Posts Tagged ‘India’

Indra In Russia Lake Baikal Vaikhanasa Teertha

In Hinduism on August 19, 2014 at 09:15

My research into Sanatana Dharma having spread through out the world has come to a sort of shape.


Studies on Vedas, Puranas ,Ithihasas and Tamil literature has given me a fair idea.


Cross checking this information with the  geographical information with the Legends and the Physical locations of the world provide some interesting information.


I have written auite a few articles on the evidence of Sanatana Dharma being present throughout the world, with the help of archeological findings, culture and linguistics.


Sanatana Dharma was in practice in Sri Lanka,Malaysia, Cambodia,Vietnam, Laos, Philippines,Japan,Fiji,China, New Zealand, Australia on the eastern side of the present India,


Middle East, Bulgaria, Hungary, Italy,Spain,France, Britain,


African Continent,


South America, Central America,Mexico and North America(US).


This Sanatana Dharma had Dravida or South India conncetion.


This becomes evident when one reads Sanskrit Literature and Hindu religious texts in conjunction with Tamil literature and cross referencing the events found in these texts with the Great floods referred to in them.


Lord Rama’s ancestor Satyavrata Manu migrated from the South , land between Goa and the Indian Ocean, to Ayodhya with his two sons.


His other son with the help of Ganesha and Shiva moved towards the West through the Arabian Sea  and settled down in Europe and Africa.


This happened during the third Great Flood.


But the is another reference to the migration of the people from the Sarasvati Valley/Indus Valley towards North through Afghanistan and Russia .


A group among these moved into Europe as well.


This accounts for the migration of people from Asia into Europe in intermittent waves.


Sagara, he ancestor of Rama, more ancient than Satyavrata Manu who moved from the South to North.


This was the period when Ganga, the Ganges did not flow.


This was subsequently brought (Ganges) by Bhagiratha, Sagara’s descendant.


Sagara fought a great Battle with the Kings of the South,they were also a part of Sanatana Dharma and won.


He banished them to the west through Afghanistan and asked them not to practice Sanatana Dharama, have the heads shaved and cursed them to be called Milechas.

Milecha is the term used in a derogatory sense to indicate the people of the west.

This is also the reason for prohibiting Sanatana Dharma followers from traveling through the Ocean.

Some of these people settled down Russia and moved into Arctic as well.

Among these people who were prohibited from learning the Vedas, some of them did.

They established Sanatana Dharma and Hindu practices in the Arctic and Russia.

The descendents of this group probably came down to India at a later date through SouthEast of Russia, Afghanistan into Indus Valley.


This probably is called the present Indus Valley Civilization.


Now to the evidence of Sanatana Dharam having been present in Russia.


Airavatha Varsha.jpg

Airavatha Varsha as described in Puranas.Airavatha Varsha.


Lake Baikal in Russia.jpg

Lake Baikal in Russia.

In Sudharshana Dweepa” , the rule of Sanatana Dharma was in place.

It had Bharath in the South (rectangle area in the bottom of this picture) with

Hemakuta or Himalayas in its northern limits,

an intermediary Ilavarsha to the north of Himalayas (noted in dark red square in the middle) and

a vast Airavatha varsha in extreme north of the Sudharshana dweepa.

Most of Russia is covered by Airavatha varsha.

Airavatha is the name of the elephant of Indra, the titular king of the Devas.

The Deva territory is close to the North pole where there was sunlight continuously for 6 months and darkness continuously for 6 months.

The elephant, Airavatha  in all probability was the Woolly mammoth which became extinct about 10,000 years ago.


Skanda secured the release of Indra’s son, Jayanthaand killed Sura padma.  (Skanda Puaana)

Skanda described in this purana coincides with Ugra kumara born to Meenakshi and Sundareswara who started the first Sangam assemblage in the South-Madurai (Then-Madurai) in Deep South about 11,000 years ago.(post on this follows)


Before the last glaciation, the territory near north pole was very much habitable. The locations called Amaravathy, capital city of Devas and Uttar Kuru existed in Siberia.


The route to Uttarkuru and Deva territories is explained in Valmiki Ramayana through the narration of Shugreevawho detailed the places to be seen and searched to find out Seetha  in the north of Bharath. (Valmiki Ramayana -4-43)


Read my post On Sugreeva’s direction to vanaras to search for Sita in Peru.

