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Posts Tagged ‘Manu’

Hinduism On Children Illegitimate Children

In Hinduism on October 23, 2014 at 11:52

Hinduism accords importance to Familial relationships.

 

Duties of each member of the Family is set,Man,Wife,children,Brother,Sister and elders.

 

However the emphasis  is more on the duties of the son.

 

Hindu Symbol OM.jpg

Hindu Symbol OM

 

Hinduism considers the begetting of a male child to be auspicious as they believe that the son prevents the parents entering the Hell called ‘Puth’

 

The name for son is Puthra, one who prevents parents from entering Puth.

 

The Smritis state that a son is to be treated as,

 

a King till he is Five years old.

 

as Slave from 5 to Fifteen and

 

a friend after Fifteen years.

 

A son is not to be praised in his face.

 

His mistakes are to be pointed out.

 

a son has to be educated within one’s  means.

 

As children can not understand the difficulties of running a family(till they are fifteen NoFamily affairs are not to be discussed with them nor their opinion sought even for their education.

 

Once they are married all decisions are to be taken after discussing with them, not necessarily following them.

 

They have to be taught etiquette  and discipline as set forth in the Taittriya Upanishad in Siksha Valli.

 

The son , when he comes of age is expected to run the family and he parents have to maintain themselves , either by staying in the family or withdrawing to the forest as a vanaprastha.

 

If the Mother is not willing she has to be left in the care of the son.

 

The son  is the Guardian of the Mother.

 

The son is the next authority in running the Family and he has to take of his sisters as a father.

 

His wife occupies the next place in the Family after the Mother and Father.

 

The son is to perform the Funeral rites of the Parents.

 

He shall perform all the duties of  the Father, including  the performance of all Poojas and Rituals prescribed for the Family, after the Seemantha for his wife is performed.

 

If a Man does not have a child, he has to adopt his daughter’s child as his son.

 

Following ceremonies are performed for the Son.

 

1.Punyahavachana.

2.Namakarana, naming the child.

3.Ayush Homa till he attains Five Years.

4.Ear-piercing,Karnabhushana.

5.Head tonsuring.

6.Upanayana.

7.Marriage.

8.Seemantha for His wife.

 

Illegitimate children.

 

Children of an Unmarried woman,

 

Child of son’s pregnant Bride,

 

Son of twice married woman,

 

Son of an adopted daughter,

 

Adopted son,

 

All belong to the family

 

In the absence of legitimate  children, the illegitimate children  receive one-fourth of the Estate.

 

Gautama Sutra 28.18.

 

Manu on Illegitimate Children

By the sacred tradition the woman is declared to be the soil (or the field), the man is declared to be the seed; the production of all corporeal beings takes place through the union of the soil with the seed.” (Manu. IX.33)

“Those who, having no property in a field, but possessing seed-corn, sow it in another’s soil, do not receive the grain of the crop which may spring forth.” (Manu.IX.49)

“If (one man’s) bull were to beget a hundred calves on another man’s cows, they (i.e., the calves) would belong to the owner of the cows; in vain would the bull have spent its strength.” (Manu.IX.50)

“Thus men who have no marital property in women, but sow their seed in the soil of others, benefit the owner of the woman; but the giver of the seed reaps no benefit.” (Manu.IX.51)

 

Citation.

 

https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/advaitin/conversations/messages/55496

 

http://www.hinduwebsite.com/hinduism/h_children.asp

 

 

Whom Should A Brahmin Marry Manusmriti

In Hinduism on October 15, 2014 at 19:10

People malign Manu without studying his work in full.

 

Texts are often taken out of context to suit one’s convenience.

 

Whatever be the subject, deep thought seems to have gone into and these Laws are arrived at after taking into consideration the stability  of the Society and the welfare of the individual.

 

However Social Order seems to take priority.

 

The Laws of Manu on selecting a Bride , to me, seems very rational.

 

As parents most of us follow the same without articulating or even aware of it.

 

To ensure Offspring without Genetic disorders Manu prohibits marriage with immediate blood relatives.

 

And with chronic illness and birth defects.

 

He insists on not marrying from a Family without a Male Heir.

 

Boys’ parents know how difficult it is to interact with a child with no brother/s for they normally are unaware of Mael view-point.

 

And in the event of the demise of the girl’s father, if there are no Males to interact  on behalf of the Girl, it creates n running the Family at times of crisis.

