Posts Tagged ‘Newton’

Laws Of Motion Rig Veda Full Moon Image Verses

In Astrophysics, Hinduism on April 25, 2014 at 11:57

I am providing Newton’s Laws of Motion and the Rig Vedic Verses,Hinduism, of over Five Thousand Years.


Full Moon During Vedic Period

Below are a number of sky-maps, all with the same legend and in the same format – the red arc is the ecliptic; the constellation boundaries are marked in green; the names of the constellations and the bright stars visible very easily with naked eyes are marked in yellow and red. The first sky map show how the night sky looked like on 10th April, 2000 BC in Arkaim. It was just a day before the full moon nearest to Vernal Equinox. Some of the lunar mansions with very bright stars like Spica, Arcturus, Antares and Shaula are marked on the ecliptic. In 2000 BC Thuban of the Draco constellation was very close to being the Polestar (it was the Polestar around 2800 BC). Due to the precession of equinoxes, discussed in details earlier, different stars, all arranged in a circle, become Polestars at various points of time. Thuban (2800 BC), Polaris (now) and Vega (12000 BC & 14000 AD) are marked in the sky-map. On this particular day, 10th April, the moon is in the nakshatra Anuradha. Source: http://indigyan.blogspot.in/2011/04/rig-veda-chariot-constellations-pole.html



Newton’s Laws of Motion.


  1. First law: When viewed in an inertial reference frame, an object either remains at rest or continues to move at a constant velocity, unless acted upon by an external force.[2][3]
  2. Second lawF = ma. The vector sum of the forces F on an object is equal to the mass m of that object multiplied by the accelerationvector a of the object.
  3. Third law: When one body exerts a force on a second body, the second body simultaneously exerts a force equal in magnitude and opposite in direction on the first body.

Still simpler.


I. Every object in a state of uniform motion tends to remain in that state of motion unless an external force is applied to it.


II. The relationship between an object’s mass m, its acceleration a, and the applied force F is F = ma. Acceleration and force are vectors (as indicated by their symbols being displayed in slant bold font); in this law the direction of the force vector is the same as the direction of the acceleration vector.

III. For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.



Rig Vedic Verses on Laws of Motion.

The sun has tied Earth and other planets through attraction and moves them around itself as if a trainer moves newly trained horses around itself holding their reins.”
The first one is Rigveda 10.149.1.This is one of the several Mantras in Vedas that assert that planets move around sun. It says:
In this mantra,
Savita = Sun
Yantraih = through reins
Prithiveem = Earth
Aramnaat = Ties
Dyaam Andahat = Other planets in sky as well
Atoorte = Unbreakable
Baddham = Holds
Ashwam Iv Adhukshat = Like horses.


The second one Rigveda 8.12.28 details this motion of planet

“All planets remain stable because as they come closer to sun due to attraction, their speed of coming closer increases proportionately.”

In this Mantra,
Yada Te = When they
Haryataa = Come closer through attraction
Hari = Closeness
Vaavridhate = Increases proportionately
Divedive = continuously
Vishwa Bhuvani = planets of the world
Aditte = eventually
Yemire = remain stable

(The reference to sun comes from rest of the Mantras in this Sukta before and after this mantra)

The mantra clearly states that:

1. Motion of planets around the sun is not circular, even though sun is the central force causing planets to move (Refer previous mantra 10.149.1)

2. The motion of planets is such that Velocity of planets is in inverse relation with the distance between planet and sun.

It can be easily shown with the help of Newton’s Second Law that, for a planet revolving around sun in an elliptical orbit, having distance ‘r’ with sun and angle ‘θ’ made between length ‘r’ and any fixed axis, at any instant, following holds true

From the above, it can be easily shown that derivative of the product of square of distance between sun and planet and rate of change of angle θ, with respect to time, is zero. And thus following relation is obtained (with h as a constant)

Interestingly, the above relation is nothing but the conservation of angular momentum, observed in cases involving Central Forces! If you replace angular velocity with linear velocity, it leads exactly to the same principle that the Vedic mantra 8.12.28 asserts – that velocity of planets is inversely related to distance from sun!


Vedas and Motion of planets

Refer the following link for more verses.

