Posts Tagged ‘Mahabharata’

Vishnu Sahasranama Origin Features

In Hinduism on April 21, 2014 at 09:40

Of all the Paarayanas the Vishnu Sahasranama is the one that  granst peace of Mind, apart from bestowing Knowledge to Brahmins, Victory to Kshatriya

, Wealth to Vaisyas and Prosperity to Sudras.


The Vishnu Sahasranam is believed to have been divulged to Arjuna  and Yudhistra by Bhishma, the Grand sire of the Mahabharata,a s he lay dying awaiting the arrival of Uttarayana for his death.


His Bhishma was granted a boon to choose his own time of Death as recognition for his having done what one can not do( Bhisma means , one who does what others can not do), that of relinquishing the desire for women in order to ensure that his father could marry a woman he wanted.


Lord Vishnu with Lakkshmi

Vishnu with Lakshmi


As Bhisma was lying in a bed of arrows prepared for him by Arjuna, Yusdhistra was asked by Lord Krishna to seek the advice of Bhishma on how to run a Government and about Dharma.


On being asked thus, Bhisma looks at Krishna and says,


“Krishna, you are the Lord and the Universe and the Personification of Dharma.


When you are here it would not be proper for me to speak on these highly esoteric Truths.


I am eager to listen to you”


Lord Krishna replies,


‘Son of Ganga, it is  most powerful and auspicious if the Dharma is taught by the One who has practiced than by the One who set


Yudhistir asks,however, first, about what would be shortest route to get the auspicious results and by reciting  whose name one would get the benefit of reciting the names of all Gods.


Kimekam Daivatham Loke Ki vaapyekam Parayanam’


‘By chanting whose Name shall I get the benefit of chanting all the Gods Names?


What Bhishma taught Yudhistir is the Vishnu Sahasranama.



 The Vishnusahasranama as found in the Anushasana Parva of the Mahabharata is the most popular version of the 1,000 names of Vishnu.


Another version exists in the Padma Purana and Matsya Purana


It is set in the Anushtup Chandas (Meter)


“1. Vishnu sahasranama is the essence of the Mahabharata;
2. Great sages such as Narada, the Alvars, and composers including Saint Tyagaraja have made repeated references to the “Thousand Names of Vishnu” in their devotional works;
3. The person who strung together the thousand names as part of the Mahabharata and preserved it for the world was none other than Sage Veda Vyasa, the foremost knower of the Vedas, who is considered an avatar of Vishnu;
4. Bhishma considered chanting of the Vishnu sahasranama the best and easiest of all dharmas, or the means to attain relief from all bondage;
5. It is widely accepted that the chanting of this Stotram gives relief from all sorrows and leads to happiness and peace of mind;
6. Vishnu sahasranama is in conformity with the teachings of the Gita.” 
  • Adi Sankaracharya, the Advaita enlightened master, in verse 27 of his hymn, Bhaja Govindam, said that the Gita and Vishnu sahasranama should be chanted and the form of the Lord of Lakshmi, Vishnu should always be meditated on.
  • The line ‘Om Namo Bhagavathe Vaasudeeya’, in the ‘Dhyaaana Sloka was composed by Adi Shankaracharya and it is the identification by which Shankara’s version is easily identified.
  • He also said that the Sahasranama bestowed all noble virtues on those who chanted it.
  • Madhvacharya, the Dvaita philosopher, said that the Sahasranama was the essence of the Mahabharata which in turn was the essence of the Shastras and that each word of the Sahasranama had 100 meanings.



Two of the names in Vishnusahasranama that refer to Shiva are “Shiva” (names # 27 and # 600 in Adi Sankara’s commentary) itself, “Shambhu” (name # 38), “Ishanah” (name #6 4), and “Rudra” (name # 114). Most notably, Adi Shankara, according to one interpretation, has not interpreted these to mean that the deity Shiva and the deity Vishnu are the same.[6] Specifically, he asserts that the deity Vishnu is Brahman itself (not just an aspect[disambiguation needed] of Brahmam).[7] Again, he notes that “only Hari (Vishnu) is eulogized by names such as Shiva“,[8] a position consistent with interpretations of the Srivaishnavite commentator Parasara Bhattar. Parasara Bhattar had interpreted Shiva to mean a quality of Vishnu, such as “One who bestows auspiciousness.”.[9] In fact, the Shri Rudram, a sacred prayer for Hindus and devotees of Shiva in particular, describes Vishnu as an aspect of Shiva in the fifth anuvaka.

However, this interpretation of the name Shiva has been challenged by Swami Tapasyananda‘s translation of Sankara‘s commentary on the Vishnusahasranama.

