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Posts Tagged ‘India’

Where Are Manuscripts Of Vedas

In Hinduism on July 23, 2014 at 21:21

The Vedas, the Scriptures of the Hindus are voluminous.

 

They were not written by any one but grasped from Ether.

 

Tradition of Vedic Chanting.jpg

Tradition of Vedic Chanting.

 

(Image copyright Indira Gandhi National Center for Arts)

 

There are four Vedas, Rig,Yajur, Sama and Atharva .

 

In addition to this, we have Upavedas,Vedangas,Parisista,  not to speak of the Smritis.

 

Of this lot this is what has been collected.

 

“The complete corpus of Vedic mantras as collected in Bloomfield‘s Vedic Concordance (1907) consists of some 89,000 padas (metrical feet), of which 72,000 occur in the four Samhitas

 

This is only for the Samhitas.

 

Brahmanas,Aranyakas,Upanishads remain.

 

There seems to be no information on when the Vedas were written in the form of manuscripts.

 

The Digitized copies  of The Rigveda Brahmanas: the Aitareya and Kausītaki Brāhmanas of the Rigveda are in American Libraries.

 

(Link provided below).

 

  1. Rgvedasamhita
    Accession No. : 5/1875-76
    Material : Birch Bark
    Uniqueness / Pecularity : The manuscript was used by Prof. F. Max Müller for the edition of the Rgveda with Sayana’s commentary. The manuscript is a beautiful specimen of the old style Manuscript of Kashmir.
  2. Bhagavata Purana
    Accession No. : 61/1907-1915
    No. of Illustrations : 128
    Uniqueness / Pecularity : It is one of the most precious mss. of the Institute’s collection. It contains 128 beautiful paintings in color.

 

These are Thirty Volumes of Rig Veda Samhitas which Max Mueller had quoted and wrote his Books upon.

 

Rest of the manuscripts’ whereabouts not known despite claims that they are in Germany, US do not seem to hold, as far as I could fathom.

 

Readers may contribute.

 

The best that had happened to Hinduism is that they have not been written but transmitted Orally.

 

That is the reason they have survived.

 

Hope efforts have been made to preserve available oral material has been saved.

 

 

The Vedas on UNESCO Register.

 

The Vedas comprise a vast corpus of Sanskrit poetry, philosophical dialogue, myth, and ritual incantations developed and composed by Aryans over 3,500 years ago. Regarded by Hindus as the primary source of knowledge and the sacred foundation of their religion, the Vedas embody one of the world’s oldest surviving cultural traditions.

The Vedic heritage embraces a multitude of texts and interpretations collected in four Vedas, commonly referred to as “books of knowledge” even though they have been transmitted orally. The Rig Veda is an anthology of sacred hymns; the Sama Veda features musical arrangements of hymns from the Rig Veda and other sources; the Yajur Veda abounds in prayers and sacrificial formulae used by priests; and the Atharna Veda includes incantations and spells. The Vedas also offer insight into the history of Hinduism and the early development of several artistic, scientific and philosophical concepts, such as the concept of zero.

Expressed in the Vedic language, which is derived from classical Sanskrit, the verses of the Vedas were traditionally chanted during sacred rituals and recited daily in Vedic communities. The value of this tradition lies not only in the rich content of its oral literature but also in the ingenious techniques employed by the Brahmin priests in preserving the texts intact over thousands of years. To ensure that the sound of each word remains unaltered, practitioners are taught from childhood complex recitation techniques that are based on tonal accents, a unique manner of pronouncing each letter and specific speech combinations.

Although the Vedas continue to play an important role in contemporary Indian life, only thirteen of the over one thousand Vedic recitation branches have survived. Moreover, four noted schools – in Maharashtra (central India), Kerala and Karnataka (southern India) and Orissa (eastern India) – are considered under imminent threat.

 

Citation.

 

http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/en/RL/0006

 

www.acrhive.org

 

 

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/vedas

 

www.bori.ac.in

 

Devi’s Foot Fell During Dance Tripurasundari Temple

In Hinduism on July 22, 2014 at 17:04

Legend has it that Goddess Uma’s right foot fell during Her Dance competition with Lord Shiva.

Lalitha Tripura Sundari.jpg

Lalitha Tripura Sundari.Image credit.Sivanis kitchen

 

The temple in Tripura, North East of India, dedicated to Tripurasundari is also one of the SakthiPeetas, where Sati‘s right foot fell.

