Posts Tagged ‘Religion & Spirituality’
Ananda Samadhi and
These four belong to Sampraagya or the state attained by being with the Consciousness.
Now Patanjali explains that the real Yoga does not end here.
A Yogi after attaining the Consciousness identification, reaches a stage where he should be able to transcend that stage ,be with the world and yet be with the Consciousness.
This stage is what is described as Asampragyada Samadhi.
This is the stage where the practitioner of Yoga, though he has attained the Sampragya samadhi, returns back, as it were, to the day-to-day World and keeps himself engaged in daily activities, yet remaining one with the Supreme.
On karma Yoga, Krishna explains that when one performs Duty as it has to be performed with out attachment to the fruits thereof, he attains Brahma Nirvana.
The effects of actions do not touch him, he is not caught in the Samskaras or Vasanas(Tendencis extending beyond the present birth).
While talking about Gnana Yoga , Lord Krishna advises that for one who has known that He is Not different from the reality, the Samaskaras leave as leaves are burnt by a raging Fire.
Under Bhakti Yoga, in 18.66, Krishna Declares,
‘Leave all actions,take refuge in Me,,I shall take care of your Sins and Grant you Liberation”
“sarva-dharmān parityajyamām ekaṁ śaraṇaṁ vrajaahaṁ tvāṁ sarva-pāpebhyomokṣayiṣyāmi mā śucaḥ(BG 18.66)”
viramapratyayabhyasapoorvah sanskarashesho anyah
virama = complete cessation;
pratyaya = firmly convinced;
abhyasa poorvah = by the practice;
samskaraseshah = having only impressions remain;
anyah = the other;
By firmly convinced practice of the complete cessation of the mental modifications, the impressions only remain. This is the other samadhi [asamprajnata or non-distinguished].
explanation of the Sutra in the next post.
- Yoga Sutra 1.17 Samadhi Contemplation (ramanan50.wordpress.com)
Samadhi is ‘ a non-dualistic state of consciousness in which the consciousness of the experiencing subject becomes one with the experienced object.’
After discussing Knowledge, instruments of Knowledge,Patanjali goes straight down to Samadhi.
But the narration of the Sutras are not being followed by him here in the order Astanga Yoga is to be practiced.
The reason is that, like all Vedic Mantras, these slokas are not made after deliberation, noting points to write.
These are Revelation,Apauresheyam,not created by Man and are Anaadhi(Timeless)
The sound waves are intuitively grasped by the Seers and are expressed.
At the mundane level, anything creative is born this way, be it Newtons’ Laws or the Dramas of Shakespeare, they are expressed spontaneously with out deliberation).
As this is good place as any let me say a few words about the Eight Limbs of Yoga-Ashtanga(Eight Limbs)
The Eight Limbs or steps of Yoga Are.
These are the eight steps to be followed in that order.
Now I find people have Meditation Courses(?) as if it is an ordinary text-book subject straight without going through the earlier steps of Yama, Niyama, Asana,Pranayama(some times they teach you Asanas as though it is a simple physical exercise and Pranayama is just a matter of regulating Breathing).
This is incorrect and has no sanction from Patanjali’s Yoga.
I am also amused by the people who tell me that they are doing meditation half an hour Daily.
Jumping to Meditation is akin to joining Post Graduate Course without going through LKG to Degree.
And Yoga, I repeat, is not a Physical exercise., though Physical fitness is a spin-off of Yoga.
It is a Spiritual exercise,has to be practiced over years by following the Rules of Ashtanga Yoga.
I ca guarantee those who do not follow the correct procedures to develop backache,Spinal Problems and in extreme cases, mental disturbances.
Please do not take Yoga lightly for we are dealing with something very fragile as Mind and something that is an expression of Ourselves, Consciousness.
The Five Don’ts.
- Ahimsa - Non-violence
- Satya - Truthfulness
- Brahmacharya - Control of the senses and celibacy
- Asteya - Non-stealing
- Aparigraha – Non-covetousness and non-acceptance of gifts
Each of these require a detailed analysis.
Niyama, Five Do’s:
- Saucha – Purity, cleanliness
- Santosha – Contentment
- Tapas – Austerity
- Swadhyaya – Self-study, study of scriptures
- Ishwara Pranidhana – Surrender to God’s will.
