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Posts Tagged ‘Nirguna Brahman’

Mental Worship Of Attributeless Nirguna Manasa Pooja

In Hinduism on August 27, 2014 at 08:46

The Ultimate Reality, Hinduism decades is of Two perspectives.

Ramana Maharishi and Shiva Linga.jpg

Ramana Maharishi and Shiva Linga.Image Credit. en.wikipedia.org

One with Attributes, qualities,Saguna.

The other Nirguna, without Attributes,Nirguna.

The western thought explores the Universe through what is outside,the perceived.

It is necessary to have something in us to perceive .

For all we know, there may be things out there and if one does not se it or perceive it, one may never know it, aware of it.

Awareness, which is the rudiment of Knowledge,, needs two things.

That which is to one known and that which knows or is aware.

‘We have the Mind as an instrument.

We know things through the Mind.

If the Mind is absent or dysfunctional, we will not know things out there or may not know them as they are.

Hinduism makes further distinction.

Mind is what interprets sensations and the Data received.

The sensations or Data is received is through the Brain, which is just like a CPU, just receives.

The job of sorting them out, collating adding value judgements is reserved for the Mind.

The classification and addition of value judgments is by the Chitta that directs the mind.

The Chitta is based on Human Dispositions.

The dispositions of individuals vary.

So what is out there varies .

So logically what we perceive is not what IS but what we perceive as what IS.

So Reality expresses itself in the way we want to perceive it.

This is the reason why many Gods and Goddesses are found in Hinduism.

Without accommodating the Mind to perceive by providing it with a Target, we can not know what is outside.

Therefore knowing the limitations of the Mind, Hinduism prescribes different systems of worship.

The target of worship may be an Idol, Symbol.

Once the Mind gets focussed on this, it evolves to comprehend the Ultimate Reality without Attribute, Brahman.

These procedures are like gradually moving from LKG to Ph.d.

Once you obtain Ph.d , LKG seems to be irrational and look unnecessary.

But without it, you could not have reached Ph.d level.

Yet there are individuals who are equipped with dispositions to do Ph.d, that is to understand Reality without Attributes, Nirguna Brhaman.

One Like Ramana Maharishi

Adi Shankaracharya has provided a Stotra addressed to Nirguna Brahman which explains these.

One may notice that all the Sahasranamas, Vishnu  and Lalitha Sahasranamas have Saguna and Nirguna Brahma upasanas embedded in them.

Lalitha Sahsranama has organised this better by allotting separate portions,like Saguna Aradhana, Nirguna Aradhana and the identification of Shiva and Shakthi in the same Text.

I shall be posting on this later.

The Nirguna Manasa Pooja by Adi Shankaracharya.

The disciple said:

1. In the indivisible Satchidananda whose nature is only unconditioned, and which is also the non-dual state, how is worship prescribed?

2. Where is the invocation (avahana) of the Fullness, and the seat (asana) of the All-supporting How is there washing of the feet (padya), offering of water (arghya) and sipping (achamana) for the limpid and Pure One?

3. How is there bathing (snana) for the Immaculate, and clothing (vasa) for the womb of the universe? How is there a sacred thread (upavita) for Him who is without lineage and caste?

4. How is there sandal paste (gandha) for the Unattached, and flowers (pushpa) for the Odorless? What is the jewel (bhusha) of the Undifferentiated? What ornament (alamkara) for the Formless?

5. What use of incense (dhupa) for the Spotless, or of lamps (dipa) for the Witness of everything? What is here the food-offering (naivedyam) for Him who is satiated only with His own bliss?

6-7. How does one prepare betel (tambula) for the Rejoicer of the universe? He whose nature is self-luminous consciousness, that Illuminator of the sun and other stars, who is sung by `shrutis’, how is there for Him the light- waving ceremony (nirajana) What circumambulation (pradakshina) for the Infinite? What prostration (pranama) for the non-dual Reality?

8. For Him who is unknowable by the words of the Vedas, what praise (stotra) is prescribed? How is there the ceremony of dismissal (udavasana) for Him who is established inside and outside?

The Guru said:

9. I worship the symbol of the Self (atmalinga) shining like a jewel and situated in the heart-lotus within the city of illusion, with the ablutions (abhisheka) of the unsullied mind from the river of faith, always, with the flowers of samadhi, for the sake of non-rebirth.

