Posts Tagged ‘Indian Philosophy’

Types Of Energy Purusha Suktam 3

In Hinduism, Indian Philosophy on January 24, 2014 at 09:09

Etha vaanasya Mahima Athojyaayam Gachcha Poorushah I

Paathosya Viswa Boothanni Thripaathasyamrutham Dhivi II

Ethavvan-Whatever is seen



Purusha-The Reality,


Boothaani Viswa-whatever in the Universe



Asya, His/Its,

Thribaath-three fourths,


Divi-not of here,in Heavens.

Whatever is seen here is His Expressions .

Purusha is Greater than all this.

Whatever is expressed (here) is only a quarter of His (attributes)

Rest is not expressed,in Heavens.

After the next stanza the actual Evolution of the Universe will be described in a highly allegorical Language.

The Reality, according to Hinduism is a Principle.

More specifically Energy.

Two primordial energies are listed.

One is Potential Energy called Prakriti, loosely described as Nature in English.

Another is Purusha the Kinetic Energy.

These two energies are the two facets of One energy, as Science would tell us.

Energy is One.

We name them as different to enable us to understand its workings.

The energy that has the potential to perform is Potential Energy.

That which Performs or induces Performance is Kinetic Energy or Energy in Action or on the Move.

This is Purusha of Hinduism.

Motion is not visible with out both working in tandem.

From the One basic Reality, Its attributes,Purusha and Parkriti become Universe.

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Hinduism List Of Hell Vishnu Garuda Puranas

In Hinduism on January 18, 2014 at 12:02

Hinduism, especially the Vedas,assert that Reality is a principle,Abstract and can be realized by mental and spiritual discipline.

Worship of Idols is relegated to the beginners.

Similarly there is the Law of Karma, where one is cautioned about his actions as Good actions get beneficial results, bad the Bad.

The Law of Karma operates uniformly even for Gods, when they deign to take Human form or when they perform an action with attachment.

Karma operates independently of every thing, including God, aver the Mimamsa Systems of Indian Philosophy.

But Adi Shankaracharya asserts God is necessary for Karma to operate.

How does the system operate?

There is enough evidence to suggest that apt from being reborn and undergo sufferings,the stages of Hell or in the Mind and the sufferings are related to and restricted to Mind.

But the Puranas also say that there is actual Hell and they are of various types.

Almost all the Puranas deal with this;Kalki Purana and Garuda Purana deal with this subject extensively.

Vishnu Purana , which is classified as  Maha Purana, also deals with this.

Let us have a look at the various kinds of Hell as described in the Vishnu  Garuda Puranas.

1.There are 400,000 types of Hell.

Concept of Hell


2.28 are very important.

Hhell Punishment

Punishment In Hell Hinduism

3.Some of them are located under Water and some under the Earth.

4.Those who covet others’ wealth will reach ‘Tamasira Naraka’

5.Unfaithful Spouse-Aniththaamisra.

6.The selfish,who destroy other Families,Liars, false witnesses-Raurava, where they will be an Animal Ruru

7.Those who kill other living Beings for ‘Taste’,Kumbheebaakam.

8.Ill-treatment of Parents, Elders,Kaala Soothram.

9.denial Of God and for leaving one’s Duty,Asipathram.

10.Unjust,Dictators,Panri Mukham.

11.Non Righteous Conduct, harassing other, Krimi Bhojanam.

12.Murderers,betrayals, torturing,Antha koopam.

13.Lustful, Saanmali.

14.Grabbing others ‘property,Agni Kundam

15.Unequal copulation,Vajra Kandakam.

16.Power Hungry,betraying Trust,Vaitharani

17.Copulation like animals,Bhoobhotham.

18.Ill treatment of Animals,Praanai Rotham.

19.For Perversions,Laala Paksham.

20.Arson,Looting,Poisoning,killing subjects by a King,Saarameyadhanam.

21.Deliberate False witnesses, Those who are proud,Aveesi.

22.Consumption of Liquor,Narcotics, Drugs,Pari Paathanam.

23.Those who declare that they are Great and Knowledgeable,Insulting others Kshaarakarthamam.

24.Cannibalism,Killing a Human being for Yags,Rakshoonam.

25.Those who do evil to others,Dantha Soothakam.

26.Killing others beings Vada Rotham.

27.Those who make the Guests wait, do not treat them with respect, The selfish,Parvavairathakam.

28.Hoarding,Earning by unfair means,Soosi Mukham.

