ramanan50

Posts Tagged ‘Mahabharata’

Tallest Shiva Temple Tunganath Shiva Hid From Pandavas

In Hinduism on December 18, 2014 at 11:43

The tallest Shiva Temple is in the mountain range of Tunganath in Rudraprayag district,India.

 

Lord Shiva avoided the Pandavas for in His opinion ,were guilty of killing the kith in the Mahabharata War.

 

Tallest Shiva Temple,Tunganath.jpg

Tallest Shiva Temple,Tunganath.

 

The Tunganath (literal meaning: Lord of the peaks) mountains form the Mandakini and Alaknanda river valleys. Located at an altitude of 3,680 m (12,073 ft), and just below the peak of Chandrashila, Tungnath temple is the highest Hindu shrine dedicated to Lord Shiva. The temple is believed to be 1000 years old and is the second in the pecking order of the Panch Kedars. It has a rich legend linked to the Pandavas, heroes of the Mahabharata epic.

 

The Tunganath myth is indelibly linked to the origin of the Panch Kedar temples built by the Pandavas. The legend states that sage Vyas Rishi advised the Pandavas that since they were culpable of slaying their own relatives (Kauravas, their cousins) during the Mahabharata war or Kurukshetra war, their act could be pardoned only by Lord Shiva. Consequently, the Pandavas went in search of Shiva who was avoiding them since he was convinced of the guilt of Pandavas. In order to keep away from them, Shiva took the form of a bull and went into hiding in an underground safe haven at Guptakashi, where Pandavas chased him. But later Shiva’s body in the form of bull’s body parts rematerialized at five different locations that represent the “Panch Kedar” where Pandavas built temples of Lord Shiva at each location, to worship and venerate, seeking his pardon and blessings. Each one is identified with a part of his body; Tungnath is identified as the place where the bahu (hands) were seen: hump was seen at Kedarnath; head appeared at Rudranath; his navel and stomach surfaced at Madhyamaheshwar; and his jata (hair or locks) at Kalpeshwar.

Legend also states that Lord Rama, the chief icon of the Ramayana epic, meditated at the Chandrashila peak, which is close to Tungnath. It is also said that Ravana, also of Ramayana fame, did penance to Shiva, the lord of the peaks, when he resided here.

 

How to reach Tunganath Temple.

By Air

Nearest airport is Jolly Grant, Bhaniawala, Dehradun, 41 KMs from Haridwar. After reaching Haridwar you need to carry rest of the journey by road only. Haridwar to Chopta is about 225 KMs by road.

By Rail

Nearest railway station is at Haridwar. After reaching Haridwar you need to carry rest of the journey by road only. Haridwar to Chopta is about 225 KMs by road.

By Road

Below is the route that needs to be followed to reach Deoria Tal from Delhi -

Delhi – Haridwar (212 KMs) – Rishikesh – Dev Prayag – Srinagar – Rudra Prayag (take left towards Kedarnath) – Agustmuni – Syal Saur – Kund – Ukhimath – Duggalbitta – Baniya Kund – Chopta (448 KMs) – Tungnath – Chandrashilla

Vehicles can go up to Chopta only and you need to trek about 3.5 KMs from Chopta to reach Tungnath. If you are interested in Chandrashilla, you need to further trek about 1.5 KMs from Tungnath to reach the Chandrashilla peak. There is no motorable road to Tungnath and Chandrashilla. The trek is a paved path from Chopta up to Tungnath temple and from there on to Chandrashilla it is not paved but track exists. People generally complete the trek to Tungnath (without snow) in about 2-3 hours and to Chandrashilla in about 3-5 hours from Chopta. However, the presence of snow on the trek, scripts a different story altogether. The time and feasibility of trek then depends entirely upon the amount of snow present on the trek and the weather on the particular day.

*Best time to travel or visit to Tungnath Temple is April – November (exclude monsoon). In winters i.e December – February, when the snowfall starts the Tungnath becomes inaccessible. Soon, Chopta also gets snow bound and gets cut-off from the rest of the valley. As the end of February approach, the snow starts to melt around Chopta, Duggalbitta and Baniya Kund which creates a ray of hope for people looking for Snow Trek to Tungnath / Chandrashilla and experience some real adventure. However, be ready to trek more than 6-7 KMs on either side as the roads to Chopta are not accessible almost till March (mid) from December (after snowfall).

