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Posts Tagged ‘earth’

Cataclysms Hinduism Human Migration Series 1

In Hinduism on August 13, 2014 at 09:17

This is in continuation of Human migration in the world.

 

This, based on Vishnu Purana, briefly explains the cataclysmic events that struck/strike the earth.

 

 

Earth becomes habitable after this.

 

It is worth noting that Hinduism believes in te Nn Linear theory of Time, tat is the Cyclic Theory, which means that there is nor beginning and no end and that Time is eternal;as such events keep on happening with regularity.For more read my post Time, Non Liner,Cyclic.

 

There are three type of  cataclysms described in the Vishnu Purana, all the Puranas declare the same, with no variations.

 

1.Naimithika Pralaya.

 

This takes place at the end of Lord Brahma‘s Day, One Kalpa.

 

This happens after one Maha Yuga, that is one Chatur Yugas, each Yuga cycle containing Four Yugas,Kruta,Tretha,Dwapara and Kali.

 

This is equivalent to 4.32 billion human years.

 

At the end of this period dissolution starts.

 

During the last Hundred Years(Human), there will be severe Drought.

 

Living Beings shall become ver weak.

Lord Vishnu, in the form of Rudra unsettles the Living Beings.

 

The Seven rays of the Sun become too long(Infrared?)

 

Water will be sucked out of the earth.

 

The seven rays are.

 

Aarohan,

Praajan,

Pataran,

Pathangan,

Swanaran,

Jyothishman and

Vibhaasan.

The world shall be enveloped in fire.

Excepting evolved souls all others shall perish.

 

Of the evolved souls, Brahma Gnanis shall reach Brahma Loka through Satya and Thapo Loka.

The ruling class of Manu dynasty, shall go first toMahar Loka:finding tat to be too hot, they shall reach Jana Loka along with Mahar Loka residents.

 

This is naimithika Pralaya.

 

2.Prakrutha  Pralaya.

 

This takes place at te end of Brahma’s Life cycle.

 

This is two parathas, equivalent to 10 to te power of Eighteen years(Human)

 

That is at the end of 200.000,000,000,000,000 Years.

 

Current estimate of Earth.

 

The Earth is a little over 4.5 billion years old, its oldest materials being 4.3 billion-year-old zircon crystals. Its earliest times were geologically violent, and it suffered constant bombardment from meteorites. When this ended, the Earth cooled and its surface solidified to a crust – the first solid rocks. There were no continents as yet, just a global ocean peppered with small islands. Erosion, sedimentation and volcanic activity – possibly assisted by more meteor impacts – eventually created small proto-continents which grew until they reached roughly their current size 2.5 billion years ago. The continents have since repeatedly collided and been torn apart, so maps of Earth in the distant past are quite different to today’s.

 

 

So there are Four Cataclysmic events involving Water on the Earth and let us see how this is reflected in Tamil and Sanskrit literature.

 

There is a major differnce between Naimithika Pralaya and Prakrutha Pralaya.

 

I shall be posting on this in detail.

 

Citation:

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/history_of_the_earth

 

 

 

 

Ocean Beneath Earth Hinduism Science Confirms

In Hinduism, Science on June 13, 2014 at 12:52

The description of the Universe is elaborate in Hindu Puranas.

 

It is the grammar of the Puranas that it must contain the description of the Evolution, Growth and Dissolution of the Universe.

 

All the Puranas contain this and these description appear in the beginning of the Puranas.

 

Though there are variations can be found in respect of some incidents relating to Hinduism, there is no difference among them in describing the Universe.

 

On the description of the Earth, following is the abstract.

 

 

 

Google Map Looks into the Sea.Image.jpg.

Google Map Looks into the Sea.Image credit.http://ww1.hdnux.com/photos/11/12/20/2401312/5/628×471.jpg

The Land Mass and Seas described in the Vishnu Purana is as under.

