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Shiva Vishnu The Same Quotes

In Uncategorized on June 30, 2014 at 07:12

 

I have posted some articles on the Unity of Shiva an Vishnu.

 

There is no distinction between the two.

 

I am providing some quotes from the Puranas.

 

Brahma Vishnu Shiva as One.Image.jpg.

Brahma Vishnu Shiva as One. Halebid

“Though the three, Brahma Vishnu and Siva form an integral whole the world considers them separate and quarrels.”

 

-Thirumoolar in Thirumandiram.

 

“Those who find indifference in Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva and recognise the oneness in them obtain eternal peace.” Chapetr 4 Srimad Bhagavatham

 

“Shiva Brahma and Vishnu are thy manifested forms, which create, maintain and destroy the universe at thy will.  Thou is Ishwara who delivers Moksha (Salvation).  Thou is Parabrahman (the Supreme Lord).”-Chapter 8 Srimad Bhagavataham

 

Shivo Harirhariha Shakshatchiva Eva Nirupitaha      |
Shivadveshi Haridrohi Vishnum Nityam Bhajanapi    || Narada Pancharatra.

‘Shiva is Hari and Hari is none other than Shiva.  An enemy of Shiva is an enemy of Hari, even though he may daily worship Vishnu.’

 

Glory to thee, who is honoured as Brahman in the Vedanta – Lord of the three worlds – Mahadev.”-Vallabhacharya.

 

Legends from Puranas on Hiva and Vishnu being One.

 

“There are two mahaa-phala daayaka Vrukshas.

One by the name Vaasudeva and the other by the name Vaamadeva.

They differ only in their sumas (flowers) (‘su’ is replaced by ‘ma’ in their names), but both give the same phalas (fruits, which is moksham)”.

It is also often said, “How much one does not see the difference between Shiva and Vishnu, that much his aayu will increase”.

One day, when Lakshmi and Vishnu were together in vihaaram, Lakshmi sees Ucchaishravam, her brother, the horse of Revanta who is the son of Surya. Engrossed in seeing her brother, she does not reply to the repeated calls of Vishnu.

Seeing her attraction, Vishnu gives her shaapam to go to Bhulokam in the form of a horse and come back to Vaikuntam only after getting a son equal to Himself! She comes to Bhuloka to experience the shaapam and realizing that none other than her brother, Shiva can help her calm Vishnu, she immediately does a tapas for Him and Shiva appears to save her soodari. Lakshmi says “You and Vishnu are both same, the Paramaatma. Please help me!”.

Shiva says “Soodari! How do you know that we both are same? All learned people know that. Who told you?”.

Lakshmi says, “Once Mahavishnu Himself told me this. Seeing Him in deep Daiva-dhyaanam, I asked Him “During Samudramanthanam, I thought you were the greatest of all and hence chose you. Devaadideva! Who is better than you that you are in dhyaanam of Him?”.

Mahavishnu replied “I am doing Shankara-dhyaanam. He is Eshwara. He is the same as Me. All learned people know that. If someone is my devotee but still hates Shiva, he will fall into naraka”.

Saying this, She asks Shiva to pursuade Vishnu to bless Her with a child. Shiva sends Chitrarupa as a duta to convince Vishnu.

Vishnu immediately accepts and comes to Bhuloka and blesses Lakshmi with Ekaveera, who is equal to Vishnu Himself.

 

From Ekaveera came forth the Haihaya dynasty, of which the most noted king is Kartavirya Arjuna (Ekaveera’s grandson).

 

How much ever one imagines that much only are You:

  • For Vaishnavas You are Vishnu
  • For Vedaantas You are Parabrahma
  • For Shaivas and other bhaktas You are Shiva
  • For Kaapaalikas You are Kaala-Bhairava
  • For Shaakteyaas You are Shakti
  • For people with alpa-buddhi You appear as alpam
  • For people who know Your Garima and have Ghana-buddhi You are a Ghana
  • For people who are Sharanaagati You are Venkateshvara

Annamaacharya, in “Enta maatramuna evvaru talichina.

 

Once Shri Krishna, the avataar of Mahaavishnu, came to Upamanyu maharshi, when he was at Himaalayas.

Shri Krishna said “Upamanyu muniindra! You are the greatest in the Shiva Bhaktas. I came here to do Tapas of Paramashiva to get santaanam.

Please teach Me Shaiva-vidhi and vidhaanam”.

Upamanyu replied “O Shri Krishna! I know who You are. Shiva puuja is not new to You.

Though You know it, to make everybody know, I will tell You …” Saying thus, Upamanyu told Shri Krishna how to do Shiva-aaraadhana.

 

Citation.

http://www.iskcondesiretree.net/forum/topics/both-shiva-and-vishnu-are-same

 

 

Woman Can Not Stay After Marriage In Kashmir Article 370

In Uncategorized on May 30, 2014 at 08:10

Unless some one knows the text and the full implication of the Article 370 of the Constitution of India, one may not know that some of the Clauses

 

 

violate the Nationhood of India and even Human Rights.