There are two identical images of the same deity inside the temple.

They are known as Tripura Sundari (5 feet high) and Chhotima (2 feet high) in Tripura.

The idol of Maa Kali is worshiped at the temple of Tripura Sundari in the form of ‘Soroshi’.

One is made of kasti stone which is reddish black in colour.

It is believed that the idol was Chhotima was carried by king in battlefield.

 

 

This temple is also known as Kurma Pitha because it the temple premises resembles kurma i.e. tortoise.

 

Goddess Parvati (also spelt as Partvathi) is worshipped here as Tripurasundari, Tripureshwari and “Soroshi” (a local variation of the name).

The temple is a small, square edifice, measuring just 24 square feet (7 square metres) at the base with a height of 75 feet (24m approximately). The structure of the shrine resembles that of a tortoise, with a roof shaped like the humped back of a tortoise.

For this reason, the shrine is also known as “Koorma Peetha” (Koorma meaning Tortoise).

As in other typical Hindu shrines, stalls along the approach road sell flowers and baskets of offerings that visitors can buy and take up to be offered to Tripura Sundari and returned as Prasadam.

A specialty here is the sweet, brown, condensed milk Pedas that devotees carry back from the temple, to be distributed among family and friends back home.

The red hibiscus flower is also prized as an offering.

 

 

How To Reach.

 

Airport : The closest airport is at Agartala.

Railhead :The nearest rail head is Kumarghat on N. E. Railway.

It is 1475 km from Kolkata via Guwahati and 140 km from Agartala.

From here you can pick a bus or taxi to reach the temple.

Road TransportThe Temple is situated close to the capital city of Agartala in Tripura. NH 44 connects the state with many north eastern states by road.

Agartala, the capital of Tripura, is connected by regular bus services with all sub-divisional towns of Tripura. Besides, bus service is also available from SilcharGuwahati, Karimganj and Shillong.

Staying near the Tripura Sundari Temple
The temple is very close to the state capital, Agartala. So, accommodation is not a problem for the tourists coming to visit the Tripura Sundari Temple in Tripura. Though not of very high class, you may find hotels, which may be convenient and comfortable for you.

 

Citation.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tripura_Sundari_Temple

Lord Subrahmanya Murugan Foot Print

In Hinduism on July 20, 2014 at 08:46

Of the few major Deities mentioned in the Vedas ,Subrahmanya is One.

 

He is called Skanda in the Veda.

 

The ancient language Tamil venerate Him as the God of Tamil and He is the personification of Tamil.

 

The eighteen consonants and vowels are represented by Murugan, Murugu in Tamil means exquisitely beautiful, by His six faces and twelve forms.

 

He imparted Brahma Gnana to Brahma and even preached His Father, Lord Shiva.( The temple depicting this incident is Tiruthani, Tamil Nadu, where Lord Shiva kneels before Subrahmanya!

 

Pazhani Dhandayuthapani Raja Alankaram.jpg

Pazhani Dhandayuthapani Raja Alankaram.

 

One who realized Brahman is a Brahman.

 

In Sanskrit, when you add the prefix ‘su’, it means the ‘highest, best’

 

Of the Trimurtis Shiva is a Brahmin.

 

Subrahmanya is the Best or the Higher Brahmin for He taught Shiva!

 

Subramanyas’ footprints..

 

Murugan's footprint Jnanamalai Tamil Nadu,India.jpg.

Lord Subramanya’s Footprints,Jnana malai,Tamil Nadu,India. On the west side of Jnanamalai hillock there is a small Siva temple. Behind it one finds what appear to be deep footsteps in the rock. They appear as footprints on molten lava. Incidentally this is a volcanic mountain from all appearances. There is a local belief that these footsteps are those of Lord Muruga Himself.There is also a belief that Murugan visited this place after marrying Valli Amman in Vallimalai on way to Tiruttani. Tiruttani and Vallimalai form form a triangle with Jñāna Malai and both can be seen from this hill. Around the hill there is a lake and in the rainy season Jnanamalai looks like an island.

Murugan Footprint Palani.jpg

Murugan Footprint Palani.

