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Posts Tagged ‘History’

Murugan A Vedic God Harappan Tamil Script Proves

In Hinduism on October 30, 2014 at 18:57

I have posted earlier that Murugan is Not a Tamil God.

 

I have also posted with references that the Sanatana Dharma originated in the South.

 

Vaivastha Manu migrated from the South,to North, Saraswathi Valley, because of Tsunami.

 

Lord Murugan Tiruchendur.jpg

Shanmugan,Tiruchendur

 

Lord Shiva, Ganesha and Murugan migrated through the Arabian Peninsula to the West.

 

In their mission of dividing Indians , the British rewrote History through self-styled researchers like Caldwell and other covert,:German Missionaries like Max Mueller,

 

The same thing happened in Tamil, an ancient Indian language.

 

Tamil along with Sanskrit was in use in Bharat.

 

To divide the people by Aryan Dravidian Theory,Murugan, a Vedic God Skanda was turned into an independent Tamil God by misinterpreting and in some case by out right lies.

 

The finding of Tamil Script in Harappa and Sarswathi Valley, the Vedic seals in Arikkamedu and Adicha nallur in Pondicherry,Tamil Nadu nail the mischief.

 

In addition the ideograms of the Indus Script confirms that Murugan is a Vedic God.

Harappan Script for Murugan.gif.

Parpola has proposed reading a pair of signs as ‘bangles + squirrel’ (Fig.III b), interpreting it as a divine title. The second sign appears to depict a small animal perched on a tree branch. Parpola has, in my opinion, convincingly shown that this animal is the striped palm squirrel shown in its characteristic posture of hanging upside down. Two faience figurines of the palm squirrel have been found at Mohenjodaro. The Tamil word for squirrel is anil (*canil). This loveable creature is often endearingly referred to as anil pillai (pillai being the general term for ‘young one’). Parpola suggests that pillai by itself can mean ‘squirrel’ and the usage may go back to Proto-Dravidian as indicated by the words warce, verce (Gondi) and pirca (Parji) which mean ‘squirrel’ and are, according to him, cognates of pillay, Thus he reads the pair of signs as muruku pillay taken as referring to the god Murukan with the title pillay. Pillai is attested in Tamil as an appellation of Murukan, as the son of Siva.
Parpola departs in this case from his own rules of rebus, which require the finding of another meaning for the same word ( * canil), and not for an associated term ( * pillay). Further as far as I know, there seems to be no attested usage in Dravidian for pillay by itself to mean ‘squirrel’. The suffix pillai is added in Tamil to a wide variety of words to indicate the ‘young of the species” and not specifically or even mainly to the squirrel. As regards the Gondi and Parji words for ‘squirrel’ cited by Parpola, the suggested derivation from * pillay is not supported by regular phonetic correspondences.

3.2 As seen earlier, the two defining characteristics of the pictorial depictions of the Harappan deity are (a) a skeletal body, and (b) bent and contracted posture. The Dr. etyma with the nearest meanings are as follows.34

(a) ‘To be shrivelled‘ (DEDR 4972):

Ma. muratuka: to shrivel; muraluka: id., decay.

Ka. muratu, murutu, muruntu: shrink, shrivel.

Tu. muruntu: shrunk, shrivelled.

Nk. mural: to wither.

Kur. murdna: to be dried to excess.

(b) ‘To be contracted’ (DEDR 4977):

Ta. muri: to bend; murivu: contracting, fold; muri (nimir): (to stretch by) winding limbs.

Ka. murige: bending, twisting; muruhu: a bend, curve, a crooked object;

Ka. muratu, murutu, muruntu: to be bent or drawn together, state of being contracted.(DEDR 4972).

Tu. muri: curve, twist; murige: twist.

Pa. murg: to be bent; murgal: hunchback.

Ga. murg: to bend; murgen: bent; murug: to bend down.

Go. moorga: humpbacked.

(cf: Pkt. muria: twisted; old Mar. mured: to twist.)

We may infer from the linguistic data summarised in (a) and (b) that PDr. * mur/mur-V is the primitive root from which words with the meanings ‘shrivelled’ and ‘contracted’ have been derived.

3.3 We may now proceed to apply the technique of rebus to try and discover the Dr. homonyms with the intended meanings.

(c) ‘Strong, fierce, wild, fighting‘ (DEDR 4971) :

Ta. muratu: ill-temper, wildness, rudeness; muran: fight, battle, fierceness, strength.

