Posts Tagged ‘Philosophy’
Having described the Elements both at the individual and macro level,Sankaracharya, now goes on to describe the qualities/attributes.
One can not separate the qualities or attributes of an object from the Object.
If for example, we strip of all the qualities of a Rose by which we identify a Rose, we are left with nothing to conceive of a Rose!
In Advaita, qualities are inherent in the objects and in Reality they are not separate from them .
And we are the Reality.
The Reality is reflected in us because of our ignorance,called Avidya, Nescience.
Once this ignorance is removed our original State dawns.
न मे द्वेषरागौ न मे लोभमोहौ
मदो नैव मे नैव मात्सर्यभावः ।
न धर्मो न चार्थो न कामो न मोक्षः
चिदानन्दरूपः शिवोऽहम् शिवोऽहम् ॥३॥
Na Me Dvessa-Raagau Na Me Lobha-Mohau
Mado Naiva Me Naiva Maatsarya-Bhaavah |
Na Dharmo Na Ca-Artho Na Kaamo Na Mokssah
Cid-Aananda-Ruupah Shivo[a-A]ham Shivo[a-A]ham ||3||
3.1: Neither do I have Hatred, nor Attachment, Neither Greed nor Infatuation,
3.2: Neither do I have Passion, nor Feelings of Envy and Jealousy,
3.3 I am Not within the bounds of Dharma (Righteousness), Artha (Wealth), Kama (Desire) and Moksha (Liberation) (the four Purusarthas of life),
3.4: I am the Ever Pure Blissful Consciousness; I am Shiva, I am Shiva,
The Ever Pure Blissful Consciousness.
- At Yoga Beyond Yoga Sutra 1.18 (ramanan50.wordpress.com)
Yesterday my Grandson,three years, was asking me why there are only seven colors.
I replied to him about the Rainbow and we see the colors VIBGYOR in our daily Life.
He asked me immediately why there should be Seven Colors in the rainbow , not Two or Ten?
I could not explain him and told him so.
Later I recollected that Indian Philosophy has answer to this one.
The Vaisehika system of Indian Philosophy has a very advanced Atomic Theory.
According to the Vaiśeṣika school, the trasareṇu (dust particles visible in the sunbeam coming through a small window hole) are the smallest mahat (perceivable) particles and defined astryaṇukas (triads). These are made of three parts, each of which are defined as dvyaṇuka (dyad). The dvyaṇukas are conceived as made of two parts, each of which are defined as paramāṇu(atom). The paramāṇus (atoms) are indivisible and eternal, they can neither be created nor destroyed. Each paramāṇu (atom) possesses its own distinct viśeṣa (individuality).
The measure of the partless atoms is known as parimaṇḍala parimāṇa. It is eternal and it cannot generate the measure of any other substance. Its measure is its own absolutely”
So the Atoms of the Perceiver and the Perceived(object) atoms for recognition by respective senses.
We become aware when these two corresponding Atoms get connected.
Knowledge is possible when the one who Perceives is connected to the Perceived.
The fact that we do not see any colors is because of the unused Atoms of the Retina not connecting to The Atoms of the Objects which may contain more colors.
People who have tapped their full potential can see what we can not see.
We, not having realized our potential, can not see more than Seven colors.
Now look what Scientists say on this subject.
(PhD physicist responds) The eye perceives six colors in the rainbow. Red, orange, yellow, green, blue and violet. (some people include the violet color of Indigo as a separate color.) But there are also colors in the infrared and ultraviolet present as well. The rainbow is caused by diffuse refraction of sunlight in water droplets. The source of the light is the sun’s photosphere. While each atom in the photosphere may emit light at one quantum frequency, the sun is so hot that doppler shifting of the light causes the lines to “fuzz out” so that you see essentially a continuous spectrum of light. The strictly correct answer, would then be, “an infinite number”
“The unseen color aftereffect of an unseen stimulus: Insight from blindsight into mechanisms of color afterimages”
The essential difference between the philosophers of The East and The West lies in fact that while those in the East relie on Direct Experience more, while those of the West go through Reason(Rationalists)
But their experience is limited to Experience as a Tool and not anything more.
In India the experience which the Philosophers speak of is the actual feeling of Oneness with the Reality.
