ramanan50

Life Found in Mars in 1976 -Scientists

In Astrophysics, Science on April 14, 2012 at 00:10

A group of scientists analysing Data from Data obtained from Viking Robots have come to the conclusion that there is sufficient evidence to suggest that Life exists in Mars.

If you read the story carefully, you will find that they state that “the high degree of order is more characteristic of biological, rather than purely physical, processes. ‘

My point is that if there is a degree of difference between the Order among sciences, does that  not imply that a Thinking principle is behind the Cosmos?

Order among Orders-Is this possible without Intelligence?

Now to the News. It is intriguing as to why the Scientists keep on denying the existence of Extra terrestrial Life despite mounting evidence, be it  The UFOs‘ or Messages received and not deciphered, unexplainable phenomena we witness in the Cosmos.

Is it the fear of the ET?

Viking Lander touches down

The new study took a different approach. Researchers distilled the Viking Labeled Release data, provided as hard copies by the original researchers, into sets of numbers and analyzed the results for complexity. Since living systems are more complicated than non-biological processes, the idea was to look at the experiment results from a purely numerical perspective.

They found close correlations between the Viking experiment results’ complexity and those of terrestrial biological data sets. They say the high degree of order is more characteristic of biological, rather than purely physical, processes.
Critics counter that the method has not yet been proven effective for differentiating between biological and non-biological processes on Earth, so it’s premature to draw any conclusions.
More space news from msnbc.com

Planetary Society
What do you do with a worrisome asteroid?
Science editor Alan Boyle‘s blog: The Russians want to set up a radio beacon on a near-Earth asteroid that could turn into a killer — but U.S. experts say there’s a better way.
ISS astronauts mark big space anniversaries
Viking robots found life on Mars, scientists say
North Korean rocket breaks up after launch
“Ideally, to use a technique on data from Mars, one would want to show that the technique has been well-calibrated and well-established on Earth. The need to do so is clear; on Mars we have no way to test the method, while on Earth we can,” planetary scientist and astrobiologist Christopher McKay, with NASA’s Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, Calif., told Discovery News.

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/47031923/ns/technology_and_science-science/t/viking-robots-found-life-mars-scientists-say/#.T4htXVEtgjo

THE GIST
A reanalysis of Mars Viking experiments shows the probes did find organics.
The result was not initially understood due to the strong oxidation effects of a salt in the Mars soil known as perchlorate.
A follow-up study on perchlorate-enhanced soil similar to what’s found on Mars revealed fingerprints of combusted organics.

http://news.discovery.com/space/viking-mars-organics-experiment.html

Original Report.

Abstract: The only extraterrestrial life detection experiments ever conducted were the three which were components of the 1976 Viking Mission to Mars. Of these, only the Labeled Release experiment obtained a clearly positive response. In this experiment 14C radiolabeled nutrient was added to the Mars soil samples. Active soils exhibited rapid, substantial gas release. The gas was probably CO2 and, possibly, other radiocarbon-containing gases. We have applied complexity analysis to the Viking LR data. Measures of mathematical complexity permit deep analysis of data structure along continua including signal vs. noise, entropy vs.negentropy, periodicity vs. aperiodicity, order vs. disorder etc. We have employed seven complexity variables, all derived from LR data, to show that Viking LR active responses can be distinguished from controls via cluster analysis and other multivariate techniques. Furthermore, Martian LR active response data cluster with known biological time series while the control data cluster with purely physical measures. We conclude that the complexity pattern seen in active experiments strongly suggests biology while the different pattern in the control responses is more likely to be non-biological. Control responses that exhibit relatively low initial order rapidly devolve into near-random noise, while the active experiments exhibit higher initial order which decays only slowly. This suggests a robust biological response. These analyses support the interpretation that the Viking LR experiment did detect extant microbial life on Mars.

http://ijass.org/PublishedPaper/year_abstract.asp?idx=132

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