Posts Tagged ‘Purusha’

Vishnu With Four Heads

In Hinduism on October 20, 2014 at 18:27

Lord Vishnu ,from the Vedic stand point, is a form of Narayana,who is a manifestation of Purusha.


Vishnu is the Protector, the word Vishnu is from the Sanskrit word ‘Jishnu’, that which sustains.


His forms are many ,so are His Avatars, numbering 10/12.


Vishnu with FourHeads.jpg


The Vishnu Sahasranama calls Him as,





‘Chaturmurthi,Chatur  Bahu’, Chatur Vyuha, Chatur Gathi ‘four headed, with four arms, four manifestations, and four Goals.


I was curious to find out the reference as one normally sees Vishnu with One head and Four arms.


The first reference of  Vishnu with Head appears in the Mahabharata.


Though I am unable to locate any temple associated with this form., there are Temples in Kashmir with this Icon.


If there is any temple or the Icon is known to some people, please send in the information.


The Four Heads represent ,






Varaha, the Boar Avatar,


and Kapila ,representing Ferociousness or Asura Bhava.


This is one interpretation.


My view is that as Sage Kapila, the Founder of Samkhya System of Indian Philosophy, is an Avatar of Vishnu, the fourth face may represent him.


Pancharatra system explains thus,


Vasudeva (Krishna), Samkarshana (Balarama), Pradyumna and Aniruddha – four vyuhas (manifestations) of Vishnu.








The Three Vishnus

In Hinduism on October 19, 2014 at 10:41

Vishnu, from the Vedic angle, is different from Purusha and Narayana.


While Purusha is the Cosmic form of Reality as explained in the Purusha Suktha,Narayana is he principle that governs the Universe setting the principles,


Nara Ayana, Path to be Followed by Humans.



There is another explanation that one who sleeps in the Water, Nara meaning Water.


Vishnu is different from Purusha and Narayana.


The term Vishnu is from Jishnu in Sanskrit,meaning one that suppots.


Vishnu is the Protector and His wife is Bhuma Devi, the Earth.


Vishnu was the One who has allowed King Bruthu to plough the Eart,.


Hence the name Prihvi for Earth.


Gaudiya Vaishnavam, there is a view that there are three aspects of Vishnus, or three Vishnus.


The Supreme God is Maha Vishnu.


This is represented by the Mahat Tatva of Sankhya.


Sankhya elaborates the Principles of Evolution, Starting from Mahat to Purusha, Prakriti,Ahamkaara,Three Gunas,Buddhi,Five Tanmatras, Five Elements,Five Organs of action, Five organs of Knowledge.


Ther form of Vishnu is Garbhodakaśāyī Vishnu.


This form is in the form of Creation of the Universe.


The third, Kṣīrodakaśāyī Vishnu, is diffused as the all-pervading Supersoul in all the universes in heart of every living being and is known as Paramātmā. He is present even within the atoms. Real object of meditation in Yoga is a Paramātmā. Anyone who knows them can be liberated from material entanglement..



Language Of Gods Maths And Hinduism

In Hinduism on August 27, 2014 at 18:41

I have read an interesting academic paper on Mathematics involving Higher Mathematics of Numbers and was struck by its findings and the Truths expressed in hinduism Five Thousand years ago intuitively.



First let me state something about relevant numerical in Indian thought.


Ekam-1  Brahman

Dwi-2. Purusha and Prakriti

Thrini-3.Sattva, Rajas,Tamas; Brahma, Vishnu, Rudra.

Shasti-6.Six sense organs, indian Philosophy classifies Mind as an Organ like mouth, eyes ..

Nava-9.Navarasas, Nine expressions of the Living.Navagrahas,Navamsa,Navaveeras( of Shiva, along with Subrahmanya)


Here one finds from the subtle Brahman , gradually becoming gross through the others till it reaches the level of the expressions of Humans.


Now to Mathematics of Numbers.

Fibinocci Numbers.png.

A simple number pattern, known as the Fibonacci Series, sits at the heart of the marvelous architecture and patterns of life and growth. Image source.http://blog.world-mysteries.com/science/the-language-of-god/


Marko Rodin and God’s Particle

Marko Rodin has indeed discovered natures secret about 3,6, and 9.
“We have to cast out all 9′s.” What does that mean? It means that any number that isabove the value 9 or one place value is going to be added together to get a single digit.
So this means if we have a number 26, we add 2+6 to get 8, which is its “archetype”. If we do this for all numbers while doubling and halving, we get a pattern.
This. The secret to the Universe is DOUBLING and HALVING.

