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Posts Tagged ‘Chitta’

What is Yoga Kundalini Upanishad

In Hinduism on June 8, 2014 at 08:04

All of us are aware of the Yoga system of Patanjali through his work Yoga Sutras ans he is regarded as the founder of the Yoga system of Indian

Philosophy.

 

7_Chakras.JPG

7 Chakras of Kundalini Yoga. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository

 

We also have Shiva sutras which deal pretty much on the same subject.

 

We have yet another treatise on Yoga in the form of a minor Upanishad, Yoga Kundlini Upanishad.

 

This Upanishad is from the Krishna Yajur Veda.

 

It has three distinct approaches o the Yoga.

 

It deals with Chitta primarily.

 

 

Patanjali describes what Yoga is in his first sutra,

 

‘Yoga: Chitaa Vrutti Nirodha’

 

Cessation of the modification of Chitta is Yoga.

 

Elaborating on this sutra , the Yoga Kundalini Upanishad discusses the different methods, some are different from Patanjali’s.

 

It deals with an exposition of Hatha and Lambika Yogas.

 

 

It concludes with an account of the non-qualified Brahman,that is the Nirguna Brahman.

 

Patanjali found it necessary to have a Personal God, Ishwara for practicing Yoga.

 

The Non-dual Brahman is , in the opinion of Patanjali, is easier to realize through the Personal God,Ishwara.

 

Please read my posts on this.

 

Kundalini Yoga analyses  the nature of Chitta in deatil

 

It maintains that Samskaras and Vasana( remnants of actions performed ,( both now and in the past births)  and Prana, the Vital Breath constitute the

 

 

causes for the existence of Chitta.

 

If Vasanas are controlled, Prana is automatically controlled. If Prana is controlled, the Vasanas are automatically controlled.

 

The Yoga-Kundalini Upanishad presents methods for the control of Prana.

 

The Yoga does not deal directly with Vasanas.

 

It deals directly with the techniques of controlling the Prana.

 

The three methods given in the Yoga-Kundalini Upanishad for the control of Prana are:

 

Mitahara, Asana and Shakti-Chalana.

 

 

 

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Why We Can’t Stop Thinking?

In Behavior, Health on December 2, 2012 at 09:34

Thinking is what makes us what we are.

 

Too much thinking brings in Misery and as a wag put it,’Life is a tragedy for those who think, but a Comedy to those who feel’.

 

Recent study reveals that thinking is what makes us survive and make us a complicated mechanism.

 

However stopping ‘thinking’ is possible, according to Indian Philosophy.

 

Patanjali’s Yoga Sastra is all about ‘cessation of the modification of Chitta(stilling the thought waves)’

 

This is described as ‘Moksha’, ‘Nirvana‘ when one realises He is One with the Reality.

 

Brain scanning technology is quickly approachi...

Brain scanning technology is quickly approaching levels of detail that will have serious implications (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

‘Most likely you have not needed to worry whether the rustling in the underbrush is a rabbit or a leopard, or had to identify the best escape route on a walk by the lake, or to wonder whether the funny pattern in the grass is a snake or dead branch. Yet these were life-or-death decisions to our ancestors. Optimal moment-to-moment readiness requires a brain that is working constantly, an effort that takes a great deal of energy. (To put this in context, the modern human brain is only 2 percent of our body weight, but it uses 20 percent of our resting energy.) Such an energy-hungry brain, one that is constantly seeking clues, connections and mechanisms, is only possible with a mammalian metabolism tuned to a constant high rate.

 

Constant thinking is what propelled us from being a favorite food on the savanna—and a species that nearly went extinct—to becoming the most accomplished life-form on this planet. Even in the modern world, our mind always churns to find hazards and opportunities in the data we derive from our surroundings, somewhat like a search engine server. Our brain goes one step further, however, by also thinking proactively, a task that takes even more mental processing.

 

So even though most of us no longer worry about leopards in the grass, we do encounter new dangers and opportunities: employment, interest rates, “70 percent off” sales and swindlers offering $20 million for just a small investment on our part. Our primate heritage brought us another benefit: the ability to navigate a social system. As social animals, we must keep track of who’s on top and who’s not and who might help us and who might hurt us. To learn and understand this information, our mind is constantly calculating “what if?” scenarios. What do I have to do to advance in the workplace or social or financial hierarchy? What is the danger here? The opportunity?

 

For these reasons, we benefit from having a brain that works around the clock, even if it means dealing with intrusive thoughts from time to time.’

 

http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=ask-the-brains-why-impossible-to-stop-thinking

 

Read my blogs on this subject under Indian philosophy.

 

Related:

 

As we age and our memory starts to function less well, names are most likely among the first things to escape us. You can use tricks to help remember, such as rhyming the name with an object. What is easiest, however, is to keep in mind that everyone has difficulty with names, so you can be less embarrassed when one eludes you and less critical of others when yours escapes them.