1.Jambu Dweepa, surrounded by Salt Sea.(lavana)

2.Palaksha Dwipa, Surrounded by Sugar Cane Juice.(Ikshu)

3.Salmali Dwipa, surrounded by a Sea of Wine(Sura)

4.Kusa Dwipa, surrounded by a sea of Clarified Butter,Ghee(Sarpi)

5Krauncha Dwipa , surrounded by a sea of Curds(Durghda)

6.Pushkara is surrounded by a Sea of Fresh Water(.http://www.indianetzone.com/32/dwipas_insular_continents.htm)

This makes Five Continents, all of them surrounded by Water.’

 

Significance sugar cane Juice etc is unclear.

 

Now look at the latest study and image of the earth as it was Millions of years ago.”

 

Now. what Science has found now is,

 

A reservoir of water three times the volume of all the oceans has been discovered deep beneath the Earth’s surface. The finding could help explain where Earth’s seas came from.

The water is hidden inside a blue rock called ringwoodite that lies 700 kilometres underground in the mantle, the layer of hot rock between Earth’s surface and its core.

The huge size of the reservoir throws new light on the origin of Earth’s water. Some geologists think water arrived in comets as they struck the planet, but the new discovery supports an alternative idea that the oceans gradually oozed out of the interior of the early Earth.

“It’s good evidence the Earth’s water came from within,” says Steven Jacobsen of Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois. The hidden water could also act as a buffer for the oceans on the surface, explaining why they have stayed the same size for millions of years.

Pinging the planet

Jacobsen’s team used 2000 seismometers to study the seismic waves generated by more than 500 earthquakes. These waves move throughout Earth’s interior, including the core, and can be detected at the surface. “They make the Earth ring like a bell for days afterwards,” says Jacobsen.

 

By measuring the speed of the waves at different depths, the team could figure out which types of rocks the waves were passing through. The water layer revealed itself because the waves slowed down, as it takes them longer to get through soggy rock than dry rock.

Jacobsen worked out in advance what would happen to the waves if water-containing ringwoodite was present. He grew ringwoodite in his lab, and exposed samples of it to massive pressures and temperatures matching those at 700 kilometres down.”

 

Hinduism Seven Higher Lokas Existence Explained

In Astrophysics, Hinduism on May 24, 2014 at 10:57

Hinduism describes fourteen Lokas or places  where there is Existence.

 

I have not used the term Human.

 

The descriptions are of beings;  in terms of Color, Shape, their behaviors, they  are different.

 

One view is that they are descriptions indicating Spiritual Development.

 

For example, Chandra Loka denotes mental acumen and development of Buddhi unhindered by Mans, the Mind.

 

Chandra indicates the Mind.

 

Suyra, Sun represents knowledge.

 

Budha , Mercury Wisdom.

 

Bruhaspati, Jupiter, Discerning ability.

 

Angaaraka, Volatile temper,

 

Sukra , venus, material enjoyment,

 

Sani, Saturn, mental toughness,

 

Raahhu, a shadow planet, represents,aggressive behavior, to be tempered by Wisdom by Kethu another Shadow planet by Philosophical Disposition.

 

Kethu, Philosophical Disposition.

 

However there is another view, which states that these are places inhabited by Beings.

 

I subscribe to the view that these Planets do not indicate dwelling Places, but only  mental stages as a careful study of the Vedas reveal .

 

The Veda Mantras addressed to these Planets, including Navagraha Mantras used in The Navagraha Homa, talk about qualities and are allegorical.

 

However there are legends in the Purans on these planets having Form and are found to be interacting among themselves and with Human Beings.

 

But specific places of their dwelling is only hinted at and these may indicate their qualities.

 

But there are other Fourteen Lokas described in the Vedas and Purans .

 

These are spiritual and Dwelling Places.

 

They might exist in different planes, at different levels.

 

An interpretation is that these are the Quantum Fields other than where we exist.

 

Please read my pots on this filed under Astrophysics.

 

Yet there is evidence to suggest that these are Planes of existence with Physical boundaries, inhabited by Beings.

 

Details.

 

 

The Fourteen Lokas.