Ma. muran: fight, strength.

Ko. mort: violence (of action); mordn: violent man.

Tu. murle: quarrelsome man.

Te. moratu: rude man.

(d) ‘To destroy, kill‘ (DEDR.4975) :

Ta. murukku: to destroy, kill; murunku : to be destroyed.

Ma. muruka: to cut.

Kol., Nk. murk: to split, break.

Kui. mrupka: to kill, murder.

Kur. murukna: to mangle, mutilate.

Malt. murke: to cut into bits.

(e) ‘Ancient‘ (DEDR. 4969) :

Ta. murancu: to be old, ancient; muri: antiquity.

Kol., Pa. murtal: old woman.

Nk: murtal : old woman.

Go. mur-: to mature.

The two sets of etyma in (c) and (d) taken together indicate that the original name of the deity was something like * mur/mur-V and that his essential traits were those of a fierce god, destroyer or hunter.

3.4 The legends and myths surrounding the deity have become inextricably mixed up and both sets of etyma in groups (a) to (d) apply to him. In short, the deity was both ‘a departed soul or demon’ as indicated by his skeletal body and contracted posture, and also ‘a fierce killer or hunter’ as indicated by the Dr. etyma. Furthermore, the linguistic data in (e) can be interpreted to mean that the deity was considered to be ‘ancient’ even in Harappan times.

3.5 In the concluding part of the Paper, we shall compare the traits of the Harappan Skeletal Deity as revealed by the pictorial depictions and linguistic data summarised above, with those of muruku (Murukan), the primitive god of the Tamils as recorded in the earliest layers of the Cankam poetry.35

3.6 The most striking aspect of muruku is that he had no form; he was a disembodied spirit or demon who manifested himself only by possessing his priest or a young maiden. When muruku possessed him, the priest (velan) went into a trance and performed the shamanic dance in a frenzy (veri atal). When muruku possessed the maiden (anankutal), her mother called in the priest (velan) to perform the veri dance to pacify the spirit and restore the girl to her senses.36

3.7 The second prominent trait of muruku was of a ‘wrathful killer’ indicating his prowess as a war-god and hunter.37

3.8 The only physical traits which may be attributed to the primitive muruku are his red colour (cey) associated with blood and bloody sacrifices, and his spear (vel) associated with killing enemies and hunting animals. As muruku had no material body, these two physical traits are shown to belong to his priest, velan the ‘spear-bearer’ who wore red clothes and offered red flowers in ritual worship involving the sacrifice of goats and fowls. There were no temples in the earliest times, and the worship was carried out in the open field (kalam) before a wooden altar.

3.9 Another very ancient aspect of the worship of Murukan, not alluded to in the Cankam poems, but strongly supported by Tamil tradition, is the ritual carrying of offerings on the kavati (yoke with the offerings tied to the ends by ropes). The Paharpur plaques noticed above may also be compared with the Tamil legends of muruku (the demon) and Itumpan, his kavati-bearing worshipper.38

3.10 Much of the later Tamil literature, and virtually all the Tamil inscriptions and iconographic motifs have been heavily influenced by the Sanskritic traditions of Skanda-Karttikeya-Kumara and have very little in common with the primitive muruku except the name Murukan.39 Even the meaning of his name has undergone a radical transformation from muruku ‘the demon or destroyer’ to Murukan ‘the beautiful one’, consistent with the later notion that gods must be ‘beautiful’ and demons ‘ugly’. As P.L. Samy points out in his incisive study of Murukan in the Cankam works, there is no support for the later meaning in the earliest poems. He derives muruku (Murukan) and murukku ‘to destroy’ from Dr. muru-, and endorses the identification of Murukan with muradeva (a class of demons) mentioned in the Rgveda, as proposed by Karmarkar.40

3.1 1 The muruku of the early Tamil society before the Age of Sanskritization was a primitive tribal god conceived as a ‘demon’ who possessed people and as a ‘wrathful killer or hunter’. This characterisation of the earliest Tamil muruku is in complete accord with his descent from the Harappan Skeletal Deity with similar traits revealed through pictorial depictions, early myths and Dravidian linguistic data.

* I differ with the point 3.1.1 , as the Harappan civilization is from the South.

Citation.

http://murugan.org/research/mahadevan.htm

Cataclysms Hinduism Human Migration Series 1

In Hinduism on August 13, 2014 at 09:17

This is in continuation of Human migration in the world.

