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Posts Tagged ‘Religion’

Brahmin An Outcast ,Vratya, Manusmriti

In Hinduism on September 26, 2014 at 20:19

The much maligned  Manusmriti  reserves the strictest sanctions for Brahmins.

 

There are many citations in the Manu Smriti where these are mentioned.

 

In general, punishment for a Brahmin is thousand fold for an offense than what is being sanctioned for a Sudra.

 

 

In this article we shall see how a Brahmin is declared  as an Outcast in one instance, which is very serious.

 

That instance is Upanayana, wearing of the Sacred Thread)Ceremony)

 

 

 

36. In the eighth year after conception, one should perform the initiation (upanayana) of a Brahmana, in the eleventh after conception (that) of a Kshatriya, but in the twelfth that of a Vaisya. 

37. (The initiation) of a Brahmana who desires proficiency in sacred learning should take place in the fifth (year after conception), (that) of a Kshatriya who wishes to become powerful in the sixth, (and that) of a Vaisya who longs for (success in his) business in the eighth. 

38. The (time for the) Savitri (initiation) of a Brahmana does not pass until the completion of the sixteenth year (after conception), of a Kshatriya until the completion of the twenty-second, and of a Vaisya until the completion of the twenty-fourth. 

39. After those (periods men of) these three (castes) who have not received the sacrament at the proper time, become Vratyas (outcasts), excluded from the Savitri (initiation) and despised by the Aryans. 

40. With such men, if they have not been purified ac cording to the rule, let no Brahmana ever, even in times of distress, form a connexion either through the Veda or by marriage. “

Manu Smriti Chapter 2:31;39

 

Citation.

 

http://www.hindubooks.org/scriptures/manusmriti/ch2/ch2_31_40.html

 

 

Types of Sraddha One Hundred Sixteen

In Hinduism on September 26, 2014 at 11:12

I have posted a few articles on Sraddha,Rites for the departed , including text of Mantras ans Mahalaya Paksha Procedure.

 

I shall be posting a series of articles in detail on various aspects of Sraddha.

 

Here are the types of Sraddha to be performed.

 

They are one hundred sixteen in number.

 

 

 

Sraddha the ceremony performed for the ancestors is of different types.

Stricly speaking Sraddha has to be performed daily.

Definition of Sraddha.

देशे काले च पात्रे च श्रद्धया विधिना च यत् ।
पितृनुद्दिश्य विप्रेभ्यो दत्तं श्राद्धमुदाहृत् ।। – ब्रह्मपुराण

Meaning: The offerings (food etc.) made to the Brahmin (priests) with the intension being received by the deceased ancestors, after taking into account the aptness of country, time period and place and with complete faith and abiding by all the rules is known as Shraddha.
C: Associated words

Shraddhattva Pinda, Pitru Puja (ritualistic worship of deceased ancestors), Pitru Yagna (sacrificial fires performed for deceased ancestors).

 

Hindu Dharma does not give any chance to anyone to say that the shraddha was not performed due to non-feasibility in a particular period!

Normally every year Shraddha should be performed on the date of death of the person (as per the Hindu calendar and not as per the English calendar.) If the date is not known and only the month is known, then in that case the shraddha can be performed on the no moon night of that month.

If both, the date as well as the month is unknown then the shraddha can be performed on the no moon night of the Hindu calendar month of Magh or Margashirsha.

If the definite date of death is not known then the shraddha can be performed on the date when the news of the death was received.

Shraddha for deceased ancestors’ souls should be performed everyday and it can be achieved just by offering water (tarpan) to them.

If it is impossible to perform Shraddha daily, then Darsha Shraddha should be performed.  Darsha means no moon night. Therefore Darsha Shraddha is t is performed on every New Moon.

If it is not possible to perform Darsha Shraddha every month, one should at least perform it on the no moon night of Hindu calendar months of Chaitra, Bhadrapad and Ashwin months.

If it is not possible even to perform Darsha Shraddha on no moon nights of Chaitra, Bhadrapad and Ashwin, then at least the ritual of Mahalaya should be performed in the Pitru fortnight of the month of Bhadrapad. If this too is impossible thenShraddha should be performed on the no moon night of the month of Bhadrapad (sarva pitri amavasya) .

 

Types of Sraddha.

 

Matsya Puran mentions ‘नित्यं नैमित्तिकं काम्यं त्रिविध श्राद्ध मुख्यते ।’, meaning, primarily there are three types ofShraddha – one performed daily, periodically and with purpose (Kamya). In addition to these, Yamasmruti definesNandi Shraddha and Parvan Shraddha as additional main types.

Daily Shraddha

The ritual of Shraddha performed daily is known as Daily Shraddha. This Shraddha can be performed just by offering water or sesame seeds to deceased ancestors.

Periodic Shraddha

The shraddha performed for deceased ancestors with a single objective and other such types fall under periodic Shraddha.

Purpose oriented (Kamya) Shraddha

Shraddha performed for achieving a specific objective is termed as purpose oriented (Kamya)Shraddha.

From the point of view of deriving fruitful result, if the Shraddha is performed on a specific day, date (as per Hindu calendar) and taking into consideration the position of stars (nakshatra), then the desired result is achieved.

The details.

