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Posts Tagged ‘Pandava’

Arjuna’s Pilgrimage Photo Essay

In Hinduism on July 15, 2014 at 08:34

When the five Pandavas were living together with their wife Draupadi, they had an arrangement,that Draupadi shall live as wife together with one of the Five and the other four Pandvas shall not be with her.

 

At a point of time, Yudhistrawas living with Draupadi.

 

Agni,God Fire,in the guise of a Brahmin sought the help of  Arjuna to help  ease his hunger.

 

Arjuna,being a Kshatriy and a King, could not but to accede to Agni’s request.

 

Without knowing who Agni was and what his hunger was for, Arjuna agreed and was  shocked to know it was Agni and his hunger was for burning down the Kanadava Forest.

 

He was in a dilemma for as a King he(Prince)  he had a duty to protect   forests with the animals living in it.

 

He consulted(who else?) Lord Krishna,who told him as a King and Kshatriya it was his duty to fulfill his promise .

 

( Krishna had a hidden agenda.

 

He knew that a great war will ensue , that Arjuna  did not have a powerful Bow and he waned Arjuna to possess one.

 

He engineered the whole event though Indra,father of Arjuna.)

 

As anticipated by Krishna Agni asked Vauna to give the best bow and he gave the Kandeeva to Arjuna.

 

Arjuna burnt the forest.

 

Agini gave him the Agneyastra as well.

 

When Arjuna came Home to take his old bow and arrows,he unintentionally saw Yudihistra and Draupadi together.

 

It is considered to be a sin to see man and wife together when they are intimate,Sastras declare and one has to atone for this,Prayaschitta.

 

One of the Prayascitta was going on a Pilgrimage.

 

Krishna advised the Prayaschitta of Pilgrimage as He wanted Arjuna to get the help of as many Kings as possible for the Mahabharata war(Arjuna was not aware of the fact).

 

Arjuna went on a Pilgrimage of India and in the process married many a princesses,including the daughter of a Pandya king-the Pandya fought the war along with the Panadvas.

 

Vyasa gives a detailed description of the route taken by Arjuna during the Pilgrimage.

 

This is the route taken by Arjuna.

 

Mbh.1.215:- Followed by Brahmanas conversant with the Vedas and their branches and devoted to the contemplation of the Supreme Spirit, by persons skilled in music, by ascetics devoted to the Deity, by reciters of Puranas, by narrators of sacred stories by devotees leading celibate lives, by Vanaprasthas, by Brahmanas sweetly reciting celestial histories, and by various other classes of persons of sweet speeches, Arjuna journeyed. He saw many delightful and picturesque forests, lakes, rivers, seas, provinces, and waters in his journey. At length, on arriving at the source of theGanges the mighty hero thought of settling there.

After leaving his city viz. IndraprasthaArjuna finally reaches the source of Ganga. It was also known as Gangadwara (Haridwar). There Arjuna metUlupi, the daughter of a Naga king who belonged to the Kauravya branch of the Airavata Nagas. His palace seems to be at Nagal, very close toRishikesh. Arjuna went to the palace of Kauravya and spent one night with Ulupi. (Their union resulted in the birth of a great Naga warrior by the name Iravat. The name indicate that he belonged to the Airavata Naga race.) In the next day morning Ulupi took back Arjuna to Gangadwara and left him there.

Arjuna's journey into Gangadwara and the Himalayan Peaks.jpg

Arjuna’s journey into Gangadwara and the Himalayan Peaks. Click to Enlarge

Arjuna's journey through Naimisharanya.jpg

Arjuna’s journey through Naimisharanya. Click to Enlarge.

 Arjuna's journey through Gaya, Kausiki, Nanda and Aparananda. jpg

Arjuna’s journey through Gaya, Kausiki, Nanda and Aparananda. Click to Enlarge.

 Arjuna's journey from Manipura towards Southern Ocean, Gokarna, Prabhasa, Raivataka, Dwaraka, Pushkara and back to Indraprastha. Three possible routes are shown. Godavari route is more likely. Route through Krishna river reaching Gokarna of Karnataka as well as route through Kanyakumari are less likely. The arrow indicates that the Manipura tribe in Kalinga had migrated to Manipur state of India.jpg

Arjuna’s journey from Manipura towards Southern Ocean, Gokarna, Prabhasa, Raivataka, Dwaraka, Pushkara and back to Indraprastha. Three possible routes are shown. Godavari route is more likely. Route through Krishna river reaching Gokarna of Karnataka as well as route through Kanyakumari are less likely. The arrow indicates that the Manipura tribe in Kalinga had migrated to Manipur state of India. Click to Enlarge.

