and my findings received great appreciation there,” said Dr Trivedi. “

 

The first-created: water consists of H2O, it has been expressed by three warm the Earth while holding water reservoir, and from their separation came the letter, and two of these convey the murmuring moisture is H+ & OH־ ions.  It expresses the phenomena of ionization Rig-Veda 10- 27-23.”

 

 The DNA replication is regulated by the Triple bond of Hydrogen  H ≡ H Rig-Veda 1-163 .

 

The building block of the Creation is Atom and the building block of the living-beings is DNA De oxy ribose Nucleic Acid Rig-Veda 4-58. The Creation has evolved from the single unified force- fundamental energy under the laws of thermodynamics Rig-Veda 10-90.

The first life has generated in water Rig-Veda 1-163-1.

The living-beings have evolved from the DNA with genetic recombination and the Mendel’s laws of inheritance. The life on the earth is supported by the ozone layer O3.  The conversion of the hydrogen into Helium H3 on the surface of the sun, and the water molecules H2O.

The triple bond of Hydrogen H Ξ H  has the key for the genetic recombination of the DNA Rig-Veda 1-163- 2,3,4

Maxmüller        Science of Religion

Hymns of Rigveda – Griffith, Motilal Benarasidas, New Delhi.

 

The creation has evolved from the fundamental energy with energy transformation. The laws of thermodynamics have been expressed by the three faces of the symbolic Man showing origin.

The horned hood express the synthesis of DNA from the atoms and molecules. They have synthesized the cell and the genomic chromosome. The surrounding animals have been evolved from the single cell with genetic recombination and crossing over.

The U shape structure is the symbol for the genomic chromosome and the fish like structure is symbol for the cell.”

 

Flashback #1

All these days modern scientists used to think that 90% of the DNA is useless and even termed it junk DNA! Why? Because they only knew the functionality of 2% of the human DNA which was about manufacturing proteins. Since they did not SEE via experiments what other 98% of the DNA did, they had concluded that it is junk (non-coding DNA in scientific terms, as if God has given us a bond saying that DNA would be only about coding proteins :)

Flashback #2

Ancient vedic seers had always said that human body is capable of being influenced by sound and light, that the core of creation is represented by the ultimate sound OM and that the positive light emanated from fire rituals called Yagnas would create universal harmony. They had designed specific hymns with specific areas of influence, and had always advocated chanting of these hymns in specific pitches or frequencies, and performing specifically designed yagnas on a regular basis. One would recognize this if one listens to the chanting of the vedic hymns, the highlight of which is laser sharp focus on pronunciation and pitch. The ancients had also strongly advocated that we should always think only about positive thoughts and speak good.

The Missing Link

Now if you are wondering about the relations between the above mentioned Flashback #1 and Flashback #2, a Russian experiment has proved that, what was thought to be junk DNA till yesterday is actually the DNA which creates aBiological Internet – which of course is wireless in nature, communicating via light and sound waves! That the genetic code is similar to that of the grammar of human spoken languages. The syntax and semantics of these genes are similar to the way human languages are designed, and also that it responds to precisely focused vibrational patterns of human languages! In other words, it looks like the languages we speak actually evolved from the nature of our DNA itself!

You call it sound therapy or DNA therapy or whatever it takes, you can converse with your body (ie your genetic material) via vibrations and waves and can heal ailments, fine tune your health, control body functions etc without the need of anyphysical intervention like surgery or medicinal drugs!

The expirements by Pjotr Garjajev, the Russian Biophysicist, and his colleagues about the vibrational behavior of our DNA has proved that DNA responds toextremely focused light and sound vibrations at particular frequencies and hence can be instructed to perform tasks or exchange information accordingly!
So things like intuition, self-healing, telepathy, light-auras surrounding spiritual masters, influences of positive thinking, etc are no longer a domain to be studied outside the boundaries of modern science. The truth is that modern science itself had a blind belief about these otherwise scientifically valid facts all these days. As I have always been saying, modern science is NOT AN ABSOLUTE SCIENCE, it is always a work under progress, parts of it which are accepted as facts today might turn out to be wrong tomorrow, things which modern science considers as blind faith today might turn out to be real science tomorrow. So anybody who talks the language of – modern science being 100% accurate ..”
Citations.