 

 Day and the derived result of the Shraddha

Date (as per Hindu calendar) and the derived result of the Shraddha

Date of performingShraddha Result derived from the Shraddha
First day in Hindu Lunar fortnight Gaining a good fowl and being able to give birth to a healthy baby boy.
Second day in Hindu Lunar fortnight Conceiving a baby girl.
Third day in Hindu Lunar fortnight Acquiring a horse, acquiring fame
Fourth day in Hindu Lunar fortnight Acquiring a lot of inferior animals
Fifth day in Hindu Lunar fortnight Having a lot of good looking male children
Sixth day in Hindu Lunar fortnight Conceiving bright male child, getting success in gambling.
Seventh day in Hindu Lunar fortnight Acquiring a farm or land
Eighth day in Hindu Lunar fortnight Obtaining success in business
Ninth day in Hindu Lunar fortnight Acquiring animals like horses
Tenth day in Hindu Lunar fortnight Expansion of cattle, acquiring animals with two humps
Eleventh day in Hindu Lunar fortnight Acquiring utensils, clothes and a scholar male child.
Twelfth day in Hindu Lunar fortnight Acquiring gold, silver etc.
Thirteenth day in Hindu Lunar fortnight Gaining superiority within the community
Fourteenth day in Hindu Lunar fortnight The persons, who have died due to the stroke of a weapon or on a battlefield, get momentum to attain a higher sub-plane. Gaining good citizens.
Full moon / no moon night Fulfillment of all wishes

Note 1: Except full moon night, all other dates that belong to the dark fortnight and corresponding dates in dark fortnight of the month of Bhadrapad, bestow special benefit.

1. Bhimashtami Shraddha: If one is not able to conceive or is facing problems of abortion, then for the well being of the fetus, Shraddha is performed or offering of water is made to Bhishmacharya, on the eighth day of the bright fortnight (Bhimashtami) in the Hindu calendar month of Magh.

3. Position of stars and the derived result of the Shraddha

 

Position of star while performing Shraddha Result derived from the Shraddha
Kruttika Acquiring a heavenly abode for oneself and ones son.
Rohini Conceiving male child
Mruga Acquiring radiance of Brahman (Brahmatej)
Aardra Providing momentum to the soul of an evildoer, action transformed into supernatural power.
Punarvasu Obtaining wealth or land
Pushya Improvement in strength
Ashlesha Conceiving a male child with brave character, fulfillment of a wish
Magha Gaining superiority within the community, a long married life
Purva Good luck, conceiving a male child, elimination of sin
Uttara Good luck, conceiving a male child, elimination of sin
Hasta Fulfillment of a wish, gaining superiority within the community
Chitra Conceiving a handsome male child, conceiving ample male children
Swati Earning profit in business, earning success.
Vishakha Conceiving ample male children, acquiring gold
Anuradha Acquiring a kingdom (attaining position of minister etc), acquiring friends
Jyeshtha Acquiring superiority, authority, wealth and self-confidence, acquiring a kingdom
Mula Obtaining good health, acquiring a farm or land
Purvashadha Achieving good fame, successful journey up to the sea limit
Uttarashada Getting relieved from grievances, fulfillment of all wishes, achieving good hearing ability
Shravan Achieving best progress in subtle plane, superiority
Ghanishtha Acquiring kingdom (attaining position of minister etc), fulfillment of all wishes
Shavataraka Achieving supernatural powers in medical practice, acquiring metal other than gold and silver.
Purvabhadrapada Acquiring a flock of sheep or lamb, acquiring metal other than gold and silver.
Uttarabhadrapada Acquiring cattle, acquiring sanctified and good premises
Revati Acquiring utensils and clothes, acquiring cattle
Ashwini Acquiring horses
Bharni Acquiring a long life

Note 1: When an evildoer dies and Shraddha is performed for him at the time of Aadra star, for imparting momentum to its soul, the desired benefit can be derived.

Special note: In the table given in point 2 and 3, multiple benefits are indicated for a single date or star position. These are specified based on references obtained from different books.

2. Nandi Shraddha

The ritual of Shraddha performed during the start of any joyous ceremony and performance of any of the 16 religious rites, and recitation of specific mantras for success of the ceremony is called NandiShraddha. In this ritual Satyavasu (or kratudaksha) are the vishve deities and the father-grandfather-great grandfather, mother-grandmother (mother’s mother) – great grandmother (mother’s grandmother) and mother- grandmother (mother’s mother-in-law)-great grandmother (mother-in-law of mother’s mother-in-law) are invoked.

3.. Karmanga Shraddha: This Shraddha is performed during the religious ritual of Garbhadhan.

4. Vruddhi Shraddha: Shraddha performed at the time of birth of a baby.

5.Parvan Shraddha

The Pindapitruyagna (sacrificial fires related to deceased ancestors) mentioned in the Shrout lineage is to be performed by a Sagnik (one who performs the ritual of Agnihotra). Alternative to this is the Parvan Shraddha mentioned in the Gruhya sutras. Once the deceased ancestors get listed as Parvans, then this shraddha is performed for them. (Detailed information on Parvan is presented under the heading ‘Terminology of Shraddha’ and in point ‘3 B’ of volume 2.) Ekparvan (single Parvan), dviparvan (doubleParvan), triparvan (triple Parvan) are the three varieties of this shraddha. Mahalay Shraddha and Tirtha Shraddha are the types of Parvan Shraddha.

6. Mahalay Shraddha (fortnightly): It is a Parvan Shraddha performed starting from the eleventh day of dark fortnight of Bhadrapad (Hindu calendar month) till the no moon night.

7.. Tirtha Shraddha: The ritual of shraddha performed at Holy places like Prayag or at the banks of a sacred river is termed as Tirtha Shraddha. While performing Tirtha Shraddha, all the Parvans of Mahalay are invoked.

.Other types

Apart from the main types mentioned above there are 96 types of Shraddha namely, 12 no moon nights, 4 eras, 14manvantars, 12 sankrants, 12 vaidhruti, 12 vyatipat, 15 mahalays, 5 first, 5 ashtak and 5 anvashtake. (Detailed information about these is present in the books related to science of Dharma.)

Brief information about few of the other types of Shraddha

8. Goshthi Shraddha

The Shraddha performed by the group of priests (Brahmins) and scholars at a holy place with the intention that, ‘Deceased ancestors’ souls should get satisfied and let happiness and prosperity preside’, or while discussing the topic of Shraddha, if one gets inspired all of a sudden and performsShraddha, then such Shraddha is termed as Goshthi Shraddha.

