Posts Tagged ‘lifestyle’

Daksha Yagna Temples Daksha’s Head Severed

In Hinduism on July 23, 2014 at 10:16

Daksha Prajapathi was the Human being to be created by Lord Brahma.


While there by be differences among the Puranas on some legends, thee is no variation in the Legend of Daksha.


Shivlingam- This is the neck portion of Daksh Prajapati who was decapitated by Maha Rudra.jpg

Shivlingam- This is the neck portion of Daksh Prajapati who was decapitated by Maha Rudra.


“As mentioned in the Mahabharata and other texts of Hinduism, King Daksha Prajapati, the father of Sati, Shiva’s first wife, performed Yagna at the place where the temple is situated. Although Sati felt insulted when her father did not invited Shiva to the ritual, she attended the yagna. She found that Shiva was being spurned by her father and she burnt herself in the Yajna Kunda itself. Shiva got angry and sent his Gaṇas, the terrible demi-god Vīrabhadra and Bhadrakali to the ritual.[2] On the direction of Shiva, Virabhadra appeared with Shiva’s ganas in the midst of Daksha’s assembly like a storm wind and waged a fierce war with the gods and mortals present culminating in the beheading of Daksha, who was later given the head of a goat at the behest ofBrahma and other gods. Much of the details of the Ashvamedha Yagna (Horse Sacrifice) ofDaksha are found in the Vayu Purana.”


There are quite a few Temples in India where Daksha is reported to have performed the Daksha Yagna.


Kamakya, Assam, near Gwahati,


Kankhal, about 4 km from HaridwarUttarakhandIndia


Draksharama, Andhra Pradesh,


Draksharama Temple,Andhra Pradesh.jpg

Draksharama Temple.

and curiously,


in Kerala,Kottiyoor.


Daksha Yagna, Neyaatam,Kottiyoor.jpg

Daksha Yagna, Neyaatam,Kottiyoor.


Loard Brahma and Loard Vishnu approached Lord Siva and prayed to shed his anger. Siva became calm and agreed to restore Daksha’s life for yaaga completion. As his head could not be traced, head of a lamb was fixed on Daksha’s body and he was revived. By the grace of Loard Siva Daksha completed his yaaga.

The site of this yaaga was subsequently covered with dense forest. Centuries later hill tribes called Kurichyas were hunting deer in this forest area and he was sharpening his arrow on a stone, suddenly blood oozed out. This strange phenomenon confused the hill tribes and they reported this incident to nearby Padingitta Namboothiri’s illam. The Namboothiri well-versed in tantric lore got an intuition that an idol is lying at a particular spot. Namboothiri  told Kurichyas to inform four prominent Nair families in Manathana village. Kurichyas reach Manathana and informed Kulangarayath, Aakkal, Karimbanakkal chathoth and Thittayil families.

All four members of Nair family and Padingitta Namboothiri were went to the spot where the incident happen. Great surprise they found a bleeding stone in the forest.  Ablutions with water, ghee and milk could not control the blood flow and finally tender coconut water stopped the blood.

On consultation with astrologer they come to know that it is a holy land where Daksha conducted his yaaga and bleeding stone was a ‘swayambu idol’. It is belived that Lord Siva took form of ‘swayambu ’ next to where Devi Sathi immolated herself in the ‘yaagagni’.

The place where swayambu idol was found is known as ‘Akkare Kottyoor’. “Akkare Kottiyoor”  is opened only during the Vyskha Mahotsavam.   ‘Ikkare Kottiyoor’ is nalukettu temple complex where regular poojas happening. Regular poojas and other rituals were to be conducted and it is believed that Sri Shankaracharya who set out present day rituals with his spiritual vision.


I am curious as to how a King from Himalayas could have performed this in deep South.


To me Haridwar seems to be the correct one,Kamakya could have been the place where Sati immolated herself.


Inputs welcome.