 

Bhuu,

 

Bhuvas,

 

Svar,

 

Mahas,

 

Jana,

 

Tapa and

 

Satya .

 

And The Seven Paatalas (lower worlds) are:

 

Atala,

 

Vitala,

 

Sutala,

 

Rasaataala,

 

Talatala,

 

Mahaatala and

 

Paatala.

 

1.Bhu Loka

 

Vishnu Purana: Chapter 7:- Wherever earthy substance exists, which may be traversed by the feet, that constitutes the sphere of the earth (Bhu Loka), the dimensions of which I have already recounted to you.

Amongst the 14 worlds thus mentioned, the 7th one viz. Bhu-loka is  Earth..

‘Bhu’ means ‘Earth’ and ‘loka’ means the surface of planet Earth, where we live.

2.Bhuvar Loka.

Vishnu Purana: Chapter 7:- The region that extends from the earth to the sun, in which the Siddhas and other celestial beings move, is the atmospheric sphere (Bhuvar Loka), which also I have described.

 

Bhuvar-loka is identified with Earth’s atmosphere and sometimes with the space which is in the immediate neighborhood of Earth.

 

 

In other words Bhuvarloka is the near-Earth space including Earth’s atmosphere.

 

This is the region were all the aircrafts fly and where all the artificial-satellites and space-stations that orbit around the Earth are situated.

 

This region canbre equated to the Geospace, the space dominated by Earth’s magnetic field.

 

 

3.Suvar Loka.

 

Vishnu Purana: Chapter 7:- The interval between the sun and Dhruva, extending fourteen hundred thousand leagues, is called by those who are acquainted with the system of the universe the heavenly sphere (Suvar Loka)

Suvar-loka (alternatively Swar-loka) is beyond Bhuvarloka.

Some description makes it a planet inhabited by the Devaswith their king Indra.

Some references make it equivalent to the Swarga

Some Puranic references equate Suvarloka to the Solar System.

As per these the Suvar loka is consisted of nine sub divisions or sectors called

1) Druva Mandala, 2) Sani Mandala, 3) Brihaspati Mandala, 4) Angaraka Mandala, 5) Sukra Mandala, 6) Budha Mandala, 7) Nakshatra Mandala, 8) Chandra Mandala, 9) Surya Mandala.

Human beings are among the inhabitants.

4. Mahar Loka.

Vishnu Purana: Chapter 7:- Above Dhruva, at the distance of ton million leagues, lies the sphere of saints, or Mahar-loka, the inhabitants of which dwell in it throughout a Kalpa, or day of Brahmá.

Maharloka is  the place of saintly souls (as per Vishnu Purana) and is considered as greater than the Suvarloka .

 

Some Puarans say that the souls of the Saptarshis (the Seven Sages of Ancient India) reside here with a watchful eye upon the activities of humanity on Earth.

 

Maharloka can be equated to the region (Stellar Neighborhood) where all the stars visible to us including our Sun (and thus the Suvar Loka or our Solar System) is situated.

 

Inhabitants of Mahar Loka belongs to an inter stellar civilization.

 

All of the 27 Nakshatras  belongs to Mahar Loka.

 

 

5.Jana Loka, The Milky Way Galaxy.

 

Vishnu Purana: Chapter 7:- At twice that distance is situated Janaloka, where Sanandana and other pure-minded sons of Brahmá, reside.

Jana Loka is described greater than Mahar Loka, contains the Mahar Loka, the world of the stars visible to us.

This can be equated to the Milky_Way Galaxy itself. The word ‘Jana’ means people.

In this case, Jana Loka thus becomes the world of people belonging to the Milky Way Galactic Civilization.

 

6.Tapo Loka.  Galaxies.

 

Vishnu Purana: Chapter 7:- At four times the distance, between the two last, lies the Tapo-loka (the sphere of penance), inhabited by the deities called Vaibhrájas, who are unconsumable by fire.

Tapo Loka is described as ‘greater than’ or ‘beyond’ or ‘above’ the Jana Loka.

 It is  the world of the Galaxies visible to us, including the Milky Way Galaxy.