9.Shuddhi Shraddha

Offering food to priests (Brahmins) for acquiring purity is called as Shuddhi Shraddha. This is the ‘undergoing of punishment’ part of Shraddha.

10.Pushti Shraddha

Shraddha performed for increasing physical strength and prosperity is called as Pushti Shraddha.

11. Ghruta Shraddha (Yatra Shraddha)

Shraddha performed using ghee (clarified butter), in remembrance of deceased ancestors, before embarking on a journey to holy places with the objective of completing the journey without any obstacles is called Ghruta Shraddha.

12. Dadhi Shraddha

Shraddha performed after returning from a journey to holy places is termed as Dadhi Shraddha.

13. Ashtaka Shraddha

Shraddha performed on 8th day of the bright fortnight of the Hindu calendar mont. Ashtaka means the 8th day of bright fortnight of any Hindu calendar month. During the era of Vedas, the Ashtaka Shraddha used to be performed specifically on the 8th day of bright fortnight of Margashirsha, Poush, Magh and Falgun months. It was a practice to offer vegetables, meat, bondas, sesame seeds, honey, rice kheer, fruits and underground vegetables to deceased ancestors. Vishvedev, Fire (Agni), Sun, Prajapati, Ratri, Stars (nakshatra), season (rutu) etc. were considered as deities of Shraddha.

14.Daivik Shraddha

Shraddha performed with the objective of obtaining the grace of God is termed as Daivik Shraddha.

15.. Hiranya Shraddha

This Shraddha is performed without offering food and only by offering money (dakshina) to the priests (Brahmins). If food is in scarcity, then gold, equivalent to four times the cost of the food grains, should be offered.

16. Hasta Shraddha

Shraddha performed by offering food to the priests (Brahmins) designated for Shraddha. If cooked food is not available then the Shraddha is performed by offering money or dry food grains. (7)

17. Aatma Shraddha

Those people who do not have children or whose children are atheists, they should perform Shraddhafor themselves when they are alive. The rites for such Shraddha are explained in the science of spirituality.

Even though various types of Shraddha are mentioned above, based on the calendar days, theShraddha performed for a dead person from the first day to the eleventh day, monthly shraddha,Sapindikaran Shraddha, Shraddha performed on one-year completion, Shraddha performed every year from the second year and Mahalay Shraddha are the only ones that are commonly practiced.

 

Citation.

http://kramans.blogspot.in/2012/01/shraddha.html

Sri Vidya Tripura Sundari Upasna Maha Shodha Nyasa

In Hinduism on September 25, 2014 at 18:32

Devi is worshiped in the 51 Aksharas.

 

I have posted an article on this in detail.

 

The 51 Shakti peetas correspond to these letters.

 

Soundaryalahari of Adi Shankaracharya has these letters embed in the slokas.

 

Now there is the Shodha Nyasa, six fold purification of the Body and the invoking of the Goddess in the Human Body.

 

 

 

Nyasa is a ritual of the Hindus.

 

While performing Pooja, not to be confused with stotra or Paarayana, one must have the Nyasa done.

 

Nyasa is a ritual where the individual touches various parts of the body with specific Mantras to purify these parts.

 

In Tripurasundari Upasana, Sri Vidya  as well, the performing of the ritual is mandatory.

 

 

I have been hunting down for information on these texts and I mentally vowed six months ago. to start writing on Shakti again, I have published quite a few articles on on Shakti and Shakthi Peeetha.

 

I have found some information on these subjects which I am sharing.

 

This information is rare and is not easily available.

 

This information is copyrighted up to 2007.

 

I am posting this information with a Link to the site in Public interst.

 

If the site owner objects to this, I may have to remove this.

 

I suggest, those who are interested , to have this material printed or saved in their system.

 

 

Thou art the body of Shambhu with two breasts which are the Sun and Moon. Oh, Bhagavati, thou art the all pervading stainless one; therefore the connection between each, of thee as part and whole is the nature common to both, the same lordship and supreme bliss – Wave of Bliss (Woodroffe’s translation)

The Sodha Nyasa (sixfold nyasa), which is part of the daily worship of Tripurasundari, is here for the first time translated into English, from the work called Nityotsava, itself a commentary on the famous Kalpasutras of Parashuram.

Parashurama was a brahmana initiated by Lord Dattatreya into the worship of Shri Shri Mahatripurasundari Lalita Devi. The Kalpasutras provides a compendium for the worship of that Devi. Various forms of nyasa, which means ‘placing’, enter into this and all other forms of tantrika puja. The dialogue between Parashuram and Dattatreya is contained in the Tripura Rahasya, a wonderful work which is available in an English translation published by the Sri Ramana Ashram in Tiruvannamalai.

The Sodha Nyasa in which Devi outspreads as Ganeshas, planets, 27 nakshatras (asterisms), yoginis of the seven dhatus or bodily elements of ayurveda, sidereal zodiac, and sacred sites (pithas) is described in very many agamas such as Vamakeshvara Tantra, Gandharva Tantra, Jnanarnava, The 1,000 Names of Lalita, etc.. It is described in detail in the Yogini Hridaya, itself said to form the latter part of the Vamakeshvara Tantra.

The ritual centres the worshipper as one with She whose true nature is Chit or Consciousness Shakti. She is triple in Her manifestation as the three gunas — represented by Her three Saktis of Iccha (will), Jnana (knowledge), and Kriya (action) — and rays out as the 15 Nityas or Eternities who express the phases of the Moon or Candrakalas, and form the body of time.

According to the tradition, Shiva, without characteristics is awareness. And Shiva is one with Shakti. Her parts as represented by the Shodha Nyasa amount to 156, and comprise all visible manifestation. She is Maya Shakti, the Matrika or letters of the alphabet Devi, the heap of words and letters which delude men and women, and also those letters transformed by awareness into mantra.

