Posts Tagged ‘Bhagavad gita’

Sanatana Dharma Means

In Hindusim on December 10, 2014 at 18:27

Hinduism is a name given to the culture of India by the West and the Islam Invaders.


The term that describes and used by the Ithihasas, Ramayana and Mahabharata` the followers of,


a certain way of Life as a matter of routine,


that such ways and procedures are followed by practice and transmitted by word of mouth.


This covers a wide range of the populace.


It includes those who believe in God, Atheists,Monists, Dualist,Non Dualist,Monotheist,Henotheist,Polytheist,Nihilist.


Then what exactly the term Sanatana Dharma denote?


The words Sanatana and Dharma have profound meaning in Sanskrit.


“The two words, “Sanatana Dharma”, come from the ancient Sanskrit language. “Sanatana” is a Sanskrit word that denotes that which is Anadi (beginningless),

Anantha (endless) and does not cease to be, that which is eternal and everlasting. With its rich connotations,

Dharma is not translatable to any other language. Dharma is from dhri, meaning to hold together, to sustain. Its approximate meaning is “Natural Law,” or those principles of reality which are inherent in the very nature and design of the universe.”


Sanatana indicates that which  does not have a beginning and ending.


That is it has no origin in the sense that there is no founder.


If what is stated has been begotten only by Reason, it can not be beginning-less, for it should have had a founder.


As the Truth enumerated in Hinduism has been grasped intuitively  by many it does not have a founder nor can one ascribe a Time frame.


You do not clock an emotion or a spiritual thought.


Truth is not revealed in stages, it is by a flash.


Dharma is a difficult term to define even for Lord Krishna , as He admits in the Bhagavad Gita.


It changes from age to age, aeons to aeons, from individual to individual.


But one thing remains firm.


That it supports one who follows it.


Dharmo Rakshati Rakshatah’


Dharma protects one who protects Dharma.


Dharma is self-sustaining.


The practice of it supports not only the one who follows it but sustains the Universe and beings both Living and Non Living.


Krishna says in the Geetha  both  Devas and man mutually help each other by performing their respective duties, Man by performing Yagnyas, Devas by ensuring Timely Rains, Sun Light and other phenomena,


The concept of Reality is an abstract in Hinduism.


It is a principle like the law of Gravity, it rolls on.


Name and forms are only modes to concentrate the Mind.


Yet there are some eternal values.


Satyanna Pramadhidavyam, speak nothing but the Truth,


Dharmanna Pramadhidavyam, perform nothing but what is sanctioned by Dharma.


Kuchalaana Pramadhidavya, do nothing but for the welfare of others.


Matru Devo Bhava, Mother is God,


Pitru Devo Bhava,Father is God,


Acharya Devo Bahava, teacher, preceptor is God,


Adhiti devo Bhava, Guest is God,


Satyam Bruyaath, speak The Truth,


Hitam Bruyaath, while speaking truth make sue that is spoken in a way that does not hurt others,


Sarve janas Sukino Bhavanthu, may All be Happy,


Samastha Sanmangalani Bhavanthu, May what is auspicious befall on All,


Thachamyora vruneemahe, Gyathum Yagyaaya, Gyathum Yagyapathayae,


daivi swasti rasthunaha,


Urthvam jigathu Beshajam,


Sano asthu dwipade, Sanchathuspathe.


Om Shanthi, Shanthi, Shanthi.


May the two-legged be Happy,


May the four-legged be happy,


May the trees get adequate water.


This is Sanatana Dharma.


Image Credit.







Appropriate Bhagavad Gita Verse In Egyptian Pyramid

In Hindusim on December 8, 2014 at 12:15

I have been exploring the spread of Sanatana Dharma throughout the world.




This, I have approached from,


1.Presence of Hindu Gods,Goddesses in the countries of the world.

2.Cultural similarities between Sanatana Dharma and the various countries.

3.Legends ,Religious practices of the countries.

4.Literary works.

5.Archeological evidence indicating the presence of Sanatana Dharama.