 

This, based on Vishnu Purana, briefly explains the cataclysmic events that struck/strike the earth.

 

 

Earth becomes habitable after this.

 

It is worth noting that Hinduism believes in te Nn Linear theory of Time, tat is the Cyclic Theory, which means that there is nor beginning and no end and that Time is eternal;as such events keep on happening with regularity.For more read my post Time, Non Liner,Cyclic.

 

There are three type of  cataclysms described in the Vishnu Purana, all the Puranas declare the same, with no variations.

 

1.Naimithika Pralaya.

 

This takes place at the end of Lord Brahma‘s Day, One Kalpa.

 

This happens after one Maha Yuga, that is one Chatur Yugas, each Yuga cycle containing Four Yugas,Kruta,Tretha,Dwapara and Kali.

 

This is equivalent to 4.32 billion human years.

 

At the end of this period dissolution starts.

 

During the last Hundred Years(Human), there will be severe Drought.

 

Living Beings shall become ver weak.

Lord Vishnu, in the form of Rudra unsettles the Living Beings.

 

The Seven rays of the Sun become too long(Infrared?)

 

Water will be sucked out of the earth.

 

The seven rays are.

 

Aarohan,

Praajan,

Pataran,

Pathangan,

Swanaran,

Jyothishman and

Vibhaasan.

The world shall be enveloped in fire.

Excepting evolved souls all others shall perish.

 

Of the evolved souls, Brahma Gnanis shall reach Brahma Loka through Satya and Thapo Loka.

The ruling class of Manu dynasty, shall go first toMahar Loka:finding tat to be too hot, they shall reach Jana Loka along with Mahar Loka residents.

 

This is naimithika Pralaya.

 

2.Prakrutha  Pralaya.

 

This takes place at te end of Brahma’s Life cycle.

 

This is two parathas, equivalent to 10 to te power of Eighteen years(Human)

 

That is at the end of 200.000,000,000,000,000 Years.

 

Current estimate of Earth.

 

The Earth is a little over 4.5 billion years old, its oldest materials being 4.3 billion-year-old zircon crystals. Its earliest times were geologically violent, and it suffered constant bombardment from meteorites. When this ended, the Earth cooled and its surface solidified to a crust – the first solid rocks. There were no continents as yet, just a global ocean peppered with small islands. Erosion, sedimentation and volcanic activity – possibly assisted by more meteor impacts – eventually created small proto-continents which grew until they reached roughly their current size 2.5 billion years ago. The continents have since repeatedly collided and been torn apart, so maps of Earth in the distant past are quite different to today’s.

 

 

So there are Four Cataclysmic events involving Water on the Earth and let us see how this is reflected in Tamil and Sanskrit literature.

 

There is a major differnce between Naimithika Pralaya and Prakrutha Pralaya.

 

I shall be posting on this in detail.

 

Citation:

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/history_of_the_earth

 

 

 

 

Human Migration World History India

In History on August 12, 2014 at 19:16

I have often wondered about terms like Domicile and migration.

Human migration.png

Human migration.png

 

If we understand History and follow it, we shall know that no one can claim to be a domicile of any place!

 

The movement of Humans from prehistoric times is so complex and changing, it is impossible to say who was in one place first.

 

Whenever we read History of Human migration we find that when people move from one place,it is stated that they mixed with the people in that place.

 

How did these people come to be there?

 

And from where?

 

If migration takes place it has to be from one place to another.

 

The place from where they moved from, how did they arrive there at the first place?

 

European History says that Asia served as a sort of reservoir for Humans to migrate from.

 

How did they come to be there at all?

 

European history says, in migration, people came in waves from Asian, through the Urals and Russia, through the landmass of mideast .

 

The group that came through Russia settled down and mingled with people over there.

 

The other group .

 

The first wave settled in Spain Pyrenees, North of Africa, in England,Scotland and Wales,and in Gaul.

 

The second wave settled in Bulgaria, Hungary

 

The third wave Huns, settled finally in Germany, after raiding all the ethnic groups settled before them.

 

Then there were the Vikings who raided the Gauls, Anglo-Saxon.

 

However all the information here are theories.

 

There is yet another theory that states that people migrated from Africa.

 

Curious is that while the west acknowledges that The Vedas are the first Literature of Mankind and were in existence at least from 5000 BC

no body bothers to check the refernces found in the Vedas , Puranas, and Ithihasas on people, culture and places.

