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Posts Tagged ‘Mahalaya Amavasya’

Types of Sraddha One Hundred Sixteen

In Hinduism on September 26, 2014 at 11:12

I have posted a few articles on Sraddha,Rites for the departed , including text of Mantras ans Mahalaya Paksha Procedure.

 

I shall be posting a series of articles in detail on various aspects of Sraddha.

 

Here are the types of Sraddha to be performed.

 

They are one hundred sixteen in number.

 

 

 

Sraddha the ceremony performed for the ancestors is of different types.

Stricly speaking Sraddha has to be performed daily.

Definition of Sraddha.

देशे काले च पात्रे च श्रद्धया विधिना च यत् ।
पितृनुद्दिश्य विप्रेभ्यो दत्तं श्राद्धमुदाहृत् ।। – ब्रह्मपुराण

Meaning: The offerings (food etc.) made to the Brahmin (priests) with the intension being received by the deceased ancestors, after taking into account the aptness of country, time period and place and with complete faith and abiding by all the rules is known as Shraddha.
C: Associated words

Shraddhattva Pinda, Pitru Puja (ritualistic worship of deceased ancestors), Pitru Yagna (sacrificial fires performed for deceased ancestors).

 

Hindu Dharma does not give any chance to anyone to say that the shraddha was not performed due to non-feasibility in a particular period!

Normally every year Shraddha should be performed on the date of death of the person (as per the Hindu calendar and not as per the English calendar.) If the date is not known and only the month is known, then in that case the shraddha can be performed on the no moon night of that month.

If both, the date as well as the month is unknown then the shraddha can be performed on the no moon night of the Hindu calendar month of Magh or Margashirsha.

If the definite date of death is not known then the shraddha can be performed on the date when the news of the death was received.

Shraddha for deceased ancestors’ souls should be performed everyday and it can be achieved just by offering water (tarpan) to them.

If it is impossible to perform Shraddha daily, then Darsha Shraddha should be performed.  Darsha means no moon night. Therefore Darsha Shraddha is t is performed on every New Moon.

If it is not possible to perform Darsha Shraddha every month, one should at least perform it on the no moon night of Hindu calendar months of Chaitra, Bhadrapad and Ashwin months.

If it is not possible even to perform Darsha Shraddha on no moon nights of Chaitra, Bhadrapad and Ashwin, then at least the ritual of Mahalaya should be performed in the Pitru fortnight of the month of Bhadrapad. If this too is impossible thenShraddha should be performed on the no moon night of the month of Bhadrapad (sarva pitri amavasya) .

 

Types of Sraddha.

 

Matsya Puran mentions ‘नित्यं नैमित्तिकं काम्यं त्रिविध श्राद्ध मुख्यते ।’, meaning, primarily there are three types ofShraddha – one performed daily, periodically and with purpose (Kamya). In addition to these, Yamasmruti definesNandi Shraddha and Parvan Shraddha as additional main types.

Daily Shraddha

The ritual of Shraddha performed daily is known as Daily Shraddha. This Shraddha can be performed just by offering water or sesame seeds to deceased ancestors.

Periodic Shraddha

The shraddha performed for deceased ancestors with a single objective and other such types fall under periodic Shraddha.

Purpose oriented (Kamya) Shraddha

Shraddha performed for achieving a specific objective is termed as purpose oriented (Kamya)Shraddha.

From the point of view of deriving fruitful result, if the Shraddha is performed on a specific day, date (as per Hindu calendar) and taking into consideration the position of stars (nakshatra), then the desired result is achieved.

The details.

 

 Day and the derived result of the Shraddha

Date (as per Hindu calendar) and the derived result of the Shraddha

Date of performingShraddha Result derived from the Shraddha
First day in Hindu Lunar fortnight Gaining a good fowl and being able to give birth to a healthy baby boy.
Second day in Hindu Lunar fortnight Conceiving a baby girl.
Third day in Hindu Lunar fortnight Acquiring a horse, acquiring fame
Fourth day in Hindu Lunar fortnight Acquiring a lot of inferior animals
Fifth day in Hindu Lunar fortnight Having a lot of good looking male children
Sixth day in Hindu Lunar fortnight Conceiving bright male child, getting success in gambling.
Seventh day in Hindu Lunar fortnight Acquiring a farm or land
Eighth day in Hindu Lunar fortnight Obtaining success in business
Ninth day in Hindu Lunar fortnight Acquiring animals like horses
Tenth day in Hindu Lunar fortnight Expansion of cattle, acquiring animals with two humps
Eleventh day in Hindu Lunar fortnight Acquiring utensils, clothes and a scholar male child.
Twelfth day in Hindu Lunar fortnight Acquiring gold, silver etc.
Thirteenth day in Hindu Lunar fortnight Gaining superiority within the community
Fourteenth day in Hindu Lunar fortnight The persons, who have died due to the stroke of a weapon or on a battlefield, get momentum to attain a higher sub-plane. Gaining good citizens.
Full moon / no moon night Fulfillment of all wishes