Let’s double the number 1 and found out what pattern we get.

1  1
2  2
4  4
8  8
16  7 (1+6=7)
32  5 (3+2=5)

64  1 (6+4=10, 1+0=1)
128  2 (1+2+8=11, 1+1=2)
256  4 (2+5+6=13, 1+3=4)
512  8 (5+1+2=8)
1024  7 (1+0+2+4=7)
2048  5 (2+0=4+8=14, 1+4=5)

Actually, every 6 sets repeats into infinity in this way.
You can also do the same by halving, or dividing the 1 into many parts.
Anyway.. there is more, like how 3, 6, and 9 are never present amongst other numbers in the double scheme.

12 (1+2=3)
24 (2+4=6)
48 (4+8=12, 1+2=3)
96 (9+6=15, 1+5=6)

3 and 6′s are constantly oscillating back and forth between each other in the doubling and halving scheme.

Now let’s double 9.
18 (1+8=9)
27 (2+7=9)
36 (3+6=9)
45 (4+5=9)
54 etc. starts over backwards here.

So 9 is the unchanging, unwavering number that never really loses its true identity, even though it is undergoing a constant state changing.
Watch Marko Rodins videos on YouTube and just try to understand what he’s saying. Basically he’s found the math to the real “God Particle” or particle of Spirit, known as Brahman in the Vedas, and he has shown how it can be observed, but not with physical instruments.



he Fibonacci series has a pattern that repeats every 24 numbers

Numeric reduction is a technique used in analysis of numbers in which all the digits of a number are added together until only one digit remains.  As an example, the numeric reduction of 256 is 4 because 2+5+6=13 and 1+3=4.  Applying numeric reduction to the Fibonacci series produces an infinite series of 24 repeating digits:

1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 4, 3, 7, 1, 8, 9, 8, 8, 7, 6, 4, 1, 5, 6, 2, 8, 1, 9

If you take the first 12 digits and add them to the second twelve digits and apply numeric reduction to the result, you find that they all have a value of 9.

1st 12 numbers:                                              1    1    2    3    5    8    4    3    7    1    8    9
2nd 12 numbers:                                             8    8    7    6    4    1    5    6    2    8    1    9
Numeric reduction – Add rows 1 and 2:             9    9    9    9    9    9    9    9    9    9    9   18
Final numeric reduction – Add digits of result:    9    9    9    9    9    9    9    9    9    9    9    9

This pattern was contributed both by Joseph Turbeville and then again by a mathematician by the name of Jain.




Mathematics Principle Of Threes Confirms Hinduism

In Hinduism, Science on June 11, 2014 at 08:12

Recent Mathematical Study of Numbers and Quantum has proved the Hinduism‘s Theory of Number Three.


Hinduism ascribes special status to Number Three.


Quantum Principle of Three.Image.jpg.

Harald Ritsch/IQOQI Efimov trimers are states of matter that theoretically come in an infinite range of sizes. Experimentalists recently observed consecutive trimers, verifying the strange theory.


Fundamental principles of Universe is three-Creation,Sustenance and Destruction(Hiding and Benevolence,Thirodhaana and Anugraha are implied in

these three.


The Three principles of Evolution of the Universe.


Purusha, Prakriti.


Implied in this, which is not often noticed, is the ‘Sparsa Matra’, between these two.



Sparsa is loosely defied as touch.


It is more than touch,more than a touch without touching, difficult to translate the Sanskrit word.


The Purusha and Prakriti are two entities evolves only after Sparsa Matra, just the moment after touching.


So along with Purusha and Prakriti, this makes the Trinity of Principles facilitating  Evolution.


Three Gunas, Dispositions, Sathva, Raja, and Tamas.


The trinity of Hindu Pantheon, Brahma, Vishnu an Rudra.


The Three Yogas,


Jnana Yoga,


Karma Yoga,


Bhakthi Yoga.


Pranava consists of Three letters.






Three layers of Nature, Light, Fire and Darkness.


States of Being-Immanent, Transcendent and Absolute.


Periods of The Day, Morning, Noon and Evening.


Three Primary worlds Bur, Bhuvah, Suvah.


Three breaths, Poorakam(inhaling0, Rechakam(exhaling) and Kumbhakam(retention).


The triangle of female genital organ,


The Three synchronization, Thoughts, Words an Deeds.


The mark(3) worn By shaivites and Vaishnavas(three lines on the forehead.


The three strands of Upaveeda.


Three primary Stages of life, Asrama-Brahmacharya, Gruhastha and Vanaprastha-Sanyasa can be practiced in any of the three.