The torture in Hell vary from being Burnt, Cut and salted.Fried in Oil,made to et worms viruses,Branding with Hot irons

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Purusha Suktam Verse 1 Reality Two Fingers Breadth

In Hinduism, Indian Philosophy on January 12, 2014 at 09:23

Purusha sukta (puruṣasūkta, पुरुष सूक्त) is hymn 10.90 of the Rigveda, dedicated to the Purusha, the “Cosmic Being”

Purusha means ‘Male’ in Sanskrit.

Purusha in Tantric system

Tantric representation of Purusha.

Here in the Purusha Sukta the term is applied to mean a Principle,which is virile containing the seeds of Immanence.

(Feminists need not take offence for this term contains, in this context, Female Principle Prakriti is immanent.

As the explanation is about things before creation some term is to be used ”He’; is used and She is not used because the import of the Female term is different.This will be clear as the explanation will reveal later)

The Purusha ukta describe the process of manifestation as Indian Philosophy does not use the term Creation, but only manifestation.

Creation involves bringing forth some thing new which has not been in Existence before.

As everything is Eternal there is no question of Creating something.

Contrary to what many belive the Pursh Sukta is not about Vishnu or Narayana.

Separate Suktam on these Deities appeat later as Narayan Suktam and Sri Vishnu Suktam.

While Narayana is an Amsa of Purusha, Visnu is an Amsa of Narayana.

As Lakshmi and Durga are.

Therefore to complete the Chanting one has to recite all the Five Suktas .

This is the actual Panchamrutha. not the dish we prepare and offer to God as an item to bathe Him with.

When some one says in the Pooja, whether in the Temples or Homes, Panchamrutha Snanam Samarppayami, the Five Suktas are to be chanted.

The Vedas have Four Parts,

Samhitas, which contain Prayers to Gods,

Brahmanas about the Oblations/Yagnas,

Aranyakas, the efforts to realize Reality from the forest, and

The Upanishads, where Reality is described.

The Purusha Sukta is unique in that it contains all the four parts in one Sukta,

Purusha Sukta appears in the Rig Veda 10.90 verses.

सहस्रशीर्षा पुरुषः सहस्राक्षः सहस्रपात् ।
स भूमिं विश्वतो वृत्वात्यतिष्ठद्दशाङुलम् ॥१॥
Sahasra-Shiirssaa Purussah Sahasra-Akssah Sahasra-Paat |
Sa Bhuumim Vishvato Vrtva-Atya[i]-Tisstthad-Dasha-Angulam ||1||

1.1: The Purusha (The Universal Being) has Thousand Heads, Thousand Eyes and Thousand Feet (Thousand signifies innumerable which points to the omnipresence of the Universal Being),
1.2: He envelops the World from all sides (i.e. He pervades each part of the Creation), and extends beyond in the TenDirections ( represented by Ten Fingers ).


Sahsra Seersha-has over 1000 heads-In Sanskrit , innumerable is often called as ‘Sahasra’ or Thousand.

Aksha-has 100 eyes(Aksha-eyes)

Sahasrabath-has over 1000 feet.

Bommim-The Earth,


Vruthvaa-Spread and immanent,

Dasa Angulam-Stands at 10 Inches.

Athyathishtath-Stands, remains.

Angulam means ‘by a measurement of two fingers’

“The fact that the unit of angulam of 1.763 cm could match very well the dimensions of historical monuments establishes the continuity of India’s engineering tradition through the ages for as long as 3,900 years’

In Hindu Theology the personal God Iswara who resides in the heart measures one inch .

In Hinduism, the Psychological heart is said to be on the Right side of the Chest as against the left side for the Physical heart.

In this verse, the external manifestation of the Universal Principle , as can be grasped by the Human mind, is expressed,just as camera film records the size, not in real-time.

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Purusha Suktam An Introduction

In Hinduism on January 11, 2014 at 17:37

The Purusha Suktam is one of the earliest compositions  that occurs in the Rig Veda.

Vedic Text Purusha Suktam

Purusha Suktam

There are Five most sacred mantras that are revered and chanted by the Hindus in Temples and at Homes on auspicious occasions.

People perform this on a Daily basis as a part of their Daily Pooja.

These Five Suktas are,

Purusha Suktam,

Nayanayana Suktam,

Vishnu Suktam.

Sri Suktam and

Durga Suktam.

These five Suktas are to be recited at the time of Bathing the Deity.

Details on How a God is to be Bathed may be seen in my Post filed Hinduism.


If one looks the Universe and its workings it would be evident that everything in the Universe takes place in a rhythmic  pattern.


Stars are formed, decay, Die and are regenerated.

Plants , animals and Man are born grow, decay and die.

Seasons come and go.

Everything in the world takes something from the Universe and gives it back.