Thus it can be  equated with the inter-galactic structures like the Local Group of Galaxies, the Virgo Super Cluster of Galaxies and the Pisces Cetus Super

Cluster Complex.

7.Satya Loka.

Vishnu Purana: Chapter 7:- At six times the distance (or twelve Crores, a hundred and twenty millions of leagues) is situated Satya-loka, the sphere of truth, the inhabitants of which never again know death.

Satya Loka is a Loka greater than the Tapo Loka.

 

It is the first among all the 14 Lokas.

 

It can be equated to the Universe itself containing several Worlds of Galaxies (Tapo Lokas).

 

Satya Loka is the abode of Brahma, the God of Creation.

 

Some Puranas describe Brahma as residing in a Cosmic Egg, the Egg of Brahma or Brahmanda. The Universe indeed can be conceived as a Cosmic Egg.

 

Some Puranas consider a Lotus which sprang from the naval of Vishnu, the primordial being, as the abode of Brahma.

 

Due to its expansion from aSingularity (a hyper-massive black-hole of infinite mass and infinitesimal size), the Universe indeed looks like a lotus sprang from a navel, except that we need to consider it as a four dimensional (4D) lotus rather than a three dimensional (3D) one.

 

In this case ‘the navel of Vishnu‘ can be equated to the Singularity from which our Universe has sprung up.

 

Thus ‘Satya Loka’ is same as ‘the Lotus that sprang from the navel’.

 

It is same as our ‘Universe’ itself. It is also the ‘Brahmanda’, the ‘Egg of Brahma’ in which Brahma resides.

The etymology of the word ‘Vishnu’ means ‘that which expands (vis:- expand)’. The etymology of the word ‘Brahma’ to means ‘that which is big or that which is expanded (Brh:- expand, grow, large)’.

 

Both of these words (personified as Brahma and Vishnu) signifies the expansion of the Universe (a property inherent in the Universe).

 

 

The inhabitants of this Cosmic World are mentioned as immortals (ie, they exist till the universe exists).

 

Pat Two containing the Seven worlds beneath us follow.

 

Citation.

 

Fourteen worlds.

 

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Shiva Dance Particle Physics And Sun

In Hinduism on April 24, 2014 at 08:17

Current higher Astrophysics’s Principles are  found in Lord Shiva .

His Dancing posture,His Conch’s resonance,His attire, have a striking correlation with the Distances of the Earth,Sun,Earth’s beat,Particle Physics,Wave

Theory and DNA structure.(On DNA and Shiva I shall be posting later)

 

 

108 Karanas of Shiva Dance

Shiva’s 108 Dancing Poses at Thiruvadigai

 

 

Dance forms of Shiva

Shiva Tandava

 

 

 

 

1.Shivas’ Dance Poses                                         -108.

 

2.Sun’s Diameter                                                   -109 Times as that of the earth(approximately)

 

(Latest Measurement-“Our star is approximately 865,000 miles in diameter, about 109 times the diameter of the Earth.”1.39 × 109 m  Friedman, Herbert. The Astronomer’s Universe. New York: Norton, 1998: 120.)

 

 

 

3.Sun’s Diameter and Distance of Earth from Sun 107(approximate)

 

(The distance to the Earth from the sun at 149,000,000 km = 1 AU is 107 times the diameter of the Sun)

 

 

4.The Resonance  of Shiva’s Conch.7.83 hz

 

Earth’s Breathing rate or   Schumann resonance 

 

Schumann resonances are the principal background in the electromagnetic spectrum[1] beginning at 3 Hz and extend to 60 Hz,[2] and appear as distinct peaks at extremely low frequencies (ELF) around 7.83 (fundamental),[3] 14.3, 20.8, 27.3 and 33.8 Hz.

 

This global electromagnetic resonance phenomenon is named after physicist Winfried Otto Schumann who predicted it mathematically in 1952.

Schumann resonances occur because the space between the surface of the Earth and the conductive ionosphere acts as a closed waveguide.