Rig Veda and Motion




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Gravity Assumptions Galore.

In Astrophysics, Society on December 31, 2012 at 11:48

Gravity is the Force that appears to attract Physical Bodies towards each other’.

Let’s see how much we know about it.


Note the Definition, ‘appears to attract’ – We are not sure.


Einstein’s Views -’Theory of  General Relativity‘ as applied to Gravity.


Space and Time , Spacetime condition Gravity.


General relativity, or the general theory of relativity, is the geometric theory of gravitation published by Albert Einstein in 1916[1] and the current description of gravitation in modern physics. General relativity generalises special relativity and Newton’s law of universal gravitation, providing a unified description of gravity as a geometric property of space and time, or spacetime. In particular, the curvature of spacetime is directly related to the energy and momentum of whatever matter and radiation are present. The relation is specified by the Einstein field equations, a system of partial differential equations.”…


Some predictions of general relativity differ significantly from those of classical physics, especially concerning the passage of time, the geometry of space, the motion of bodies in free fall, and the propagation of light. Examples of such differences include gravitational time dilationgravitational lensing, the gravitational redshift of light, and the gravitational time delay. The predictions of general relativity have been confirmed in all observations and experiments to date. Although general relativity is not the only relativistic theory of gravity, it is the simplest theory that is consistent with experimental data. However, unanswered questions remain, the most fundamental being how general relativity can be reconciled with the laws of quantum physics to produce a complete and self-consistent theory of quantum gravity.




Space is curved(please read my blogs under Astrophysics).


Have we defined Space, Tie?




Consequently Gravitation as influenced by Spacetime,at best, remains a conjecture.


Space time and Gravitation

Two-dimensional analogy of spacetime distortion generated by the mass of an object. Matter changes the geometry of spacetime, this (curved) geometry being interpreted as gravity. White lines do not represent the curvature of space but instead represent the coordinate system imposed on the curved spacetime, which would be rectilinear in a flat spacetime.


Newton on Gravity(theory discared, yet being used in Calculations)


” “I deduced that the forces which keep the planets in their orbs must [be] reciprocally as the squares of their distances from the centers about which they revolve: and thereby compared the force requisite to keep the Moon in her Orb with the force of gravity at the surface of the Earth; and found them answer pretty nearly’…


Although Newton’s theory has been superseded, most modern non-relativistic gravitational calculations are still made using Newton’s theory because it is a much simpler theory to work with than general relativity, and gives sufficiently accurate results for most applications involving sufficiently small masses, speeds and energies.’


Irrespective of the fact whether our Theory is Right or Wrong, Principles of Nature work,so much for Science.


By the way , can some one forward me the exact definition of Nature?


Earth’s Gravity.


a) Earth is ‘assumed’ to be surrounded by its own Gravitational Filed, which exerts an attractive force on all objects. Assuming a spherically symmetrical planet, the strength of this field at any given point is proportional to the planetary body’s mass and inversely proportional to the square of the distance from the center of the body….


The fundamental is an Assumption.


Again, ‘ This means that, ignoring air resistance, an object falling freely near the Earth’s surface increases its velocity by 9.81 m/s (32.2 ft/s or 22 mph) for each second of its descent. Thus, an object starting from rest will attain a velocity of 9.81 m/s (32.2 ft/s) after one second, 19.62 m/s (64.4 ft/s) after two seconds, and so on, adding 9.81 m/s (32.2 ft/s) to each resulting velocity. Also, again ignoring air resistance, any and all objects, when dropped from the same height, will hit the ground at the same time.




‘The strength of the gravitational field is numerically equal to the acceleration of objects under its influence, and its value at the Earth’s surface, denoted g, is approximately expressed below as thestandard average.

g = 9.81 m/s2 = 32.2 ft/s2′

We want to know Earth’s Gravitation, that is what we want to prove.

Acceleration of Bodies is determined the force of Gravitation.

So when we rely on the Acceleration of Objects under the influence of the Earths’ gravitation , have we not already assumed Earth’s  Gravity?

We also ignore the effect of Electromagnetism and other forces at work,EM being dependent on Gravitation or is the other way around?