Note 1: Except full moon night, all other dates that belong to the dark fortnight and corresponding dates in dark fortnight of the month of Bhadrapad, bestow special benefit.

1. Bhimashtami Shraddha: If one is not able to conceive or is facing problems of abortion, then for the well being of the fetus, Shraddha is performed or offering of water is made to Bhishmacharya, on the eighth day of the bright fortnight (Bhimashtami) in the Hindu calendar month of Magh.

3. Position of stars and the derived result of the Shraddha

 

Position of star while performing Shraddha Result derived from the Shraddha
Kruttika Acquiring a heavenly abode for oneself and ones son.
Rohini Conceiving male child
Mruga Acquiring radiance of Brahman (Brahmatej)
Aardra Providing momentum to the soul of an evildoer, action transformed into supernatural power.
Punarvasu Obtaining wealth or land
Pushya Improvement in strength
Ashlesha Conceiving a male child with brave character, fulfillment of a wish
Magha Gaining superiority within the community, a long married life
Purva Good luck, conceiving a male child, elimination of sin
Uttara Good luck, conceiving a male child, elimination of sin
Hasta Fulfillment of a wish, gaining superiority within the community
Chitra Conceiving a handsome male child, conceiving ample male children
Swati Earning profit in business, earning success.
Vishakha Conceiving ample male children, acquiring gold
Anuradha Acquiring a kingdom (attaining position of minister etc), acquiring friends
Jyeshtha Acquiring superiority, authority, wealth and self-confidence, acquiring a kingdom
Mula Obtaining good health, acquiring a farm or land
Purvashadha Achieving good fame, successful journey up to the sea limit
Uttarashada Getting relieved from grievances, fulfillment of all wishes, achieving good hearing ability
Shravan Achieving best progress in subtle plane, superiority
Ghanishtha Acquiring kingdom (attaining position of minister etc), fulfillment of all wishes
Shavataraka Achieving supernatural powers in medical practice, acquiring metal other than gold and silver.
Purvabhadrapada Acquiring a flock of sheep or lamb, acquiring metal other than gold and silver.
Uttarabhadrapada Acquiring cattle, acquiring sanctified and good premises
Revati Acquiring utensils and clothes, acquiring cattle
Ashwini Acquiring horses
Bharni Acquiring a long life

Note 1: When an evildoer dies and Shraddha is performed for him at the time of Aadra star, for imparting momentum to its soul, the desired benefit can be derived.

Special note: In the table given in point 2 and 3, multiple benefits are indicated for a single date or star position. These are specified based on references obtained from different books.

2. Nandi Shraddha

The ritual of Shraddha performed during the start of any joyous ceremony and performance of any of the 16 religious rites, and recitation of specific mantras for success of the ceremony is called NandiShraddha. In this ritual Satyavasu (or kratudaksha) are the vishve deities and the father-grandfather-great grandfather, mother-grandmother (mother’s mother) – great grandmother (mother’s grandmother) and mother- grandmother (mother’s mother-in-law)-great grandmother (mother-in-law of mother’s mother-in-law) are invoked.

3.. Karmanga Shraddha: This Shraddha is performed during the religious ritual of Garbhadhan.

4. Vruddhi Shraddha: Shraddha performed at the time of birth of a baby.

5.Parvan Shraddha

The Pindapitruyagna (sacrificial fires related to deceased ancestors) mentioned in the Shrout lineage is to be performed by a Sagnik (one who performs the ritual of Agnihotra). Alternative to this is the Parvan Shraddha mentioned in the Gruhya sutras. Once the deceased ancestors get listed as Parvans, then this shraddha is performed for them. (Detailed information on Parvan is presented under the heading ‘Terminology of Shraddha’ and in point ‘3 B’ of volume 2.) Ekparvan (single Parvan), dviparvan (doubleParvan), triparvan (triple Parvan) are the three varieties of this shraddha. Mahalay Shraddha and Tirtha Shraddha are the types of Parvan Shraddha.