Once having crossed the vast Himalayas, he describes a pure-water  lake called Vaikhanas where sages used to do penance.

This coincides with Lake Baikal.. There is an opinion that the name Russia was derived from Rishi varsha.

There is a mention of Rishi varsha in scriptures which goes well with this region. The presence of Devas  in this part of the globe in a distant past had attracted  sages to this place.


It is derived from the Persian word ‘rana’ or ‘ra’. But this word ‘rasa’ is a straight Sanskrit word meaning essence, juice, nectar, elixir, soup, love, the finest part of anything and so on.

This name perfectly fits with the river of fine water quality From the river’s name Rasa, the name Russia was derived.

Volga’s tributary is called  as ‘Oka’. People connect it with the Latin Aqua which means water, whereas the root word Apa ins again a straight Sanskrit word meaning the same.

From Apa comes ‘aapa-saras’ the  waterway and from that ‘apsaras’ the beautiful girls who enjoy playing in the aapa-saras.

This region of Russia was identified with Apsaras women. Menaka, Urvasi, Thiloththama etc were all apsara women who were known to have seduced men.

Another tributary of Volga is known by a name which is very familiar to any Hindu.

It is river ‘Moksha’ which means salvation in Sanskrit.

There is another tributary nearer to this Moksha called as “Mokswa”.

Moscow got its name from Mokswa because of its location on the banks of this river!

Article to follow on Arctic being a Home of The Vedas.


Vedic Sarasvathi Valley Culture From Dravida South

In Hinduism, India on August 14, 2014 at 10:04

All the cultures  of the world have some sort of records,legends on the Great flood that inundated the world.



These details are found in the Bible, Hinduism,Jewish History and Zend Avesta.


These details are also found among the illiterate ethnic groups in the form of ballads.


Tamil literature deals in detail about the great flood,Kadal Kol.


Tamil Epic, among others, Silappathikaram deals exhastively on his subject


Portions of Tamil Nadu were submerged under the sea including the Then Madurai, the Madurai in Tamil Nadu belongs to a different period.

Bible speaks of One flood.


Considering the historical proof found and the number of references Tamil and Sanskrit references seem to be more authentic and they include the one mentioned in the Bible.


We shall see how these Floods happened and their approximate dates.


“ca. 200,000 to 50,000 BC: evolution of “the Tamilian or Homo Dravida


ca. 200,000 to 100,000 BC: beginnings of the Tamil language,000 BC:



Kumari Kandam civilisation20,000 BC:


A lost Tamil culture of the Easter Island which had an advanced civilisation.


Lemuria submerged6087 BC:


Second Tamil Sangam established by a Pandya king3031 BC:


A Chera prince in his wanderings in the Solomon Islands saw wild sugarcane and started cultivation in Present Tamil nadu.1780 BC:


The Third Tamil Sangam established by a Pandya king7th century BC: Tolkappiyam (the earliest known extant Tamil grammar)



Of the three Floods, the Mahabharata refernce to Chera King ,Udiyan Neduncheralathan having participated in the Mahabharata wa along with Pandya King probably relates to the Second Sangam period as the first Sangam period was wiped out when Lemuria sunk.


This means that the earliest reference to Tamils is from Mahabharata which is dated around 3000 BC.


( However there is enough evidence in the Puranas and the archeological finds in Tamilnadu indicate that the Tamil Culture had thrived during or even before the Vedic, Sarasvati Valley civilization)


The third Sangam was established by a Pandya King and his lineage may be traced back to the Vedic period.


“And, O Yudhishthira, in the country of the Pandyas are the tirthas named Agastya and Varuna! And, O bull among men, there, amongst the Pandavas, is the tirtha called the Kumaris. Listen, O son of Kunti, I shall now describe Tamraparni. In that asylum the gods had undergone penances impelled by the desire of obtaining salvation. In that region also is the lake of Gokarna which is celebrated over the three worlds, hath an abundance of cool waters, and is sacred, auspicious, and capable, O child, of producing great merit. That lake is extremely difficult of access to men of unpurified souls. Mahabharatha 3:88[17]

And similarly, Pandya, who dwelt on the coast-land near the sea, came accompanied by troops of various kinds to Yudhishthira, the king of kings. Mahabharatha 5:19

Steeds that were all of the hue of the Atrusa flower bore a hundred and forty thousand principle car-warriors that followed that Sarangadhwaja, the king of the Pandyas. Mahabharatha 7.23

In return, Malayadhwaja pierced the son of Drona with a barbed arrow. Then Drona’s son, that best of preceptors, smiling the while, struck Pandya with some fierce arrows, capable of penetrating into the very vitals and resembling flames of fire. Mahabharatha 8:20′

Add to this the Bhagavatham stating that the Ancestor of Lord Rama, Satyavrata Manu having migrated to North with two sons to establish a Kingdom in Ayodhya.”