The importance of three is elaborately explained thus.


Now Mathematical research has proved the Principle of three.


“In 1970, Vitaly Efimov was manipulating the equations of quantum mechanics in an attempt to calculate the behavior of sets of three particles, such as the protons and neutrons that populate atomic nuclei, when he discovered a law that pertained not only to nuclear ingredients but also, under the right conditions, to any trio of particles in nature.


While most forces act between pairs, such as the north and south poles of a magnet or a planet and its sun, Efimov identified an effect that requires three components to spring into action. Together, the components form a state of matter similar toBorromean rings, an ancient symbol of three interconnected circles in which no two are directly linked. The so-called Efimov “trimer” could consist of a trio of protons, a triatomic molecule or any other set of three particles, as long as their properties were tuned to the right values. And in a surprising flourish, this hypothetical state of matter exhibited an unheard-of feature: the ability to range in size from practically infinitesimal to infinite.

“It’s a pretty wild idea,” said Randy Hulet, a physics professor at Rice University in Houston. “You get this infinite series of molecules.”

Efimov had shown that when three particles come together, a special confluence of their forces creates the Borromean rings effect: Though one is not enough, the effects of two particles can conspire to bind a third. The nesting-doll feature — called discrete scale invariance — arose from a symmetry in the equation describing the forces between three particles. If the particles satisfied the equation when spaced a certain distance apart, then the same particles spaced 22.7 times farther apart were also a solution. This number, called a “scaling factor,” emerged from the mathematics as inexplicably as pi, the ratio between a circle’s circumference and diameter.

“It’s like layers of an onion,” Hulet said. “You see molecules at one layer. Peel the layer away, and you see that there’s a molecule there 22.7 times smaller. Every time you peel away a layer, you find another molecule.”..



Rudi Grimm and his group at the University of Innsbruck in Austria managed to create an Efimov trimer for the first time in 2006, building it from a trio of cesium atoms cooled to 10-billionths of a degree above absolute zero. It was a long-awaited triumph for Efimov, who, Grimm recalled, became very emotional when he heard the news.

But the result did not decisively prove the theory.

“With just one example, it’s very difficult to tell if it’s a Russian nesting doll,” said Cheng Chin, a professor of physics at the University of Chicago who was part of Grimm’s group in 2006. The ultimate proof would be an observation of consecutive Efimov trimers, each enlarged by a factor of 22.7. “That initiated a new race” to prove the theory, Chin said.

Eight years later, the competition to observe a series of Efimov states has ended in a photo finish. “What you see is three groups, in three different countries, reporting these multiple Efimov states all within about one month,” said Chin, who led one of the groups. “It’s totally amazing.”


Quoted Text and Image Citation Credit.




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Source Of Hindu Daily Mantras Gayatri Mahanarayana Upanishad

In Hinduism on May 15, 2014 at 12:16

Hinduism has as its source The Vedas.


Vedas have two broad classification in respect of Knowledge and Duties, Gnana Kanda and Karma Kanda.


These two are not segregated and appear throughout the Four Vedas.


One has to segregate the Karma Kanda from the Gnana Kanda, which consists of Hymns and the enquiry into the Nature of The Self, the Upanishads.


One has, in Hinduism two kinds of Duties.


One is Nithya Karma, Daily Duties that are to be performed regularly daily and another Naimithika Karma, Duties to be performed with a specific purpose and for specific occasions.



Today, we have all the Mantras and Rituals inan orderly fashion and we follow them.


The source, the Vedas are vast and the information is spread over.


How and who organised it?

Maha Narayana Upanishad.Image.jpg.

Maha Narayana Upanishad.


Apasthamba organised it for those who live below the Geographical area Vindhya and Sathpura Range of Mountains.


But he had a pointer and for those in the Northern area of Vindhyas, there is  a master file of Reference, which is not well known.


Curiously it is an Upanishad that deals with not only with the enquiry into Reality but to daily Routine and other Mantras for specific occasions.


The Mahanarayana Upanishad is in Krishna Yajur Veda.


It contains the daily duties , procedures, mantras, and Devatha Gayatris.


This Upanishad is also called Yagniki Upanishad as it deals at length with passages from Vedas and other Upanishads in parts or full used in religious acts of worship. According to Sage Sayana this Upanishad contains whatever mantras left over to be chanted in respect of Karma, Upaasana and Jnaana after the recital of Samhitha and Braahmana which are brought together in this rare compilation.


Gayatri mantras in Maha Narayana Upanishad.