“The name Draksharama is said to be a corrupted form of ‘Draksharama’ or the garden of Drakshaprajapathi. The place is said to depict the well-known puranic legend of Dakshaprajapathi’s Yagna. According to this, Dakshaprajapathi’s daughter Dakshayani had married Lord Siva, though Drakshaprajapathi was not very happy over it. Once Drakshaprajapathi performed a great yagna, to which, out of his ‘dambha’ and ‘darpa’, he did not invite Lord Siva. Dakshayani was anxious to attend this Yagna of her father, but at the same time could not openly attend it in as much as her Lord viz., Lord Siva, had been deliberately excluded from it. She was thus torn between two compelling desires. Finally, she resolved to attend the sacrifice even though she too had not been invited as the consort of Lord Siva.”













Slokas To Recite In The Morning.

In Hinduism on July 23, 2014 at 09:03

For a Hindu, apart from performing the Morning Sandhyavandana, these slokas are to be recited.


Hindu Prays.jpg

Hindu Prays.


One would notice that these Prayers are not only for the individual but foe the world as well.

कराग्रे वसते लक्ष्मिः करमध्ये सरस्वति ।
करमूले तु गोविन्दः प्रभाते करदर्शनम् ॥
Karaagre Vasate Lakssmih Karamadhye Sarasvati |
Karamuule Tu Govindah Prabhaate Karadarshanam ||

1: At the Top of the Hand (i.e. Palm) Dwell Devi Lakshmi and at the Middle of the Hand Dwell Devi Saraswati,
2: At the Base of the Hand Dwell Sri Govinda; Therefore one should Look at one’s Hands in the Early Morning and contemplate on Them.


समुद्रवसने देवि पर्वतस्तनमण्डले ।
विष्णुपत्नि नमस्तुभ्यं पादस्पर्शं क्षमस्वमे ॥
Samudra-Vasane Devi Parvata-Stana-Mannddale |
Vissnnu-Patni Namastubhyam Paada-sparsham Kssama-Svame ||

1: (Oh Mother Earth) The Devi Who is having Ocean as Her Garments and Mountains as Her Bosom,
2: Who is the Consort of Sri Vishnu, I Bow to You; Please Forgive Us for Touching You with Our Feet.


गङ्गेच यमुने चैव गोदावरी सरस्वति ।
नर्मदा सिन्धु कावेरी जलेऽस्मिन् संनिधिं कुरु ॥
Gangge-Ca Yamune Ca-Iva Godaavarii Sarasvati |
Narmadaa Sindhu Kaaverii Jale[a-A]smin Samnidhim Kuru ||

1: O Holy Rivers Ganga and Yamuna, and also GodavariSaraswati,
2: NarmadaSindhu and Kaveri; Please be Present in this Water Near Me (and make it Holy).


प्रातः   स्मरामि   हृदि   संस्फुरदात्मतत्त्वं
Pratah Smarami Hridi Samsphurad Aatma Tattvam.
प्रातः स्मरामि हृदि संस्फुरदात्मतत्त्वं
सच्चित्सुखं परमहंसगतिं तुरीयम् ।
यत्स्वप्नजागरसुषुप्तिमवैति नित्यं
तद्ब्रह्म निष्कलमहं   भूतसङ्घः ॥१॥
Praatah Smaraami Hrdi Samsphurad-Aatma-Tattvam
Sac-Cit-Sukham Parama-Hamsa-Gatim Turiiyam |
Yat-Svapna-Jaagara-Sussuptim-Avaiti Nityam
Tad-Brahma Nisskalam-Aham Na Ca Bhuuta-Sangghah ||1||

1.1: In the Early Morning I remember (i.e. meditate on) the Pure Essence of the Atman shining within my Heart, …
1.2: … Which gives the Bliss of Sacchidananda (Existence-Consciousness-Bliss essence), which is the Supreme Hamsa(symbolically a Pure White Swan floating in Chidakasha) and takes the mind to the state of Turiya (the fourth state, Superconsciousness),
1.3: Which knows (as a witness beyond) the three states of DreamWaking and Deep Sleepalways,
1.4: That Brahman which is without any division shines as the Iand not this body which is a collection of Pancha Bhuta(Five Elements).