This is a clear indication of the culture from the South moved to North , to Sarasvati Valley and later Indus Valley.


Then there is the Tamil script being found in the Mohenjo-Daro.


One batch of migration from the south took place towards the Sarasvati .


What about the next?


We have references about the Arctic the Home of the Rishis and Vedas, Lemuria and Atlantis being one.


We shall examine in detail




The Oxford History of India, 4th ed. revised by Percival Spear (reprinted Delhi�: OUP, 1974-1998), p.�43.
[2] R.�C. Majumdar, H.�C. Raychaudhuri, Kalikinkar Data, An Advanced History of India (Madras�: Macmillan, 4th ed. 1978).
[3] A.�L. Basham, The Wonder That Was India (Calcutta�: Rupa, 3rd ed. 1981).
[4] K.�A. Nilakanta Sastri, A History of South India (New Delhi�: OUP, 4th edition 1975).
[5] K. V. Raman, Excavations at Uraiyur (Tiruchirapalli) 1965-69 (Madras�: University of Madras, 1988).
[6] K.�V. Soundara Rajan, Kaveripattinam Excavations 1963-73 (New Delhi�: Archaeological Survey of India, 1994).
[7] See The Ancient Port of Arikamedu�New Excavations and Researches 1989-1992, vol. 1, ed. Vimala Begley (Pondicherry�: �cole Fran�aise d�Extr�me-Orient, 1996).
[8] As reported in The New Indian Express (Coimbatore edition), 12 April 2000. The occasion was a debate on �saffronization of the education system,� and the full first part of the quotation is�: �The RSS has gone to the extent of saying that Dravidian civilization is part of Hinduism….�
[9] For a good overview of the archaeological picture of ancient South India, see K.�V. Raman, �Material Culture of South India as Revealed in Archaeological Excavations,� in The Dawn of Indian Civilization (Up To c.�600�BC), ed. G.�C. Pande (Delhi�: Centre for Studies in Civilizations, 1999), p. 531-546.
[10] K.�A. Nilakanta Sastri, A History of South India, p. 84.
[11] Uttankita Sanskrit Vidya Aranya Epigraphs vol. II, Prakrit and Sanskrit Epigraphs 257 BC to 320 AD, ed. K.�G. Krishnan (Mysore�: Uttankita Vidya Aranya Trust, 1989), p.�16 ff, 42 ff.
[12] Ibid., p. 151 ff.
[13] R. Nagaswamy, Art and Culture of Tamil Nadu (New Delhi�: Sundeep Prakashan, 1980), p. 23.
[14] B. Narasimhaiah, Neolithic and Megalithic Cultures in Tamil Nadu (Delhi�: Sundeep Prakashan, 1980), p.�211�; also in Bridget and Raymond Allchin, The Rise of Civilization in India and Pakistan (New Delhi�: Cambridge University Press, 1996), p. 331.
[15] B. Narasimhaiah, Neolithic and Megalithic Cultures in Tamil Nadu, p. 203.
[16] I.�K. Sarma, Religion in Art and Historical Archaeology of South India (Madras�: University of Madras, 1987), p.�33.
[17] K.�V. Raman, Sakti Cult in Tamil Nadu�a Historical Perspective (paper presented at a seminar on Sakti Cult, 9th session of the Indian Art History Congress at Hyderabad, in November 2000�; in press).
[18] William A. Noble, �Nilgiris Prehistoric Remains� in Blue Mountains, ed. Paul Hockings (Delhi�: OUP, 1989), p.�116.
[19]Bridget and Raymond Allchin, The Rise of Civilization in India and Pakistan, p.339-340.
[20] I.�K. Sarma, Religion in Art and Historical Archaeology of South India, p. 35.
[21] Ibid. , p. 34.
[22] K.�V. Raman, Excavations at Uraiyur, p.�84.
[23] K.�V. Raman, Sakti Cult in Tamil Nadu.
[24] K.�V. Soundara Rajan, Kaveripattinam Excavations 1963-73, p. 111-112.
[25] Iravatham Mahadevan, �Pottery Inscriptions in Brahmi and Tamil-Brahmi� in The Ancient Port of Arikamedu, p. 295-296.
[26] K. V. Raman, �A Note on the Square Copper Coin from Arikamedu� in The Ancient Port of Arikamedu, p. 391-392.
[27] R. Krishnamurthy, Sangam Age Tamil Coins (Chennai�: Garnet Publications, 1997). The following examples are drawn from this book.
[28] K. V. Raman, �Archaeological Excavations in Kanchipuram�, in Tamil Civilization, vol. 5, N�1 & 2, p.�70-71.
[29] R. Krishnamurthy, Sangam Age Tamil Coins, p. 26.
[30] Ibid., p. 46-47, etc.
