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Posts Tagged ‘Pandava’

Mahabharata 1.8 Million Words In One Verse

In Hinduism on August 4, 2014 at 18:27

Vyasa wrote the Mahabharata in 100,000 Verses, slokas.

 

He has also written the same Mahabharata in different lengths.

 

 

He Compiled the Vedas.

 

Just to have an idea of ho voluminous the Mahabharata is see at  the end of the post.

 

No look this epic of 1.8 Million words in just about 93 Sanskrit Letters!

 

एकश्लोकीमहाभारतम्

आदौ पाण्डववधार्तराष्ट्रजननं लाक्षागृहे दाहनं
द्यूते श्रीहरणं वने विहरणं मत्स्यालये वर्धनम् ।
लीलागोग्रहणं रणे वितरणं सन्धिक्रियाजृम्भणं
भीष्मद्रोणसुयोधनादिमथनं एतन्महाभारतम् ॥

 

“Adau Paandava DhaarthaRaastra Jananam LakshaaGruheDahanam

Dhyootha SreeHaranam VaneVicharanam MatsaaLaye VarthaNam

Govinda Priya BhaashaNaadi Phalitham SandhiKriyaaJrumbhanam

BheeshmaDrona Suyodhanaadhi Hananam ChaitanMahaBharatham”

 

(With) the birth of sons of Pandu and Drthrashtra and (failed attempt) of burning alive Pandavas) in a wax house, Wealth grabbed illegally, exile in forests (of Pandavas), retreat in the house of Matsya (Kingdom) cows stolen and rescued, in battle, Attempts for compromise (between the Pandavas and Karavas by Lord Krishna) failed, Bhishma, Drona Duryodhana and others killed, is MAHABHARATA..

 

Its longest version consists of over 100,000 shloka or over 200,000 individual verse lines (each shloka is a couplet), and long prose passages. About 1.8 million words in total, the Mahabharata is roughly ten times the length of the Iliad and Odyssey combined, or about four times the length of the Ramayana. W. J. Johnson has compared the importance of the Mahabharata to world civilization to that of the Bible, the works of Shakespeare, the works of Homer, Greek drama, or the Qur’an.(www.crystal Links.com)

 

Vyasa wrote two versions, one is the Bharata Charitra and another is The Mahabharata which is popular.

4.Vyasa wrote The Mahabharata with sub-stoiries in 100, 000 slokas for Mankind,

He also wrote it in 24, 000 slokas without the substories.

He wrote again  in a compact form containing 150  slokas,

This is called the Anugramanigathya and is in the First Parva.

4.Vyasa released further editions of the Mahabharata.

One for the Deva Loka with 300000 slokas.

Another for Pithr Loka with 150000.

With 1400000  for the Rakshasas and Yakshas and 100,00 for humanity,

 

Citation.

 

 

http://www.crystalinks.com/Mahabharata.html

Srimad Bhagavatham Of Vyasa In One Sloka

In Hinduism on August 4, 2014 at 07:15

Vyasa is a Master of Prose.

 

 

Vyasa in Sanskrit means exposition, Prose.

 

The entire Bhagavatham is contained in this Sloka.

 

Adau Devakeedevi GarbhaJananm Gopi GruheVardhanam

MaayaaPoothana JeevithaApaharanam  Govardhanodharanam

KamsaChedana Kauravaadi  Hanam Kuntee Suthaa Paalanam

HyethadBhagavatham Puraana Kathitham Sree Krishna LeelaAmrutham”

 

Lord Krishna was born to Devaki,

 

Grew up in the Homes of the Gopikas,

 

Killed Boothana,

 

Lifted Govardhana Mountain,

 

Killed Kamsa, killed th Kauravas, protected and nurtured Kunti‘s children( Pandavas)

 

This is the necar of Lord Krishna’s Divine Play.

 

Mahabharata Events Verified Timeline Some Issues

In Hinduism on July 30, 2014 at 23:21

I have posted the Ramayana Timeline verified by astronomical data.

 

 

To corroborate that further I shall be posting articles with Archelogical, Zoological evidence apart from references from Indian and Foreign literature.