In the sixteenth century there was a reassessment of Scientific thoughts and Philosophy.
Though most of the earlier thoughts of Socrates, Aristotle and Plato were accepted, the Philosophers wanted to reason them out.
Also there was the Church Dogma.
He wanted to find the Truth of the origin of the World.
He started by questioning his beliefs, for , to him, they were planted in his Mind by others.
He tested the senses , found that they do not give out the facts exactly(ex.You dip your hands in cold water, then in hot water;the warm water takes more time to be felt as warm, similarly with Cold water:another instance he quotes is that of a Man with jaundice, for him the World is Yellow-which it is not).
Therefore he discounted the senses as well.
In the same vein he discounted and rejected all the sources of Knowledge.
Then he observes,
“Ac proinde hæc cognitio, ego cogito, ergo sum, est omnium prima & certissima, quæ cuilibet ordine philosophanti occurrat.”
English: “This proposition, I think, therefore I am, is the first and the most certain which presents itself to whoever conducts his thoughts in order.”-Principles of Philosophy ,Rene Descartes.
that is you can doubt everything but never the fact that You Doubt.
Doubting implies a Doubter,
Thinker implies a Thinker,
So, ‘I Think, Therefore I am’
This has become the bedrock of Western Thought.
Now Sankaracharya,though a strict Vedantin , Gnana Yogi and Bhakthi Yogi takes the route of Skepticism to prove the existence of the Reality quite effortlessly.
Look at these lines.
Mano-Buddhy-Ahangkaara Cittaani Naaham
Na Ca Shrotra-Jihve Na Ca Ghraanna-Netre |
Na Ca Vyoma Bhuumir-Na Tejo Na Vaayuh
Cid-Aananda-Ruupah Shivo[a-A]ham Shivo[a-A]ham ||1||
1.1: Neither am I the Mind nor Intelligence or Ego,
1.2: Neither am I the organs of Hearing (Ears), nor that of Tasting (Tongue), Smelling (Nose) or Seeing (Eyes),
1.3: Neither am I the Sky, nor the Earth, Neither the Fire nor the Air,
1.4: I am the Ever Pure Blissful Consciousness; I am Shiva, I am Shiva,
Atma Shatakam or Nirvana Shatakam Sloka 1
Exactly what Descartes speaks of.
But the destination of Descartes was different.
But the method for the existence of the Self is the same.
Descartes assigns Two Realities Mind and Matter and brings in God in his Philosophy,Idealism
- Mind Limits Understanding The Mind (ramanan50.wordpress.com)
- Eighteen Principles ,One Verse Nirvana Shatakam Adi Sankara (ramanan50.wordpress.com)
There is an interesting article in The Atlantic on Mind and Technological Innovations.
‘One cannot help noting immediately that the theory echoes Kurzweil’s professional achievements as an inventor of word recognition machines: the “secret of human thought” is pattern recognition, as it is implemented in the hardware of the brain. To create a mind therefore we need to create a machine that recognizes patterns, such as letters and words. …
The process of recognition, which involves the firing of neurons in response to stimuli from the world, will typically include weightings of various features, as well as a lowering of response thresholds for probable constituents of the pattern. Thus some features will be more important than others to the recognizer, while the probability of recognizing a presented shape as an “E” will be higher if it occurs after “APPL.”
These recognizers will therefore be “intelligent,” able to anticipate and correct for poverty and distortion in the stimulus. This process mirrors our human ability to recognize a face, say, when in shadow or partially occluded or drawn in caricature.”
When we need the Mind to recognize patterns to perceive and be understood, we can say that while being studied becomes an Object of the Observed.
The Observer is some thing else.
The Mind is able to observe thoughts and There is something else that observes the Mind as well.
Indian Philosophy classifies three things in respect of Mind.
Brain,the activity of which leads to the
Mind, Buddhi, The Discriminator.
Chitha, the dispositions( not the predispositions of Indian Philosophy, which means Vasanas or tendencies acquired over years including the previous Births).
The Observer is different from the Observed at the mundane or Transitory world.
To recognize an Object as the object, for that matter as an Object, Recognition is required.
Recognition is possible only when there is Data stored already.
For instance, to recognize a Rose as a Rose, at the first instance, we need some one to describe it .
But extend the logic.
