Posts Tagged ‘Mahabharata’

Vishnu With Four Heads

In Hinduism on October 20, 2014 at 18:27

Lord Vishnu ,from the Vedic stand point, is a form of Narayana,who is a manifestation of Purusha.


Vishnu is the Protector, the word Vishnu is from the Sanskrit word ‘Jishnu’, that which sustains.


His forms are many ,so are His Avatars, numbering 10/12.


Vishnu with FourHeads.jpg


The Vishnu Sahasranama calls Him as,





‘Chaturmurthi,Chatur  Bahu’, Chatur Vyuha, Chatur Gathi ‘four headed, with four arms, four manifestations, and four Goals.


I was curious to find out the reference as one normally sees Vishnu with One head and Four arms.


The first reference of  Vishnu with Head appears in the Mahabharata.


Though I am unable to locate any temple associated with this form., there are Temples in Kashmir with this Icon.


If there is any temple or the Icon is known to some people, please send in the information.


The Four Heads represent ,






Varaha, the Boar Avatar,


and Kapila ,representing Ferociousness or Asura Bhava.


This is one interpretation.


My view is that as Sage Kapila, the Founder of Samkhya System of Indian Philosophy, is an Avatar of Vishnu, the fourth face may represent him.


Pancharatra system explains thus,


Vasudeva (Krishna), Samkarshana (Balarama), Pradyumna and Aniruddha – four vyuhas (manifestations) of Vishnu.








Shiva Temple Prime Land Chennai Rent .001 Paise A Year

In Hinduism on October 19, 2014 at 09:09

There are 34,401 public religious institutions in Tamil Nadu. The following are the classifications based on the income of the temples:

	I.	Religious institutions having an 
		income of Rs.200/- or less per annum 		 8,368

	II. 	Religious institutions having an income 
		of less than Rs.2000/- but above Rs.200/- 	17,687		

	III.	Religious institutions having an income 
		of less than Rs.10,000/- but above Rs.2000/-	 6,509

	IV.	Religious institutions having an income of 
		less than Rs.50,000/- but above Rs.10,000/-	 1,469

	V.	Religious institutions having an income of 
		less than Rs.1 lakh but above Rs.50,000/-	   166	VI.	Religious institutions having an income of 
		Rs.1 lakh and above.				   202
						Total	:	34,401


Only the last four categories of institutions are assessable institutions and that works out to 8,346.



While other Religions zealously guard their Mosques and Churches, The Secular Government of India,has a department to take care of Hindu Temples(?).


Lands were donated by the ancient Kings to the Temples and the Brahmins who maintain the Temples.as far back as during the Mahabharata period for which records exist, Chera King Perunchotru Udiyan Neduncheralaathan donated 100 Velis of Land, a Veli in 100 acres to Brahmins with the condition that he should see that the Tempes are maintained well and that he should see the smoke from the Homa being performed by the Brahmins daily.


The State Governments in India have taken over the administration of the Temples.


Details about Tamil Nadu are provided above.


The advent of Dravidian Parties saw a surge towards the systematic destruction of Hindu Temples in Tamil Nadu.


The overt move was made by the DMK Government by appointing Trustees for the temples, most of them DMK Party Members and Atheists,their Atheism is restricted to only to Hinduism.


MGR, in his later years turned a Theist and tried to restore the Status quo.


When Karunanidhi came  to power, he tried his best undermine the sanctity of the Temples by introducing measures to appoint Priests through a Government training Institution, under the impression that the Temples were controlled only by the Brahmins.


DMK men were allotted temple lands on rent at a pittance.



A) In 1979, the HR & CE authorities had proposed to sell 116 grounds of the Kapaleeswarar temple in Madras for Rs.3.5 lakhs and 147 grounds of the Gangadeeswar temple, Purasawalkam, Madras for Rs.4.5 lakhs. This move was opposed by the State Temple Protection Committee.

B) Akshyalingeswar Temple at Kiwalur in Nagapatnam Taluk has 950 acres of land. 300 acress of land are cultivated by the co-operative tenants. The total arrears of rent was 5,000 bags of paddy per year and there was a total arrears of 36,000 bags of paddy in 8 years.

C) At Kodambakkam, Madras a 40 ground plot belonging to a temple was leased out on a rent of Rs.4 per year.

At Saidapet, a 40 ground plot was leased out for a pittance and the occupants had built beautiful houses. But the temple languishes for want of income.

D) With the abolition of minor Inams, the Governmnet took a decision to confer ownership rights to the tenants who were in occupation for 60 years. Later it was decided to reduce this period of enjoyment, to 30 years, with the proviso that rent for 12 years should have been paid. In such a way, 13,825 acres of temple inam lands woth Rs.2.5 crores were distributed to 5,000 persons. The Government should have collected the amount and handed it over to the temples. But the Government took the decision to write off this amount. The Government has not compensated it to the temples. A total of 2,600 religious institutions had suffered because of this decision.

E) King Raja Raja Chola had endowed lands to the Brihadeeshwara temple to fetch 80,000 bags of paddy every year. But the lands are not with the temple’s control now. On October20, 1983 the priests of the Big Temple, Thanjavur stopped performing pujas as they had not been receiving their salary for several months and there was no rice or oil for “Naivedyam”.