6.Linguistic affiliation between Sanskrit,Tamil,Brahmi scripts and the local languages.

7.Travelers chronicles.

8.Cross referencing world literature, Religious quotes.

9.Geographical descriptions.


I have posted articles on the existence of Sanatana Dharama in




Sri Lanka,




Polynesian group of Islands,









Middle east,






Norway and Sweden,






Now there is evidence that the Egyptians were aware of the Bhagavad Gita.


In one of the Pyramids, dating back to 3000 BC, a verse, from the second chapter of the Bhagavad Gita was found inscribed.


There are some scholars who say: This proves that Krishna learned his Geeta philosophy from the Egyptians!
Please note that only one verse of Geeta was found in Egypt, not the whole Geeta. Here it is:

vasanvsi jeernani yatha vihaya, navani
ghrunnati naro parani

- Nava Bharat Times, 18-4-1967


This verse is from The Bhagavd Gita Chapter 2,verse 22.


The text and translation.


vasamsi jirnani yatha vihaya
navani grhnati naro ‘parani
tatha sarirani vihaya jirnany
anyani samyati navani dehi

vasamsi–garments; jirnani–old and worn out; yatha–as it is; vihaya–giving up; navani–new garments; grhnati–does accept; narah–a man; aparani–other; tatha–in the same way; sarirani–bodies; vihaya–giving up; jirnani–old and useless; anyani–different; samyati–verily accepts; navani–new sets; dehi–the embodied.

As a person puts on new garments, giving up old ones, similarly, the soul accepts new material bodies, giving up the old and useless ones.

How appropriate for a Burial Tomb!




* I am trying to locate the Pyramid’s location.

Hinduism Kings Gods In King List Sumeria

In Hinduism on December 8, 2014 at 10:24

I have posted an article that Lord Rama and Bharata’s names are found in the Kings List of Sumerians chronicling their Kings.


Not only Rama and Bharata, but the names of other Hindu Puranic figures find a place in the Kings List.


The Names found are,

Sumerian Kings, Chronological order,Kings List.jpg

Sumerian Kings, Chronological order,Kings List.


Indra,Pururavas,Dasaratha,Parashurama,Satyavrata,Iksvahu,Kakusha,Janaka,Vasishta, Janamejaya,Dushyanta(Father of Bharata,after whom India is named as Bharatavarsha),Rishis Gautama,Dundhu,,Muchukunda,Drupada,Harischandra,Sagara,Bhagiratha, Lava, Kusha(Rama’s sons),Aja and Raghu(Rama’s ancestors),Pundarika,


Curious enough ‘ all of them belong to Solar Dynasty mentioned in Puranas.


“Waddell’s primary chronology was compiled from various Sumerian king lists, Egyptian list of pharaohs, the Bhagavata Purana, Mahabharata, Rigveda and numerous Indus Valley Civilization seals and other monuments and relics and sources, some of which he had deciphered himself.[2] It was entitled “Dated Chronological List of Sumerian or Early Aryan Kings from the Rise of Civilization to the Kassi Dynasty” and documented an alleged list of world emperors as follows:




Image Credit.



No. Names in Sumerian King Lists and monuments Date BCE
Indian list names
1 Ukusi of Ukhu City or Udu, Uduin, or Odin, Indar, Induru,
Dur, Pur, Sakh, Sagaga, Zagg, Gaur, or Adar
First Sumerian Dynasty
3378–3349 BCE
Ikshvāku or Indra or Sakko or Pururavas
2 Azag Ama Basam or Bakus, Tasia, Mukhla, Gin, Gan or Kan or Nimmirud 3348–3337 BCE Ayus, Ama-Basu or Bikukshi-Nimi
Azag Bakus or Gan at Unuk, Enoch or Erech City 3336–3273 BCE As Above
3 Naksha, Enuzu, Anenzu, Unnusha, In, Enu Second Sumerian Dynasty
3272–3248 BCE
Nahusha, Anenas or Janak
4 Udu, Uduk 3247–3242 BCE Udā-vasu, Yadu, Yayati, (?) King Puru
5 Zimugun, Dumuzi 3241–3312 BCE Janamejaya or Jina
6 Uziwitar 3211–3206 BCE Vishtara or Wishtara
7 Mutin Ugun 3205–3195 BCE Matinara
8 Imuashshu or Pishmana 3194–3184 BCE Vishamsu or Tamsu
9 Naili (or Nandu) Iaxa Sumaddi or Duag 3183–3181 BCE Anila (?) Ucchaya, Dushyanta or (?) Sunanta




