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Posts Tagged ‘Islam’

Islam Reined In Japan Muslims Can Obtain Citizenship

In consumer forum, Islam on June 28, 2014 at 10:04

There have been posts that Islam has been banned in Japan.

 

It is not so.

 

2006 study of Muslim residents in Japan. image,png

2006 study of Muslim residents in Japan.

 

Banned?

 

1. Japan has put strict restrictions on the Islam and Muslims !
Have you ever read in the news paper that a political leader or a Prime Minister from an Islamic nation have ever visited Japan? Have you ever come across any news paper that King of Iranor Saudi Arabia has visited Japan?
The reasons are:

a) Japan is the only nation that does not give citizenship to Muslims.
b) In Japan permanent residentship is not given to Muslims.
c) There is strong ban on the propagation of Islam in Japan.
d) In the University of Japan Arabic or any Islamic language is not taught.
e) One cannot import ‘Kuran’ published in Arabic language.
f) According to data published by Japanese government, it has given citizenship to only 2 lakhs Muslims. These Muslims speak Japanese and carry their religious ritual in the same.
g) Japan is the only country in the world having negligible number of embassies of Islamic countries.
h) Japanese people are not attracted to Islam at all.
i) Muslims residing in Japan are the employees of foreign companies.
j) Even today Visas are not granted to Muslim doctors, engineers or managers send by foreign company.
k) In majority of the companies, it is stated in their laws that no Muslims should apply for the job.
l) Japan government is of an opinion that Muslims are fundamentalist and even in the era of globalization, they are not willing to change their Muslim laws.
m) Muslims can not even think about getting a rented house in Japan.
n) If anyone comes to know that his neighbor is a Muslim then the whole colony stays alert.
o) No one can start a Islamic or Arabic ‘Madarsa’ in Japan
p) There is no personal law in Japan.
q) If Japanese women marry a Muslim then she is banned.
r) According to Mr. Komico Yagi (Head of Department, Tokyo University) “There is a mind frame in Japan that Islam is narrow minded religion and one should stay away from it.”
s) Freelance journalist Mohammd Juber turned many Islamic countries after 9/11 incidence and at that time he went even to Japan. He found out Japanese are confident that extremist can do no harm in Japan.

 

Islam is kept under check by tough legislation.,

 

The constitution and other laws and policies protect religious freedom and, in practice, the government generally respected religious freedom. The trend in the government’s respect for religious freedom did not change significantly during the year.

There were few reports of societal abuse or discrimination based on religious affiliation, belief, or practice.

The U.S. government closely monitored the state of religious freedom, conducted outreach to minority religious groups and NGOs, and discussed religious freedom with the government-

The Statistics Bureau estimates the population to be 127.5 million as of October..

The Religious Juridical Persons Law, as amended in response to the 1995 sarin gas attack on Tokyo’s subway system by Aum Shinrikyo, provides the government with some authority to supervise certified religious groups.

The law requires certified religious groups to disclose their assets to the government and empowers the government to investigate possible violations of regulations governing for-profit activities.

Authorities have the right to suspend a religious group’s for-profit activities if the group violates these regulations.

The government does not observe any religious holidays as national holidays.

 

Can A Muslim become a Citizen of Japan?

 

Yes.

 

The Japanese Constitution states that

第14条
すべて国民は、法の下に平等であって、人種、信条、性別、社会的身分又は門地により、政治的、経済的又は社会関係において、差別されない。

Article 14:
All of the people are equal under the law and there shall be no discrimination in political, economic or social relations because of race,creed, sex, social status or family origin.

“In Japan permanent residency is not given to Muslims.”

This is also easily demonstrably false. If you live in Japan you will probably eventually meet somebody who is Muslim. There are a lot more permanent residents in Japan than there are naturalized citizens.

However, even if you don’t, a look at the official immigration statistics for Japan shows a large percentage of legal immigrants, both non-permanent and those with Permanent Residency Status of Residence (永住者資格eijūsha shikaku), come from countries where the vastmajority of the citizens are Muslim or the official state religion is Islam.

Studies of Muslims in Japan have shown that about 35% are Indonesian, 15% are from Bangladesh, and 10% are from Pakistan.

 

Citation.

 

http://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/irf/religiousfreedom/index.htm?year=2012&dlid=208234#wrapper

 

http://harshad30.wordpress.com/2014/06/26/islam-is-ban-in-japan/

 

http://www.turning-japanese.info/2013/10/can-muslims-acquire-japanese.html

 

 

Collector Removes Hindu Symbols Upaveeda Sindoor

In India on May 31, 2014 at 16:07

This has not happened in Abu Dhabi ,Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan or Pakistan.