 

Citation.

http://ancientvoice.wikidot.com/travel:arjuna-s-pilgrimage

Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License

 

Pandyas Tamil Kings Lemuria Continent In Mahabharata

In Hinduism on May 28, 2014 at 18:23

There are references to the Mahabharata in the Tamil Sangam Literature and The Mahabharata refers to the Tamil Kings.

 

Lemuria, Tamil Land Mentioned In Mahabharata.Image.jpg.

Lemuria, Tamil Land Mentioned In Mahabharata.

 

The Tamil King Perunchotru Udiyan Neduncheralathan was the one who fed  both Kauravas and Pandavas during the Mahabharata War.

 

He also had Tharpana performed for those who did in the Mahbharata war in the Chera Kingdom(History of the Tamils by PT .Srinivasa Iyengar)

 

Arjuna and Sahadeva went on a Pilgrimage to the Tamil Kingdoms in the South.

 

There are references to Lord Krishna having been acquainted with the Pandya Kings.

 

Pandya was present in the Rajasuya ceremony of Pandava king Yudhisthira (2:36,43).


The Kings of Chola and Pandya, brought numberless jars of gold filled with fragrant sandal juice from the hills of Malaya, and loads of sandal and aloe wood from the Dardduras hills, and many gems of great brilliancy and fine cloths inlaid with gold. Singhalas gave those best of sea-born gems called the lapis lazuli, and heaps of pearls also, and hundreds of coverlets for elephants (2:51).

 

Bhishmaka, the mighty king of the Bhojas (of Vidarbha Kingdom) who governs a fourth part of the world, by his learning conquered the Pandyas and the Kratha-Kausikas (2:14).

Having met with Rukmi (of Vidarbha Kingdom), Karna, repaired to Pandya and the mountain, Sri. And by fighting, he made Karala Kerala?), king Nila, Venudari’s son, and other best of kings living in the southern direction pay tribute (3:252)

Having brought king Nila of Avanti Kingdom under his sway thus, the victorious son of Madri (Sahadeva) then went further towards the south. He brought the king of Tripura under his sway.

And next turning his forces against the Paurava kingdom, he vanquished and reduced to subjection the monarch thereof. And the prince, after this, with great efforts brought Akriti, the king of Saurashtra and preceptor of the Kausikas under his sway.

The virtuous prince, while staying in the kingdom of Saurashtra sent an ambassador unto king Rukmin, the son of Bhishmaka within the territories ofBhojakata.

And the monarch along with his son, remembering their relationship with Vasudeva Krishna, cheerfully accepted, the sway of the son ofPandu.

He marched further to the south and reduced to subjection, Surparaka and Talakata, and the Dandakas also.

The Kuru warrior then vanquished and brought under his subjection numberless kings of the Mlechchha tribe living on the sea coast, and the Nishadas and the cannibals and even the Karnapravarnas, and those tribes also called the Kalamukhas (dark faced) who were a cross between human beings and Rakshasas, and the whole of the Cole (Chola or Kolwa) mountains, and also Surabhi-patna, and the island called the Copper island, and the mountain called Ramaka.

He having brought under subjection king Timingila, conquered a wild tribe known by the name of the Kerakas.

The son of Pandu also conquered the town of Sanjayanti and the country of the Pashandas and the Karanatakas by means of his messengers alone, and made all of them pay tributes to him.

The hero brought under his subjection and exacted tributes from the Paundrayas (Pandyas?) and the Dravidas along with theUdrakeralas and the Andhras and the Talavanas, the Kalingas and the Ushtrakarnikas, and also the delightful city of Atavi and that of the Yavanas.

And, He having arrived at the sea-shore, then dispatched with great assurance messengers unto the illustrious Vibhishana, the grandson of Pulastya and the ruler of Lanka (2:30).

Vasudeva Krishna slew king Pandya by striking his breast against his, and moved down the Kalingas in battle (5:48). The Cholas and the Pandyas were mentioned as vanquished by Krishna at (7:11).

The mighty Sarangadhwaja, the king of the Pandyas, has white steeds, decked with armour set with stones of lapis lazuli.

