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Posts Tagged ‘Krishna’

Mahabharata 1.8 Million Words In One Verse

In Hinduism on August 4, 2014 at 18:27

Vyasa wrote the Mahabharata in 100,000 Verses, slokas.

 

He has also written the same Mahabharata in different lengths.

 

 

He Compiled the Vedas.

 

Just to have an idea of ho voluminous the Mahabharata is see at  the end of the post.

 

No look this epic of 1.8 Million words in just about 93 Sanskrit Letters!

 

एकश्लोकीमहाभारतम्

आदौ पाण्डववधार्तराष्ट्रजननं लाक्षागृहे दाहनं
द्यूते श्रीहरणं वने विहरणं मत्स्यालये वर्धनम् ।
लीलागोग्रहणं रणे वितरणं सन्धिक्रियाजृम्भणं
भीष्मद्रोणसुयोधनादिमथनं एतन्महाभारतम् ॥

 

“Adau Paandava DhaarthaRaastra Jananam LakshaaGruheDahanam

Dhyootha SreeHaranam VaneVicharanam MatsaaLaye VarthaNam

Govinda Priya BhaashaNaadi Phalitham SandhiKriyaaJrumbhanam

BheeshmaDrona Suyodhanaadhi Hananam ChaitanMahaBharatham”

 

(With) the birth of sons of Pandu and Drthrashtra and (failed attempt) of burning alive Pandavas) in a wax house, Wealth grabbed illegally, exile in forests (of Pandavas), retreat in the house of Matsya (Kingdom) cows stolen and rescued, in battle, Attempts for compromise (between the Pandavas and Karavas by Lord Krishna) failed, Bhishma, Drona Duryodhana and others killed, is MAHABHARATA..

 

Its longest version consists of over 100,000 shloka or over 200,000 individual verse lines (each shloka is a couplet), and long prose passages. About 1.8 million words in total, the Mahabharata is roughly ten times the length of the Iliad and Odyssey combined, or about four times the length of the Ramayana. W. J. Johnson has compared the importance of the Mahabharata to world civilization to that of the Bible, the works of Shakespeare, the works of Homer, Greek drama, or the Qur’an.(www.crystal Links.com)

 

Vyasa wrote two versions, one is the Bharata Charitra and another is The Mahabharata which is popular.

4.Vyasa wrote The Mahabharata with sub-stoiries in 100, 000 slokas for Mankind,

He also wrote it in 24, 000 slokas without the substories.

He wrote again  in a compact form containing 150  slokas,

This is called the Anugramanigathya and is in the First Parva.

4.Vyasa released further editions of the Mahabharata.

One for the Deva Loka with 300000 slokas.

Another for Pithr Loka with 150000.

With 1400000  for the Rakshasas and Yakshas and 100,00 for humanity,

 

Citation.

 

 

http://www.crystalinks.com/Mahabharata.html

Srimad Bhagavatham Of Vyasa In One Sloka

In Hinduism on August 4, 2014 at 07:15

Vyasa is a Master of Prose.

 

 

Vyasa in Sanskrit means exposition, Prose.

 

The entire Bhagavatham is contained in this Sloka.

 

Adau Devakeedevi GarbhaJananm Gopi GruheVardhanam

MaayaaPoothana JeevithaApaharanam  Govardhanodharanam

KamsaChedana Kauravaadi  Hanam Kuntee Suthaa Paalanam

HyethadBhagavatham Puraana Kathitham Sree Krishna LeelaAmrutham”

 

Lord Krishna was born to Devaki,

 

Grew up in the Homes of the Gopikas,

 

Killed Boothana,

 

Lifted Govardhana Mountain,

 

Killed Kamsa, killed th Kauravas, protected and nurtured Kunti‘s children( Pandavas)

 

This is the necar of Lord Krishna’s Divine Play.

 

Mahabharata Events Verified Timeline Some Issues

In Hinduism on July 30, 2014 at 23:21

I have posted the Ramayana Timeline verified by astronomical data.

 

 

To corroborate that further I shall be posting articles with Archelogical, Zoological evidence apart from references from Indian and Foreign literature.

 

After I posted on Ramayana Dateline, I have been asked to write on Mahabharata on similar lines.

 

This is a minefield.

 

One has to be remember that Ramayana had taken place in Treta Yuga while the Mahabharata took place in the Dwapara Yuga.

 

Treta Yuga lasted for 1,296,000 years and the duration of the Dvāpara-yuga is  864,000 years.