- I shall post on each of these as we go along at the appropriate places.
In Sutra 1.17, Patanjali speaks of Samadhi as one which is accompanied or coexistent with or fully conversant with Contemplation.
Right Contemplation is what is required,one with the sole intention of realizing the Self.
This will be dealt in Detail when we discus Pratyahara, Dhyana and Dharana, the various levels of Concentration.
yoga sutra 1.17
Samprajnata samadhi [distinguished contemplation] is accompanied by reasoning, reflecting, rejoicing and pure I-am-ness.
The concentration called right knowledge is that which is followed by reasoning, discrimination, bliss, unqualified ego.
The realisation of the unconditioned being is at times associated with logical reasoning or examination, deep a-rational enquiry, an experience of bliss or of pure I-am-ness. Yet even at those times there is consciousness of the subject-object relationship, and knowledge of the physiological and psychological states, experiences and deeds.
- Indifference Better Yoga Sutra 1.16 (ramanan50.wordpress.com)
Then suddenly I decided to write on Isa Upanishad a couple of Days back.
While dealing with the Isavasya(Isa Upanishad) Upanishad, I thought of writing on performing Actions without attachment in detail.
Some how it got postponed.
Now I find that Isa Upanishad also speaks on the subject in the sloka I have commented upon.
Hence I decided not to postpone this subject and this post.
(As I was writing on Isa Upanishad, I wanted to write on Nirvana Shadgam of Adi Sankaracarya. I misplaced the Text ; I found it to-day and posts will follow)
Action arises out of desires,
Desires of Feelings,
Feelings of satisfaction of instincts.
We can not help acting on our instincts. they are our Swabhava,Nature’ impelled by Gunas.(Refer my posts on Yoga sutra nd Gunas)
We continue seeking the objects that give us satisfaction and happiness.
When we interact with the Object for the first time, we do not have a preconceived notion that it would give us Pleasure.
We come to know of it after we experience them.
So the feelings of Joy oy pain do not reside in the object but in our perception of OUR enjoyment of them.
To remain detached, it is useless to address the issue to these objects, but we need to address the instrument of enjoyment, ourselves.
If we can think out our experiences after our experience of the Object, we will be able to outwit our propensity for enjoyment.
Mere removal of Objects will not drive way your desires, they will haunt your memory and your mind will seek them.
Remaining amidst sense Objects and remain unaffected is true renunciation.
There is this story of Rishyasrunga , a Great Seer, in Ramayana.
Rishyasrunga was a Celibate, A Naishtika Brahmachari.
A Niashtika Brahmachari is one whose semen does not flow downwards, that is, it is not discharged.
This is possible only when all the thoughts of Sex are not present , even unconsciously in the Mind.
Rishyasrunga was living in a Forest alone.
It is a common Belief that if a Naishtika Brahmachari steps into a Town. it would Rain.
A Kingdom was undergoing severe Drought.
The King decided to bring Rishyasrunga to the Kingdom so that it might Rain.
Rishyasrunga was brought to the Kingdom and it rained.
But on seeing women Rishyasrunga was infatuated with women and his thoughts wandered.
He was advised by Sage Vasishta that to be a true Yogi one should be able to remain amidst the sense objects and be self-controlled.
He did so.
When we perform action for the second time, we should distinguish between three types of Action.
Action, Inaction and Non Action.
Action is what we do everyday, with specific goals and the results, with passion.
Inaction is doing nothing.
Non action is performing an action because it has to be performed without any specific goal.
Nor with a desire to derive pleasure out of it.
This is the essence of karma Yoga.
Is this possible?
Actions arise out of emotions, we can not do anything as we are in the process of performing an Action.
Once the performance of Action in over, we can think about it.
We can know the futility of pleasures,they are transient, not in our control, may go away from us.
Now if one thinks about these regularly by reviewing the actions he has performed a Mindset forms to desist from performing these actions in future when the occasion arise.
This performance with out Attachment , where one does not seek the results, but performs to his fullest potential is Karma Yoga.
And this a Path to Self Realization or the practice of Detachment.
We know that the Churches are run like Corporate.
The Vatican has a Budget for Religious Conversion.
This is cloaked under various Heads as Donations, Medicare, orphanage maintenance and the like.