 

Manu pays scant regard to the wealth of the Girl’s Family.

 

He has also provided some physical marks which might have a bearing on the character of the Bride.

 

Some of his observations are vindicated by Science, like the one regarding excessive Body hair-normally the extra hair growth is because of imbalance in Hormones.

 

Read the Laws of Manu on this.

 

Though this appears to apply for Brahmins, my view is that these laws are meant for the three Varnas, Brahmana, Kshatriyas,an Vaisyas as Manu simply lays down these rules for the Dwijas(twice Born)

 

That is those who wear Upaveeda.

 

These three varnas must wear Upaveedas.

 

Therefore these rules of Manu apply to all the three castes.

 

4. Having bathed, with the permission of his teacher, and performed according to the rule the Samavartana (the rite on returning home), a twice-born man shall marry a wife of equal caste who is endowed with auspicious (bodily) marks. 

5. A damsel who is neither a Sapinda on the mother’s side, nor belongs to the same family on the father’s side, is recommended to twice-born men for wedlock and conjugal union.

6. In connecting himself with a wife, let him carefully avoid the ten following families, be they ever so great, or rich in kind, horses, sheep, grain, or (other) property,

7. (Viz.) one which neglects the sacred rites, one in which no male children (are born), one in which the Veda is not studied, one (the members of) which have thick hair on the body, those which are subject to hemorrhoids, phthisis, weakness of digestion, epilepsy, or white or black leprosy.

8. Let him not marry a maiden (with) reddish (hair), nor one who has a redundant member, nor one who is sickly, nor one either with no hair (on the body) or too much, nor one who is garrulous or has red (eyes),

9. Nor one named after a constellation, a tree, or a river, nor one bearing the name of a low caste, or of a mountain, nor one named after a bird, a snake, or a slave, nor one whose name inspires terror.

10. Let him wed a female free from bodily defects, who has an agreeable name, the (graceful) gait of a Hamsa or of an elephant, a moderate (quantity of) hair on the body and on the head, small teeth, and soft limbs

 

Laws of Manu Chapter III .

Sun Bathes Matsya, Fish Avatar Temple

In Hinduism on August 21, 2014 at 08:10

The first Avatar of Lord Vishnu is in the form of a Fish, when He rescued the Vedas, the scriptures of the Hindus from the depths of the ocean.

 

Thee are only a few temples for the Matsya Moorthy.

 

One is in Nagalapuram ,Andhra Pradesh and another at Thuvarimaan Agraharam, situated near Madurai in Tamil Nadu

 

One day of Brahma is called Kalpa.

 

At the end of the day felt sleepy and yawned.

 

The Vedas slipped out of His mouth ,a Demon Somakudu stole them and  hid them in the Ocean.

 

The Vedas are required for Creation by Brahma after Dissolution of the earth and it was approaching.

 

Responding to the Prayers of Brahma, Lord Vishnu took the form of a small fish and eached the beach where Satyavrata Manu was performing his morning Sandhyavandana,moornin Rirual to the Sun god Surya.

 

Manu was a Dravidian King, yet another proof that the Sanatana Dharma originated in the South.

 

The fish sought refuge from Manu.

 

He kept it in a small vessel filled with water.

 

It grew lager than the receptacles irrespective of the size of the receptacle.

 

Manu realized it was Lord Vishnu and Lord Vishnu explained to him about the theft of the Vedas and assigned Manu the task of collecting Herbs, seeds of plants and animals with the help of the Divine serpent Vasuki and he Saptha Rishis. Seven Sages.

As Manu went about this job, Vishnu Killed Somakuda ,restored the Vedas and handed them back to Brahma.

* This part about Somakudu stealing is in some versions.

 

Generally this Avatar is to save the world from Deluge.

As the deluge began, the Fish tied to a Boat with the Serpent Vasuki,  with all the seeds ,sages,Manu and animals, dragged it to safety.

 

 

Sun Bathes Veda Narayana.jpg

Sun Bathes Veda Narayana.

This temple was built during the time of SriKrishna Devraya.

 

This temple is maintained by Tirumala Tirupathi Devathanam.

 

Sunray’s fall on the Lord during the Sunset (6pm to 6.15pm). Sunray’s fall at the feet on the first day, on the chest on the second day and on forehead on the third day. This happens once in a year, 12th, 13th, 14th days of Phalguna masam(March). Float festival is also conducted.