 

Jammu and Kashmir.image.jpg.

Jammu and Kashmir.

 

Some features and implications.

 

1.Similar protections for unique status exist in tribal areas of India including those in Himachal PradeshArunachal PradeshAndaman & Nicobar Islands and Nagaland. However, it is only for the state of Jammu and Kashmir that the accession of the state to India is still a matter of dispute between India and Pakistan still on the agenda of the UN Security Council and where the Government of India vide 1974 Indira-Sheikh accord committed itself to keeping the relationship between the Union and Jammu and Kashmir State within the ambit of this article.

 

Why?

 

Because it has Muslim population or is it because Sheikh Abdullah is Nehru’s step brother?

 

2.In notifications issued as far back as 1927 and 1932, the state created various categories of residents – with some being called permanent residents (PRs) with special rights.

 

Though the law did not discriminate between female and male PRs, an administrative rule made it clear that women could remain PRs only till marriage. After that they had to seek a fresh right to remain PRs.

And if a woman married someone who wasn’t a Kashmiri PR, she automatically lost her own PR status. In 2004, the state high court, in the case of State of J&K vs Sheela Sawhney, declared that there was no provision in the existing law dealing with the status of a female PR who married a non-resident.

The provision of women losing their PR status after marrying outside the state, therefore, did not have any legal basis.

 

This decision was historic because it corrected an administrative anomaly and brought relief to women who married outside the state.

 

A People’s Democratic Party government, led by Mehbooba Mufti, passed a law to overturn the court judgment by introducing a Bill styled “Permanent Residents (Disqualification) Bill, 2004’.

 

This was not Mufti’s solo effort. Omar Abdullah’s party, the National Conference, backed this Bill and got it passed in the assembly. But it did not ultimately see the light of day for various reasons.

 

Is this not Human Rights violation?

 

Where are the Human Rights and Feminists like Arundhati Roy and Co on the unequal status to women?

 

Or are these pontifications applicable only to Hindus?

 

3.

the power of Parliament to make laws for the said state shall be limited to—
(i) those matters in the Union List and the Concurrent List which, in consultation with the Government of the State, are declared by the President to correspond to matters specified in the Instrument of Accession governing the accession of the State to theDominion of India as the matters with respect to which the Dominion Legislature may make laws for that State; and
(ii) such other matters in the said Lists as, with the concurrence of the Government of the State, the President may by order specify.

Explanation: For the purpose of this article, the Government of the State means the person for the time being recognized by the President on the recommendation of the Legislative Assembly of the State as the Sadr-i-Riyasat (now Governor) of Jammu and Kashmir, acting on the advice of the Council of Ministers of the State for the time being in office.[1][a]

(c) the provisions of article 1 and of this article shall apply in relation to that State;
(d) such of the other provisions of this Constitution shall apply in relation to that State subject to such exceptions and modifications as the President may by order specify:
Provided that no such order which relates to the matters specified in the Instrument of Accession of the State referred to in paragraph (i) of sub-clause (b) shall be issued except in consultation with the Government of the State:
Provided further that no such order which relates to matters other than those referred to in the last preceding proviso shall be issued except with the concurrence of that Government.

(2) If the concurrence of the Government of the State referred to in paragraph (ii) of sub-clause (b) of clause (1) or in the second proviso to sub-clause (d) of that clause be given before the Constituent Assembly for the purpose of framing the Constitution of the State is convened, it shall be placed before such Assembly for such decision as it may take thereon.

(3) Notwithstanding anything in the foregoing provisions of this article, the President may, by public notification, declare that this article shall cease to be operative or shall be operative only with such exceptions and modifications and from such date as he may specify:
Provided that the recommendation of the Constituent Assembly of the State referred to in clause (2) shall be necessary before the President issues such a notification.[2]

In Concurrent List, the decision of the Center will be final as for as the other States are concerned.

 

In Kashmir it is the reverse.

 

In Kashmir in India or India in Kashmir?

 

‘Between 40 to 45% of the Non Plan Expenditure [allocations outside the Plan to run the day to day expenses] are met by the Central Government. In case of ‘self-rule’, nobody has made clear who will pay the bill.

Claude: Kashmir is today the most subsidized State in India!

Jagmohan: The poorest State in India is Bihar, but today Kashmir gets 11 times more Central assistance than Bihar. If ‘self-rule’ means self-sufficiency, all this support from the Central government will stop. But the problem is that nobody, none of the Kashmiris leaders will tell you this. If you ask them, they will say, “the finances will come”, but they will remain vague. That is for development.