Rudra Gaayatri—“Purushasya vidma sahasraakshasya mahadevasya dheemahi | tannoe rudrah prachoedayaat || — we meditate upon the Purusha. We meditate upon Mahadeva the omniscient for that purpose. May that God Rudra, prompt us that meditation upon the Purusha!
“Tatpurushasya vidmahe mahaadevaaya dheemahi | Tannoe rudrah prachoedayaat”—we meditate upon that Purusha (Paramaatman).
We meditate on Mahadeva for that purpose. May that Rudra invigorate us in our action of meditating on Purusha!
Ganesha Gaayatri—“Tatpurushaaya vidmahe vakratundaaya dheemahi | Tannoe dantih prachoedayaat ||”
We meditate upon that Purusha. We meditate on the Lord with curved trunk for that purpose.
May the Lord with the elephant face (Lord Ganesha) invigorate us!
Garuda Gayatri—”Tatpurushaaya vidmahe suvarnapakshaaya dheemahi | Tannoe garudah prachoedayaat ||”–
We meditate upon that Purusha.

We meditate upon the one who has beautiful colored wings for that purpose. May the Garuda invigorate us in our meditation to Purusha.
Durga Gaayatri—”Kaatyaayanaaya vidmahe kanyakumaari dheemahi | Tannoe durgeeh pra-choedayaat ||” –
 We meditate upon Durga who belongs to Kaatyaayana gotra (lineage), who is the resplendent maiden. May Durga invigorate us in our act of meditation!
Vishnu Gaayatri—”Narayanaya Vidmahe vaasudevaaya dheemahi | Tannoe vishnuh prachoedayaat”–
We meditate upon Naaraayana. For that we meditate upon Vaasudeva.
May that Lord Vishnu invigorate us! [In Srivaishnava concept Narayana is Parabrahman].
This Upanishad contains several other Gayatri Mantras which are self explanatory and as follows: 
Nandi Gaayatri—Tatpurushaaya vidmahe chakratundaaya dheemahi | Tannoe nandih prachoedayaat ||
Subhramanya Gaayatri—Tatpurushaaya vidmahe mahaasenaaya dheemahi | Tannas shanmukhah prachoedayaat ||
Brahma Gaayatri—Vedaatmanaaya vidmahe hiranyagabhaaya dheemahi | Tannoe brahma prachoedayaat ||
Narasimha Gaayatri—Vajranakhaaya vidmahe teekshnadamshtraaya dheemah \ Tannoe narasingh prachoedayaat ||
Sooryadeva Gaayaatri—Bhaaskaraaya vidmahe mahaadyutikaaraaya dheemahi | Tannoe aadityah prachoedayaat ||
Agnideva Gayatri—Vaisvaanaraaya vidmahe laaleelaaya dheemahi | Tannoe agnih prachoedayaat ||
There are very many Gayatree-mantras scattered all over Hindu Scriptures and contained in Stotras (divine songs).
Bhudevi Gaayatri – Dhanurdharaayai vidmahe sarvasiddhyai cha dheemahi | Tannoe dharaa prachoedayaat ||[Bhoosooktam]
Lakshmi Gaayatri—Mahaadevyai cha vidmahe vishnupatnyai cha dheemahi | Tannoe lakshmeeh prachoedayaat || (Sree sooktam)
Hamsa GaayatriHamsa hamsaaya vidmahe paramahamsaaya dheemahi | Tannoe hamsah prachoedayaat || [Medhaasooktam; Hamsa is an avatar of Vishnu. Here Hamsa means Brahman]
Soorya Gaayatri—Aadityaaya vidmahe sahasra-kiranaaya dheemahi | Tannoe sooryah prachoedayaat ||
Sudarsana Gaayatri—Sudarsanaaya vidmahe jwaalaa-chakraaya dheemahi | Tannoe chakrah prachoedayaat ||
The following popular hymn in praise of Mother Earth, consort of Lord Vishnu is chanted regularly:
Samudra vasane devi | parvata sthana mandale ||
Vishnupatnee namstubhyam | paadasparsam kshamasva me |
This hymn has been based on the following three Vedic Mantras mentioned in Mahaa Narayana Upanishad.
Asvakraante rathakraante vishnukraante vasundharaa | sirasaa dhaaritaa devi rakshasva maam pade pade ||
Uddhritaasi varaahena krishnena satabaahunaa || Bhoomir-dhenur-dharanee loka-dhaarinee ||
Mrittike hana me paapam yanmayaa dushkritam kritam | Tvayaa hatena paapena jeevaami saradah satam || mrittike dehi may pushtim tvayi sarvam pratishtitam ||
Gandhadvaaraam duraadharshaam nityapushtaam kareeshineem | Easvareegam sarva- bhootaanam taamihopahvaye sriyam ||
Aditirdevaa gandharvaa manushyaah pitaroesuraa-stesha(ga)m sarvabhootaanaam maataa medinee | mahatee mahee saavitree gaayatree jagatyurvee prithvee bahulaa visvaa bhootaa katamaa ka yaa saa satyeti amriteti vasishthah ||