Baratutu, Bardū, Barti Pirtu
Gaudumu or Dūdumunu
Azag, or Ashita-ab
Ishzax or Gishax Gamesh
Uruash-Khād, Urusag-Khaddu,
Barama’hasha or Arwasag (c. 3100 BCE)
Magdal, A-Magdal, Mukh
Bidashnadi, Bidsar, Biugun or Biguaxu
Enun-nad Enash-nadi
Tarsi (Ene- or “divine”)
or Dixxi (Di- or “divine”)
Medi or Meti
Kiuga, Mūkuda
Tarsi, Dix-saax or (?) Shu-Dix
Tizama or Tizkar, Anda
Rumau or Pashipadda
Uruduki Raman Duruashi-padda or Rutasa Rama
(“Anni-padda”) (c. 2900 BCE)
Paunukha (“?Meshkalamdug”)
Gungun, Kingubi-Dudu
Kalbu or Kalburu
Bara-Gina, Puru-gin, Pardu-Bazum
or Urudu-Gina, or Urukka-Gina
The Great Gap of 430 years
with 26 (or 27) KingsUruash’s Dynasty of “Paunch”
3180–2751 BCE
Burata, Brihad, Prithu
Gautama, Dhundhumara
Dwat, Candra-ashva
Aja-midha or Siteshu
Chaxus, Riksha, Rucaka or Ruk-meshu
Haryashva or BarmyashvaMudgala or Mogallo
Badhryashya, L’asenadi or B’ujyu
Dāsa (Divo- or “divine”) or Trasa Dasyu I
Mettiyo or Mitrayu
Cyavana or Muckunda
Su-Dāsa, Dussaha or Trasa Dasyu II
Somaka, Sambhuta
Prishada or Suvarna Roman

Drupada I, Hrashva Roman
or Rohidashva
Vyoman, Vasumanas
Bhanu or Ban-kirti
Harish-candra II
Harita or Rohit-ashwa II
Cuncu or Dhundu
B’aruka or Ruruki
Vri-Taka or Dhri-Taka
Pra-Cinvat, B’arad-Vaja, Bahū or Bahuka or
Puru II