Her yantra is the Shri Chakra, which contains all letters within its heap of petals, lotuses and lines. This yantra, which is a diagrammatic representation of the human body, is within the wheel of time.

Worship via this ritual is intended to assist a sadhvini or sadhaka to realise her or his oneness with the Shakti, with the yantra, and with time itself in all its manifestations.

Mahashodha Nyasa

In this wonderful abbreviated six way nyasa, obeisance to Dakshinamurti, the Rishi, on the head; to the metre Gayatri in the mouth; to the Devi Mahatripurasundari, to Ganeshas, Planets, (27) Sidereal Constellations, Yoginis, 12 Rashis, the Sacred Sites (pithas) in the heart; obeisance to the application of this Shri Vidya limb nyasa, in the palm of the hand.

Aim Hrim Shrim Am Kam Kham Gam Gham Nam Am Aim obeisance to the thumbs
Aim Hrim Shrim Im Cam Cham Jam Jham Nam Im Klim, index fingers
Aim Hrim Shrim Um Tam Tham Dam Dham Nam Um Sauh, middle fingers
Aim Hrim Shrim Em Tam Tham Dam Dham Nam Aim Aim, ring fingers
Aim Hrim Shrim Aum Pam Pham Bam Bham Mam Aum Klim, little fingers
Aim Hrim Shrim Am Yam Ram Lam Vain Sam Sam Sam Ham Lam Ksham Am Sauh, front & back of hand
(similarly for heart &c. nyasa)

Meditation
Radiant as 1000 rising suns, with full, magnificent breasts, wearing red garlands and clothes, smeared with red unguent, with red gems and red ornaments, holding goad, noose, bow and arrows in Her radiant four hands, with three beautiful eyes, with a gold ornament on Her head — thus we meditate on the Supreme Sundari, consisting of Ganeshas, Planets, (27) Nakshatras, (6) Yoginis, (12) Rashis, Pithas, and the letters of the alphabet.

Thus is declared the collective form of the Shri Devi, together with Her weapons and instruments of action. Now meditate on Ganeshas, the first of the individual forms:

Ganesha Nyasa

Meditation: resembling the newly risen Sun, with an elephant’s face, soft eyes, holding goad, noose, and granting boons, with Shakti, of vermilion lustre, decorated with all manner of gems. One of (her) hands holds a lotus, the other touches (Ganesha’s) lingam. His trunk is coiled to the left. When meditating, the noose comes first. The Shakti holds a lotus in Her left hand, and Her right hand embraces (Ganesha’s lingam).

Having meditated thus, nyasa should be done in the places where the letters of the alphabet reside, prefixing each with three syllables thus:

Aim Hrim Shrim Am obeisance to the Lord of Obstacles with Shri. On head.
Aim Hrim Shrim Am to the King of Obstacles with Hri. On forehead.
Aim Hrim Shrim Im to the Guide with Tushti. On right eye.
Aim Hrim Shrim Im to the Most Auspicious with Shanti. On left eye.
Aim Hrim Shrim Um to the Heart of Obstacles with Pushti. On right ear.
Aim Hrim Shrim Um to the Maker of Obstacles with Sarasvati. On left ear.
Aim Hrim Shrim Rm to the Chief of Obstacles with Rati. Right nostril.
Aim Hrim Shrim Rm to the Chief of Hosts with Medha. On left nostril.
Aim Hrim Shrim Lm to the One Tusked with Kanti. On right cheek.
Aim Hrim Shrim Lm to the Two Tusked with Kamini. On left cheek.
Aim Hrim Shrim Em to the Elephant Faced with Mohini. On upper lip.
Aim Hrim Shrim Aim to the Guileless with Jata. On lower lip.
Aim Hrim Shrim Om to the One with Hair Twisted like a Cowrie with Tivra. On upper teeth.
Aim Hrim Shrim Aum to the Long Faced with Jvalini. On lower teeth.
Aim Hrim Shrim Am to the One with Pointed Ears with Nanda. On tongue.
Aim Hrim Shrim Ah to the One with Bull as Banner with Surasa. On throat.
Aim Hrim Shrim Kam to the Lord of Numbers with Kamarupini. On right shoulder.
Aim Hrim Shrim Kham to Indra’s Elephant with Subhra. On right elbow.
Aim Hrim Shrim Gam to the One with Ears Like Winnowing Baskets with Jayini. R. wrist
Aim Hrim Shrim Gham to the three Eyed One with Satya. Base of right fingers.
Aim Hrim Shrim Nam to the Pot Bellied One with Vignneshi. On right finger tips.
Aim Hrim Shrim Cam to the Great Noisy One with Surupa. Left shoulder.
Aim Hrim Shrim Cham to the four Armed Form with Kamada. Left elbow.
Aim Hrim Shrim Jam to Sadashiva with Madavihvala. Left wrist.
Aim Hrim Shrim Jham to the Gladdening One with Vikata. Left root of fingers.
Aim Hrim Shrim Nam to the Ugly Faced with Puma. Left finger tips.
Aim Hrim Shrim Tam to the Beautiful Faced One with Bhutida. Right thigh.
Aim Hrim Shrim Tham to the Delightful One with Bhumi. Right knee.
Aim Hrim Shrim Dam to the One Footed with Shakti. Right ankle.
Aim Hrim Shrim Dham to the Dual Tongued with Rama. Right foot.
Aim Hrim Shrim Nam to the Hero with Manushi. Right toes.
Aim Hrim Shrim Tam to the Warrior with Makaradhvaja. Left thigh.
Aim Hrim Shrim Tham to the Peaceful Faced One with Virini. Left knee.
Aim Hrim Shrim Dam to the Boon Giver with Bhrukuti. Left ankle.
Aim Hrim Shrim Dham to the Left Hand God with Lajja. Left foot.
Aim Hrim Shrim Nam to the One with Crooked Trunk with Dirghagona. Left toes.
Aim Hrim Shrim Pam to the One with two Tusks with Dhanurdhara. Right side.
Aim Hrim Shrim Pham to the Leader of the Army with Yamini. Left side.
Aim Hrim Shrim Bam to the Village Lord with Ratri. Back.
Aim Hrim Shrim Bham to the Intoxicated One with Chandrika. Navel.
Aim Hrim Shrim Mam to the Clear Headed with Sashiprabha. Belly.
Aim Hrim Shrim Yam to Intoxication’s Vehicle with Lola. In heart.
Aim Hrim Shrim Ram to the Ascetic with Chapala. Right collar bone.
Aim Hrim Shrim Lam to the One with Shorn Hair with Riddhi. Shoulder hump.
Aim Hrim Shrim Vam to the One with a Tusk with Durbhaga. Left collar bone.
Aim Hrim Shrim Sham to the Pre-eminent One with Subhaga. Heart to right palm.
Aim Hrim Shrim Sham to the Bull Bannered with Shiva. Heart to left palm.
Aim Hrim Shrim Sam to the Greedy One with Durga. Heart to right foot.
Aim Hrim Shrim Ham to Ganesha with Kali. Heart to left foot.
Aim Hrim Shrim Lam to the One like Thunder with Kalakubjika. Heart to genitals.
Aim Hrim Shrim Ksham to the Lord of Obstacles with Destroyer of Obstacles. On heart.