 

This took place in Sitharkottai, Ramanathapuram district ,Tamil Nadu.

 

District Collector's  Office,Ramanathapuram.Iamge.jpg.

District Collector‘s Office,Ramanathapuram

 

Students sporting tilak on their foreheads and amulets on their bodies were stopped by the Physical Instruction teacher of a Government-aided minority institution before they entered the school premises.

 

The sacred threads and rakshas (amulets) worn for protection round the necks or arms were cut off, and the sindoor, tilak on the foreheads erased.

 

What s most painful is that the Collector who ordered thus is one Nanadakumar, presumed to be a Hindu!

 

Read this report.

 

None of the Newspapers, TV channels, let alone the Secular Media reported this or reported in such a way that no one notices it!

 

 

This is not the first time of such incidents happening , the media keeping mum on such incidents and the Government taking no action.

 

My post of December 20,2013.

 

Ramanathapuram district, 527 km south of Chennai, which houses Rameswaram Temple and many holy shrines, is getting out of bound for outsiders. Local Jamaath Councils have issued ‘fatwas’ declaring Muslim-majority villages out of bound for people even from the district itself.

Entrances to Athiyuthu, Puthuvalassai, Panaikulam, Azhagankulam and Sitharkottai sport such boards, all put up by the local Jamaath Councils. “There are boards deep inside these villages which declare outsiders are not allowed,” said B Arumugam, who acted as a guide to this correspondent. Interestingly, all these villages have a strong Muslim population.

“Advertising (banners, posters and pamphlets) and honking (from vehicles) without permission is prohibited inside the Panchayath. By Order – Muslim Jamaath Thajul IslamSangh, Pottakavayal”, is the board which welcomes the visitor to the village entrance on the Attrankarai Road, hardly 10 kilometre from Ramanathapuram town. “For the last 20 years, only Muslim candidates had been elected from this constituency. Only Muslimscould be elected from this Assembly constituency,” said N Suriyaprakash, a civil engineer-turned-politician.”

 

Now to the present story.

 

When agitated parents rushed to complain to Ms. Zarina Lotus, headmistress of the Muhammadiya Higher Secondary School, Sitharkottai, Ramanathapuram district, she reportedly claimed to be implementing thediktat of the District Collector, as per the version of Shri Ramesh (name changed), father of one of the affected children. The agitated parents accompanied by Shri Prabhakaran, district head of Hindu Makkal Katchi, met District Collector K Nandakumar and complained about the incident. But the District Collector not only justified his order, but challenged them to take the matter to the courts, as per the version reported by the Hindu Makkal Katchi leader.

 

Since the students come to school sporting religious symbols, quarrels ensue and hence students have been sent to Reformation Schools. Policemen in Mufti who have been keeping watch had reportedly stated that the raison d’etre behind the occurrence of these quarrels are religious symbols and listed the schools where such incidents occurred”, continued Ms. Zarina Lotus.

 

Intrigued, the writer and some public minded citizens contacted headmistress Zarina Lotus over the telephone on January 21, 2014, and she again claimed that she was only obeying the orders of the District Collector. Ms. Lotus claimed that during a meeting of headmasters of high schools and higher secondary schools, the Collector had stated that the teachers should advise the students not to sport sacred threads or apply tilak or sport any object that would represent their religion. We sought to know the reason why the Collector would issue such an order.

 

The headmistress replied that since students come to school sporting religious symbols, at times quarrels ensue, and hence some students have been sent to Reformation Schools. Policemen in mufti who have been keeping watch on the trouble had reported that the raison d’etre behind these quarrels were the religious symbols; they listed the schools where such incidents had occurred.

 

Accordingly, we sent an e-mail to Shri K Nandakumar on January 22, but have received no reply till the time of writing. His personal assistant, Shri Dharman, said the District Collector was busy and could be contacted later, and disconnected the telephone. Subsequent attempts to contact him failed.

 

Other Hindu bashing activities in Ramanathapuram reported.

 

  • Ban on beating of drums in Amman Temples.
  • Changing of routes traditionally adopted by Temple processions.
  • Filing of a case against Hindus, who complained about the slaying of a cow by certain Moslems near a temple at a village called Azhagan kulam.
  • No action against those who broke the memorial pillar of Swami Vivekananda.
  • Punitive action was not taken against those who hoisted the national flag tied to slippers in the village of Pudhumadam.
  • Boards announcing ban on non Moslems entering the village and those banning playing of songs by vehicles on public roads have neither been prevented nor removed.
  • No action was taken against those fundamentalist Moslems, belonging to the area and other states who underwent arms training at Periyapatnam.