36a Zaggisi or Saggisi 2750–2726 BCE -
37 Guni, Shar-Guni, Kin or Sargon Sargon’s Dynasty
2725–2671 BCE
Kuni Sha-Kuni or Sagara
37a Mush Uru 2670–2656 BCE -
38 Man-ishtishu or Menes First Egyptian Dynasty
2655–2641 BCE
Son of Sargon, Asa-Manja, Manasyu
39 Naram-sin 2640–2585 BCE Grandson of Sargon, Anjana, Ansu-mat or Karamba
40 Shar-kali-sharri 2584–2561 BCE Son of Naram-sin, Kunti-jit, Khatawanga, Dilīppa
- Irgigi, Nigigi, Imi, Nanum, Iama (in inter-regnum) four kings 2560-2558 BCE Bhagi-ratha
41 Dudu 2557-2537 BCE Dhundu
42 Shūdur-kib 2536-2522 BCE Suhotra II, Shruta Shrutāyas
43 Uru-Nigin (? Nikin Uru of seal WSC. 390 2nd Erech Dynasty
2521-2519 BCE
Nabhin, Nābhāga
44 Urish-Ginar 2518-2513 BCE Harish-Candra or Ambarisha
44a Tardu (or Kudda) 2512-2507 BCE (?) RathiTara “great-grandson of Ambarūshu”
45 Ba-Sha-nini (or -ama) 2506-2502 BCE Sindhu-dhipa, Sanjaya
Uru-ash (or -an) -uta 2501-2494 BCE -
46 Guti occupation without kings Guti Dynasty
2493-2452 BCE
Kusha Dynasty
Ayunāyus (or ? Duthaliyas, k. of Khatti)
47 Muruta 2451-2449 BCE Mūrtaya
In Kishu or Gishu 2448-2443 BCE Kusha
Irilla Tax (or Warla Gaba) 2442-2437 BCE -
Dug-me or Ug-me 2436-2431 BCE -
48 Eamamesh (or Kashushamama) 2430-2425 BCE Kushāmba or Sarva-Kāma
Inima Bakies, Baesses, Bakus or Basam 2424-2420 BCE Basu II or Bhaji
Iziaush 2419-2414 BCE -
49 Iārla Tax or Dax 2413-2399 BCE Su Dāsa II
Ibate 2398-2396 BCE
Iārla Gash or Kashushamama (2nd term) 2395-2393 BCE Kushāmba (2nd term)
Basium, Basam or Bakus (2nd term) 2392- BCE Basu II or Bhaji (2nd term)
Nikīm or Nigin 2391-2389 BCE -
Lasi-rubum or La-Sirab 2388-2387 BCE Sarva-bhauma
Irarum 2386-2385 BCE -
Darranūm 2384- BCE -
50 Khāblum or Khab-Kalamu 2383-2382 BCE Kalmāshu-pāda
Suratāsh Sin or Sarati Gubi Sin 2381-2375 BCE Sruta, Upa-Gupta
Guda, Iārla Guashda or Gudia 2374-2368 BCE Gādhi
En-Ridi-Pizir, Pisha Ruddu 2367-2361 BCE Vishva-Ratha (son of Gādhi)
Tiri-gan 2360- BCE Trishanku
51 Ashukhamukh or Utukhe-gal 3rd Erech Dynasty
2360-2353 BCE
52 Uruash-Zikim Third Dynasty of Ur
2352-2335 BCE
Uru-Ricika Mūlaka
Dungi or Duk-gin (Shamu-) 2334-2277 BCE Dagni or Dagni-Jama
Purash-Sin (“Bur-Sin” 2276-2268 BCE Parashu-Rāma (and his massacre) Dasharatha or (?)
53 Suash-Sin (“Gimil-Sin”) 2267-2259 BCE Shata-ratha or Sushena Shata-ratha
54 Il-Ibil-Sin 2258-2233 BCE Il-Ibila or Ilivila
55 Ishbi-Ashuurra Isin Dynasty
2332-2200 BCE
56 Katini-Kat (or Shu-Lilishu 2199-2190 BCE Khatvanga or Dilipa
57 Itiash-Dakhu 2189-2169 BCE Dirga-bahu
58 Ishshibash-Dakhu 2163-2149 BCE Raghu
59 Libiash Ugun 2148-2138 BCE Aja
60 Dashashi-urash, Muru 2137-2110 BCE Dasha-ratha
61 Amar-Sin, (“Bur-Sin II”) 2109-2089 BCE Rama or Rama-Chandra
62 Libi (Insakh) 2088-2084 BCE Lava and Kusha
Ashurra Iwiti or Urra Iwiti 2083-2076 BCE -
63 Insakh-bani 2075-2052 BCE Atithi or Suhotra IV
64 Zāmbi (3) Tenirpisha (4) Urdukuga, Sin Mapish (II) 2051- BCE Nishadha
65 Damiq-ilushu -2007 BCE Nala
66 Anuha-Mubalit (“Sin Muballit” (20, of which four as emperor) First Babylonian Dynasty
as emperors
2023-2004 BCE
Nabha or Nabhas
67 Khammu-Rabi or “Great Lotus” 2003-1961 BCE Pundarika or “Great Lotus”
68 Sāmsui-Uduna 1960-1923 BCE Kshema-Dhanvan
69 Abieshu’a 1922-1895 BCE Devānīka
70 Ammi-Satana or Ammi-Ditana 1894-1858 BCE Ruru or (?) Suto-rusta
71 Ammi-Saraga or Ammi-Suduga 1857-1837 BCE Ahi-nagu
72 Sāmsu-Satana 1836-1806 BCE Sudhanvan ofr Pariyatra
73 Sakhari-Bal Sea-Land Dynasty
1805-1791 BCE
Sahasra-Bala or Bala (with separate line)
74 Xatal (“Gandash”) Kassite Dynasty
1790-1775 BCE
Sthala or Gaya
75 Agu-um 1774-1753 BCE Auka or Uktha
76 Bisuiru (“Kashtiliash”) 1752-1745 BCE Vajra-nābha
77 Ushigu 1744-1737 BCE Shankha
78 Abisuttash 1736- BCE Ab’Yutthit-ashva or Dhyushit-ashva