प्रातर्भजामि मनसा वचसामगम्यं
वाचो विभान्ति निखिला यदनुग्रहेण ।
यन्नेतिनेतिवचनैर्निगमा अवोचं_
स्तं देवदेवमजमच्युतमाहुरग्र्यम् ॥२॥
Praatar-Bhajaami Manasaa Vacasaam-Agamyam
Vaaco Vibhaanti Nikhilaa Yad-Anugrahenna |
Yan-Neti-Neti-Vacanair-Nigamaa Avocam_
s-Tam Deva-Devam-Ajam-Acyutam-Aahur-Agryam ||2||

2.1: In the Early Morning I worship That, Which is beyond the Mind and the Speech,
2.2: (And) By Whose Grace all Speech shine,
2.3: Who is expressed in the scriptures by statement “Neti Neti”, since He cannot be adequately expressed by Words,
2.4: Who is called the God of the GodsUnbornInfallible (i.e. Imperishable) and Foremost (i.e. Primordial).

प्रातर्नमामि तमसः परमर्कवर्णं
पूर्णं सनातनपदं पुरुषोत्तमाख्यम् ।
यस्मिन्निदं जगदशेषमशेषमूर्तौ
रज्ज्वां भुजङ्गम इव प्रतिभासितं वै ॥३॥
Praatar-Namaami Tamasah Param-Arka-Varnnam
Puurnnam Sanaatana-Padam Purussottama-[A]akhyam |
Yasminn-Idam Jagad-Ashessam-Ashessa-Muurtau
Rajjvaam Bhujanggama Iva Pratibhaasitam Vai ||3||

3.1: In the Early Morning I Salute That Darkness (signifying without any Form) which is of the nature of Supreme Illumination,
3.2: Which is Purna (Full), Which is the Primordial Abode, and Which is called Purushottama (the Supreme Purusha),
3.3: In Whom this endless World is settled endlessly (i.e. from the beginning of creation), …
3.4: … and (this endless World) appear like a Snake over the Rope (of the Primordial Essence).

श्लोकत्रयमिदं पुण्यं लोकत्रयविभूषणम् ।
प्रातःकाले पठेद्यस्तु  गच्छेत्परमं पदम् ॥४॥
Shloka-Trayam-Idam Punnyam Loka-Traya-Vibhuussannam |
Praatah-Kaale Patthed-Yas-Tu Sa Gacchet-Paramam Padam ||4||

4.1: These three Slokas, which are Holy (unites one with the Whole), and the ornaments of the Three Worlds,
4.2: He who recites in the early Morninggoes to (i.e. attain) the Supreme Abode (of Brahman).

ब्रह्मा   मुरारिस्त्रिपुरान्तकारी
Brahma Murari Tripurantakari
ब्रह्मा मुरारिस्त्रिपुरान्तकारी
भानुः शशी भूमिसुतो बुधश्च ।
गुरुश्च शुक्रः शनिराहुकेतवः
कुर्वन्तु सर्वे मम सुप्रभातम् ॥१॥
Brahmaa Muraaris-Tripuraantakaarii
Bhaanuh Shashii Bhuumisuto Budhash-Ca |
Gurush-Ca Shukrah Shani-Raahu-Ketavah
Kurvantu Sarve Mama Suprabhaatam ||1||

1.1: (In the early morning I remember) The Devas BrahmaMurari (The enemy of demon Mura, refers to Sri Krishna or Vishnu) and Tripurantakari (The One Who has brought an end to Tripurasuras, refers to Sri Shiva), …
1.2: … The Planets Bhanu (The Sun), Shashi (The Moon), Bumisuta (Mars) and Budha (Mercury), …
1.3: … Guru (Jupiter), Shukra (Venus), Shani (Saturn), Rahu and Ketu, …
1.4: May all of them make my Morning Auspicious.

भृगुर्वसिष्ठः क्रतुरङ्गिराश्च
मनुः पुलस्यः पुलहश्च गौतमः ।
रैभ्यो मरीचिश्च्यवनश्च दक्षः
कुर्वन्तु सर्वे मम सुप्रभातम् ॥२॥
Bhrgur-Vasisstthah Kratur-Anggiraash-Ca
Manuh Pulasyah Pulahash-Ca Gautamah |
Raibhyo Mariicish-Cyavanash-Ca Dakssah
Kurvantu Sarve Mama Suprabhaatam ||2||

2.1: (In the early morning I remember) The Sages BhriguVasisthaKratu and Angira, …
2.2: … ManuPulasyaPulaha and Gautama, …
2.3: … RaibhyaMarichiChyavana and Daksha, …
2.4: May all of them make my Morning Auspicious.