I am taking this issue to PM Narendra Modi’s Office through his Socil Media Portal of which I am an invited member.

 

Will some one take this to Tamil Nadu CM’s Notice?

 

In the meanwhile, this is the contact details of the Collector ,Ramanathapuram.

 

Please send Emails on this issue, seeking clarification on this issue/redress/withdrawal of the order.

 

DesignationNameDirectExtn.Resi.
District Collector
Thiru   K. Nanthakumar IAS
04567-231220
04567-221349
FAX
04567-231220
Addl. Collector (Dev) and PO, DRDA
  -
04567-231375
04567-230630
Assistant Collector
  -
04567-230056
04567-225537

 

Sources.

 

Ban On Hindu Symbols

 

Ban on Hindu symbols – Talibanistic diktat of Ramnad Collector

 

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Why Less Muslims In Lok Sabha-Owaisi The Answer

In India, Islam on May 23, 2014 at 09:33

 

The representation of Muslims in this Lok Sabha will be the lowest since the first general election of 1952. The 16th Lok Sabha will have just 24 Muslim MPs, down from 30 in the 15th. That translates to 4.4% of the strength of the House. 



Muslims constituted 4.3% of the first Lok Sabha in 1952, but their proportion has hovered between five and six per cent for the last quarter of a century after dropping from a high of 9.3% or 49 members in the LS elected in the 1980 elections. 



The incoming House will have no Muslim MPs from Uttar Pradesh, a first. It will also not have any from Maharashtra, a large state with a substantial Muslim population. The only states to have elected MPs from the community are West Bengal (eight), Jammu & Kashmir (four), Bihar (four), Kerala (three), Assam (two) and Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Lakshadweep (one each). Of these, of course J&K as well as Lakshadweep have Muslim-majority populations.(Zee News)

 

On the day the Indian Elections 2014 results were being announced,  Asauddin Owisi, wagging a Finger at Rajdeep Sardesai of CNN IBN, the English

 

News Channel, said belligerently,

 

Vladimir Putin To Muslims.image.jpg.

Vladimir Putin To Muslims.

 

 

 

‘Now tell Me, why there are fewer MPS in Lok Sabha, why there is no Muslim has been elected in the BJP?

 

 

 

You Media do Modi Namaskar daily,

 

 

Tell Me why Muslims have also voted and made Hindus MP?”,

 

 

Owaisi the answer is three simple numerical,

 

 

 

9/11

 

September 2001 Twin Tower Attack.

 

 

And a host of Bombings.

 

 

And Seven Letters of English

 

Al Qaeda.

 

 

You do not threaten people into electing specific people

 

 

At this rate you might ask for Minority Reservations in election Results!

 

Why Hindus  were elected as MPs by Muslims

 

They are not Terrorists, notwithstanding Religion.

 

Have you ever watched your speeches on TV?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

How many Indian Presidents/Prime Ministers Pakistan has/had?

 

 

How many Hindu/Non Muslim Cricket Players are there in Pakistan cricket team?

 

 

How many Muslim Nations allow the Hindu law to embolden you to ask for Sharia law in India?

 

 

How many temples have you looted?

 

 

At least be grateful.

 

 

If you do not want to be an Indian, you are free.

 

Yo do nt get along with Christians, Jews, and even one sect of yours kills the members of the other sect .

 

With whom shall be you be getting along?

 

Let the decent Muslims live in India in peace.

 

 

 

Best reply for your ilk is by Vladimir Putin, which I have posted in this post.

 

 

 

 

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Saudi Arabia Vedic, Vikramaditya’s Kingdom

In Hinduism, History on April 25, 2014 at 12:50

Many lands and its people have forgotten their History.

 

Most of the histories of the Ancient Civilizations were either destroyed or doctored by the British to suit their Political aspirations and for the spreading

 

of Christianity.

 

Saudi Arabia a part of Hindu Kingdom.Image Credit;http://www.volker-doormann.org/

On the roof of the Maqam Ibrahim near the Ka’bah in ‘Al Haram’ the Symbol of the ascending and Crescent Moon is still present

Starting from Africa,, Vikings.Pagans, Romans, Polynesian Islands, you would find that the ancient history of these people are either lost or at best very hazy.