The Theory is riddled with Assumptions and leaping to conclusions.



Chinese Scientists have found a way to measure Gravity and it throws Spanner in the works.


‘By conducting six observations of total and annular solar eclipses, as well as Earth tides, a team headed by Tang Keyun, a researcher with the Institute of Geology and Geophysics under the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), found that the Newtonian Earth tide formula includes a factor related to the propagation of gravity.

“Earth tide” refers to a small change in the Earth’s surface caused by the gravity of the moon and sun.

Based on the data, the team, with the participation of the China Earthquake Administration and the University of the CAS, found that gravitational force released from the sun and gravitational force recorded at ground stations on Earth did not travel at the same speed, with the time difference exactly the same as the time it takes for light to travel from the sun to observation stations on Earth.

[…] By applying the new data to the propagation equation of gravity, the team found that the speed of gravity is about 0.93 to 1.05 times the speed of light with a relative error of about 5 percent, providing the first set of strong evidence showing that gravity travels at the speed of light.”







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Isaac Newton Scientifique,Sorcier ou Noetic Scientifique?

In French on September 24, 2012 at 20:11

Isaac Newton demeure l’une des énigmes de la Science. Il était un scientifique par excellence. Sir Isaac Newton, mais contrairement à certains autres scientifiques, qu’il croyait à l’intuition, avec raison.

Isaac Newton jpg.

Sir Isaac Newton

Pas pour lui, la rhétorique vide de la “seule raison’

Il était un chercheur de vérité, comment il avait obtenu leur a été d’aucune préoccupation de son.

Tant et aussi longtemps que les résultats sont vérifiables , c’était bien avec lui. Combien d’entre nous savent qu’il était libre-Mason d’un niveau très élevé et un membre des Illuminati  “?

Un article récent sur cette zone est apparu dans le Raw Story.


à tort souvent dépeint comme un froid rationaliste, Isaac Newton est l’un des plus chiffres convaincants. Il est vrai qu’il était capable de la plus précise et pensée logique il est possible pour un être humain de réaliser : ses trois années de travail obsessionnel qui a donné naissance aux Principia, contenant sa théorie de la gravité, est la plus grande réalisation de la science.

Tout aussi certainement, tout de même, il a été également consommée, avec ce que nous avons maintenant serait vue comme absolument antiscientifiques occupations : Alchemy et prophétise biblique.

Alchemy a été une grande passion de Newton’s.
Dans une note de bas de page en page 21 de Richard Westfall méticuleux du biographie, jamais au repos, l’auteur déclare : “Mes modes de pensée sont tellement éloignés de ceux d’alchimie que je suis constamment troublée par écrit sur le sujet … [néanmoins]
Mes préférences personnelles ne peut pas faire plus d’un million de mots qu’il a écrit dans l’étude d’alchemy disparaissent.”

historien et romancier Rebecca Stott a écrit dans son roman Ghostwalk qu’avec ces mots “Westfall admis à souhaiter qu’il pourrait rendre ces millions de mots disparaissent.” Que peut-être exagéré un peu, mais il est clair que Newton’
S alchemy est un peu une cause d’embarras pour érudits modernes.

Puis, il y a eu le Newton de prophétie biblique. Presque dans les mêmes années qu’il travaillait sur les Principia, il a également écrit un traité de révélation, dans laquelle il a parlé des âmes brûlant dans les lacs d’incendie. Avec ce genre de propos, il aurait pu être le parolier pour Iron Maiden.
(Il avait les cheveux trop. )..

En Newton, le naturel des philosophes avait tourné le dos à l’astrologie et, avec elle, l’idée qui influence pourrait simplement sauter d’un espace vide. Au lieu impulsions a dû être transmis par les choses touchant l’un l’autre.
Donc, si il y avait une force venant du Soleil qui a déplacé l’planètes, puis il avait à le faire par le biais d’un moyen.

Peut-être était-ce un fluide, entraînés à faire circuler par la rotation du soleil, qui ont transporté les planètes autour. C’était la pensée du philosophe français René Descartes.

Pourtant Newton ne pouvait faire la solution mécanique de Descartes.
Les tourbillons sont tout simplement pas pu reproduire les modifications de la vitesse des planètes, comme ils se sont approchés de la sun.

