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Posts Tagged ‘Hinduism’

Saraswati Is Benzaiten Japanese God Of Eloquence

In Hinduism, Hindusim on December 17, 2014 at 18:53

Yet another evidence that Sanatana Dharma existed throughout the world , later carried to various parts,modified to suit the local customs.

That those customs were also similar to those followed by Sanatana Dharma.

Goddess Saraswati.jpg

Saraswati,Goddess of Learning in Hinduism

 

Benzaiten (, ) is the Japanese name of the goddess Saraswati; there was an important river in ancient India of this name (see Vedic Saraswati River). Worship of Benzaiten arrived in Japan during the 6th through 8th centuries, mainly via the Chinese translations of theSutra of Golden Light“, which has a section devoted to her. She is also mentioned in the Lotus Sutra.

Her Sanskrit name isSarasvatî Devî“, which meansflowing water“, and so Benzaiten is the goddess of everything that flows: water, words (and knowledge, by extension), speech, eloquence, and music. The characters used initially to write her name, readBiancaitianin Chinese andBensaitenin Japanese (辯才天), reflected her role as the goddess of eloquence. Because the Sutra of Golden Light promised protection of the state, in Japan she became a protector-deity, at first of the state and then of people. Lastly, she became one of the Seven Gods of Fortune, and the Sino-Japanese characters used to write her name changed to 弁財天 (Benzaiten), which reflects her role in bestowing monetary fortune. Sometimes she is called Benten, although this name refers to the goddess Lakshmi.

Statue of Benzaiten with a torii on her head.jpg

Hogonji in Nagahama, Shiga prefecture, Japan. Statue of Benzaiten with a torii on her head

In the Rig-Veda (6.61.7) Sarasvati is credited with killing the three-headed Vritra, also known as Ahi (“snake“). This is probably one of the sources of Sarasvati/Benzaitens close association with snakes and dragons in Japan. She is enshrined on the Island of Enoshima in Sagami Bay, about 50 kilometers south of Tokyo, and numerous other locations throughout Japan; and she and a five-headed dragon are the central figures of the Enoshima Engi, a history of the shrines on Enoshima written by the Japanese Buddhist monk Kokei (皇慶) in AD 1047. According to Kokei, Benzaiten is the third daughter of the dragon-king of Munetsuchi (無熱池; literallylake without heat“), known in Sanskrit as Anavatapta, the lake lying at the center of the world according to an ancient Buddhistcosmological view.

 

Citation.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benzaiten

Sidha Lakshmi Stotra By Shiva Wealth Occult Powers

In Hindusim on December 17, 2014 at 12:02

Few slokas are reported to be composed by Shiva.

 

Such slokas are rare and are believed to be quite powerful.

Lakshmi.jpg

Lakshmi ,Goddess of Wealth.

 

Rudra, an Amsa of Shiva composed Mantra Rajapada on Lord Narasimha and it is very effective to ward off Evil, mental dpression.

 

The storta on Lakshmi, that too on Sidha Lakshmi( the Amsa of Lakshmi who guarantees fruitful completion of any task at the mundane level and Liberation at the Higher Level) by Lord Shiva is provided below .

 

Translation by Sri.P.R.Ramachander.

 

Adha Dhyamam
Brahmeem Vaishnaveem bhadram shad bujam cha chaur mukheem,
Trinethram gadga trisula padma chakra gadha daram.
Peethambaram devim nanalankara bhooshitham,
Tejapunjadareem sreshtam dhyayeth Bala kumarikam. 

Meditate on the young lass who is Brahmi, Vaishnavi,
Who provides safety, who has six hands and four faces,
Who has three eyes, who holds sword, trident, lotus, wheel and mace,
Who is the goddess dressed in yellow, Dressed in various decorations,
And who holds a shining globe and is the greatest.
to that young goddess I submit my prayers

Stotra.