Then Non Plan Expenditure, the day to day expenses like the salaries [of the government employees]. If tomorrow Kashmir is ‘de-linked’ from India except for External Affairs, Communications and Defence, the finances will not be provided anymore.

The next question is “who will pay?”

Will the Americans do it? Nobody is able to answer these questions. Some say, India should continue to finance ‘self-ruled’ Kashmir, but if tomorrow the ‘self-ruled’ government declare themselves independent or an Islamic State, will India, a secular State continue to finance a theocratic State?

There are so many contradictions in these proposals; it is what people do not understand. There are so many loopholes.

So far is Pakistan concerned, it is not even a democracy [and they are speaking of ‘self-rule’].

Claude: Does ‘self-rule’ applies also to Baltistan, Gilgit and other parts of Kashmir occupied by Pakistan?

Jagmohan: [Musharraf] has not clarified this. Today, [these areas] are virtually a colony of Pakistan. In POK, the President of Pakistan is the Chairman of the Security Council, of the Development Council and of the Kashmir Council. The Minister for Kashmir Affairs in Islamabad is the Vice-Chairman of these Councils. It means that all decisions are taken by Islamabad. It is not like here in India where the elected Chief Minister can take its own decision, there is not such thing in PoK. [The problem is that] nobody has gone into the nitty-gritty of these proposals.

 

- (See more at: http://www.theindianrepublic.com/tbp/article-370-misconceived-interview-jagmohan-former-governor-jk-100037563.html?utm_source=Twitter&utm_medium=tw_social&utm_campaign=twitter_a#sthash.yNkpoedT.dpuf)

 

Citation wiki.

 

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Shiva Buddha Worshiped As One God Machendranath

In Uncategorized on May 24, 2014 at 21:58

Buddhism, a great Religion of India, started off as a System to overcome the excessive use of Karma Kanda of the Vedas, where he Rituals of the Vedic

 

system.

 

 

Mimamsa was at its apex and it followed the Rituals vigorously with the result that the Yagnas were performed  excessively and sacrifice of animals was

 

at its peak.

 

At the other end were innumerable gods, Goddesses.

 

Seto machendranath.jpg.

Seto machendranath.

 

 

Karma Kanda per se is very complicated and people were fed up.

 

Buddhism filled in the void with its Philosophy of change , its Nireswara vada, denial of Personal God, Idol worship and its denial of Vedic Authority.

 

It is an irony that  Buddha is being worshiped as God.

 

There is a temple in Nepal where Lord Shiva and The Buddha are worshiped in a Temple and in the same Image.

 

This is Rato Machhendranath or Matsyendranath  in the southern part of the Patan Durbar Square ,Nepal.

 

Hindus regard him as the reincarnation of the Lord Shiva, while the Buddhists regard him as the Tantric reincarnation of Avalokiteshvara.

 

The Patan temple, also known as the Rato Machchhindranath Temple, is one of the oldest temple which dates back from 16th century.[2] It is one of the famous temples of the Kathmandu Valley. It lies in the southern part of the Patan Durbar Square. Each of the four well crafted wooden doors of this temple is guarded by two lion figures while the four corners of the temple are guarded by Khyah, a Yeti-like demonic figure.[1] Rato Machchhindranath spends six months of the year in this temple.

The village of Bungamati, regarded as the birthplace of Machchhindranath, is a traditional Newar town located 10 km from downtown Kathmandu.

The temple of Rato Machchhindranath is located in the heart of this village and it is known as his second home.

It is a well crafted shikhara styled temple.After the chariot festival, Rato Machchhindranath spends the next six month in this temple.

Legend od Machendranath.

When Guru Gorakhnath visited Patan, he captured all the rain showering serpents of Patan and started to meditate after he was disappointed by the locals as they did not grant him any alms on his request.

Bunga_dyah_statue.jpg

Bunga dyah statue.

As a result, Patan faced drought for a long time.

The then king of Patan, on the advice of his advisers, invited Machchhindranath, Guru of Gorakhnath, to Patan.

When Gorakhnath learned that his teacher was in Patan he released all the rain showering serpents and went to see him.

As soon as the rain showering serpents were set free, Patan again got plenty of rainfall every year.

After that day, the locals of Patan worshiped Machchhindranath as the god of rain.

Bunga Dyah Jātrā (Devanagari: बुंग द्यः जात्रा) is a chariot procession honoring the Buddhist deity of compassion Avalokiteśvara(Sanskrit: अवलोकितेश्वर) held in LalitpurNepal. It is one of the greatest religious events in the city and the longest chariot festival celebrated in the country.

Bunga Dyah is also known as Raktalokitesvara Karunamaya and Rāto Machhendranāth (रातो मछिन्द्रनाथ), and is revered as the giver of rain.

 

The name Rato Machhendranath means Red Machhendranath in a reference to the color of the deity’s image.

 

The chariot festival is held according to the lunar calendar, so the date is changeable.