 

Mahabharata War took place towards the close of the Dwapara Yuga.

 

That is to say that the Ramayana and Mahabharata were separated by a minimum of 21,59000 Years.

 

Ramayana Events Dateline.

 

Rama’s Birth Date 4th December 7323 B.C

Rama-Seeta Marriage 7th April 7307 B.C

Rama Exiled 29th November 7306

B.C.Hanuman enters Lanka 1st September 7292 B.C

Hanuman meets Seeta 2nd September 7292 B.C.

Sethu (Bridge) built 26-30th Oct. 7292 B.C

The War begins 3rd November 7292 B.C

Kumbhakarna is killed 7th November 7292 B.C.

Ravana is killed by Rama 15th November 7292 B.C.Rama returns to Ayodhya

6th December 7292 B.C.(Vartak,P.V. 1999)”

 

Now The Mahabharta Events Timeline.

 

Hereunder is provided a short table dates of important Mahabharat events in years. (Dates and Tithis in years in Rama Samvat assuming Shri Rama Samvat 1st January. 1 equivalent to 1st Jan 7323 B.C. Rama’s birth date has been conclusively proved to be 4th Dec. 7323 B.C.( “Vastav Ramayan“).

EVENT                                      DATE       
                                      

Going to forest                       4th Sept. 5574 BC

Kitmeet Killed                        7th Sept. 5574 BC

Going underground                     19th May 5562  BC

Keechak killed                        1st April 5561 BC

Anukeechak-Massacre                   2nd April 5561 BC

End of secret life                    9th April 5561 BC

Cows stolen                           15th April 5561 BC

Arjuna exposed                        16th April 5561 BC

All pandavas exposed                  19th April 5561 BC

Marriage of Uttara                    4th May. 
& Abhimanyu.

Krishna set out for a treaty.         27th Sept.

Stay at Upaplavya                     27th Sept.

Stay at Vrukshthala                   28th Sept.

Dinner to Brahmins                    29th Sept.

Entry into Hastinapur                 30th Sept.

Krishna meets Kunti etc.              1st Oct.

Invited for meeting                   2nd Oct.

First meeting                         3rd Oct.

Second meeting and an attempt         4th Oct.   
to arrest Krishna.

Third meeting Vishvaroopa             7th Oct.

Stay at Kunti                         8th Oct.

Krishna meets Karna. War              9th Oct.
    fixed.

Krishna returns                       9th Oct.

Pandavas preparation                  11th Oct.  
Balaram's visit.

Mahabharat war started                16th Oct.

Abhimanyu killed                      28th Oct. 5561 BC.

End of War                            2nd November 5561 B.C.

Yudhishthira crowned                  16th Nov. 5551 BC.

Bhishma expired                       22nd Dec. 5561 BC

Pandava  campaign                     15th Jan. 5560 BC  
for wealth

Parikshita born                       28th Jan. 5560 BC

Pandavas return                       25th Feb. 5560 BC

Ashvamedh Deeksha.                    1st March 5560 BC

Return of Arjuna Horse                15th Jan. 5560 BC

Ashvamedh yajna                       22nd Feb. 5559 BC

Dhrutarashtra went to forest          18th Aug. 5545 BC

Pandavas visited Kunti                18th Aug. 5543 BC
Vidura expired

Death of Kunti, Dhrutarashtra,        Sept./Oct. 5541 BC 
and Gandhari

Yadava Massacre                       5525 B.C.Parikshit Dead                        5499 B.C.

-P.V.Vartak, Swayambhu (in Marathi), Ved Vidnyana Mandal, Pune

All the twelve planets confirm their said positions on 16th October 5561 years B.C. along with two Amavasyas, two eclipses, Kshaya Paksha and a Comet. Thus, in all 18 mathematical positions fix the same date. Therefore, we have to accept this date of the Mahabharat War, if we want to be scientific. Please note that all the twelve planets will come in the same positions again only after 2229 crores of years. That means it will never happen again in the life of our earth, because life of the earth is only 400 crores of years. So the date of the Mahabharat War is pin-pointed as 16th October 5561 B.C..

 

The date of Ramayana  is , the last recoded event for discusssion here, is ,

 

“Ravana is killed by Rama 15th November 7292 B.C.Rama returns to Ayodhya”

 

For Mahabharata,

 Pandavas Going to forest                       4th Sept. 5574 BC is the earliest event taken for discussion here.



