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Posts Tagged ‘Pandava’

Pandava’s Caves or Buddhist Monastery Pachmarhi

In Hinduism on April 6, 2014 at 08:58

 

The Five brothers, The Pancha Pandavas, while on exile for thirteen years were reported to have dwelt in caves in Madhya Pradesh,

 

They also built a Pond for Draupadi .

 

These caves are in Satpura range in Madhya Pradesh at Pachmarhi.

Pachmarhi is a hill station and has other tourist attractions

Caves of The Pandavas

Pandava Caves

A Cave of the Pancha Pandavas

One of the Caves of The Pandavas

 

 

The Pond of Draupadi

Draupadi Kund

 

 

It is widely known as Satpura ki Rani (“Queen ofSatpura“), situated at a height of 1100 m in a valley of the Satpura Range in Hoshangabaddistrict. Dhupgarh, the highest point (1,350 m) in the central India region and the Vindhyaand Satpura range, is located here.

 

The Legend:

These caves were built by five Pandavabrothers of Mahabharatha era during their fourteen years of exile.

The caves are situated on a hilltop and provide an excellent vantage point.

How to Reach Pachmarhi.

 

Amongst these five caves, the most well ventilated and the spacious one is the ‘Draupadi Kuti’, named after Draupadi, the wife of the five Pandava brothers. The darkest of all the caves is the ‘Bhim Kothari’, named after the toughest of the five brothers – Bhima. All the five caves are hewed in a rough manner, which however do not mar their beauty or attraction. People visit the humble sanctuaries that relate their name with the Mahabharata, round the year.

Though Pandava caves proudly associate with Mahabharata, many archaeologists contradict the fact. They believe that these caves belong to the Gupta period (9th or 10th century AD) and even predict their construction by Buddhist monks. Traces of an ancient brick-built stupa have been unearthed on top of the caves, which dates back these caves to the Buddhist period. Archeologists believe the stupa is a remnant of the regime of King Ashoka.

 

Airport . Bhopal 144 Kms.

 

Railway Station. Bhopal.

 

Bus station.Bhopal,Chhindwara.

 

Buses start from Habibganj ISBT of Bhopal and generally take close to 5–6 hours to reach Pachmarhi.

 

Other Tourist spots in Pachmarhi and around.

 

Pachmarhi is blessed with very rich flora and fauna. It has endless nature spots, lush greenery, breath-taking views, waterfalls, mountain streams, rich and rare wildlife. Some of the popular spots are as follows

Dhupgarh
Highest point of Satpura ranges. It is known for sunrise and sunset view point. At night one can see the lights of the neighboring towns such as Itarsi. At the day time the view of the lush green valley offers a captivating view. One can reach the top either by road or by trekking.
Chauragarh
This the second highest peak. It is a pilgrimage site with Lord Siva’s temple at the top.
B-Hill and B-Falls
This is another hill very close to the township. On the hind side of this hill a big waterfall called B-fall. It is a popular picnic spot as it offers pristine water flowing down this fall.
PanarPani
Panarpani has a natural fresh water lake with forest around.
Sangam
This is a conflux of mountain streams behind Dhupgarh. The water in these streams is crystal clear in all seasons except of course autumn.
Jatashankar and Mahadeo caves
These are mountain caves with fresh water dripping from them. One can witness ecosystem at work out here with mountains feeding the streams with fresh water, the water that they soak-in during autumn. As the name suggests, these caves and many others like these are abode of lord Siva.
Silver Falls
Also called Rajat Prapat/Big Fall. The falls comes 2800+ feet roaring down the gorge creating a sliver streak that gives its name. The view of dense, serene, virgin forest and stream is simply mesmerizing.
Apsara Vihar
This is a mountain stream that creates a beautiful natural water pool, cascades and waterfall in its a course.
Other waterfalls
Pachmarhi’s ecosystem is blessed with many waterfalls. To name a few are Silver Fall, B-Fall, Little Fall, Duchess Fall etc.
Rich Biosphere
One would love to get lost in the forests of Pachmarhi, particularly in the summer, as it is full of fruit trees such as – mangoes, jamun, custard fruit and lesser known but very delicious local fruits such khatua, tendu, chunna, khinni and chaar. The forest is also known for its richness in medicinal plants and herbs.
Wildlife
The jungle has tigers, panthers, bear, deer, bison, wide variety of birds etc. Tigers have retreated deeper in the forest though.
Citation:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pachmarhi

 

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Spot Where Indraprastha Was Built In Delhi

In Hinduism on February 28, 2014 at 23:25

I have been checking the Geographical locations mentioned in the Mahabharata to validate (already validated, I am cross checking).