Sansdyavandhan Mantras.
Aapah punantu prithiveem prithivee pootaa punaatu maam | punantu brahmanaspatir-brahma pootaa punaatu maam || Yad-ucchishtam-bhojyam yadvaa duscharitam mama | Sarvam punantu maam-aapoe-asataancha pratigraha(g)am svaahaa || 
Agnischa maa manyuscha manyu-patayascha-manyukritebhyah paapebhyoe rakshantaam | Yadahna paapamakaarsham | manasaa vaachaa hastaabhyaam | padbhyaam-udarena sisnjaa | ahastad-avalumpatu | yat kincha duritam mayi | idamaham maam-amrityoenau | satye jyotishi juhoemi svaahaa ||
Sooryascha maa manyuscha manyukritebhyah | paapebhyoe rakshantaam | yad-raatryaa paaam–akaarsham | manasaa vaachaa hastaabhyaam padbhyaam-udarena sisnjaa | raatris-tad-avalumpatu | yat kincha–duritam mayi | idamaham maam-amrityoenau | soorye jyoetishi juhoemi svaahaa ||
Invocation of Gaayatri
Aayaatu varadaa devee aksharam brahma-samhitam | Gaayatreem cchandasaam maatedam brahma jushasva nah || oejoe-aci sahoe-aci balamaci bhraajoeci | devaanaam dhaamanaamaaci visvamaci visvaayuh | sarvamaci sarvaayur-abhibhooroem gayatreem-aavaha yaami |
Sending off Gayatri
Uttame sikhare devee bhoomyaam parvata-moordhani | Braahmanebhyoe hyanujnaanam gaccha devi yathaa-sukham ||
Gaayatri Mantra
Om bhooh | Om bhuvah | Ogam suvah | Om mahah | Om janah | Om tapah | O(ga)m satyam | Om tat saviturvarinyam bhargoe devasya dheemahi | dhiyoe yoenah | prachoedayaat | Om-aapoe jyotee rasoe-amritam brahma bhoor-bhuvas-suvaroem ||
Om bhoor-bhuvas-suvar-mahar-janas-tapas-satyam tad brahma tad-aapa aapoe jyoetee-rasoe-amritam brahma bhoor-bhuvas-suvaroem ||
Om tad Brahma | Om tad Vaayuh | Om tadaatmaa | Om tat satyam | Om tat sarvam | Om tat puroer-namah ||
Praanoe-nivishtoe-amritam juhomi | Praanaaya svaahaa |
Apaane nivishtoe-amritam juhomi | apaanaaya svaahaa |
Vyaane nivishtoe-amritam juhomi | Vyaanaaya svaahaa |
Udaane nivishtoe-amritam juhomi | Udaanaaya svaahaa |
Samaane nivishtoe-amritam juhomi | Samaanaaya svaahaa |
Brahmani ma aatma-amritatvaaya |
Praane nivishtoe-amritam juhomi | sivoe maa visaapradaahaaya | Praanaaya svaahaa ||
Apaane nivishtoe-amritam juhomi | sivoe maa visaapradaahaaya | Apaanaaya svaahaa ||
Vyaane nivishtoe-amritam juhomi | sivoe maa visaapradaahaaya | Vyaanaaya svaahaa ||
Udaane nivishtoe-amritam juhomi | sivoe maa visaapradaahaaya | Udaanaaya svaahaa ||
Samaane nivishtoe-amritam juhomi sivoe maa visaapradaahaaya | Samaanaaya svaahaa ||
Brahmani ma aatmaa-amritatvaaya ||
Amritoe-pidhaanamsi |–You are the cover of the form of nectar. (Please wrap around the food consumed with nectar.)
(Self-purifcation Mantras)
Then the following two mantras are addressed to gastric fire (Jatharaagni).
Scriptures prescribe this for chanting after Uttaraapoesana (after sipping water to conclude the meal).
Partaking of food is not for just nourishing the physical body but for supporting Self to surrender itself to the Paramaatman.
The Self is offered or surrendered to Parmaatman or Brahman and therefore this mantra is called Praanaahuti or symbolic sacrifices of five Praanas.
Sraddhaayaam Praane nivisya-amritagam hutam | Praanamannena-aapyaayasva ||
Apaane nivisya-amritagam hutam | Apaanamannena-aapyaayasva |