 

 

 

 

 

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Microbiology Darwinism In Ancient Hindu Texts Vedas

In Hinduism on April 14, 2014 at 10:46

 

Ancient Vedic Indians, during the Vedic period have developed advanced knowledge in Microbiology.

 

Biology and Surgery were developed and practiced.

 

They knew the classification of Species.

 

Charles Darwin’s Theory of Evolution , Survival of the Fittest was expressed.

 

Microbiology in The Vedas

Vedic Microbiology. Image credit Chakradhar

 

An Santi Parva of Mahabharata,Section XV Arjuna speaks of the world of Microbes,’which ,though not seen by the naked eyes, support Life”

 

Talks of Darwinism when he says that the strongest survive by feeding and annihilating them.

 

The Mobile and the Immobile world is Food for Living creatures.

 

Jainism had such an advanced knowledge and Piety, the Jain Monks use to sweep the path they travel gently with a fan made of Peacock feathers to make sure that the smaller organisms are not unintentionally killed by them.

 

Kara , Dhooshana,  Inderjith and Ravana’s Moola Sena were adept at fighting biological warfare.

 

Our Vedic literature recorded about 740 plants and 250 animals.

¨      The first attempt of classification is observed in Chandyogya Upanishad, which classified animals into three categories — Jivaja(Viviparous = giving birth to young ones), e.g. mammals, Andaja(Oviparous = egg lying), e.g. birds, reptiles, insects and worms, andUdbhija (Vegetal origin), e.g. minute animals. Post-Vedic Indian literature, such as Susruta Samhita (600 BC) classified all ‘substances’ into sthavara (immobile), e.g. plants, jangama (mobile), e.g. animals.

¨      Plants were further subdivided into Vanaspati (fruit yielding non-flowering plants), Vriksha (both fruit yielding and flowering plants),Virudha (shrubs and creepers), and Osadhi (plants that die with ripening of fruits).

Susruta described in detail the parts of plants, such as Ankura (sprout), Mula (root), Kanda (bulb or stem), Patra (leaf),Pushpa (flower), Phala (fruit), etc.

¨      Susruta Samhita also mentioned about classification of animals, such as Kulacara (those herbivores who frequent the river banks, e.g. elephant, buffalo, etc.), Matsya (fish), Janghala (wild herbivorous quadrupeds, e.g. deer), Guhasaya (carnivorous quadrupeds like tiger, lion, etc.). Susruta Samhita also records some observations on snakes (both venomous and non-venomous) and leeches.

 

They knew about Microbes and about fermentation.

 

They were aware of the exact combinations and temperatures at which fermentation takes place in preparing Buttermilk,Curds,Liquor.

 

The existence of Lives , which are smaller and Microscopic was analysed.

 

Germ theory of diseases was first established by Vedic Rishis and was recorded in Vedas.

 Vedas are first text in the world to record nexus between microbes and disease.

In Vedas, prime etiological factors of diseases mentioned are–

 

a) Endogenous toxins, its accumulations, and causation of a disease; b) ‘Krimi’ –’Drisya’ (visible), ‘Adrisya’ (invisible); and c) Imbalance of tridosha.

Rigveda, Yajurveda, and Atharvaveda followed by Āyurvedas provide rich insight into microbial sciences that existed in Bharat many thousands of years ago.

In Rigveda (1/191), Rishị Agastya pinpoints out that there are two types of poisonous creatures viz. those exceedingly poisonous and others are less poisonous.

Of them, some are visible venomous, while others are invisible one.

Some of them live in water, while others live on earth.

Perhaps Ṛsị Agastya is the first person to state that invisible creatures are also toxin producers.

He also prescribes antidotes as remedy for the poison. Atharvaveda reiterates that whenever there is accumulation of toxins within the body, disease results.

Use of Biological weapons of Mass Destruction was known.

There are large number of suktas in the Vedas which provides information about microbiological knowledge in the ancient Vedic texts.

KankotanSukta by Rishi Agastaya (Rigveda 1/191); KrimighnamSukta (Atharvaveda 5/23), KriminashnamSukta (AV. 2/32), KrimijambhanamSukta

(AV. 2/31) all by Rishi Kanva; RakshognamSukta (AV. 5/29) by Rishi Chatan; KriminashnamSukta (AV. 4/37) by Rishi Badrayani and other suktas

provides insight into the Microbial sciences in Vedas.