10. `I am the One, the Ultimate’. Thus one should invoke (avahayet) Lord Siva. Then one should prepare the seat (asana) , that is thinking of the self-established Self.

11. `I have no contact with the dust of virtue and sin.’ Thus should the wise one offer washing of the fet (padya), that is such knowledge destroying all sins.

12. One should pour forth tha handful of water which is the root- ignorance held from time without beginning. This is verily the water- offering (arghya) of the symbol of the Self.

13. `Indra and other beings drink only the tiny fraction of a drop from the waves of the bliss ocean of Brahman.’ That meditation is considered as the sipping (achamana).

14. `All the worlds are bathed verily by the water of Brahma’s bliss which is indivisible.’ That meditation is the ablution (abhishechana) of the Self.

15. `I am the light of Consciousness without any veil’. This thinking is the holy cloth (sad vastram) of the symbol of the Self. Thus should think the wise one.

16. `I am the thread of the garland of all the worlds which are in the nature of the three gunas’. This conviction is verily considered here as the highest sacred thread (upavIta).

17. `This manifold world mingled with numerous impressions is supported by me, and by no other’. This meditation is the sandal paste (chandana) of the Self.

18. With the sesamum-flowers in the form of renunciation of the activity of sattva, rajas, and tamas, one should always worship (yajet) the symbol of the Self, for attaing liberation while living.

19. With the non-dual Bel leaves devoid of the triple distinction between the Lord, the guru, and the Self, one should worship (yajet) Lord Siva that is symbol of the Self.

20. One should think of His incense (dhupa) as the giving up of all impressions. The wise one should show the lamp (dipa) that is the realization of the luminous Self.

21. The food-offering (naivedyam) of the symbol of the Self is the big rice pudding known as the egg-universe of Brahma. Do drink the sweet nectar of bliss that is the delightful beverage (upasechana) of Mrityu or Lord Siva.

22. One should remember that cleansing the remnants of ignorance with the water of knowledge, is the washing of hands (hasta prakshalana) of the pure symbol of the Self.

23. Giving up the use of the objects of passion, this is the chewing of betel (tambula) of Lord Siva, the supreme Self who is devoid of the attributes beginning with passion.

24. Knowledge on one’s own nature of Brahman, most shining, and burning to destruction the darkness of ignorance, that is here the waving of lights (nirajana) of the Self.

25. The vision of the manifold Brahman is the ornament (alamkritam) with garlands. Then one should remember the vision of the all- blissful nature of the Self, as the handful of flowers. (pushpanjali).

26. `Thousands of Brahma’s mundane eggs revolve in me, the Lord, whose nature is immovable and steady like a heap.’ This meditation is the circumambulation (pradakshina).

27. `I am verily worthy of a universal salutation. Apart from my true Self, none is so worthy of salutation.’ This reflection is verily here the salutation (vandana) of the symbol of one’s own Self.

28. The idea of the unreality of duties is termed as the saintly act (sat kriya) of the Self. Thinking of the Self as being beyond names and forms, this is the praise of his name (nama kirtana).

29. The hearing (shravana) of that God is the thought of the unreality of things to be heard of. The reflection (manana) of the symbol of the Self is the thought of the unreality of things to be reflected on.

30-31. Knowledge of the unreality of things to be contemplated upon, is the deep meditation (nididhyasana) of the Self. Devotedness to the Self by the absence of all delusion and distraction, is named the perfect steadiness (samadhi) of the Self; and not delusion of one whose mind rests on something else. This is called the eternal reposeof the mind (chitta vishranti) in Brahman itself.

32-33. Thus performing till death or even for a moment this worship of the symbols of one’s own Self, which is expounded according to Vedanta, one who is well concentrated should give up the illusion of all bad impressions, as dust from the feet. Having shaken off the mass of ignorance and pain, one attains the bliss of liberation.

Nirguna Manas Pooja .   devanAgari PDF

Citation.

http://www.astrojyoti.com/nirgunamanasapooja.htm

Parents Of Shiva Vishnu and Brahma

In Hinduism on August 24, 2014 at 07:54

There has been a spate of emails to me on this question.

 

And there was the question in Yahoo answers.