 

There is another Language and civilisation found in India which is as old as the Vedas .

 

Tamil.

 

Tamil literature is at least 500o years old.

 

Puranas quote Tamils, Tamil Kings.

 

Ramayana and Mahabharata do the same.

 

References are found in Sanskrit Literature, Tamil Literature  ,Vedas Puranas ,Ramayana and Mahabharata about people and places which are now Europe, US,Africa, Russia,

 

Middle east, Iran, Southeast Asia, Polynesia .

 

These references are not used, I presume, it hurts the pride of these scholars to accept India as a the cradle of Human Civilisation.

 

So overwhelming are the artifacts and archeological finds, they have to grudgingly accept Indus Valley civilisation!

 

They are yet to accept the Sarasvati Valley Civilisation.

 

The Tamil civilisation is totally ignored as also the influence of this culture in Huan Migration in world History.

 

I have also noticed a curious fact,

 

Hindu,Indian Religious, Cultural artifacts and archeological finds are found all over the world.

 

I have quite a few posts on this under Hinduism.

 

But not a single artifact or archeological find has been found in India relating to History or culture or Religion of the other civilisations in the world which predate Vedic period or Tamil culture.

 

I shall be examining the concept of Human migration from Dravida to rest of the world, including the Sarasvati Valley civilization.

 

This will be with help of Vedas, Puranas,Ramayana, Mahabharata, Tamil and Sanskrit Literature.

 

 

 

 

Where Is The Reference To The Bible

In Hinduism on August 6, 2014 at 18:03

India and Hinsuim is pilloried for its tardiness in maintaing its History.

 

There  are no historical references, no continuity in Indian History nor any official crdible History.

 

This is the view among most of the Indians, that most of Indian History is a fable.

 

The west is not far from holding this view.

 

Is this a Fact?

 

Let us look at some facts.

 

1.References of Hindu Epics and The Veda are found in the literature that existed in the corresponding period where/when they came  into existence.

 

I have not used the term written as the Vedas, it is believed were not written and they were transmitted orally over Five Thousand Years.

 

 

The Mahabharata refers to the Ramayana.

 

 

The Puranas refer to both Ramayana and the Bible, not to speak of the Vedas.

 

All the literary works in India refer to the Vedas, Ramayana and the Mahabharata.

 

These are works belonging to the years before Christ.

 

2.Post Christ Era.

 

All the works in India refer to all of these at least in the two languages I know, Sanskrit and Tamil, of these Tamil is at least 500 year old.

 

Tamil works of the Sangam period which are t least 500 years older than the Bible quotes the Hindu Epics and the Vedas.

 

Old Testament.jpg

Old Testament.

 

One of the major tools in determing the existence of a Literay work or event is the cross refernce in the  Text, refernce to it by works of the same period

and its refernce to it at least in the earliest succeeding work.

 

Hinduism fulfills these tests.

 

What about the Bible?

 

Bible is taken so seriously that people have fixed even time scale on Christ!

 

Has the Bible been referred to in the works of the same period or in the period immediately succeeding it?

 

I do not seem to find it anywhere.

 

Excepting Bible refrences in the non Cannonical texts of the Bible.

 

All the cannonical texts are taken as  a part of the Bible.

 

This is like Ramayana proving Ramyana in itself!-by taliking about it in The Ramayana.

 

And the Hebrew Bible called Hebrew Bible, also known as the Tanakh by Jews, is the earliest refernce to The Bible.

 

And the Tanakh is dated at  2 Century BC, that is 200 Years before Christ!

 

4.

“Perhaps the most obvious way that the Bible has inspired writers can be seen in the ways that works of literature actually retell stories found in the Bible. John Milton’s Paradise Lost, for example, retells the biblical fall of man in a long, epic poem, including Satan’s rebellion against God and Adam and Eve’s expulsion from Eden.

Similarly, John Steinbeck‘s East of Eden is roughly structured around the biblical story of Cain and Abel. Another example can be seen in C.S. Lewis’s The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe. Following the biblical story of God as the all-powerful savior, Lewis uses the Bible to create parts of his plot,   by especially with the return of King Aslan, which parallels Jesus’s return.

Other writers take images in the Bible and expand on them or use them as a setting, such as Dante, who used the Bible’s description of the afterlife to create an epic 3-volume poem that explores Hell, Purgatory, and Heaven, titled the Divine Comedy.”

 

 

And Dante’s period is  1265–1321 !, full 1200 Years after Christ.

