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Posts Tagged ‘Hinduism’

Festival Of God Sisters Karwah Chauth

In Hinduism on October 24, 2014 at 18:05

It is the unique feature of Hindu Fesivals to have a spiritual meaning,as in Pongal,Baisakhi which celebrates the Compassion of the Sun for providing good yield from the earth.

 

It also serves a social purpose , that of uniting the family members in all the functions.

 

In one festival celebrated in Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, western Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand and Gujarat States of India meets the psychological needs a  newly married bride.

 

In the early days distance was an issue, girls married to a far off place would feel lonelyand feel depressed.

 

She develops a  close friendship with a woman, of nearly the same age, of the bride and both the girls share their joys and sorrows.

 

There is another legend.

 

Karva is another word for ‘pot’ (a small earthen pot of water) and chauth means ‘fourth’ in Hindi (a reference to the fact that the festival falls on the fourth day of the dark-fortnight, or krishna paksh, of the month of Kartik).[8] It is uncertain how the festival originated and how it came to be celebrated only in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent. One hypothesis is that military campaigns and long-distance travel usually resumed around the time of the festival, as the area dried and numerous rivers of the region (see Sapta Sindhu) subsided from the effects of the monsoon. Women observed the fast to pray for the safety of their husbands at this time as they ventured away from home. The festival coincides with the wheat-sowing time (i.e., the beginning of the Rabi crop cycle). Big earthen pots in which wheat is stored are sometimes called Karvas, so the fast may have begun as a prayer for a good harvest in this predominantly wheat-eating region.

 

This Festival falls on the Chaturthi, Fourth day of the Waning Moon,Krishna paksha  Nine days before Diwali. It falls on the fourth day of the Kartik month.
The pooja preparations start a day in advance. Married women buy the shringar or the traditional adornments and the other pooja items like the karwa, matthi, heena etc.

Early in the morning they prepare food and have it before sunrise. The morning passes by in other festive activities like decorating hand and feet with heena, decorating the pooja thali and meeting friends and relatives.

In the late afternoon women gather at a common place like temple or a garden or someones’ place who has arranged the pooja. An elderly lady or the pujarin narrates the legend of Karwa Chouth.

The essentials of this gathering and listening of the Karwa chauth story , a special mud pot, that is considered a symbol of lord Ganesha, a metal urn filled with water, flowers, idols of Ambika Gaur Mata, Goddess Parwati and some fruits, mathi and food grains. A part of this is offered to the deities and the storyteller.

Earlier an idol of Gaur Mata was made using earth and cowdung. Now just an idol of Goddess Parwati is kept. Every one lights an earthen lamp in their thalis while listening to the Karwa story. Sindoor, incense sticks and rice are also kept in the thali.

At this time the women wear heavy saris or chunries in red , pink or other bridal colors, and adorn themselves with all other symbols of a married women like, nose pin, tika, bindi, chonp, bangles, earrings etc.

Once the moon rises, the women see its reflection in a thali of water, or through a dupatta or a sieve. They offer water to the moon and seek blessings. They pray for the safety, prosperity and long life of their husbands. This marks the end of the day long fast.

 

Other Legends.

 

A beautiful queen called Veervati was the only sister of seven loving brothers. She spent her first Karva Chauth as a married woman at her parents’ house. She began a strict fast after sunrise but, by evening, was desperately waiting for the moonrise as she suffered severe thirst and hunger. Her seven brothers couldn’t bear to see their sister in such distress and created a mirror in a pipal tree that made it look as though the moon had risen. The sister mistook it for the moon and broke her fast. The moment she ate, word arrived that her husband, the king, was dead. Heartbroken, she wept through the night until her shakti compelled a Goddess to appear and ask why she cried. When the queen explained her distress, the Goddess revealed how she had been tricked by her brothers and instructed her to repeat the Karva Chauth fast with complete devotion. When Veervati repeated the fast, Yama was forced to restore her husband to life.