Murugan Footprint Kinathukadavu.jpg

Murugan Footprint Kinathukadavu.Perched on the 600-ft. imposing hillock, adored as Kanakagiri, Sri Pon Velayudhaswami temple of Kinathukadavu (located midway between Pollachi and Coimbatore) has the glory and pride of place as one of the few shrines in Kongu Nadu, celebrated by Saint Arunagiri Nathar in his divine hymns. The hill shrine can be reached by climbing an easy flight of 200 neatly carved steps. The origin of the temple dates back to the thirteenth century. The temple was renovated by the rulers of Mysore

 

http://www.hindu.com/fr/2005/08/19/stories/2005081900330300.htm

 

Raja Alankaram Image Credit.

http://murugan.org/gallery/moolavars/pages/PazhaniDandayuthaSwamyRajaAlangaram.htm

Ayodhya Princess Korean Queen

In Hinduism on July 19, 2014 at 11:46

That Hinduism , Sanatana Dharma was spread throughout the world, I have been posting articles on this, is evident who follows world history monuments and Archaeology.

 

I have published articles that Hinduism was in Germany,Greece,China, Central America, Africa, Italy,Russia,Middle east, Iran,Iraq, Burma,Fiji.

 

I shall be posting more on this issue.

 

One finds reference to Ayodhya in Korean Legends.

 

A princess is reported to have married a Korean King,noble.

 

She is venerated as Queen.

 

 

Heo Hwang-ok is a legendary queen that mentioned in Samguk Yusa, a 13th-century Korean chronicle. She was the wife of KingSuro of Geumgwan Gaya. The legend states that she arrived on a boat from a distant kingdom, and married the king in the year 48 CE. She was the first queen of Geumgwan Gaya, and is considered an ancestor by several Korean lineages.

 

The legend of Heo is found in Garakgukgi (or Gaehwangryeok, the Record of Garak Kingdom) within Samguk Yusa. According to the legend, Heo was a princess of the Ayuta (or Ajutuo) kingdom, otherwise known as Ch’un-ch’uk.[2] The extant records do not identify Ayuta except as a distant country. Some writers identify it with Ayodhya in India.[3] Others, such as Grafton K. Mintz, identify it with Ayutthaya in Thailand.”

 

A Professor Emeritus of Hanyang University and national archeologist from Korea, Prof Byung Mo Kim shares a ‘genetic connection’ with Ayodhya.

“I share my genes with the royal family of Ayodhya. Travellers from both these countries not just traded goods, but also genes. And I hail from the Kara dynasty, whose first woman was the princess of Ayodhya, who married the first Kara king. Her brothers went on to become the Kings of Ayodhya and this is how I am genetically connected to the holy city,” said Prof Kim.

The archaeologist, whose work on the princess of Ayodhya marrying the prince of Korea’s Kara dynasty in 4th century AD has received widespread recognition, is on his fifth visit to the Holy city in search of more evidence for his study.

On his three-day visit to the state, he not only visited Ayodhya but also made a slide presentation on historical evidences of cultural links between Ayodhya and Korea, on being invited by the state government’s Ayodhya Shodh Sansthan. “The queen of Korea’s biggest dynasty Hoh was the daughter of Ayodhya and in that manner, Ayodhya is like our mother city. Princess Ho travelled by sea route and married King Kim Suro of Kara dynasty. He was the first king and the entire Kara clan, which comprises over about two-third the population of Korea are its descendents,” said Prof Kim.

The twin fish, which is the state symbol of Uttar Pradesh and is found on almost all the ancient buildings of Ayodhya, is the biggest clue to the link and the route undertaken by Princess Hoh, says the professor. “I have pictorial evidences. The twin fish symbol is originally from the Meditarrenean states and it travelled to this part of the world and settled around Lucknow. But the same twin fish symbol can also be seen in ancient buildings in Nepal, Pakistan, China and Japan and the gate of royal tomb of King Suro in Kimhae city in Korea,” said Prof Kim.

AYODHYA : A high-power delegation from South Korea visited Ayodhya to revive two millennia-old ties with the temple town. The South Koreans discovered that a Princess of Ayodhya was married to Korean King Suro in the first century CE. Suro was the King of Kimhay kingdom or the present Korea. The Princess was married to the Korean King at the age of 16. The Koreans believe that the Princess was the mother of the descendants who unified various Korean kingdoms in the 7th century CE. Since the first century CE her descendants prospered and became the largest clan in Korea, known as the Karak, whose members had been highly distinguished people. The present President of South Korea Kim Dae-Jung believes that he is also a descendant of the Great Princess of Ayodhya. She is regarded as the most blessed queen of Korea in the last 2,000 years, and Koreans believe that this could be due to the religious significance of the great temple city of Ayodhya where Lord Rama was born. The Counsel General of Korea said “I hope historians will be able to learn more about this great ancient Hindu city.” He urged the ex-Raja of Ayodhya BPN Misra to strengthen the cultural ties between Ayodhya and South Korea.