Ancient Greek Ambassador Worshiped Vishnu

In Hinduism, History on December 7, 2014 at 18:01

Hinduism does not advocate conversion.


It believes that Religion is a question of personal choice and holds it sacred.


It does not believe in numbers game.


Hinduism is like a Doctor.


If and when you are sick you go to  Doctor.


The Doctor prescribes you medicines.


He does not force you to take the medicine.


It is in your interest to take it.


The Doctor is not affected by your action.


Hinduism is like the Doctor.


It tells you the paths traversed by people who have realized God hood.


In the Bhagavad Gita, Lord Krishna explains about the various systems of Hindu Thought to Arjuna.


In the last chapter(18),just about to conclude the discourse , informs Arjuna,


‘I have told you what is utmost secret.


You examine them carefully and follow whatever suits and what your disposition tells You’


That’s all.


Hinduism is a way of Life.


Strictly speaking it is difficult to define who a Hindu is.


A Hindu is one who follows certain guidelines of Life and Beyond.


Not necessary to have been born a Hindu.


One need not believe in God even for Atheism is also accepted as a Faith in Hinduism.


However there are certain rules ,qualifications required to study the Vedas, the Sacred Books of the Hindus.


Hindus, though not advocating religious Conversion accepts people from the other Faiths .


There are no ceremonies involved.


Example of this is the worship of Lord Vishnu, by Helidorus, Ambassador to India to Gupta King’s court.


He erected a column in tribute to Lord Vishnu and it is called Heliodorous Column.


Heliodorous Pillar.jpg

Heliodorous Pillar.


It is known that Heliodorus was sent to the court of King Bhagabhadra by Antiakalidas, the Greek king of Taxila. The kingdom of Taxila was part of the Bactrian region in northwest India, conquered by Alexander the Great in 325 B.C. By the time of Antialkidas, the area under Greek rule included what is today Afghanistan, Pakistan and Punjab.(2)

The column erected by Heliodorus first came to notice in 1877, during an archaeological survey by General Cunningham. The inscription, however, went unnoticed, because of the pillar’s thick coating of red lead paste. It had been the custom of pilgrims who had worshipped there to smear the column with vermillion paste. The column, Cunningham deduced from its shape, was from the period of the Imperial Guptas (3) (A.D. 300-550). Thirty-two years later, however, when the inscription was brought to light, it became clear that the monument was several centuries older. (4)..


Heliodorous Column.jpg

The Heliodorous inscription on the Heliodorous Column.


A reproduction of the inscription, along with the transliteration and translation of the ancient Brahmi text, is given here as it appeared in the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society.