Humayun's Fort, Delhi

Purana Qila

I  had earlier posted an article on Indraprastha, based on the Adi Parva of Mahabharata with comparison to Roman cities.

Purana Qila was built on Inraprastha

Purana Qila, Delhi

In this search I stumbled into an article which had indicated the exact spot where Indraprastha was built in Delhi.

It is the Purana  Qila, The Old Fort of Humayun,

The Fort was mentioned by Abdul Fazil in Ain-I-Akbari.

“A book called the Ain-I-Akbari by Abul Fazl was written in the sixteenth century during the region of the Mughal emperor Akbar. It says that Indraprastha, the capital of the Pandavas, the heroes of the Mahabharata story, was located at the spot where Humayun built his fort. In fact, till the end of the nineteenth century, there was a village called Indarpat (which sounds very similar to ‘Indraprastha’) inside the fort. Was ancient Indraprastha located here? This is a question that is difficult to answer with a simple ‘yes’ or ‘no.’

Archaeologists carried out excavations at the Purana Qila from the 1950′s to the 1970′s. they were interested in finding out how old this site was, and to find out whether or not it could be identified with ancient Indraprastha. The excavations showed that the Purana Qila was indeed a very old site. Archaeologists found that the settlement had many phases dating from about the fourth century B.C. (or earlier) to the nineteenth century A.D.. Pieces of old pottery known as Painted Grey Ware (PGW for short) were also found here and there, and this suggested that people may have lived at some spot in or around the Purana Qila from about 1000 B.C. onwards.

Why don’t we know for sure whether ancient Indraprastha was located on the spot where the Purana Qila stands?
There are several reasons for this. First of all, we are not sure whether the Mahabharata is purely a legend, or whether it is a legend based on events that actually happened. Secondly, even in some of the events and people mentioned in the story were real, the evidence from the excavations at the Purana Qila really doesn’t tell us about these events or people. What is does tell us is that there was a very old settlement at or near the Purana Qila perhaps from about 1000 B.C. onwards.’

The article goes on to state that it can not confirmed as,

1.We are not sure whether Mahabharata was a fact,

2.There are more layers to be analyzed and

3.The Purana Qila records do not ell us about the people of Mahabharata,( other than the mention by Abdul Fazil.

As to point number 1, The Mahabharata is validated based on the various sites spread throughout the country and in fact in Sri Lanka as well

Please read my posts on these, filed under Hinduism.

So this argument is no longer valid.

2. No doubt the job is difficult to analyze the layers.It needs effort.

As to the fact that there is no mention of the people of Mahabharata in Purana Qila information, you do not expect the invaders to record the conquered nation’s History.

One should be thankful to Abdul fazil for mentioning this fact in Ain_I_Akbari.

“Here is a table showing the seven layers or periods identified by archaeologists at the Purana Qila. Different sorts of artifacts were found at the different levels. Remember that the older layers are found at the bottom of a site, and the upper layers are more recent. Think of these archaeological levels as different floors in a seven-storeyed building. As you travel in a lift from the ground floor to the seventh floor, you are traveling forward in time, from earlier to more recent periods..

Source:

http://www.4to40.com/travel/print.asp?p=The_Purana_Qila_in_Delhi&k=Mahabharata

 

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Shiva Temple In The Sea

In Hinduism on February 26, 2014 at 09:37

A unique temple of Shiva in the sea is in Bhavnagar District,Gujarat.

Temple in the sea.