In a variant of this story, the brothers build a massive fire behind a mountain instead and trick their sister by convincing her that the glow is the moon. She breaks her fast and word arrives that her beloved husband has died. She immediately begins running to her husband’s house, which is somewhat distant, and is intercepted by Shiv[disambiguation needed]-Parvati. Parvati reveals the trickery to her, cuts her own little finger to give the wife a few drops of her holy blood, and instructs her to be careful in keeping the complete fast in the future. The wife sprinkles Parvati’s blood on her dead husband and, coming back to life, they are reunited.

The Legend of Mahabharata

The belief in this fast and its associated rituals goes back to the pre-Mahabharata times. Draupadi, too, is said to have observed this fast. Once Arjun went to the Nilgiris for penance and the rest of the Pandavas faced many problems in his absence. Draupadi, out of desperation, remembered Lord Krishna and asked for help. Lord Krishna reminded her that on an earlier occasion, when Goddess Parvati had sought Lord Shiva’s guidance under similar circumstances, she had been advised to observe the fast of Karva Chauth. In some tellings of this legend, Shiva tells Parvati the story of Veervati to describe the Karva Chauth fast. Draupadi followed the instructions and observed the fast with all its rituals. Consequently, the Pandavas were able to overcome their problems.[37]

The Legend of Karva

A woman named Karva was deeply devoted to her husband. Her intense love and dedication towards him gave her shakti (spiritual power). While bathing at a river, her husband was caught by a crocodile. Karva bound the crocodile with a cotton yarn and asked Yama (the god of death) to send the crocodile to hell. Yama refused. Karva threatened to curse Yama and destroy him. Yama, afraid of being cursed by Pati-vrat (devoted) wife, sent the crocodile to hell and blessed Karva’s husband with long life. Karva and her husband enjoyed many years of wedded bliss. To this day, Karva Chauth is celebrated with great faith and belief.

The Story of Satyavan and Savitri

When Lord Yama came to procure Satyavan’s soul, Savitri begged him to grant him life. When he refused, she stopped eating and drinking and followed Yama who carried away her dead husband. Yama said that she could ask for any other boon except for the life of her husband. Savitri asked that she be blessed with children. Yama agreed. Being a “‘Pati-Vrat (devoted) wife, Savitri would never let any other man be the father of her children. Yama was left with no other choice but to restore Savitri’s husband to life

 

 

12 Kinds Of Sons Puthra Puthri Explanation

In Hinduism on October 24, 2014 at 12:28

I have recently published an article ‘Hinduism on Children and Illegitimate Children”

 

I mentioned in the Post that the term Puthra denotes Son, Puthra means one who prevents parents entering a hell called ‘Pu or Puth”

 

I received a valid  comment that if that were so, what about Puthri(Daughter)?

Sons and daughters.jpg

Sons Daughters

 

The term Puthra has many meanings ; one indicates ‘Deliver”

 

That is one who delivers parents   from Puth.

 

Likewise Puthri has multiple meanings, one being worthy daughter.

 

In the case of a daughter the term Puthri is used in this sense.

 

Now there is some more interesting information on sons in Hinduism

 

There are twelve kinds of sons.

 

They are,

 

1/. Aurasputra.
A son born to a wife of his own caste begot by the husband himself is called aurasputra.

2/. Kshetrajaputra.
If one dies without children or is impotent or possessed of a disease, his wife is lawfully allowed to lie with the brother of the husband to get a child. The son born of such a union is called ksetrajaputra.

3/. Dattaputra.
When one is worrying miserably for getting a son and if at that time a husband and wife willingly hand over a son born to them by mutual consent with the following words :”This son becomes your own from now on,” with a religious sprinkling of water, such a son is called dattaputra.

4/. Kritrimaputra.
A son adopted from one’s own caste for the purpose of doing the obsequial ceremonies for the manes is called kstrimaputra.