Alchemy a offert un moyen de sortir en ayant comme une base philosophique que non matériel influences – spiritueux – existaient.
Ces nécessaires aucun contact physique et pourraient induire transformations ou mouvement à travers le déclenchement des “principes actifs” dans un objet.

Apprêtés de croire à ces idées, Newton a découvert un simple, élégant équation mathématique qui décrit le comportement de gravité sans la nécessité d’une intervention du liquide. Gravité apparemment fonctionné dans tout espace vide.
Il a appelé le principe “action à distance” et au lieu de ” l’esprit” a commencé à utiliser le mot “force” pour mieux refléter son caractère mathématique.

Son équation révèle également le “principe actif” qui régit une réaction de l’objet de la gravité. Il est une masse. De telles analogies directes de spiritueux et principes actifs, Newton doit sûrement avoir senti une sorte de justification de son alchimie croyances. La théorie de la gravité a connu tellement de succès qu’il est devenu l’un des déclencheurs pour l’âge des lumières.
Bien que presque personne ne croit maintenant dans le concept d’alchimie, nous ne croyons toujours que la gravité peut exercer une influence dans tout espace vide. Les ingénieurs utilisent encore Newton’s maths à lancer des satellites et véhicules spatiaux envoyer de planètes lointaines.

C’était Sir Isaac un chercheur ou un sorcier? En vérité, il était un peu des deux.
Et c’est pourquoi il pourrait réussir là où d’autres avaient échoué.”

Pendant des siècles, les philosophes de Platon en avant ont utilisé le terme noetic de se référer à des expériences qui psychologue pionnier William James (1902) décrit comme:

…états aperçu des profondeurs de la vérité commande unplumb par l’intellect discursif. Ils sont illuminations, révélations, pleine de sens et d’importance, tous les inexprimée qu’ils restent; et comme une règle qu’ils transportent avec eux un curieux sens de l’autorité. Le terme noetic sciences a d’abord été inventé en 1973, lorsque l’Institut de sciences Noetic (IONS) a été fondée par Apollo 14 astronaute Edgar Mitchell qui, deux ans auparavant, est devenu le sixième homme à marcher sur la lune.
Ironiquement, c’est le voyage de retour que Mitchell rappelle la plupart, au cours de laquelle il a ressenti un profond sentiment de connectivité universelle de ce qu’il a plus tard décrit comme une expérience samadhi. Dans Mitchell ses propres mots, “la présence de la divinité est devenu presque palpable, et je savais que la vie dans l’univers n’était pas un simple accident en fonction de processus aléatoires. . .
.La connaissance provenait directement de moi.”

Cela l’a amené à conclure que la réalité est plus complexe, plus subtile, et mystérieux que la science conventionnelle avait amené à croire. Peut-être une meilleure compréhension de la conscience (espace intérieur) pourrait conduire à une nouvelle et élargie compréhension de la réalité dans laquelle objectif et subjectif, extérieur et intérieur, sont compris comme co-égal aspects de le miracle d’être. C’était cette intersection des systèmes de connaissances qui a amené le Dr Mitchell pour lancer le champ interdisciplinaire des sciences noetic.


Isaac Newton Scientist,Sorcerer or Noetic Scientist?

In Indian Philosophy, Physics, Religion, Science on September 22, 2012 at 18:56

Isaac Newton still remains one of the enigmas of Science.


He was a Scientist par excellence.

'Isaac newton ,the Scientist 'Jpg.

Sir Isaac Newton


But unlike some of the other Scientists, he believed  in Intuition along with Reason.


Not for him the empty rhetoric of ‘only Reason’


He was a seeker of Truth, how he obtained them was of no concern of his.


So long as the results are verifiable , it was fine with him.


How many of us know that he was a Free Mason of a very high Degree and a Member of The Illuminati?


A recent article on this area has appeared in The Raw Story.



Often wrongly portrayed as a cold rationalist, Isaac Newton is one of history’s most compelling figures. It is true that he was capable of the most precise and logical thought it is possible for a human to achieve: his three years of obsessive work that gave birth to the Principia, containing his theory of gravity, stand as the greatest achievement in science.