Omkaram Lakshmi roopam thu Vishnum hrudayamavyayam,
Vishnumananda vyaktham hreemkaram bheeja roopineem., 1

She who tells “Om”, who has the form of Lakshmi,
She who is followed by Vishnu, She gives happiness to Vishnu,
She who is clear, she who has the shape of the sound “hreem”.

Kleem amrutha nandineem bhadram sada athyananda dhayineem,
Sreem daithya samaneem shakthim malineem shathru mardhineem., 2

She who is “Kleem”, she who is the daughter of nectar,
She who provides safety, she who always grants great happiness,
She who is “sreem”, she who controlled asuras, she who is power,
She who wears garlands and she who kills her enemies.

Theja prakasineem devim varadam shubha karineem,
Brahmeem cha vaishnaveem roudhreem kalika roopa shobhineem., 3

She who gives out light, the goddess who fulfills desires,
She who does good things, She who is Brahmee,
She who is Vaishnavee, She who is angry,
And she who shines in the form of Kali.

Aakare Lakshmi roopam thu uukareshubhakarineem,
Makara purusho vyaktho devi pranavamuchyathe., 4

In the letter “Aa”, there is the form of Lakshmi,
In the letter “Uu”, is she who does all that is good,
And in the letter “ma”, is her clear form of Purusha,
And thus the goddess is of the form of the letter “Om”.

Sooryakoti pratheekasam Chandra koti sama prabham,
Thanmadhye nikaram sookshmam brahma roopam vyavasthitham., 5

She who is perambulated by crores of Suns,
She who has the shine of crores of moons,
In the middle of it in the very micro form,
She lives in the form of Brahmam.

Omkaaram paramananda sadaiva sukha sundarem,
Sidhaa Lakshmi Moksha Lakshmi aadhi Lakshmi namosthuthe., 6

She who is “Om” who is ecstasic happiness,
Who is always pretty and is the form of pleasure,
I salute the divine Lakshmi, the Lakshmi of salvation,
And also the primeval Lakshmi of yore.

Sarva mangala mangalye shive sarvartha sadhake,
Saranye triambike gauri narayani namosthuthe., 7

Hey the power behind Shiva,
Who makes all good things happen,
Who grants all boons,
I bow before you,
She who is the creator, organizer and destroyer,
My salutations to you Narayani.

Prathamam trayambike gauri dwitheeyam vaishnavee thadha,
Tritheeyam yamala proktha chaturtham sundari thadha., 8

First the trinity of goddesses, second Vaisnavi,
Third she who is called the twin goddess,
And fourth the very pretty goddess.

Panchamam Vishnu shakthischa sashtam kathyayanee thadha,
Vaarahi sapthamam chaiva hyashtamam hari vallabha., 9

Fifth the power in Vishnu,
Sixth the daughter of Kathyayana,
Seventh the power of the boar,
Eighth is the consort of Hari.

Navamam gadginee proktha dasamam chaiva devika,
Yekadasm sidhalakshmeem dwadasam hamsa vahineem., 10

Ninth is she who holds the sword,
Tenth is she who is the goddess,
Eleventh, she is Sidha Lakshmi,
And twelfth she is one who rides on a swan.

Yethath stotra varam devya ye padanthi sada nara,
Sarva aapadbho vimuchyanthe nathra karya vicharana., 11

That man who reads this blessed prayer addressed to Goddess,
Would get free from all dangers and will never get worried about anything.

Yekamasam dwimasam cha trimasam masa chathushtayam,
Panchamasam cha shanmasam trikalam ya sada padeth., 12

Either one month or two months or three months or four months,
Or five months or six months if this is read at dawn, noon and dusk,

Brahmana klesitho dukhee daridrya maya peeditha,
Janmanthara sahasraodhai muchyatha sarva kilbishai., 13

The Brahmin who is suffering sad and in the clutches of poverty,
Even for thousands of birth will get rid of all of them.