5/. Guudhotputra.
A son born to one’s wife by another man is called guudhotputra.

6/. Apaviddhaputra.
Where a son is rejected by either a father or mother or by both and that son is taken care of and brought up by another man, that son becomes an apaviddhaputra.

7/. Kaninaputra.
If a son is born to a virgin before marriage while living with her father, that son is called a kaninaputra.

8/. Sahodhaputra.
When a girl is married while pregnant the son born to her after marriage is called a sahodhaputra.

9/. Krtakaputra.
A son purchased and bought up by a sonless man is called krtakaputra.

10/. Paunarbhavaputra.
A son born to a woman after becoming a widow or after being divorced by her husband by her willingly going with another man is called a paunarbhavaputra.

11/. Swayamdattaputra.
When a son after becoming an orphan or after being abandoned by his parents goes willingly to another man and remains with him as his son is called Swayamdattaputra.

12/. Shaudraputra.
A son born to a brahmin of a shudra wife is called a shaudra (paarashava) putra.

In general, as a rule in this yuga (Kali yuga) only putra conceived into his own wife’s womb by the husband is allowed, and considered putra, as some of the others, due to the low and lusty nature of the qualities of this yuga some or all of these could be abused by unscrupulous men of this age.

 

Citation.

http://www.salagram.net/putra.htm

Hinduism On Children Illegitimate Children

In Hinduism on October 23, 2014 at 11:52

Hinduism accords importance to Familial relationships.

 

Duties of each member of the Family is set,Man,Wife,children,Brother,Sister and elders.

 

However the emphasis  is more on the duties of the son.

 

Hindu Symbol OM.jpg

Hindu Symbol OM

 

Hinduism considers the begetting of a male child to be auspicious as they believe that the son prevents the parents entering the Hell called ‘Puth’

 

The name for son is Puthra, one who prevents parents from entering Puth.

 

The Smritis state that a son is to be treated as,

 

a King till he is Five years old.

 

as Slave from 5 to Fifteen and

 

a friend after Fifteen years.

 

A son is not to be praised in his face.

 

His mistakes are to be pointed out.

 

a son has to be educated within one’s  means.

 

As children can not understand the difficulties of running a family(till they are fifteen NoFamily affairs are not to be discussed with them nor their opinion sought even for their education.

 

Once they are married all decisions are to be taken after discussing with them, not necessarily following them.

 

They have to be taught etiquette  and discipline as set forth in the Taittriya Upanishad in Siksha Valli.

 

The son , when he comes of age is expected to run the family and he parents have to maintain themselves , either by staying in the family or withdrawing to the forest as a vanaprastha.

 

If the Mother is not willing she has to be left in the care of the son.

 

The son  is the Guardian of the Mother.

 

The son is the next authority in running the Family and he has to take of his sisters as a father.

 

His wife occupies the next place in the Family after the Mother and Father.

 

The son is to perform the Funeral rites of the Parents.

 

He shall perform all the duties of  the Father, including  the performance of all Poojas and Rituals prescribed for the Family, after the Seemantha for his wife is performed.

 

If a Man does not have a child, he has to adopt his daughter’s child as his son.

 

Following ceremonies are performed for the Son.

 

1.Punyahavachana.

2.Namakarana, naming the child.

3.Ayush Homa till he attains Five Years.

4.Ear-piercing,Karnabhushana.

5.Head tonsuring.

6.Upanayana.

7.Marriage.

8.Seemantha for His wife.

 

Illegitimate children.

 

Children of an Unmarried woman,

 

Child of son’s pregnant Bride,

 

Son of twice married woman,

 

Son of an adopted daughter,

 

Adopted son,

 

All belong to the family

 

In the absence of legitimate  children, the illegitimate children  receive one-fourth of the Estate.

 

Gautama Sutra 28.18.