Vyaane nivisya-amritagam hutam | Vyaanamannena –aapyaayasva ||
Udaane nivisya-amritagam hutam | Udaanamannena-aapyaayasva ||
Samaane nivisya-amritagam hutam | Samaanamannena-aapyaayasva ||
Brahmani ma aatmaa-amritatvaaya ||
I, the believer in faith, oblate this food in the form of nectar for the sake of the vital force Praana.
Nourish Praana with that. This food of the form of nectar is offered as oblation for the sake of Apaana with faith.
Nourish Apaana with that food.
This food of the form of nectar is offered as oblation for the sake of Vyaana with faith.
Nourish Vyaana with that food.
This food is of the form of nectar is offered as oblation for the sake of Udaana with faith.
Nourish Udaana with that food.
This food is of the form of nectar is offered as oblation for the sake of Samaana with faith.
Nourish Samaana with that food.
May my Aaatman (Self), offered as oblation become fit for immortality.
Praanaa-naam granthi-rasoe rudroe maa-aavisaantakah | tena-annena-apyaayasva (sadaasivom) ||
Angushtamaatrah purushoe-angushthascha samaasritah | Easah sarvasya jagatah prabuh preenaati visva-bhuk ||
Na tatra sooryoe bhaati na chandrataarakam nemaa vidyutoe bhati kutoeyam-agnih |
Tameva bhaantam-anubhaati sarvam tasya bhaasa sarvam-idam vibhaati ||
There the Sun does not shine; neither the moon and the stars, nor do the flashes of the lightening shine. How can then the ordinary fire? All these shine after the Supreme Being (Paramaatman), who is ever shining. (He is the cause of all other lights).
Mahanarayana Upanishad also contains the following two mantras similar to the above which are employed during the worship of the Lord.
Uddeepyasva jaatavedoe-apaghnan nirritim mama | Pasoo(ga)mscha mahyam-aavaha jeevanamscha disoe dasaa ||
Oh Jaataveda (Omniscient Lord)! Shine brilliantly, destroying my sin. Bring to me animals that are useful for your worship. Bring to me from all the ten directions food and others essentials for my livelihood. (This refers to the dawn that brings morning light and with it life.)
Maanoe hi(ga)mseej-jaatavedo gaamasvam purusham jagat | abibhradagna aagahi sriyaa maa paripaataya ||
Jaataveda, the Omniscient, we pray to you not to slay the world of cattle, horses and men that belong to us. Oh Lord of Fire, come to us without your terrible form. Bring us wealth and prosperity.
[Many of the Mantras of this Upanishad are chanted by Vaishanvites, Saivites and Sakta followers while worshipping their favorite deities.
It looks as though later some of these Mantras have been adopted by Saivites and glorified as being exclusive to Lord Siva or Paarvati even though they are found in this Upanishad which is devoted to Lord Narayana, who is Paramatman as per Ramanuja.
Some of these are Sivoepaasana Mantras, Tvarita Rudram Panchaanana Upaasanam and Durgasooktam].
The following five Mantras are interpreted by commentators as belonging to Lord Rudra.
The five names of Sadyojata, Vaamadeva, Aghora, Tatpurusha and Easaana signify the five faces (Panchaanana) of Lord Siva.
These prayers are introduced after Medhasookta in Mahanarayana Upanishad, as Medha (Jnaana or Intellect) is to be obtained from Rudra.