F) On 7th April, 1985 the Endowments Minister told a press conference at Madurai that the leader of a political party was occupying premises belonging to Madurai Meenakshi temple which had been sub-let to him by the original lessee. He said that when he visited Thanjavur and Trichi Districts, he found that the archakas and temple staff had not been paid their salary for several months.

G) On 26th November, 1979 the Conference of Temple Employees Association was told that out of 1,87,712 tenants of temple lands only 20% were genuine lessees and the rest were bogus intermediaries. The Association urged the Government of exempt all temple lands from lands laws, Tenancy Acts, particularly from the Fair Rent Act which reduced the temples share from 40% to 25%.

H) Kalpati temple car was sold for Rs.20,000/- to maintain the pujas.

I) On 09-03-1992, addressing a Press Conference the Kanchi Acharya commented on the increasing number of burning of temple cars, murders inside temples and thefts. The Acharya felt that the motive of all these crimials was not merely the lust for money and jewels. A new force seemed to be working from behind to check the growing “bakthi cult” in Tamil Nadu.


The Government led by J.Jayalalithaa, has been trying to correct this, by initiating various measures.

The website http://tnhrce.org/ provides information, though not exhaustively on the Temples in Tamil Nadu.


There is a provision for RTI.


News reports claim that details regarding the Lands of temples are available at the site, though I am unable to find it.


Instead of building new temples, Hindus must concentrate on reclaiming the Lands belonging to the temples, by obtaining the relevant information from the Portal under RTI and move the Courts.


Not only the Rents are ridiculous but the Temple premises are encroached and used for Illegal and Immoral activities.


The lands are being sold ad Plots by the party-men.

The web site url is provided in the post.








Book Hinduism History Indian Philosphy Unique Temples

In Blogging on September 24, 2014 at 12:36

I have manuscripts  in English ready for Publication on Hinduism, Indian Philosophy,Unique temples India, The World..


These , I intend publishing  as  books.




The contents have been received well in my blog www.ramanan50.wordpress.com.



The topics covered are.


Essentials of Hinduism.


Vedas, some important Texts, Explanations.


Scientific explanation of Indian Thought.


Proof of Ramayana, Mahabharata, Vedic Culture.


Spread of Hinduism, Sanatana Dharma throughout the world with archeological and historical proof.


Real Indian History.How our Dharama was spread around the world.


Sanatana Dharama spread from South.


Rig Veda composed in the Arctic.


Higher Physics interpreted with Vedic Knowledge.


Sakthi Peethas, location, Legends, How to reach them.


List of Shiva Sthalas, Shakthi Sthalas,


Devi Upasna,


Advanced concepts in Vedas on Latest scientific developments including Multi verses, Quantum theory.


And much more.


Many of the readers of my blog have been asking me to bring out in Book from .


Only now I feel I can publish them  in a couple of Books, it might be more than two books,


I plan to do the Translation in Tamil as well.


I am in search of a quality Publisher with a commitment to spread Sanatana Dharma.


Publishers,or those who have contacts with Publishers may contact me.


Separate arrangements for US may also be worked out.


The articles may be found under Hinduism, Temples, Indian Philosophy,Science, Astrophysics.


I shall be updating them before publication.


Those who can translate in Kannada, Hindi,and Telugu are invited to send in their proposal as I have received requests for publishing in these languages.



Karna Denied Food in Swarga Mahalaya Paksha

In Hinduism on September 4, 2014 at 17:28

Mahalaya Paksha is called the Pitru Paksha where the ancestors are remembered and offered the Tharpana.


One of legends for the Pitru Paksha is as follows.


After Karna was slain in the Mahabharata War, he ascended to heavens, Swarga.


There he was offered god and Silver every day but never Food.


He asked Indra, the chief of Devas for the reason.


Indra informed him that though Karna had given away whatever he had to those who had asked him, he never donated Food.


And if Karna were to get food in Swarga, he has to donate Food.


Karna descended to Earth and donated food.


This period is Mahalaya Paksha,one legend goes on.


However I have found no reference to this in the Puranas or Ithihasas.


Who Broke Ganesha Tusk Parashurama Son Of Parvati

In Hinduism on August 25, 2014 at 08:13

Lord Ganesha has one Tusk.


Eka Danta Ganapati.jpg

Eka Danta Ganapati. Image Credit. http://www.mahavyoma.org/22-sri-ekadanta-ganapati/


One Tusk remains broken.


The common legend I have been aware that Lord Ganesha broke hos tusk to write the Mahabharata at the bidding of Veda Vyasa.


There is another legend in Mudugala Purana.


Parashuarama is a Chiranjeevi, who lives forever, went to meet Lord Shiva , His Teacher in the Himalayas and was blocked by Ganesha who was guarding Kailasa.


Angry Parsashurama threw his axe at Ganapati and it broke His left Tusk.


Ganesha accepted this without making effort to stop it as the Axe was given to Parashurama by His father Shiva .


Furious Parvati, hurt at Ganesha being hurt,declared she would cut off the arms of Parashurama.

She took the form of Durgama, becoming omnipotent, but at the last moment, Shiva was able to pacify her by making her see the avatar as her own son.


Ganesha without one tusk is considered as His second avatar by some.


Ganesha Gayatri gives importance to this aspect of single Tusk


‘Ekadanthaaya Vidhmahe Vakra Dhundaaya Dheemahi,

Thanno Danthi Prachothayaath’


Source.Mudugala Purana,which is classified as a Upapurana.






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