The dudifference between the last event of Ramayana and the first event of Mahabharata event is,

7292-/5574 is only 1718 years!

So the difference between the last event of Ramayana and the first Mahabharata event is 7292-/5574. is 1718 Years!

Now to confound further,

'Yet cross indexing the various Purans and the Astrological data supported by actual Astronomical phenomena like Rama‘s Birth chart,Eclipses during Ramayana andMahabharata  forces one to the conclusion that Lord Rama’s Death preceded Lord Krishna’s  only by 200 years."

This anomaly can be answered only if one follows the concept of the theory of Cyclic Theory of Time.

Even if we accept this, there is still the point of reconciling 200 years.

But again, as Time calculation depends on the position of the observer, the dates mentioned and being proved n=by us might vary because our position differs from the recorded dates of Ramayana and Mahabharata.



Citaton.
http://www.hindunet.org/hindu_history/ancient/mahabharat/mahab_vartak.html


http://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2012/10/16/time-non-linear-3-hinduism-explains-how/

Independent Tamil Culture Myth

In Hinduism, Tamils on July 24, 2014 at 10:54

The Myth of an independent,secular(?) Dravidian Culture has been and is propagated.

 

Let us see whether the Statement that the Dravidian, more specifically the Tamil Culture was/is independent of Sanatana Dharma, on the basis of historical and archaeological evidence.

Panyan Coin.jpg.

Pandyan coin depicting a temple between hill symbols and elephant, Pandyas, Sri Lanka, 1st century CE.

 

1.Tamil quotes Vedas right from the Sangam Age.

 

2.Vedas and Sanskrit quote Tamil and the land of Tamils, pointedly at Dravida, meaning south of the Vindhyas.

 

3.The earliest recorded Tamil Kingdom was Pandya Kingdom.

 

Lord Krishna visited the capital of Pandyas , Madurai.

 

Arjuna married a Pandyan Princess during his pilgrimage(see my post on this-Arjuna’s Pilgrimage)

 

Ancient Chera Kingdom was from 400 BC to 397 AD.

 

Sangam Cholas 300 BC to 240 AD.

 

Central Pandya  550 BC to 1311 AD.

 

The earliest Pandya to be found in epigraph is Nedunjeliyan, figuring in the Minakshipuram record assigned from the 2nd to the 1st centuries BC.

The record documents a gift of rock-cut beds, to a Jain ascetic.

Punch marked coins in the Pandya country dating from around the same time have also been found.

 

Jainism came after Vedic Period.

 

So when Jainism had made inroads the religion that was in existence was Hinduism even in Tamil Nadu.

 

This may be known by the gifts made by the Pandya Kings to Brahmins(Vediyar, Anthanar)

 

Again we have a reference to a Chera King who participated in the Mahabharata war;he fed both the Kaurava and Pandya Armies.

 

“Reference to Perum Chorru Udiyan Cheral Adan, in the second verse of thePurananuru, an earliest text of Sangam literature, is about his feeding the two armies of the Mahabharata battle.

 

And PT Srinivasa Iyengar states that Perunchoruudiyan Chealathan had granted 100 Velis (one Veli equals 100 acres) of land to Brahmins on the condition that he should see the smoke from the Homa from the Brahimn Agraharam daily

 

He also performed Tharpana, rituals for the dead, to those  who died in the Mahabharata war.

 

Hence the religion that was practiced in Tamil Nadu was Sanatana Dharma and not an independent Tamil Culture.

 

Based on the Aryan invasion theory, it was assumed that only Apasthamba came to the South that Hinduism was introduced.

 

This is incorrect.

 

The Five gems of Tamil Valayapathi, Kundalakesi,Seevaka Sinthamani,Silappathiparam and Manimekalai.

 

All these epics dating to BC (appx) refer to Vedic practices and Silappathikaram and  Seevaka Sinthamani Manimekalai refer to Buddhism and Jainism as well.

 

The canard of an independent Tamil Culture is a Myth.

 

How and Why.

And yet, such statements do not go deep enough, as they still imply a North-South contrast and an unknown Dravidian substratum over which the layer of �Aryan� culture was deposited. This view is only milder than that of the proponents of a �separate� and �secular� Dravidian culture, who insist on a physical and cultural Aryan-Dravidian clash as a result of which the pure �Dravidian� culture got swamped. As we have seen, archaeology, literature and Tamil tradition all fail to come up with the slightest hint of such a conflict. Rather, as far as the eye can see into the past there is every sign of a deep cultural interaction between North and South, which blossomed not through any �imposition� but in a natural and peaceful manner, as everywhere else in the subcontinent and beyond.