6. Mahalay Shraddha (fortnightly): It is a Parvan Shraddha performed starting from the eleventh day of dark fortnight of Bhadrapad (Hindu calendar month) till the no moon night.

7.. Tirtha Shraddha: The ritual of shraddha performed at Holy places like Prayag or at the banks of a sacred river is termed as Tirtha Shraddha. While performing Tirtha Shraddha, all the Parvans of Mahalay are invoked.

.Other types

Apart from the main types mentioned above there are 96 types of Shraddha namely, 12 no moon nights, 4 eras, 14manvantars, 12 sankrants, 12 vaidhruti, 12 vyatipat, 15 mahalays, 5 first, 5 ashtak and 5 anvashtake. (Detailed information about these is present in the books related to science of Dharma.)

Brief information about few of the other types of Shraddha

8. Goshthi Shraddha

The Shraddha performed by the group of priests (Brahmins) and scholars at a holy place with the intention that, ‘Deceased ancestors’ souls should get satisfied and let happiness and prosperity preside’, or while discussing the topic of Shraddha, if one gets inspired all of a sudden and performsShraddha, then such Shraddha is termed as Goshthi Shraddha.

9.Shuddhi Shraddha

Offering food to priests (Brahmins) for acquiring purity is called as Shuddhi Shraddha. This is the ‘undergoing of punishment’ part of Shraddha.

10.Pushti Shraddha

Shraddha performed for increasing physical strength and prosperity is called as Pushti Shraddha.

11. Ghruta Shraddha (Yatra Shraddha)

Shraddha performed using ghee (clarified butter), in remembrance of deceased ancestors, before embarking on a journey to holy places with the objective of completing the journey without any obstacles is called Ghruta Shraddha.

12. Dadhi Shraddha

Shraddha performed after returning from a journey to holy places is termed as Dadhi Shraddha.

13. Ashtaka Shraddha

Shraddha performed on 8th day of the bright fortnight of the Hindu calendar mont. Ashtaka means the 8th day of bright fortnight of any Hindu calendar month. During the era of Vedas, the Ashtaka Shraddha used to be performed specifically on the 8th day of bright fortnight of Margashirsha, Poush, Magh and Falgun months. It was a practice to offer vegetables, meat, bondas, sesame seeds, honey, rice kheer, fruits and underground vegetables to deceased ancestors. Vishvedev, Fire (Agni), Sun, Prajapati, Ratri, Stars (nakshatra), season (rutu) etc. were considered as deities of Shraddha.

14.Daivik Shraddha

Shraddha performed with the objective of obtaining the grace of God is termed as Daivik Shraddha.

15.. Hiranya Shraddha

This Shraddha is performed without offering food and only by offering money (dakshina) to the priests (Brahmins). If food is in scarcity, then gold, equivalent to four times the cost of the food grains, should be offered.

16. Hasta Shraddha

Shraddha performed by offering food to the priests (Brahmins) designated for Shraddha. If cooked food is not available then the Shraddha is performed by offering money or dry food grains. (7)

17. Aatma Shraddha

Those people who do not have children or whose children are atheists, they should perform Shraddhafor themselves when they are alive. The rites for such Shraddha are explained in the science of spirituality.

Even though various types of Shraddha are mentioned above, based on the calendar days, theShraddha performed for a dead person from the first day to the eleventh day, monthly shraddha,Sapindikaran Shraddha, Shraddha performed on one-year completion, Shraddha performed every year from the second year and Mahalay Shraddha are the only ones that are commonly practiced.

 

Citation.

http://kramans.blogspot.in/2012/01/shraddha.html

Karna Denied Food in Swarga Mahalaya Paksha

In Hinduism on September 4, 2014 at 17:28

Mahalaya Paksha is called the Pitru Paksha where the ancestors are remembered and offered the Tharpana.

 

One of legends for the Pitru Paksha is as follows.

 

After Karna was slain in the Mahabharata War, he ascended to heavens, Swarga.

 

There he was offered god and Silver every day but never Food.

 

He asked Indra, the chief of Devas for the reason.

 

Indra informed him that though Karna had given away whatever he had to those who had asked him, he never donated Food.

 

And if Karna were to get food in Swarga, he has to donate Food.

 

Karna descended to Earth and donated food.

 

This period is Mahalaya Paksha,one legend goes on.

 

However I have found no reference to this in the Puranas or Ithihasas.