Shiva Temple in the Sea

Koliyak is located at a distance of about 23 km to the east of Bhavnagar. It is said that Pandavas established Nishkalank or Nakalank Mahadev on a new moon night of the Indian calendar month of Bhadarva. The famous fair popularly known as ‘Bhadarvi’ is held on the new moon night in month of Sharvan, as per the Indian calender. An idol of god Shankar was established in an island, over the sea about 3 km to the east of Koliyak. This temple can be reached between 9.00 am to 12.00 pm on the day next to the new moon night. It has to be noted that the place gets inundated under the tide so the visitors should leave the place before 1.00 pm

Temple legend:

Pandavas killed all the Kuravas and won the battle. Pandavas were grief stricken knowing they acquired sins for killing their own relatives.

In order to find redemption for their sins, Pandavas met Lord Krishna.

To remove the sins, Krishna hands over a black Flag and a Black COW. He asks the Pandavas to follow it, when both Cow and flag turns white, they all will be pardoned.

Krishna also advises them to do penance to lord Shiva, after that.

The angst stricken brothers followed the cow wherever it went and carried the flag.

They walked for days, to different places and the color did not change.

Finally, when they arrived at the Koliyak Beach, both cow and the flag color turned to white. Pandavas were exalted.

And all the 5 brothers sat for deep penance, meditated on lord Shiva.

Lord Shiva impressed by the brothers showed up in lingam form to each brother.

As they meditated, each lingam appeared in front of each brother. In total there were 5 (Swayumbu) lingams that showed up on their own.

Pandavas were delighted to see this and they worshiped all the five lingams with great devotion.

Lord Shiva here is known as Nishkalan Mahadev. ‘Nishkalank’ has many meaning they are clean, pure, guiltless, to cleanse, to purify, etc.

It is said that Pandavas established Nishkalank or Nakalank Mahadev on a Amavasai of the Indian calendar month of Bhadarva.

The famous fair popularly known as ‘Bhadarvi’ is held on the no moon night in month of Sharvan (August), as per the Indian calendar.

An idol of Lord Shiva was established in an island, over the sea about 3 km to the east of Koliyak. Each lingam has a Nandhi facing it.

The lingams are spread across a square Platform.

There is a pond called Pandavas pond and devotees’ first wash their hands and legs and only then they visit the Lord Shivas shrines.

Devotees’ throng this temple during Amavasai (no moon day), it is to be noted here that the tides are very active during full moon day and no moon day, yet devotees patiently wait for the tides to retrieve.
There is strong belief that when loved ones are cremated their ashes are immersed in these waters and by doing so, one attains salvation or moksha. Besides ash, milk, curds and whole coconut are offered to the lord here.
The temple festival is initiated by hoisting the flag by the clans of Maharajas of Bhavnagar.
This flag is on for 364 days and is changed only during the next temple festival. And for the records, the flag has never fallen down or washed away by the tides. It stands undisturbed by the ferocious tides and has seen the deadliest earth quake that killed more than 50,000 people in 2001.
This is a wonder beauty. The devotees worship not many temples that are buried under the sea. However, this temple stands as an exception. Please visit this temple at least ones in a lifetime to experience the spirituality that resonates from this temple!

Source:

http://www.hinduhumanrights.info/the-lord-shiva-temple-in-the-sea/

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Mahabharata Proof Three Cities 39 Sites

In Hinduism on January 25, 2014 at 13:28

The proof of any ancient city or a civilization is based on the following.

Proof of Mahabharata

Jarasandha ka Akhara, sometimes spelt Jarasandh ka Akhada, better known as Ranbhumi which literally means battle field, is located at Rajgir of Nalanda District. Legend has it that this site witnessed one of the most important battles in the Mahabharata war, between Bhim and Jarasandh. In this furious battle Jarasandha was subdued and killed by Bhim. Important archeological sites nearby are Maniyar Math and Sonbhandar Caves. image credit.http://bharatiyaculture.blogspot.in/2011_05_01_archive.html

kadothgaja, Bhima's son's remains

Mahabharata proof Kadothgaja’s Remains

1.Internal References in The Epic.

2.References to it in the contemporary texts.

3.Verification of information found in the References of cities, artefacts, style of living, natural calamities recorded.

4.Later references like Edicts, Temple inscriptions, epigraphs.

1.Internal references are aplenty in the Mahabharata of other Kings, Dynasties, description of Land, Flora and Fauna.

The references made to another Great Civilization and Culture, The Tamils would be more than adequate for the other references found in The Mahabharata point to the same area occupied the personae of The Mahabharata.