1)   Devadevasu Va[sude]vasa Garudadhvajo ayam

2)   Karito ia Heliodorena bhaga

3)   Vatena Diyasa putrena Takhasilakena

4)   Yonadatena agatena maharajasa

5)   Amtalikitasa upa[m]ta samkasam-rano

6)   Kasiput[r]asa [Bh]agabhadrasa tratarasa

7)   Vasena [chatu]dasena rajena vadhamanasa

” This Garuda-column of Vasudeva (Visnu), the god of gods, was erected here by Heliodorus, a worshipper of Vishnu, the son of Dion, and an inhabitant of Taxila, who came as Greek ambassador from the Great King Antialkidas to King Kasiputra Bhagabhadra, the Savior, then reigning prosperously in the fourteenth year of his kingship.”


1) Trini amutapadani-[su] anuthitani

2) nayamti svaga damo chago apramado

“Three immortal precepts (footsteps)..when practiced lead to heaven-self restraint, charity, conscientiousness.”

From the inscriptions it is seems clear Heliodorus was influenced by Vedic principles that he could be considered to be a Vaisnava, a follower or worshipper of Visnu. Professor Kunja Govinda Goswami of Calcutta University concludes that Heliodorus ” was well acquainted with the texts dealing with the Bhagavat [Vaisnava] relgion.” (6)





Universe In Temple Designs Hindusim Angkor Vat

In Hinduism on November 11, 2014 at 09:00

What is in the Macrocosm is in the Microcosm.


What is seen or perceive in the Universe is with in the us.


The Universe and we are not different.


Angkor Vat Temple.jpg

Angkor Vat Temple.


The principles in the making of the universe are within us and the Hindu temples keep this point in constructing them.


The Hindu Temples are built according to Vedic Principles of Cosmology and the physical structural guidelines are from the Vaasu Sasta and Agamas.


One would temples, including cave temple of Gavi Gangadhara temple in Bangalore, have the Sun’s Rays falling on the God’s idol on specific days.


Vishnu’s Mathsya temple also has these feature.


There are temples where the shadow of the idol falls at a specific pre marked space.


There are quite a few temples and  please check my posts under Hinduism.


We have the Sun temple at Konark where one can find Astronomy being used in the construction of temple.


We have the city of Jaipur built based on Vedic principles,


I shall be posting on this.


What is interesting is that the principles of the Vedas are fully used in a Temple, which is in Cambodia.


It is the Angkor vat Temple.


The number 108 represents the distance from the earth to the sun and the moon in sun and moon diameters, respectively.
The diameter of the Sun is  18 times the diameter of the earth.


The distance between the human body and its inner Sun is also 108.


Number 360,taken to represent an year is the number of bones in the Human body at the time of birth and they get fused into 206  when the Body grows (Satapatha Brahmana)


The primary Vedic number is three, representing the tripartite division of the physical world into the earth, the atmosphere, and the

sky and that of the person into the physical body, the pranas, and the inner sky.

Hindu Temples represent the Meru Mountain and Bruhat Samhita lists 56 principles on this.
The AngkorVat.
The most impressive aspect of the temple representation is that it occurs both at the level
of the part as well as the whole in a recursive fashion, mirroring the Vedic idea of the
microcosmsymbolizes the macrocosm at variouslevels of expressions.
This is done not only in the domain of numbers and directions, but also
using anppropriate mythological themes and historical incidents.
Speaking just of numbers, the various lengths and circumferences of units
representing the motion of the moon may equal 27, 28, 29
(nakshatras or days of the month), 354
(days of the lunar year), or 360
(tithis of the lunar year). Other lengths represent the solar
year (360, 365, or 366) or larger
time cycles. For example, the west-east axis represents
the periods of the yugas. The width of the moat is 439.78 cubit;
the distance from the first step of the western entrance gateway to balustrade wall
at the end of causeway is 867.03 cubit; the d istance fromthe first step
of the western entrance gateway to the first step of
the central tower is 1,296.07 cubit; and the distance from
the first step of bridge to the geographic center of the temple
 is 1,734.41 cubit. These correspond to the periods of
432,000; 864,000; 1,296,000; 1,728,000 years
for the Kali, Dvapara, Treta, and Kritayuga, respectively.
Citation and for more,

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