 

Amavasya Pitru Tharpana Mantras In Tamil

In Hinduism on February 10, 2014 at 10:15

I have written a few post on Tharpana, Srardha.

I have received requests for Tamil Text of Tharpana Mantras to enable one to follow the Mantras.

I am posting these Mantras.

I will be posting the meanings shortly.

While on the subject I am asked to provide Tamil Tharpana Procedure as set by Agastya.

These are different from Apasthamba Sutra Tharpana in Sanskrit.

I am in the process of collating the information and shall post as soon as my information is authenticated and complete.

Please click the Link below for the Mantras,.

Karunya Pitrus related Mantras may be omitted for Amavasya and other Tharpanas.

Source:

Amavasai_Tharpanam

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Pithru Tharpanam Text, Mantras, Rite of Hindus

In Hinduism, India on October 14, 2012 at 19:40

I have posted blogs on the importance of performing Tarpana ((Oblation to Ancestors)- Mahalaya Amavasya.

Some more posts are on Sandhya Vandhana in two parts and  one audio.

Lunar_libration_with_phase_gif.

Lunar_libration_with_phase

The Tharpana Mantras with basic instructions are given below.

Amavasai_Tharpanam_Unicode

Audio Follows.

Post on ‘Sankalpa’, Sanskrit names for performance of Daily Routines including

SandhyaVandana,Months,Rtus,Pakshas,Manvantaras,Nakshatras follow-with Tamil Equivalents.

I will post for Rik , Sama Veda and Shukla Yajur Veda.

In performance of Tharpana, some wear marks on the forehead and some not.

It is better to follow what has been followed at your homes.

As I mentioned in another blog, Tharpana ,Srardha are to be performed only after Noon,after performing Madyanhika and Brahma Yagnam.

As a matter of fact Brahma Yagnam is to be performed Daily

.

It is sanctioned in the Sastras that the Sraddha or commitment to performing these Duties are important and not throwing away

money to ease Conscience.

Food is to be cooked at Home by the wife/Daughter and not by caterers or getting ome one to cook at Home.

It is for your parents.

Physical contribution is necessary.

It is also stated that The Brahmanas who come to Srardha are to be well versed in The Vedas and they are to be fed.

Now a days one does not get them and ven if one gets them they do not know The Vedas to be called a purohits(Please read my blog on Acharya,Guru and Purohita).

In the absence of a suitable and qualified Brahmana, I suggest one feed a really needy, caste does not matter, but one should be of good habit, not a Drunkard,way ward and generally uncouth.

They can be given new clothes which they can use, not necessarily Dhoti and Angavastram.

The same can be followed during the Srardha for Women , by giving Sari or chidudhar as they prefer.

I am aware those who call them Panditas objecting to this.

But this is what I am doing for the past 30 years, criticisms notwithstanding.

Unfortunately for them I read the Sastra texts in the original!

Ack.http://www.prohithar.com/amavasai/Amavasai_Tharpanam_Unicode.pdf

  • HINDU FESTIVALS IN SEPTEMBER 2013
    • September 9, 2013 (Monday) – Ganesh Chaturdhi
    • September 10, 2013 (Tuesday) – Rishi Panchami
    • September 16, 2013 (Monday) – Vamana Jayanti
    • September 20, 2013 (Friday) – Mahalaya Paksha Starts
Date Day Festival
Jan 14, 2013 Monday Makarsankranti / Pongal
Feb 15, 2013 Friday Vasant Panchami
Mar 10, 2013 Sunday Maha Shivaratri
Mar 27, 2013 Wednesday Holi
Apr 11, 2013 Thursday Hindi New Year
Apr 11, 2013 Thursday Telugu New Year / Ugadi
Apr 14, 2013 Sunday Tamil New Year
Apr 14, 2013 Sunday Baisakhi / Vishu
Apr 15, 2013 Monday Bengali New Year
Apr 20, 2013 Saturday Ramanavami
Apr 25, 2013 Thursday Hanuman Jayanti
May 13, 2013 Monday Akshaya Tritiya
Jun 08, 2013 Saturday Savitri Pooja
Jul 10, 2013 Wednesday Puri Rath Yatra
Jul 22, 2013 Monday Guru Purnima
Aug 11, 2013 Sunday Nag Panchami
Aug 20, 2013 Tuesday Raksha Bandhan
Aug 28, 2013 Wednesday Krishna Janmashtami
Sep 09, 2013 Monday Ganesh Chaturthi
Sep 16, 2013 Monday Onam
Sep 20, 2013 Friday Pitr-paksha Begins
Oct 04, 2013 Friday Pitr-paksha Ends
Oct 05, 2013 Saturday Navaratri Begins
Oct 11, 2013 Friday Durga Puja Begins
Oct 13, 2013 Sunday Navaratri Ends
Oct 14, 2013 Monday Dusshera
Oct 18, 2013 Friday Lakshmi Puja
Oct 22, 2013 Tuesday Karwa Chauth
Nov 01, 2013 Friday Dhan Teras
Nov 03, 2013 Sunday Diwali
Nov 17, 2013 Sunday Kartik Poornima