 He translates the 27th name, Shiva to mean:”One who is not affected by the three Gunas of PrakrtiSattvaRajas,and Tamas;

The Kaivalaya Upanishad says, “He is both Brahma and Shiva.” In the light of this statement of non-difference between Shiva and Vishnu, it is Vishnu Himself Who Is exalted by the praise and worship of Shiva.”

 Based on this commonly heldAdvaitan point of view which has been adopted by Smartas, Vishnu and Shiva are viewed as one and the same God, being different aspects of preservation and destruction respectively.

As many Sanskrit words have multiple meanings, it is possible that both Vishnu and Shiva share names in this instance, e.g., the name Shiva itself means “auspicious”  which could also apply to Vishnu.

The Deities Ananthapadmanabha and Shankaranarayana are worshipped by Hindus, as is Lord Panduranga Vitthala, a form of Lord Krishna with a Shiva Linga on his crown, signifying the oneness of both deities.

 Parasara Bhattar, a follower of Ramanujacharya has interpreted the names “Shiva” and “Rudra” in Vishnu sahasranama to mean qualities or attributes of Vishnu, and not to indicate that Vishnu and Shiva are one and the same God.


Vaishnavas worship Vishnu in his four-armed form, carrying conch, disc, flower and mace in his hands, believing that to be the Supreme form.

However, Smarthas do not subscribe to this aspect or personification of God, as Smarthas say that God is pure and thus devoid of form.

Additionally, they believe that God is not limited by time nor limited by shape and color. Vaishnava traditions are of the opinion that Vishnu is both unlimited and yet still capable of having specific forms, as to give arguments to the contrary (to say that God is incapable of having a form) is to limit the unlimitable and all-powerful Supreme.


In the Sri Vaishnava tradition, the Bhagavad-gita and the Vishnu Sahasranama are considered the two eyes of spiritual revelation.


In other Vaishnava traditions too, the Vishnu Sahasranama is considered an important text. Within Gaudiya VaishnavismVallabha sampradayaNimbarka sampradaya and amongRamanandis, the chanting of the names of Krishna and Rama to be superior to that of Vishnu.

Based on another verse in the Padma Purana which says that the benefit of chanting the one thousand names of Vishnu can be derived from chanting one name of Rama, and a verse in the Brahma Vaivarta Purana equating the benefit of chanting three names of Rama with one name of Krishna.

However, it is important to realize that those verses in those puranas are not to be interpreted literally, as many believe that there is no difference between Vishnu and Krishna.


These verses can be interpreted as it is more important to have pure bhakti or devotion than merely repeating the many names of God without emotion. Indeed, Shri Krishna Himself said, “Arjuna, One may be desirous of praising by reciting the thousand names. But, on my part, I feel praised by one shloka. There is no doubt about it.”

Within Vaisnavism some groups, such as Sri sampradaya, adhere to and follow the Rig Veda: V.I.15b.3, which states “O ye who wish to gain realization of the supreme truth, utter the name of Vishnu at least once in the steadfast faith that it will lead you to such realization.



Vishnu Sahasranama Wiki

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Pandava’s Caves or Buddhist Monastery Pachmarhi

In Hinduism on April 6, 2014 at 08:58


The Five brothers, The Pancha Pandavas, while on exile for thirteen years were reported to have dwelt in caves in Madhya Pradesh,


They also built a Pond for Draupadi .


These caves are in Satpura range in Madhya Pradesh at Pachmarhi.

Pachmarhi is a hill station and has other tourist attractions

Caves of The Pandavas

Pandava Caves

A Cave of the Pancha Pandavas

One of the Caves of The Pandavas



The Pond of Draupadi

Draupadi Kund



It is widely known as Satpura ki Rani (“Queen ofSatpura“), situated at a height of 1100 m in a valley of the Satpura Range in Hoshangabaddistrict. Dhupgarh, the highest point (1,350 m) in the central India region and the Vindhyaand Satpura range, is located here.


The Legend:

These caves were built by five Pandavabrothers of Mahabharatha era during their fourteen years of exile.

The caves are situated on a hilltop and provide an excellent vantage point.

How to Reach Pachmarhi.


Amongst these five caves, the most well ventilated and the spacious one is the ‘Draupadi Kuti’, named after Draupadi, the wife of the five Pandava brothers. The darkest of all the caves is the ‘Bhim Kothari’, named after the toughest of the five brothers – Bhima. All the five caves are hewed in a rough manner, which however do not mar their beauty or attraction. People visit the humble sanctuaries that relate their name with the Mahabharata, round the year.