Daridhro labhathe lakshmeem aaputhra puthravan bhaveth., 14

The poor one would get wealth, the childless one would get child

Eswarena krutham stotram praninam hitha karakam,
Sthuvanthu brahmana nithyam daridryam na cha badathe,
Sarva papa hara Lakshmi sarva sidhi pradhayinee., 15

This prayer written by Lord Shiva for,
The sake of the good of all the beings,
If recited in praise daily by Brahmanas,
Poverty would not stick to him,
And the goddess Lakshmi,
Who can grant all occult powers,
Would destroy all his sins.

Ithi sri Brahma purane Sri Sidha Lakshmi stotram.

Thus ends the prayer to Sidha Lakshmi from Brahma puranam.

 

Citation.

http://www.hindupedia.com/en/Sidha_Lakshmi_Stotram

 

Brahmins Organized Indian Marriage System Tholkappiyar

In Hinduism, Tamils on December 16, 2014 at 19:27

I have often wondered who organized the Marriage System (Monogamy) in India.

 

Though marriage is considered to be sacred in Hinduism and has elaborate Rituals to solemnize and conduct marriages, I have not been able to find any definite information on who organized this system of marriage.

 

Marriage ceremony.jpeg.

Hindu Marriage ceremony.

 

I could not find the origin of marriage details from the Puranas, Vedas or Ithihasas.

 

All these texts glorify and explain the rituals connected with Marriage.

 

The first written record  on who organized marriage as a System is found in the ancient Tamil Grammar Book, Tholkappiyam, written by Tholkappiar (between 3rd century BCE and the 3rd century CE), a disciple of Sage Agasthya.

 

He states that the society was being ruined by indiscriminate copulation ,involving Lies, frauds.

 

Hence  Brahmins organized the system of marriage.

 

“மேலோர் மூவர்க்கும் புணர்த்த கரணம்
கீழோர்க்காகிய காலமும் உண்டே (1090)
பொய்யும் வழுவும் தோன்றிய பின்னர்
ஐயர் யாத்தனர் கரணம் என்ப (1091) Tholkappiyam.

 

Here there is a rider.

 

Marriage as a system which was in existence for the three Varnas(மேலோர் மூவர்க்கும்) is now being set for the Fourth Varna by the Brahmins.

 

Meaning of the text.

 

Marriage as a System, which was in existence for three varnas, is now set for the fourth varna by Brahmins

 

Information to enrich the article welcome.

Dasa Maha Vidya Stuthi For Grand Children Wisdom

In Hindusim on December 16, 2014 at 17:36

I have written a couple of blogs on Dasa Maha Vidya, as a part of Vidya Upasna.

 

I provide the Dasa Maha Vidya Stuthi below fo the benefit of Sri Vidya Upasakas.

 

Mahakali
(The goddess with ten heads , black as night and has a horrific and fearful appearance. She is represented to be standing on Lord Shiva who is lying down.She is considered to represent all the ten Maha Vidhyas. While she blesses her devotees with all their wants, worship of her is believed to remove Sani dosha)

1.Maha devi maha kala Priya sakhi ,
Gauri Kaushikhi nama Vikhyate ,
Maha Kali Namosthuthe

Salutations to Maha Kali,
Who is the great goddess, the great companion of Lord Shiva,
Who is well known as Gauri and Kaushiki.

Tara Devi

(She is blue in colour , wears a necklace of corpses . She has only one head stand on Lord Shiva . She is supposed to shower motherly instinct and is the Goddess of knowledge . She is suppose to give wisdom, profit in business and is suppose to be effective against Guru Dosha)

2.Munda mala vibhooshithe neela rupinee ,
Yeka jata neela Saraswathi nama Vikhyathe,
Tara devi namosthuthe.

Salutations to Goddess Tara ,
Who wears the necklaces of dead bodies,
Who is blue in colour ,
Who is well known as Yeka Jata and Neela Saraswathi.

Chinna mastha
( The very ferocious form of the goddess. She is red in colour , with severed head , drinks blood and stands on a couple in copulation. She is supposed to grant courage to fight with enemies. Magicians also worship her to cause harm to someone.)