 

It begins on the 4th day of the bright fortnight ofBachhalā (बछला), the seventh month in the lunar Nepal Era calendar.

 

The chariot procession was instituted to celebrate the arrival of Bunga Dyah in Nepal and the end of a devastating drought

. It was started when Narendra Deva was the king (640-683 AD).

Preparations for the festival begin with the construction of a 60-foot tall chariot at Pulchok at the western end of Lalitpur.

When the chariot is complete, the image of Bunga Dyah from his temple is installed in it.

Revellers then drag the chariot through the streets of Lalitpur on a tour that lasts a month.

The chariot of Bunga Dyah is accompanied on the journey by a similar but smaller chariot of Chākuwā Dyah (चाकुवा द्यः).

The deity is another Bodhisattva and is also known as Minnāth.

The route of the chariot procession starts at Pulchok and passes through Gabahal, Hakha, Sundhara,

Lagankhel and ends atJawalakhel. As per time-honored tradition, the chariot is pulled exclusively by women on the stretch between the localities of Iti and Thati.

This part of the chariot procession is known as Yākah Misāyā Bhujyā (याकः मिसाया भुज्या).

The parade finishes at the open ground of Jawalakhel which is situated at the western side of Lalitpur.

There, the festivities conclude with the ceremony of Bhoto Jatra, the display of the bhoto, a traditional Nepalese vest.

Bhoto Jatra, which literally means “vest festival”, is the climax of the chariot procession of Bunga Dyah Jatra.

 

After the two chariots arrive in Jawalakhel, astrologers choose an auspicious date to hold the Bhoto Jatra festival.

 

On the appointed day in the presence of the head of state, a government official climbs on to the chariot and holds up a jewel-studded black vest from the four sides of the chariot so that all the people gathered around can have a look at it.

 

 

The display is a re-enactment of an event that happened eons ago.

 

According to legend, a Newar Jyapu farmer lost the vest which he had received as a gift from the serpent god Karkotaka Naga for doing him a favour.

 

One day, the farmer had come to Jawalakhel to watch the chariot pulling festival where he saw someone wearing his missing garment.

 

 

A quarrel ensued over the vest, and since neither party could prove ownership, it was agreed that the undershirt would be kept with Bunga Dyah until the rightful owner comes to claim it with adequate proof.

 

Since then, the vest has been shown to the public annually as a call to potential claimants to step forward.

 

 

The living goddess Kumari of Patan also arrives in Jawalakhel to observe Bhoto Jatra.

 

She watches the ceremony from a special rest house.

 

The auspicious day when the Bhoto Jatra is held is determined by astrologers, so the date is changeable.

 

In 2014, the vest showing will be held on 22 June.

 

After the festival, the chariot is dismantled and the parts are stored until it is time for the procession the next year.

 

RatoMachhendranath is taken to a temple in the nearby village of Bungamati, also known as the second home of the rain god.

 

The deity spends the next six months in that temple.

 

Source:

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rato_Machhendranath_Jatra_(chariot_festival)

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Vedas In Bali Islands Catur Veda Sira

In Uncategorized on April 30, 2014 at 18:45

Efforts to wipe out Hinduism and the Hindu Scriptures have been made.

 

And it has been successful in a limited way, thanks to the oral traditions of the Vedas  and the unstinting followers of the Vedas, The Brahmins.

 

I have posted how the Great African Religion was literally wiped out to the extent that even the natives of Africa still believe that they have been tribal

and mostly uncivilized.

 

Similar attempts have been made and ae being made about Indonesia and especially Bali Islands

 

You can get the information from the web that Hinduism  entered Bali some time around  First Century BC, this too is given out in a condescending

manner.

 

Hinduism came to Indonesia from India in the fifth century CE. It was gradually replaced by Buddhism, which was the main religion of Sumatra and Javauntil it in turn was displaced by the coming of Islam from the 14th century CE. However, due to “cultural barriers”, Bali became the only part of Indonesia to remain Hindu.[1][2]

 

Hindu influences reached the Indonesian Archipelago as early as first century. There are several theories as to how Hinduism reached Indonesia. The Vaishya idea is that intermarriage occurred between Indian traders/merchants and Indonesian natives. Another theory (Kshatriya) believes that defeated soldiers from India found solace in Indonesia. Third, the Brahmana take a more traditional point of view that missionaries spread Hinduism to the islands. Lastly, the nationalist (Bhumiputra) theory is that Indonesians chose the culture themselves after having traveled to India.’

 

The position is,

 

Hinduism in its Vedic form has been the Religion of Indonesian islands.

 

The Ramayana and the Mahabharata are still being told there with vaiations.

 

Tamils History state that  these areas were conquered by the Tamil Kings of the Sangam Era, about 200o years ago.