 

Between Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva, why is Brahma (the creator) worshipped the least ? I am told that it is because Brahma was cursed by somebody. If that is true, this means that our God performed deeds bad enough to be cursed. It also means that there was somebody who also possessed more power that our Creator. Please explain.”

 

Hence this post.

 

Who are the parents of the Trimurtis, Brahma Vishnu and Shiva?

 

Brahma is portrayed as the son of Vishnu in all the Puranas, having come out of Lord Vishnu’s Nabhi(Belly Button)

 

Vishnu Purana says that Rudra was born of Kashyapa so are the Twelve Adhiyas, including Vishnu.

 

Vishnu Purana maintains that Vishnu is the Supreme Lord and the othertwo murthis are from Him.

 

Brahma Purana says that Rudra is the son of Braham(please read y post)

 

Shiva Purana declares that Vishnu and the other Devatas originated from Shiva.

 

There is direct reference to Shiva in the Vedas(read my post)

 

We find that Devi Bhagavatha stating that Devi is the Creator of all the devas including the Trimurthis.

 

The Bhagavad Gita states that Krishna is the Supreme Deity.

 

In the same breath it declares that in whatever form one worships,Krishna grants one’s wishes as That Form.

 

Why such seeming contradictions?

 

Added to this the core philosophy of the Vedas.

 

Para Vidya (beyond this world Knowledge) and Apara Vidya (worldly Vidya.

 

Of Reality without Attributes ,Nirguna Brahman and Relity with Attributes,Saguna Brahman.

 

There is also the interpretation, that Shiva is the Potential energy, Vishnu the Kinetic energy which moves and Brahma, an aspect of Kinetic energy.

 

Let us see what all this means.

 

As ordained by the Vedas, the Para Vidya is Real, that is of realizing the Ultimate Reality.

 

Vedas are uniform in the assertion that the Brahman , Reality is with out Attributes and can , at bes,t be described by the process of exclusion of Attributes, the neti Nyaya,.

 

That is ,trying to determine and explain Reality by excluding the attributes known to Man, like Long, Tall, Short,big,small….

 

That which remains after excluding all these attributes, what does remain?

 

To our limited mind which is conditioned by the twins of Space and Time,it appears to be Zero.

 

This is what the Sunyavadins of Buddhism arrive at.

 

Is that so?

 

Let us look at this with the help of a simple example.

 

A Flower has many attributes, properties,

 

It has colors of various shades, size, shape,smell and more properties which can be perceived by our senses through our mind.

 

When you remove all these what does remain?

 

We can not comprehend that all one can say.

 

There has to be something to hold down integrate all these attributes to present a Flower.

 

It need not mean that there is nothing because we are not aware of it for my mind tells me that the are many  things which I can not KNOW but FEEL.

 

Like Hunger, Thirst, Sex to cite a few examples.

 

Knowing is different from feeling.

 

God can be felt not known.

 

The mind tries to give a description of feelings but never a definition.

 

You can describe Hunger but never define it except by various symptoms.

 

Similarly Reality can be described but never defined for it is beyond us.

 

Tamil Language has two beautiful words for God.

 

Kadavul, One who is beyond Mind.

 

Iraivan, One who permanently resides in the Heart.

 

Heart feels which can not be deciphered by them Mind.

 

Reality comes under this category.

 

So God/Reality can only be felt.

 

Now have N number of individuals with varying dispositions.

 

Depending on one’s disposition one realizes , understands, feels Realty or God.

 

Those who want to see God as a male, Female, a Friend, A child, a Lover …

 

All can realize through any of these approaches.

 

Hinduism looks for God in Man.

 

As such the limitations of Man has to be understood.

 

With the available tools Man has, one has to realize God,Reality.

 

This Hinduism does.

 

So worship of Gods in many forms and many Devatas.

 

This is a step to understanding realizing the Reality.

 

So the Gods described, Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva are the expressions of this.

 

It is equally essential that, to reinforce Faith in the Mind, to believe that what one follows , is the Best nd Superior to others.

 

This process is called Henotheism.

 

So each Purana declares the deity it is named after as the Best and superior to the others.

 

Hence , Brahman with out attributes is the Reality and the Gods explained in Puranas and their explanations are bit a step to realize Brahman.