सनत्कुमारः सनकः सनन्दनः
सनातनोऽप्यासुरिपिङ्गलौ  ।
सप्त स्वराः सप्त रसातलानि
कुर्वन्तु सर्वे मम सुप्रभातम् ॥३॥
Sanatkumaarah Sanakah Sanandanah
Sanaatano[a-A]py[i]-Aasuri-Pinggalau Ca |
Sapta Svaraah Sapta Rasaatalaani
Kurvantu Sarve Mama Suprabhaatam ||3||

3.1: (In the early morning I remember) The Sages SanatkumaraSanakaSanandana, …
3.2: … SanatanaAsuri and Pingala,
3.3: The seven Swaras (Musical Notes) and the seven Nether Worlds,
3.4: May all of them make my Morning Auspicious.

सप्तार्णवाः सप्त कुलाचलाश्च
सप्तर्षयो द्वीपवनानि सप्त ।
भूरादिकृत्वा भुवनानि सप्त
कुर्वन्तु सर्वे मम सुप्रभातम् ॥४॥
Sapta-[A]arnnavaah Sapta Kula-Acalaash-Ca
Sapta-Rssayo Dviipa-Aanaani Sapta |
Bhuur-Aadi-Krtvaa Bhuvanaani Sapta
Kurvantu Sarve Mama Suprabhaatam ||4||

4.1: (In the early morning I remember) The seven Seas, the seven Kula Parvatas (seven Holy Mountains), …
4.2: … The Saptarshis (seven Sages), seven Forests, …
4.3: … The seven Worlds starting with Bhur Loka,
4.4: May all of them make my Morning Auspicious.

पृथ्वी सगन्धा सरसास्तथापः
स्पर्शी  वायुर्ज्वलितं  तेजः ।
नभः सशब्दं महता सहैव
कुर्वन्तु सर्वे मम सुप्रभातम् ॥५॥
Prthvii Sa-Gandhaa Sa-Rasaas-Tatha-Apah
Sparshii Ca Vaayur-Jvalitam Ca Tejah |
Nabhah Sa-Shabdam Mahataa Sahai[a-E]va
Kurvantu Sarve Mama Suprabhaatam ||5||

5.1: (In the early morning I remember) Mother Nature manifesting as the Prithivi (Earth) which is connected with Gandha(Smell), Apah (Water) which is connected with Rasa (Taste), …
5.2: … Vayu (Air, Wind) which is connected with Sparsha (Touch), Tejah (Fire) which is connected with Light and …
5.3: … Sky which is connected with Sabda (Sound); I remember all these Mahat Tatvas (Material Energy),
5.4: May all of them make my Morning Auspicious.

इत्थं प्रभाते परमं पवित्रं
पठेत् स्मरेद्वा शृणुयाच्च भक्त्या ।
दुःस्वप्ननाशस्त्विह सुप्रभातं
कुर्वन्तु सर्वे मम सुप्रभातम् ॥६॥
Ittham Prabhaate Paramam Pavitram
Patthet Smared-Vaa Shrnnuyaac-Ca Bhaktyaa |
Duhsvapna-Naashastv-Iha Suprabhaatam
Kurvantu Sarve Mama Suprabhaatam ||6||

6.1: In this manner, in the early Morning, this very purifying Hymn, …
6.2: … on recitingremembering or listening with Devotion,
6.3: … has the quality of destroying bad dreams and making the morning Auspicious,
6.4: … making the Morning Auspicious by the grace of the Divine.

सूर्याष्टकम्   -   आदिदेव   नमस्तुभ्यं
Suryashtakam: Adi Deva Namastubhyam
आदिदेव नमस्तुभ्यं प्रसीद मम भास्कर ।
दिवाकर नमस्तुभ्यं प्रभाकर नमोऽस्तु ते ॥१॥
Aadi-Deva Namastubhyam Prasiida Mama Bhaaskara |
Divaakara Namastubhyam Prabhaakara Namostu Te ||1||

1.1: (Salutations to Sri Suryadeva) My Salutations to You O Adideva (the first God), Please be gracious to me O Bhaskara(the Shining One),
1.2: My Salutations to You, O Divakara (the maker of the Day), and again Salutations to You, O Prabhakara (the maker of Light).