 

Vedas were being chanted and a version of the Vedas , called ‘Catur Veda Sirah, The Head of Four Vedas’

 

Gatothgaja Statue In Bali

Gatothgaja In Bali

 

The emphasis seems to be more on Vishnu Worship.

 

 “The Indonesian, particularly Balinese Hindus today didn’t have the complete Samhita of Catur Veda.

 

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

 

But some palm-leaf manuscripts we called Catur Veda Sirah, The Head of Four Vedas, were available under some hereditary Brahmin’s custody and government library.

 

The Rik, Yajus, and Sama’s “heads” full of clearly Vaishnavite meaning and established Lord Sriman Narayana’s supremacy above other deities.

 

The Atharva Sirah invokes other divine names such as Siva, Brahma, or even Skanda, Kumara, and Ganapati.

 

But from careful analysis, we also can conclude them finally as glorifying hymns for Lord Sriman Narayana.

 

The different names actually do  not refer to various deities but The Supreme Lord Narayana. These are the texts of Balinese Caturveda Sirah. …..

 

 

Balinese Version of The Veda.

 

Sang Hyang Rigveda Sirah

atha puruso ha vai narayano kaumayata prajaha srijeyeti| narayanat prano jayate manaha sarvendriyani ca kham vayur jyotir apah pruthvi visvasya dharani| narayanad brahma jayate| narayanad rudra jayate|narayanad indro jayate| narayanat prajapatih prajayate|narayanad dvadasa-aditya rudra vasavah sarvani chandansi| narayanadeva samutpadyante| narayanat pravartante|narayane praliyante| etad rigveda sirodhite||

Then The Supreme Person Narayana fastened the wish: May I create! From Narayana the life force is created. Narayana created mind, all senses, and also the sky, air, light (or fire), water, earth, and Narayana is the sustainer of everything (or the whole universe). From Narayana Brahma is born. Narayana created Rudra, Indra, and Prajapati. From Narayana the twelve Adityas, eleven Rudras, eight Vasus, and all Vedic metres are born. They originate from Narayana, they act by Narayana’s energy, and they finally dissolve in Narayana. Thus the head meaning of Rigveda has been studied.

In this Sirah, we try to comprehend Sriman Narayana by His unlimited opulence. At beginning the Sirah considered many material forces, then their great presiding deities (the abhimani-Devatas). Finally, the supremacy of Lord Narayana was established, by identifying Him as the original cause of everything. Remind us with the aphorismjanmadhyasya yatah of Brahmasutra.

Sang Hyang Yajurveda Sirah

atha nityo narayanah| brahma narayanah| sivas ca narayanah| sakras ca narayanah| kalas ca narayanah| disas ca narayanah| vidisas ca narayanah| urdhvam ca narayanah| adhas ca narayanah| antar bahis ca narayanah| narayana evedam sarvam| yad bhutam yas ca bhavyam| niskalanko niranjano nirvikalpah nirakhyatah| suddho deva eko narayanah| na dvitiyo’sti kascit| ya evam veda visnureva bhavati| ya etad yajurveda sirodhite||

The eternal Sriman Narayana is Brahma (The Primary), Narayana is Siva (The Auspicious), Narayana is Sakra (The Master), Narayana is the immortal time, Narayana is the four points of compass and the points between. Narayana is zenith and nadir, the interior and exterior. Narayana is this all; what has come into existence and all that will come into existence. The inconceivable One, the unstainable One, the unimpaired One, pure One Supreme Godhead, One without second, The Supreme Lord Narayana. He, who has come to realized this, will come to Vishnu. Thus the head meaning of Yajurveda has been studied.

Here we find mentioned many Devatas’ name. But we have to remember, this Sirah acts as a Vedic conclusion. By conclusive word of deva ekah or na dvitiyah, we know these different names only referred to One Personality. In other word the Sirah was saying, “That Brahma, you called as the supreme, is Narayana. That Siva actually Narayana. That Sakra actually Narayana. etc.” The Rigveda Sirah considered different personalities, but one of them, that Sriman Narayana, was the Supreme Origin of all. The Yajurveda Sirah only talked about One Single Personality, by addressing Him with various name. Here we also can use the methods of Sri Madhvacharya to solve something seem like ambiguity or contradictive statements of the Vedas. We can understand the words as Niravakasha (have only one meaning) and Savakasha (may interpreted by some meanings base on context). Brahma, Siva, Sakra, etc. could be interpreted in several meanings. viz. the name of demigods; the descriptions of Narayana’s quality; or as various names of Narayana. The second and third meaning was fit in this context by considering the phrase deva ekah narayana na dvitiyah. We called Narayana Brahma, because He is The First Person. We called Him Siva because He is all auspicious, etc. But it doesn’t mean asvatantra (dependent) gods, named Brahma or Siva, etc. was equal or same as Narayana, the Paramasvatantra (The Supremely Independent). In conclusive word, this Sirah meditates on Lord Narayana’s kalyana-guna

Sang Hyang Samaveda Sirah

Om ityagre vyavaharet| nama iti pascat| narayanayetyuparistat| om ityekaksaram| nama iti dvi aksare| narayanayeti pancaksarani| etad vai narayanasya-astaksaram padam| yo ha vai narayanasya-astaksaram padam abhyeti| anapabhruvah sarvamayureti| vindate prajapatyam rayasposam gopatyam tato’mrta tvam asnute| etat samaveda sirodhite.