How a Rose would have have been identified as such for the First Human Being as such when there were none around?
This calls for apriori Knowledge.(Knowledge that is innate.
This is the foundation of Idealism of Philosophy. whic h has been explained by Rene Descartes in His Books Principia philosophiae (Principles of Philosophy),Regulae ad directionem ingenii (Rules for the Direction of the Mind)’
Mind lets us know what it wants us to know.
As Nature does.
“[H]omunculus talk can give rise to the illusion that one is nearer to accounting for the mind, properly so-called, than one really is. If neural clumps can be characterized in psychological terms, then it looks as if we are in the right conceptual ballpark when trying to explain genuine mental phenomena–such as the recognition of words and faces by perceiving conscious subjects. But if we strip our theoretical language of psychological content, restricting ourselves to the physics and chemistry of cells, we are far from accounting for the mental phenomena we wish to explain. An army of homunculi all recognizing patterns, talking to each other, and having expectations might provide a foundation for whole-person pattern recognition; but electrochemical interactions across cell membranes are a far cry from actually consciously seeing something as the letter “A.” How do we get from pure chemistry to full-blown psychology?
McGinn goes on:
Why do we say that telephone lines convey information? Not because they are intrinsically informational, but because conscious subjects are at either end of them, exchanging information in the ordinary sense. Without the conscious subjects and their informational states, wires and neurons would not warrant being described in informational terms.
The mistake is to suppose that wires and neurons are homunculi that somehow mimic human subjects in their information-processing powers; instead they are simply the causal background to genuinely informational transactions.
- Memory Is…… Yoga Sutra 1.11 (ramanan50.wordpress.com)
- Identify The Tools of The Mind Patanjali Yoga Sutra 6 (ramanan50.wordpress.com)
News broke out that Alien Code is found in Human DNA.
The explanation is that the Aliens have implanted this code in The Human DNA.
The DNA codes, “ human genetic code is embedded with a “designer label” that may be an indelible stamp of a master extraterrestrial civilization that preceded us by many millions or billions of years. Researchers Vladimir I shCherbak of al-Farabi Kazakh National University of Kazakhstan, and Maxim A Makukov of the Fesenkov Astrophysical Institute, hypothesize that an intelligent signal embedded in our genetic code would be a mathematical and semantic message that cannot be accounted for by Darwinian evolution.”
How logical is this?
There is DNA and it contains Code,Fact.
It has ‘”Simple arrangements of the code reveal an ensemble of arithmetical and ideographical patterns of symbolic language,”-Pure Guess work, I would call it fantasy.
Any arrangement must have an arrangement.
If it has no arrangement, you would call it ‘Randomly Arranged”
Would you conclude that Random arrangement is not possible and therefore there is Alien Embedded the DNA?
Right now, you are short of Facts for this assumption, call it a Theory.
Next point is that when you fantasize with no facts to back up, you flaunt it a ‘Scientific Theory’ and it is accepted without any demur!
But present a Fact and say ‘ we can not explain , it might be God’s Way”, then people jump and decry it .
Then all rational Explanations(!) flow.
That there is No God or Principle and those who are mild in approach and even Scientists say.’It is Nature, but not God”
Pray tell me, what is The Nature you are talking about?
Trees, Woods, Forests, Physical Laws?
Your own Science now tells us that there is No Universal Law that operates for All The Universe/s, as there are Multiverse(Quantum).
So which Physical law are you talking about?
Which Tree or Forest or principle?
If it is a Principle, you can not perceive it directly, as you can’t Gravity or Electricity.
The Principle is inferred by its Effects.
When the same point that Reality or Brahman is a Principle, in Philosophy and Hinduism, you call it nonsense?
Now who is talking sense?
I subscribe to the view that our DNA might have been tampered by Aliens or a Superior race.
Bit for different reasons.