Though Pandava caves proudly associate with Mahabharata, many archaeologists contradict the fact. They believe that these caves belong to the Gupta period (9th or 10th century AD) and even predict their construction by Buddhist monks. Traces of an ancient brick-built stupa have been unearthed on top of the caves, which dates back these caves to the Buddhist period. Archeologists believe the stupa is a remnant of the regime of King Ashoka.


Airport . Bhopal 144 Kms.


Railway Station. Bhopal.


Bus station.Bhopal,Chhindwara.


Buses start from Habibganj ISBT of Bhopal and generally take close to 5–6 hours to reach Pachmarhi.


Other Tourist spots in Pachmarhi and around.


Pachmarhi is blessed with very rich flora and fauna. It has endless nature spots, lush greenery, breath-taking views, waterfalls, mountain streams, rich and rare wildlife. Some of the popular spots are as follows

Highest point of Satpura ranges. It is known for sunrise and sunset view point. At night one can see the lights of the neighboring towns such as Itarsi. At the day time the view of the lush green valley offers a captivating view. One can reach the top either by road or by trekking.
This the second highest peak. It is a pilgrimage site with Lord Siva’s temple at the top.
B-Hill and B-Falls
This is another hill very close to the township. On the hind side of this hill a big waterfall called B-fall. It is a popular picnic spot as it offers pristine water flowing down this fall.
Panarpani has a natural fresh water lake with forest around.
This is a conflux of mountain streams behind Dhupgarh. The water in these streams is crystal clear in all seasons except of course autumn.
Jatashankar and Mahadeo caves
These are mountain caves with fresh water dripping from them. One can witness ecosystem at work out here with mountains feeding the streams with fresh water, the water that they soak-in during autumn. As the name suggests, these caves and many others like these are abode of lord Siva.
Silver Falls
Also called Rajat Prapat/Big Fall. The falls comes 2800+ feet roaring down the gorge creating a sliver streak that gives its name. The view of dense, serene, virgin forest and stream is simply mesmerizing.
Apsara Vihar
This is a mountain stream that creates a beautiful natural water pool, cascades and waterfall in its a course.
Other waterfalls
Pachmarhi’s ecosystem is blessed with many waterfalls. To name a few are Silver Fall, B-Fall, Little Fall, Duchess Fall etc.
Rich Biosphere
One would love to get lost in the forests of Pachmarhi, particularly in the summer, as it is full of fruit trees such as – mangoes, jamun, custard fruit and lesser known but very delicious local fruits such khatua, tendu, chunna, khinni and chaar. The forest is also known for its richness in medicinal plants and herbs.
The jungle has tigers, panthers, bear, deer, bison, wide variety of birds etc. Tigers have retreated deeper in the forest though.


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Krishna’s Conch Sudarshan Chakra In Afghanistan

In Hinduism on March 22, 2014 at 12:02

In yet another confirmation of the fact that Lord Krishna was Real and not an Imaginary figure, cons containing Lord Krishna on the one side Balarama on the other, in Al Khanoun Afghanistan.

Coin of Agathocles with Hindu deities: Vasudeva-Krishna and Balarama-Samkarshana

Cons of Krishna and Balrama

A lot of numismatic evidence also corroborates the antiquity of Krishna. For instance, excavations at Ai-Khanum, along the border of Afghanistan and the Soviet Union, conducted by P. Bernard and a French archeological expedition, unearthed six rectangular bronze coins issued by the Indo-Greek ruler Agathocles (180?-?165 BC). The coins had script written in both Greek and Brahmi and, most interestingly, show an image of Vishnu, or Vasudeva, carrying a Chakra and a pear-shaped vase, or conchshell, which are two of the four main sacred symbols of God in Vaisnavism. Many other finds of ancient coins also prove the antiquity of Krishna worship in India.

To summarize, today the weight of empirical evidence proves that Krishna and Vaisnavisam predate Christianity. Numerous literary, archeological, and numismatic sources build an unassailable case. Nevertheless, Vaisnavism and Christianity still show amazing similarities. In the chauvinistic and sectarian atmosphere of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, these similarities led most Western scholars to adopt the now discredited “borrowing theory.” But these attitudes did more that distort the truth. In the twentieth century they directly led to two world wars of unprecedented ferocity and destruction. Therefore, sensitive and caring people perceive these attitudes as being obsolete, and, instead of clinging to them, more intelligent people now seek the path of unity. Even in religion, one of the key contemporary attitudes is the ecumenical spirit, the desire to emphasize more our similarities with other peoples, nations, and religions rather than our differences.