 

 

POOJAS
      6 TO 6.30A.M                        SUPRABATHAM
6.30 TO 7A.M                        TOMALA SEVA
7.30 TO 8A.M                        SAHASRANAMARCHANA
8 TO 10A.M                           SARVA DARSHANAM
10 T010.30A.M                       SECOND BELL
12 NOON                                TEERMANAMU
4 TO 6P.M                               SARVA DARSHANAM
6 TO 6.30P.M                          TOMALASEVA
6.30 TO 7P.M                          RATRI KAINKARYAM
7 TO 7.45P.M                          SARVA DARSHANAM
7.45 TO 8P.M                          EKANTA SEVA

ABISHEKAM :  ABISHEKAM IS DONE FOR GODDESS ON FRIDAY 8 A.M
ABISHEKAM IS DONE FOR VEDA NARAYANA SWAMY ON SATURDAY 8 A.M     

 

Temple brahmostavam  on Shukla Dwadasi, Trayodasi and Chaturdasi of Phalguni masam (Telugu calendar).

 

Airport. Tirupati.

Bus station.Tirupati. 62 km from Tirupati RTC Bus stand.

Rama’s Ancestor Manu Dravida, Bhagavatha Purana

In Hinduism on August 9, 2014 at 09:53

I have been intrigued when I read about ancient History and Human migration.

Lord Shiva ,Sita and Rama.jpg

Lord Shiva ,Sita and Rama.

 

It is said that a Group moved from the South Eastern portion, near Urals of the USSR to towards the east, south-east ans settled down in the land mass which was later christened as  India.

 

This is the beginning of the Aryan Invasion theory.

 

Another group moved in waves intermittently into Europe.

 

Some people of the first wave from this group settled down in Spain, North Africa.

 

Then came the second wave, people from this group settled down area which are now called Bulgaria, Hungary and Germany.

 

Curious is the fact that the same theory states that these people had driven out or mingled with the people in these areas , like the Gauls, Saxons.

 

My confusion is that if the earlier people had come into Europe only from the east, it is agreed that these waves of migration originated from Asia,how is it one finds people settled in these places already?

 

Similarly, it is also stated that the group which moved into India mingled with people in India, from the Sarasvati/Sindhu delta!

 

Then we have the Dravidas to think about.

 

They seem to have been here for quite some time before the advent of these migrations.

 

How and why?

 

I have been checking up books and the web to find a clue.

 

I searched the Vedas, Puranas and Tamil literature as these are the oldest records of Humanity.

 

Based on the information found in these texts I have been able to find places, Temples in the areas mentioned in them.

 

The Tamils are mentioned in the Vedic and Puranic texts and Tamil mentions extensively the Sanskrit Legends and Language.

 

There is this doubt of mine, if Rama is from the North, how is it he is Dark, Blue Black and Krishna Black?

 

North Indians are of fair complexion.

 

The worship of Skanda is mentioned in the Vedas but not in a very detailed manner.

 

But Tamil Literature calls him the personification of Tamil and is a chief God after Shiva.

 

Shiva is extolled in tamil more than in the Vedas.

 

Vedas speak more of Rudra.

 

Is there any connection?

 

Another thought.

 

Why should the Migration emanate from the Urals?hy not from the areas where people have been living before these migrations that too in an advanced civilization?

 

The there is this unaccountable, based on the present theory,presence of Hindu, Vedic practices, temples and Tamil culture in the Americas, Italy, Polynesia,Middle east.

 

Then we have the history of Lemuria or Kumari Kandam.

 

What if the movement started form the southern areas ,that is from the Tamils?

 

Tamil History records the tsunami, which destroyed lands and Tamil Sangam.

 

One group might have moved towards the North  , to Saraswati River.

 

This can account for the presence of Tamil Brahmi scripts and the artifacts relating to the burial o the Dead, mention of Tamil Kings , Lands in the Ramayana Mahabharata and Puranas.

 

Another group moved into Europe by the sea ‘ spreading as far as Sumeria, and even the Maya Kingdom.

 

I shall be posting on these.

 

In the mean while I found a sloka in the Bhaghavatham which states that Satyavata Manu, the ancestor of Lord Rama was a Dravidian.