 

Muslims did not lag behind in this quest for colonization and zeal to spread their Religion, Islam.

 

Recently I found that the traces of the ancient Religion of the Africans have been erased and you would find absolutely no information on their Religion

 

excepting about Christianity and Islam.

 

What little is known of the Great African Religion is doctored and is subject to some derogatory terms under the guise of describing it by

 

“Syncretization” and the like.

 

I posted an article on this.

 

Now it seems that Saudi Arabia is also on this list.

 

Nothing seems to be there that was before the advent of Islam.

 

Arabs are described even today as uncouth, use flowery language,indecisive and are generally unreliable.

 

As if to compensate this patronizingly it is stated that they are very hospitable. that’s all.

 

Please read any book that has a Middle East Character,including the much acclaimed ‘Oh!Jerusalem

 

People of Saudi Arabia seem to know nothing about their History sans the ones  relating to Islam or during the Crusades!

 

They have taken to the description of their ancestors having been labelled a Nomads!

 

I have read some information on this subject and am sharing it here.

 

Seems to me that this tallies with the kingdoms and Land Mass describe din Hindu Purans.

 

Arabia is an abbreviation. The original word even today is Arbasthan. It originates in Arvasthan. As observed earlier Sanskrit “V” changes into “B”. Arva in Sanskrit means a horse. Arvasthan signifies a land of horses, and as we all know Arabia is famous for its horses.

In the 6th and 7th centuries A.D. a wave of effecting a complete break with the past spread over West Asia. All links with the past were broken, images smashed, scriptures destroyed, education discontinued and the entire West Asian region took a plunge in abysmal ignorance which lasted for centuries thereafter and perhaps persists to a certain extent even today because if in the whole world modern scientific and educational developments find stubborn and entrenched resistance anywhere it is in the West Asian countries. It is said that the late Saudi Arabia ruler could not permit a radio broadcasting station opened in his own capital because of opposition from his Maulavis. He then resorted to a stratagem. Once while he had his council of Maulavis in attendance he had a radio set switched on to a program of Koranic recitation broadcast from a small transmitting station set up earlier without much ado. The Maulavis were delighted, so goes the report, to hear the word of Allah coming to them as if from nowhere. The king told them that what objections could they have to a mechanism which broadcast the word of Allah. The Maulavis agreed and the small radio broadcasting project was at last ratified.

According to Encyclopedia Britannica and Séance Islamia the Arabs are ignorant of their own history of the pre-Muslim era. By a strange euphemism they call it a period of ignorance and darkness. Probably no other country in the world has deliberately written off a 2,500 year period of their own history by systematically stamping out and snapping all links with the past. They have wiped the memories of preMuslim era off their minds. So while they chose to remain ignorant of their past ironically enough it is they who dub the pre-Muslim era as a period of ignorance.

Fortunately we can still trace the history of that preIslamic Arabia. It is a well known adage that there is no such thing as foolproof destruction of all evidence. The pre-Islamic history of Arabia is the story of Indian Kshatriyas over that land, with the people following the Vedic way of life.

In our attempt to reconstruct the story of pre-Islamic Arabia we begin with the name of the country itself. As explained earlier the name is fully Sanskrit. Its central pilgrim centre, Mecca is also a Sanskrit name. Makha in Sanskrit signifies a sacrificial fire. Since Vedic fire worship was prevalent all over West Asia in pre-Islamic days Makha signifies the place which had an important shrine of fire worship.

Coinciding with the annual pilgrimage of huge bazaar used to spring up in Makha i.e. Mecca since times immemorial. The annual pilgrimage of Muslims to Mecca is not at all an innovation but a continuation of the ancient pilgrimage. This fact is mentioned in encyclopedias.

VIKRAMADITYA

Evidence is now available that the whole of Arabia was part of the great Indian King Vikramaditya’s vast empire. The extent of Vikramaditya’s empire is one of the main reasons for his world wide fame. Incidentally this also explains many intriguing features about Arabia. It could be that Vikramaditya himself had this peninsula named Arvasthan if he was the first Indian monarch to capture it and bring it under his sway.

The second intriguing aspect is the existence of a Shivalinga or the Mahadeva emblem in the Kaaba shrine in Mecca. Before going into further details about the ancient Vedic rituals and names still clinging to Muslim worship at Mecca we shall see what evidence we have about Arabia having formed part of Vikramaditya’s dominions.