First pronounce Om, then Namo, and finally Narayanaya. Om is the one syllable form, Namo is the two syllables form, and Narayanaya is the five syllables form. This is indeed the eight syllables mantra of Lord Narayana. Whoever goes to this eight syllables mantra of Lord Narayana, will be free from any curse during the whole course of his life. He will reach the status of Prajapati (Lord over beings), accumulating abundant of wealth, ownership over cattle and finally reaches immortality. Thus the head meaning of Samaveda has been studied.

This Sirah presenting Astaksara-mantra or Thirumantram as the conclusion of Samaveda. The mantra was actually the sound representation of the deity. There is no different between Astaksara-mantra and The Supreme Personality of Godhead Narayana Himself. One who attained realization on Astaksara-mantra, directly experience the Divine Being of Sriman Narayana Himself. He totally immersed in The Lord’s nama-rupa-guna-lila, His Holy Name, Divine Form, Qualities, and Pastimes. Indeed, this Sirah is the part of Vedic Narayana-suktam.

Sang Hyang Atharvaveda Sirah

Om suryatidam nirmalam satatam| candramrtvat sakalam| sa sadasiva sa suryam idapyam jagatvam| brahma surya surya prabhavam| mahesvaram mahadevam sambhu sankaras ca sivam sadasivam paramasivam| tava suksmam paramgataya tava sa surya| padmanabha narayana indram suryaprakasam| catur-bhumim asamam asisam krstam sukham sajanam| sthavarajangamam lata vrksa sapraroham mrga prajadhipati| om sivam sarva sakala maranam| nada vindvam bhaskaram omkaram ekaksaram| kalagnika-suryam tryaksara angam panca brahmanam dvyaksaram| narayanaskanda ganapati kumarastri siva surya sa etad atharvaveda sirodhite.

Om this is the eternal illuminating pure sun, the soothing ray emanating moon. The Sun of Sadasiva, the cosmic Brahma sun, the all shining sun, The Great Master (Mahesvara), The Great Lord (Mahadeva), The Self born One (Sambhu), The Attractive One (Sankara), The Auspicious (Siva), The Ever Auspicious (Sadasiva), The Most Auspicious (Paramasiva), The Subtlest One (Suksma), The Sun of highest ultimate goal (Paramgata). The Sun of the Lord with lotus-like navel (Padmanabha), sustainer of the whole universe (Narayana), and the King of all kings (Indra). Without parallel in the fourteen worlds, the blissful Lord of saintly persons, humans, animals, trees, vines, and other creatures. The highest Lord of all beings (Prajadhipati). The most auspicious Om, the end of everything, the lustrousnada and bindu of the Single Sacred Syllable Om. The fire of the Sun of the time. Embodiment of three syllables, five Brahmas, and two syllables. The Supreme Narayana, Skanda, Ganapati, Kumara, Devi, Siva, and Surya. Thus the head meaning of Atharvaveda has been studied.”

The Mahabharata narratives as found in present Wayang consist of folk-narratives developed by Wayang puppet-masters and bards over the ages, as also the narratives of Old Javanese Literature, which perhaps itself owes much to Folk-narratives. Kakawin Bhāratayuddha is an Old Javanese poetical rendering of some Parvas of the Mahabharata by Mpu Sedah and his brother Mpu Panuluh in Indian meters (kāvya or Kakawin). The commencement of this work was exactly November 6, 1157. It is by far the oldest extant Javanese work. Some important Kakawins relevant to our present discussion are – Kakawin Arjunawiwaha, by Mpu Kanwa, – 1030, Kakawin Krsnayana, Kakawin Bharatayuddha, by Mpu Sedah and Mpu Panuluh, 1157, Kakawin Hariwangsa Kakawin Gatotkacaśraya, Kakawin Arjunawijaya, by Mpu Tantular, and Kakawin Parthayajña.

With reference to Old Javanese literature and particularly Wayang puppet show, let us now see what major variations we find in the Indonesian narrative from its Indian origin. Let us also see the similarities of some Indian variations with the Indonesian narrative.

Shantanu-Satyavati-Prashara-Vyasa

In the wayang kulit/leather-puppet performance Prabu Matsyapati or Durgandana, is the King of Wiroto(Virata). He is the son of Basukiswara, a just and powerful king of Cedhiwiyasa. Virataraja Matsya is Satyabati’s brother. Satyabati or Durgandini makes love to Bambang Palasara (Rishi Parashara) in a boat and produces five children.

