Languages normally maintain their identity by sticking to their roots.
But English is different.
To me it seems that it is the only Language that has borrowed from every conceivable language and yet remains the most popular despite language zealots of other languages.
It is so flexible people are able to bend it to their whims!
Not that it does not have its Literature.
One wonders at looking at English as to how it remains the common language despite its lack of originality!
Walking around in your leopard-print onesie while proudly sporting guylinermay lead to some guffaws and eye-rolling among family and friends, butwhatevs! You know you’re totes on trend.
The above sentence contains just some of the new words and terms added toOxford Dictionaries Online in our latest update which covers a whole range of topics, from the environment (green technology, eco-driving, water footprint) to sport (scudetto, Bundesliga) and even British science-fiction television programmes (Whovian). Whether you’re an infomaniac or a just a good old word lover, we’re sure you’ll find something to interest you.”
Below is a selection of our favourite terms from the latest update: click on the links to be taken to the dictionary entries.
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Sounds originate from three areas.
Studying the pattern and quality of sound from these different regions might be of help.
For someone who studies phonetics—the science of how sounds are perceived, articulated and organized in different languages—it is crucial for Miller to track the speaking tongue. Miller is a visiting assistant professor at Ohio State University and one of about 40 linguists worldwide who uses ultrasound. This portable technology, which became affordable to linguists around 2000, allows researchers to see the tongue as it moves in real time. It is one of the only medical scanning devices that can keep up with speech; MRIs, for example, are too slow.
Before ultrasound, linguists relied on x-rays and glue-on electronic probes. The x-rays failed because they exposed subjects to harmful radiation, whereas the probes were often inconvenient. “You can imagine if you walk into a village and say, ‘Look, people, all I want to do is blow-dry your tongue and glue things to it,’ people might be a little nervous,” says Diana Archangeli, a linguistics professor at the University of Arizona who has worked with ultrasound since 2004.
Thanks to this emerging technology, Miller and her colleagues have documented some of the fastest sounds in human speech: the click consonants present in many rare African languages.
Miller has investigated more than 40 different kinds of click consonants. Her research, published in 2009, organized the clicks based on attributes such as airstream (where the air comes from), place (where the mouth constricts) and manner of articulation. These changes have allowed the clicks to be properly classified into the alphabet. “Once you have the [clicks’ classifications and] subclassifications, you can begin to see similarities … to other sounds in English, for example,” Miller says. Both “t” and “k” share some characteristics of click consonants.