3.Rudhira pana priye , khaditha Siro rupini,
Rakthakesi , chinnabala nama vikhyathe ,
Chinnamastha namosthuthe

Salutations to Goddess Chinnamastha ,
Who likes to drink blood , who appears without head,
Who is well known as Rakthakesi and Chinna bala.

Shodasi or Laitha Maha Tripura Sundari

She is of golden colour and is normally depicted together with Lord Shiva. Sitting on a throne or seat with four legs. She is the supreme goddess and removes the dosha due to Budha.

4.Shodasa Kala paripoorne AAdhya Shakthi roopini ,
Sri Vidhya Pancha vakthra nama Vikhyathe ,
Shodasi namosthuthe

Salutations to the Goddess Shodasi ,
Who has completed sixteen years of age ,
Who has the l,ook of the primeval power ,
Who is well known as Srividhya and Panchavakthra

Bhuvaneswari

She is the goddess of the universe. She is normally depicted with four hands, with goad, rope and the other two showing giving boons and another protection. She removes Chandra Dosha.

5,Pasankusa dari durgam asura samharini,
Shatakshi sakambari nama Vikhyathe ,
BHuvaneswari namosthuthe.

Salutations to Goddess BHuvaneswari,
Who holds the rope and the goad ,
Who kills very ferocious asuras ,
Who is well known as Shatakshi and Sakambari

Bhairavi

She is mother to the good people terror to bad ones. She is seen holding book, rosary, and making fear-dispelling and boon-conferring gestures. She is also known as Baala or Tripurabhairavi.

6.Arunambara dari , pranava roopini ,
Yogeeswari , Uma nama vikhyathe ,
Tripura BHairavi Namosthuthe

Salutations to Goddess Tripura BHairavi ,
Who wears cloths of the red purple colour,
Who has the form of letter “Om”,
Who is well known as Yogeswari and Uma

Dhoomavathi

Dhumavati represents the fearsome aspect of Devi, the Hindu Divine Mother. She is of smoky colour , an old, ugly widow (I,e Withoutr Shiva) and is associated with things considered inauspicious and unattractive in Hinduism, such as the crow and the Chaturmas period. The goddess is often depicted on a horseless chariot or riding a crow, usually in a cremation ground.She is supposed to remove Rahu Dosha.

7.Dushta abichara dwamsini , kaka dwaja Radha roode,
Suthara thamasi nama Vikhyathe ,
Dhoomavathi namosthuthe

Salutations to Goddess Dhoomavathi ,
Who destroys the attack of black magic ,
Who rides on a chariot with flag of crow ,
Who is well known as Suthara and Thamsi

Bagalamukhi
Bagalamukhi has a golden complexion and her dress is yellow. She sits in a golden throne in the midst of an ocean of nectar full of yellow lotuses. A crescent moon adorns her head. She is believed to have the power to remove Kuja Dosha,

8.Pitambara dari shathru bhaya nivarini,
Jwalamuki Vaishhnavi nama Vikhyathe ,
Bagala Mukhi namosthuthe

Salutations to Goddess BHagalamuki ,
Who wears yellow silk cloths ,
Who removes fear as well as enemies ,
Who is well known as Jwalamukhi and Vaishnavi

Matangi
She is considered as the Tantric form of Sarasvati, the goddess of music and learning. Like Sarasvati, Matangi governs speech, music, knowledge and the arts. Her worship is prescribed to acquire supernatural powers, especially gaining control over enemies, attracting people to oneself, acquiring mastery over the arts and gaining supreme knowledge.. Those with family problems worship her to get peace .

9.Ardha chandra dhari , Kadamba vana vasini,
Vaagdevi Saraswathi nama Vikhyathe ,
Matangi namosthuthe.

Salutations to goddess Matangi,
Who wears the crescent and lives in a garden of Kadamba trees,
Who is well known as Vaagdevi and Saraswathi

Kamalathmika

She is of golden complexion, sits on a lotus flower and is bathed by four elephants, She removes the Shukra dosha.