History.

The earliest recorded history was about the famous Mulavarman of Kutai in Kalimantan. He donated thousands of cows to agnihotri Brahmins and performed the biggest Yagna throughout the history of Nusantara. The Ramayana and also some Sanskrit works, called the present day Kalimantan as Barhina-dvipa, which later became Borneo. At the time of Mulavarman, the Indian supposed to include Nusantara as a part of Greater Kalinga. So by Mulavarman’s virtuous performance of grand sacrificial ceremony, his kingdom could be designated as Kalingottamam, the word perhaps changed to present day Kalimantan. According to some historian, the word Vaprakeshwara found in Mulavarman inscriptions has some connection with Lord Siva, and then they concluded that Mulavarman and his subjects were Saivas. But the form of his Yagna performance was Vedic. It didn’t seem involve the Agamic or Tantric elements of any sort. The lack of archaeological remains of temple worship from the time of Mulavarman supposed to prove this probability.

Their worship differs from Hindu worship in minor details, essence remains the same.

Festivals in Bali.

Nyepi –  31 March 2014
This holiday is the Balinese New Year, called Icaka New Year – a day of total silence throughout the island. No activity, no traffic is allowed on the roads; no fire may be lit for 24 hours. Great purification and sacrificial rites are held on the day before, so as to banish evil spirits from every place on the Island – Ogoh Ogoh figures are built, then burned.

Saraswati 8 March and 4 October 2014
This day is devoted to Dewi Saraswati, the Goddess of  Science & Knowledge. Books of knowledge, manuscripts and the Wedas are blessed and special offerings are made for them.

As with other religious days in Bali, there are also ritual activities before and after the day of Saraswati itself. The day before the Saraswati is called Pengeradanaan, a day to prepare for Saraswati both spiritually and physically. Books are cleaned and properly arranged.

On Saraswati Day, the Balinese make offerings to their books. Students celebrate at school, usually in the morning. The Saraswati Day is not a day off work, so all offices are open.

The day after Saraswati is called Banyu Pinaruh. “Banyu” means water and “Pinaruh” means wisdom. Taken together, the words mean that man must have wisdom which always flows like water, and is useful for mankind. Early in the morning of Banyu Pinaruh Day, people will go the beaches, rivers and springs to purify themselves and pray for wisdom.

Pagerwesi – 12 March and 8 October 2014
Pagerwesi commemorates the day upon which an ancient battle between good and evil was fought. The word “Pagerwesi” means “iron fence”, and reflects the purpose of this important event: it is the day to strengthen one’s fortifications against evil. The correlation between Pagerwesi and the Saraswati is that knowledge is so powerful that it must be protected from bad influences. Pagerwesi Day reminds people to be wise and more aware of the function and power of knowledge.

The Balinese celebrate the Pagerwesi ceremony every six months according to the Balinese calendar. The celebration is usually three days after the Saraswati day.

During Pagerwesi, people make special offerings for the dead who have not yet been cremated. Observances are usually held at every house compound, and at temples.

 

The Galungan Ceremony –  21 May   and  17 December 2014
One of Bali’s major festivals celebrates the return of Balinese gods and ancestors to Bali. For ten days, Balinese families will entertain and welcome with prayers and offerings, along with ceremonies to cleanse and balance the inner and outer energy of the island. Galungan features, among other things, barong dancing from temple to temple in the village. The festival symbolizes the victory of good over evil. The origin of Galungan is a mystery, but essentially it is believed to be the beginning of the week in which the gods and ancestors descend to earth, and good triumphs over evil.

The holiday is celebrated by the fitting of ‘penjor’, tall bamboo poles beautifully decorated with woven coconut palm leaves, fruit, cakes and flowers, on the right side of every house entrance. People are attired in their finest clothes and jewels on this day.

 

(http://www.mydestination.com)Veda

Citations.

Balinese Hinduism

Catur Veda Sira

Indonesian Mahabhata

 

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108 Upanishads Complete List

In Uncategorized on April 22, 2014 at 18:48

Upanishad means “sitting near by’

 

This is the part of The Vedas, the unwritten Scripture of the Hindus, over 5000(Five Thousand) years old and transmitted by oral tradition, that contains the enquiry into the Nature of the World where were We, where we are and Where do We Go from Here’

 

It is a Philosophical treatise that has to be practiced.

 

 

Please read my posts on Vedas filed under Hinduism/Indian Philosophy for more details.

 

Thee Upanishads are called  the end of all The Veda, Vedanta.

 

They are 108.