Not only the Vedas, Ayurvedic texts like Charaka Samhita, Susruta Samhita, Ashtanga Hridaya and many others provides rich insight into Vedic Microbiology.

 

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Introduction To Quantum No Jargons

In Astrophysics on April 10, 2014 at 11:42

I was a Speaker in a Function marking the occasion of the release of a Research Book “Downloading Nature‘s Secrets,From Akasa to Quantum Vacuum

Field by Sri.Lakshminarayananan Gopalan in Chennai on the Fifth of April 2014.

 

The book deals with the inadequacy of the present day Science, how the Vedas have anticipated these issues and how the Gayatri Mantra  unlocks these secrets.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quantum explained with Light

Are these beams of light over Sydney, Australia made of particles or waves? The true physical nature of light had been debated for years. Planck and others showed that not only light but all matter exhibited properties of both a particle and a wave.(Cameron Spencer/Getty Images)

 

 

Chart of Quantum Theory

Quantum Theory in Chart

I shall be posting on this shortly.

 

Science, as we know , rests on certain Laws, which are assumed to be true,called Axioms.

 

These laws under strict laboratory identical conditions will operate and the same Cause will produce the same result.

 

The problem is you produce the conditions obtaining in Nature and you repeat them to produce the result, which obviously has to produce the same result.

 

In other words, Science tells you How and never Why.

 

But it assumes that it is final.

 

When you can not describe or define Why , your word is not final.

 

This applies to Science .

 

Let us take the Laws of Newton.

 

I shall not be discussing the exact definitions as it would be beyond the scope of this essay.

 

I shall deal with it later.

 

An object remains Inert until it is impelled by an External Force.

 

From where does this external force come ?

 

No answer.

 

If it is assumed that it is in the Nature of things, as Axioms, then you are not solving the issue, but are ducking it and you are offering the Mechanics of Motion, that’s all.

 

In my view this does not matter, as it does not tell me any thing new in terms of my inquiry content.

 

 

For the average person, whether we know how a Thing moves does not matter so long it moves.

 

Things were falling to the ground even before Newton discovered Gravity.

 

Even if we are blissfully unaware of it , still Gravity would function.

 

 

However these theories have their uses in that these help in developing technologies that help(?) Man.

 

The second law that the rate of Momentum being directly proportionate to the force applied is also thrown out of this discussion as the first law on which this is derived from is not answering the question.

 

The same to the Third Law of Motion.

 

Science also harbors under the strain of Space and Time.

 

Unless we understand Space and Time we may not be able to understand the Laws of Nature and These terms Space and Time remain undefined till date.

 

At best, there are only descriptions and that too are being contradicted more or less on a daily basis.

 

As Emmanuel Kant put it,”Space and Time are the Two goggles through which Man perceives” Remove these,you can not conceive of anything , let alone perceive!

 

Coming back to the Theory of Motion, we now have research going on in CERN, Geneva, to find the God Particle.

 

As we all know the Atom consists of Electrons, Protons and Neutron.

 

Electrons and protons move around the Neutron. Now, when an object moves it creates energy.

 

So where do the Energies from these electrons and protons go?

 

Again, the movement of these seem to be directed.

 

Scientist want to find it as they have theoretically found that there must be some particle or force that directs these electrons and protons .

 

So the search goes on. Now apply this to the Movement of galaxies that spins and move, The same Laws apply.

 

And there is is this Theory of Expanding Universe which states that the Universe is expanding with each object in the Universe hurling away from each other and this has been proved by the Infrared shift of the Spectrum.

 

If these things keep on moving away from each other, where is does it end?

 

Where is the Edge of the Universe? Einstein tried to solve this through he general Theory of Relativity.

 

Appropriate at this point,  is that the Space and Time  become One Universe at one point  and that Time can travel both forwards and backwards.

 

And it can recoil on it self and there are Time Worms.

 

Then we have the Black-holes, which are assumed not to let even light rays to escape from it.

 

And Time runs backwards there and, theoretically if one were to enter a Black-hole, he might enter the Past travel through the Future and emerge in the Present!

 

And this gives rise, along with the effort to find the God particle leads us to Quantum Theory and Multi verses.

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Speed Of Light =Gravity=Infinity = 0 = Science?