[31] Two important studies in this respect are�: Savita Sharma, Early Indian Symbols (Delhi�: Agam Kala Prakashan, 1990) and H. Sarkar & B.�M. Pande, Symbols and Graphic Representations in Indian Inscriptions(New Delhi�: Aryan Books International, 1999).
[32] K.�A. Nilakanta Sastri, A History of South India, p. 130.
[33] N. Raghunathan, Six Long Poems from Sanham Tamil (reprint Chennai�: International Institute of Tamil Studies, 1997), p.�2, 10.
[34] K.�A. Nilakanta Sastri, A History of South India, p. 130.
[35] Tolkappiyam Marabus 71, 72, 77, 81, quoted by S. Vaiyapuri Pillai in Life of Ancient Tamils.
[36] Tolkappiyam,Porul 166, 176, quoted by K.�V. Sarma, �Spread of Vedic Culture in Ancient South India� in The Adyar Library Bulletin, 1983, 43:1, p.�5.
[37] K.�V. Raman, Sakti Cult in Tamil Nadu.
[38] Paripadal, 8.
[39] Paripadal, 3, 9, etc..
[40] Purananuru, 2, 93, etc. See also invocatory verse.
[41]The last three references are quoted by K.�V. Sarma in �Spread of Vedic Culture in Ancient South India,� p. 5 & 8.
[42] Quoted by K.�V. Sarma in �Spread of Vedic Culture in Ancient South India,� p. 8.
[43] Purananuru, 17 as translated in Tamil Poetry Through the Ages, vol. I, Ettuttokai: the Eight Anthologies, ed. Shu Hikosaka and G. John Samuel (Chennai�: Institute of Asian Studies, 1997), p. 311.
44] Tiruvalluvar, The Kural, translated by P.�S. Sundaram (New Delhi�: Penguin, 1990), p.�19.
[45] For more details on Tiruvalluvar�s indebtedness to Sanskrit texts, see V. R. Ramachandra Dikshitar�s study of the Kural, as quoted by P.�T. Srinivasa Iyengar in History of the Tamils (Madras�: reprinted Asian Educational Services, 1995), p. 589-595.
[46] V. R. Ramachandra Dikshitar, Cilappatikaram (Madras�: 1939, reprinted Chennai�: International Institute of Tamil Studies, 1997), p.�57,
[47] R. Nagaswamy, Art and Culture of Tamil Nadu, p. 7.
[48] P. S. Subrahmanya Sastri, An Enquiry into the Relationship of Sanskrit and Tamil (Trivandrum�: University of Travancore, 1946), chapter 3.
[49] See for instance�: K.�A. Nilakanta Sastri, �Sanskrit Elements in Early Tamil Literature,� in Essays in Indian Art, Religion and Society, ed. Krishna Mohan Shrimali (New Delhi�: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd., 1987)�; K.�V. Sarma, �Spread of Vedic Culture in Ancient South India� in The Adyar Library Bulletin, 1983, 43:1�; Rangarajan, �Aryan Dravidian Racial Dispute from the Point of View of Sangam Literature,� inThe Aryan Problem, eds. S.�B. Deo & Suryanath Kamath (Pune�: Bharatiya Itihasa Sankalana Samiti, 1993), p. 81-83.
[50] K. V. Raman, �Religious Inheritance of the Pandyas,� in Sree Meenakshi Koil Souvenir (Madurai, n.d.), p.�168.
[51] Ibid., p.�168-170.
[52] V. R. Ramachandra Dikshitar, Cilappatikaram, p.�53.
[53] Ibid., p.�58.
[54] John Ralston Marr, The Eight AnthologiesA Study in Early Tamil Literature (Madras�: Institute of Asian Studies, 1985), p.�vii.
[55] K.�A. Nilakanta Sastri, �Sanskrit Elements in Early Tamil Literature,� p. 45 (emphasis mine).
[56] John R. Marr, �The Early Dravidians,� in A Cultural History of India, ed. A.�L. Basham (Delhi�: OUP, 1983), p.�34.
[57] Kamil Zvelebil, The Smile of Murugan�: On Tamil Literature of South India (Leiden�: E.�J. Brill, 1973), p.�20, quoted in Ganapathy Subbiah, Roots of Tamil Religious Thought (Pondicherry�: Pondicherry Institute of Linguistics and Culture, 1991), p.6.
[58] Ibid.
[59] M.�G.�S. Narayanan, �The Vedic-Puranic-Shastraic Element in Tamil Sangam Society and Culture,� in Essays in Indian Art, Religion and Society, p. 128.
[60] Ibid., p. 139.
[61] N. Raghunathan, Six Long Poems from Sanham Tamil, p. 32.
[62]Ganapathy Subbiah, Roots of Tamil Religious Thought, p. 5.
[63] N. Subrahmanian, The Tamils�Their History, Culture and Civilization(Madras� Institute of Asian Studies, 1996), p. 118.
[64] Ganapathy Subbiah, Roots of Tamil Religious Thought, p. 160.
[65] Swami Vivekananda, �Reply to the Madras Address,� The Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda (Advaita Ashrama, 1948), p. 278.