 

His country was invaded and his father was slain by Krishna in battle. Obtaining weapons then from Bhishma and DronaBala Rama and Kripa, prince Sarangadhwaja became, in weapons, the equal of Rukmi and Karna and Arjuna and Achyuta.

 

He then desired to destroy the city of Dwaraka and subjugate the whole world.

 

Wise friends, however, from desire of doing him good, counselled him against that course.

 

Giving up all thoughts of revenge, he is now ruling his own dominions. Steeds that were all of the hue of the Atrusa flower bore a hundred and forty thousand principle car-warriors that followed that Sarangadhwaja, the king of the Pandyas, opposing Drona in Kurukshetra War.(7:23).

 

Pandyas were fierce warriors who took part in the Kurukshetra War as per the epic Mahabharata.

They were mentioned both in the epicMahabharata and epic Ramayana.

A Pandya king named Sarangadwaja (alternatively Malayadwaja) is mentioned as participating in the Kurukshetra War, siding with the Pandavas.

It is not clear if Pandyas had any tribal links with the Pandavas of north-India.

This kingdom existed in the southern part of modern day Tamil Nadu state of India, to the south of Kaveri River.

Their capital was Madhura on the banks of the Tamraparni River, which is now known as Vaigai river.

The name Madhura resembles the Mathura of northern India indicative of a connection with the Yadavas who once ruled at Mathura.

Pandyas, Cholas and Keralas were also mentioned in Tamil literature complementing their mention in the Sanskrit literature (constituted by Ramayana, Mahabharata, Puranas and Vedas).

By looking at the descriptions of the land of Tamils, especially of Pandyas, one is made to conclude that this land mass was in the submerged continent of  Lemuria.

Please read my posts ,Million Year Old Tamil Quotes Vedas and They quote Tamil, Lemuria, home of The Tamils in Ramayana Mahabharata.

Citation.

Ancient Voice wikidot.

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Pandava’s Caves or Buddhist Monastery Pachmarhi

In Hinduism on April 6, 2014 at 08:58

 

The Five brothers, The Pancha Pandavas, while on exile for thirteen years were reported to have dwelt in caves in Madhya Pradesh,

 

They also built a Pond for Draupadi .

 

These caves are in Satpura range in Madhya Pradesh at Pachmarhi.

Pachmarhi is a hill station and has other tourist attractions

Caves of The Pandavas

Pandava Caves

A Cave of the Pancha Pandavas

One of the Caves of The Pandavas

 

 

The Pond of Draupadi

Draupadi Kund

 

 

It is widely known as Satpura ki Rani (“Queen ofSatpura“), situated at a height of 1100 m in a valley of the Satpura Range in Hoshangabaddistrict. Dhupgarh, the highest point (1,350 m) in the central India region and the Vindhyaand Satpura range, is located here.

 

The Legend:

These caves were built by five Pandavabrothers of Mahabharatha era during their fourteen years of exile.

The caves are situated on a hilltop and provide an excellent vantage point.

How to Reach Pachmarhi.

 

Amongst these five caves, the most well ventilated and the spacious one is the ‘Draupadi Kuti’, named after Draupadi, the wife of the five Pandava brothers. The darkest of all the caves is the ‘Bhim Kothari’, named after the toughest of the five brothers – Bhima. All the five caves are hewed in a rough manner, which however do not mar their beauty or attraction. People visit the humble sanctuaries that relate their name with the Mahabharata, round the year.

Though Pandava caves proudly associate with Mahabharata, many archaeologists contradict the fact. They believe that these caves belong to the Gupta period (9th or 10th century AD) and even predict their construction by Buddhist monks. Traces of an ancient brick-built stupa have been unearthed on top of the caves, which dates back these caves to the Buddhist period. Archeologists believe the stupa is a remnant of the regime of King Ashoka.

 

Airport . Bhopal 144 Kms.

 

Railway Station. Bhopal.

 

Bus station.Bhopal,Chhindwara.

 

Buses start from Habibganj ISBT of Bhopal and generally take close to 5–6 hours to reach Pachmarhi.

 

Other Tourist spots in Pachmarhi and around.