 

After I posted on Ramayana Dateline, I have been asked to write on Mahabharata on similar lines.

 

This is a minefield.

 

One has to be remember that Ramayana had taken place in Treta Yuga while the Mahabharata took place in the Dwapara Yuga.

 

Treta Yuga lasted for 1,296,000 years and the duration of the Dvāpara-yuga is  864,000 years.

 

Mahabharata War took place towards the close of the Dwapara Yuga.

 

That is to say that the Ramayana and Mahabharata were separated by a minimum of 21,59000 Years.

 

Ramayana Events Dateline.

 

Rama’s Birth Date 4th December 7323 B.C

Rama-Seeta Marriage 7th April 7307 B.C

Rama Exiled 29th November 7306

B.C.Hanuman enters Lanka 1st September 7292 B.C

Hanuman meets Seeta 2nd September 7292 B.C.

Sethu (Bridge) built 26-30th Oct. 7292 B.C

The War begins 3rd November 7292 B.C

Kumbhakarna is killed 7th November 7292 B.C.

Ravana is killed by Rama 15th November 7292 B.C.Rama returns to Ayodhya

6th December 7292 B.C.(Vartak,P.V. 1999)”

 

Now The Mahabharta Events Timeline.

 

Hereunder is provided a short table dates of important Mahabharat events in years. (Dates and Tithis in years in Rama Samvat assuming Shri Rama Samvat 1st January. 1 equivalent to 1st Jan 7323 B.C. Rama’s birth date has been conclusively proved to be 4th Dec. 7323 B.C.( “Vastav Ramayan“).

EVENT                                      DATE       
                                      

Going to forest                       4th Sept. 5574 BC

Kitmeet Killed                        7th Sept. 5574 BC

Going underground                     19th May 5562  BC

Keechak killed                        1st April 5561 BC

Anukeechak-Massacre                   2nd April 5561 BC

End of secret life                    9th April 5561 BC

Cows stolen                           15th April 5561 BC

Arjuna exposed                        16th April 5561 BC

All pandavas exposed                  19th April 5561 BC

Marriage of Uttara                    4th May. 
& Abhimanyu.

Krishna set out for a treaty.         27th Sept.

Stay at Upaplavya                     27th Sept.

Stay at Vrukshthala                   28th Sept.

Dinner to Brahmins                    29th Sept.

Entry into Hastinapur                 30th Sept.

Krishna meets Kunti etc.              1st Oct.

Invited for meeting                   2nd Oct.

First meeting                         3rd Oct.

Second meeting and an attempt         4th Oct.   
to arrest Krishna.

Third meeting Vishvaroopa             7th Oct.

Stay at Kunti                         8th Oct.

Krishna meets Karna. War              9th Oct.
    fixed.

Krishna returns                       9th Oct.

Pandavas preparation                  11th Oct.  
Balaram's visit.

Mahabharat war started                16th Oct.

Abhimanyu killed                      28th Oct. 5561 BC.

End of War                            2nd November 5561 B.C.

Yudhishthira crowned                  16th Nov. 5551 BC.

Bhishma expired                       22nd Dec. 5561 BC

Pandava  campaign                     15th Jan. 5560 BC  
for wealth

Parikshita born                       28th Jan. 5560 BC

Pandavas return                       25th Feb. 5560 BC

Ashvamedh Deeksha.                    1st March 5560 BC

Return of Arjuna Horse                15th Jan. 5560 BC

Ashvamedh yajna                       22nd Feb. 5559 BC

Dhrutarashtra went to forest          18th Aug. 5545 BC

Pandavas visited Kunti                18th Aug. 5543 BC
Vidura expired

Death of Kunti, Dhrutarashtra,        Sept./Oct. 5541 BC 
and Gandhari

Yadava Massacre                       5525 B.C.Parikshit Dead                        5499 B.C.