Human Migration World History India

In History on August 12, 2014 at 19:16

I have often wondered about terms like Domicile and migration.

Human migration.png

Human migration.png


If we understand History and follow it, we shall know that no one can claim to be a domicile of any place!


The movement of Humans from prehistoric times is so complex and changing, it is impossible to say who was in one place first.


Whenever we read History of Human migration we find that when people move from one place,it is stated that they mixed with the people in that place.


How did these people come to be there?


And from where?


If migration takes place it has to be from one place to another.


The place from where they moved from, how did they arrive there at the first place?


European History says that Asia served as a sort of reservoir for Humans to migrate from.


How did they come to be there at all?


European history says, in migration, people came in waves from Asian, through the Urals and Russia, through the landmass of mideast .


The group that came through Russia settled down and mingled with people over there.


The other group .


The first wave settled in Spain Pyrenees, North of Africa, in England,Scotland and Wales,and in Gaul.


The second wave settled in Bulgaria, Hungary


The third wave Huns, settled finally in Germany, after raiding all the ethnic groups settled before them.


Then there were the Vikings who raided the Gauls, Anglo-Saxon.


However all the information here are theories.


There is yet another theory that states that people migrated from Africa.


Curious is that while the west acknowledges that The Vedas are the first Literature of Mankind and were in existence at least from 5000 BC

no body bothers to check the refernces found in the Vedas , Puranas, and Ithihasas on people, culture and places.


There is another Language and civilisation found in India which is as old as the Vedas .




Tamil literature is at least 500o years old.


Puranas quote Tamils, Tamil Kings.


Ramayana and Mahabharata do the same.


References are found in Sanskrit Literature, Tamil Literature  ,Vedas Puranas ,Ramayana and Mahabharata about people and places which are now Europe, US,Africa, Russia,


Middle east, Iran, Southeast Asia, Polynesia .


These references are not used, I presume, it hurts the pride of these scholars to accept India as a the cradle of Human Civilisation.


So overwhelming are the artifacts and archeological finds, they have to grudgingly accept Indus Valley civilisation!


They are yet to accept the Sarasvati Valley Civilisation.


The Tamil civilisation is totally ignored as also the influence of this culture in Huan Migration in world History.


I have also noticed a curious fact,


Hindu,Indian Religious, Cultural artifacts and archeological finds are found all over the world.


I have quite a few posts on this under Hinduism.


But not a single artifact or archeological find has been found in India relating to History or culture or Religion of the other civilisations in the world which predate Vedic period or Tamil culture.


I shall be examining the concept of Human migration from Dravida to rest of the world, including the Sarasvati Valley civilization.