 

“Yo ‘sau satyavrato nāma, rājarṣir draviḍeśvaraḥ

Jñānaḿ yo ‘tīta-kalpānte, lebhe puruṣa-sevayā

Sa vai vivasvataḥ putro, manur āsīd iti śrutam

Tvattas tasya sutāḥ proktā, ikṣvāku-pramukhā”

-Srimad Bhagavatham 9.1.2-3

yaḥ asau — he who was known;

satyavrataḥ — Satyavrata;

nāma — by the name;

rāja-ṛṣiḥ — the saintly king;

draviḍa-īśvaraḥ — the ruler (lord, master) of the Draviḍa countries;

jñānam — knowledge

; yaḥ — one who;

atīta-kalpa-ante — at the end of the last kalpa,

lebhe — received;

puruṣa-sevayā — by rendering service to the Purusha;

saḥ — he;

vai — indeed;

vivasvataḥ — of Vivasvān;

putraḥ — son;

manuḥ āsīt — was  the Vaivasvata Manu;

iti — thus;

śrutam — I have already heard;

tvattaḥ — from you;

tasya — his;

sutāḥ — sons;

proktāḥ — have been explained;

ikṣvāku-pramukhāḥ — headed by Ikṣvāku;

nṛpāḥ — many kings.

That saintly king and ruler (king) of the Dravida Countries who was known by the name of Satyavrata, at the end of the last kalpa (before the Pralaya) .. received knowledge by service to The Purusha, he indeed was Vaivaswata Manu, the son of Vivaswan, his sons have been proclaimed as the kings, famous as the Ikshvakus.

 

sloka Citation.

 

http://ancientindians.wordpress.com/2009/12/13/sri-ramas-ancestor-vaivasvata-manu-was-a-dravidian-king-srimad-bhagavatam/

Caste Apasthamba Sutra Contradicts Bhagavad Gita

In Hinduism on July 17, 2014 at 17:51

Code of Righteousness is contained  in many texts in Hinduism.

 

They are called Dharma Shastras.

 

Apasthamba Sutra.jpg

Apasthamba Sutra.

 

There are many.

 

Some of them are,

 

Apasthamba,

 

Bodhayana,

 

Vasishta,

 

Manu,

 

Gautama.

 


The Dharmasutra of Āpastamba forms a part of the larger Kalpasūtra of Āpastamba. It contains thirty praśnas, which literally means ‘questions’ or books. The subjects of this Dharmasūtra are well organized and preserved in good condition.

 

These praśanas consist of the Śrautasūtra followed by Mantrapāṭha which is used in domestic rites and is a collection of ritual formulas, the Gṛhyasūtra which deals with domestic rituals and lastly the Śulvasūtra which are principles of geometry needed for vedic rituals.

 

On Catse system, Apasthamba says thus,

 

 

Catvāro varṇā brāhmaṇa kṣatriya vaiśya śūdrāḥ || 4 ||
4. [There are] four castes — brāhmaṇas, kṣatriyas, vaiśyas, and śūdras.
All four are entitled to practice the Dharma set forth by the agreement of the Law-givers.
teṣāṃ pūrvaḥ pūrvo janmataś-śreyān || 5 ||
5. Among these, each preceding [caste] is superior by birth to the one
following.
aśūdrāṇām aduṣṭa-karmāṇām upāyanaṃ vedādhyayanam agnyādheyaṃ
phalavanti ca karmāṇi ||

 

Here the translation reads as’by Birth”

 

But the real meaning does not seem to be so.

 

This is a vital subject.

 

Would some one clarify on the Sanskrit Text and Translation?

 

 

अदुष्ट aduSTa adj. not guilty
अदुष्ट aduSTa adj. innocent
अदुष्ट aduSTa adj. not vitiated
अदुष्ट aduSTa adj. not bad

 

 

Bhagavad Gita.

 

According to the three modes of material nature and the work ascribed to them, the four divisions of human society were created by Me. And, although I am the creator of this system, you should know that I am yet the non-doer, being unchangeable.” (Bhagavad Gita 4.13)

 

The Caste is determined by the dispositions of the individual.

 

This subject of Three dispositions is discussed at length in the Gunathraya Vibhaaga Yoga of the Bhagavad Gita ,Chapter 14.

 

Obviously there is a contradiction of this is by Apasthamba.

 

As the Bhagavad Gita carries the weight of Sruthi its words are final.

 

Please read my posts on Caste.

 

Citation.

 

http://www.hinduwebsite.com/sacredscripts/hinduism/dharma/apasta1.asp#1.1.1

 

http://spokensanskrit.de/index.php?tinput=aduSTa&script=&direction=SE&link=yes

 

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