-P.V.Vartak, Swayambhu (in Marathi), Ved Vidnyana Mandal, Pune

All the twelve planets confirm their said positions on 16th October 5561 years B.C. along with two Amavasyas, two eclipses, Kshaya Paksha and a Comet. Thus, in all 18 mathematical positions fix the same date. Therefore, we have to accept this date of the Mahabharat War, if we want to be scientific. Please note that all the twelve planets will come in the same positions again only after 2229 crores of years. That means it will never happen again in the life of our earth, because life of the earth is only 400 crores of years. So the date of the Mahabharat War is pin-pointed as 16th October 5561 B.C..

 

The date of Ramayana  is , the last recoded event for discusssion here, is ,

 

“Ravana is killed by Rama 15th November 7292 B.C.Rama returns to Ayodhya”

 

For Mahabharata,

 Pandavas Going to forest                       4th Sept. 5574 BC is the earliest event taken for discussion here.



The dudifference between the last event of Ramayana and the first event of Mahabharata event is,

7292-/5574 is only 1718 years!

So the difference between the last event of Ramayana and the first Mahabharata event is 7292-/5574. is 1718 Years!

Now to confound further,

'Yet cross indexing the various Purans and the Astrological data supported by actual Astronomical phenomena like Rama‘s Birth chart,Eclipses during Ramayana andMahabharata  forces one to the conclusion that Lord Rama’s Death preceded Lord Krishna’s  only by 200 years."

This anomaly can be answered only if one follows the concept of the theory of Cyclic Theory of Time.

Even if we accept this, there is still the point of reconciling 200 years.

But again, as Time calculation depends on the position of the observer, the dates mentioned and being proved n=by us might vary because our position differs from the recorded dates of Ramayana and Mahabharata.



Citaton.
http://www.hindunet.org/hindu_history/ancient/mahabharat/mahab_vartak.html


http://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2012/10/16/time-non-linear-3-hinduism-explains-how/

Arjuna’s Pilgrimage Photo Essay

In Hinduism on July 15, 2014 at 08:34

When the five Pandavas were living together with their wife Draupadi, they had an arrangement,that Draupadi shall live as wife together with one of the Five and the other four Pandvas shall not be with her.

 

At a point of time, Yudhistrawas living with Draupadi.

 

Agni,God Fire,in the guise of a Brahmin sought the help of  Arjuna to help  ease his hunger.

 

Arjuna,being a Kshatriy and a King, could not but to accede to Agni’s request.

 

Without knowing who Agni was and what his hunger was for, Arjuna agreed and was  shocked to know it was Agni and his hunger was for burning down the Kanadava Forest.

 

He was in a dilemma for as a King he(Prince)  he had a duty to protect   forests with the animals living in it.

 

He consulted(who else?) Lord Krishna,who told him as a King and Kshatriya it was his duty to fulfill his promise .

 

( Krishna had a hidden agenda.

 

He knew that a great war will ensue , that Arjuna  did not have a powerful Bow and he waned Arjuna to possess one.

 

He engineered the whole event though Indra,father of Arjuna.)

 

As anticipated by Krishna Agni asked Vauna to give the best bow and he gave the Kandeeva to Arjuna.

 

Arjuna burnt the forest.

 

Agini gave him the Agneyastra as well.

 

When Arjuna came Home to take his old bow and arrows,he unintentionally saw Yudihistra and Draupadi together.

 

It is considered to be a sin to see man and wife together when they are intimate,Sastras declare and one has to atone for this,Prayaschitta.

 

One of the Prayascitta was going on a Pilgrimage.

 

Krishna advised the Prayaschitta of Pilgrimage as He wanted Arjuna to get the help of as many Kings as possible for the Mahabharata war(Arjuna was not aware of the fact).

 

Arjuna went on a Pilgrimage of India and in the process married many a princesses,including the daughter of a Pandya king-the Pandya fought the war along with the Panadvas.

 

Vyasa gives a detailed description of the route taken by Arjuna during the Pilgrimage.

 

This is the route taken by Arjuna.

 

Mbh.1.215:- Followed by Brahmanas conversant with the Vedas and their branches and devoted to the contemplation of the Supreme Spirit, by persons skilled in music, by ascetics devoted to the Deity, by reciters of Puranas, by narrators of sacred stories by devotees leading celibate lives, by Vanaprasthas, by Brahmanas sweetly reciting celestial histories, and by various other classes of persons of sweet speeches, Arjuna journeyed. He saw many delightful and picturesque forests, lakes, rivers, seas, provinces, and waters in his journey. At length, on arriving at the source of theGanges the mighty hero thought of settling there.