This will be with help of Vedas, Puranas,Ramayana, Mahabharata, Tamil and Sanskrit Literature.





Manu Statue In Philippines Assembly Hindu Empire

In Hinduism on August 12, 2014 at 12:02

I am in the process of researching Human immigration in the world.


Hindu Deities Philipines,jpg

“Most of the folklore of the Philippines is of Hindu origin.” Sanskrit words are found in abundance in the local languages, indicating deep cultural and linguistic ties. Ramayana is still a popular play in some parts of the country. (image source: Hindu-Buddhist Art of Vietnam: Treasures from Champa – By Emmanuel Guillon)


Widely accepted theories are that


people migrated from Africa,


from south-east of Urals.


The movement of people into Europe is from Asia.


One wave settled in Spain,Africa.


The second wave consisting of Magyars, Bulgars settled in the countries which are called by these names now.


Hun wave also started from Asia.


The  movement from Urals resulted in Saraswati River valley, which later became the Vedic civilization of Mohenja Daro.


I am skeptical of these theories as they do not seem to be backed by adequate evidence.


By referring to Puarans, Archelogy.Linguistics and cultural affinity, the movement of humans seem to have been from India, that  too from the South.


I have posted some articles on this, under Hinduism


Satyavrata Manu, ancestor of Lord Rama, moved from the south to Ayodhya.


Please refer my post on this.


I am collecting information from the sources mentioned above.


I have been posting periodically the evidence of Hinduism and Hindu Culture throughout the world.


Now to the information of Hinduism being the first religion of Philippines.


Philippines was a part of Sri Vijaya Empire, based at Java.


Tamil literature speaks in detail about the  Sri Vijaya Empire and many tamil kings invaded this empire and some them even married princesses,


To signify this, Philipines has, Manu’s picture in the National Assembly of Philippines.


At present Manila is the capital of the Philippines. In the National Assembly Hall, behind the president’s seat, is a picture of Manu. Manu taught law to the Philippines, hence this picture. This shows the relation of the ancient Hindu culture to the Philippines.

When the Philippines drafted its Constitution, it placed the statue of Manu (the progenitor and lawgiver of the human race) in the National Assembly Hall with this inscription on its base: “The first, the greatest and the wisest law-giver of mankind.” Researches into the racial and cultural origins of the Philippines increasingly prove that it was colonized by some people in South India. In fact, the script of the Filipinos has some obvious similarities with that of South India. “Our dialects belong to the Dravidian family.” says Justice Romualdez. “The names of some places on the shores of Manila Bay and the coast of Luzon show their Sanskrit origin.”..


Dr Pardo de Tavera (1857 – 1925) has observed:

“It is impossible to believe that the Hindus, if they came only as merchants, however great their number, would have impressed themselves in such a way as to give to these islanders, the Philippines, the number and the kind of words, which they did give. These names of dignitaries,of caciques, of high functionaries of the court, of noble ladies, indicate that these high positions, with names of Sanskrit origin, were occupied at one time by men, who spoke that language. The words of similar origin, for objects of war, fortresses and battle songs, for designating objects of religious beliefs, for superstitions, emotions, feelings, industrial and farming activities, show us clearly that the warfare, religion, literature, industry and agriculture were at once time in the hands of the Hindus and that this race was effectively dominant in the Philippines.”




In 1990, Antoon Postma, a Dutch expert in ancient Philippine scripts and Mangyan writing, and a long-time resident of the Philippines, translated the document that came to be known as the Laguna Copperplate Inscription (LCI). When he saw that the writing looked similar to the ancient Indonesian script called Kavi, and that the document bore a date from the ancient Sanskrit calendar, he enlisted the help of fellow Dutchman, Dr. Johann de Casparis, whose area of expertise was ancient Indonesia.

Casparis confirmed that the script and the words used in the Laguna document were exactly the same as those that were used on the island Java at the time stated in the document, which was the year 822, in the old Hindu calendar or the year 900 C.E. (Common Era) on our calendar.