Protestants openly do it in the Evangelicalism.
Religious Conversion by Carrot is the norm’
Targets are set for the Priests for this Noble venture and they are compensated as in a Corporate, by Money,promotions(?!).
In addition, these Saviors called Priests raise funds from the laity.
And they amass wealth.
He has more than 5 million followers, whose donations over the last 36 years have made him a billionaire..
“In Brazil, where he was born and raised, he is a major national figure, the subject of dozens of criminal inquiries, and the owner of Rádio & Televisão Record, a media conglomerate that runs the country’s second-largest television network. He is known to most everyone by the title he created for himself: He is O Bispo—“The Bishop.” Macedo is the founder of the Universal Church of the Kingdom of God, a Pentecostal denomination specializing in prosperity theology, which links faith to financial success. He preaches twice a week, often in two different cities, and the sermons are fervently watched on church websites, his Facebook page, and the miniature TV sets that Brazilian taxi drivers like to keep on their dashboard. Now and then he holds outdoor events that draw crowds of half a million. In February he addressed 5,000 of his parishioners at one of his churches in Belo Horizonte, in southeastern Brazil. High overhead, a stained-glass cross lit by fluorescent bulbs took up most of the ceiling while a theater-size screen blew him up for the pews in the back. He paced back and forth on the stage, explaining the intersection of God and money. “Which is the largest country in the world, economically speaking? It’s America, the United States. Do you know why? Because way back—this is history, you can look it up on the Internet—the colonization was done by men who believed in the word of God. And they were tithers,” he said. “That’s why you see on the dollar bill: ‘In God we trust.’ ”
In Macedo’s teaching, tithing, or giving 10 percent of your income to the church, is a mandate from God…
The Bloomberg Billionaires Index estimates his wealth at $1.2 billion, entirely because of his ownership of Rádio & Televisão Record. The conglomerate’s namesake TV network produces standard commercial fare: telenovelas (sometimes Biblical), sex-infused reality shows, and journalism that dwells on grisly crimes. Record also runs a cable news channel, a handful of radio stations, three newspapers, a film-production company, and even a small bank, as well as cable and satellite units scattered around the world.
Macedo purchased Record, then just a debt-ridden TV network, in 1989 for $45 million. The transaction led to an investigation by Brazil’s tax agency, which found that he’d used interest-free loans from the Universal Church to fund it, and fined him for failing to declare the loans as income. In his defense, Macedo said he’d bought Record on behalf of the church to create the country’s first evangelical TV network.”
The gullible who sway , swoon and pay up for these good for nothings.
Watch his facial expressions,tremendous actor!
In Sutra 1.13,it was explained how one should go about practicing without bothering about the opinion and comments by the others.
Having commenced the Practice, one has to do it systematically and regularly to make it Perfect.
As in Life, practice is necessary to make anything perfect.
One man have a loads of Talent.
Only when it is fine boned does it become perfect
Practice is what makes Perfection.
We know that , sportsperson, keep themselves ready and raring to go, by constant practice.
This action of practicing must be regular and be uninterrupted..
Uninterrupted practice becomes easy when the Resolution is steadfast .
Those who have tried to do a particular puja would have noticed that it gets interrupted, making them drop it.
Hinduism anticipates this.
They believe that this, apart from the individual’s lack of resolution and laziness, is due to disturbance from the forces that tend to disturb the regularity of practice.
To ward of this,a Pooja has, foe every Maha Mantra like Lalitha Sahasranama or Vishnu Sahasranama, Anga Nyasa, Kara Nyasa.
This procedure ensures that the practice does not get disturbed by the forces , not in control of the individual.
One must, in order to succeed in Yoga Sadhana, Practice regularly.
Good habits are difficult to get set while Bad Habits are easy to acquire.
sa - that [practice]
tu – but
dīrgha – long
kāla – time
nairantarya – without interruption
satkāra – with great attention
āsevitaḥ – practicing assiduously
dṛḍha – firmly
“But that practice only becomes firmly established when it has been executed with great attention and without interruption over a long period of time”
- How To ‘Practice, Resolution’ Yoga Sutra 1.13 (ramanan50.wordpress.com)
- Denying Senses Is Not Yoga, Patanjali Yoga Sutra 3 (ramanan50.wordpress.com)