After leaving his city viz. IndraprasthaArjuna finally reaches the source of Ganga. It was also known as Gangadwara (Haridwar). There Arjuna metUlupi, the daughter of a Naga king who belonged to the Kauravya branch of the Airavata Nagas. His palace seems to be at Nagal, very close toRishikesh. Arjuna went to the palace of Kauravya and spent one night with Ulupi. (Their union resulted in the birth of a great Naga warrior by the name Iravat. The name indicate that he belonged to the Airavata Naga race.) In the next day morning Ulupi took back Arjuna to Gangadwara and left him there.

Arjuna's journey into Gangadwara and the Himalayan Peaks.jpg

Arjuna’s journey into Gangadwara and the Himalayan Peaks. Click to Enlarge

Arjuna's journey through Naimisharanya.jpg

Arjuna’s journey through Naimisharanya. Click to Enlarge.

 Arjuna's journey through Gaya, Kausiki, Nanda and Aparananda. jpg

Arjuna’s journey through Gaya, Kausiki, Nanda and Aparananda. Click to Enlarge.

 Arjuna's journey from Manipura towards Southern Ocean, Gokarna, Prabhasa, Raivataka, Dwaraka, Pushkara and back to Indraprastha. Three possible routes are shown. Godavari route is more likely. Route through Krishna river reaching Gokarna of Karnataka as well as route through Kanyakumari are less likely. The arrow indicates that the Manipura tribe in Kalinga had migrated to Manipur state of India.jpg

Arjuna’s journey from Manipura towards Southern Ocean, Gokarna, Prabhasa, Raivataka, Dwaraka, Pushkara and back to Indraprastha. Three possible routes are shown. Godavari route is more likely. Route through Krishna river reaching Gokarna of Karnataka as well as route through Kanyakumari are less likely. The arrow indicates that the Manipura tribe in Kalinga had migrated to Manipur state of India. Click to Enlarge.

 

Citation.

http://ancientvoice.wikidot.com/travel:arjuna-s-pilgrimage

Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License

 

Pandyas Tamil Kings Lemuria Continent In Mahabharata

In Hinduism on May 28, 2014 at 18:23

There are references to the Mahabharata in the Tamil Sangam Literature and The Mahabharata refers to the Tamil Kings.

 

Lemuria, Tamil Land Mentioned In Mahabharata.Image.jpg.

Lemuria, Tamil Land Mentioned In Mahabharata.

 

The Tamil King Perunchotru Udiyan Neduncheralathan was the one who fed  both Kauravas and Pandavas during the Mahabharata War.

 

He also had Tharpana performed for those who did in the Mahbharata war in the Chera Kingdom(History of the Tamils by PT .Srinivasa Iyengar)

 

Arjuna and Sahadeva went on a Pilgrimage to the Tamil Kingdoms in the South.

 

There are references to Lord Krishna having been acquainted with the Pandya Kings.

 

Pandya was present in the Rajasuya ceremony of Pandava king Yudhisthira (2:36,43).


The Kings of Chola and Pandya, brought numberless jars of gold filled with fragrant sandal juice from the hills of Malaya, and loads of sandal and aloe wood from the Dardduras hills, and many gems of great brilliancy and fine cloths inlaid with gold. Singhalas gave those best of sea-born gems called the lapis lazuli, and heaps of pearls also, and hundreds of coverlets for elephants (2:51).

 

Bhishmaka, the mighty king of the Bhojas (of Vidarbha Kingdom) who governs a fourth part of the world, by his learning conquered the Pandyas and the Kratha-Kausikas (2:14).

Having met with Rukmi (of Vidarbha Kingdom), Karna, repaired to Pandya and the mountain, Sri. And by fighting, he made Karala Kerala?), king Nila, Venudari’s son, and other best of kings living in the southern direction pay tribute (3:252)

Having brought king Nila of Avanti Kingdom under his sway thus, the victorious son of Madri (Sahadeva) then went further towards the south. He brought the king of Tripura under his sway.