 

Pachmarhi is blessed with very rich flora and fauna. It has endless nature spots, lush greenery, breath-taking views, waterfalls, mountain streams, rich and rare wildlife. Some of the popular spots are as follows

Dhupgarh
Highest point of Satpura ranges. It is known for sunrise and sunset view point. At night one can see the lights of the neighboring towns such as Itarsi. At the day time the view of the lush green valley offers a captivating view. One can reach the top either by road or by trekking.
Chauragarh
This the second highest peak. It is a pilgrimage site with Lord Siva’s temple at the top.
B-Hill and B-Falls
This is another hill very close to the township. On the hind side of this hill a big waterfall called B-fall. It is a popular picnic spot as it offers pristine water flowing down this fall.
PanarPani
Panarpani has a natural fresh water lake with forest around.
Sangam
This is a conflux of mountain streams behind Dhupgarh. The water in these streams is crystal clear in all seasons except of course autumn.
Jatashankar and Mahadeo caves
These are mountain caves with fresh water dripping from them. One can witness ecosystem at work out here with mountains feeding the streams with fresh water, the water that they soak-in during autumn. As the name suggests, these caves and many others like these are abode of lord Siva.
Silver Falls
Also called Rajat Prapat/Big Fall. The falls comes 2800+ feet roaring down the gorge creating a sliver streak that gives its name. The view of dense, serene, virgin forest and stream is simply mesmerizing.
Apsara Vihar
This is a mountain stream that creates a beautiful natural water pool, cascades and waterfall in its a course.
Other waterfalls
Pachmarhi’s ecosystem is blessed with many waterfalls. To name a few are Silver Fall, B-Fall, Little Fall, Duchess Fall etc.
Rich Biosphere
One would love to get lost in the forests of Pachmarhi, particularly in the summer, as it is full of fruit trees such as – mangoes, jamun, custard fruit and lesser known but very delicious local fruits such khatua, tendu, chunna, khinni and chaar. The forest is also known for its richness in medicinal plants and herbs.
Wildlife
The jungle has tigers, panthers, bear, deer, bison, wide variety of birds etc. Tigers have retreated deeper in the forest though.
Citation:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pachmarhi

 

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Spot Where Indraprastha Was Built In Delhi

In Hinduism on February 28, 2014 at 23:25

I have been checking the Geographical locations mentioned in the Mahabharata to validate (already validated, I am cross checking).

Humayun's Fort, Delhi

Purana Qila

I  had earlier posted an article on Indraprastha, based on the Adi Parva of Mahabharata with comparison to Roman cities.

Purana Qila was built on Inraprastha

Purana Qila, Delhi

In this search I stumbled into an article which had indicated the exact spot where Indraprastha was built in Delhi.

It is the Purana  Qila, The Old Fort of Humayun,

The Fort was mentioned by Abdul Fazil in Ain-I-Akbari.

“A book called the Ain-I-Akbari by Abul Fazl was written in the sixteenth century during the region of the Mughal emperor Akbar. It says that Indraprastha, the capital of the Pandavas, the heroes of the Mahabharata story, was located at the spot where Humayun built his fort. In fact, till the end of the nineteenth century, there was a village called Indarpat (which sounds very similar to ‘Indraprastha’) inside the fort. Was ancient Indraprastha located here? This is a question that is difficult to answer with a simple ‘yes’ or ‘no.’

Archaeologists carried out excavations at the Purana Qila from the 1950′s to the 1970′s. they were interested in finding out how old this site was, and to find out whether or not it could be identified with ancient Indraprastha. The excavations showed that the Purana Qila was indeed a very old site. Archaeologists found that the settlement had many phases dating from about the fourth century B.C. (or earlier) to the nineteenth century A.D.. Pieces of old pottery known as Painted Grey Ware (PGW for short) were also found here and there, and this suggested that people may have lived at some spot in or around the Purana Qila from about 1000 B.C. onwards.

Why don’t we know for sure whether ancient Indraprastha was located on the spot where the Purana Qila stands?
There are several reasons for this. First of all, we are not sure whether the Mahabharata is purely a legend, or whether it is a legend based on events that actually happened. Secondly, even in some of the events and people mentioned in the story were real, the evidence from the excavations at the Purana Qila really doesn’t tell us about these events or people. What is does tell us is that there was a very old settlement at or near the Purana Qila perhaps from about 1000 B.C. onwards.’

The article goes on to state that it can not confirmed as,

1.We are not sure whether Mahabharata was a fact,

2.There are more layers to be analyzed and

3.The Purana Qila records do not ell us about the people of Mahabharata,( other than the mention by Abdul Fazil.

As to point number 1, The Mahabharata is validated based on the various sites spread throughout the country and in fact in Sri Lanka as well

Please read my posts on these, filed under Hinduism.