As regards an imaginary Dravidian �secularism� (another quite inept word to use in the Indian context), it has been posited by many scholars�: Marr,[56] Zvelebil[57] and others characterize Sangam poetry as �secular� and �pre-Aryan�[58] after severing its heroic or love themes from its strong spiritual undercurrents, in a feat typical of Western scholarship whose scrutiny always depends more on the magnifying glass than on the wide-angle lens. A far more insightful view comes from the historian M.�G.�S. Narayanan, who finds in Sangam literature �no trace of another, indigenous, culture other than what may be designated as tribal and primitive.�[59] He concludes�:

The Aryan-Dravidian or Aryan-Tamil dichotomy envisaged by some scholars may have to be given up since we are unable to come across anything which could be designated as purely Aryan or purely Dravidian in the character of South India of the Sangam Age. In view of this, the Sangam culture has to be looked upon as expressing in a local idiom all the essential features of classical �Hindu� culture.[ 60]

However, it is not as if the Tamil land passively received this culture�: in exchange it generously gave elements from its own rich temperament and spirit. In fact, all four Southern States massively added to every genre of Sanskrit literature, not to speak of the signal contributions of a Shankara, a Ramanuja or a Madhwa. Cultural kinship does not mean that there is nothing distinctive about South Indian tradition�; the Tamil land can justly be proud of its ancient language, culture and genius, which have a strong stamp and character of their own, as anyone who browses through Sangam texts can immediately see�: for all the mentions of gods, more often than not they just provide a backdrop�; what occupies the mind of the poets is the human side, its heroism or delicate emotions, its bouncy vitality, refined sensualism or its sweet love of Nature. �Vivid pictures of full-blooded life exhibiting itself in all its varied moods,� as Raghunathan puts it. �One cannot but be impressed by the extraordinary vitality, variety and richness of the poetic achievement of the old Tamil.�[61] Ganapathy Subbiah adds, �The aesthetic quality of many of the poems is breathtakingly refined.�[62] It is true also that the Tamil language developed its own literature along certain independent lines�; conventions of poetry, for instance, are strikingly original and more often than not different from those of Sanskrit literature.

More importantly, many scholars suggest that �the bhakti movement began in the Tamil country and later spread to North India.�[63] Subbiah, in a profound study, not only challenges the misconceived �secular� portrayal of the Sangam texts, but also the attribution of the Tamil bhakti to a northern origin�; rather, he suggests, it was distinctly a creation of Tamil culture, and Sangam literature �a reflection of the religious culture of the Tamils.�[64]

As regards the fundamental contributions of the South to temple architecture, music, dance and to the spread of Hindu culture to other South Asian countries, they are too well known to be repeated here. Besides, the region played a crucial role in preserving many important Sanskrit texts (a few Vedic recensions, Bhasa�s dramas, the Arthashastra for instance) better than the North was able to do, and even today some of India�s best Vedic scholars are found in Tamil Nadu and Kerala.[*] As Swami Vivekananda put it, �The South had been the repository of Vedic learning.�[65]

 

 

Citation .

 

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/

 

www.micheldanino.voiceofdharma.com/tamilculture.html

 

14 Goddesses Temple Chaturdasa, Agartala Tripura

In Hinduism on July 24, 2014 at 07:56

 

Chaturdasha Temple also called as Fourteen Goddess Temple  is  situated near old Agartala, Tripura, India.

 

Chaturdasa Temple, Agartala,Tripura.jpg

Chaturdasa Temple, Agartala,Tripura.

This temple was built in honour of fourteen Gods and Goddessess, together called the Chaturdasha Devata, by King Krishna Manikya Debbarma of Tripura and these deities are ceremoniously worshipped during Kharchi Puja.

The Kokborok names of the fourteen deities are,

Lampra, Akhatra, Bikhatra, Burasa, Thumnairok, Bonirok, Sangroma, Mwtaikotor, Twima, Songram, Noksumwtai, Mailuma, Khuluma and Swkalmwtai.

Near the sacred 14 Goddess Temple during the month of July every year a Kharchi festival is organised and thousands of pilgrims and devotees visit this festival.

 

How To reach.

Agartala is the nearest airport and rail head to this temple. It is easily accessible by buses and taxis.

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