Citation.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tungnath

 

http://devilonwheels.com/index.php/delhi-tungnath-chandrashilla-uttarakhand-travel-guide/

Cholas Pandyas in Ramayana Times Cousins From Manu

In Hinduism on December 9, 2014 at 10:43

The term Pandya means ‘very Old'(பண்டைய) as against Cholas who were classified as new.

 

The Pandyas were in close liaison with the Pandavas of the Mahabharata.

 

Pandyan Kings took part in the Mahabharata War .(Karna Parav 20.25)

 

 

 

Arjuna and Krishna married Pandyan princesses and had children through them.

 

During the period of Ramayana, Sugriva advises his monkeys to search for Sita in the Kingdoms of Chera, Chola and Pandyas.

 

And, O Yudhishthira, in the country of the Pandyas are the tirthas named Agastya and Varuna! And, O bull among men, there, amongst the Pandavas, is the tirtha called the Kumaris. Listen, O son of Kunti, I shall now describe Tamraparni. In that asylum the gods had undergone penances impelled by the desire of obtaining salvation. In that region also is the lake of Gokarna which is celebrated over the three worlds, hath an abundance of cool waters, and is sacred, auspicious, and capable, O child, of producing great merit. That lake is extremely difficult of access to men of unpurified souls. Mahabharatha 3:88[28]

And similarly, Pandya, who dwelt on the coast-land near the sea, came accompanied by troops of various kinds to Yudhishthira, the king of kings. Mahabharatha 5:19

Steeds that were all of the hue of the Atrusa flower bore a hundred and forty thousand principle car-warriors that followed that Sarangadhwaja, the king of the Pandyas. Mahabharatha 7.23.

 

References abound in Tamil Classics about the relationship between Sanatana Dharma and the Tamil Kings.

 

First reference of the Pandyas is the Parantaka Pandya who fought with Karikal Chola.

 

The Forty Kings mentioned before Karikala are not found to be recorded.

 

Yet references are found in the Ithihasa and Puranas about the Pandyas.

 

My inference is that Pandya Kingdom at Then Madurai then, was swallowed by a Tsunami and records might have been lost.

 

One surviving record is that Ravana signed a Peace Treaty with a Pandya King.

 

Please read my Post on this.

 

So, both the Chola and Pandya Dynasties date back to Ramayana period, if not earlier, for there are refernces in the Vedas about Tamil Nadu spices.

 

Probably Cholas and Pandyas belong to the same Family Tree of Manu, albeit descended from Cousins.

 

* Post On Chea Kings Follows.

 

Citation.

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pandyan_Dynasty#References

 

Image credit.

 

 http://karuppurojakkal.wordpress.com/category/map-of-india-during-ramayana-time/

 

Lord Rama Was A King of Sumeria King List

In Hinduism on December 8, 2014 at 09:26

The King List which chronicles a list of Kings of Sumeria is written in Sumerian Language.

 

Ancient Sumeria, one of the oldest civilizations flourished in the southern parts of Iraq.

 

In the Kings List, one finds the Dynasties of the Kings of Sumeria with their official locations.

 

It includes the names of Kings of adjoining countries, then called city states

 

The Kingship was believed to be from the Gods and was transferable from one  city to another.

 

Sumeria was believed to have had an hegemony during its period of existence.

 

It is curious to find the name of Lord Rama in the Sumerian King List.

 

Not only Lord Rama but his brother Bharata also find a place in the List.

 

The King List.jpg

King List,Sumeria

 