 

Manu on Illegitimate Children

By the sacred tradition the woman is declared to be the soil (or the field), the man is declared to be the seed; the production of all corporeal beings takes place through the union of the soil with the seed.” (Manu. IX.33)

“Those who, having no property in a field, but possessing seed-corn, sow it in another’s soil, do not receive the grain of the crop which may spring forth.” (Manu.IX.49)

“If (one man’s) bull were to beget a hundred calves on another man’s cows, they (i.e., the calves) would belong to the owner of the cows; in vain would the bull have spent its strength.” (Manu.IX.50)

“Thus men who have no marital property in women, but sow their seed in the soil of others, benefit the owner of the woman; but the giver of the seed reaps no benefit.” (Manu.IX.51)

 

Citation.

 

https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/advaitin/conversations/messages/55496

 

http://www.hinduwebsite.com/hinduism/h_children.asp

 

 

Lalitha Devi Chariot Sri Chakra Raja Ratha Description

In Hinduism on October 23, 2014 at 08:22

Sri Lalitha Sahasranama states,

 

“Chidagnikunda sambhoota”
“Deva kaarya samudyataa” and
“Chakra Raja Rathaa Roodha Sarvaayudha Parishkritaa”
Lalita Tripura Sundari.jpg

Lalita Tripura Sundari.

The Devathas were being harassed by Bhandasura and the Devas entreated Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva.
Lord Shiva in his Form as Maha Sambhu performed a Maha Yaga and Lalitha Devi appeared in the Homa Kunda, Chdagni Kunda-Philosophically  speaking from the Chit.
Article follows on the Special Homa by Shiva.
Lalita Devi appeared in Her Chariot, Sri Chakra Raja Ratha.
This is the description by Brahmanda Purana and Lalithaopkyana.
The Sri Chakra Raja Ratha had the following dimensions:
A. Width
4 Yojanas (1 Yojana is approximately 9 miles)
B. Height
10 Yojanas
C. Parvas (landings)
9 in number
D. Chakras (wheels) – the four Vedas
E.
Horses – the four-fold aims (Purusharthas)
F.
Flag
absolute bliss
G.
The seat at the topmost landing is the Bindu Peetha.
H.
Form :
of the form of Meru Prastara.
I.
The material that was used to make this was ‘Tejas
Meta Physical Explanation follows.
This took place on the sixth day of Navaratri.

Temple Food Ghee Remains Pure Lamp Burns For A Year

In Hinduism on October 22, 2014 at 21:13

There is a Temple in Hassan, Karnataka, where the Food offered to the Deity remains warm and edible after one year;lamps lit Ghee in the Sanctum remains burning for a Year, without the Ghee being replenished as the Temple does not remain open for a year after closing.

 

 

This Hasanmba Temple built around 12 Century AD.

 

Hasanamba means’ ever smiling’

 

The Temple is open for only a week during Deepavali Festival and is reopened the next year during Deepavali.

 

Legend.

 

The devotees believe that the benevolent Goddess smiles down upon them and showers her blessings. In many Indian languages, ‘hasya’ means humor. It is believed that the Goddess smiles down on the devotees who worship her.

While she is worshipped for being benevolent, she is also harsh to those who choose to harm her devotees. There is a belief that Amma Hasanamba turned a mother in law, who tortured Devi’s devotee the (daughter in law), in to a stone in front of her. It is believed it the stone moves an inch every year and when it reaches the lotus feet of Hasanamba the period of kaliyuga will end.

Once 4 robbers attempted to rob jewels of Hasanamba and Devi turned them in to stones. And these four stones can be still seen in Kallappa Gudi.

 

How To reach.

 

The Hasanamba temple is in the heart of Hassan city and can easily be reached by road from Hassan in an auto rickshaw. It is just a couple of hours away from Bangalore by road and is convenient as a weekend getaway with plenty of accommodation options available in and around Hassan.

 

Here the Ravana’s Sculpture has only Nine heads instead of Ten.

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