सप्ताश्वरथमारूढं प्रचण्डं कश्यपात्मजम् ।
श्वेतपद्मधरं देवं तं सूर्यं प्रणमाम्यहम् ॥२॥
Sapta-Ashva-Ratham-Aaruuddham Pracannddam Kashyapa-[A]atmajam |
Shveta-Padma-Dharam Devam Tam Suuryam Prannamaamy[i]-Aham ||2||

2.1: (Salutations to Sri Suryadeva) You are mounted on a Chariot driven by seven Horses, You are excessively Energeticand the Son of sage Kashyapa,
2.2: You are the Deva Who holds a White Lotus (in Your Hand); I Salute You, O Suryadeva.

लोहितं रथमारूढं सर्वलोकपितामहम् ।
महापापहरं देवं तं सूर्यं प्रणमाम्यहम् ॥३॥
Lohitam Ratham-Aaruuddham Sarva-Loka-Pitaamaham |
Mahaa-Paapa-Haram Devam Tam Suuryam Prannamaamy[i]-Aham ||3||

3.1: (Salutations to Sri Suryadeva) You are Reddish in colour, and mounted on a Chariot; You are the Grandfather of all persons (being the Adideva, the first God),
3.2: You are the Deva Who removes great Sins from our minds (by Your Illumination); I Salute You, O Suryadeva.

त्रैगुण्यं  महाशूरं ब्रह्मविष्णुमहेश्वरम् ।
महापापहरं देवं तं सूर्यं प्रणमाम्यहम् ॥४॥
Trai-Gunnyam Ca Mahaa-Shuuram Brahma-Vissnnu-Maheshvaram |
Mahaa-Paapa-Haram Devam Tam Suuryam Prannamaamy[i]-Aham ||4||

4.1: (Salutations to Sri Suryadeva) You are the Heroic One having the Three Gunas of BrahmaVishnu and Maheswara (i.e. Qualities of Creation, Sustenance and Dissolution),
4.2: You are the Deva Who removes great Sins from our minds (by Your Illumination); I salute You, O Suryadeva.

बृंहितं तेजःपुञ्जं  वायुमाकाशमेव  ।
प्रभुं  सर्वलोकानां तं सूर्यं प्रणमाम्यहम् ॥५॥
Brmhitam Tejah-Pun.jam Ca Vaayum-Aakaashame[a-I]va Ca |
Prabhum Ca Sarva-Lokaanaam Tam Suuryam Prannamaamy[i]-Aham ||5||

5.1: (Salutations to Sri Suryadeva) You are a massively Enlarged Mass of Fiery Energy, which (i.e. that energy) pervades everywhere like Vayu (Air) and Akasha (Sky),
5.2: You are the Lord of all the WorldsI salute You, O Suryadeva.

बन्धुकपुष्पसङ्काशं हारकुण्डलभूषितम् ।
एकचक्रधरं देवं तं सूर्यं प्रणमाम्यहम् ॥६॥
Bandhuka-Pusspa-Sangkaasham Haara-Kunnddala-Bhuussitam |
Eka-Cakra-Dharam Devam Tam Suuryam Prannamaamy[i]-Aham ||6||

6.1: (Salutations to Sri Suryadeva) You appear beautiful like a Red Hibiscus Flower and You are adorned with Garland andEar-Rings,
6.2: You are the Deva Who holds a Discus in one Hand; I salute You, O Suryadeva.

तं सूर्यं जगत्कर्तारं महातेजः प्रदीपनम् ।
महापापहरं देवं तं सूर्यं प्रणमाम्यहम् ॥७॥
Tam Suuryam Jagat-Kartaaram Mahaa-Tejah Pradiipanam |
Mahaa-Paapa-Haram Devam Tam Suuryam Prannamaamy[i]-Aham ||7||

7.1: (Salutations to Sri Suryadeva) You, O Suryadeva are the Agent behind the World (i.e. Who gives energy for action to everyone), You enliven others with great Energy (and thus imparting the ability to work),
7.2: You are the Deva Who removes great Sins from our minds (by Your Illumination); I salute You, O Suryadeva.