So this argument is no longer valid.

2. No doubt the job is difficult to analyze the layers.It needs effort.

As to the fact that there is no mention of the people of Mahabharata in Purana Qila information, you do not expect the invaders to record the conquered nation’s History.

One should be thankful to Abdul fazil for mentioning this fact in Ain_I_Akbari.

“Here is a table showing the seven layers or periods identified by archaeologists at the Purana Qila. Different sorts of artifacts were found at the different levels. Remember that the older layers are found at the bottom of a site, and the upper layers are more recent. Think of these archaeological levels as different floors in a seven-storeyed building. As you travel in a lift from the ground floor to the seventh floor, you are traveling forward in time, from earlier to more recent periods..

Source:

http://www.4to40.com/travel/print.asp?p=The_Purana_Qila_in_Delhi&k=Mahabharata

 

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Shiva Temple In The Sea

In Hinduism on February 26, 2014 at 09:37

A unique temple of Shiva in the sea is in Bhavnagar District,Gujarat.

Temple in the sea.

Shiva Temple in the Sea

Koliyak is located at a distance of about 23 km to the east of Bhavnagar. It is said that Pandavas established Nishkalank or Nakalank Mahadev on a new moon night of the Indian calendar month of Bhadarva. The famous fair popularly known as ‘Bhadarvi’ is held on the new moon night in month of Sharvan, as per the Indian calender. An idol of god Shankar was established in an island, over the sea about 3 km to the east of Koliyak. This temple can be reached between 9.00 am to 12.00 pm on the day next to the new moon night. It has to be noted that the place gets inundated under the tide so the visitors should leave the place before 1.00 pm

Temple legend:

Pandavas killed all the Kuravas and won the battle. Pandavas were grief stricken knowing they acquired sins for killing their own relatives.

In order to find redemption for their sins, Pandavas met Lord Krishna.

To remove the sins, Krishna hands over a black Flag and a Black COW. He asks the Pandavas to follow it, when both Cow and flag turns white, they all will be pardoned.

Krishna also advises them to do penance to lord Shiva, after that.

The angst stricken brothers followed the cow wherever it went and carried the flag.

They walked for days, to different places and the color did not change.

Finally, when they arrived at the Koliyak Beach, both cow and the flag color turned to white. Pandavas were exalted.

And all the 5 brothers sat for deep penance, meditated on lord Shiva.

Lord Shiva impressed by the brothers showed up in lingam form to each brother.

As they meditated, each lingam appeared in front of each brother. In total there were 5 (Swayumbu) lingams that showed up on their own.

Pandavas were delighted to see this and they worshiped all the five lingams with great devotion.

Lord Shiva here is known as Nishkalan Mahadev. ‘Nishkalank’ has many meaning they are clean, pure, guiltless, to cleanse, to purify, etc.

It is said that Pandavas established Nishkalank or Nakalank Mahadev on a Amavasai of the Indian calendar month of Bhadarva.

The famous fair popularly known as ‘Bhadarvi’ is held on the no moon night in month of Sharvan (August), as per the Indian calendar.

An idol of Lord Shiva was established in an island, over the sea about 3 km to the east of Koliyak. Each lingam has a Nandhi facing it.

The lingams are spread across a square Platform.

There is a pond called Pandavas pond and devotees’ first wash their hands and legs and only then they visit the Lord Shivas shrines.

Devotees’ throng this temple during Amavasai (no moon day), it is to be noted here that the tides are very active during full moon day and no moon day, yet devotees patiently wait for the tides to retrieve.
There is strong belief that when loved ones are cremated their ashes are immersed in these waters and by doing so, one attains salvation or moksha. Besides ash, milk, curds and whole coconut are offered to the lord here.
The temple festival is initiated by hoisting the flag by the clans of Maharajas of Bhavnagar.
This flag is on for 364 days and is changed only during the next temple festival. And for the records, the flag has never fallen down or washed away by the tides. It stands undisturbed by the ferocious tides and has seen the deadliest earth quake that killed more than 50,000 people in 2001.
This is a wonder beauty. The devotees worship not many temples that are buried under the sea. However, this temple stands as an exception. Please visit this temple at least ones in a lifetime to experience the spirituality that resonates from this temple!

Source:

http://www.hinduhumanrights.info/the-lord-shiva-temple-in-the-sea/

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