 

The question of the parentage of any of these deities do not arise at the Highest level of Knowledge.

 

This also has a logical limitation.

 

The cause for any thing must end at one place,be it Science or Religion.

 

Please read my post  Many Gods in Hinduism, Yes and No.

 

https://beta.groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/saibabanews/conversations/topics/52678

What is Yoga Kundalini Upanishad

In Hinduism on June 8, 2014 at 08:04

All of us are aware of the Yoga system of Patanjali through his work Yoga Sutras ans he is regarded as the founder of the Yoga system of Indian

Philosophy.

 

7_Chakras.JPG

7 Chakras of Kundalini Yoga. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository

 

We also have Shiva sutras which deal pretty much on the same subject.

 

We have yet another treatise on Yoga in the form of a minor Upanishad, Yoga Kundlini Upanishad.

 

This Upanishad is from the Krishna Yajur Veda.

 

It has three distinct approaches o the Yoga.

 

It deals with Chitta primarily.

 

 

Patanjali describes what Yoga is in his first sutra,

 

‘Yoga: Chitaa Vrutti Nirodha’

 

Cessation of the modification of Chitta is Yoga.

 

Elaborating on this sutra , the Yoga Kundalini Upanishad discusses the different methods, some are different from Patanjali’s.

 

It deals with an exposition of Hatha and Lambika Yogas.

 

 

It concludes with an account of the non-qualified Brahman,that is the Nirguna Brahman.

 

Patanjali found it necessary to have a Personal God, Ishwara for practicing Yoga.

 

The Non-dual Brahman is , in the opinion of Patanjali, is easier to realize through the Personal God,Ishwara.

 

Please read my posts on this.

 

Kundalini Yoga analyses  the nature of Chitta in deatil

 

It maintains that Samskaras and Vasana( remnants of actions performed ,( both now and in the past births)  and Prana, the Vital Breath constitute the

 

 

causes for the existence of Chitta.

 

If Vasanas are controlled, Prana is automatically controlled. If Prana is controlled, the Vasanas are automatically controlled.

 

The Yoga-Kundalini Upanishad presents methods for the control of Prana.

 

The Yoga does not deal directly with Vasanas.

 

It deals directly with the techniques of controlling the Prana.

 

The three methods given in the Yoga-Kundalini Upanishad for the control of Prana are:

 

Mitahara, Asana and Shakti-Chalana.

 

 

 

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‘Universe A Master Computer Controlled’. Confirms Indian Thought.

In Astrophysics, Hinduism, India, Indian Philosophy on December 19, 2012 at 11:10

Recent Studies on the Universe speculate that there may be 10,500 Universes with different laws of Physics.

Based on String Theory this Study suggests that we might be a controlled by a Master Computer Programme with set patterns.

There could be a Super Computer controlling the Universes.

This Theory may be new to the West.

Indian philosophy ,asserts this Principle at different levels and systems.

1. Advaita.Or Non-Dualism postulates that the Universal basic Principle is One and That is called  Brahman.

This Principle is the essence of Being,Knowledge and Bliss.

The world as we see it is an Illusion(Maya).

(This Illusion is called as ‘Avidya or Nescience’ at the individual level and ‘Maya’or Illusion at the Macro level)

It is not to say that it does not Exist.

It has a Relative existence with in the laid down parameters.

The other Existence is called Absolute ‘where the words do not reach, nor thoughts operate’.

At this Absolute level, there are no Attributes or Qualities ,to use a common word.

This is Called the Nirguna Brahman.

Then what about the World we see and Live?

As said earlier it also Exists,though in a limited sense, with the qualities that can be perceived by the organs provided to us and also the make up of the External universe.

These Perceptions we have of our Daily Universe is limited in Space and Time, that is Finite,for we have the Mind is limited by its inability  to perceive without reference to Space and Time.

Immanuel Kant put it simple ‘Time and Space are the Goggles through which we perceive’

So the Universe is Finite for we conditioned to perceive the limited or the limited Nature of the Universe.

The different Universes that exist are regulated by other Laws and the Perceptive organs and the Laws are totally different.

There are 14 levels of Existence, each being controlled thus.

2.Theory of Karma. Karma means action.

Every action performed produces equal and opposite reaction.

When we complete an action, we have excluded the other choices presented to us.