Related:

http://www.panchangam.org/

http://www.calendarlabs.com/calendars/religious/hindu-calendar.php

http://www.indif.com/nri/

http://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2013/08/06/yajur-upakarma-avani-avittam-vedic-course-details/

Mahalaya Amavasya,Tharpana Explained..

In Hinduism on September 13, 2011 at 12:39

English: Lunar libration. see below for more d...

Movement of the Moon.

Mahalaya Paksha 2014. 9 September 2014,Tuesday

 

The period between New Moon and Full Moon in Simha Maasa (approximately in September)for 15 days is named as Mahalaya Paksha.

Lunar Calendar of Hindus divides a month with reference to the waxing and waning of the Moon,into two.(for details on Hindu/Indian Calculation of Time’ please read my Blog’TIME-Non-Linear Theory,filed in Astrophysics).

The waxing period is called Sukla Paksha(Sukla in Sanskrit means White,  here indicates the waxing of the Moon),ending in Full Moon, Pounima, also called Pournamasya.

The waning period is called Krishna Paksha( Krishna means Black),culminating in New Moon called Amavasya.

Each Paksha has 14 Days ,one Amavasya and one Pournima makes a Month.

One is expected to perform the duties due to the Departed daily, that is do Tharppana daily.

This applies all Castes, Brahmana,Kshatriya ,Vaisya and Sudra.

We have conveniently omitted to follow the Sastras, by saying that the Srardha and Tharppana  are to be performed only by  Brahmins .

We also have made it a habit of performing Tharppana only on Amavasya,Beginning of the New Month,Mahalaya ,Aadi ,Grahana( Eclipses)  periods and Srardha Thithi.

This Behavior is not  sanctioned by The Sastras.

Of all The Tharppanas ,Mahalaya Tharppana is very Special.

This period falls in The Dakshinayana-movement of the Sun to Southern Latitudes ,this is for six months.

This begins from Adi and extends up to Makara Sankaranthi ( January 14)

In the Dakshinayana,the Devas and Pitrus(ancestors) are said to be asleep and the wake up in Uttarayana (from January 14 for six months )

We are expected to perform Thrappana during the entire Paksha starting from Amavasya in Simha Masa till Pournima- for 14 days.

The habit of doing only on Maha Barani,Maha Navami etc are procedures we have invented ourselves because of our reluctance/laziness.

One has to perform Sandhya Vandana-Madhyanniham,follow it up with Brahma Yagnam, then do the Tharppana daily on all the fourteen days.

At the beginning, changing Upaveedham is recommended.

Tharppna/Srardha should be performed only after 12 Noon-after Madhyanniha.

It is highly recommended to feed the Hungry-not necessarily Brahmins.

Better locate some one who is hungry as you go out on the Day, take him / her to a hotel and feed them.

Avoid paying cash.

Ideal would be to feed the hungry at your Home.One might also gift people who are needy with new clothes,Foot wear,umbrella and winter clothes.

Feed the cows and Dogs.

Benefits of Tharppana/Srardha.

Sastras  declare that there is no atonement for failing to perform the Tharppana and Srardha.

Of all the curses, Piru Saapa (curse), along with Sumangali Saapa (curse by women who expired when husbands  are alive) are the Deadliest.

Those who perform these Karmas will be blessed with Children, Grand Children. Wealth;will be free of chronic diseases,irritating circumstances and inexplicable problems in the family.

If the ancestors Bless us( we are here because of them), God follows suit.

If parents curse us,(which a parent rarely does) , even God will let us down.

 

http://vijayalur.wordpress.com/2012/09/27/october-panchanga-2/

Related:

http://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2012/10/14/pithru-tharpanam-text-mantras-rite-of-hindus/

http://www.indif.com/nri/

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