The limited dimensions of the Earth cause this waveguide to act as a resonant cavity for electromagnetic waves in the ELF band.

The cavity is naturally excited by electric currents in lightning. Schumann resonances are the principal background in the electromagnetic spectrum beginning at 3 Hz and extend to 60 Hz, and appear as distinct peaks at extremely low frequencies (ELF) around 7.83 (fundamental), 14.3, 20.8, 27.3 and 33.8 Hz.[1][4]

In the normal mode descriptions of Schumann resonances, the fundamental mode is a standing wave in the Earth–ionosphere cavity with a wavelength equal to the circumference of the Earth.

This lowest-frequency (and highest-intensity) mode of the Schumann resonance occurs at a frequency of approximately 7.83 Hz, but this frequency can vary slightly from a variety of factors, such as solar-induced perturbations to the ionosphere, which comprises the upper wall of the closed cavity.[citation needed]

The higher resonance modes are spaced at approximately 6.5 Hz intervals,[citation needed] a characteristic attributed to the atmosphere’s spherical geometry. The peaks exhibit a spectral width of approximately 20% on account of the damping of the respective modes in the dissipative cavity. The 8th partial lies at approximately 60 Hz

 

5.Shiva’s Dance, Constant Change- Light and Wave change between Particle and Waves constantly.

 

 

In the basic version of this experiment, a coherent light source such as a laser beam illuminates a plate pierced by two parallel slits, and the light passing through the slits is observed on a screen behind the plate. 

 

The wave nature of light causes the light waves passing through the two slits to interfere, producing bright and dark bands on the screen—a result that would not be expected if light consisted of classical particles.

 However, the light is always found to be absorbed at the screen at discrete points, as individual particles (not waves), the interference pattern appearing via the varying density of these particle hits on the screen.

 Furthermore, versions of the experiment that include detectors at the slits find that each detected photon passes through one slit (as would a classical particle), but not through both slits (as would a wave).[6][7][8][9][10] These results demonstrate the principle of wave–particle duality

 

Citations.

 

Double split experiment

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schumann_resonances

 

http://hypertextbook.com/facts/2004/AmyChan.shtml

 

 

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/solar/sun.html

 

Visit this Link for an exposition of 108 Dancing poses.

 

108 Dancing poses of Shiva

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Laws Of Motion Gravity Trigonometry Hindu Texts

In Hinduism, Science on April 22, 2014 at 13:02

I have posted some articles on the advanced concepts of Hinduism, some of them are over 5000 years old.

 

I had recently delivered a lecture on Quantum, Hinduism and the unlocking of natures secrets through Gayatri.

 

As I was lecturing a senior scientist from a reputed Institution was so upset that when I was proving the inadequacy of Science especially Newton, in explaining many physical events both atomic and in Astrophysics,he interrupted me that None should speak ill of Newton.

 

My reply from the podium was that when I am talking Vedas and about Shankaracharya, Newton does not come anywhere near and asked the gentleman to wait till I complete the lecture.

 

I continued with the arguments in the lecture.

 

I shall deal with the details of the lecture in a separate post.

 

It is a different matter that the gentlemen met my friend and informed he shall read Sanskrit and Shankara before talking about these issues.

 

Now let us see in this post what our Vedas and ancient texts say on Laws of Motion,Gravity?

 

Designing of Spaceships Hindus Sundara Vimana,

Sundara Vimana,Holo-gravitic buoyancy drive image credit. http://projectavalon.net/forum4/showthread.php?66925-Holo-gravitic-buoyancy-drive

 

Quote:

 

The words gravity and gravitational pull are generally translated into Indian
languages as “GURUTVA AKARSHANA SHAKTI”. The word ‘Gurutva’ means ‘mass’
and ‘Aakarshana’ means ‘attractive pull’. The very name indicates that the ancient
Indians observed some relation between the mass of a body and the gravitational pull.