Vedic Empire





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Vidura’s Tree Near Bangalore His Last Days

In Hinduism on March 22, 2014 at 09:56

Vidura was the illegitimate brother of Dhirtharashtra and Pandu.

He was an expert in Archery, Dhanur Vidya.

Vidureswara temple

Viduresvarnatha Temple,Gauribidanur.


Naga Idols, Vidureswaranatha temple

Naga Idols for Begetting Children,Vidureswar Temple,


Lord Krishna was so impressed with his Archery, he made sure, when he visited Duryodhan to negotiate peace before the onset of the Mahabharata War,he made sure that Duryodhan insulted Vidura, as a result Vidura did not take part n the Battle .


Vidura was also known for his Righteousness and moral judgment,


While every one kept quiet when Draupadi was being stripped in the open court of Duryodhan,he was the lone figure to condemn the act,even Bhishma kept quiet on this occasion.


His Vidura Needi, dealing with Dharma, Righteousness is a standard text.


Vidura had been on pilgrimage and he planted an Aswatha tree, near Bangalore, India.


The name Vidurashwatha is derived from that of a big Ashwatha (Ficus religiosa) tree is  in this village


According to a legend of the times of Mahabharata, this tree was planted by Vidura, a courtier in the kingdom of Dhritarashtra; and hence the name Vidurashwatha.[1]


Unfortunately, in 2001, this ancient tree fell to the ground.


Vidurashwatha (Kannada:ವಿದುರಾಶ್ವತ್ಥ) is a small village is in the Gauribidanur taluk of Chikkaballapur district in the state of Karnataka, India. Situated near the Karnataka – Andhra Pradesh border and about 6 km from Gauribidanur, it had a major role to play in the freedom movement of India.


Vidurashwatha is known as the Jallianwala Bagh of the South.[1] On April 25, 1938, as a part of the freedom struggle of India, a group of villagers had congregated in a ground to organise a Satyagraha. Similar to what happened at Jallianwala Bagh, police fired indiscriminately at the group resulting in the death of 10 people. A memorial has been erected in this location bearing the names of those who lost their lives in this incident.[3]


There is also Naga Devatha Temple which is as old as the tree, here people do the prathishtapana of the naga god, to fulfil their desires, like having child, do better in business etc., the pooja here is done to alleviate all problems concerned with Naga dosha.


Vidura settled, after his misunderstanding with Duryodhan, Vidur Kuti , about 58 km from Kadarpur Nanu,Bijnaur district in the state of Western Uttar Pradesh, India.

He spent his last days here.


Lord Krishna visited this place.


Kanva Ashram is an ashram in a broken condition near Rawli town according to the legend “Abhigyan Shakuntalam”. Hastinapur’s King Dushyant reached there while hunting and fell in love with Shakuntala at first sight. During Mahabharat when the battle between Kauravas and Pandavas was about to begin, then on the request of both the sides, all wives and children were to be guardianed by Mahatma Vidur. He had insufficient space for them so he found an area for ladies and children, which is now known as Daranagar.







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Tumblr Comments On Ramani’s blog

In Blogging on March 10, 2014 at 18:28

I received a Notification from Tumblr.

Tumblr Comments

Tumblr on Post Ramani’s blog

I share my posts in Tumblr as Ramani’s Tumbles.

I do not know whether it is a left-handed compliment.

The byline is interesting.

You’ve made 4,000 posts on Tumblr!

That’s a lot of posts! It would take an average cat nearly 30 years to read your entire blog.


Be that as it may. let me share some thoughts.

The Statistics of Ramani’s blog is,

Posts              6341.

Categories      120

Tags            18420

Comments   4352.

Hope there is some quality amongst these numbers!

Apart from the pleasure blogging gives me is the quality of the Readers.

Most of them are highly qualified and are in fact among those who can be counted in their professions.

I try to be objective with good Sources for my articles.

However errors some time creep in and I correct them if brought to my notice.

Truth being bitter, I am criticized from both the sides of an issue.

By Muslims for my posts on Islam and Terrorism Christians for Conversions and Pope  and Hindus for writing on Kanchi Shankaracharya and wrong practices in Hinduism.

By the  Right as a Communist and the Conservatives as a Capitalist.

By Tamils as Brahmin bigot and others for promoting Tamil.!

I am indeed privileged to have among my subscribers  a former Supreme Court Judge who headed a sensitive Commission of Enquiry set up by the Government of India,Top Doctors and Media persons.

I am grateful to all the readers.

Most of the readers’  Comments are informative and suggestive , which enables to write more.

Thank You All.


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