Fortunately, a study of Sumerian history provides a fairly vivid flesh-and-blood picture of Rama. The highly authentic Sumerian King-list appear such hallowed names as Bharat (Warad) Sin and Rim Sin. Sin was the Moon god Chandra and as the cuneiform symbol for ‘Rim’ can also be read as ‘Ram’, Rim Sin is the same as Rama Chandra. In the Sumerian texts Ram-Sin is said to be from Elam which links him to Indo-Iran. Rama was the longest reigning monarch of Mesopotamia who ruled for 60 years. Bharat Sin ruled for 12 years (1834-1822 BC), exactly as stated in the Dasaratha Jataka. The Jataka statement, “Years sixty times hundred, and ten thousand more, all told, / Reigned strong-armed Rama”, only means that Rama reigned for sixty years which agrees exactly with the data of Assyriologists. Ayodhya may be Agade the capital of Sargon which has not yet been identified. It is possible that Agade was near Der or the Heart near Harayu or Sarayu. Learned scholars like D. P. Mishra were aware that Rama could be from the Herat area. The noted linguist Sukumar Sen also noted that Rama is a sacred name in the Avesta where he is mentioned together with Vayu. Rama is called Rama Margaveya in some texts from which Dr. Sen concluded that he hailed from Margiana. The Cambridge Ancient History contains priceless information relevant to Indian ancient history. The Sumerian records furnish the first date of the Indus era – the war with Ravana took place in 1794 BC. The significance of the fact Ram-Sin’s reign (60 years) was the longest in Sumerian history has been lost on most writers. There are two Ram-Sins in Sumerian history.”…….

 

My researches into the relationship from between the Dravadas (South of Bharata Varsha) and Sanatana Dharam have led me to establish that the ancestor of Lord Rama, Vaivaswatha Manu migrated from Dravida desa because of a Tsunami to Ayodhya to establish a Kingdom.

 

* Seemingly different dates of Rama from the Date of Rama of Ramayana tells another story.

 

Shiva and His sons Ganesha,Muruga left by the Arabian Sea and spread through the Middle East, establishing their lineage en route, Iraq, Africa, Spain,Latin America,North America, Central America before reaching the Arctic where the Rig Veda was composed.

 

Later their descendants traveled from the Arctic through Russia to reach India again.

 

These facts are culled from Tamil Classics Vedas, Sanskrit Literature and cross checked by Astronomical facts mentioned in these texts.

 

More to follow on this subject.

 

Citations.

http://www.ranajitpal.com/rama.html

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waddell%27s_chronology

Waddell’s Chronology.

Amar-Sin, (“Bur-Sin II“) 2109-2089 BCE Rama or Rama-Chandra

Krishna Adisesha Appeared in The Sky ?

In Hinduism on December 6, 2014 at 18:56

While I was writing a Post, the content recommendation by Zemanta suggested a news story by CNN that Lord Krishna appeared in the Sky.

 

I am reproducing the excerpt.

 

My observation is that it is difficult to comment without being present in the spot.

 

May be an Illusion as well.

 

 

“On 15-Feb-2006 at 07-30 hrs I saw snake god Shesha Nag with five heads appearing and moving in the sky. After a few seconds I saw 7 bright stars in a line moving in the sky. Soon all the 7 stars became 7 buds in the sky and they were moving from North West sky to South East sky. On the move all the seven buds were growing and when they reached in front of me all of them stopped in a line. Then the first bud started to become flower and after becoming flower it became a big fish in the sky. It was god Matsya Avatar (fish incarnation of god Vishnu). Then the second bud became flower and soon that flower became god Garuda. Then the third bud became flower and that flower became god Shiva. Then the fifth bud became flower and that flower became god Muthappan. Then the sixth bud became flower and that flower became elephant headed god, Ganesha. Soon the last bud started to become flower and after becoming flower it became a big snake god in the sky. It was snake god Nagadevta. In short one after one all the 7 buds became flowers and all 7 flowers became 7 gods. They were Matsya Avatar, Garud, Shiva, Muthappan, Ganesha, Hanuman and snake god Nagdevta. After 7 minutes all the 7 gods disappeared together in the sky.

 

Citation.

http://ireport.cnn.com/docs/DOC-1185568?ref=feeds%2Flatest

World History Timeline By Rigveda

In Hinduism on December 3, 2014 at 16:51

Of late I have been researching into the connection between Tamil and Sanatana Dharma, though I have posted a few articles on the subject earlier.

 

I have been able to confirm to myself the following.

 

1.The Tamil, Dravida and the Sanatan Dharma were closely connected and people were interacting with each other.

 

Kaala Chakra, world Tie Line by Rig Veda.png

Kaala Chakra, world Tie Line by Rig Veda.

 

2.Historical Characters like Krishna, Sahadeva and Arjuna traveled to the South and Krishna and Arjuna married Dravidian women, had  children through them.