तं सूर्यं जगतां नाथं ज्ञानविज्ञानमोक्षदम् ।
महापापहरं देवं तं सूर्यं प्रणमाम्यहम् ॥८॥
Tam Suuryam Jagataam Naatham Jnyaana-Vijnyaana-Mokssadam |
Mahaa-Paapa-Haram Devam Tam Suuryam Prannamaamy[i]-Aham ||8||

8.1: (Salutations to Sri Suryadeva) You, O Suryadeva are the Lord of the World, Who grants Understanding and Knowledgewhich leads to Liberation,
8.2: You are the Deva Who removes great Sins from our minds (by Your Illumination); I salute You, O Suryadeva.


Exchange Wives, Rig Veda

In Hinduism on July 8, 2014 at 06:25

One has to bear in mind that , in a society, we have many issues, including the most personal issues of an individual.


It is the duty of an organized society to take cognizance of his and offer a solution that would solve the individual’s problem and at the same time ensure the smooth function of the Society.


Rig Veda Manuscripts. Bhandarkar collections.jpg

Rig Veda Manuscripts. Bhandarkar collections.


A society consists of individuals.


And there might be people who may not be virtuous as well in , though the majority are virtuous.


This is applicable to any society of any time frame.


One has to bear in mind this fact when one talks about the Vedic India and its people.


Ravana existed when Lord Rama lived.


Duryodhana lived along side Yudhistra.


So when one reads the Vedas, these facts are to be borne in mind.


The Vedic society consisted of virtuous men and women;it also had people of lowly character.


Then we have social issues like Drinking, prostitution, gambling and sexual profligacy.


These belong to the people of bad character.


There are social issues like women being deserted by husbands, Adulterous relationships.


These are dealt by the Vedas and Smritis with Injunctions against them.


There are also some issue for which the individual is powerless to handle.


For example, impotency, inability to conceive.


Under such circumstances, the society must offer measures to ensure that the individual problem is resolved with  least impact to the society.


One such issue is childlessness and Impotency,


This problem was dealt with by Hinduism during the Vedic period in a practical way.


If a husband is not capable to produce sperms (i.e. Impotent) ,then he has the right to order his wife.,To copulate with other man to beget a child [RigVed Mantra 10 Sutra 10)


This is being quoted to vilify Hinduism and the Vedas.


First there is no concept of order in marital relations in Vedas.
Second, Niyog was a social custom for an emergency situation which was applicable only when all other options of getting a child – including adoption – had been exhausted and getting a child was necessary for couple for any valid reason.
Third, it could happen only if the society permits this. This cannot be independent decision of couple alone.
Fourth, this is exactly that was practiced in all societies of world including Islam. For example, Hazrat Ismail was born when Hazrat Ibrahim impregnated his slave. Hazrat Muhammad got his son from Maria who was his slave and not one of his multiple wives.

Q b) Is it not what the above Mantra says? What is the true meaning of the Mantra?

Answer: No, the mantra only says that if someone does not consider himself to be able to perform his duties in a dual relation, he should allow the other person to seek other partner. This is a very broad principle that can apply in all situations of life – business partnership, master-servant, king-subject or marital relationship etc. Earlier people have tried to interpret this to justify Niyog and avoid prostitution. But Vedas do not get into such details.

Q c) What does niyoga means? Is it not exchanging wives?

Answer: Vedas do not have any word like Niyog. Niyog was a social custom invented for those times where people wanted a child to protect their property, have safety in old age etc but were unable to get a child due to some reason. Niyog literally means a union. It is understood to mean a temporary appointment. This is social custom and not a word from Vedas. In any case, even the social custom of Niyog was to PROHIBIT wife exchanging and hence means exactly opposite of what seem to perceived. In today’s society, when variety of new methods of fertility as well as options for adoption exists and the concept of patriarchal kingdoms has vanished, Niyog is not more applicable even as a social concept, in same manner as one need not wear dress of hide-skins when you live near a tailor shop and have money to by dresses.