Planet Nyasa

Meditation: the Sun &c., in the colours red, white, red, dusky, yellow, pale yellow, black, purple, smoky. Of the form of Kamadeva, the Lord of Love, ornamented with celestial gems. His left hand rests on his left thigh, and his right hand shows the sign of giving. Meditate also on the Shaktis, with their hands dispelling fear and granting boons. Each one is highly appealing, and decked with every kind of jewel. Having meditated in this way:

Aim Hrim Shrim Am Am Im Im Um Um Rm Rm Lm Lm Em Aim Aum Om Am Ah obeisance to the Sun with Ranuka. In heart.
Aim Hrim Shrim Yam Ram Lam Vam to the Moon with Amrita. Centre of brow.
Aim Hrim Shrim Kam Kham Gam Gham Nam to Mars, with Dharma. In eyes.
Aim Hrim Shrim Cam Cham Jam Jham Nam to Mercury, with Yashasvini. Ears.
Aim Hrim Shrim Tam Tham Dam Dham Nam to Jupiter, with Shankari. Throat.
Aim Hrim Shrim Tam Tham Dam Dham Nam to Venus, with Jnanarupa. In heart.
Aim Hrim Shrim Pam Pham Bam Bham Main to Saturn, with Shakti. In navel.
Aim Hrim Shrim Sham Sham Sam Ham to Rahu, with Krishna. Mouth.
Aim Hrim Shrim Lam Ksham to Ketu, with Dhumra. Genitals.

Nakshatra Nyasa

Meditation: as flame, like the fire of All Destroying Time, their hands dispelling fear and granting boons, all ornamented with jewels. Bow to Ashvini first. Having meditated thus:

Aim Hrim Shrim Am Am obeisance to Ashvini. Forehead.
Aim Hrim Shrim Im to Bharani. Right eye.
Aim Hrim Shrim Im Im Urn to Krittika. Left eye.
Aim Hrim Shrim Rm Rm Lm Lm to Rohini. Right ear.
Aim Hrim Shrim Em to Mrigasiras. Left ear.
Aim Hrim Shrim Aim to Ardra. Right nostril.
Aim Hrim Shrim Om Aum to Punarvasu. Left nostril.
Aim Hrim Shrim Kam to Pushya. Throat.
Aim Hrim Shrim Kham Gam to Ashlesha. Right shoulder.
Aim Hrim Shrim Gham Nam to Magha. Left shoulder.
Aim Hrim Shrim Cam to Purvaphalguni. Back.
Aim Hrim Shrim Cham Jam to Uttarphalguni. Right elbow.
Aim Hrim Shrim Jham Nam to Hasta. Left elbow.
Aim Hrim Shrim Tam Tham to Chitra. Right wrist.
Aim Hrim Shrim Dam to Svati. Left wrist.
Aim Hrim Shrim Dham Nam to Vishakha. Right hand.
Aim Hrim Shrim Tam Tham Dam to Anuradha. Left hand.
Aim Hrim Shrim Dham to Jyeshta. Navel.
Aim Hrim Shrim Nam Pam Pham to Mula. Pelvis.
Aim Hrim Shrim Bam to Purvashadha. Right thigh.
Aim Hrim Shrim Bham to Uttarashadha. Left thigh.
Aim Hrim Shrim Mam to Shravana. Right knee.
Aim Hrim Shrim Yam Ram to Dhanishta. Left knee.
Aim Hrim Shrim Lam to Shatataraka. Right ankle.
Aim Hrim Shrim Vam Sham to Purvabhadrapada. Left ankle.
Aim Hrim Shrim Sham Sam Ham to Uttara Bhadrapada. Right foot.
Aim Hrim Shrim Lam Ksham Am Ah to Revati. Left foot.

Yogini Nyasa

Meditation: In the Vishuddha chakra in the cavity of the throat, in the 16 petal lotus, is Dakini, rosy, three-eyed, armed with club, sword, trident and shield, with 1 face, striking the ignorant with terror, always fond of milk food, presiding over the skin, whose form is surrounded by very beautiful Amrita &c., worshipped by auspicious holy heroes. Having meditated thus:

Aim Hrim Shrim Dam Dim Da Ma La Va Ra Yum obeisance to Dakini.
Aim Hrim Shrim Am Am Im Im Um Um Em Em Lam Lim Em Aim Aum Om Am Ah, Being of Skin, protect! protect me! Obeisance to you.

The nyasa of Dakini should thus be performed in the 16 petals of the Vishuddha in the throat, with 16 golden letters. On the eastern petal first, meditate in clockwise order on the attendant Shaktis thus:

Aim Hrim Shrim Am obeisance to Amrita; Am to Akarshini; Im to Indrani; Im to Ishani; Um to Uma; Um to Urdhvakeshi; Em to Riddhida; Em to Rikara; Lm to Likara; Lm to Likara; Em to Ekapada; Aim to Aishvaryatmika; Om to Omkara; Aum to Aushadhi; Am to Ambika; Ah obeisance to Akshara.

Meditation: in the heart, in the 12 petal Sun lotus, meditate on Rakini with Kalaratri &c. as attendants, as having two faces, fanged, black in colour, holding rosary, trident, skull cup and damaru, three eyed, who presides over Blood, who likes greasy food, worshipped by auspicious holy heroes, who gives freedom from fear. Thus having meditated:

Aim Hrim Shrim Ram Rim Ra Ma La Va Ra Yum obeisance to Rakini. Aim Hrim Shrim Kam Kham Gam Gham Nam Cham Ccham Jam Jham Nam Tam Tham, 0 Being of Blood, protect! protect me! Obeisance to you.

In the Anahata, the 12 petal lotus, the golden lotus blossom of the day, one should do Rakini nyasa in the petals starting from the east, and going clockwise thus:

Aim Hrim Shrim Kam obeisance to Kalaratri; Kham to Khandita; Gam to Gayatri; Gham to Ghantakarshini; Nam to Narna; Cham to Chanda; Ccham to Chaya; Jam to Jaya; Jham to Jhahkarini; Nam to Jnanarupa; Tam to Tankahasta; Tham to Thankarini obeisance.

Meditation: meditate on Lakini in the 10 petal navel lotus, as having three faces, fanged, of red colour, holding dart, thunderbolt, club and the (mudra) banishing fear, very terrific, inspiring terror, the Flesh devata, liking sweetmeats, bestowing all happiness, attended by Damari and others. Thus having meditated:

Aim Hrim Shrim Lam Lim La Ma La Va Ra Yum obeisance to Lakini. Aim Hrim Shrim Dam Dham Nam Tam Tham Dam Dham Nam Pam Pham, 0 Being of Flesh, protect! protect me!

Thus one should do Lakini nyasa in the golden-red coloured Manipura lotus of 10 petals, and then one should place Her surrounding attendants in the various petals from the east direction:

Aim Hrim Shrim Dam obeisance to Damari; Dham to Dhamkarini; Nam to Narna; Tam to Tamasi; Tham to Sthani; Dam to Dakshaya; Dham to Dhatri; Nam to Nari; Pam to Parvati; Pham to Phatkarini.

Meditation: meditate in the six petal Svadishtana lotus on Kakini, with four faces, three eyes, holding trident, noose, skull, and the mudra banishing fear, ever proud, presiding over Fat, fond of mead, yellow, fond of food mixed with curd, giving desired objects, with Bandhini &c. as attendants. Thus having meditated:

Aim Hrim Shrim Kam Kim Ka Ma La Va Ra Yum obeisance to Kakini. Aim Hrim Shrim Bam Bham Mam Yam Ram Lam, 0 Being of Fat, protect! protect me! Obeisance to yon.

In the petals of the Svadishtana lotus, of six petals, golden in colour, in the genitals, the abode of Kakini, one should place Her retinue of Shaktis, in the east petal first:

Aim Hrim Shrim Barn obeisance to Bandhini; Bham to Bhadrakali; Mam to Mahamya; Yam to Yashasvini; Ram to Rakta; Lam to Lamboshti obeisance.

Meditation: meditate on Sakini, in the four petal Muladhara lotus, as having five faces, three eyes, of smoky colour, presiding over Bone, holding elephant hook, lotus, book, knowledge mudra, liking mudga beans, intoxicated with liquor, attended by the soft Varada &c. Thus having meditated:

Aim Hrim Shrim Sham Shim Sa Ma La Va Ra Yum obeisance to Sakini. Vam Sham Sham Sam, 0 Being of Bone, protect! protect me! Obeisance to you.

In the abode of Sakini, the golden petal Muladhara lotus, one should place Her attendants in the petals, from the East first:

Aim Hrim Shrim Vam obeisance to Varada; Sham to Shri; Sham to Shanda; Sam obeisance to Sarasvati.

Meditation: meditate on Hakini, between the eyebrows, in the two petal bindu lotus, as of white colour, showing the Knowledge mudra, holding damaru, lotus, rudraksha rosary, skull; abiding in the Marrow, with six faces and three eyes, with Hamsavati &c. as attendants, liking saffron flavoured food, doing good to all. Thus having meditated:

Aim Hrim Shrim Ham Him Ha Ma La Va Ra Yum obeisance to Hakini. Aim Hrim Shrim Ham Ksham, 0 Being of Marrow, protect! protect me! Obeisance to you.

In Hakini’s place, the two petal Ajna lotus in the middle of the forehead, in the right and left petals: Aim Hrim Shrim obeisance to Hamsavati; Ksham obeisance to Kshamavati. One should place these two Shaktis and then:

Meditation: Meditate on the auspicious Devi Yakini, residing in the Moon in the pericarp of the 1000 petal lotus in the Brahma Randhra, the presiding devata of Semen, armed with every kind of weapon, with faces on every side, with a host of Shaktis from A to Ksha as attendants, 1000 in number, Amrita first, Kshamavati last, the first of these in the eastern direction, liking every kind of food, devoted to Para Shiva. Having meditated thus:

Aim Hrim Shrim Yam Yim Ya Ma La Va Ra Yum obeisance to Yakini. Aim Hrim Shrim A to Ksha (51), 0 Being of Semen, protect! protect me! Obeisance to you.
In the 1000 petals one should place Her attendants 1000 in number, Amrita first and Kshamavati last.