 

3.The Tamil Kings were held in such high esteem that one of them Udiyan Cheralathan was in charge of feeding both the Kaurava and Pandava Armies during the Mahabharata Battle.

 

3.Sage Agasthya , who is presumed to have founded the Tamil Language is the same one who wrote the Rig Vedic Hymns 166 to 190.

 

4.Agasthya crossed the Vindhyas to enter Dravidian Territory.

 

5.Kumari Kandam is not a figment of Tamil Imagination.

 

6.Various references about Tamil in the Vedas,Puranas,Ramayana and Mahabharata and by Tamil in Tholkaapiyam,Silappadikaara and Manimekalai about Sanatana Dharma check out.

 

I have been able to check the dates and events with the help of Astronomical Data found in Tamil and Sanskrit Literature,Vedas, Puranas, Ramayana and Mahabharata.

 

This has been done with the help of Star Canopus, called Agasthya, mentioned in Tamil Classics and Sanskrit.

 

I wanted to cross verify this with the help of references found on Time in the Rig Veda.

 

Rig Veda , the earliest literature known to Man speaks of Time as a Wheel, thereby denoting that Time is Cyclic.

 

I have posted a detailed article on ‘Time, Non-Linear, Cyclic’

 

rvs.1.164.2:-
RV_1,164.02a sapta yuñjanti ratham ekacakram eko aśvo vahati saptanāmā |
RV_1,164.02c trinābhi cakram ajaram anarvaṃ yatremā viśvā bhuvanādhi tasthuḥ ||

Seven {sapta} are yoked {yuñjanti} to the Chariot {ratham} with a single-wheel {ekacakram} and a single horse {eko aśvo} with seven people (seven names) {saptanāmā} inside it. The wheel has three navels {trinābhi}. It is ageless {ajaram} and un-decaying {anarvam}. On it are staying {tasthuh} all the beings of the world {viśvā bhuvanādhi}.

The seven yoked entities mentioned here represents the seven days of the week constituting the first quarter of a fortnight. It is also represented in Epics and Puranas as the seven horses of the Chariot of Surya (the Sun) alluding to the seven rays of the sun (seven colors in sunlight). The seven people who rides the chariot could be an indirect references to the Seven Sages (Saptarshis). The Chariot here represent the Sun whose apparent motion in Earth’s sky is what facilitates the time measurements done using the wheel of time. The Chariot could also represents the constellation of the seven stars (Big Dipper;- Saptarshi constellation) which also helps to measure long units of time.

The ‘navel’ of the wheel mentioned here represents ‘gear’. Thus the wheel is envisaged as a machinery with three gears to change the three levels of time measurement using the same wheel of time viz. 1) hours in the day, 2) months and seasons in the year and 3) twelve zodiacal ages and four (or eight) Yugas in the Great Year (axial precession period, 25,776 years). The beings of the world depends on this wheel since the daily, yearly and precessional changes in the time indicated by this wheel of time affect all beings.

 

rvs.1.164.3:-
RV_1,164.03a imaṃ ratham adhi ye sapta tasthuḥ saptacakraṃ sapta vahanty aśvāḥ |
RV_1,164.03c sapta svasāro abhi saṃ navante yatra gavāṃ nihitā sapta nāma ||

In this Chariot {ratham}, resides {tasthuh} the seven {sapta}. It has seven-wheels {saptachakram} and is driven by seven horses {sapta vahanty aśvāḥ}. The Seven sisters { sapta svasāro} praises the Cow {gavāṃ} and the seven people (seven names) {sapta nāma}.

This verse again describes the Seven Sages (Seven Names) residing in the Chariot (the Sun) this time mentioned as having seven horses (like in Epics and Puranas) and as having seven wheels. The Seven Sisters represent river Sarasvati and the nearby rivers and is a theme repeated in Vedas. The Cow represents the Year. The significance of seven wheels is unknown. It could mean the seven zodiacal ages that had elapsed during the composition of this hymn.