ANTHOLOGY OF ANCIENT ARABIC POETRY: SAYAR-UL-OKUL

In Istanbul in Turkey, there is a famous library called Makteb-e-Sultania which is reputed to have the largest collection of ancient West Asian literature. In the Arabic Section of that library is an anthology of ancient Arabic poetry. That anthology was compiled from an earlier work in A.D. 1742 under the orders of the Turkish ruler Sultan Salim.

The ‘pages’ of that volume are made of HAREER – a kind of silk used for writing on. Each page has a decorative gilded border. It may be recalled that gilding pages of sacred books is an ancient custom associated with old Sanskrit scriptures found in Java and other places. The anthology itself is known as SAYAR-UL-OKUL. It is divided into three parts, the first part contains biographic details and the poetic compositions of pre-Islamic Arabian poets. The second part embodies accounts and verses of poets of the period beginning just after Prophet Mohammad up to the end of Banee- Ummayya dynasty. The third part deals with later poets up to the end of Khalifa Harun-al-Rashid’s times. Incidentally “Banee” means “Vanee” and Ummayya as in Krishnayya are Sanskrit names.

Abu Amir Abdul Asamai, a distinguished Arabian bard who was the Poet Laureate of Harun-al-Rashid’s court has compiled and edited the anthology.

The first modern edition of Sayar-ul-Okul anthology was printed and published in Berlin in A.D. 1864. A subsequent edition was published in Beirut in A.D. 1932. This work is regarded as the most important and authoritative anthology of ancient Arabic poetry. It throws considerable light on the social life, customs, manners and entertainment forms in ancient Arabia. The book also contains an elaborate description of the ancient Mecca shrine, the town and the annual fair known as OKAJ which used to be held there every year. This should convince readers that the annual Haj of the Muslims to the Kaaba is only a continuation of the old fair and not a new practice.

But the OKAJ fair was far from a carnival. It provided a forum for the elite and learned to discuss the social, religious, political, literary and other aspects of the Vedic culture then pervading Arabia. Sayar-ul-Okul asserts that the conclusions reached at those discussions were widely respected throughout Arabia. Mecca, therefore, followed the Varanasi tradition of providing a seat for important discussions among the learned while the masses congregated there for spiritual bliss. The principal shrines at both Varanasi in India and at Mecca in Arvasthan were Shiva temples. Even to this day the central object of veneration at both Mecca and Varanasi continues to be the ancient Mahadeva emblems. It is the Shankara stone which Muslim pilgrims reverently touch and kiss in the Kaaba.

ENTRY OF NON-MUSLIMS FORBIDDEN

A few miles away from Mecca is a big signboard which forbids entry to any non-Muslim in the area. This is a reminder of the days when the Shrine was stormed and captured solely for the newly established faith of Islam. The object obviously was to prevent its recapture.

As the pilgrim proceeds towards Mecca he is asked to shave his head and beard and to don a special sacred attire. This consists of two seamless sheets of white cloth. One is to be worn round the waist and the other over the shoulders. Both these rites are remnants of the old Vedic practice of entering Hindu shrines, clean shaven and with holy seamless spotless white sheets.

The main shrine in Mecca which houses the Shiva emblem is known as the Kaaba. It is clothed in a black shroud. This custom could also originate from the days when it was thought necessary to discourage its recapture. According to encyclopedias Britannica and Islamia the Kaaba had 360 images. Traditional accounts mention that one of the deities among the 360 destroyed, when the shrine was stormed, was that ofSaturn, another was of the moon and yet another was one called Allah. In India the practice of Navagraha puja that is worship of the nine planets is still in vogue. Two of these nine are the Saturn and the moon. Besides, the moon is always associated with Lord Shankara. A Crescent is always painted across the forehead of the Shiva emblem. Since the presiding deity at the Kaaba shrine was Lord Shiva i.e. Shankara, the crescent was also painted on it. It is that crescent which is now adopted as a religious symbol of Islam. Another Hindu tradition is that wherever there is a Shiva shrine the sacred stream of Ganga that is the Ganges must also co-exist. True to that tradition a sacred fount exists near the Kasba. Its water is held sacred because it was regarded as but another Ganga since pre-Islamic times. Muslim pilgrims visiting the Kaaba shrine go around it seven times. In no other mosque does this perambulation prevail. Hindus invariably perambulate around their shrines. This is yet another proof that the Kaaba shrine is a pre-Islamic Shiva temple where the Hindu practice of perambulation is still meticulously observed.