 

http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=ask-the-brains-why-does-memory-for-names-detoriate-with-age

 

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Computer That Translates Thoughts into Words

In Health, Science, Uncategorized on May 3, 2012 at 17:38

An X Ray Scan of the Brain.

Scientists are reported to have developed a Computer that can read and translate these thoughts into words.

The Computer analyses the electron discharges in the Brain and converts them into words.

That thoughts are electrical activity has been accepted recently by Scientists.

In fact some form of Epileptic seizures, like Grand mal seizure, is due to high rate of electrical discharge in the Brain.

In fact Science will come to know that it is not electrical discharge that happens in the brain but Magnetic discharges.

This has been explained in Buddhist Treatises and in Vaiseshika System of Indian Philosophy,

The underlying concept in this experiment is that the thought process is Linear.

True, but the process of Intellect is Magnetic and Non Linear- Result of the Activity of the Brain is Thought;Activity of the Brain is Intellect at a higher plane is Intellect, which determines the Course of your thoughts.

Even this is another process  by Chitta.

When people ask you to meditate it is only the modification of the Chitta that is being addressed to

 

Neuroscientists at the University of California Berkeley put electrodes inside the skulls of brain surgery patients to monitor information from their temporal lobe, which is involved in the processing of speech and images.

As the patient listened to someone speaking, a computer program analysed how the brain processed and reproduced the words they had heard.

The scientists believe the technique could also be used to read and report what they were thinking of saying next.

In the journal PLoS Biology, they write that it takes attempts at mind reading to ‘a whole new level’.

A computer programme analysed the activity from the electrodes, and reproduced the word they had heard or something very similar to it at the first attempt.

Brain Spectrogram

Spectrogram of Brain Activity.

Co-author Brian Pasley said there is already mounting evidence that ‘perception and imagery may be pretty similar in the brain’.

Therefore with more work, brain recordings could allow scientists to ‘synthesise the actual sound a person is thinking, or just write out the words with a type of interface device.’

Their study also shows in sharp relief how the auditory system breaks down sound into its individual frequencies – a range of around 1 to 8,000 Hertz for human speech.

Pasley told ABC News: ‘This study mainly focused on lower-level acoustic characteristics of speech. But I think there’s a lot more happening in these brain areas than acoustic analysis’.

He added: ‘We sort of take it for granted, the ability to understand speech. But your brain is doing amazing computations to accomplish this feat.’

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2094671/Mind-boggling-Science-creates-decode-thoughts-words.html

Brain Mechanisms of Self-Consciousness.

In Business, Hinduism, Indian Philosophy, Science on April 30, 2011 at 08:09

Kant's idea of perception

Image via Wikipedia

On can not reduce everything to chemicals and numbers.

However note the point that they have found a zone which exists that perceives and records individual with reference to Space.

But nobody has defined Space, they have described it.

Consciousness is beyond Mind.
Activity of the Brain is Mind.,which is like a CPU, for storing information.
Higher level is Intellect which sorts out, discriminates and adds judgements ,Right or Wrong.
Still higher level is Chitta which directs the intellect, which is determined by Dispositions that are inborn.

Note that in all these activities and whatever we do, including what I write now, I am aware and observing what I am doing.
This awareness at all levels of activity, whether physical or mental is beyond these states.
Also we are aware of dreams in Dreams and in some cases we recollect.
In these experiences we observe and participate as well
Consciousness is a part Human activity in all human behavior ,yet beyond it.

Story:

A new study uses creative engineering to unravel brain mechanisms associated with one of the most fundamental subjective human feelings: self-consciousness. The research, published in the April 28 issue of the journal Neuron, identifies a brain region called the temporo-parietal junction (TPJ) as being critical for the feeling of being an entity localized at a particular position in space and for perceiving the world from this position and perspective….

“Our results illustrate the power of merging technologies from engineering with those of neuroimaging and cognitive science for the understanding of the nature of one of the greatest mysteries of the human mind: self-consciousness and its neural mechanisms,” concludes Dr. Blanke. “Our findings on experimentally and pathologically induced altered states of self-consciousness present a powerful new research technology and reveal that TPJ activity reflects one of the most fundamental subjective feelings of humans: the feeling that ‘I’ am an entity that is localized at a position in space and that ‘I’ perceive the world from here.”

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110427131818.htm

Related:

Psychology and neuroscience have made major progress in explaining many kinds of thinking such as problem solving, learning, and language use. But many people still have the intuition that, no matter how far cognitive science progresses, it will still be unable to deal with the mystery of consciousness. On this view, we all have a basic understanding of conscious experience from our own episodes of perception, sensation, emotion, and reflection. But there is an unbridgeable explanatory gap that prevents science from drawing consciousness within its scope.

http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/hot-thought/201104/what-is-consciousness

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