 

rvs.1.164.11:-
RV_1,164.11a dvādaśāraṃ nahi taj jarāya varvarti cakram pari dyām ṛtasya |
RV_1,164.11c ā putrā agne mithunāso atra sapta śatāni viṃśatiś ca tasthuḥ ||by length of time,

By Universal-Order {ṛtasya} this wheel {cakram} of time having twelve-spokes {dvādaśāraṃ} revolves {varvarti} in the sky {dyām}, without ever weakening or aging {nahi taj jarāya}. O Agni {agne}, On it stays, in pairs {mithunāso}, 720 sons {putrā}.

The word Rta, means Universal Order, Universal Law, the Laws of Physics or the Laws of Cosmology. Here the wheel is mentioned as having twelve spokes, to measure out twelve months in a year and twelve ages in a Great Year (25,776 years). The strange number 720 mentioned here as number of sons attached to the wheel is interesting. As per Graham Hancock this could mean the 72 years taken by the wheel to move 1 degrees (71.6 approximated as 72). However 720 is also twice 360. The meaning here thus represent 720 spokes which are paired, each spoke representing 1/2 degree (36 years) and a pair of spokes representing 1 degree (72 years).

Similarly in a human lineage, if 720 sons are born at an interval of 36 years (ie father begets a sun at his 36th age, on an average) then the total duration would be 720 x 36 = 25920 years, very close to the precession period of 25,776 yeas. Due to this simplicity, the number 72, its half 36 and its half 18 with or without zeros are frequently found in the Vedas, Epics and Puranas. Similarly the multiples of 72 like 144, 216, 432 with or without zeros too are found. Besides 36 + 72 = 108 is a very special number in ancient Indian traditions.

The number of Parvas in Mahabharata is 18; number of days Kurukshetra War is fought is 18. The time gap between Kurukshetra War and submergence of Dwaraka is 36. Duration of ChaturYuga mentioned in Shanti Parva of Mahabharata is 4,320,000.

 

rvs.1.164.48:-
RV_1,164.48a dvādaśa pradhayaś cakram ekaṃ trīṇi nabhyāni ka u tac ciketa |
RV_1,164.48c tasmin sākaṃ triśatā na śaṅkavo ‘rpitāḥ ṣaṣṭir na calācalāsaḥ ||

Twelve {dvādaśa} are the major-spokes {pradhayaś}, and the wheel {cakram} is single {ekaṃ}; three {trīṇi} are the naves {nabhyā}. Who hath understood it {ka u tac ciketa}?
On it are set together 360 spokes, which cannot be loosened {na calācalāsaḥ}.

Here the Wheel of Time with 12 spokes to define 12 zodiac signs is mentioned as having 360 sub-spokes for measuring each each day of the year and each degree of movement of Vernal Equinox in every 72 years. It is mentioned as having three naves (gears of modes of operation, to measure hours in a day, months in a year and zodiacal ages in a Great Year). The verse generate curiosity in the mind of reader or reciter asking if they have any understanding of it.

Rig Veda also mentions frequently about the Cow and the Calf when it discusses about the wheel of time. Cow represent a year and Calf the residual time that is left which needs adding of few days after the expiry of few years to correct the calender. This residue is a by product of approximation of the year as 360 days, 365 days, 365.25 days or as 365.2522 days. Hence the year is rightly called the Cow and the residue the Calf.

Eg:- RV_1,164.05c (the yearling Calf {vatsa}); RV_1,164.09c the Calf {vatsa} lowed, and looked upon the Mother, the Cow.

 

References of the Wheel of Time in Mahabharata are subsequent to those found in the Vedas. They often supplement the references in the Vedas and increase their clarity.

Mbh.1.3

Three hundred and sixty cows represented by three hundred and sixty days produce one calf between them which is the year. That calf is the creator and destroyer of all. Seekers of truth following different routes, draw the milk of true knowledge with its help. Ye Aswins, ye are the creators of that calf!

The 360 cows thus represents 360 degrees and erroneously to 360 days in a year. The calf represent the residual time to complete one year. The residue in case of 360 days will be 5 days, in case of 365 days will be 1/4 day, in case of 365.25 days will be 11 minutes and so on and this chase will lead one to the secret knowledge about the precession of equinox and the wheel of time.

 

The History of World as known with the help of Rig Veda has been provided in this post at the Top.

 

Citation.

http://ancientvoice.wikidot.com/article:kalachakra-2

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 3,073 other followers

%d bloggers like this: