Breastfeeding Protects Babies
1. Early breast milk is liquid gold.
Known as liquid gold, colostrum (coh-LOSStrum) is the thick yellow first breast milk that you make during pregnancy and just after birth.
This milk is very rich in nutrients and antibodies to protect your baby.
Although your baby only gets a small amount of colostrum at each feeding, it matches the amount his or her tiny stomach can hold.
2. Your breast milk changes as your baby grows. Colostrum changes into what is called mature milk.
By the third to fifth day after birth, this mature breast milk has just the right amount of fat, sugar, water, and protein to help your baby continue to grow.
It is a thinner type of milk than colostrum, but it provides all of the nutrients and antibodies your baby needs.
3. Breast milk is easier to digest.
For most babies – especially premature babies – breast milk is easier to digest than formula.
The proteins in formula are made from cow’s milk, and it takes time for babies’ stomachs to adjust to digesting them.
4. Breast milk fights disease.
The cells, hormones, and antibodies in breas milk protect babies from illness. This protection is unique; formula cannot match the
chemical makeup of human breast milk.
In fact, among formula-fed babies, ear infections and diarrhea are more common.
Formula-fed babies also have higher risks of:
• Necrotizing (nek-roh-TEYE-zing) enterocolitis (en-TUR-oh-coh-lyt-iss), a disease that affects the gastrointestinal tract in preterm infants.
• Lower respiratory infections
• Atopic dermatitis, a type of skin rash
• Type 1 and type 2 diabetes
• Childhood leukemia.
Breastfeeding has also been shown to lower the risk of SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome).
Formula-feeding can raise health risks in babies, but there are rare cases in which formula may be a necessary alternative.
Very rarely, babies are born unable to tolerate milk of any kind.
These babies must have soy formula. Formula may also be needed if the mother has certain health conditions and she
does not have access to donor breast milk.
Mothers Benefit from Breastfeeding
1. Ways that breastfeeding can make your
Breastfeeding may take a little more effort than formula feeding at first.
But it can make life easier once you and your baby settle into a good routine.
When you breastfeed, there are no bottles and nipples to sterilize.
You do not have to buy, measure, and mix formula.
And there are no bottles to warm in the middle of the night.
2. Breastfeeding can save money.
Formula and feeding supplies can cost well over $1,500 each year, depending on how much your baby eats.
Breastfed babies are also sick less often, which can lower health care costs.
3. Breastfeeding can feel great.
Physical contact is important to newborns.
It can help them feel more secure, warm, and comforted.
Mothers can benefit from this closeness, as well.
Breastfeeding requires a mother to take some quiet relaxed time t0 bond.
The skin-to-skin contact can boost the mother’s oxytocin (OKS-ee-TOH-suhn) levels.
Oxytocin is a hormone that helps milk flow and can calm the mother.
4. Breastfeeding can be good for the mother’s health, too.
Breastfeeding is linked to a lower risk of these health problems in women:
• Type 2 diabetes
• Breast cancer
• Ovarian cancer
• Postpartum depression
Experts are still looking at the effects of breastfeeding on osteoporosis and weight loss after birth.
Many studies have reported greater weight loss for breastfeeding mothers than for those who don’t.
But more research is needeto understand if a strong link exists.