A careful read of Erich von Daniken’s Books
Return to The Stars,
- Chariots of the Gods? (Souvenir Press Ltd, 1969)
- Return to the Stars (Souvenir Press Ltd, 1970) ISBN 0-285-50298-0
- Gods from Outer Space (Bantam,1972; reprint of Return to the Stars)
- The Gold of the Gods (Souvenir Press Ltd, 1973) ISBN 0-285-62087-8
- Miracles of the Gods: A Hard Look at the Supernatural (Souvenir Press Ltd, 1975) ISBN 0-285-62174-2
- In Search of Ancient Gods: My Pictorial Evidence for the Impossible (Corgi books, 1976) ISBN 0-552-10073-0
- According to the Evidence (Souvenir Press, 1977) ISBN 0-285-62301-X
- Signs of the Gods (Corgi books, 1980) ISBN 0-552-11716-1
- The Stones of Kiribati: Pathways to the Gods (Corgi books, 1982) ISBN 0-552-12183-5
- The Gods and their Grand Design: The Eighth Wonder of the World (Souvenir Press, 1984) ISBN 0-285-62630-2
- The Eyes of the Sphinx: The Newest Evidence of Extraterrestrial Contact (Berkley Publishing Corporation, 1996) ISBN 978-0-425-15130-3
- The Return of the Gods: Evidence of Extraterrestrial Visitations (Element, 1998) ISBN 1-86204-253-5
- Arrival of the Gods: Revealing the Alien Landing Sites of Nazca (Element, 1998) ISBN 1-86204-353-1
- The Gods Were Astronauts: Evidence of the True Identities of the Old “Gods” (Vega books, 2001) ISBN 1-84333-625-1
- Odyssey of the Gods: An Alien History of Ancient Greece (Vega books, 2002) ISBN 978-1-84333-558-0
- History Is Wrong (New Page books, 2009) ISBN 978-1-60163-086-5
- Twilight of the Gods: The Mayan Calendar and the Return of the Extraterrestrials (New Page books, 2010) ISBN 978-1-60163-141-1
have better facts and arguments.
It is branded as Rubbish.
For more, please read my post under Astrophysics
“Calling it “biological SETI”, shCherbak and Makukov argue that the scheme has much greater longevity and chance of detecting alien life than a transient extraterrestrial radio transmission, the ‘Discovery News’ reported.
“Once fixed, the code might stay unchanged over cosmological timescales, in fact, it is the most durable construct known. Therefore it represents an exceptionally reliable storage for an intelligent signature. Once the genome is appropriately rewritten the new code with a signature will stay frozen in the cell and its progeny, which might then be delivered through space and time,” the researchers wrote in the journal Icarus.
They said in order to pass the designer label test, any patterns in the genetic code must be highly statistically significant and possess intelligent-like features that are inconsistent with any natural know process. Researchers said their detailed analysis of the human genome displays a thorough precision-type orderliness in the mapping between DNA’s nucleotides and amino acids.
“Simple arrangements of the code reveal an ensemble of arithmetical and ideographical patterns of symbolic language,” said researchers. The scheme includes the use of decimal notation, logical transformations, and the use of the abstract symbol of zero.
They go on to argue that their detailed analysis that the human genome (map here) displays a thorough precision-type orderliness in the mapping between DNA’s nucleotides and amino acids. “Simple arrangements of the code reveal an ensemble of arithmetical and ideographical patterns of symbolic language.” They say this includes the use of decimal notation, logical transformations, and the use of the abstract symbol of zero. “Accurate and systematic, these underlying patterns appear as a product of precision logic and nontrivial computing,” they assert.(discovery)
“After comprehensive analysis with the assistance of other scientists, computer programmers, mathematicians, and other learned scholars, Professor Chang had wondered if the apparently “junk Human DNA” was created by some kind of “extraterrestrial programmer”. The alien chunks within Human DNA, Professor Chang further observes, “have its own veins, arteries, and its own immune system that vigorously resists all our anti-cancer drugs.” Professor Chang further stipulates that “Our hypothesis is that a higher extraterrestrial life form was engaged in creating new life and planting it on various planets. Earth is just one of them. Perhaps, after programming, our creators grow us the same way we grow bacteria in Petri dishes. We can’t know their motives – whether it was a scientific experiment, or a way of preparing new planets for colonization, or is it long time ongoing business of seedling life in the universe.” Professor Chang further indicates that “If we think about it in our human terms, the apparent “extraterrestrial programmers” were most probably working on “one big code” consisting of several projects, and the projects should have produced various life forms for various planets. They have been also trying various solutions. They wrote “the big code”, executed it, did not like some function, changed them or added new one, executed again, made more improvements, tried again and again.”