 

  • 10 upaniṣads are associated with the Rigveda and have the shānti beginning vaṇme-manasi.
  • 16 upaniṣads are associated with the Samaveda and have the shānti beginning āpyāyantu.
  • 19 upaniṣads are associated with the Shukla Yajurveda and have the shānti beginning pūrṇamada.
  • 32 upaniṣads are associated with the Krishna Yajurveda and have the shānti beginning sahanāvavatu.
  • 31 upaniṣads are associated with the Atharvaveda and have the shānti beginning bhadram-karṇebhiḥ.

 

26-29. But by what means is the Kaivalya kind of Moksha got ? The Mandukya is enough; if knowledge is not got from it, then study the Ten Upanishads. Getting knowledge very soon, you will reach my abode. If certainty is not got even then, study the 32 Upanishads and stop. If desiring Moksha without the body, read the 108 Upanishads. Hear their order-

-Muktika Upanishad
Translated by Dr. A. G. Krishna Warrier
Published by The Theosophical Publishing House, Chennai

 

 

Citation.

 

Mukthika Upanishad

The List of 108 Upanishads.

 

  1. Isha Upanishad [1]
  2. Kena Upanishad [2]
  3. Katha Upanishad [3]
  4. Prashna Upanishad [4]
  5. Mundaka Upanishad [5]
  6. Mandukya Upanishad [6]
  7. Taittiriya Upanishad [7]
  8. Aitareya Upanishad [8]
  9. Chandogya Upanishad [9]
  10. Brihadaranyaka Upanishad [10]
  11. Brahmopanishad [11]
  12. Kaivalyopanishad [12]
  13. Jabalopanishad [13]
  14. Shvetashvatara Upanishad [14]
  15. Hamsopanishad
  16. Aruneyopanishad
  17. Garbhopanishad
  18. Narayanopanishad
  19. Paramahamsopanishad
  20. Amritabindu Upanishad
  21. Nada-bindupanishad
  22. Siropanishad
  23. Atharva-sikhopanishad
  24. Maitrayaniya Upanishad
  25. Kaushitaki Upanishad
  26. Brihaj-jabalopanishad
  27. Nrisimha-tapaniyopanishad
  28. Kalagni-rudropanishad
  29. Maitreyy-upanishad
  30. Subalopanishad
  31. Kshurikopanishad
  32. Mantrikopanishad
  33. Sarva-saropanishad
  34. Niralambopanishad
  35. Suka-rahasyopanishad
  36. Vajra-sucikopanishad
  37. Tejobindu Upanishad
  38. Nada-bindupanishad
  39. Dhyana-bindupanishad
  40. Brahma-vidyopanishad
  41. Yoga-tattvopanishad
  42. Atma-bodhopanishad
  43. Narada-parivrajakopanishad
  44. Trisikhy-upanishad
  45. Sitopanishad
  46. Yoga-cudamany-upanishad
  47. Nirvanopanishad
  48. Mandala-brahmanopanishad
  49. Dakshina-murty-upanishad
  50. Sarabhopanishad
  51. Skandopanishad
  52. Mahanarayanopanishad
  53. Advaya-tarakopanishad
  54. Rama-rahasyopanishad
  55. Rama-tapany-upanishad
  56. Vasudevopanishad
  57. Mudgalopanishad
  58. Sandilyopanishad
  59. Paingalopanishad
  60. Bhikshupanishad
  61. Mahad-upanishad
  62. Sarirakopanishad
  63. Yoga-sikhopanishad
  64. Turiyatitopanishad
  65. Sannyasopanishad
  66. Paramahamsa-parivrajakopanishad
  67. Malikopanishad
  68. Avyaktopanishad
  69. Ekaksharopanishad
  70. Purnopanishad
  71. Suryopanishad
  72. Akshy-upanishad
  73. Adhyatmopanishad
  74. Kundikopanishad
  75. Savitry-upanishad
  76. Atmopanishad
  77. Pasupatopanishad
  78. Param-brahmopanishad
  79. Avadhutopanishad
  80. Tripuratapanopanishad
  81. Devy-upanishad
  82. Tripuropanishad
  83. Katha-rudropanishad
  84. Bhavanopanishad
  85. Hridayopanishad
  86. Yoga-kundaliny-upanishad
  87. Bhasmopanishad
  88. Rudrakshopanishad
  89. Ganopanishad
  90. Darsanopanishad
  91. Tara-saropanishad
  92. Maha-vakyopanishad
  93. Panca-brahmopanishad
  94. Pranagni-hotropanishad
  95. Gopala-tapany-upanishad
  96. Krishnopanishad
  97. Yajnavalkyopanishad
  98. Varahopanishad
  99. Satyayany-upanishad
  100. Hayagrivopanishad
  101. Dattatreyopanishad
  102. Garudopanishad
  103. Kaly-upanishad
  104. Jabaly-upanishad
  105. Saubhagyopanishad
  106. Sarasvati-rahasyopanishad
  107. Bahvricopanishad
  108. Muktikopanishad
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