Plants give out Oxygen and we need Oxygen ‘we give out carbon and Plants need them

Despite our mishandling of the Universe, the Universe takes back what we have taken from it, including our Life and Body.

The Laws of Universe do not expect anything.

Gravitation,Light,Heat and the other elements do not care whether we understand them or not.

They just go about their jobs..

In the Vedas performance of an action because it ought to be performed is called Yagna.

The Purusha Suktam describes the evolution of the Universe at two levels. describing the process at two levels.

One by performing a Yagna and another as Yaga where a specific result is required.

Full Text  meaning and explanatory note follows in a seires of articles.



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Jainism Hinduism Essentials Differences

In India, Religion on January 6, 2014 at 11:15

Jainism, a part of Indian Thought and Culture, was founded by Vardhamana Mahavira, born in North Bihar in 540 BC.

He was a worldly man till thirty years and became an ascetic and lived till 72 years.

His philosophy is called Jainism

The root Jina means Spiritual Conqueror.

Those who follow him are Jains and the Religion is called Jainism.

Jainism is classified as a Nastika system of Indian Philosophy, along with Buddhism,Charvaka,Nyaya, Yoga,Vaisheshika,and Sankhya(some call it Astika), which do not believe in the authenticity of the Vedas.

Most of the Jainism Doctrines are the same as the Vedas or Sanatana Dharma.

Agreement and differences with Hinduism.

For example, the Karma Theory.

The theory of Karma is more stringent and is not dependent on Ishvara or personal God as in Hinduism.

In Jainism Karma operates independently of Iswara.

Hinduism speaks of One Ultimate Reality,Non Dualism , Jainism speaks of Multiple Realities.

The Reality is not one.

The individual Soul is not dependent on the Universal Soul, there is no Universal Soul.

There are two entities, Jiva, with Consciousness and Ajiva without Consciousness.

The sentient are Jivas and the non-sentient are Ajivas.

The Jiva or Soul is blinkered to perceiving things  in their own Nature,because of limitations.

Transcending these limitation is called the Kevala Jnana.

Jiva is the Spirit.

Ajiva, the non spirit is devoid of Consciousness.

It has three essential ingredients.

Pudgala(matter) , Time and Space.

Matter is composed of Atoms are perceived to be different things because of the various combinations .

There is no underlying principle as such , as in Hinduism.

Space and Time are perceived as modes which are Infinite.

As such the world has no beginning and no end.

Hinduism states that the world is eternal and Time is Cyclic.

For Jainism Change is Permanent , while for Hinduism Permanence alone is Real and the changes are apparent.

On the Theory of Knowledge or Epistemology, Jainism agrees with Hinduism in that it is Self Luminous.

While Hinduism states that it is the modification of the Self is the world of things, Jainism says the world is of Multiple Realities.

The removal of the obstruction brings forth Knowledge as Knowledge is apart from the Self.

Hinduism states that removal of Ignorance from the Self leads to reverting to Knowledge state.

Jainism believes is Perception or Pratyaksha.

It believes in Immediate Knowledge as in Hinduism.

Here the difference is that Jainsim believes in th particular Knowledge of a Thing in detail and nothing more.

This , as related to Jiva or Soul.

Hinduism takes into account all aspects of Immediate Knowledge without reservations , like Sabda, testimony of the Vedas.

Jainism accepts Inference and Tharka(logic).

Intuition is not accepted by Jainism as by Hinduism.

The Logical system of Jainism is the best and is far more advanced than the Logical Positivism.

This is called the Sabda Bhangi Naya.

Please read my post on this.

Fundamentals of Ethics.

Jainism encourages spiritual development through cultivation of personal wisdom and through reliance on self-control through vows.[59] Jains accept different levels of compliance for ascetics and lay followers.[59] Ascetics of this religion undertake five major vows:

  1. AhimsaAhimsa means non-violence. The first major vow taken by ascetics is to cause no harm to living beings. It involves minimizing intentional and unintentional harm to other living creatures.
  2. SatyaSatya literally means “truth”. This vow is to always speak the truth. Given that non-violence has priority, other principles yield to it whenever they conflict: in a situation where speaking truth could lead to violence, silence is to be observed.[59]
  3. Asteya: The third vow, asteya, is to not take anything that is not willingly offered.[59] Attempting to extort material wealth from others or to exploit the weak is considered theft.
  4. Brahmacharya: The vow of brahmacharya requires the exercise of control over the senses by refraining from indulgence in sexual activity.
  5. AparigrahaAparigraha means non-possessiveness. This vow is to observe detachment from people, places and material things.[59] Ascetics completely renounce property and social relations.(wiki)


In Hinduism Ethics is more elaborate and elastic.

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