Saudi Arabia Hindu Kingdom

Islamic Review

 

http://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2013/12/02/shiva-linga-in-mecca-om-is-786/

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African Religion Hinduism Similarities

In Religion on April 23, 2014 at 08:13

I was surprised at the limited and sanitized version of Religion in Africa.

 

The impact, the subsequent colonization and the effort of Islam and Christianity) in trying to portray the Africans more or less animals and

 

uncivilized(Gandhi subscribed to this view), that there is great difficulty in understanding what the African Religion in its true form.

 

There is a wanton effort to obfuscate the issue by saying and confusing the readers by stating Indigenous and traditional.

 

The indoctrination and doctoring of the History of Religion in Africa, as in India, is to such an extent that ‘Christianity is reported to have been

 

 

practiced by the Africans before Christ!

 

 

 

 

 Early 20th century Yoruba divination board.

Yoruba, Supreme God Divination Board.

1.The African Religion does not have a Text and its traditions are transmitted orally like the Vedas  and does not have Missionaries to spread it.

 

2.They do not have a founder.

 

3.They do not proselytize.

 

4.Just as in Hinduism African Religion is not a Sunday Religion but a way of Life.

 

5.They have one Supreme Deity and other Deities under it, functionality wise.

 

6.There are multitudes of sects but all are accommodated .

 

7.There is Legend of Creation as in Purans.

 

8.Worship of Ancestors like the Pitru Worship of Hinduism is given priority.

 

9.Strict moral Code of Conduct like the Laws of Manu are existent.

 

10.Practice of appeasing Gods as in Hinduism with and without animal sacrifice is mentioned.

 

11.Other faiths starting from Bahai, Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Christianity are present among the Africans.

 

12.They believe in Fate.

 

 

 

Often spoken of in the terms of a singularity, deliberate; yet conscious of the fact that Africa is a large continent with multitudes of nations who have complex cultures, innumerable languages and myriads of dialects.

 

 

Followers of traditional African religions pray to various secondary deities (Ogoun, Da, AgwuEsu, Mbari, Thiorak, etc.) as well as to their ancestors.

These divinities serve as intermediaries between humans and the primary god. Most indigenous African societies believe in a single creator god (ChukwuNyameOlodumareNgaiRoog, etc.).

 

 Some recognize a dual or complementary twin Divinity such as Mawu-Lisa.

 

For example, in one of the Yoruba creation myths, Olodumare, the ‘Supreme’, is said to have created Obatala, as Arch-divinity, who then created humans on earth. Olodumare then infused those human creations with life. Each divinity has their own priest or priestes.

 

 

The essence of this school of thought is based mainly on oral transmission; that which is written in people’s hearts, minds, oral history, customs, temples and religious functions.

 

 It has no founders or leaders like Gautama the Buddha, Christos, Ashoka, Christ or Muhammad.

 

 It has no missionaries or the intent to propagate or to proselytise….

 

 

There are more similarities than differences in all traditional African religions.

 Often, the supreme god is worshiped through consultation or communion with lesser deities and ancestral spirits.

The deities and spirits are honored through libation, sacrifice (of animals,vegetables, or precious metals).

The will of God is sought by the believer also through consultation of oracular deities, or divination.

 In many traditional African religions, there is a belief in a cyclical nature of reality.

The living stand between their ancestors and the unborn. Traditional African religions embrace natural phenomena – ebb and tide, waxing and waning moon, rain and drought – and the rhythmic pattern of agriculture. According to Gottlieb and Mbiti:

The environment and nature are infused in every aspect of traditional African religions and culture.

 

This is largely becausecosmology and beliefs are intricately intertwined with the natural phenomena and environment.

 

All aspects of weather, thunder, lightning, rain, day, moon, sun, stars, and so on may become amenable to control through the cosmology of African people. Natural phenomena are responsible for providing people with their daily needs”

 

n spite of these similarities there are important differences in the way God and the supernatural are viewed in African religions in comparison to Islam, Judaism, and Christianity. In most African religious systems, God (or the Gods) after creation was not directly involved in the human society or the individual lives of people. Remember how in the creation stories the Gods were engaged in the creation of people, but after creation, the Gods usually withdrew from direct contact with human-beings?

The idea of an isolated God does not make the supernatural un-important in Africa religions. Indeed, the supernatural, or spiritual realm, is most important to African religious belief. Between an all-powerful God and humans is a pantheon of spirits. These spirits are directly engaged in the lives of human beings, and can act as intermediaries between God and humans.

 

Citation.

 

African Religion

 

African Deities

 

Exploring Africa

 

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