Besides , the Rik Veda also say that if at all the women has taken a second man as the new husband(under the condition of first husband being impotent), her first husband cannot have any physical relation with her and he acts as her brother in relation.


Q d) What does the Mantra say?

Coming to current mantra 10.10.10 of Rigveda, it says:
Anyam – someone else
Ichhasva – desire
Subhage – one desiring happiness
Patim – Leader
Mat – Apart from me

Now Pati is a broad term – king is a pati, general is a pati, employer is a pati, parents are pati. Anyone who is supposed to take responsibility is a Pati.




Image credit.




Iyers Ayyangars No Sanction Vedas Smriti

In Hinduism on July 7, 2014 at 13:23

The term Iyer and Ayyangars,spelled as Aiyer and Iengars as well, are two Brahmin  communities in South India.


Caste Mark of Ayyangars.jpg

Caste Mark of Ayyangars.


The Iyers worship Shiva and the Ayyangars Vishnu.


How these names of these communities came into use?


There is no reference to these communities in the Vedas or the Smrtis.


The Vedas do not provide a distinction between those who worship Vishnu or Shiva,


Those who follow the Vedas are known as Vaidikas, which includes everyone who follows the Vedas.


Those who follow the Smritis are Smarthas.


In this correct sense those who worship Ship Visnu and Shiva or any other God mentioned in the Vedas are Smarthas and Vaidikas (this refers to Brahmin community.


It is suggested in the Smriti that Brahmins use the surname as  Sharma, Kshatriyas, Varma and the Vaisyas, Gupta.


There are no other suggestions on this issue.


One can also find , among the Brahmins of the North, to include the name of the profession,or the type of Yaga they performs, like Vajpayee-Those who perform Vajapaya Yaga: then there are others who include the Rishis name,like Kak, to indicate Garga, Gargi.


The concept of surnames do not exist in India.


This has been a recent development.


The custom of keeping the Father’s name in the initial is also recent, say about 200 years, though there is no record of this.


The Smritis have described the elaborate system of identifying one, in the form of Abhivadanam, where the first ancestors,three important lineage, the part of Veda one is practicing, the commentator whose commentary is being followed and one’s name.


One would not find Father’s name here also.


One can find the Grandfathers’ name if the individual is second born;if first-born the Family Deity’s Name will be known.


It is traditional to keep the name of the Family Deity to the eldest child(Male))and paternal Grandfather’s name to the second Male.


Hinduism forbids the disclosure of personal information to all and sundry.


They can be used for Abhichaara Prayoga by vested interests.


Abhivadanam is to be done for elders of the same community and Brahmins and only those who can Bless you with Veda Swasthi Mantra(Blessings from the Veda)


As far as I could check the terms Iyers, Ayyangars seem to have evolved during the middle ages, some say during Ramanuja’s period, though there seems to be no solid evidence on this.


There terms were formulated to build an Endemic group by some.


Unfortunately this is being practiced to-day to divide Hindu Brahmins ans Iyers ans Ayyangars, North Indian Brahmin and a South Indian Brahmin.


These have no sanction of the Vedas nor the Smriti.


Inputs welcome.


Please read my post on Abhivadanam.


However in chaste Tamil Iyan means one who realized the Brahman, one of better upbringing , worthy of respect-no religious connotations are intended .


Burn Poverty Daridra Dahana Stotra.

In Hinduism on July 2, 2014 at 09:17


Poverty is Cruel, more cruel is to be poor when one is young.





Poverty saps everything you  possess, intelligence, looks, determination.


Remove Poverty, you shine in your natural splendor.


Theory says Money is not important.


Practical Life is different.


Hinduism is aware of this,though branded as setting its sight on the Moon, it has its feet on the ground.


Chant this Daridra Dahana Stotra, and burn poverty.


This is the meaning of the Stotra.


Follow the procedure as mentioned in my other posts on Mantras, filed under Hinduism.