The Taittiriya branch of Krishna Yajurveda says -


    
   
This means, the sun is holding the earth and the heaven in the space. The sun has
the power of attraction (kristheeh) and shines without interruption.
The word “Kristhee” in the above sentence is derived from the root “krish” which
has no other meaning, but attraction. Saying that the sun is holding the earth in the space
through his power of attraction, implies that the earth also is a body with a different type
of force of attraction. Otherwise, if the sun is like a magnetic ball and the earth is like an
iron ball, they would have collided with each other long back. The same idea is reflected
very clearly in the following famous Sloka of Varahamihira (6th century AD)

….

The ball of the earth which is made up of the five fundamental elements, is placed
in the center of a cage, which is made up of the stars of the galaxy and hence it is hanging
in the sky, like an iron ball in the center of a cage of magnetic balls.

The word “Panchabhoota Maya” in the above Sloka is important.

In the context of the solar system, our ancestors did not see the earth as a simple
mass of mud. The globe of earth, the oceans, the air and the clouds around it put together,
is treated as “Bhugola”.

Bhaskaraacharya (12th century AD) made this very clear in his “Goladhyaya” of
Siddhanta Siromani. ….

The Surya Siddhanta is one of the earliest doctrines or traditions (siddhanta) in archaeo-astronomy of the Hindus. Its original version is by an unknown author. It describes the archeo-astronomy theories, principles and methods of the ancient Hindus. This siddhanta is supposed to be the knowledge that the Sun god gave to an Asura called Maya. Asuras were enemies of the Deva, the Gods of Hindus. Asuras were believed to be residents of the nether worlds.

Significant coverage is on kinds of time, length of the year of gods and demons, day and night of god Brahma, the elapsed period since creation, how planets move eastwards and sidereal revolution. The lengths of the Earth’s diameter, circumference are also given. Eclipses and color of the eclipsed portion of the moon is mentioned. This explains the archeo-astronomical basis for the sequence of days of the week named after the Sun, Moon, etc. Musings that there is no above and below and that movement of the starry sphere is left to right for Asuras makes interesting reading.

Varahamihira in his Panchasiddhantika contrasts it with four other treatises, besides the Paitamaha Siddhantas (which is more similar to the “classical” Vedanga Jyotisha), thePaulisha and Romaka Siddhantas (directly based on Hellenistic astronomy) and the Vasishta Siddhanta. Citation of the Surya Siddhanta is also found in the works of Aryabhata

The table of contents in this text are:

  1. The Mean Motions of the Planets[notes 1]
  2. True Places of the Planets
  3. Direction, Place and Time
  4. The Moon and Eclipses
  5. The Sun and Eclipses
  6. The Projection of Eclipses
  7. Planetary Conjunctions
  8. Of the Stars
  9. Risings and Settings
  10. The Moon’s Risings and Settings
  11. Certain Malignant Aspects of the Sun and Moon
  12. Cosmogony, Geography, and Dimensions of the Creation
  13. The Gnomon
  14. The Movement of the Heavens and Human Activity.

 

Trignometry.

The Surya Siddhanta contains the roots of modern trigonometry. It uses sine (jya), cosine (kojya or “perpendicular sine”) and inverse sine (otkram jya) for the first time, and also contains the earliest use of the tangent and secant when discussing the shadow cast by a gnomon in verses 21–22 of Chapter 3:

Of [the sun's meridian zenith distance] find the jya (“base sine”) and kojya (cosine or “perpendicular sine”). If then the jya and radius be multiplied respectively by the measure of the gnomon in digits, and divided by the kojya, the results are the shadow and hypotenuse at mid-day.

In modern notation, this gives the shadow of the gnomon at midday as

s = \frac{g \sin \theta}{\cos \theta} = g \tan \theta

and the hypotenuse of the gnomon at midday as

h = \frac{g r}{\cos \theta} = g r \frac{1}{\cos \theta} = g r \sec \theta

where \ g is the measure of the gnomon, \ r is the radius of the gnomon, \ s is the shadow of the gnomon, and \ h is the hypotenuse of the gnomon.

 

Citations.

 

Laws of Motion Gravity Hinduism

 

Surya Siddhanta wiki

 

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