10.Suvarna kanthi samanvithe , maha Vishnu sahacharini ,
BHargavi Mahalakshmi nama vikhyathe ,
Kamala Namosthuthe

Salutations to Goddess Kamala,
Who has a golden aura and is companion of Maha Vishnu ,
Who is well known as Bharagavi and Mahalakshmi

Phala Sruthi
Dasa maha vidhya stotram sarva shathru roga nivaranam,
SArva sampath karam, puthra pouthradhi vardhanam.

Effect of chanting

This prayer addressed to the ten great Vidhyas ,
Destroys all diseases and all enemies ,
Gives all types of wealth and leads to increase of sons and grand sons.

 

Translation by P.R.Ramchander.

 

Related.

http://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2014/04/02/devi-upasana-dasa-mahavidya-details/

 

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2014/03/07/devi-worship-dasa-mahavidya-names-introduction/

Angala Parameswari Non Vedic Deity

In Hinduism on December 12, 2014 at 09:30

My cousin brother’s daughter’s Family Deity is Angala Parameswari.

 

It is rare to find the Family of Brahmins having Angala Parameswari as Family Deity.

Angala Parameswari.jpg

Angala Parameswari,Melmalayanoor.

 

I have also noticed that some Brahmin Families have Village Deities , like the one for Vana Durga near Tiruvarur.

 

My mother used to take us for th Tonsuring of the head to Andavar Koil near Manapparai after visiting Palani in Tamil Nadu.

 

I am intrigued.

 

These Deities are not Vedic Deities,

 

How come these are worshiped in Brahmin Households when Brahmins are basically  Vaidikas, those who follow the Vedas?

 

My interpretation is that as Hinduism allows Ishta Devata( One’s personal choice of God), apart from Kula Devata , Family Deity,Deities like Ankala Parameswari might have been the Ista Devatha at some point of time and later it might have become the Family Deity.

 

Goddess Ankalamma, or Angalamma, is also known as Ankamma or Angamma, Ankali, Angali, Ankala Parameswari and Angala Parameswari. She is worshipped with these names in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

Ankalamma is counted as one of the Matrikas orSeven Mothers“. [H. Krishna Sastri, “South Indian Images of Gods and Goddessespages 223-224] She is also considered to be a form of goddess Ankali or Kali. In order to incorporate her worship into Vedic Hinduism, Ankamma is labeled as the mother of the Trimurtis, the Hindu male trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Siva. However, Ankalamma is a non-Vedic deity and, like so many Tamil popular deities, she seems to have originated in a fierce guardian figure. Hindu scholars like H, Krishna Sastri say thatit is difficult to explain the origin of her name“, but he affirms that the sacred areas of Ankalamma and similar village goddesses are much dreaded by the locals. In the rituals dedicated to her she is appeased with blood

Pardhis of North India worship Goddess Kalanka. The Koravas, Erukalas, Bedaras, Valmikis, Mudiraj, Kapus and even cholas who had their origins in Bhil-Pardhis, worship this Kalanka in the name of Ankala. Ankamma is a gradual modification of the name Kalanka.

Kala = Black

Aank = Anka = Eye

Kalanka = Goddes with Black Eyes

Kalanka => Kala + Anka => Anka + Kala => Ankala

Kalanka => Ankala => Ankalamma => Ankamma

Ankamma Kolupu ritual

The main characteristic of the ritual called Ankamma Kolupu is that a midnight worship (puja} is performed by making a colorful Rangoli with wheat flour, turmeric powder, kumkum, black charcoal powder, etc. During the worship singers recite ballads based on local stories about warrior ancestors (Veeran).The climax comes at the end of the ritual, when the devotees sacrifice a goat and its blood is spilled in order to appease the goddess. Other rituals like the Devara Kolupu or Veerla Kolupu are normally performed on some special occasions by individuals or by the community as a whole.”

Citation.

http://en.academic.ru/dic.nsf/enwiki/7905731

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