Rashi Nyasa

Red, white, yellowish white, variegated, black, orange, brown, russet, purple, black and smoky is the order they should be remembered in. Having meditated thus:

Aim Hrim Shrim Am Am Im Im obeisance to Aries. Right foot.
Aim Hrim Shrim Um Um to Taurus. Right of penis.
Aim Hrim Shrim Rm Rm Lm Lm to Gemini. Right of belly.
Aim Hrim Shrim Em Aim to Cancer. Right of heart.
Aim Hrim Shrim Om Aum to Leo. Right shoulder joint.
Aim Hrim Shrim Am Ah Shhm Sham Sam Ham Lam to Virgo. Right of head.
Aim Hrim Shrim Kam Kham Gam Gham Nam to Libra. Left of head.
Aim Hrim Shrim Cham Ccham Jam Jham Nam to Scorpio. Left shoulder joint.
Aim Hrim Shrim Tam Tham Dam Dham Nam to Sagittarius. Left of heart.
Aim Hrim Shrim Tam Tham Dam Dham Nam to Capricornus. Left of belly.
Aim Hrim Shrim Pam Pham Bam Bham Mam to Aquarius. Left of penis.
Aim Hrim Shrim Yam Ram Lam Vam Ksham to Pisces. Left foot.

Pitha Nyasa

White, black, red, dusky, green, yellow are, in sequence, the colours of the 50 sacred sites (Pithas). Having meditated thus, the devotee should place these Pithas using the letters of the alphabet:

Aim Hrim Shrim Am obeisance to Kamarupa. Head.
Aim Hrim Shrim Am Varanasi. Circle of face.
Aim Hrim Shrim Im Nepala. Right eye.
Aim Hrim Shrim Im Paundrardhana. Left eye.
Aim Hrim Shrim Um Purasthira Kashmira. Right ear.
Aim Hrim Shrim Um Kanyakubja. Left ear.
Aim Hrim Shrim Rm Purnashaila. Right nostril.
Aim Hrim Shrim Rm Arbudachala. Left nostril.
Aim Hrim Shrim Rm Amritakeshvara. Right cheek.
Aim Hrim Shrim Lm Ekamraya. Left cheek.
Aim Hrim Shrim Em Trisrotasi. Upper lip.
Aim Hrim Shrim Aim Kamakoti. Lower lip.
Aim Hrim Shrim Om Kailasa. Upper teeth.
Aim Hrim Shrim Aum Bhrigunagara. Lower teeth.
Aim Hrim Shrim Am Kedara. Tongue tip.
Aim Hrim Shrim Ah Chandra Puskarini. Throat.
Aim Hrim Shrim Kam Shripura. Right shoulder joint.
Aim Hrim Shrim Kham Omkara. Right elbow.
Aim Hrim Shrim Gam Jalandhara. Right wrist.
Aim Hrim Shrim Gham Malaya. Right hand finger root.
Aim Hrim Shrim Nam Kulantaka. Right hand finger tips.
Aim Hrim Shrim Cham Devikota. Left shoulder joint.
Aim Hrim Shrim Ccham Gokarna. Left elbow.
Aim Hrim Shrim Jam Maruteshvara. Left wrist.
Aim Hrim Shrim Jham Attahasa. Left hand finger root.
Aim Hrim Shrim Nam Viraja. Left hand finger tips.
Aim Hrim Shrim Tam Rajageha. Right leg joint.
Aim Hrim Shrim Tham Mahapatha. Right knee.
Aim Hrim Shrim Dam Kolapura. Right ankle.
Aim Hrim Shrim Dham Elapura. Right sole of foot.
Aim Hrim Shrim Nam Koleshvara. Right foot toes.
Aim Hrim Shrim Tam Jayantika. Left leg joint.
Aim Hrim Shrim Tham Ujjayini. Left knee.
Aim Hrim Shrim Dam Chitra. Left ankle.
Aim Hrim Shrim Dham Kshirika. Left sole of foot.
Aim Hrim Shrim Nam Hastinapura. Left foot toes.
Aim Hrim Shrim Pam Uddisha. Right side.
Aim Hrim Shrim Pham Prayag. Left side.
Aim Hrim Shrim Bam Shashtisha. Back.
Aim Hrim Shrim Bham Mayapuri. Navel.
Aim Hrim Shrim Mam Jalesha. Belly.
Aim Hrim Shrim Yam Malaya. Heart.
Aim Hrim Shrim Ram Shri Shaila. Right shoulder.
Aim Hrim Shrim Lam Meru. Back of neck.
Aim Hrim Shrim Vam Girivara. Left shoulder.
Aim Hrim Shrim Sham Mahendra. Heart to right hand palm.
Aim Hrim Shrim Sham Vamana. Heart to left hand palm.
Aim Hrim Shrim Sam Hiranyapura. Heart to right foot sole.
Aim Hrim Shrim Ham Mahalakshmi Pura. Heart to left foot sole.
Aim Hrim Shrim Lam Oddiyana. Heart to genitals.
Aim Hrim Shrim Ksham obeisance to Chayachatra. Heart to top of head.

Thus the shodha nyasa is completed.

 

Citation.

 

http://www.shivashakti.com/shodha.htm

 

http://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2014/03/08/devis-51-alphabets-15-syllables-details/

Prophet’s Grave To Be Demolished By Saudi Govt

In Islam on September 24, 2014 at 17:03

A 61 page secret note prepared by Academics has recommended the shifting of the grave of Prophet Mohammed in Saudi Arabia to an anonymous grave yard.

 

 

This note is being considered by the Saudi  Government for implementation.

 

Saudi Arabia follows a stricter version of Islam and it considers the veneration of an individual,Prophet Mohammed as sacrilegious.