Citation:

http://archive.indianexpress.com/news/korean-relative-of-kings-of-ayodhya-goes-on-evidence-hunting/569976/

 

http://www.salagram.net/VWHChinaJapanKorea.html

 

Hanuman Vanaras Are Neanderthals Of India

In Hinduism on July 18, 2014 at 19:59

Recently I have been going through the Geological characteristic of Europe and its History.

 

The essence is.

 

1.Asia remained as reservoir of all races moving in to Europe.

 

2.For reasons not very known’ Humans started pushing towards Europe, this is presumed to be due to a cataclysmic event like flood or long dry periods.

 

3.Access to Europe was easy as the Russian plains were there to cross over effortlessly.

 

4.The complex structure of European geological features made these groups entering into Europe to become small groups settling n pockets.

 

The Basques settled in the North of Pyrenees, Celts in Wales,Ireland and north-west of Scotland,Lombard in Italy,

 

In the Fourth Century AD, out of Asia came the Huns,predecessor of Germans),Tatars.

 

Later came the Magyars, who are in Hungary,Bulgar in Bulgaria .

 

Neanderthal Man.jpg

Neanderthal Man.

 

 

Then came the Turks.

Hanuman.jpg

Hanuman.

 

All from Asia!

 

Unsettling fact is that these groups seem to have displaced the existing groups in these areas!

 

Who are they and where did they come from?

 

I shall discuss this later and now proceed to Vanaras and Neanderthals.

 

Though it is accepted fact that the migration started from Asia into Europe,there seems to be no evidence of Neanderthal type of man in India.

 

The reason could have been a cataclysm like great fire or Flood.

 

Europe  did not witness such a cataclysm.

 

Hence the remains of such type of evidence has not been found as it might be deep down the water  or incinerated, the remains might be charred and

need  detailed investigation.

 

But, as I have been maintaining  my posts, there is this obsession to follow the History(?) of Europe through European sources, when these sources quote Asian/Indian resources for their first migration !

 

The earliest Epic of Mankind, The Ramayana gives a clear description of the type of Species.

 

Valimki states that when Rama decided to attack Ravana He gave a call through  Sugreeva.

 

The Vanaras came from  all the places from Madhya Pradesh,South India, and from the place ‘where the Sun always shines or always sets”

 

The last one is Polar regions.

 

Valmiki also mentions that the Vanaras were dominant in South India, they were concentrated in Kishkinta, they had high foreheads and features (resembling the Vanaras), and they lived in caves.

 

One can find these warren of Caves in the remains of Hampi which was earlier Kishkinta.

 

Vanaras  meansVan( forest) and Naras, man like beings in Forests.

 

In Mahabharata Lord Krishna says the Species to which Jambhavan belonged was near extinct( one must remember Jambhavan appears, along with Hanuman in both Ramayana and Mahabharata).

 

The description of Jambhavan in the Ramayana resembles the Yeti.

 

Some Indologists speak of these being s having lived in South India 5,00, 000 years ago!

 

Neanderthals  could speak and reason out, though the later point is being disputed .

 

One needs to analyse the Kishkinda Kanda of Ramayana.

 

It seems to me that Hanuman and Vanaras belonged to the equivalent of what is known as Neanderthal in the west.

 

Indian Neanderthal ( why can’t we call the species as Vanaras)  are the Vanaras and they populated the South India.

 

When one looks at the records of the ancient History of Tamils, one would find references to species like this and one should not forget Lemuria!

 

reference.

http://www.mallstuffs.com/Blogs/BlogDetails.aspx?BlogId=273&BlogType=Spiritual&Topic=Neanderthal%20man%20and%20hominid%20species%20in%20Ramayana

 

http://www.theosophy-nw.org/theosnw/science/sc-moff2.htm

 

Image Credit.

http://ourinfinitelyevolvinguniverse.blogspot.in/2012/07/hanuman-chalisa.html

 

Lands and Peoples By Grolier Incorporated Volume 3 Europe pages 15, 18,19.

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