And next turning his forces against the Paurava kingdom, he vanquished and reduced to subjection the monarch thereof. And the prince, after this, with great efforts brought Akriti, the king of Saurashtra and preceptor of the Kausikas under his sway.

The virtuous prince, while staying in the kingdom of Saurashtra sent an ambassador unto king Rukmin, the son of Bhishmaka within the territories ofBhojakata.

And the monarch along with his son, remembering their relationship with Vasudeva Krishna, cheerfully accepted, the sway of the son ofPandu.

He marched further to the south and reduced to subjection, Surparaka and Talakata, and the Dandakas also.

The Kuru warrior then vanquished and brought under his subjection numberless kings of the Mlechchha tribe living on the sea coast, and the Nishadas and the cannibals and even the Karnapravarnas, and those tribes also called the Kalamukhas (dark faced) who were a cross between human beings and Rakshasas, and the whole of the Cole (Chola or Kolwa) mountains, and also Surabhi-patna, and the island called the Copper island, and the mountain called Ramaka.

He having brought under subjection king Timingila, conquered a wild tribe known by the name of the Kerakas.

The son of Pandu also conquered the town of Sanjayanti and the country of the Pashandas and the Karanatakas by means of his messengers alone, and made all of them pay tributes to him.

The hero brought under his subjection and exacted tributes from the Paundrayas (Pandyas?) and the Dravidas along with theUdrakeralas and the Andhras and the Talavanas, the Kalingas and the Ushtrakarnikas, and also the delightful city of Atavi and that of the Yavanas.

And, He having arrived at the sea-shore, then dispatched with great assurance messengers unto the illustrious Vibhishana, the grandson of Pulastya and the ruler of Lanka (2:30).

Vasudeva Krishna slew king Pandya by striking his breast against his, and moved down the Kalingas in battle (5:48). The Cholas and the Pandyas were mentioned as vanquished by Krishna at (7:11).

The mighty Sarangadhwaja, the king of the Pandyas, has white steeds, decked with armour set with stones of lapis lazuli.

 

His country was invaded and his father was slain by Krishna in battle. Obtaining weapons then from Bhishma and DronaBala Rama and Kripa, prince Sarangadhwaja became, in weapons, the equal of Rukmi and Karna and Arjuna and Achyuta.

 

He then desired to destroy the city of Dwaraka and subjugate the whole world.

 

Wise friends, however, from desire of doing him good, counselled him against that course.

 

Giving up all thoughts of revenge, he is now ruling his own dominions. Steeds that were all of the hue of the Atrusa flower bore a hundred and forty thousand principle car-warriors that followed that Sarangadhwaja, the king of the Pandyas, opposing Drona in Kurukshetra War.(7:23).

 

Pandyas were fierce warriors who took part in the Kurukshetra War as per the epic Mahabharata.

They were mentioned both in the epicMahabharata and epic Ramayana.

A Pandya king named Sarangadwaja (alternatively Malayadwaja) is mentioned as participating in the Kurukshetra War, siding with the Pandavas.

It is not clear if Pandyas had any tribal links with the Pandavas of north-India.

This kingdom existed in the southern part of modern day Tamil Nadu state of India, to the south of Kaveri River.

Their capital was Madhura on the banks of the Tamraparni River, which is now known as Vaigai river.

The name Madhura resembles the Mathura of northern India indicative of a connection with the Yadavas who once ruled at Mathura.

Pandyas, Cholas and Keralas were also mentioned in Tamil literature complementing their mention in the Sanskrit literature (constituted by Ramayana, Mahabharata, Puranas and Vedas).

By looking at the descriptions of the land of Tamils, especially of Pandyas, one is made to conclude that this land mass was in the submerged continent of  Lemuria.

Please read my posts ,Million Year Old Tamil Quotes Vedas and They quote Tamil, Lemuria, home of The Tamils in Ramayana Mahabharata.

Citation.

Ancient Voice wikidot.

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