 

“The controversial proposals are part of a consultation document by a leading Saudi academic which has been circulated among the supervisors of al-Masjid al-Nabawi mosque in Medina, where the remains of the Prophet are housed under the Green Dome, visited by millions of pilgrims and venerated as Islam’s second-holiest site.

The formal custodian of the mosque is Saudi Arabia’s ageing monarch King Abdullah.

The plans, brought to light by another Saudi academic who has exposed and criticised the destruction of holy places and artefacts in Mecca – the holiest site in the Muslim world – call for the destruction of chambers around the Prophet’s grave which are particularly venerated by Shia Muslims.

The 61-page document also calls for the removal of Mohammed’s remains to the nearby al-Baqi cemetery, where they would be interred anonymously.

There is no suggestion that any decision has been taken to act upon the plans. The Saudi government has in the past insisted that it treats any changes to Islam’s holiest sites with “the utmost seriousness”.

But such is the importance of the mosque to both Sunni and Shia Muslims that Dr Irfan al-Alawi warned that any attempt to carry out the work could spark unrest. It also runs the risk of inflaming sectarian tensions between the two branches of Islam, already running perilously high due to the conflicts in Syria and Iraq.

Hardline Saudi clerics have long preached that the country’s strict Wahhabi interpretation of Islam – an offshoot of the Sunni tradition – prohibits the worship of any object or “saint”, a practice considered “shirq” or idolatrous.

Dr Alawi, director of the Islamic Heritage Research Foundation, said: “People visit the chambers, which are the rooms where the Prophet’s family lived, and turn towards the burial chamber to pray.

“Now they want to prevent pilgrims from attending and venerating the tomb because they believe this is shirq, or idolatry. But the only way they can stop people visiting the Prophet is to get him out and into the cemetery.”

For centuries Muslim pilgrims have made their way to Mecca in order to visit the Kaaba – a black granite cubed building said to be built by Abraham, around which al-Masjid al-Haram, or the Grand Mosque, is built, and towards which every Muslim faces when they pray.”

 

Citation.

http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/world-news/saudi-arabias-proposal-to-destroy-prophet-mohammeds-tomb-and-move-remains-to-anonymous-grave-risks-new-muslim-division-30557589.html

 

 

No Pitru Paksha for Sri Vaishnavas?

In Hinduism on September 22, 2014 at 12:04

A close friend of mine, a Sri Vaishnava told me that he does not perform the Mahalaya Paksha Tharpana.

 

He informed me that , as an Iyengar belonging to Thengalai Sampradya, he does not do it as it is prohibited by Ramanucharya.

 

He told me that the other sect of Iyengars in Tamil Nadu, Vadagalai Iyengars perform the Pitru Paksha Tharpana.

 

 

As I am unable to find any authentic source on this, I am posting my views.

 

Those who know the subject well may quote with source.

 

In Hinduism there are two paths in terms of Lifestyle.

 

One is called Pravritti Marga and another Nivrutti Marga.

 

Pravrutti Marga is the leading of our daily lives , as normally do, by going after the sense objects.

 

Nivrutti Marga is renunciation of the sense objects.

 

Hinduism teaches how to live,taking into account the limitations and the frailties of Human Life including the desire to go after sensory objects for pleasure.

 

So Hinduism has devised the four stages of Life.

 

Brahmacharya, the young Celibate.

 

Gruhastha when one gets married begets children and goes about Life.

 

Vanaprastha,when one, after the son becomes capable managing the Family leaving the Family, either with or without wife to seek Reality either in the Forest or staying at Home in a detached way.

 

My friend quoted Visishtadvaita to support his view that one need not perform the Karmas,excepting Sandhyavanadan and Amavasya Tharpana as Sri Vaishnavism gives priority to surrender to Lord Visnu and once one surrenders himself to God, one need not, should not perform Karma , including Pitru Paksha Tharpana.

 

He quoted the Sloka form the Bhagavad Gita, this is also called the Karna Mantra,,

 

Sarva Dharma Parijyasya Maameka Charanam Vraja,

 

Aham Thva Sarva Paapepyp0Mokshayisyami Maa sucha. Chapter 18

 

Leave all actions, and surrender only to Me.

 

I shall absolve you of all your sins and grant you Moksha’

 

I think my friend does not seem to have understood Krishna and this sloka is often misunderstood.

 

What Krishna says is that he shall grant Moksha and one need not perform any action(Karma)  id one surrenders to Krishna.

 

The surrender , Krishna means a surrender  is not a lip service but one of total Surrender,mind ,words and deeds.

 

By merely saying one has surrendered to Krishna does not mean total surrender.

 

Draupadi who is a cousin of Krishna and an ardent devotee had to throw her arms up and pray Lord Krishna when Dhuchashana was stripping her.

 

Krishna did not pay heed to her earlier entreaties to save her when she held her hands to her saree: only when she devoid of Ego , called out, did Krishna rescue her modesty.

 

Such a devotion is very difficult to come by.

 

It needs years of practice ,Abhyasa and determination(vairagya)

 

This, I think we posses at least I do not.

 

So the statement , presumably said by Ramanucharya, that one need not perform Karmas if one surrenders to Vishnu, is meant for evolved souls;such loved souls like Ramadasas,Ramakrishna Paramahamsa may and can follow this as they had lost Dehatma Buddhi, the attachment to Body.

 

We can not compare ourselves to these souls.

 

Again, wile talking about Renunciation, Krishna says  in the Bhagavad Gita, those who call the,selves Sanyasis , while their Minds are after sense objects, may appear so outwardly. are only Aashaadaboothis(hypocrisy)

 

The determination to relinquish the fruits of action even at the mental level while performing the action is called renunciation.

 

With such a mindset one can even be in family Life, like Janaka, father of Sita.

 

Therefore the non-performance of Pitru Pksha , quoting some Acharya is contrary to Vedas and as such is incorrect as Pitru Yagnya is one of the most important and mandatory Yagnya for every one.

 

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