Sadyoejaatam prapadyaami sadyoejaataaya vai namah |
Bhavebhave naatibhave bhajasva maam bhavoed-bhavaaya namah ||
I surrender unto the Lord who was born at the very moment of His will.
Obeisance to that lord who was born at his will instantaneously.
May I not have repeated births, Please bless me! My obeisance are to him, from whom all effects emerge (for He is the cause).
Vaamadevaaya namoe jyeshthaaya namoe rudraaya namah |
Kaalaaya namah kala-vikaranaaya namoe bala-vikaranaaya namoe
bala-pramathanaaya namas-sarvabhoota-damanaaya namoe manoenmanaaya namah ||
Obeisance to Vaamadeva, the auspicious One; obeisance to the eldest; obeisance to Rudra, who drives away the disease of Samsaara (worldly miseries);
obeisance to the destroyer; obeisance to One who is the cause of Time (divisions of moment, good and bad times); obeisance to the One who subdues all living beings;
obeisance to One who is the agitator of the mind.
Aghoerebhyoe-atha ghoerebhyoe ghoera-ghoeratarebhyas-sarvatas-sarva sarvebhyoe namaste astu rudra-roopebhyah ||
Oh Paramaatman! Obeisance unto the auspicious forms of yours, that are not terrible, or terrible or terribly terrible. Obeisance to you who has numerous forms that bestows good. (The Lord embodies all characteristics—good and terrible.)
Tatpurushaaya vidmahe Mahaadevaaya dheemahi tannoe rudrah prachoedayaat ||
We meditate upon that Purusha who is Naraayana. For that we meditate on Mahadeva. May the Lord Rudra fulfill by invigorating us! [In Mahaanaarayana Upanishad Purusha is referred to as Naaraayana or Supreme Brahman or Paramaatman]
Easaanas-sarva-vidyaanaam-eesvaras-sarva-bhootaanam-brahma-adhipatir-brahmanoe-adhipati-brahmaa sivoe may astu sadaasivom ||
The Lord of all branches of knowledge, the Lord of all animate beings, the Supreme master of the Vedas, the Lord of Brahma the four-faced, the one who has Brahma as his body, the one who is ever free from anything defiling, the one whose name is Pranava, OM, may that Lord be one who bestows all good things on me! [Sadaasiva means ever auspicious]
Nidhanaaya namah | Nidhana-pataantikaaya namah | Oordhvaaya namah | Oordhva-lingaaya namah | Hiranyaaya namah | Hiranya-lingaaya namah | Suvarnaaya namah | Suvarna-lingaaya namah | Divyaaya namah | Divya-lingaaya namah | Bhavaaya namah | Bhava-lingaaya namah |
Sarvaaya namah | Sarva-lingaaya namah | Sivaaya namah | Siva-lingaaya namah | Jwaalaaya namah | Jwaala-lingaaya namah | Aatmaaya namah | Aatma-lingaaya namah | Paramaaya namah | Parama-lingaaya namah | Etat-soemasya sooryasya sarva-lingam sthaapayati paanimantram pavitram ||
Sarvo vai rudras-tasmai rudraaya namoe astu |Purushoe vai rudrassan maho namo namah |
Viswam bhootam bhuvanam chitram bahudhaa jaatam | Jaayamaanancha-yat |
Sarvo hyesha rudras-tasmai namo astu ||
Kadrudraaya prachetase meedhushta-maaya tavyase | Vochema santama(ga)m hride |
Sarvoe hyesha rudras-tasmai rudraaya namo astu ||
He is the creator because he functions as Creator. May we offer our pleasant praise to Lord Rudra who is acutely intelligent, who keeps the world fertile with rain and other things and who is an ascetic and who is very pleasing to the heart! (Kan means he acts like four faced Brahma)
Namo hiranya-baahave hiranya-pataye ambikaapataye Umaapatataye Namo namah ||
Our Obeisance to Lord Rudra, who is the consort of Ambika or Uma, whose handsome arms are bedecked with gold ornaments, and who is the master of all riches!
[These three mantras are called Twarita–Rudra mantras. These are to be repeatedly chanted by those who seek quick fulfillment of their desires.]
Vidhartaara(ga)m havaamahe vasoeh kuvidwaanaati nah | Savitaaram nri-chakshasam ||
Adyaa noe deva savitah prajaavat saavees-saubhagam | Paraa dush-vapinya(ga)m suva ||
Oh resplendent Lord Savitar! You have blessed us with prosperity in the form of off-springs.
Please help us discard the fear caused by bad dreams.
Madhu vaataa ritaayate madhu ksharanti sindhavah | maadhveer-nassantva-oeshadeeh ||
 May the winds blow and rain shower bliss on me who is anxious to reach Paramaatman!
May the oceans likewise be kind to me!
May plants and herbs also be kind to me!
Madhu naktam-utoshaci madhumat paarthiva(ga)m rajah | madhu dyaur-astu nah pitaa ||
May all things bring pleasantness to me both during day and night!
May all elements on earth be sweet to me!
May the heavens, the abode of my ancestors (Pitrus) bring always joy to me!
Madhumaannoe vanspatir madhumaa(ga)m astu sooryah | Maadhveer gaavoe bhavantu nah ||
May plants and trees be sweet to us!
May the Lord Soorya (Sun God) be always pleasant to us!
May the cows be sweet to us!
Viswaani deva savitar duritaani paraasuva | Yad bhadram tanma aasuva ||
Oh Resplendent Lord Savitar! You are the cause of the Universe;
please destroy all our sins.
Please grant us that which is good (for we even do not know what is good to us)!
[These mantras are chanted seeking peace from external and atmospheric and natural disturbances that uproot our lives while conducting fire sacrifices (yajnas) for peace. This is a famous mantra chanted often]