In 1996, a Filipino history buff in California, Hector Santos, precisely converted the Sanskrit date over to our calendar by using astronomical software and some historical detective work. He determined that the Sanskrit date written on the plate was exactly Monday, April 21, 900 C.E.


swasti shaka warsatita 822 waisakha masa di(ng) jyotisa.

caturthi kresnapaksa somawara sana tatkala dayang angkatan lawan dengan ña sanak barngaran si bukah anak da dang hwan namwaran dibari waradana wi shuddhapattra ulih sang pamegat senapati di tundun barja(di) dang hwan nayaka tuhan pailah jayadewa.

di krama dang hwan namwaran dengan dang kayastha shuddha nu diparlappas hutang da walenda kati 1 suwarna 8 dihadapan dang huwan nayaka tuhan puliran kasumuran.

dang hwan nayaka tuhan pailah barjadi ganashakti. dang hwan nayaka tuhan binwangan barjadi bishruta tathapi sadana sanak kapawaris ulih sang pamegat dewata [ba]rjadi sang pamegat medang dari bhaktinda diparhulun sang pamegat. ya makaña sadaña anak cucu dang hwan namwaran shuddha ya kapawaris dihutang da dang hwan namwaran di sang pamegat dewata.

ini grang syat syapanta ha pashkat ding ari kamudyan ada grang urang barujara welung lappas hutang da dang hwa

Long Live! Year of Siyaka 822, month of Waisaka, according to astronomy. The fourth day of the waning moon, Monday. On this occasion, Lady Angkatan, and her brother whose name is Buka, the children of the Honourable Namwaran, were awarded a document of complete pardon from the Commander in Chief of Tundun, represented by the Lord Minister of Pailah, Jayadewa.

By this order, through the scribe, the Honourable Namwaran has been forgiven of all and is released from his debts and arrears of 1 katî and 8 suwarnabefore the Honourable Lord Minister of Puliran, Ka Sumuran by the authority of the Lord Minister of Pailah.

Because of his faithful service as a subject of the Chief, the Honourable and widely renowned Lord Minister of Binwangan recognized all the living relatives of Namwaran who were claimed by the Chief of Dewata, represented by the Chief of Medang.

Yes, therefore the living descendants of the Honourable Namwaran are forgiven, indeed, of any and all debts of the Honourable Namwaran to the Chief of Dewata.

This, in any case, shall declare to whomever henceforth that on some future day should there be a man who claims that no release from the debt of the Honourable…



Citation and more information at.


Camouflaged Kurma Temple With Vaishnodevi

In Hinduism on August 12, 2014 at 08:25

The legend of Kurma,Turtle, appeas in many cultures,including India.


Legend as it that during the churning of the Ocean of Milk ,Samudra Mantanam, Lord Vishnu took the form of a Turtle, Kurma to support the Mounain to enable it to remain steady.

Kurmam Temple.jpg

Kurmam Temple.

I am not aware of any temple dedicated to the Avatar of Kurma ,except  one.

Kurmnatha is housed in Sri Kurmam Temple, Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh.


Group of Tortoise inKurma Temple.jpg.

Group of Tortoise inKurma Temple.


How To reach Srkakulam.



106 Km from Vishakhapatnam.

266 Km from Rajahmundry.



Srikakulam Road. Trains are available from all major Cities in India.



Srikakulam, Buses are available from many cities in Andhra Pradesh.


Ari Kurmanathar Temple is about 15 Km from Srikakulam and Buses are available .


Srikakulam has reasonable accommodation.


Features of Kurma Temple.

1.Unlike Vishnu Temples, Abhisheka is performed for the Murthi daily.

2.Two Dwajasthambas are found as the Murthi is facing West.

3.To save the Temple from Muslim invaders the entire temple was camouflaged in Lime stone coating and it can be seen even now.

4.Only temple dedicated to Kurma Avatar

5.Only temple where Durga Devi is found ina Vishnu Temple as Vaisnodevi.

6.Prasadam of this temple as curative powers.

7..Mural Paintings found here are made withe vegetable colors like Ajantha temple.

8.Lord Vishnu dug the temple tank himself.


It’s same that Lord Mahavishnu Himself dug the pool together with his Sudarshan Chakra. A shower within the Pushkarini can take away all sins and destroy diseases particularly inflammatory disease, rheumatism and body pains. Pitru ( father )Karmas also are performed here. The departed souls take rest in peace during this Kshetra

9.“KAASI DWARAM” – the under ground tunnel  to Varanasi in north eastern corner of the Pradakshina Mandapam is another magnificent piece of ancient engineering skills. The entry is closed now, since many wild animals and snakes were entering the Temple.

10.Rites for the departed are performed here.



Temple address.







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