 

Why there is no reference to The Bible at all in the earlier works between the Bible and the Divine Comedy?

 

 

Perhaps there was no literature!

 

3.The Bible should have been referred to corresponding literature of the same period.

 

I do not find any reference at all.

 

Now which History is credible?

 

Hinduism where Rama’s and Krishna’s dates have been proved,places mentioned have been identified, refernces to them are found every where in Indian Literature,in Japan,Cambodia, Laos,Lanka, Russia, Italy,Americas,and Africa or

 

The Bible and the western History?

 

 

http://education-portal.com/academy/lesson/the-bible-as-literary-influence-references-and-allusion.html#lesson

Hanuman Vanaras Are Neanderthals Of India

In Hinduism on July 18, 2014 at 19:59

Recently I have been going through the Geological characteristic of Europe and its History.

 

The essence is.

 

1.Asia remained as reservoir of all races moving in to Europe.

 

2.For reasons not very known’ Humans started pushing towards Europe, this is presumed to be due to a cataclysmic event like flood or long dry periods.

 

3.Access to Europe was easy as the Russian plains were there to cross over effortlessly.

 

4.The complex structure of European geological features made these groups entering into Europe to become small groups settling n pockets.

 

The Basques settled in the North of Pyrenees, Celts in Wales,Ireland and north-west of Scotland,Lombard in Italy,

 

In the Fourth Century AD, out of Asia came the Huns,predecessor of Germans),Tatars.

 

Later came the Magyars, who are in Hungary,Bulgar in Bulgaria .

 

Neanderthal Man.jpg

Neanderthal Man.

 

 

Then came the Turks.

Hanuman.jpg

Hanuman.

 

All from Asia!

 

Unsettling fact is that these groups seem to have displaced the existing groups in these areas!

 

Who are they and where did they come from?

 

I shall discuss this later and now proceed to Vanaras and Neanderthals.

 

Though it is accepted fact that the migration started from Asia into Europe,there seems to be no evidence of Neanderthal type of man in India.

 

The reason could have been a cataclysm like great fire or Flood.

 

Europe  did not witness such a cataclysm.

 

Hence the remains of such type of evidence has not been found as it might be deep down the water  or incinerated, the remains might be charred and

need  detailed investigation.

 

But, as I have been maintaining  my posts, there is this obsession to follow the History(?) of Europe through European sources, when these sources quote Asian/Indian resources for their first migration !

 

The earliest Epic of Mankind, The Ramayana gives a clear description of the type of Species.

 

Valimki states that when Rama decided to attack Ravana He gave a call through  Sugreeva.

 

The Vanaras came from  all the places from Madhya Pradesh,South India, and from the place ‘where the Sun always shines or always sets”

 

The last one is Polar regions.

 

Valmiki also mentions that the Vanaras were dominant in South India, they were concentrated in Kishkinta, they had high foreheads and features (resembling the Vanaras), and they lived in caves.

 

One can find these warren of Caves in the remains of Hampi which was earlier Kishkinta.

 

Vanaras  meansVan( forest) and Naras, man like beings in Forests.

 

In Mahabharata Lord Krishna says the Species to which Jambhavan belonged was near extinct( one must remember Jambhavan appears, along with Hanuman in both Ramayana and Mahabharata).

 

The description of Jambhavan in the Ramayana resembles the Yeti.

 

Some Indologists speak of these being s having lived in South India 5,00, 000 years ago!

 

Neanderthals  could speak and reason out, though the later point is being disputed .

 

One needs to analyse the Kishkinda Kanda of Ramayana.

 

It seems to me that Hanuman and Vanaras belonged to the equivalent of what is known as Neanderthal in the west.

 

Indian Neanderthal ( why can’t we call the species as Vanaras)  are the Vanaras and they populated the South India.

 

When one looks at the records of the ancient History of Tamils, one would find references to species like this and one should not forget Lemuria!

 

reference.

http://www.mallstuffs.com/Blogs/BlogDetails.aspx?BlogId=273&BlogType=Spiritual&Topic=Neanderthal%20man%20and%20hominid%20species%20in%20Ramayana

 

http://www.theosophy-nw.org/theosnw/science/sc-moff2.htm

 

Image Credit.

http://ourinfinitelyevolvinguniverse.blogspot.in/2012/07/hanuman-chalisa.html

 

Lands and Peoples By Grolier Incorporated Volume 3 Europe pages 15, 18,19.

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