Just as certainly, though, he was also consumed with what we would now view as completely unscientific pursuits: alchemy and biblical prophesy.

Alchemy was a major passion of Newton’s. In a footnote on page 21 of Richard Westfall’s meticulous biography, Never at Rest, the author states: “My modes of thought are so far removed from those of alchemy that I am constantly uneasy in writing on the subject … [Nevertheless] my personal preferences cannot make more than a million words he wrote in the study of alchemy disappear.”

Historian and novelist Rebecca Stott wrote in her novel Ghostwalk that with those words, “Westfall admitted to wishing that he could make those million words disappear.” That may be stretching it somewhat but clearly Newton’s alchemy is a bit of an embarrassment to modern scholars.

Then there was Newton’s biblical prophesy. In almost the same years that he was working on the Principia, he also wrote a treatise on Revelation in which he talked about souls burning in lakes of fire. With talk like that, he could have been the lyricist for Iron Maiden. (He had the hair too.)..

In Newton’s time, the natural philosophers had turned their backs on astrology and with it, the idea that influences could simply leap across empty space. Instead impulses had to be transmitted through things touching one another. So, if there was a force coming from the Sun that moved the planets, then it had to do so through a medium.

Perhaps it was a fluid, driven to circulate by the rotation of the sun, which carried the planets around. This was the thinking of French philosopher René Descartes.

Yet Newton could not make the mechanical solution of Descartes work. The vortices simply could not reproduce the changes in speed of the planets as they approached the sun.

Alchemy offered a way out by having as a philosophical underpinning that non-material influences – spirits – existed. These needed no physical contact and could induce transformations or movement through the triggering of “active principles” within an object.

Primed to believe in these ideas, Newton discovered a simple, elegant mathematical equation that described the behaviour of gravity without the need for an intervening fluid. Gravity apparently worked across empty space. He called this principle “action at a distance” and instead of “spirit” began using the word “force” to better reflect its mathematical character.

His equation also reveals the “active principle” that governs an object’s response to gravity. It is mass. With such direct analogies to spirits and active principles, Newton must surely have felt some sort of vindication for his alchemical beliefs.

The theory of gravity was so successful that it became one of the triggers for the Age of Enlightenment. Although hardly anyone now believes in the concept of alchemy, we do still believe that gravity can exert an influence across empty space. Engineers still use Newton’s maths to launch satellites and send spacecraft to distant planets.

So was Sir Isaac a scientist or a sorcerer? In truth, he was a bit of both. And that was why he could succeed where others had failed.”


To me he was a Noetic Scientist of the first order.

For centuries, philosophers from Plato forward have used the term noetic to refer to experiences that pioneering psychologist William James (1902) described as:

…states of insight into depths of truth unplumbed by the discursive intellect. They are illuminations, revelations, full of significance and importance, all inarticulate though they remain; and as a rule they carry with them a curious sense of authority.

The term noetic sciences was first coined in 1973 when the Institute of Noetic Sciences (IONS) was founded by Apollo 14 astronaut Edgar Mitchell, who two years earlier became the sixth man to walk on the moon. Ironically, it was the trip back home that Mitchell recalls most, during which he felt a profound sense of universal connectedness—what he later described as a samadhi experience. In Mitchell’s own words, “The presence of divinity became almost palpable, and I knew that life in the universe was not just an accident based on random processes. . . .The knowledge came to me directly.”

It led him to conclude that reality is more complex, subtle, and mysterious than conventional science had led him to believe. Perhaps a deeper understanding of consciousness (inner space) could lead to a new and expanded understanding of reality in which objective and subjective, outer and inner, are understood as co-equal aspects of the miracle of being. It was this intersection of knowledge systems that led Dr. Mitchell to launch the interdisciplinary field of noetic sciences.

Why Consciousness Matters

con•scious•ness: In our work, personal consciousness is awareness—how an individual perceives and interprets his or her environment, including beliefs, intentions, attitudes, emotions, and all aspects of his or her subjective experience.Collective consciousness is how a group (an institution, a society, a species) perceives and translates the world around them.

This is precisely what Indian Philosophy’s stand.




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