Visweswaraya narakarnava tharanaya,
Karnamruthaya Sasi shekara dharanaya,
Karpoorakanthi dhavalaya jada dharaya,
Daridrya Dukha dahanaya Nama Shivaya. 1

I salute that Shiva, who burns the sorrow of poverty,
Who is the lord of the universe,
Who helps us to cross the sea of hell,
Who is pleasant to the ears,
Who wears the crescent as ornament,
Who is as white as the flame of camphor,
Who wears uncombed and uncut hair.

Gouri priyaya rajaneesa kala dharaya,
Kalanthakaya Bhujagadhipa kankanaya,
Gangadharaya Gaja raja Vimardhanaya,
Daridrya Dukha dahanaya Nama Shivaya. 2

I salute that Shiva who burns the sorrow of poverty,
Who is the darling of Goddess Parvathy,
Who wears the crescent of the lord of night,
Who was the death to the god of death,
Who wears the king of serpents as bangles,
Who carries the Ganga on his head,
And who killed the king of elephants.

Baktha priyaya bhava roga bhayapahaya,
Ugraya durgabhava sagara tharanaya,
Jyothirmayaya guna Nama nruthyakaya,
Daridrya Dukha dahanaya Nama Shivaya. 3

I salute that Shiva who burns the sorrow of poverty,
Who is loved by his devotees,
Who destroys fear of diseases in human life,
Who is fearsome,
Who makes us cross the difficult ocean of life,
Who is personification of light,
And who dances in his good names.

Charmambaraya sava basma vilepanaya,
Phalekshanaya mani kundala mandithaya,
Manjeera pasa yugalaya jada dharaya,
Daridrya Dukha dahanaya Nama Shivaya. 4

I salute that Shiva who burns the sorrow of poverty,
Who wears hide,
Who applies ash of burning corpses,
Who has an eye on his forehead,
Who wears ear studs of precious stones,
Who wears Jingling leg bangles on his legs,
And who wears uncombed and uncut hair.

Panchananaya Phani raja vibhooshanaya,
Hemamsukaya bhuvana thraya mandithaya,
Ananda Bhumi varadaya Thamomayaya,
Daridrya Dukha dahanaya Nama Shivaya. 5

I salute that Shiva who burns the sorrow of poverty,
Who has five faces,
Who wears king of serpents as ornament,
Who wears cloth made of gold,
Who is the ornament for the three worlds,
Who is the giver of boons,
Who is the storehouse of happiness,
And who is personification of darkness.

Gouri vilasabhuvanaya maheswaraya,
Panchananaya saranagatha kalpakaya,
Sarvaya sarvajagatam adhipaya thasmai,
Daridrya Dukha dahanaya Nama Shivaya. 6

I salute that Shiva, who burns the sorrow of poverty,
Who is the world of Gouri’s grace,
Who is the greatest God,
Who is like a lion,
Who is the wish giving tree,
To those who seek his protection,
Who is everything,
And who is the king of all worlds.

Bhanupriyaya bhava sagara tharanaya,
Kalanthakaya kamalasana poojithaya,
Nethra thrayaya shubha lakshana lakshithaya,
Daridrya Dukha dahanaya Nama Shivaya. 7

I salute that Shiva who burns the sorrow of poverty,
Who is dear to the Sun God,
Who helps us to cross the ocean of birth,
Who killed the god of death,
Who is worshipped by Lord Brahma,
And who aims at having all good signs.

Ramapriyaya Raghu nada Vara Pradhaya,
Nagapriyaya narakarnava tharanaya,
Punyesu punya barithaya surarchithaya,
Daridrya Dukha dahanaya Nama Shivaya. 8

I salute that Shiva who burns the sorrow of poverty,
Who is dear to Rama,
Who granted boons to Rama,
Who is partial to serpents,
Who destroys the Naraka,
Who is holiest among the holy,
And who is worshipped by Gods.

Vasishtena Krutham stotram,
Sarva sampathkaram param,
Trisandhyam ya padenithyam,
Sa hi swargamavapnyuth.

Result of reading.
This prayer composed by sage Vasishta,
Is one which gives all types of wealth,
And whoever chants it at dawn, noon and dusk,
Would enjoy the pleasures of heaven.

Image Credit.





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