Krinushvapaaja iti pancha | Five mantras for destruction called Krinushvapaaja. 

The following five mantras are to be meditated upon for the destruction of hostile influences found in Taittareeya Samhita and repeated in this Upanishad.

Krinushava-paajah prasitim na prithveem yaahi raajevam-avaagam ibhena |
Trishvirna-manu prasitim droonanoe-astaasi vidhya rakshasas-tapishthaih ||

Put forth your valor like a spread out net. Go like a mighty king accompanied by with his attendants on an elephant. Shoot with arrows following your swift net. Eliminate the Demons with your most fierce-full fiery arrows.

Tava brhamaasa aasuyaa patanty-anu sprisa dhrishataa sosuchaanah |
Tapoo(goo)mshy-agne juhvaa patangaana-sandito visrija vishwa-gulkaah ||

Go forward in rapid flight whirling fiery torches. Burning with fury, follow them closely. Spread
The flying flames with your tongue. Cast around them your fireballs.

Pratispaso visrija toorni-taamo bhavaa paayur-viso asyaa adabdhah |
Yo no doore adhasa(ga)m so yo anty-agne maakishte vyathir-aada-dharsheet || 

You, who are swiftest in motion, spend your spies around. Be the protector of these people. Oh! Lord Agni! Send your spies against the enemy, who is bent on doing evil whether near or far. Let no trouble sent from you, overcome us.
Udagne tishtha pratyaa-tanushva nya-mitraa(ga)m oshataat-ttigma-hete |
Yo no araati(ga)m samidhaana chakre neechaa-tam dhakshya-tasam na sushkam ||
Oordhvo bhava prati-vidhyaa-dhyasmada-avish-krinushva daivyaany-agne |
Avasthiraa tanu-hi yaatu joonaam jaam-imam-ajaamim pra-mrineehi satroon ||
Mrutyunajaya mantra is also found here in the Upanishad.Please read my Post on Mrutyunjaya Mantra
Trisuparna Mantras.
Brahmametu maam | madhu-metu maam | brahma-meva madhumetu maam |
Yaaste soma prajaavathso-abbhiso aham | duh-svapn-ahan durusshvahaa |
Yaaste soma praanaa(ga)m stan-juhomi |
trisuparnam-ayaachitam brahmanaaya dadyaat |
Brahmahatyaam vaa ete ghnanti | ye braahmanaas-trisuparnam pathanti |
te somam praapnuvanti | aa sahasraat panktim punanti OM ||
Brahma medhayaa / madhu medhayaa / brahmam-eva medhayaa /
Adyaa noe deva savitah prajaavat- saavees-saubhagam /
Paraa dushvapniya(ga)m suva / viswaani deva savita-duritaani paraasuva /
Yad bhadram tanma aasuva / madhu vaataa ritaayate madhu ksharanti sindhavah /
Maadhveer-nassantv-oshadheeh / madhu naktam-utoshaci madhumat paarthiva(ga)m rajah /
Madhu dyaur-astu nah pitaa / madhmaanno vanspatir-madhumaa(ga)m astu sooryah /
Madhveer-gaavo bhavantu nah / ya imam trisuparnam-ayaachitam braahmanaaya dadyaat /
Bhroona-hatyaam vaa ete ghnanti / ye braahmanaas-trisuparnam pathanti /
Te somam praapnuvanti / aa sahasraat pankti punanti / OM //
Brahma medhavaa | Madhu medhavaa |
Brahmameva madhu medhavaa | brahmaa devaanaam padaveeh |
Kaveenaam-rishi-vipraanaam mahisho mrigaanaam |
Syeno gridhraana(ga)m svadhitir-vanaanaa(ga)m somah pavitram-atyeti rebhan ||
Ha(ga)msas-suchishad vasur-antariksha-sad-dhotaa vedashad-atithir-duronasat |
Nrishd-vara-sadrita-sad vyomasad-abjaa gojaa ritajaa adrijaa ritam brihat |
Ya imam trisuparnam-ayaachitam braahmanaaya dadyaat |
Veerahtyaam vaa ete ghnanti | ye brahmanaas-trisuparnam pathanti |
Te somam praapnuvanti | aa sahasraat pankti punanti | OM ||


Hindu Reflections.

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