Any choice presented has a set pattern.

So when only one option is taken the balance remain.

Action is a form of energy and once available can not be destroyed but can be changed.

Hence the opposite reactions for our actions and the remaining actions remain even after completion of action.

This remnant  Energy , since it originates from the Doer, the reactions are limited to the Doer alone.

This in short is the abstract of Karma Theory.

Karma is of three kinds.

Sanchita Karma-Total accumulation of the reactions of the actions of the  individual.

What ever we under go is due to a portion of the Karma that is taken out of the totality, Sanchita Karrma.

This Karma is called Prarabda Karma

The balance of the Sanchita Karma will take its course.

Then what about the actions we perform?

This is called Kriyamaana Karma which will yield results and to use banking term, will be credited or debited to your account.

An extension of this thought proves the existence of Life after Death and Rebirth.

As the quality of actions and consequently the reactions differ , one is assigned to different levels of Existence.

Buddhism,Jainism.The Theory of Karma is applied more stringently.Things differ from each other because of the rate at which they vibrate,

Higher the vibration subtler it becomes.

Lower it becomes Gross.

Actions create vasanas and vibrations and these results assign one to different levels of existence and worlds.

For more details please read my blogs filed under Indian Philosophy,Religion,Hinduism and for a detailed explanation of Time Theory refer my blog Time a Non Linear Theory.

Universe

universesandbox

“Imagine the situation where we get a big enough computer to simulate our universe, and we start such a simulation on our computers,” said professor Martin Savage, a physicists working on the project. “If that simulation runs long enough, and have same laws as our universe, then something like our universe will emerge within that simulations, and the situation will repeat itself within each simulation,” he said.

The current understanding of string theory indicates that there are 10,500 universes with different laws that determine the behaviour of particles within them, he said.

“So it is certainly true, that with enough computer resources, theorists would like to explore these universes ,” he added.

Explaining how the experiment works, physicists claim that finite computer resources mean that space time is not continuous but set on a grid with a finite volume, designed to create maximum energy subatomic particles. The direction these particles flow in will depend on how they are ordered on the grid. They will be looking at the distribution of the highest energy cosmic rays in order to detect patterns that could suggest that universe is the creation of some futuristic computer technology.

And if it does turns out that we are mere players in some sort of computer programme, they suggested that there may be a way to mess with the program, and play with the minds of our creators. “One could imagine trying to figure out how to manipulate the code, communicate with the code and questions that appear weird to consider today,” he said…

http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2012-12-17/science/35868462_1_computer-resources-universe-simulation

The point that we can manipulate the master code is fallacious as the Finite can not manipulate the Infinite .

Some things never change. Physicists call them the constants of nature. Such quantities as the velocity of light, c, Newton’s constant of gravitation, G, and the mass of the electron, me, are assumed to be the same at all places and times in the universe. They form the scaffolding around which the theories of physics are erected, and they define the fabric of our universe. …

In recent years, however, the status of the constants has grown more muddled, not less. Researchers have found that the best candidate for a theory of everything, the variant of string theory called M-theory, is self-consistent only if the universe has more than four dimensions of space and time – as many as seven more. One implication is that the constants we observe may not, in fact, be the truly fundamental ones. Those live in the full higher-dimensional space, and we see only their three-dimensional “shadows.” …

In fact, string theory allows for a vast number – 10,500 – of possible “worlds” with different self-consistent sets of laws and constants. …

The constants are a tantalizing mystery. Every equation of physics is filled with them, and they seem so prosaic that people tend to forget how unaccountable their values are. Their origin is bound up with some of the grandest questions of modern science, from the unification of physics to the expansion of the universe.

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/06/26/weekinreview/26read.html?_r=0

After measuring alpha in around 300 distant galaxies, a consistency emerged: this magic number, which tells us the strength of electromagnetism, is not the same everywhere as it is here on Earth, and seems to vary continuously along a preferred axis through the universe,” Professor John Webb from the University of New South Wales said.

“The implications for our current understanding of science are profound. If the laws of physics turn out to be merely ‘local by-laws’, it might be that whilst our observable part of the universe favours the existence of life and human beings, other far more distant regions may exist where different laws preclude the formation of life, at least as we know it.”(science Daily.com)

 

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