The reference to the Tamil Kings Chola and Pandavas in the Swayamwar,The Kurukshetra Battle of the Mahabharata War,are corroborated in Tamil Literature.

Specific mention may be made of is the reference to Arjuna marrying the daughter of a Pandyan King in Madurai when he was on a Pilgrimage, or of Perunchotruudiyalathan, the Chera King who is recorded to have fed both the Pandava and Kaurava Armies.

Tamil Classic of the Sangam Age record that The Tamil Kings, Perunchotru Udiyan Neduncheralathan performed the Tharpan or the water Rites for the dead for those killed in the Mahabharata war .

His name is Neduncheralathan.

The term Perunchoru means Big Feast and Udiyan, one ‘who fed’alluding to the fact that he fed the Kaurava and Pandava Armies.

Please refer the History of The Tamils by P.T.Srinivasa Iyengar

Then we have innumerable references  by Inscriptions epigraphs.

‘Sri Kota Venkatachalam the author of the book
Age of Mahabharata War” gives us the details regarding the inscriptional
evidences available. He states “There are mainly four inscriptions extant are
available to us which prove conclusively that the Mahabharata war occurred in
B.C. 3138 or 36 years before Kali”.

“After Parikshit died in B.C. 3041
his son Janemejaya was crowned in. In the 29th year of his reign that is in
B.C.3013-3012 or Kali 89, in the year Plavanga on Monday the-new-moon day at the
end of Chaitra, he donated two villages to two religious institutions and the
two gift deeds were prescribed. The first inscription is found published in the
pages 333, 334 of the Indian Antiquary which clearly states that the gift of
land for the worship of Sitarama made by Emperor Janamejaya in Jayabhyudaya
Yudhistira Saka 89 means Kali 89 or B.C.(3101-81)=3012″.

The 2nd
inscription is that of a copper-plate on which a gift deed in inscribed and is
preserved to this day at the Kedara Kshetra, in the Himalayas. A similar gift of
land was made by Emperor Janamejaya for the worship of Kedaranatha
swamy.

The 3rd inscription is an inscription on the walls of a temple of
a siva in the village “Iballi” in the Dharwar district. It was carved by the
direction of king Pulakesin II in A.D.634.”

Then we have references to cities and places in The Mahabharata.

“The Mahabharata also describes three cities given to the Pandavas, the heroes of
the Mahabharata, after their exile: Paniprastha, Sonaprastha & Indraprastha,
which is Delhi’s Puranaqila. These sites have been identified and yielded
pottery & antiquities, which show a cultural consistency & dating
consistent for the Mahabharata period, again verifying statements recorded in
the Vedic literatures…

Marine archaeology has also been utilized in India off the coast of the ancient
port city of Dvaraka in Gujarat, uncovering further evidence in support of
statements in the Vedic scriptures. An entire submerged city at Dvaraka, the
ancient port city of Lord Krishna with its massive fort walls, piers, warfs and
jetty has been found in the ocean as described in the Mahabharata and other
Vedic literatures.

This sanskrit verse from the Mausala Parva 7 verse 40
of the Mahabharata, describes the disappearance of the city of Dvaraka into the
sea. “After all the
people had set out, the ocean flooded Dvaraka, which still teemed with wealth of
every kind. Whatever portion of land was passed over, the ocean immediately
flooded over with its waters..

Apart from Dvaraka, more than thirty-five sites in
North India have yielded archaeological evidence and have been identified as
ancient cities described in the Mahabharatha. Copper utensils, iron, seals, gold
& silver ornaments, terracotta discs and painted grey ware pottery have all
been found in these sites. Scientific dating of these artifacts corresponds to
the non-aryan-invasion model of Indian antiquity”

Some of the sites excavated by The Archaeological Survey of India. Visit the Link for more.