In Science on March 26, 2014 at 09:00

The Speed( I am using this term to enable every one to understand this) is 299,792,458 metres per second,

 

This is equal to the Speed of Gravity.

 

Speed of Light is equal to Speed of Gravity(+ or – 1%)

 

The Speed of Light, according to Newton is Infinite.

 

That is you can not comprehend because there are innumerable Digits,’ it is limitless.

 

Zero can not be comprehended because there is nothing to comprehend.( some say “A positive or negative number when divided by zero is a fraction with the zero as denominator”

 

So in terms of Comprehending Infinity is as comprehensible as Zero is.

 

Therefore Infinity is equal to Zero.

 

Speed of Light is Infinite.

 

Therefore, Speed of Light is equal to Zero.

 

I am aware of the Logical Fallacy of undistributed Middle is present in my argument.

 

So do the Scientist theories!

 

We take Science because it is convenient.

 

We do not question it.

 

Then why not God?

 

* Follow Theory of Relativity, it is more fun .

 

Symbol of Infinity

Infinity symbol

 

Newtonian Gravity.

 

Therefore the theory assumes the speed of gravity to be infinite. This assumption was adequate to account for all phenomena with the observational accuracy of that time. It was not until the 19th century that an anomaly in astronomical observations which could not be reconciled with the Newtonian gravitational model of instantaneous action was noted.

 

Relativity Gravity.

General relativity predicts that gravitational radiation should exist and propagate as a wave at lightspeed: a slowly evolving and weak gravitational field will produce, according to general relativity, effects like those of Newtonian gravitation.

 

Infinity.

Infinity (symbol: ) is an abstract concept describing something without any limit and is relevant in a number of fields, predominantly mathematics and physics. The English word infinity derives from Latin infinitas, meaning “the state of being without finish”, and which can be translated as “unboundedness”, itself calqued from the Greek word apeiros, meaning “endless”

 

The Indian mathematical text Surya Prajnapti (c. 3rd–4th century BCE) classifies all numbers into three sets: enumerable, innumerable, and infinite. Each of these was further subdivided into three orders:

  • Enumerable: lowest, intermediate, and highest
  • Innumerable: nearly innumerable, truly innumerable, and innumerably innumerable
  • Infinite: nearly infinite, truly infinite, infinitely infinite

In the Indian work on the theory of sets, two basic types of infinite numbers are distinguished. On both physical and ontological grounds, a distinction was made between asaṃkhyāta (“countless, innumerable”) and ananta (“endless, unlimited”), between rigidly bounded and loosely bounded infinities.

 

Minecraft can be a great tool for visualizing complicated subjects, such as the speed of light (aka “c”). Using a straight track and simple math, we can see how the universe might be limiting speeds for very fast things, such as light.

The “doors” metaphor is admittedly, imperfect. While they do limit speed outside of “acceleration”, they falsely imply that there is something “in space” that slows things down, which does not appear to be the case at the moment. The actual mechanisms that limit objects to light speed will be the topic for a future video. (Hint: It has to do with time!)

 

Zero.

 

The rules governing the use of zero appeared for the first time in Brahmagupta‘s book Brahmasputha Siddhanta (The Opening of the Universe),[25] written in 628 AD. Here Brahmagupta considers not only zero, but negative numbers, and the algebraic rules for the elementary operations of arithmetic with such numbers. In some instances, his rules differ from the modern standard. Here are the rules of Brahmagupta:[25]

  • The sum of zero and a negative number is negative.
  • The sum of zero and a positive number is positive.
  • The sum of zero and zero is zero.
  • The sum of a positive and a negative is their difference; or, if their absolute values are equal, zero.
  • A positive or negative number when divided by zero is a fraction with the zero as denominator.
  • Zero divided by a negative or positive number is either zero or is expressed as a fraction with zero as numerator and the finite quantity as denominator.
  • Zero divided by zero is zero.

In saying zero divided by zero is zero, Brahmagupta differs from the modern position. Mathematicians normally do not assign a value to this, whereas computers and calculators sometimes assign NaN, which means “not a number.” Moreover, non-zero positive or negative numbers when divided by zero are either assigned no value, or a value of unsigned infinity, positive infinity, or negative infinity.

 

Read my Posts on Time, Astrophysics.Science.

 

Citations.

Zero Wiki

Infinity Wiki

 

 

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