At the close of the Pooja, light from wicks soaked in ghee (purified butter) or camphor is offered to one or more deities.
This marks the successful completion of the Pooja.
Naivedyam is offered later.
In Hinduism Darkness is a positive concept and Light a negative.
That is to say absence of Darkness is Light and the other way around as Darkness is Nature.
In Human beings Ignorance of Reality is Natural, Swabhava, removal of it heralds Knowledge..
Lighting a Lamp and showing it before a Deity is a prescribed procedure ensures the removal of ignorance by God’s grace.
It also serves the purpose of being able to see the intricate details in the Idols, Hindu Idols intricately made with a lot of subtle details.
Performing aarti is before the deities in a spirit of humility and gratitude, wherein faithful followers become immersed in God’s divine form. It symbolises the five elements:
- Ether (akash)
- Wind (vayu)
- Fire (agni)
- Water (jal)
- Earth (pruthvi)
Many close their eyes during aarthi, Deeparadhana.
This is not correct.
The Deity is to be looked at attentively with total devotion enjoying the Beauty of God.
Towards the conclusion of the Pooja,the other types of Homage(there are 8/16/64) are to be performed and the Deeparadhana with a single wick is to be the last.
Deeparadhana is of different types.
1.Eka Deepa, this is mandatory and is to be performed finally after all the Aarthis are done with.
2.Pancha Deeparadhan, with five wicks.
3.Kumbha Deeparadhana, with a Kumbha,a Vessel.
4.Ekadasa Deeparadhana, with Eleven lights, it is to be performed with a special plate.This is normally done for Lord Shiva.
5.Sahasra Deeparadhana, with 1000 light on special occasions,done in Temples.
The Deeaparadhana is to be offered in a special plate.
The wick/camphor is to be lighted from the Lamp burning before the Deity and never is to be lit by a match box.
The right hand must be held near the flame end of the plate, the left the bottom.
Mantra should be chanted from now.
The plate should be waved in front of the Deity slowly thrice clockwise.
The up and down thrice.
Then it is to be kept on the ground sprinkling water around the plate once.
Then the palms are to be shown to the flame, with out touching it, the palms are then to be shown to the Deity, then the palms are to be pressed in one’s eyes.
Then others can come to the plate ,keep the palms over the plates and press the palms to their faces.
The Deeparadhana plate should not be taken to the people..
This is allowed only in the temples.
Depending on the Deity the Mantras are to be chanted.
Finally Rajathiraajaaya Mantra from mantra Pushpam is to be chanted,.
Rajadhi rajaya Prasahya Sahine|
Namo Vayam Vai Sravanaya Kurmahe
Samekaman Kama Kamaya mahyam
Kamesvaro Vai Sravano dadatu
Kuberaya Vai Sravanaya
Maha rajaya Namah.( Final Mantra)
King of kings , we praise thee,
Who is the giver of all victories,
Who is the fulfiller of all desires,
Please bless me with wealth,
To fulfill all our desires,
Oh, Kubhera*, we praise thee,
Salutations to the king of kings.
* Kubhera is the Lord of wealth.
Namasthe asthu bhagavan visweswarayaa mahadevayaa tryambakaya, Tripuranthakayaa trikagni kalaaya kalagni rudhraaya neela kantaaya, Mrutyunjayaaya sarveshwaraaya sadashivaaya sriman maha devaaya nama. For Vishnu. Shanta Karam Bhujaga Shayanam, Padmanabham Suresham. Vishvadharam Gagana Sadrusham, Megha Varnam Shubhangam. Lakshmi Kantam Kamala Nayanam, Yogibhir Dhyana Gamyam. Vande Vishnum Bhava Bhaya Haram, Sarva Lokaia Kanatham. For Devi Uma.
"Gauri mimaaya salilaani takshatyeka padi dwipadi sa chatushpadi ashtapadi navapadi bhabhuvushi sahsraaraparame vyoman" For Laksmi. Lakshmi Ksheera Samudra Raja Tanaya Sree Ranga Dhameshvari Dasi Bhootha Samasata Deva Vanithaam Lokaika Deepankuram Sreeman Manda Kataaksha Labdha Vibhava Brahmendra Gangaadharam Tvaam Trailokya Kudumbineem Sarasijam Vande Mukunda Priyaam