Ahichchhatra, Dt. Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh            Ahichchhatra which is identified by Alexander Cunningham as Ahicchatra          of ancient literature is about 11 km north of Aonla, the tehsil          headquarter. This site was first excavated by Cunningham and then by          K.N. Dikshit assisted by A. Gosh and others in 1940-44. They          identified Nine periods of occupation called ‘strata’ starting from          pre mauryan period ( pre 300 BC) up to1100 AD. Besides other things          the excavation also reveled number of coins which includes caste coins          from the earliest starta followed by panchala coins ( I st C. BC),          Kusana coins, coins of Acyu, who is identified with Acyuta, the king          who was defeated and the territory annexed by Samudragupta etc. The          dates of the various stratums have been arrived based on the coin          finds, viz., Stratum IX, before 300 BC; Stratum VIII, 300 to 200 BC;          Stratum VII, 200 to 100 BC; Strata VI and V, 100 BC to AD 100; Stratum          N, AD 100 to 350; Stratum III, AD 350 to 750; Stratum II, AD 750 to          850; and Stratum I AD 850 to 1100.
Ahicchatra was excavated again by N.R. Banerjee of the ASI in 1963-4          and 1964-5 which brought to light four cultural periods named as          Period I to IVstarting from OCP. PGW followed by NBPW up to Kusana          Gupta period.
The presence of PGW and NBPW in the core of the rampart indicates that          it was built during Period IV. Four phases of expansion and repair of          the rampart was brought to light.

Hastinapura, (29°9′; 78°3′), Dt Meerut ,Uttar Pradesh            Located on the right bank of an old bed of the Ganga, known in          literature and tradition as the capital of the Kauravas of the          Mahabharata fame. On the bank of the Budhi Ganga, two places known as          Draupadi Ghat and Kama Ghat remind one of the Mahabharata personages.          Three Jaina tirthankaras, Sailtinatha, Kunthunatha and Aranatha, are          believed to have been associated with Hastinapura.

Ref:

http://mahabharathascience.blogspot.in/p/material-evidence-supporting-time-of.html

http://asi.nic.in/asi_exca_imp_uttarpradesh.asp

http://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2013/08/31/ramayana-mahabharata-dynasties-from-manu/

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Who Performed The Final Rites Of Lord Krishna

In Hinduism on November 19, 2013 at 22:06

Alter the Mahabharata War was over,only Ten remained alive, Three from the Kaurava Side and Seven from the Pandavas

They are,

Pandavas 5

Lord Krishna,

Sathyaki.

From the Kaurava Side Aswathama, Kruthavarma and Krupa.(Mahabharata ,Adi Parva)

At Dwaraka, the Yadava Clan was in tact, save those killed in the Mahabharata War( Krishna’ Army fought on the side of the Kauravas)

The Yadav Clan were playing around and one of the Yadavas dressed up Krishna’s son Sambhava(born of Jambavathi), as a pregnant woman and asked the Rishis who were passing by, what child the lady would beget(Sambhava)

The Rishi replied that knew that it is Krishna’s son Sambhava and he would beget a  Pounder (used to break Grains- Ulakkai) and it it would destroy the Yadava vamsa.

On being informed of this Lord Krishna smiled and said that no body can change the Curse of a Brahmin.

After ten months a Pounder was born of Sambhava.

Thinking that they were clever, the Yadavas, broke the wooden pestle(Ulakkai) into small pieces an threw them into the sea in Dwaraka.

The tip of the pestle,made of iron was swallowed by a Fish, and it was caught by a Fisherman.

He found the piece and fixed it to the tip of his arrow.

The wooden pieces  reached ashore and grew into a bush of Long Grass.

While this is so, one day the Yadavas were drinking and an altercation ensued as who betrayed the Kauravas the most.

A riot ensued and even Krishna was attacked by his Clan.

His Chariot was dragged into the sea, so were His Panchyutas, which went perambulated Lord Krishna clock-wise and disappeared.

From the Balaram’s face a Serpent came out and entered Heavens and Balram was no more

Lord Krishna lay under a tree and was taking rest.

The hunter who had the iron tip in his arrow , from a distance saw, thought he saw a Deer and sent in his arrow.

It struck Krishna and he left His Mortal Coil.

The Hunter prayed for forgiveness.

Krishna informed him that it was because of the Curse, he had nothing to do with His Death and granted him Vaikunta.

As there were none to perform the last Rites,Arjuna performed the last Rites of Krishna.

Deavaki ,Vasudeva and Rukmini left their bodies by entering Fire.

(Bhagavatha Purana)

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